6. Mah±saccakasuttavaººan±

364. Eka½ samaya½ bhagav± ves±liya½ viharat²ti imin± tad± bhagavato ves±liya½ niv±saparicchinno pubbaºh±dibhedo sabbo samayo s±dh±raºato gahito, tath± tena kho pana samayen±ti ca imin±. Pubbaºhasamayanti pana imin± tabbiseso, yo bhikkh±c±ratth±ya paccavekkhaºak±lo. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana “t²hi padehi ekova samayo vutto”ti vutta½ visesassa s±maññantogadhatt±. Mukhadhovanassa pubbak±lakiriy±bh±vas±maññato vutta½ “mukha½ dhovitv±”ti. Mukha½ dhovitv± eva hi v±sadhuro ce, vela½ sallakkhetv± yath±ciººa½ bh±van±nuyoga½, ganthadhuro ce, ganthaparicaye katipaye nisajjav±re anuyuñjitv± pattac²vara½ ±d±ya vitakkam±¼a½ upagacchati.
K±raºa½ yutta½, anucchavikanti attho. Pubbe yath±cintita½ pañha½ apucchitv± añña½ pucchanto magga½ µhapetv± ummaggato parivattento viya hot²ti ±ha “passena t±va pariharanto”ti.
365. Ðrukkhambhopi n±ma bhavissat²ti ettha n±ma-saddo vimhayatthoti katv± vutta½ “vimhayatthavasen±”ti-±di. “Andho n±ma pabbata½ abhiruhissat²”ti-±d²su viya vimhayav±c²saddayogena hi “bhavissat²”ti an±gatavacana½. K±yanvayanti k±y±nugata½. “Ayampi kho k±yo eva½dhammo eva½bh±v² eva½anat²to”ti-±din± (d². ni. 2.379; ma. ni. 1.112; ma. ni. 3.154) k±yassa asubh±nicc±dit±ya anupassan± k±yabh±van±ti ±ha “k±yabh±van±ti pana vipassan± vuccat²”ti. An±gatar³panti abh²te atthe an±gatasadd±ropana½ an±gatappayogo na sameti. Atthop²ti “³rukkhambhopi n±ma bhavissat²”ti vutta-atthopi na sameti. Ayanti attakilamath±nuyogo. Tesanti nigaºµh±na½.
366. Attano adhippetak±yabh±vana½ vitth±rento vitth±rato dassento ye ta½ anuyutt±, te n±magottato vibh±vento “nando vaccho”ti-±dim±ha. Kiliµµhatap±nanti k±yassa kilesanatap±na½ puggal±na½. J±tamedanti medabh±v±pattivasena uppannameda½. Purima½ pah±y±ti k±laparicchedena an±h±ra-app±h±rat±divasena k±yassa apacinana½ khedana½ pariccajitv±. K±yabh±van± pana na paññ±yat²ti niyama½ paramatthato k±yabh±van±pi tava ñ±ºena na ñ±yati, sesatopi na dissati.
367. Imasmi½ pana µh±neti “k±yabh±vanampi kho tva½, aggivessana, na aññ±si, kuto pana tva½ cittabh±vana½ j±nissas²”ti imasmi½ µh±ne. Tath± “yo tva½ eva½ o¼±rika½ dubbala½ k±yabh±vana½ na j±n±si, so tva½ kuto santasukhuma½ cittabh±vana½ j±nissas²”ti etasmi½ atthavaººan±µh±ne. Abuddhavacana½ n±meta½ padanti k±yabh±van±saññitavipassan±to cittabh±van± sant±, vipassan± pana p±dakajjh±nato o¼±rik± ceva dubbal± c±ti ayañca etassa padassa attho. “Abuddhavacana½ n±meta½ vacana½ siy±”ti vatv± thero pakkamitu½ ±rabhati. Atha na½ mah±s²vatthero “vipassan± n±mes± na ±dito subr³hit± balavat² tikkh± visad± hoti, tasm± taruºavasen±yamattho veditabbo”ti dassento “dissati, bhikkhave”ti suttapada½ (sa½. ni. 2.62) ±hari. Tattha ±d±nanti paµisandhi. Nikkhepananti cuti. O¼±rikanti ar³padhammehi duµµhullabh±vatt± o¼±rika½. K±yanti catusantatir³pasam³habh³ta½ k±ya½. O¼±rikanti bh±vanapu½sakaniddeso, o¼±rik±k±ren±ti attho. Teneva vutta½ “±d±nampi nikkhepanamp²”ti.
