3. Mah±vedallasuttavaººan±

449. Garubh±vo g±rava½, p±s±ºacchatta½ viya garukaraº²yat±. Saha g±raven±ti sag±ravo, garun± kismiñci vutte g±ravavasena patissavana½ patissavo, saha patissavena sappatissavo, patissavabh³ta½ ta½sabh±gañca ya½ kiñci garukaraºa½. Sag±rave sappatissavacana½ sag±ravasappatissavacana½. Garukaraºa½ v± g±ravo, sag±ravassa sappatissavacana½ sag±ravasappatissavacana½. Etena sabh±veneva sag±ravassa tath±pavatta½ vacananti dasseti. Aññattha du-saddo garahatthopi hoti “dukkha½ dupputto”ti-±d²su viya, idha pana so na sambhavati kucchit±ya paññ±ya abh±vatoti ±ha “paññ±ya duµµha½ n±ma natth²”ti. “Duss²lo”ti-±d²su viya abh±vattho du-saddoti vutta½ “appañño nippaññoti attho”ti. Kittaken±ti kena parim±ºena. Ta½ pana parim±ºa½ yasm± parimeyyassa atthassa paricchindana½ hoti, nu-saddo ca pucch±ya jotako, tasm± “kitt±vat± nu khoti k±raºaparicchedapucch±”ti vatv± “kittakena nu kho eva½ vuccat²ti attho”ti ±ha. “K±raºaparicchedapucch±”ti imin± “kitt±vat±”ti s±maññato pucch±bh±vo dassito, na visesato, tassa pucch±visesabh±vañ±panattha½ mah±niddese ±gat± sabb±va pucch± atthuddh±ranayena dasseti “pucch± ca n±m±”ti-±din±. Adiµµha½ jot²yati et±y±ti adiµµhajotan±, pucch±. Diµµhasa½sandan± s±kacch±vasena vinicchayakaraºa½. Vimati chijjati et±y±ti vimaticchedan±. Anumatiy± pucch± anumatipucch±. “Ta½ ki½ maññatha, bhikkhave”ti-±dipucch±ya hi “ki½ tumh±ka½ anumat²”ti anumati pucchit± hoti. Kathetu½ kamyat±ya pucch± kathetukamyat±pucch±.
Lakkhaºanti ñ±tu½ icchito yo koci sabh±vo. Aññ±tanti yena kenaci ñ±ºena aññ±tabh±va½ ±ha. Adiµµhanti dassanabh³tena paccakkha½ viya adiµµhata½. Atulitanti “ettaka½ idan”ti tulanabh³tena atulitata½. At²ritanti t²raºabh³tena akatañ±ºakiriy±sam±panata½. Avibh³tanti ñ±ºassa ap±kaµabh±va½. Avibh±vitanti ñ±ºena ap±kaµ²katabh±va½. Idha diµµhasa½sandan±pucch± adhippet±, na adiµµhajotan± vimaticchedan± c±ti.
Kathamaya½ attho viññ±yat²ti ±ha “thero h²”ti-±di. Saya½ vinicchinantoti sayameva tesa½ pañh±na½ attha½ visesena nicchinanto. Ida½ suttanti ida½ pañcav²satipañhapaµimaº¹itasutta½, na ya½ kiñci anavaseseneva matthaka½ p±pes²ti. “Sayameva pañha½ samuµµh±petv± saya½ vinicchinanto”ti ettha catukkoµika½ bhavat²ti dassento “ekacco h²”ti-±dim±ha. Pañha½ samuµµh±petu½yeva sakkot²ti pucchanavidhi½yeva j±n±ti. Na nicchetunti nicchetu½ na sakkoti, vissajjanavidhi½ na j±n±t²ti attho. Visesaµµh±nanti aññehi asadisaµµh±na½. Therena sadisoti therena sadiso s±vako natthi.
Sa½sanditv±ti sa½yojetv± sam±na½ katv±, yath± tattha sabbaññutaññ±ºa½ pavatta½, tath± ta½ avilometv±ti attho. L²¼±yantoti l²¼a½ karonto. Dhammakathikat±ya aggabh±vappattiy± tattha appaµihatañ±ºat±ya buddhal²¼±ya viya catunna½ paris±na½ gamana½ gaºhanto dhammakatha½ katheti.
