5. C³¼asaccakasuttavaººan±

353. Ha½savaµµakacchannen±ti ha½savaµµakapaµicchannena, ha½samaº¹al±k±ren±ti attho.
Vadanti eten±ti v±do, maggo. Ki½ vadanti? Uttara½. V±d±na½ sat±ni v±dasat±ni. “Nigaºµho pañcav±dasat±ni, nigaºµh² pañcav±dasat±n²”ti eva½ nigaºµho ca nigaºµh² ca pañca pañca v±dasat±ni uggahetv± vicarant±. Kiriyato te pucchi½su, liªgato pana nigaºµhabh±vo ñ±to. Ten±ha “aha½ v±da½ ±ropess±m²”ti.
Jagganto sammajjan±divasena. Div±taranti atidiva½. “Kassa pucch±, kassa vissajjana½ hot³”ti paribb±jik±hi vutte thero ±ha “pucch± n±ma amh±ka½ patt±”ti. Pucch± v±d±na½ pubbapakkho, yasm± tumhe v±dapasut± v±d±bhirat± dhaja½ paggayha vicaratha, tasm± v±d±na½ pubbapakkho amh±ka½ patto, eva½ santepi tumh±ka½ m±tug±mabh±vato pubbapakkha½ dem±ti ±ha “tumhe pana m±tug±m± n±ma paµhama½ pucchath±”ti. paribb±jik± ekek± a¹¹hateyyasatav±damagga½ pucchantiyo v±dasahassa½ pucchi½su. Yath± nisitassa khaggassa kumudan±¼acchedane kimatthi bh±riya½, eva½ paµisambhid±ppattassa s±vakesu paññavant±na½ aggabh±ve µhitassa dhammasen±patino puthujjanaparikappitapañhavissajjane kimatthi bh±riya½. Ten±ha “thero khaggen±”ti-±di. Tattha nijjaµa½ niggaºµhi½ katv±ti yath± t± puna tattha jaµa½ gaºµhi½ k±tu½ na visahanti, tath± vijaµetv± kathesi. Aya½ thero caturaªgasamann±gate andhak±re sahassavaµµika½ d²pento viya aññesa½ avisaye andhak±rabh³te pañhe pucchitamatteyeva vissajjes²ti therassa paññ±veyyattiya½ disv± sayañca antimabhavikat±ya kohaññe µh±tu½ asakkontiyo “ettakameva, bhante, maya½ j±n±m±”ti ±ha½su. Therassa visayanti therassa paññ±visaya½.
Neva anta½ na koµi½ addasa½s³ti ekanti vattabbassa bahubh±vato tass± pucch±ya attho evamanto evamavas±nakoµ²ti na passi½su na j±ni½su. Thero t±sa½ ajjh±saya½ olokento pabbajj±ruci½ disv± ±ha “id±ni ki½ karissath±”ti? Uttaritarapaññoti v±damaggaparicayena medh±vit±ya ca y±dis± t±sa½ paññ±, tato uttaritarapañño.
Kath±maggoti v±damaggo. Tasm± tehi tehi parappav±d±d²hi bhassa½ v±damagga½ pak±rehi vadet²ti bhassappav±dako. Paº¹itav±doti aha½ paº¹ito nipuºo bahussutoti eva½v±d². Ya½ ya½ nakkhatt±c±rena ±disat²ti nakkhattagatiy± k±lañ±ºena “asukadivase candagg±ho bhavissati, s³riyagg±ho bhavissat²”ti-±din± ya½ ya½ ±desa½ bhaºati. S±dhuladdhiko ñ±ºasampattiy± sundaro. ¾ropitoti paµiññ±hetunidassan±didosa½ upari ±ropito v±do sv±ropito. Dosapada½ ±ropentena v±din± parav±dimhi abhibhuyya tassa dh±tukkhobhopi siy±, cittavikkhepena yena doso tena saªkappito sampavedhitoti. Th³ºanti sar²ra½ khobhitanti katv±. Th³ºanti hi lohitapittasemh±na½ adhivacana½ sabbaªgasar²radh±raºato. Apica th³ºapado n±ma atthi kath±maggo v±damagga½ gaºhant±na½. Saccako pana kohaññe µhatv± attano v±dappabhedavasena pare vimh±pento “th³ºa½ cep±han”ti-±dim±ha. S±vak±na½ vinaya½ n±ma sikkh±pada½, tañca dhammadesan± hot²ti es± eva cassa anus±san²ti vinayan±dimukhena samm±sambuddhassa mata½ s±sana½ pucchanto saccako “katha½ pana, bho, assaj²”ti-±dim±ha. Athassa thero “lakkhaºattayakath± n±ma anaññas±dh±raº± buddh±veºik± dhammadesan±, tatra ca may± aniccakath±ya samuµµh±pit±ya ta½ asahanto saccako tuccham±nena paµapaµ±yanto kurum±no licchav² gahetv± bhagavato santika½ ±gamissati, athassa bhagav± v±da½ madditv± aniccanti patiµµhapento dhamma½ kathessati, tad± bhavissati vijahitav±do samm±paµipattiy± patiµµhito”ti cintetv± anicc±nattalakkhaºapaµisa½yutta½ bhagavato anus±sana½ dassento “eva½, bho, aggivessan±”ti-±dim±ha.
