8. Mah±taºh±saªkhayasuttavaººan±

396. Laddhimattanti micch±g±hamatta½, na diµµh±bhiniveso. Sassatadiµµh²ti nicc±bhiniveso. Soti ariµµho bhikkhu. Kathetv± samodh±nentanti yojan±. Samodh±nentanti ca nigamentanti attho. Tattha tatthev±ti tesu tesu eva bhavesu nirujjhanti, na bhavantara½ saªkamanti. Viññ±ºa½ pana abhinnasabh±va½ anaññanti adhipp±yo. Idhalokatoti imasm± attabh±v±. Paralokanti parabhavasaññita½ attabh±va½. Sandh±vat²ti niccat±ya kenaci asambaddha½ viya gacchati. Tena idhalokato paralokagamanam±ha. Sa½sarat²ti imin± paralokato idh±gamana½. Sandh±vat²ti v± bhavantarasaªkamanam±ha. Sa½sarat²ti tattha tattha apar±parasañcaraºa½.
“Paccaye sati bhavat²”ti-±din± viññ±ºassa anvayato byatirekato ca paµiccasamuppannabh±va½ dassento sassatabh±va½ paµikkhipati. Buddhena akathita½ kathes²ti imin± “ya½ abh±sita½ alapita½ tath±gatena, ta½ bh±sita½ lapita½ tath±gaten±ti d²pet²”ti (c³¼ava. 352, 353) imasmi½ bhedakaravatthusmi½ sandissat²ti dasseti. Jinacakke pah±ra½ det²ti “tadevida½ viññ±ºa½…pe… anaññan”ti niccata½ paµij±nanto– “sabbe saªkh±r± anicc± (dha. pa. 277), r³pa½, bhikkhave, aniccan”ti (sa½. ni. 3.93-94) ca ±dinayappavatte satthu dhammacakke kh²la½ upp±dento pah±ra½ deti. Sabbaññutaññ±ºena aniccanti diµµha½ paveditañca viññ±ºa½ niccanti paµij±nanto ves±rajjañ±ºa½ paµib±hati. Sotuk±ma½ jananti ariyadhamm±dhigamassa ekanta-up±yabh³ta½ vipassan±magga½ sotuk±ma½ jana½ niccagg±hapaggaºhanena visa½v±deti. Tato eva ariyapathe ariyadhammav²thiya½ tass± paµikkhipanena tiriya½ nipatitv±.
398. Viññ±ºas²sena attan± gahita½ att±na½ vibh±vento “yv±ya½, bhante”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha vado vedeyyoti-±dayo sassatadiµµhiy± eva abhinives±k±r±. Vadat²ti vado, vac²kammassa k±rakoti attho. Imin± hi k±rakabh±vup±yikasatt±na½ hitasukh±vabodhanasamatthata½ attano dasseti. Vediyova vedeyyo, j±n±ti anubhavati c±ti attho. ¿dis±nañhi pad±na½ bahul± kattus±dhanata½ saddavid³ maññanti. Vedayat²ti ta½ ta½ anubhavitabba½ anubhavati. Tahi½ tahinti tesu tesu bhavayonigatiµhitisatt±v±sasattanik±yesu.
399. Ta½ v±da½ paggayha µhitatt± s±tissa chinnapaccayat± aviru¼hadhammat± ca veditabb±. Heµµh±ti alagaddasuttasa½vaººana½ (ma. ni. aµµha. 2.236-237) sandh±y±ha. Parato heµµh±ti vuttaµµh±nepi eseva nayo. P±µiyekko anusandh²ti t²hipi anusandh²hi avomisso visu½yeveko anusandhi. Nanu c±yampi s±tissa ajjh±sayavasena pavattitatt± ajjh±say±nusandhiyev±ti? Na, niyy±namukhena appavattatt±. Niyy±nañhi purakkhatv± pucch±divasena pavatt± itar± desan±pucch±nusandhi-±dayo. Idha tadabh±vato vutta½ “p±µiyekko anusandh²”ti. Paris±ya laddhi½ sodhentoti y±dis² s±tissa laddhi, tadabh±vadassanavasena paris±ya laddhi½ sodhento, paris±ya laddhisodhaneneva s±ti gaºato niss±rito n±ma j±to.
