9. Mah±-assapurasuttavaººan±

415. J±napadinoti janapadavanto, janapadassa v± issar± r±jakum±r± gottavasena aªg± n±ma. Tesa½ niv±so yadi eko janapado katha½ bahuvacananti ±ha “ru¼h²sadden±”ti. Akkharacintak± hi ²disesu µh±nesu yutte viya saliªgavacan±ni (p±ºini 1.2.51) icchanti. Ayamettha ru¼h² yath± “kur³su viharati, mallesu viharat²”ti ca. Tabbisesane pana janapadasadde j±tisadde ekavacanameva. Ten±ha “aªgesu janapade”ti. Ass± vuccanti p±s±º±ni, t±ni sundar±ni tattha sant²ti “assapuran”ti so nigamo vuttoti kec². Apare pana ±j±n²yo asso rañño tattha gahaºa½ upagatoti “assapuran”ti vuttoti vadanti. Ki½ tehi, n±mameta½ tassa nigamassa. Yasm± pana tattha bhagavato nibaddhavasanaµµh±na½ kiñci n±hosi, tasm± “ta½ gocarag±ma½ katv± viharati”cceva vutta½. Tath± hi p±¼iya½ “assapura½ n±ma aªg±na½ nigamo”ti gocarag±makittanameva kata½.
Evar³pena s²len±ti-±d²su s²laggahaºena v±rittas²lam±ha. Tena samm±v±c±kammant±j²ve dasseti. ¾c±raggahaºena c±rittas²la½. Tena parisuddha½ k±yavac²sam±c±ra½. Paµipattiggahaºena samathavipassan±maggaphalasaªgaha½ samm±paµipatti½. Lajjinoti imin± yath±vuttas²l±c±ram³lak±raºa½. Pesal±ti imin± p±risuddhi½. U¼±raguº±ti imin± paµipattiy± p±rip³ri½. Bhikkhusaªghasseva vaººa½ kathent²ti ida½ tesa½ up±sak±na½ yebhuyyena bhikkh³na½ guºakittanapasutat±ya vutta½. Te pana saddhammepi samm±sambuddhepi abhippasann± eva. Ten±ha “buddham±mak± dhammam±mak±”ti. Vatthuttaye hi ekasmi½ abhippasann± itaradvaye abhippasann± eva tadavin±bh±vato. Piº¹ap±t±pac±yaneti lakkhaºavacanameta½ yath± “k±kehi sappi rakkhitabban”ti, tasm± paccayapaµip³janeti vutta½ hoti. Paccayad±yak±nañhi k±rassa attano samm±paµipattiy± mahapphalabh±vassa karaºa½ idha “piº¹ap±t±pac±yanan”ti adhippeta½.
Samaºakaraº±ti samaºabh±vakar±, samaºabh±vassa k±rak±ti attho. Te pana ekantato attano sant±ne upp±dit± va¹¹hit± ca hont²ti ±ha “sam±d±ya parip³rit±”ti. Samaºaggahaºañcettha samaºavasena, na s±maññamatten±ti ±ha “samitap±pasamaºan”ti. Br±hmaºakaraº±ti etth±pi vuttanayenevattho veditabbo. Byañjanato eva c±ya½ bhedo, yadida½ samaºabr±hmaº±ti na atthato. Samaºena kattabbadhamm±ti samaºadhamme µhitena samp±detabbadhamm±. Yo hi heµµhimasikkh±saªkh±tasamaºabh±ve suppatiµµhito, tena ye uparisikkh±saªkh±tasamaºabh±v± samp±detabb±, tesa½ vaseneva vuttasamaºena kattabbadhamm± vutt±ti. Tath± hi tesa½ samaºabh±v±vahata½ sandh±y±ha “tepi ca samaºakaraº± hontiyev±”ti. Idha pan±ti mah±-assapure. Hirottapp±divasena desan± vitth±rit±ti hirottappa-parisuddhak±yavac²manosam±c±r±j²va-indriyasa½vara-bhojanemattaññuta- j±gariy±nuyogasatisampajañña-jh±navijj±vasena samaºakaraºadhammadesan± vitth±rato desit±, na tikanip±te viya saªkhepato. Phalaggahaºeneva vip±kaphala½ gahita½, ta½ pana ukkaµµhaniddesena catubbidha½ s±maññaphala½ daµµhabba½. ¾nisa½saggahaºena piyaman±pat±di-udrayo. Tasseva atthoti tasseva avañc±padasseva atthaniddeso. “Yass± h²”ti-±din± byatirekavasena attha½ vadati. Ettakena µh±nen±ti ettakena p±¼ipadesena. Hirottapp±d²na½ upari p±¼iya½ vuccam±n±na½ samaºakaraºadhamm±na½. Vaººa½ kathes²ti guºa½ ±nisa½sa½ abh±si. Satipaµµh±ne vuttanayen±ti “apica vaººabhaºanametan”ti-±din± satipaµµh±navaººan±ya½ (d². ni. aµµha. 2.373; ma. ni. aµµha. 1.106) vuttanayena.
