2. Mah±gosiªgasuttavaººan±

332. Kocidev±ti gosiªgas±lavanas±mantato niviµµhesu yo koci g±mo gocarag±mo bhavissati, tasm± anibaddhabh±vato gocarag±mo na gahito, vasanaµµh±nameva parid²pita½, tato eva araññanid±naka½ n±meta½. Sabbatth±ti devaloke manussaloke ca. Thirak±rakeh²ti s±sane thirabh±vak±rakehi. Savanante j±tatt±ti catusaccagabbhassa dhammassavanassa pariyos±ne ariy±ya j±tiy± j±tatt±. Yath± paµivedhab±husacca½ ijjhati, tath± dhammassa savanato s±vak± S³riyo viya bh±suraguºara½sit±ya mohandhak±ravidhamanato. Cando viya ramaº²yamanoharas²talaguºat±ya kilesapari¼±hav³pasamato. S±garo viya gambh²rathiravipul±nekaguºat±ya µhitadhammasabh±vato. Guºamahantat±ya therassa abhiññ±tat±, guºamahantat± ca suttesu ±gatanayeneva ñ±tabb±ti ta½ vitth±rato dassetu½ “na kevalan”ti-±di vutta½. S²han±dasuttanti majjhimanik±ye ±gata½ mah±s²han±dasutta½ (ma. ni. 1.146). Therapañhasuttanti suttanip±te aµµhakavagge ±gata½ s±riputtasutta½ (su. ni. 961-981). Theras²han±dasuttanti imassa ca therassa janapadac±rik±ya satthu sammukh± s²han±dasutta½. Abhinikkhamananti therasseva mahat± ñ±tiparivaµµena mahat± ca bhogaparivaµµena saha ghar±v±saparicc±go abhinikkhamana½. Esa nayo ito paresupi. Yadidanti nip±to, yo ayanti attho.
Mah±paññe bhikkh³ gahetv±ti ±yasmato kira s±riputtattherassa pariv±rabhikkh³pi mah±paññ± eva ahesu½. Dh±tuso hi satt± sa½sandanti. Saya½ iddhim±ti-±d²supi eseva nayo. Aya½ panattho dh±tusa½yuttena (sa½. ni. 2.99) d²petabbo– gijjhak³µapabbate gil±naseyy±ya nisinno bhagav± ±rakkhatth±ya pariv±retv± vasantesu s±riputtamoggall±n±d²su ekameka½ attano paris±ya saddhi½ caªkamanta½ voloketv± bhikkh³ ±mantesi– “passatha no tumhe, bhikkhave, s±riputta½ sambahulehi bhikkh³hi saddhi½ caªkamantanti. Eva½, bhante. Sabbe kho ete, bhikkhave, bhikkh³ mah±paññ±”ti sabba½ vitth±retabba½.
Vananteti upavanante. Meghavaºº±y±ti n²l±bh±ya. Samuddakucchito uggacchantassa viya upaµµh±na½ sandh±ya vutta½. Cakkav±¼apabbatamatthakasam²pe ±bh±pharaºavasena pavattiy± “p±c²nacakkav±¼apabbatamatthake”ti vutta½, na cakkav±¼apabbatamatthake candamaº¹alassa vicaraºato. Tath± sati lokantarikanirayesupi candimas³riy±na½ ±bh± phareyya. Ubbedhavasena hi cakkav±¼apabbatassa vemajjhato candimas³riy± vicaranti. S±lakusumapabh±na½ atirattat±ya vutta½ “l±kh±rasena siñcam±na½ viy±”ti. Upag±yam±n± viy±ti payirup±sanavasena upecca g±yam±n± viya K±ya nu kho ajja ratiy±ti ajja jh±nasam±pattiratiy± eva nu kho, ud±hu dhammas±kacch±ratiy± dhammadesan±ratiy±ti cintesi.