400. Ya½ yadev±ti ida½ yadipi avisesato paccayadhammaggahaºa½, “viññ±ºantveva saªkhya½ gacchat²”ti pana vuttatt± ta½ta½viññ±ºassa samaññ±nimittapaccayaj±ta½ gahitanti daµµhabba½. Tena vutta½ p±¼iya½– “cakkhuviññ±ºantveva saªkhya½ gacchat²”ti-±di. Atha v± ta½ta½dv±raniyata½ itarampi sabba½ tassa tassa viññ±ºassa paccayaj±ta½ idha “ya½ yadev±”ti gahita½, tattha pana ya½ as±dh±raºa½, tena samaññ±ti “cakkhuviññ±ºantvev±”ti-±di vutta½. Dv±rasaªkantiy± abh±vanti viññ±ºassa dv±rantarasaªkamanassa abh±va½. Sv±ya½ o¼±rikanayena mandabuddh²na½ sukh±vabodhanattha½ nayadassanavasena vutto. Na hi kad±ci paccuppanna½ viññ±ºa½ vigacchanta½ anantaraviññ±ºa½ saªkamati anantar±dipaccay±l±bhe tassa anuppajjanato.
Evamev±ti yath± aggi up±d±na½ paµicca jalanto anup±d±no tattheva nibb±yati, na katthaci saªkamati, evameva. “Paccayavekallena tattheva nirujjhat²”ti kasm± vutta½, na hettha anupp±danirodho icchito t±disassa nirodhassa idha anadhippetatt±, atha kho khaºanirodho, so ca s±bh±vikatt± na paccayavekallahetuko? Saccameta½, ta½ta½dv±rikassa pana viññ±ºassa dv±rantara½ asaªkamitv± tattha tattheva nirujjhana½ idh±dhippeta½. Yesañca paccay±na½ vasena dv±rantarikaviññ±ºena bhavitabba½, tesa½ tadabh±vato paccayavekallaggahaºa½, tasm± paccayavekallena na sot±d²ni saªkamitv± sotaviññ±ºanti-±di saªkhya½ gacchat²ti yojan±. Etena ya½ viññ±ºa½ cakkhur³p±dipaccayas±maggiy± vasena cakkhuviññ±ºasaªkhya½ gacchati, tattha tattheva nirujjhati t±vak±likabh±vato, tassa pana sotasadd±dipaccay±bh±vato kuto sotaviññ±º±disamaññ±, evamappavattito tassa kuto saªkamoti dassita½ hoti. Viññ±ºappavatteti viññ±ºappavattiya½. Dv±rasaªkantimattanti dv±rantarasaªkamanamattampi na vad±mi tattha tattheva bhijjanato paccayassa upp±davantato sati ca upp±de avassa½bh±v² nirodhoti hutv± abh±vaµµhena aniccat± d²pit± hot²ti.
401. “Paµiccasamuppanna½ viññ±ºa½ vutta½ may±, aññatra paccay± natthi viññ±ºassa sambhavo”ti p±¼iy± anvayato ca byatirekato ca viññ±ºassa saªkhatat±va dassit±ti ±ha “sappaccayabh±va½ dassetv±”ti. Hetupaccayehi j±ta½ nibbatta½ “bh³tan”ti idh±dhippeta½, ta½ atthato pañcakkhandh± tabbinimuttassa sappaccayassa abh±vato, yañca khandhapañcaka½ attano tesañca bhikkh³na½, ta½ “bh³tamidan”ti bhagav± avoc±ti ±ha “ida½ khandhapañcakan”ti. Attano phala½ ±harat²ti ±h±ro, paccayo. Sambhavati etasm±ti sambhavo, ±h±ro sambhavo etass±ti ±h±rasambhava½. Ten±ha “paccayasambhavan”ti. Tassa paccayassa nirodh±ti yena avijj±din± paccayena khandhapañcaka½ sambhavati, tassa paccayassa anupp±danirodh±. Khaºanirodho pana k±raºanirapekkho.