Ito v± etto v± anukkamitv±ti uggahitakath±maggato yattha katthaci ²sakampi anukkamitv± uggahitaniy±menev±ti attho. Ten±ha “yaµµhikoµin”ti-±di. Ekapadikanti ekapadanikkhepamatta½. Daº¹akasetunti ekadaº¹akamaya½ setu½. Heµµh± ca upari ca suttapad±na½ ±haraºena tepiµaka½ buddhavacana½ heµµhupariya½ karonto. J±tassarasadisañca g±tha½, suttapada½ v± nikkhipitv± tattha n±n±-upam±k±raº±ni ±haranto t±ni ca tehi suttapadehi bodhento samuµµh±pento “j±tassare pañcavaºº±ni kusum±ni phull±pento viya sinerumatthake vaµµisahassa½ j±lento viy±”ti vutto.
Ekapaduddh±reti ekasmi½ paduddh±raºakkhaºe. Padavasena saµµhi padasatasahass±ni g±th±vasena pannarasa g±th±sahass±ni. ¾ka¹¹hitv± gaºhanto viy±ti pacceka½ pupph±ni anocinitv± vallimeva ±ka¹¹hitv± ekajjha½ pupph±ni katv± gaºhanto viya. Ten±ha “ekappah±renev±”ti. Gatimant±nanti atisay±ya ñ±ºagatiy± yutt±na½. Dhitimant±nanti dh±raºabalena yutt±na½.
Anantanayussadanti paccayuppannabh±sitatthanibb±navip±kakiriy±divasena anantapabhede visaye pavattiy± anantanayehi ussanna½ upacita½. Caturoghanittharaºatthik±na½ titthe µhapitan±v± viy±ti yojan±. Sahassayutta-±jaññarathoti vejayantaratha½ sandh±ya vadati.
Yasm± pucch±ya½ by±panicch±nayena “duppañño duppañño”ti ±me¹itavasena vutta½, tasm± dhammasen±pati pucchitamattha½ vissajjento pucch±sabh±gena “nappaj±n±ti nappaj±n±t²”ti ±me¹itavasenev±ha. Tattha iti-saddo k±raºatthoti dassento “yasm± nappaj±n±ti, tasm± duppaññoti vuccat²”ti ±ha. Ida½ dukkhanti ida½ up±d±nakkhandhapañcaka½ dukkha½ ariyasacca½. Tañca kho ruppana½ vediyana½ sañj±nana½ abhisaªkharaºa½ vij±nananti saªkhepato ettaka½. Ito uddha½ kiñci dhammaj±ta½ dukkha½ ariyasacca½ n±ma natth²ti y±th±vasarasalakkhaºato pavattikkamato ceva p²¼anasaªkhatasant±pavipariº±malakkhaºato ca yath±bh³ta½ ariyamaggapaññ±ya nappaj±n±ti. Avasesapaccayasam±game udayati uppajjati, sv±ya½ samudayo sa½s±rapavattibh±ven±ti ±ha “pavattidukkhapabh±vik±”ti, dukkhasaccassa upp±dik±ti attho. Y±th±vasarasalakkhaºatoti yath±bh³ta½ anupacchedakaraºarasato ceva sampiº¹ananid±nasa½yogapalibodhalakkhaºato ca.
Ida½ n±ma µh±na½ patv±ti ida½ n±ma appavattik±raºa½ ±gamma. Nirujjhat²ti anupp±danirodhavasena nirujjhati, ten±ha “ubhinna½ appavatt²”ti. Y±th±vasarasalakkhaºatoti yath±bh³ta½ accutirasato ceva nissaraºavivek±saªkhat±matalakkhaºato ca. Aya½ paµipad±ti aya½ samm±diµµhi-±dik± samodh±nalakkhaº± paµipajjati et±y±ti paµipad±. Dukkhanirodha½ gacchat²ti dukkhanirodha½ nibb±na½ sacchikiriy±bhisamayavasena gacchati ±rabbha pavattati. Y±th±vasarasalakkhaºatoti yath±bh³ta½ kilesappah±nakaraºasarasato ceva niyy±nahetudassan±dhipateyyalakkhaºato ca nappaj±n±ti. Anantarav±reti dutiyav±re. Imin±va nayen±ti “ida½ dukkha½, ettaka½ dukkhan”ti-±din± paµhamav±re vuttanayena. Tattha hi duppaññaniddesatt± paj±nanapaµikkhepavasena desan± ±gat±, idha paññavantaniddesatt± paj±nanavasen±ti ayameva viseso. Etth±ti dutiyav±re.