Kasm± panettha dukkhalakkhaºa½ aggahitanti ±ha “thero pan±”ti-±di. “Up±rambhassa ok±so hot²”ti saªkhepato vutta½ vivaritu½ “maggaphal±n²”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha pariy±yen±ti saªkh±radukkhat±pariy±yena. Ayanti saccako. Nayida½ tumh±ka½ s±sana½ n±m±ti yattha tumhe avaµµhit±, ida½ tumh±ka½ sabbaññus±sana½ n±ma na hoti dukkhato anissaraºatt±, atha kho mah±-±gh±tana½ n±meta½, mah±dukkhaniddiµµhatt± pana nirayussado n±ma ussadanirayo n±ma, tasm± natti n±ma tumh±ka½ sukh±s±. Uµµh±yuµµh±y±ti ussukka½ katv±, dukkhameva j²r±pent± sabbaso dukkhameva anubhavant±, ±hiº¹atha vicarath±ti. Sabbamida½ tassa micch±parikappitameva. Kasm±? Dukkhasacc³pasañhit±yeva hettha nippariy±yakath± n±ma. Tassa hi pariññattha½ bhagavati brahmacariya½ vussati. Maggaphal±ni saªkh±rabh±vena “yadanicca½, ta½ dukkhan”ti pariy±yato dukkha½, na nippariy±yato. Ten±ha “tasm±”ti-±di. Sotu½ ayutta½ micch±v±datt±ti adhipp±yo.
354. Saha atth±nus±sana½ ag±ranti sandh±g±ra½, r±jakul±na½ santh±pana-ag±rantipi sandh±g±ra½, tasmi½ santh±g±reti attho. Ekasmi½ k±le t±dise k±le r±jakicc±na½ santh±namettha vic±rent²ti sandh±g±ra½, tasmi½ santh±g±retipi attho. Patiµµhitanti “anicca½ anatt±”ti ca paµiññ±ta½. Id±neva piµµhi½ parivattentoti bhagavato nal±µa½ anoloketv± vimukhabh±va½ ±pajjanto. Sur±ghareti sur±samp±dakagehe. Piµµhakilañjanti piµµhaµhapanaki¼añja½. V±lanti caªgav±ra½. S±ºas±µakakaraºatthanti s±ºas±µaka½ karonti eten±ti s±ºas±µakakaraºa½, sutta½, tadattha½. S±ºav±k± etesu sant²ti s±ºav±k±, s±ºadaº¹±. Te gahetv± s±º±na½ dhovanasadisa½ k²¼itaj±ta½ yath± “udd±lapupphabhañjik±, s±ºabhañjik±”ti ca. Ki½ so bhavam±noti k²diso hutv± so bhavam±no, ki½ honto loke aggapuggalassa samm±sambuddhassa v±d±ropana½ n±ma tato uttaritaras³raguºo eva yakkh±dibh±vena so bhavam±no abhisambhuºeyya. Aya½ pana app±nubh±vat±ya pis±car³po ki½ ettaka½ k±la½ nidd±yanto ajja pabujjhitv± eva½ vadat²ti adhipp±yo. Ten±ha “ki½ yakkho”ti-±di.