Dve candamaº¹al±ni viya paramasobhaggappatt±ya kantiy±. Dve s³riyamaº¹al±ni viya ativiya suvisuddhasamujjal±ya guºavibh³tiy±. Dve chaddantan±gar±j±no viya mah±nubh±vat±ya. Dve s²h± viya tejussadat±ya. Dve byaggh± viya anol²navuttit±ya. Sabbap±liphullamev±ti sabbameva samantato vikasita½.
333. Kath± upacarati pavattati etth±ti kath±-upac±ro, savan³pac±ro padeso, ta½ kath±-upac±ra½. Ramaº²yameva r±maºeyyaka½. Ujjaªgaleti l³khapadese kaµhinapadese. Dosehi it± apagat±ti dosin± ta-k±rassa na-k±ra½ katv±. Dibb± maññe gandh±ti devaloke gandh± viya. Divi bhav±ti dibb±. Dve ther±ti s±riputtatthera-±nandatther±. ¾nandatthero t±va mam±yatu akh²º±savabh±vato, s±riputtatthero kathanti? Na ida½ mam±yana½ gehassitapemavasena, atha kho guºabhattivasen±ti n±ya½ doso.
Anumatiy± pucch± anumatipucch±, anumatiggahaºattha½ pucchana½. Tattha yasm± adhammikampi vuddhassa anumati½ itaro paµikkhipitu½ na labhati, tena s± anuj±nitabb±va hoti, tasm± saªghakhuddakato paµµh±ya anumati pucchitabb±. Ten±ha “anumatipucch± n±mes±”ti-±di. Khuddakato paµµh±y±ti kaºiµµhato paµµh±ya. Paµibh±ti upaµµh±t²ti paµibh±na½, yath±dhippeto attho, ta½ paµibh±na½. Sikh±ppatt± vepullappatt± na bhavissati padesañ±ºe µhitehi bh±sitatt±. Sikh±ppatt± vepullappatt± bhavissati sabbaññutaññ±ºena sa½sanditatt±. Vuttamevattha½ upam±ya vibh±vetu½ “yath± h²”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha paccatthik± aµµiyanti dukkh±yanti eten±ti aµµo, vinicchitabbavoh±ro. G±mabhojakanti yasmi½ g±me so uppanno, ta½ g±mabhojaka½. Janapadabhojakanti yasmi½ janapade so uppanno, ta½ janapadabhojaka½. Mah±vinicchaya-amaccanti yasmi½ rajje so janapado, tassa r±jadh±niya½ mah±vinicchaya-amacca½. Sen±patinti yassa rañño so amacco, tassa sen±pati½. Tath± upar±janti Ida½ panettha pakatic±rittavasena vutta½ upameyyatth±nur³patoti daµµhabba½. Apar±para½ na sañcarati vinicchayan±rahena vinicchitabh±vato.
Pakaµµh±na½ (a. ni. µ². 2.4.22) ukkaµµh±na½ s²l±di-atth±na½ bodhanato, sabh±vaniruttivasena buddh±d²hi bh±sitatt± ca pakaµµh±na½ vacanappabandh±na½ ±¼²ti p±¼i, pariyattidhammo. Purimassa atthassa pacchimena atthena anusandh±na½ anusandhi. Atthamukhena pana p±¼ipades±nampi anusandhi hotiyeva, so ca pubb±par±nusandhi-pucch±nusandhi-ajjh±say±nusandhi-yath±nusandhivasena catubbidho. Ta½ta½desan±na½ pana pubb±parasa½sandana½ pubb±para½. P±¼ivasena anusandhivasena pubb±paravasen±ti pacceka½ yojetabba½. Uggahitanti byañjanaso atthaso ca uddha½ uddha½ gahita½, pariy±puºanavasena ceva paripucch±vasena ca hadayena gahitanti attho. Vaµµadukkhanissaraºatthikehi sotabbato suta½, pariyattidhammo, ta½ dh±ret²ti sutadharo. Yo hi sutadharo, suta½ tasmi½ patiµµhita½ hoti suppatiµµhita½, tasm± vutta½ “sutassa ±dh±rabh³to”ti. Ten±ha “yassa h²”ti-±di. Ekapada½ ekakkharampi avinaµµha½ hutv± sannic²yat²ti sannicayo, suta½ sannicayo etasminti sutasannicayo. Ajjhos±y±ti anupavisitv±. Tiµµhat²ti na mussati.
