Sekkhav±radutiyanayavaººan±

7. Adhippetassa atthassa aniyametv± vacana½ uddeso, niyametv± vacana½ niddesoti ±ha “yoti uddesavacana½, soti niddesavacanan”ti. Sampiº¹anatthoti samuccayattho. Sampiº¹anañca sabh±gat±vasena hot²ti ±ha– “±rammaºasabh±gen±”ti, ±rammaºassa sabh±gat±ya sadisat±y±ti attho. Sekkha½ dasseti s±maññajotan±ya visese avaµµh±nato, sekkhavisayatt± ca tassa vacanassa.
Kenaµµhen±ti yasm± ñ±ºena araº²yato attho sabh±vo, tasm± kenaµµhena kena sabh±vena kena lakkhaºena sekkho n±ma hot²ti attho. Yasm± pana sekkhadhamm±dhigamena puggale sekkhavoh±rappavatti, tasm± “sekkhadhammapaµil±bhato sekkho”ti vutta½. Sekkhadhamm± n±ma cat³su maggesu, heµµhimesu ca t²su phalesu samm±diµµhi-±dayo. Ten±ha “sekkh±ya samm±diµµhiy±…pe… ett±vat± kho bhikkhu sekkho hot²”ti. Eva½ abhidhammapariy±yena sekkhalakkhaºa½ dassetv± id±ni suttantikapariy±yenapi ta½ dassetu½ “apic±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha sikkhat²ti imin± sikkh±ttayasamaªg² apariniµµhitasikkho sekkhoti dasseti. Ten±ha “sikkhat²”ti-±di Sikkh±hi niccasam±yogad²panatthañcettha “sikkhati sikkhat²”ti ±me¹itavacana½. Atha v± sikkhana½ sikkh±, s± etassa s²lanti sekkho. So hi apariyositasikkhatt± tadadhimuttatt± ca ekantena sikkhanas²lo, na asekkho viya pariniµµhitasikkho tattha paµippassaddhussukko, n±pi vissaµµhasikkho pacurajano viya tattha anadhimutto. Atha v± ariy±ya j±tiy± t²su sikkh±su j±to, tattha v± bhavoti sekkho. Atha v± ikkhati et±y±ti ikkh±, maggaphalasamm±diµµhi. Saha ikkh±y±ti sekkho.
Anulomapaµipad±ya parip³rak±r²ti y± s± s²l±dik± vipassanant± dukkhanirodhag±miniy± lokuttar±ya paµipad±ya anulomanato anulomapaµipad±, tass± samp±danena parip³rak±r²ti. Id±ni ta½ paµipada½ puggal±dhiµµh±nena dassetu½ “s²lasampanno”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha s²lasampannoti p±timokkhasa½varas²lena samann±gato, paripuººap±timokkhas²lo v±. P±timokkhas²lañhi idha “s²lan”ti adhippeta½ padh±nabh±vato. R³p±di-±rammaºesu abhijjh±d²na½ pavattiniv±raºasaªkh±tena manacchaµµh±na½ indriy±na½ pidh±nena indriyesu guttadv±ro. Pariyesan±divasena bhojane pam±ºaj±nanena bhojane mattaññ³. Vigatathinamiddho hutv± rattindiva½ kammaµµh±namanasik±re yuttat±ya j±gariy±nuyogamanuyutto. Katha½ pana j±gariy±nuyogo hot²ti ta½ dassetu½ “pubbaratt±…pe… viharat²”ti vutta½. Yath±ha “kathañca pubbaratt±pararatta½ j±gariy±nuyogamanuyutto hoti? Idha bhikkhu divasa½ caªkamena nisajj±ya ±varaº²yehi citta½ parisodheti, rattiy± paµhama½ y±ma½ caªkamena…pe… sodheti, eva½ kho bhikkhu pubbaratt±pararatta½ j±gariy±nuyogamanuyutto hot²”ti (vibha. 519). Imasmi½ panattheti “maññati, na maññat²”ti ca vattabbabh±vasaªkh±te atthe. No puthujjano adhippeto “appattam±naso, anuttara½ yogakkhema½ patthayam±no”ti ca vuttatt±.
Sampayuttatt± manasi bhavoti r±go m±naso, mano eva m±nasanti katv± citta½ m±nasa½, anavasesato m±na½ s²yati samucchindat²ti aggamaggo m±nasa½, tannibbattatt± pana arahattassa m±nasat± daµµhabb±. Janesut±ti jane sakalasattaloke vissut±, patthaµayas±ti attho.
Natthi ito uttaranti anuttara½. Ta½ pana sabbaseµµha½ honta½ ekantato sadisarahitameva hoti, tasm± vutta½ “anuttaranti seµµha½, asadisanti attho”ti. Patthayam±nass±ti taºh±yantassa. Pajappit±n²ti m±najappan±ni. Yasmiñhi vatthusmi½ taºh±yan± patthayam±namaññan± sambhavati, tasmi½yeva “seyyohamasm²”ti-±d²ni pajappit±ni sambhavant²ti adhipp±yo. Pavedh²tanti pariv±sita½. Pakappites³ti taºh±diµµhikappehi parikappitesu ±rammaºesu. Sotanti kilesasota½ Tasmiñhi chinne itarasota½ chinnamev±ti. Viddhastanti vin±sita½. Tañca kho lomaha½samattampi asesetv±ti dassento ±ha “vina¼²katan”ti, vigat±vasesa½ katanti attho. Adhimuttiy± idh±dhippetapatthan± p±kaµ± hot²ti “tanninno”ti-±di vutta½, na pana kusalacchandassa adhimuttibh±vato. Adhimuccantoti okappento.