Savanatoti kammaµµh±nassa savanato uggaºh±ti. Ganthasavanamukhena hi tadatthassa uggahaºa½. Ýhapetv± taºhanti-±di tassa uggahaº±k±ranidassana½. Abhinivisat²ti vipassan±bhinivesavasena abhinivisati vipassan±kammaµµh±na½ paµµhapeti. No vivaµµeti vivaµµe abhiniveso na hoti avisayatt±. Ayanti catusaccakammaµµh±niko.
Pañcakkhandh±ti pañcup±d±nakkhandh±. Khandhavasena vipassan±bhinivesassa cakkh±divasena vedan±divasena ca satipi anekavidhatte sukara½ suviññeyyanti catudh±tumukhena ta½ dassetu½ “dh±tukammaµµh±navasena otaritv±”ti ±ha. R³panti vavatthapet²ti ruppanaµµhena r³panti asaªkarato paricchindati. Tad±rammaº±ti ta½ r³pa½ ±rammaºa½ katv± pavattanak±. N±manti vedan±dicatukka½ namanaµµhena n±manti vavatth±peti. Yamakat±lakkhandha½ bhindanto viya yamaka½ bhinditv± “ar³pa½, r³pañc±”ti dveva ime dhamm±, na ettha koci att± v± attaniya½ v±ti n±mar³pa½ vavatthapeti paricchindati pariggaºh±ti. Ett±vat± diµµhivisuddhi dassit±. Ta½ paneta½ n±mar³pa½ na ahetuka½. Yasm± sabba½ sabbattha sabbad± ca natthi, tasm± sahetuka½. K²disena hetun±? Na issar±divisamahetun±. Ya½ panettha vattabba½, ta½ visuddhimaggasa½vaººan±ya½ (visuddhi. mah±µ². 2.447) vuttanayena gahetabba½. Sahetukatt± eva sapaccaya½. Avijj±dayoti avijj±taºhup±d±nakamm±h±r±dayo. Evanti “ta½ panetan”ti-±din± vuttappak±rena avijj±dike paccaye ceva r³pavedan±dike paccayuppannadhamme ca vavatthapetv± paricchinditv± pariggahetv±. Vuttañheta½ “avijj±samuday± r³pasamudayo, taºh±samuday± r³pasamudayo”ti (paµi. ma. 1.50). Ett±vat± kaªkh±vitaraºavisuddhi½ dasseti.
Hutv±ti hetupaccayasamav±ye uppajjitv±. Abh±vaµµhen±ti tadanantarameva vinassanaµµhena. Anicc±ti anicc± addhuv±. Aniccalakkhaºa½ ±ropet²ti tesu pañcasu khandhesu aniccat±saªkh±ta½ s±maññalakkhaºa½ niropeti. Tatoti aniccalakkhaº±ropanato para½, tato v± aniccabh±vato. Udayabbayappaµip²¼an±k±ren±ti upp±danirodhehi pati pati abhikkhaºa½ p²¼an±k±rena hetun± dukkh± aniµµh±, dukkham± v±. Avasavattan±k±ren±ti kassaci vasena avasavattan±k±rena. Anatt±ti na saya½ att±, n±pi nesa½ koci att± atth²ti anatt±ti. Tilakkhaºa½ ±ropetv±ti eva½ aniccassa dukkhabh±vato, dukkhassa ca anattabh±vato khandhapañcake tividhampi s±maññalakkhaºa½ ±ropetv±. Sammasantoti udayabbayañ±ºuppattiy± uppanne vipassanupakkilese pah±ya magg±magga½ vavatthapetv± udayabbayañ±º±divipassan±paµip±µiy± saªkh±re sammasanto gotrabhuñ±º±nantara½ lokuttaramagga½ p±puº±ti.