Ýhit± paguº±ti paguº± v±cuggat±. Niccalitanti aparivattita½. Sa½sanditv±ti aññehi sa½sanditv±. Samanugg±hitv±ti paripucch±vasena attha½ og±hetv±. Pabandhassa vibandh±bh±vato gaªg±sotasadisa½, “bhavaªgasotasadisan”ti v± p±µho, akittima½ sukhappavatt²ti attho. Suttekadesassa suttassa ca vacas± paricayo idha n±dhippeto, vagg±divasena pana adhippetoti ±ha “suttadasaka…pe… sajjh±yit±”ti, “dasa sutt±ni gat±ni, dasa vagg±gat±”ti-±din± sallakkhetv± v±c±ya sajjh±yit±ti attho. Manas± anu anu pekkhit± bh±gaso nijjh±yit± cintit± manas±nupekkhit±. R³pagata½ viya paññ±yat²ti r³pagata½ viya cakkhussa vibh³ta½ hutv± paññ±yati. Suppaµividdh±ti nijjaµa½ niggumba½ katv± suµµhu y±th±vato paµividdh±.
Pajjati attho ñ±yati eten±ti pada½, tadeva attha½ byañjet²ti byañjananti ±ha “padameva atthassa byañjanato padabyañjanan”ti. Akkharap±rip³riy± padabyañjanassa parimaº¹alat±, s± pana p±rip³r² eva½ veditabb±ti ±ha “dasavidhabyañjanabuddhiyo aparih±petv±”ti. Añña½ up±rambhakaranti yath±nikkhittasuttato añña½ tassa ananulomaka½ sutta½ ±harati. Tadattha½ ot±ret²ti tassa ±haµasuttasseva attha½ vic±reti. Tassa kath± aparimaº¹al± n±ma hoti atthassa aparipuººabh±vato. Yath±nikkhittassa suttassa atthasa½vaººan±vaseneva suttantarampi ±nento bahi ekapadampi na gacchati n±ma. Amakkhentoti avin±sento. Ta½ ta½ attha½ suµµhu vavatthita½ katv± dassento tulik±ya paricchindanto viya. Gambh²rataramattha½ gamento gambh²ram±tik±ya udaka½ pesento viya. Utt±nam±tik±ya hi mariy±da½ ottharitv± udaka½ aññath± gaccheyya. Eka½yeva pada½ anekehi pariy±yehi punappuna½ sa½vaººento pada½ koµµento sindhav±j±n²yo viya. So hi vaggit±ya gatiy± pade pada½ koµµento gacchati. Kath±maggena tassa kath± parimaº¹al± n±ma hoti dhammato atthato anusandhito pubb±parato ±cariyuggahatoti sabbaso paripuººabh±vato.