Sabb±k±ravipar²t±y±ti “subha½ sukha½ niccan”ti-±d²na½ sabbesa½ attan± gahetabb±k±r±na½ vasena tabbipar²tat±ya, anavasesato dhammasabh±vavipar²t±k±rag±hiniy±ti attho. Abhivisiµµhena ñ±ºen±ti asampaj±nanamicch±j±nan±ni viya na dhammasabh±va½ appatv± n±pi atikkamitv±, atha kho avirajjhitv± dhammasabh±vassa abhimukhabh±vappattiy± abhivisiµµhena ñ±ºena, ñ±tapariññ±dhiµµh±n±ya t²raºapariññ±ya pah±napariññekadesena c±ti attho. Ten±ha “pathav²ti…pe… vutta½ hot²”ti. Pathav²bh±vanti pathaviya½ abhiññeyyabh±va½. Lakkhaºapathav² hi idh±dhippet±, pariññeyyabh±vo panass± “anicc±tip²”ti-±din± gahitoti. Abhiññatv±ti ñ±tat²raºapah±napariññ±hi heµµhimamaggañ±ºehi ca abhij±nitv±. M±maññ²ti appah²n±na½ maññan±na½ vasena m±ti maññat²ti m±, pah²n±na½ pana vasena na maññat²ti amaññ², m± ca so amaññ² ca m±maññ²ti evamettha padavibh±gato attho veditabbo. Tattha yena bh±gena amaññ², tena maññ²ti na vattabbo. Yena pana bh±gena maññ², tena amaññ²ti na vattabboti. Eva½ paµikkhepappadh±na½ attha½ dassetu½ aµµhakath±ya½ “maññ² ca na maññ² ca na vattabbo”ti vutta½. Paµikkhepappadh±nat± cettha labbham±n±nampi maññan±na½ dubbalabh±vato veditabb±. Tenev±ha– “itar± pana tanubh±va½ gat±”ti. ti ca nip±tapadameta½, anekatth± ca nip±t±ti adhipp±yena “etasmiñhi atthe ima½ pada½ nip±tetv± vuttan”ti vutta½. Nip±tetv±ti ca pakati-±divibh±ganiddh±raºe anum±nanaya½ muñcitv± yath±vutte atthe paccakkhatova dassetv±ti attho. Puthujjano viy±ti etenassa uparimaggavajjhataºh±m±navasena maññan± na paµikkhitt±ti d²peti.
Atha v± m± maññ²ti parikappakiriy±paµikkhepavacanameta½ “m± randhayu½, m± j²r²”ti-±d²su viya, na maññeyy±ti vuttañhoti. Yath± hi puthujjano sabbaso appah²namaññanatt± “maññati”cceva vattabbo, yath± ca kh²º±savo sabbaso pah²namaññanatt± na maññati eva, na eva½ sekkho. Tassa hi ekacc± maññan± pah²n±, ekacc± appah²n±, tasm± ubhayabh±vato ubhayath±pi na vattabbo. Nanu ca ubhayabh±vato ubhayath±pi vattabboti? Na. Y± hi appah²n±, t±pissa tanubh±va½ gat±ti t±hipi so na maññeyya vibh³tatar±ya maññan±ya abh±vato, pageva itar±hi. Ten±ha bhagav± “m± maññ²”ti. Tena vutta½ “m± maññ²ti parikappakiriy±paµikkhepavacanameta½ ‘m± randhayu½, m± j²r²’ti-±d²su viya, na maññeyy±ti vutta½ hot²”ti. Ayañcassa amaññan± vatthuno pariññeyyatt±, na asekkhassa viya pariññ±tatt±. Yañhi ekantato parij±nitabba½ parij±nitu½ sakk±, na tattha tabbidhure viya puthujjanassa maññan± sambhavanti. Ten±ha “pariññeyya½ tass±ti vad±m²”ti.
Okkantaniy±matt±ti anupaviµµhasammattaniy±matt±, otiººamaggasotatt±ti attho. Sambodhipar±yaºatt±ti uparimaggasambodhipaµisaraºatt±, tadadhigam±ya ninnapoºapabbh±rabh±vatoti attho. Ubhayenapi tassa avassa½bh±vin² sesapariññ±ti dasseti. Pariññeyyanti parij±nitabbabh±vena µhita½, pariññ±tu½ v± sakkuºeyya½. Tappaµipakkhato apariññeyya½. Puthujjanassa viy±ti etena idh±dhippetaputhujjanassa pariññeyyabh±v±saªk± eva natthi anadhik±ratoti dasseti. “M±bhinand²”ti etth±pi imin±va nayena attho veditabbo.

Sekkhav±radutiyanayavaººan± niµµhit±.