Ekapaµivedhen±ti ekeneva ñ±ºena paµivijjhanena. Paµivedho paµigh±t±bh±vena visaye nissaªgac±rasaªkh±ta½ nibbijjhana½. Abhisamayo avirajjhitv± adhigamanasaªkh±to avabodho. “Ida½ dukkha½, etta½ dukkha½, na ito bhiyyo”ti paricchinditv± y±th±vato j±nanameva vuttanayena paµivedhoti pariññ±paµivedho, idañca yath± ñ±ºe pavatte pacch± dukkhassa sar³p±diparicchede sammoho na hoti, tath± pavatti½ gahetv± vutta½, na pana maggañ±ºassa “ida½ dukkhan”ti-±din± pavattanato. Ten±ha “tasmiñcassa khaºe”ti-±di. Pah²nassa puna apah±tabbat±ya pakaµµha½ h±na½ cajana½ samucchindana½ pah±na½, pah±nameva vuttanayena paµivedhoti pah±napaµivedho. Ayampi yena kilesena appah²yam±nena maggabh±van±ya na bhavitabba½, asati ca maggabh±van±ya yo uppajjeyya, tassa padagh±ta½ karontassa anuppattidhammata½ ±p±dentassa ñ±ºassa tath±pavattiy± paµigh±t±bh±vena nissaªgac±ra½ up±d±ya eva½ vutto. Sacchikiriy± paccakkhakaraºa½ anussav±k±raparivitakk±dike muñcitv±va sar³pato ±rammaºakaraºa½ “ida½ tan”ti y±th±vasabh±vato gahaºa½, s± eva vuttanayena paµivedhoti sacchikiriy±paµivedho. Ayampi yassa ±varaºassa asamucchindanato ñ±ºa½ nirodha½ ±lambitu½ na sakkoti, tassa samucchindanato ta½ sar³pato vibh±vitameva pavattat²ti eva½ vutto.
Bh±van± upp±dan± va¹¹han± ca. Tattha paµhamamagge upp±danaµµhena bh±van±, dutiy±d²su va¹¹hanaµµhena, ubhayatth±pi v± ubhaya½ veditabba½. Paµhamamaggopi hi yath±raha½ vuµµh±nag±miniya½ pavatta½ parij±nan±di½ va¹¹hento pavattoti tatth±pi va¹¹hanaµµhena bh±van±ti sakk± viññ±tu½. Dutiy±d²supi appah²nakilesappah±nato puggalantaras±dhanato ca upp±danaµµhena bh±van±, s± eva vuttanayena paµivedhoti bh±van±paµivedho. Ayampi yath± ñ±ºe pavatte pacch± maggadhamm±na½ sar³paparicchede sammoho na hoti, tath± pavatti½ gahetv± vutto. Tiµµhantu t±va yath±dhigat± maggadhamm±, yath±pavattesu phalesupi aya½ yath±dhigatasaccadhammesu viya vigatasammohova hoti sekkhopi sam±no. Tena vutta½– “diµµhadhammo pattadhammo viditadhammo pariyog±¼hadhammo”ti (mah±va. 27). Yath± cassa dhamm± t±sa½ jotit± yath±dhigatasaccadhamm±valambiniyo maggav²thito parato maggaphalapah²n±vasiµµhakilesanibb±n±na½ paccavekkhaº± pavattanti. Dukkhasaccadhamm± hi sakk±yadiµµhi-±dayo. Ayañca atthavaººan± pariññ±bhisamayen±ti-±d²supi vibh±vetabb±. Kiccatoti asammohato. Nirodha½ ±rammaºatoti ettha “±rammaºatop²”ti pi-saddo luttaniddiµµho daµµhabbo nirodhepi asammohapaµivedhassa labbhanato. Etass±ti catusaccakammaµµh±nikassa puggalassa.