Anuppabandheh²ti vissaµµhehi ±sajjam±nehi. N±tis²gha½ n±tisaºika½ nirantara½ ekarasañca katv± paris±ya ajjh±say±nur³pa½ dhamma½ kathento vissaµµh±ya kath±ya katheti n±ma, na aññath±ti dassento “yo bhikkh³”ti-±dim±ha. Araºi½ manthento viya, uºhakh±dan²ya½ kh±danto viy±ti s²gha½ s²gha½ kathanassa ud±haraºa½, gahita½ gahitamev±ti-±di laªghetv± kathanassa. Pur±ºapaººantaresu hi parip±tiyam±nagodh± kad±ci dissati, evamekaccassa atthavaººan± katthaci na dissati. Oh±y±ti µhapetv±. Yop²ti-±din± ekar³pena kath±ya akathana½ dasseti. Petaggi nijjh±mataºhikapetassa mukhato niccharaºaka-aggi. Vitth±yat²ti appaµit±natam±pajjati. Kenaci rogena dukkha½ patto viya nitthunanto. Kandanto viy±ti ukkuµµhi½ karonto viya. Appabandh± n±ma hoti sukhena appavattabh±vato. ¾cariyehi dinnanaye µhitoti ±cariyuggaha½ amuñcanto, yath± ca ±cariy± ta½ ta½ sutta½ sa½vaººesu½, teneva nayena sa½vaººentoti attho. Acchinnadh±ra½ katv±ti “n±tis²gha½ n±tisaºikan”ti-±din± heµµh± vuttanayena avicchinna½ kath±pabandha½ katv±. Anusayasamuggh±t±y±ti imin± tass± kath±ya arahattapariyos±nata½ dasseti Evar³pen±ti nayida½ ekavacana½ tattakavasena gahetabba½, atha kho lakkhaºe pavattanti dassento “tath±r³peneva bhikkhusatena bhikkhusahassena v±”ti vutta½. Pallaªken±ti pallaªkapadesena, pallaªk±sananten±ti attho. Imin± nayen±ti v±rantaras±dh±raºa½ attha½ atidisati, as±dh±raºa½ pana vakkhatev±ti.
334. ¾ramati eten±ti ±r±mo.
335. Dhuvasevananti niyatasevita½. P±s±dapariveºeti p±s±daªgaºe. N±bhiy± patiµµhit±nanti n±bhiy± bh³miya½ patiµµhit±na½. Arantar±n²ti aravivar±ni ta½ta½ar±na½ vemajjhaµµh±n±ni.
336. Sam±dinna-araññadhutaªgo ±raññiko, na araññav±samattena.
337. Na os±dent²ti na avas±denti, na avas±dan±pekkh± aññamañña½ pañha½ pucchant²ti attho. Pavattin²ti paguº±.
338. Lokuttar± vih±rasam±patti n±ma therassa arahattaphalasam±pattiyo, pariy±yato pana nirodhasam±pattipi veditabb±.
339. S±dhuk±ro ±nandattherassa dinno. Ten±ha bhagav± “yath± ta½ ±nandova samm± by±karam±no by±kareyy±”ti-±di. Samm±ti suµµhu, yath±-ajjh±sayanti adhipp±yo. Yena hi ya½ yath±citta½ kathita½, ta½ samm± kathita½ n±ma hoti. Sampattavasena hi yath±k±r² tath±v±d² sobhati. Ten±ha “attano anucchavikamev±”ti-±di. Bahussuto bhikkhu tattha tattha sutte s²l±d²na½ ±gataµµh±ne tesa½ suviditatt± yath±nusiµµha½ paµipajjam±no t±ni parip³ret²ti ±ha “s²lassa ±gataµµh±ne”ti-±di. Magg±dipasavan±ya vipassan±gabbha½ gaºh±petv± parip±ka½ gametv±ti attho.
340. “Eseva nayo”ti atidesavasena saªkhepato vuttamattha½ vivaranto “±yasm± hi revato”ti-±dim±ha.