368. Sukhas±r±gena samann±gatoti sukhavedan±ya balavatarar±gena samaªg²bh³to. Paµµh±ne paµisiddh± avacaneneva. Tasm±ti sukhe µhite eva dukkhass±nuppajjanato. Eva½ vuttanti “sukh±ya vedan±ya nirodh± uppajjati dukkh± vedan±”ti eva½ vutta½, na anantar±va uppajjanato. Khepetv±ti kusal±ni khepetv±. Gaºhitv± attano eva ok±sa½ gahetv±. Ubhatopakkha½ hutv±ti “kad±ci sukhavedan±, kad±ci dukkhavedan±”ti pakkhadvayavasenapi vedan± cittassa pariy±d±ya hoti yath±kkama½ abh±vitak±yassa abh±vitacittassa.
369. Vipassan± ca sukhassa paccan²k±ti sukkhavipassakassa-±dikammikassa mah±bh³tapariggah±dik±le bahi cittac±ra½ nisedhetv± kammaµµh±ne eva sati½ sa½harantassa aladdhass±da½ k±yasukha½ na vindati, samb±dhe vaje sanniruddho gogaºo viya vihaññati vipphandati, acc±sannahetukañca sar²re dukkha½ uppajjateva. Tena vutta½ “dukkhassa ±sann±”ti. Ten±ha “vipassana½ paµµhapetv±”ti-±di. Addh±ne gacchante gacchanteti mah±bh³tapariggah±divasena k±le gacchante. Tattha tatth±ti tasmi½ tasmi½ sar²rapadese. Dukkha½ d³r±pagata½ hoti sam±pattibalena vikkhambhitatt± appan±bh±vato. Anappaka½ vipula½. Sukhanti jh±nasukha½ Okkamat²ti jh±nasamuµµh±napaº²tar³pavasena r³pak±ya½ anupavisati, n±mak±yokkamane vattabbameva natthi. K±yapassaddhikammikassapi sammasanabh±van± paµµhapetv± nisinnassa kassaci ±ditova k±yakilamathacittupagh±t±pi sambhavanti, sam±dhissa pana apaccan²katt± siniddhabh±vato ca na sukkhavipassan± viya sukhassa vipaccan²ko, anukkamena ca dukkha½ vikkhambhet²ti ±ha “yath± sam±dh²”ti. Yath± sam±dhi, vipassan±ya paneta½ natth²ti ±ha “na ca tath± vipassan±”ti. Tena vuttanti yasm± vipassan± sukhassa paccan²k±, s± ca k±yabh±van±, tena vutta½ “uppann±pi sukh± vedan± citta½ na pariy±d±ya tiµµhati, bh±vitatt± k±yass±”ti. Tath± yasm± sam±dhi dukkhassa paccan²ko, so ca cittabh±van±, tena vutta½ “uppann±pi dukkh± vedan± citta½ na pariy±d±ya tiµµhati, bh±vitatt± cittass±”ti yojan±.
370. Guºe ghaµµetv±ti apadesena vin± sam²pameva netv±. Ta½ vata mama citta½ uppann± sukh± vedan± pariy±d±ya µhassat²ti neta½ µh±na½ vijjat²ti yojan±.
371. Ki½ na bhavissati, sukh±pi dukkh±pi vedan± yath±paccaya½ uppajjatev±ti attho. Tamatthanti sukhadukkhavedan±na½ uppattiy± attano cittassa anabhibhavan²yat±saªkh±ta½ attha½. Tattha t±va p±sar±sisutte bodhipallaªke nisajj± “tattheva nis²din”ti vutt±. Idha mah±saccakasutte dukkarak±rik±ya dukkaracaraºe nisajj± “tattheva nis²din”ti vutt±.
374. Chandakaraºavasen±ti taºh±yanavasen±ti attho. Sinehakaraºavasen±ti sinehanavasena. Mucch±karaºavasen±ti mohanavasena pam±d±p±danena. Vip±s±karaºavasen±ti p±tukamyat±vasena. Anudahanavasen±ti r±gaggin± anudahanavasena. Lokuttaramaggavevacanameva vaµµanissaraºassa adhippetatt±.