Noss³ti sa½sayajotano nip±toti ±ha “bh³ta½ nu kho ida½, na nu kho bh³tan”ti. Bh³tamida½ noss³ti ca imin± khandhapañcakameva nu kho ida½, ud±hu attattaniyanti eva½j±tiko sa½sayan±k±ro gahito. Tad±h±rasambhava½ noss³ti pana imin± sahetuka½ nu kho ida½ bh³ta½, ud±hu ahetukanti yath± ahetukabh±v±panno sa½sayan±k±ro gahito, eva½ visamahetukabh±v±pannopi sa½sayan±k±ro gahitoti daµµhabba½. Visamahetunopi paramatthato bh³tassa ahetukabh±vato. Visamahetuv±dopi parehi parikappitamattat±ya sabh±vaniyatiyadicch±div±dehi sam±nayogakkhamoti. Nirodhadhamma½ noss³ti imin± yath± anicca½ nu kho ida½ bh³ta½, ud±hu niccanti aniccata½ paµicca sa½sayan±k±ro gahito, eva½ dukkha½ nu kho, ud±hu na dukkha½, anatt± nu kho, ud±hu na anatt±tipi sa½sayan±k±ro gahitoyev±ti daµµhabba½ aniccassa dukkhabh±v±di-avassa½bh±vato, nicce ca tadubhay±bh±vato. Y±th±vasarasalakkhaºatoti avipar²tasarasato salakkhaºato ca, kiccato ceva sabh±vato c±ti attho. Vipassan±ya adhiµµh±nabh³t±pi paññ± vipassan± ev±ti vutta½ “vipassan±paññ±y±”ti. Sarasatoti ca sabh±vato. Salakkhaºatoti s±maññalakkhaºato. Ten±ha “vipassan±paññ±ya samm± passantass±”ti. Vuttanayenev±ti “y±th±vasarasalakkhaºato”ti vuttanayeneva. Ye yeti tassa½ paris±ya½ ye ye bhikkh³. Sallakkhesunti sammadeva upadh±resu½.
Teh²ti tehi bhikkh³hi. Tatth±ti tissa½ vipassan±paññ±ya½. Nittaºhabh±vanti taºh±bh±va½ “eta½ maman”ti taºh±gg±hassa pah²nata½. Etenapi bhagav± “aha½, bhikkhave, dhammesupi taºh±pah±nameva vaººemi, s±ti pana moghapuriso attabh±vepi taºh±sa½vaddhani½ vipar²tadiµµhi½ paggayha tiµµhat²”ti s±ti½ niggaºh±ti. Sabh±vadassanen±ti dhamm±na½ avipar²tasabh±vadassanena. Paccayadassanen±ti k±raºadassanena anavasesato hetuno paccayassa ca dassanena. All²yeth±ti taºh±diµµhivasena nissayetha. Ten±ha “taºh±diµµh²h²”ti. Kel±yeth±ti pariharaºake¼iy± parihareyy±tha. Ten±ha “k²¼am±n± vihareyy±th±”ti. Dhana½ viya icchant±ti dhana½ viya drabya½ viya iccha½ taºha½ janent±. Ten±ha “gedha½ ±pajjeyy±th±”ti. Mamatta½ upp±deyy±th±ti “mamamidan”ti taºh±diµµhivasena abhinivesa½ janeyy±tha. Nikantivasenapi gahaºatth±ya no desito, tassa v± saºhasukhumassa vipassan±dhammassa gahaºa½ n±ma nikantiy± eva siy±, na o¼±rikataºh±y±ti vutta½ “nikantivasen±”ti.
402. Paµicca etasm± phala½ et²ti paccayo, sabbo k±raºavisesoti ±ha “khandh±na½ paccaya½ dassento”ti. Y±va avijj± hi sabbo nesa½ k±raºaviseso idha dassito. Puna ±dito paµµh±ya y±va pariyos±n±, antato paµµh±ya y±va ±d²ti anulomato paµilomato ca vaµµavivaµµadassanavasena n±n±nayehi paµiccasamupp±do dassito, niccagg±hassa nimittabh³to kilesopi idha natth²ti d²peti. Tampi vuttatthamev±ti tampi “ime ca, bhikkhave, catt±ro ±h±r±”ti-±di y±va “taºh±pabhav±”ti p±¼ipada½, t±va vuttatthameva samm±diµµhisuttavaººan±ya½ (ma. ni. aµµha. 1.89). Sesa½ paµiccasamupp±dakath±bh±vato visuddhimagge (visuddhi. 2.570) vitth±rit±v±ti imin±va saªgahita½.
404. Imasmi½ sati ida½ hot²ti-±d²su ya½ vattabba½, ta½ paramatthad²paniya½ ud±naµµhakath±ya½ (ud±. aµµha. 1) vuttanayeneva veditabba½.