342. Aparepi n±nappak±re kileseti aparepi n±nappak±re dosamoh±dikilese. Dhunitv±ti vidhametv±.
343. ¾yasm± mah±moggall±no eva½ by±k±s²ti sambandho. Sakalampi cakkhuviññ±ºav²thigata½ citta½ cakkhuviññ±ºanti aggahetv± cakkhusannissitameva pana viññ±ºa½ cakkhuviññ±ºa½, tadanantara½ sampaµicchana½, tadanantara½ sant²raºanti-±din± saºha½ sukhuma½ ati-ittarakhaºavanta½ cittantara½ cittan±natta½. Khandh±d²nañca n±nattasaªkh±ta½ khandhantar±di. Pathav²kasiºe paµhamajjh±na½ sam±pajjitv± tatheva tatiya½ jh±nanti-±din± ±rammaºa½ anukkamitv± jh±nasseva ekantarikabh±vena ukkamana½ jh±nokkantika½ n±ma. Pathav²kasiºe paµhama½ jh±na½ sam±pajjitv± puna tadeva tejokasiºeti-±din± jh±na½ anukkamitv± ±rammaºasseva ekantarikabh±vena ukkamana½ ±rammaºokkantika½ n±ma. “Paµhamajjh±na½ pañcaªgikan”ti-±din± y±va nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatana½ duvaªgikanti jh±naªgamattasseva vavatth±pana½ aªgavavatth±na½. “Ida½ pathav²kasiºa½…pe… ida½ od±takasiºan”ti ±rammaºamattasseva vavatth±pana½ ±rammaºavavatth±na½. Pathav²kasiºe paµhama½ jh±na½ sam±pajjitv± tattheva itaresampi sam±pajjana½ aªgasaªkanti. Pathav²kasiºe paµhama½ jh±na½ sam±pajjitv± tadeva ±pokasiºeti eva½ sabbakasiºesu ekasseva jh±nassa sam±pajjana½ ±rammaºasaªkanti. Ekatova¹¹hana½ ubhatova¹¹hananti ida½ khandh±didesan±ya½ labbhati. Abhidhammabh±jan²ye hi vedan±kkhandha½ bh±jento bhagav± tike gahetv± dukesu pakkhipi, duke gahetv± tikesu pakkhipi, ida½ ekatova¹¹hana½. Tike ca duke ca ubhatova¹¹hanan²h±rena kathesi, ida½ ubhatova¹¹hana½. Eva½ sesakhandhesu dh±t±yatan±d²su ca yath±raha½ vibhaªgappakaraºe (vibha. 32-33; 155-156, 183-184) abhidhammabh±jan²ye ±gatanayena veditabba½. Ten±ha “±bhidhammikadhammakathikasseva p±kaµan”ti. Khandh±d²su sabh±vadhammesu t²su lakkhaºesu paññattiya½ samayantaresu ca kosall±bh±vato aya½ sakav±do aya½ parav±doti na j±n±ti. Tato eva sakav±da½…pe… dhammantara½ visa½v±deti. Khandh±d²su pana kusalat±ya ±bhidhammiko sakav±da½…pe… na visa½v±deti.
344. Citta½ attano vase vattetu½ sakkoti paµisaªkh±nabh±van±balehi pariggaºhanasamatthatt±. Id±ni tamattha½ byatirekato anvayato ca vibh±vetu½ “duppañño h²”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha sabb±nass±ti sabb±ni assa. Visevitavipphandit±n²ti kilesavis³k±yik±ni ceva duccaritavipphandit±ni ca. Bhañjitv±ti madditv±. Bah²ti kammaµµh±nato bahi puthutt±rammaºe.
345. Pariy±yen±ti ettha pariy±ya-saddo “atthi khvesa, br±hmaºa, pariy±yo”ti-±d²su (a. ni. 8.11; p±r±. 3-9) viya k±raºatthoti ±ha “sobhanak±raºa½ atth²”ti. Yadi bhagav±– “idha, s±riputta, bhikkhu pacch±bhatta½ piº¹ap±tapaµikkanto”ti-±din± attano mah±bodhipallaªka½ sandh±y±ha, eva½ sante samm±sambuddheheva saªgh±r±mo sobhetabbo, na aññeh²ti ±pannanti ±ha “apica pacchima½ janatan”ti-±di. Nibb±natth±ya paµipattis±ra½ etass±ti paµipattis±ro, ta½ paµipattis±ra½. Nippariy±yenev±ti kenaci pariy±yena lesena vin± mukhyena nayeneva. Yo “arahatta½ appatv± na vuµµhahiss±m²”ti da¼hasam±d±na½ katv± nisinno ta½ adhigantv±va uµµhahati. Evar³pena ida½ gosiªgas±lavana½ sobhati, s±sane sabb±rambh±na½ tadatthatt±ti attho. ¾savakkhay±vaha½ paµipatti½ ±rabhitv± ±savakkhayeneva desan±ya pariyos±pitatt± yath±nusandhin±va desana½ niµµhapes²ti.

Mah±gosiªgasuttavaººan±ya l²natthappak±san± samatt±.