Allaggahaºena kiles±na½ asamucchinnabh±va½ dasseti, sasnehaggahaºena avikkhambhitabh±va½, udake pakkhittabh±vaggahaºena samud±c±r±vattha½, udumbarakaµµhaggahaºena attabh±vassa as±rakatta½. Imin±va nayen±ti “alla½ udumbarakaµµhan”ti-±din± vuttanayena. Saputtabhariyapabbajj±y±ti puttabhariyehi saddhi½ kataparibb±jakapabbajj±vasena veditabb±. Kuµ²cakabah³dakaha½sa-paramaha½s±dibhed± br±hmaºapabbajj±.
376. Kutopi imassa ±posineho natth²ti ko¼±pa½. Ten±ha “chinnasineha½ nir±pan”ti. Ko¼anti v± sukkhakaliªgara½ vuccati, ko¼a½ ko¼abh±va½ ±pannanti ko¼±pa½. Paµipannassa upakkamamahattanissitat± pakatiy± kilesehi anabhibh³tat±ya. Atintat± paµipakkhabh±van±ya. Tath± hi sukkhako¼±pabh±vo, ±rak± udak± thale nikkhittabh±vo ca nidassito. Opakkamik±h²ti kilesa-atiniggaºhanupakkamappabhav±hi. Vedan±h²ti paµipattivedan±hi. Dukkh± paµipad± hi idh±dhippet±.
377. Ki½ pana na samattho, yato eva½ parehi cintitumpi asakkuºeyya½ dukkaracariya½ chabbass±ni ak±s²ti adhipp±yo. Katv±pi akatv±pi samatthova k±raºassa nipphannatt±. “Yath±pi sabbesampi kho bodhisatt±na½ carimabhave antamaso satt±hamattampi dhammat±vasena dukkaracariy± hotiyeva, eva½ bhagav± samattho dukkaracariya½ k±tu½, evañca na½ ak±si, na pana t±ya buddho j±to, atha kho majjhim±ya eva paµipattiy±”ti tass± byatirekamukhena sadevakassa lokassa bodh±ya amaggabh±vad²panattha½, imassa pana bhagavato kammavip±kavasena chabbass±ni dukkaracariy± ahosi. Vuttañheta½–
“Avac±ha½ jotip±lo, kassapa½ sugata½ tad±;
kuto nu bodhi muº¹assa, bodhi paramadullabh±.
Tena kammavip±kena, acari½ dukkara½ bahu½;
chabbass±nuruvel±ya½, tato bodhimap±puºi½.
N±ha½ etena maggena, p±puºi½ bodhimuttama½;
kumaggena gavesissa½, pubbakammena v±rito”ti.
Dukkaracariy±ya bodh±ya amaggabh±vadassanattha½ dukkaracariya½ ak±s²ti keci. Atha v± lokan±thassa attano parakkamasampattidassanatth±ya dukkaracariy±. Paº²t±dhimuttiy± hi paramukka½sagatabh±vato abhin²h±r±nur³pa½ sambodhiya½ tibbachandat±ya sikh±ppattiy± tadattha½ ²disampi n±ma dukkaracariya½ ak±s²ti loke attano v²riy±nubh±va½ vibh±vetu½– “so ca me pacch± p²tisomanass±vaho bhavissat²”ti lokan±tho dukkaracariya½ ak±si. Ten±ha “sadevakassa lokass±”ti-±di. Tattha v²riyanimmathanaguºoti v²riyassa sa½va¹¹hanasamp±danaguºo. Yath±vuttamattha½ upam±ya vibh±vetu½ “p±s±de”ti-±di vutta½. Saªg±me dve tayo sampah±reti dvikkhattu½ tikkhattu½ v± parasen±ya pah±rapayoge. Padh±nav²riyanti sammappadh±nehi ±sevanav²riya½, sabba½ v± pubbabh±gav²riya½.
Abhidantanti abhibhavanadanta½, uparidantanti attho. Ten±ha “uparidantan”ti. So hi itara½ musala½ viya udukkhala½ visesato kassaci kh±danak±le abhibhuyya vattati. Kusalacitten±ti balavasamm±saªkappayuttena kusalacittena. Akusalacittanti k±mavitakk±disahita½ akusalacitta½. Akusalacittassa pavattitu½ appad±na½ niggaho. Ta½ta½paµikkhepavasena vinodana½ abhinipp²¼ana½. V²riyat±pena vikkhambhana½ abhisant±pana½. Sadarathoti sapari¼±ho. Padh±nen±ti padahanena, k±yassa kilamathupp±dakena v²riyen±ti attho. Viddhass±ti tudassa. Satoti sam±nassa.