355. Mah±majjhanhikasamayeti mahati majjhanhikak±le, gaganamajjhe s³riyagatavel±ya. Div±padh±nik± padh±n±nuyuñjak±. Vatta½ dassetv±ti pacch±bhatta½ div±vih±r³pagamanato pubbe k±tabbavatta½ dassetv± paµipajjitv±. Bhagavanta½ dassentoti bhagavati g±ravabahum±na½ vibh±vento ubho hatthe kamalamakul±k±re katv± ukkhippa bhagavanta½ dassento.
Ta½ sandh±y±ti ta½ aparicchinnagaºana½ sandh±ya eva½ “mahatiy± licchaviparis±y±”ti vutta½. Ki½ s²sena bh³mi½ paharanteneva vandan± kat± hoti? Ker±µik±ti saµh±. Mocent±ti bhikkh±d±nato mocent±. Avakkhittamattik±piº¹o viy±ti heµµh±khittamattik±piº¹o viya. Yattha katthac²ti attano anur³pa½ vacana½ asallapento yattha katthaci.
356. Dissati “ida½ imassa phalan”ti apadissati eten±ti deso, k±raºa½, tadeva tassa pavattiµµh±nat±ya ok±soti ±ha “kañcideva desanti kañci ok±sa½ kiñci k±raºan”ti. Ok±so µh±nanti ca k±raºa½ vuccati “aµµh±nameta½ anavak±so”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 3.161; ma. ni. 3.128-131; a. ni. 1.268-295; vibha. 809). Yad±kaªkhas²ti na vadanti anavasesadhammavisayatt± paµiññ±ya. Tumhanti tumh±ka½. Yakkha…pe… paribb±jak±nanti ettha “pucch±vuso, yad±kaªkhas²”ti-±d²ni (sa½. ni. 1.246; su. ni. ±¼avakasutta) pucch±vacan±ni yath±kkama½ yojetabb±ni.
Ñatv± saya½ lokamima½ parañc±ti ida½ mah±satto niraya½ saggañca tesa½ paccakkhato dassetv± ±ha.
Taggha te ahamakkhissa½, yath±pi kusalo tath±ti yath± pak±rena sukusalo sabbaññ³ j±n±ti katheti, tath± aha½ kathess±mi. Tassa pana k±raºa½ ak±raºañca avij±nanto r±j±na½ karotu v± m± v±, aha½ pana te akkhiss±m²ti ±ha “r±j± ca kho…pe… na v±”ti.
Kathitaniy±meneva kathentoti teparivaµµakath±ya dukkhalakkhaºampesa kathessati, idha pana aññath± s±vakena assajin± kathita½, aññath± samaºena gotamen±ti vacanok±sapariharaºattha½ dukkhalakkhaºa½ an±masitv± therena kathitaniy±meneva anicc±nattalakkhaºameva kathentena bhagavat±– “r³pa½ anatt± y±va viññ±ºa½ anatt±”ti vutte saccako ta½ asampaµicchanto upam±ya atthañ±pane upam±pam±ºa½ yath± “go viya gavayo”ti att±na½ upameyya½ katv± upam±pam±ºena patiµµh±petuk±mo ±ha “upam± ma½, bho gotama, paµibh±t²”ti, upama½ te kariss±mi, upam±yapidhekacce viññ³ puris± bh±sitassa attha½ ±j±nant²ti adhipp±yo. Bhagav± upam±satena, aññena v±pi pam±ºena tava att± patiµµh±petu½ na labbh± attano viya pam±ºassapi anupalabbhanatoti ±ha “paµibh±tu ta½ aggivessan±”ti. Yath± hi att± n±ma koci paramatthato na upalabbhati eka½sena anupaladdhito, evassa ñ±pakapuggala½ pam±ºampi na upalabbhati. Ten±ha “±hara ta½ upama½ vissattho”ti, na tena tava attav±do patiµµha½ labhat²ti adhipp±yo.