407. Paµidh±van±ti paµisaraºa½, pubbe attano ±gata½ at²ta½ addh±na½ uddissa taºh±diµµhivasena paµigamananti attho. Nanu vicikicch±vasena p±¼iya½ paµidh±van± ±gat±ti? Sacca½ ±gat±, s± pana taºh±diµµhihetuk±ti “taºh±diµµhivasen±”ti vutta½. Tatth±ti tasmi½ yath±dhigate ñ±ºadassane.
Niccalabh±vanti suppatiµµhitabh±va½, titthiyav±dav±tehi akampiyabh±vañca. Gar³ti garuguºayutto. Bh±riko p±s±ºacchattasadiso. Ak±m± anuvattitabboti saddh±mattakeneva anuvattanam±ha, na aveccappas±dena. Kiccanti satthukicca½. Br±hmaº±nanti j±timantabr±hmaº±na½. Vatasam±d±n±n²ti magavat±divatasam±d±n±ni. Diµµhikut³hal±n²ti ta½ta½diµµhigg±havasena “ida½ sacca½, ida½ saccan”ti-±din± gahetabbakut³hal±ni. Eva½ nissaµµh±n²ti yath± may± tumh±ka½ ov±do dinno, eva½ nissaµµh±ni vat±d²ni ta½ atikkamitv± ki½ gaºheyy±tha. Saya½ ñ±ºena ñ±tanti paraneyyata½ muñcitv± attano eva ñ±ºena y±th±vato ñ±ta½. Eva½bh³tañca saya½ paccakkhato diµµha½ n±ma hot²ti ±ha “saya½ paññ±cakkhun± diµµhan”ti. Saya½ vibh±vitanti tehi bhikkh³hi tassa atthassa paccatta½ vibh³tabh±va½ ±p±dita½. Upan²t±ti upakkamena dhammadesan±nus±rena n²t±. May±ti kattari karaºavacana½. Dhammen±ti k±raºena. Eta½ vacananti eta½ “sandiµµhiko”ti-±divacana½.
408. Ta½ sammohaµµh±na½ assa lokassa. Samodh±nen±ti sam±gamena. Gabbhati attabh±vabh±vena vattat²ti gabbho, kalal±di-avattho dhammapabandho, tannissitatt± pana sattasant±no “gabbho”ti vutto yath± “mañc± ukkuµµhi½ karont²”ti. Tannissayabh±vato m±tukucchi “gabbho”ti veditabbo, gabbho viy±ti v±. Yath± hi niv±saµµh±nat±ya satt±na½ ovarako “gabbho”ti vuccati, eva½ gabbhaseyyak±na½ y±va abhij±ti niv±saµµh±nat±ya m±tukucchi “gabbho”ti vuttoti.
Yamekarattinti yassa½ ekarattiya½. Bhummatthe hi ida½ upayogavacana½, accantasa½yoge v±. Paµhamanti sabbapaµhama½ paµisandhikkhaºe. Gabbheti m±tukucchiya½. M±ºavoti satto. Yebhuyyena satt± rattiya½ paµisandhi½ gaºhant²ti rattiggahaºa½. Abbhuµµhitov±ti uµµhita-abbho viya, abhimukhabh±vena v± uµµhito eva maraºass±ti adhipp±yo. So y±t²ti so m±ºavo y±ti paµhamakkhaºato paµµh±ya gacchateva. Sa gaccha½ na nivattat²ti so eva½ gacchanto khaºamattampi na nivattati, aññadatthu maraºameva upagacchat²ti g±th±ya attho.