416. Ya½ hir²yat²ti yena dhammena hetubh³tena v± jigucchati. Karaºe heta½ paccattavacana½. Yanti v± liªgavipall±sena vutto, dhammoti attho. Hir²yitabben±ti upayogatthe karaºavacana½, hir²yitabbayuttaka½ k±yaduccarit±dinti attho. Ottappitabben±ti etth±pi eseva nayo. Ajjhatta½ niyakajjhatta½ j±ti-±di samuµµh±na½ etiss±ti ajjhattasamuµµh±n± hir², bahiddh± attato bahibh³to parasatto samuµµh±na½ etiss±ti bahiddh±samuµµh±na½ ottappa½. Att±dhipatito ±gat± att±dhipateyy±, att±na½ adhipati½ katv± pavatt±. Lajj±sabh±vasaºµhit±ti p±pajigucchanasabh±vaµµh±yin². Sappatissavalakkhaºatt± garun± kismiñci vutte g±ravavasena patissavana½ patissavo, saha patissaven±ti sappatissava½, patissavabh³ta½ ta½sabh±vañca ya½ kiñci g±rava½. J±ti-±dimahattat±paccavekkhaºena uppajjam±n± ca hir² tattha g±ravavasena pavattat²ti sappatissavalakkhaº±ti vuccati. Bhayasabh±vasaºµhitanti p±pato bh±yanasabh±vaµµh±y², vajjabh²rukabhayadass±vilakkhaºatt± vajja½ bh±yati ta½ bhayato passat²ti vajjabh²rukabhayadass±v², eva½sabh±va½ ottappa½. Ajjhattasamuµµh±n±dit± ca hirottapp±na½ tattha tattha p±kaµabh±veneva vuccati, na paresa½ kad±ci aññamaññavippayog±. Na hi lajjana½ nibbhaya½, p±pabhaya½ v± alajjana½ hot²ti. Ayamettha saªkhepo, vitth±ro pana aµµhas±liniya½ (dha. sa. aµµha. 1.balar±sivaººan±) vuttanayeneva veditabbo. Lokamariy±dassa p±lanato lokap±ladhamm± n±ma. Sukk±ti od±t± pabhassarabh±vak±rak±, sukk±bhij±tihetut±ya v± sukk±. Sambhedanti ±c±ramariy±d±saªkara½. Devabh±v±vah± dhamm±ti devadhamm±.
Sukkadhammasam±hit±ti yath±vuttasukkadhammasamaªgino. Santoti v³pasantados±. Sappuris±ti santajan±. Saparahitas±dhak± hi s±dhavo.
Avayavavinimuttassa samud±yassa abh±vato, avayavena ca samud±yassa apadisitabbato ov±d³pasampad±vaha-ov±dekadeso ov±d³pasampad±ti. Idh±ti imasmi½ assapure. Ete hirottappadhamm±. Samaºadhamm± n±m±ti dassit± m³labh³tasamaºabh±vakar± dhamm±ti katv±. Tath± hi tesa½ ±dito gahaºa½.
Yassa adhigamena nippariy±yato samaº± n±ma honti, so ariyamaggo “samaºassa kamma½ paµipad±”ti katv± s±mañña½, tassa pana phalabh±vato, ±rammaºakaraºavasena araº²yato phalanibb±n±ni s±maññattho. R±ga½ khepet²ti r±gakkhayo, ariyamaggo. R±go kh²yati etth±ti r±gakkhayo, nibb±na½. Phala½ pana k±raº³pac±rena r±gakkhayo daµµhabbo. Dosakkhayo mohakkhayoti etth±pi eseva nayo. S±maññabh³to attho s±maññattho, maggo, s±maññassa atthoti s±maññattho, phalanti ±ha “maggampi phalampi ekato katv± s±maññattho kathito”ti. Tayida½ ukkaµµhaniddesena vutta½. S²l±dipubbabh±gapaµipad±pi hi idha “s±maññattho”ti gahit±. Tenev±ha “sati uttarikaraº²ye”ti. Paµiveday±m²ti punappuna½ ñ±pemi.
417. Kammapathavasenev±ti akusalakammapathabh±veneva, tato t±disampi akusalakamma½ bhikkhussa k±tu½ na yuttanti duµµhullabh±veneva tato oramat²ti adhipp±yo. Sikkh±padabaddhen±ti sikkh±padapaññ±panena. P±n²yaghaµe v± patte v± k±k±na½ hattha½ v± daº¹a½ v± le¹¹u½ v±ti sabbamida½ nidassanamatta½ daµµhabba½. Yattha katthaci hi µhit±na½ aññesampi p±º²na½ uµµh±pan±di sabba½ aniµµhakaraºa½ idha aparisuddhak±yasam±c±rabh±veneva saªgahitanti. Utt±noti uddhamuddha½ tanot²ti utt±no. Eva½bh³to ca kenaci anupp±dabh³miya½ sañj±tas±lakaly±º²khandho viya upar³pari uggatuggato p±kaµo ca hot²ti ±ha “uggato p±kaµo”ti. An±vaµoti anivuto. Ten±ha “asañchanno”ti, nacch±detabboti attho. Ekasadiso visuddhabh±vena. Antarantare chiddarahito pubben±para½ samm±paµipattiy± sandh±nena. Sa½vuto k±yikassa sa½varassa anupakkilesato. Ten±ha “kiles±na½ dv±ra½ pidahanen±”ti.