Ya½ diµµha½ k±yika½ v± puññ±puñña½ purisapuggale upalabbhati, tena viññ±yati r³patt±ya½ purisapuggalo, tath± ya½ diµµha½ sukhadukkhapaµisa½vedana½ purisapuggale upalabbhati, ya½ diµµha½ n²l±disañj±nana½, ya½ diµµha½ rajjanadussan±di, ya½ diµµha½ ±rammaºapaµivij±nana½ purisapuggale upalabbhati, tena viññ±yati viññ±ºatt±ya½ purisapuggaloti. Eva½ r³p±dilakkhaºo att± tattha tattha k±ye kaly±ºap±pak±na½ kamm±na½ vip±ka½ sukhadukkha½ paµisa½vedeti, evañceta½ sampaµicchitabba½, aññath± kammaphalasambandho na yujjeyy±ti imamattha½ dassento “imin± ki½ d²pet²”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha teti satt±. Patiµµh±y±ti niss±ya. “R³patt±ya½ purisapuggalo”ti-±din± r³p±didhamme “att±”ti vatv± puna “r³pe patiµµh±y±”ti-±di½ vadanto aya½ nigaºµho attano v±da½ bhindati patiµµh±nassa, patiµµh±yakassa ca abhedad²panato. R³p±dayo vedan±disabh±v± att± tannissayena puññ±dikiriy±samupaladdhito idha ya½ niss±ya puññ±dikiriy± samupalabbhati, te r³p±dayo sattasaññit± attasabh±v± diµµh± yath± ta½ devat±d²su, ye pana sattasaññit± tato aññe asattasabh±v± diµµh± yath± ta½ kaµµhakaliªgar±d²s³ti eva½ s±dhetabba½ attha½ sahetu½ katv± dassento nigaºµho nidassana½ ±nes²ti ±ha “ativiya sak±raºa½ katv± upama½ ±har²”ti. Tassa pana “balakaraº²y±”ti vuttapurisappayog± viya b²jag±mabh³tag±m±pi saj²v± ev±ti laddh²ti te sadis³d±haraºabh±vena vutt±ti daµµhabba½. Sace pana ye j²vassa ±dh±raºabh±vena sahitena pavattetabbabh±vena sallakkhetabb±, te saj²v±ti icchit±, na kevalena pavattetabbabh±vena. Eva½ sati “balakaraº²y± kammant±”ti vadantena visadis³d±haraºabh±vena upan²tanti daµµhabba½.
Samattho n±ma natthi attav±dabhañjanassa anattat±patiµµh±panassa ca sugat±veºikatt±. Ya½ panetarahi s±sanik± yath±satti tadubhaya½ karonti, ta½ buddhehi dinnanaye µhatv± tesa½ desan±nus±rato. Nivattetv±ti n²haritv±, visu½ katv±ti attho. Sakala½ ves±linti sabbaves±liv±sina½ jana½ nissay³pac±rena nissita½ vadati yath± “g±mo ±gato”ti. Sa½vaµµitv±ti sampiº¹itv±, ekajjha½ gahetv±ti attho.
357. Patiµµhapetv±ti yath± ta½ v±da½ na avaj±n±ti, eva½ paµiñña½ k±retv±ti attho. Gh±ti-saddo hi½sanattho, tato ca saddavid³ arahattha½ t±ya-sadda½ upp±detv± gh±tet±yanti r³pasiddhi½ icchant²ti ±ha “gh±t±rahan”ti. J±pet±yanti-±d²supi eseva nayo. Vattituñca marahat²ti ma-k±ro padasandhikaro. Visesetv± d²pet²ti “vattati”icceva avatv± “vattituñca marahat²”ti dutiyena padena bhagavat± vutta½ visesetv± d²peti.