378. S²saveµhananti s²sa½ rajjuy± bandhitv± daº¹akena parivattakaveµhana½. Arahanto n±ma evar³p± hont²ti imin± yath±ya½, eva½ visaññ²bh³t±pi hutv± viharant²ti dasseti. Ten±ha “matakasadis±”ti, vedan±ppatt± viya hont²ti attho. Supinappaµiggahaºato paµµh±y±ti paµisandhiggahaºe setav±raºasupina½ passitv± br±hmaºehi by±katak±lato paµµh±ya.
379. Dhammasar²rassa arogabh±vena s±dh³ti marisaniyoti m±riso, piy±yanavacanameta½. Ten±ha “sampiy±yam±n±”ti-±di. Ajajjitanti eva½ abhuñjita½ bhak±rassa jak±r±desa½ katv±. Ten±ha “abhojanan”ti. Eva½ m± karitth±ti “lomak³pehi ajjhoh±ress±ma anuppavesess±m±”ti yath± tumhehi vutta½, eva½ m± karittha. Kasm±? Y±pess±mahanti ahañca y±vadattha½ ±h±ramatta½ bhuñjanto yath± y±pess±mi, eva½ ±h±ra½ paµiseviss±mi.
380-81. Et±va paramanti ettaka½ parama½, na ito para½ opakkamikadukkhavedan±vediyana½ atth²ti attho. Rañño gahetabbanaªgalato aññ±ni sandh±ya “ekena ³nan”ti vutta½. Ta½ suvaººaparikkhata½, itar±ni rajataparikkhat±ni. Ten±ha “amacc± eken³na-aµµhasatarajatanaªgal±n²”ti. ¾¼±rudakasam±game laddhajjh±n±ni vaµµap±dak±ni, ±n±p±nasam±dhi pana k±yagat±satipariy±pannatt± sabbesañca bodhisatt±na½ vipassan±p±dakatt± “bodh±ya maggo”ti vutto. Bujjhanatth±y±ti catunna½ ariyasacc±na½, sabbasseva v± ñeyyadhammassa abhisambujjhan±ya Satiy± anussaraºakaviññ±ºa½ sat±nus±riviññ±ºa½. Kass± pana satiy±ti ta½ dassetu½ “nayidan”ti-±di vutta½.
382. Paccupaµµhit±ti ta½ta½vattakaraºavasena pati-upaµµhit± upaµµh±yak±. Ten±ha “paººas±l±”ti-±di. Paccayab±hullikoti paccay±na½ b±hull±ya paµipanno. ¾vattoti pubbe paccayagedhappah±n±ya paµipanno, id±ni tato paµinivatto. Ten±ha “rasagiddho…pe… ±vatto”ti. Dhammaniy±men±ti dhammat±ya. Tameva dhammata½ dassetu½ “bodhisattass±”ti-±dim±ha. B±r±ºasimeva tatth±pi ca sabbabuddh±na½ avijahitadhammacakkapavattanaµµh±nameva agama½su. Pañcavaggiy± kira vis±kham±sassa addham±siya½ gat±. Ten±ha “tesu gatesu a¹¹ham±sa½ k±yaviveka½ labhitv±”ti.