Utusamaya½ sandh±ya vutta½, na lokasamaññ±tarajassa lagganadivasamatta½. Id±ni vuttamevattha½ p±kaµatara½ k±tu½ “m±tug±massa kira yasmin”ti-±di vutta½. Tatth±ti tasmi½ gabbh±saye. Saºµhahitv±ti nibbattitv±. Bhijjitv±ti aggahitagabbh± eva bhinn± hutv±. Ayañhi tass± sabh±vo. Vatthu suddha½ hot²ti paggharitalohitatt± an±mayatt± ca gabbh±sayo suddho hoti. Suddhavatthutt± tato para½ katipayadivas±ni khettameva hoti gabbhasaºµhahanassa parittassa lohitalesassa vijjam±natt±. Sambhavassa pana katha½ sabbh±voti ±ha “tasmi½ samaye”ti-±di. Itthisant±nepi sukkadh±tu labbhateva. Ten±ha “aªgapar±masanenapi d±rako nibbattatiyev±”ti. Yath± p±rik±ya n±bhipar±masanena s±massa bodhisattassa, diµµhamaªgalik±ya n±bhipar±masanena maº¹abyassa nibbatti. Gandhabboti gandhanato uppajjanagatiy± nimittupaµµh±panena s³canato gandhoti laddhan±mena bhavag±mikammun± abbati pavattat²ti gandhabbo, tattha uppajjanakasatto. Ten±ha “tatr³pagasatto”ti. Kammayantayantitoti tatr³papatti-±vahena kammasaªkh±tena pellanakayantena tathatt±ya pellito upan²to. Mahantena j²vitasa½sayen±ti vij±yanaparikkilesena “j²viss±mi kho, na nu kho j²viss±mi aha½ v±, putto v± me”ti eva½ pavattena j²vitasa½sayena vipulena garutarena sa½sayena. Ta½ µh±nanti thanappadesam±ha. K²¼anti ten±ti k²¼ana½, k²¼anameva k²¼anaka½.
409. S±rajjat²ti s±rattacitto hoti. By±pajjat²ti by±pannacitto hoti. K±ye kes±didvatti½s±sucisamud±ye ta½sabh±v±rammaº± sati k±yasati. Anupaµµhapetv±ti anupp±detv±, yath±sabh±vato k±ya½ anupadh±retv±ti attho. Parittacetasoti kilesehi parito khaº¹itacitto. Ten±ha “akusalacitto”ti. Ete akusaladhamm±. Nirujjhant²ti nirodha½ patt± honti. Taºh±vasena abhinandat²ti sapp²tikataºh±vasena abhimukha½ hutv± nandati. Abhivadat²ti taºh±vasena ta½ ta½ ±rammaºa½ abhinivissa vadati. Ajjhos±y±ti anaññas±dh±raºa½ viya ±rammaºa½ taºh±vasena anupavisitv±. Ten±ha “gilitv± pariniµµhapetv±”ti. Dukkha½ katha½ abhinandat²ti ettha dukkhahetuka½ abhinandanto dukkha½ abhinandati n±m±ti daµµhabba½. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana y±vat± yassa dukkhe diµµhitaºh± abhinandan± appah²n±, t±vat±ya½ dukkha½ abhinandati n±m±ti dassetu½ “aha½ dukkhito mama dukkhanti gaºhanto abhinandati n±m±”ti vutta½. Tena g±hadvayahetuk± tattha abhinandan±ti dasseti. Puna ekav±ranti punapi ekav±ra½. Phalahetusandhihetuphalasandhivasena dvisandh². “Gabbhass±vakkanti hot²”ti-±din± atthato sar³pato ca etarahi phalasaªkhepassa. Sar³peneva ca itaradvayassa desitatt± ±ha “tisaªkhepan”ti.
410-414. Samathay±nikassa bhikkhuno vedan±mukhena saªkhepeneva y±va arahatt± kammaµµh±na½ idha kathitanti ±ha “sa½khittena taºh±saªkhayavimutti½ dh±reth±”ti. “Ima½ taºh±saªkhayavimuttin”ti ca bhagav± yath±desita½ desana½ avoc±ti vutta½ “ima½…pe… vimuttidesanan”ti Yadi eva½ katha½ desan± vimutt²ti ±ha “desan± hi…pe… vimutt²ti vutt±”ti. Yass± taºh±ya vasena s±ti bhikkhu sassatagg±hamah±saªgh±µapaµimukko, s± sabbabuddh±na½ desan± hatth±valambam±nepi duruggh±µiy± j±t±ti ±ha “mah±taºh±j±lataºh±saªgh±µapaµimukkan”ti. Mah±taºh±j±leti mahante taºh±jaµe. Taºh±saªgh±µeti taºh±ya saªgh±µe. Tath±bh³to ca tassa abbhantare kato n±ma hot²ti ±ha “anupaviµµho antogadho”ti. Sesa½ suviññeyyameva.

Mah±taºh±saªkhayasuttavaººan±ya l²natthappak±san± samatt±.