P±s±dika½ abhir³panti abhimatar³pasampanna½ sabb±vayava½. Tato eva susajjita½ sabbak±la½ suµµhu sajjit±k±rameva. Eva½vidhanti y±disa½ sandh±ya vutta½, ta½ dasseti “dubbaººan”ti-±din±. Imasmi½ µh±neti “vattati te tasmi½ r³pe vaso”ti etasmi½ k±raºaggahaºe. K±raºañheta½ bhagavat± gahita½ “vattati…pe… m± ahos²”ti. Teneta½ dasseti r³pa½ anatt± avasavattanato, yañhi vase na vattati, ta½ anattakameva diµµha½ yath± ta½ sampatti. V±danti dosa½ niggaha½ ±ropessati. Sattadh± muddh± phalat²ti sahadhammikas±kacch±hi tath±gate, pucchante aby±karaºena vihes±ya kayiram±natt± tatiye v±re dhammat±vasena vihesakassa sattadh± muddh± phalati yath± ta½ sabbaññupaµiññ±ya bhagavato sammukhabh±v³pagamane. Vajirap±ºi pana kasm± µhito hot²ti? Bhagav± viya anukampam±no mahanta½ bhay±naka½ r³pa½ m±petv± t±setv± ima½ diµµhi½ vissajj±pem²ti tassa purato ±k±se vajira½ ±haranto tiµµhati, na muddha½ ph±letuk±mo. Na hi bhagavato purato kassaci anattho n±ma hoti. Yasm± pana bhagav± eka½sato sahadhammikameva pañha½ pucchati, tasm± aµµhakath±ya½ “pucchite”icceva vutta½.
¾dittanti dippam±na½. Akkhin±s±d²n²ti ±di-saddena e¼akas²sasadisakesamassu-±d²na½ saªgaºh±ti. “Diµµhivissajj±panatthan”ti vatv± nayida½ yadicch±vasena ±gamana½, atha kho ±dito mah±brahm±na½ purato katv± attan± katapaµiññ±vasen±ti dassento “apic±”ti-±dim±ha. Nti vajirap±ºi½. Ta½ saccakassa paµiññ±ya parivattanak±raºa½. Aññepi nu khoti-±di saccakassa v²ma½sakabh±vadassana½. Av²ma½sakena hi ta½ disv± mah±yakkhoti vadeyya, tenassa as±ruppa½ siy±, aya½ pana aññesa½ abh²tabh±va½ upadh±retv± “addh±me yakkha½ na passanti, tasm± mayhameva bhaya½ uppannan”ti t²retv± yuttappattavasena paµipajji.
358. Upadh±retv±ti by±k±tabbamattha½ sallakkhetv±. Eseva nayoti saªkh±raviññ±ºesupi saññ±ya viya nayoti attho. Vuttavipariy±yen±ti “akusal± dukkh± vedan± m± ahosi, akusal± domanassasampayutt± saññ± m± ahos²”ti-±din± nayena attho veditabbo. Sappadaµµhavisanti sabbasatt±na½ sappadaµµhaµµh±ne sar²rapadese patita½ visa½. All²noti sa½siliµµho. Upagatoti na apagato. Ajjhositoti gilitv± pariniµµhapetv± µhito. Parito j±neyy±ti samantato sabbaso kiñcipi asesetv± j±neyya. Parikkhepetv±ti ±yati½ anuppattidhammat±p±danavasena sabbaso khepetv±. Tath±bh³to cassa khayavaya½ upaneti n±m±ti ±ha “khaya½ vaya½ anupp±da½ upanetv±”ti.
359. Attano v±dassa as±rabh±vato, yath±parikappitassa v± s±rassa abh±vato antos±ravirahito ritto. Vippak±ranti diµµhiy± s²l±c±rassa ca vasena vir³pata½ s±par±dhata½ s±vajjata½ tesa½ upari ±ropetv±. Sinnapattoti tanukapatto. Viph±ritanti viph±¼ita½.
As±rakarukkhaparicitoti pal±s±di-as±rarukkhakoµµane kataparicayo. Thaddhabh±vanti vipakkabh±va½, tikkhabh±vanti attho. Natth²ti sad± natth²ti na vattabba½. Parisat²ti catuparisamajjhe Tath± hi “gaºµhika½ paµimuñcitv± paµicchannasar²r±”ti vutta½. Yant±ru¼hassa viy±ti by±karaºattha½ v±yamayanta½ ±ru¼hassa viya.
360. Diµµhivis³k±n²ti diµµhikiñcak±ni. Diµµhisañcarit±n²ti diµµhit±¼an±ni. Diµµhivipphandit±n²ti diµµhi-iñjit±ni. Tesa½ adhipp±ya½ ñatv±ti tesa½ licchavikum±r±na½ iñjiteneva ajjh±saya½ j±nitv±. Ten±ha “ime”ti-±di.