387. “Addh±bhoto gotamassa s±vak±cittabh±van±nuyogamanuyutt± viharanti, no k±yabh±vanan”ti ima½ sandh±y±ha “eka½ pañha½ pucchin”ti. Ima½ dhammadesananti “abhij±n±mi kho pan±han”ti-±dika½ dhammadesana½. Asall²no taºh±diµµhikiles±na½ samucchinnatt± tehi sabbaso na litto. Anupalittoti tasseva vevacana½ taºh±nandiy± abh±vena. Gocarajjhattamev±ti gocarajjhattasaññite phalasam±pattiy± ±rammaºe, nibb±neti attho. Ya½ sandh±ya p±¼iya½ “purimasmi½ sam±dhinimitte”ti vutta½ sannis²d±pem²ti phalasam±pattisam±dhin± accantasam±d±navasena citta½ sammadeva nis²d±pemi. Pubb±bhogen±ti sam±pajjanato pubbe pavatta-±bhogena. Paricchinditv±ti sam±pajjanakkhaºa½ paricchinditv±. Ten±ha “s±dhuk±ra…pe… avicchinneyev±”ti. Evamassa paricchinnak±lasam±pajjana½ yath±paricchinnak±la½ vuµµh±nañca buddh±na½ na bh±riya½ vas²bh±vassa tath±suppaguºabh±vatoti dassento ±ha “buddh±na½ h²”ti-±di. Dhammasampaµigg±hak±na½ ass±sav±re v±. Tad± hi desiyam±na½ dhamma½ upadh±retu½ na sakkonti, tasm± tasmi½ khaºe desitadesan± niratthak± siy±. Na hi buddh±na½ niratthak± kiriy± atthi.
Okappan²yametanti “tass± eva kath±y±”ti-±din± vutta½ ativiya acchariyagata½ aµµhuppatti½ sutv± ²dis² paµipatti samm±sambuddhasseva hot²ti upav±davasena vadati, na sabh±vena. Ten±ha “satthari pas±damattampi na uppannan”ti. K±yadarathoti paccayavisesavasena r³pak±yassa parissam±k±ro. Up±dinnaketi indriyabaddhe. Anup±dinnaketi anindriyabaddhe. Vikasanti s³riyarasmisamphassena. Tadabh±vena makul±ni honti. Kesañci tintinik±dirukkh±na½ Patil²yanti nissayar³padhamma-avipph±rikat±ya. Ar³padhammat±ya pañcaviññ±º±nañceva kiriy±mayaviññ±º±nañca appavattisaññit± avipph±rikat± hoti, yattha nidd±samaññ±. Ten±ha “darathavasena bhavaªgasotañca idha nidd±ti adhippetan”ti. Tattha darathavasen±ti darathavaseneva, na thinamiddhavasen±ti avadh±raºa½ avadh±raºaphalañca niddh±retabba½. Ta½ sandh±y±ti k±yassa darathasaªkh±tasar²ragil±nahetuka½ nidda½ sandh±ya. Sar²ragil±nañca bhagavato natth²ti na sakk± vattu½ “piµµhi me ±gil±yat²”ti (d². ni. 3.300; ma. ni. 2.22; c³¼ava. 345) vacanato. Sammohavih±rasminti paccatte eta½ bhummavacananti ±ha “sammohavih±roti vadant²”ti, sammohavih±rasmi½ v± pariy±panna½ eta½ vadanti, yadida½ div± niddokkamananti yojan±.
389. Upan²teh²ti dosamagga½ nind±patha½ upan²tehi. Abhinanditv±ti sampiy±yitv±. Ten±ha “cittena sampaµicchanto”ti. Anumoditv±ti “s±dhu s±dh³”ti desan±ya thomanavasena anumoditv±. Ten±ha “v±c±yapi pasa½santo”ti. Sampatte k±leti pabbajj±yogge k±le anuppatte.
Gaºa½ vinodetv±ti gaºa½ apanetv± gaºapalibodha½ chinditv±. Papañcanti avasesakilesa½. “Puññav± r±jap³jito”ti vuttamattha½ vivaritu½ “tasmiñhi k±le”ti-±di vutta½. Chandav±saharaºena uposathakamma½ karonto.
Sakala½ ratti½ buddhaguº±na½yeva kathitatt± therassa ñ±ºa½ desan±vibhavañca vibh±vento ±ha “ettak±va, bhante, buddhaguº±”ti. Im±ya, bhante, tumh±ka½ dhammakath±ya anavasesato buddhaguº± kathit± viya j±yanti, eva½ santepi anant±parimeyy±va te, ki½ ito parepi vijjantev±ti thera½ tattha s²han±da½ nad±petuk±mo ±ha “ud±hu aññepi atth²”ti-±di. Rajjassa padesikatt±, yath±vuttasubh±sitassa ca anagghatt± vutta½ “aya½ me duggatapaºº±k±ro”ti. Tiyojanasatikanti ida½ parikkhepavasena vutta½, tañca kho manuss±na½ paribhogavasen±ti daµµhabba½.

Mah±saccakasuttavaººan±ya l²natthappak±san± samatt±.