418. Ettha yath± lahukatara½ k±kuµµh±pan±dik±yakamma½ k±yasam±c±rassa aparisuddhabh±v±vaha½ sallekhavikopanato, micch±vitakkanamattañca manosam±c±rassa, eva½ ya½ kiñci aniyy±nakath±kathanamatta½ vac²sam±c±rassa aparisuddhabh±v±vaha½ sallekhavikopanato, na has±dhipp±yena mus±kathananti daµµhabba½. Has±dhipp±yena hi mus±kathana½ sikkh±padabaddheneva paµikkhittanti.
420. ¾j²vopi ekacco kammapathavasena v±rito labbhati. So pana ati-o¼±riko k±yavac²sam±c±rav±resu vuttanayo ev±ti na gahitoti daµµhabba½. Ye pana “t±diso bhikkh³na½ ayogyato na gahito”ti vadanti, ta½ micch± tath± sati k±yavac²sam±c±rav±repi tassa aggahetabbabh±v±pattito. “Kh±datha pivath±”ti pucch± attano kh±dituk±mat±d²panena, pariy±yakath±bh±vato panes± sallekhavikopan± j±t±.
422. Anesana½ pah±ya dhammena samena paccaye pariyesanto pariyesanamattaññ³ n±ma. D±yakassa deyyadhammassa attano ca pam±ºaññut±paµiggaºhanto paµiggahaºamattaññ³ n±ma. Yoniso paccavekkhitv± paribhuñjanto paribhogamattaññ³ n±ma.
423. Ekasmi½ koµµh±seti majjhimay±masaññite ekasmi½ koµµh±se. “V±mena passena sent²”ti eva½ vutt±. Dakkhiºapassena say±no n±ma natthi dakkhiºahatthassa sar²raggahaº±dipayogakkhamato. Purisavasena ceta½ vutta½.
Tejussadatt±ti imin± s²hassa abh²rukabh±va½ dasseti. Bh²ruk± hi sesamig± attano ±saya½ pavisitv± sant±sapubbaka½ yath± tath± sayanti, s²ho pana abh²rukabh±vato satok±r² bhikkhu viya sati½ upaµµhapetv±va sayati. Ten±ha “dve purimap±de”ti-±di. Seti aby±vaµabh±vena pavattati etth±ti seyy±, catutthajjh±nameva seyy±. Ki½ pana ta½ catutthajjh±nanti? ¾n±p±nacatutthajjh±na½. Tattha hi µhatv± vipassana½ va¹¹hetv± bhagav± anukkamena aggamagga½ adhigato tath±gato j±toti keci, tayida½ padaµµh±na½ n±ma na seyy±. Apare pana “catutthajjh±nasamanantar± bhagav± parinibb±y²”ti vuttapada½ gahetv± “lokiyacatutthajjh±nasam±patti tath±gataseyy±”ti vadanti, tath± sati parinibb±nak±lik± tath±gataseyy±ti ±pajjati, na ca bhagav± catutthajjh±na½ sam±pajjanabahulo vih±si, aggaphalajh±na½ panettha “catutthajjh±nan”ti adhippeta½. Tattha yath± satt±na½ niddupagamanalakkhaº± seyy± bhavaªgacittav±ravasena hoti, tañca tesa½ paµhamaj±tisamanvaya½ yebhuyyavuttika½, eva½ bhagavato ariyaj±tisamanvaya½ yebhuyyavuttika½ aggaphalabh³ta½ catutthajjh±na½ “tath±gataseyy±”ti veditabba½. S²haseyy±ti seµµhaseyy±ti ±ha “uttamaseyy±”ti.
426. Vigatant±n²ti iºam³l±ni. Tesanti iºam³l±na½. Pariyantoti avaseso.
Pavattiniv±raºena catu-iriy±patha½ chindanto. ¾b±dhat²ti p²¼eti. Dukkhitoti sañj±tadukkho. Appa½ bala½ balamatt±. Appattho hi aya½ matt±-saddo “matt±sukhaparicc±g±”ti-±d²su (dha. pa. 290) viya, balavattho pana matt±-saddo anatthantaro. Sesanti “tassa hi bandhan± muttomh²ti ±vajjayato tadubhaya½ hot²”ti-±din± vattabba½ sandh±y±ha. Sabbapades³ti vutt±vasiµµhesu sabbapadesu. Yenak±ma½ yath±ruci gacchat²ti yenak±ma½gamoti anun±sikalopa½ akatv± niddeso. Bhujo attano yath±sukhaviniyogo isso icchitabbo etth±ti bhujisso, s±miko. So pana aparasantakat±ya “attano santako”ti vutto. Dullabha-±pat±ya ka½ t±renti etth±ti kant±roti ±ha “nirudaka½ d²ghamaggan”ti.