361. Yasmi½ adhigate puggalo satthus±sane vis±rado hoti parehi asa½h±riyo, ta½ ñ±ºa½ vis±radassa bh±voti katv± ves±rajjanti ±ha “ves±rajjappattoti ñ±ºappatto”ti. Tato evamassa na paro paccetabbo etassa atth²ti aparappaccayo. Na paro pattiyo saddah±tabbo etassa atth²ti aparappattiyo. K±ma½ saccako sekkhabh³mi asekkhabh³m²ti ida½ s±sanavoh±ra½ na j±n±ti. Passat²ti pana dassanakiriy±ya vippakatabh±vassa vuttatt± “na ett±vat± bhikkhukicca½ pariyositan”ti aññ±si, tasm± puna “kitt±vat± pan±”ti puccha½ ±rabhi. Tena vutta½ “passat²ti vuttatt±”ti-±di.
Yath±bh³ta½ passat²ti dassana½, visiµµhaµµhena anuttariya½, dassanameva anuttariyanti dassan±nuttariya½, dassanesu v± anuttariya½ dassan±nuttariya½. Lokiyapaññ±ti cettha vipassan±paññ± veditabb±. S± hi sabbalokiyapaññ±hi visiµµhaµµhena “anuttar±”ti vutt±. Lokiyapaµipad±nuttariyesupi eseva nayo. Id±ni nippariy±yatova tividhampi anuttariya½ dassetu½ “suddhalokuttaramev±”ti-±di vutta½. Satipi sabbesampi lokuttaradhamm±na½ anuttarabh±ve ukkaµµhaniddesena aggamaggapaññ± tato uttaritarassa abh±vato dassan±nuttariya½. Ten±ha “arahattamaggasamm±diµµh²”ti. Ses±ni maggaªg±n²ti ses±ni arahattamaggaªg±ni. T±ni hi matthakappatt±ni nibb±nag±min² paµipad±ti. Aggaphalavimutt²ti aggamaggassa phalavimutti arahattaphala½. Kh²º±savass±ti sabbaso kh²yam±n±savassa. Nibb±nadassananti aggamaggasamm±diµµhiy± sacchikiriy±bhisamayam±ha. Tattha maggaªg±n²ti aµµha maggaªg±ni. Catusaccantogadhatt± sabbassa ñeyyadhammassa “catt±ri sacc±ni buddho”ti vutta½. Sacc±nugatasammohaviddha½saneneva hi bhagavato sabbaso ñeyy±varaºappah±na½. Nibbisevanoti niruddhakilesavisevano.
362. Dha½s²ti anuddha½sanas²l±. Anupahatanti avikkhitta½. Sakalanti an³na½. K±yaªganti k±yameva aªganti vadanti, k±yasaªkh±ta½ aªga½ s²s±di-avayavanti attho. Tath± “hotu, s±dh³”ti evamida½ v±c±ya avayavo v±caªganti.
363. ¾harant²ti abhiharanti. Puññanti puññaphalasaªkh±to ±nubh±vo. Puññaphalampi hi uttarapadalopena “puññan”ti vuccati– “kusal±na½, bhikkhave, dhamm±na½ sam±d±nahetu evamida½ puñña½ pava¹¹hat²”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 3.80). Ten±ha “±yati½ vip±kakkhandh±”ti. Puññamah²ti mahati puññaphalavibh³ti setacchattamakuµac±mar±di. Tena vutta½ “vip±kakkhandh±na½yeva pariv±ro”ti. Licchav²hi pesitena kh±dan²yabhojan²yena samaºo gotamo sas±vakasaªgho may± parivisito, tasm± licchav²nameva ta½ puñña½ hot²ti. Ten±ha “ta½ d±yak±na½ sukh±ya hot³”ti. Yasm± pana bhagavato bhikkhusaªghassa ca saccakena d±na½ dinna½, na licchav²hi, tasm± bhagav± saccakassa sati½ parivattento “ya½ kho”ti-±dim±ha. Tena vutta½ “iti bhagav±”ti-±di. Nigaºµhassa matena vin±yev±ti saccakassa cittena vin± eva tassa dakkhiºa½ khettagata½ katv± dasseti. Ten±ha “attano dinna½ dakkhiºa½…pe… niyy±tes²”ti.

C³¼asaccakasuttavaººan±ya l²natthappak±san± samatt±.