4. Mah±yamakavaggo

1. C³¼agosiªgasuttavaººan±

325. ѱt²na½ (a. ni. µ². 3.6.19) niv±saµµh±nabh³to g±mo ñ±tiko, so eva n±tiko. So kira g±mo yesa½ santako, tesa½ pubbapurisena attano ñ±t²na½ s±dh±raºabh±vena nivesito, tena “n±tiko”ti paññ±yittha. Atha pacch± tattha dv²hi d±y±dehi dvidh± vibhajitv± paribhutto. Ten±ha “dvinna½ c³¼apitimah±pitiputt±na½ dve g±m±”ti. Giñjak± vuccanti iµµhak±, giñjak±hiyeva kato ±vasatho giñjak±vasatho. Tasmi½ kira padese mattik± sakkharamarumbav±lik±d²hi asammiss± akaµhin± saºh± sukhum±, t±ya kat±ni kul±labh±jan±nipi sil±may±ni viya da¼h±ni, tasm± te up±sak± t±ya mattik±ya d²ghaputhula-iµµhak± k±retv± t±hi µhapetv± dv±rab±hav±tap±nakav±µatul±yo sesa½ sabba½ dabbasambh±rena vin± iµµhak±hi eva p±s±da½ k±resu½. Ten±ha “iµµhak±hev±”ti-±di.
Gosiªgas±lavanad±yanti gosiªgas±lavananti laddhan±ma½ rakkhita½ arañña½. Jeµµhakarukkhass±ti vanappatibh³tassa s±larukkhassa. S±maggirasanti samaggabh±v±diguºa½ vivekasukha½. Uparipaºº±sake upakkilesasutte (ma. ni. 3.237-238) puthujjanak±lo kathito, idha c³¼agosiªgasutte kh²º±savak±lo kathito. Katakicc±pi hi te mah±ther± attano diµµhadhammasukhavih±ra½ paresa½ diµµh±nugati½ ±pajjanañca sampassant± paramañca viveka½ anubr³hant± s±maggirasa½ anubhavam±n± tattha viharanti. Tad±ti tasmi½ upakkilesasuttadesan±k±le. Teti anuruddhappamukh± kulaputt±. Laddhass±d±ti vipassan±ya v²thipaµipattiy± adhigatass±d±. Vipassan± hi pubben±para½ visesa½ ±vahant² pavattam±n± s±tisaya½ p²tisomanassa½ ±vahati. Ten±ha bhagav±–
“Yato yato sammasati, khandh±na½ udayabbaya½;
labhati p²tip±mojja½, amata½ ta½ vij±natan”ti. (Dha. pa. 374).
Laddhapatiµµh± maggaphal±dhigamanena. Sati hi maggaphal±dhigame s±sane patiµµh± laddh± n±ma hoti, no aññath±.
K±ma½ s±riputtamoggall±n±pi mah±s±vakapariy±pann±va, aggas±vakabh±vena pana nesa½ visesadassanattha½ “dhammasen±patimah±moggall±nattheresu v±”ti visu½ gahaºa½. Satipi hi s±maññayoge visesavanto visu½ gayhanti yath± “br±hmaº± ±gat±, v±siµµhopi ±gato”ti. Tesu pana visu½ gahitesupi “as²timah±s±vakes³”ti as²tiggahaºa½ appaka½ ³namadhika½ v± gaºanupaga½ na hot²ti. Antamasoti ida½ dhammabhaº¹±g±rikassa upaµµh±kabh±vena ±sannac±rit±ya vutta½. An²k±ti hatth±n²k±, hatth±n²kato hatthisam³hatoti attho. K±¼as²ho yebhuyyena y³thacaroti katv± vutta½ “y³th± nissaµo k±¼as²ho viy±”ti. Kesar² pana ekacarova. V±tacchinno val±hako viy±ti v±tacchinno pabbatak³µappam±ºo val±hakacchedo viya. Tesa½ paggaºhanatoti yath± n±ma jighacchitassa bhojane, pip±sitassa p±n²ye, s²tena phuµµhassa uºhe, uºhena phuµµhassa s²te, dukkhitassa sukhe abhiruci uppajjati, evameva½ bhagavato kosambake bhikkh³ aññamañña½ viv±d±panne disv± apare samagg±v±sa½ vasante ±vajjitassa ime tayo kulaputt± ±p±tha½ ±gami½su, atha ne paggaºhituk±mo upasaªkami, ev±ya½ paµipatti-anukkamena kosambak±na½ bhikkh³na½ vinayanup±yo hot²ti. Ten±ha “tesa½ paggaºhanato”ti. Eteneva pacchimajanata½ anukampanatoti idampi k±raºa½ ekadesena sa½vaººitanti daµµhabba½. Ukka½sitv±ti yath±bh³tehi guºehi sampaha½sanena visesetv± visiµµhe katv± pasa½s±vasena ceta½ ±me¹itavacana½.
Ta½ arañña½ rakkhati vanas±min± ±ºatto. Rakkhitagopita½ vanasaº¹a½, na mah±van±di viya apariggahita½. S²l±dippabhed±ya attatth±ya paµipann± attak±m±, na apariccattasineh±ti ±ha “attano hita½ k±mayam±n±”ti. Ten±ha “yo h²”ti-±di. Bhindeyy±ti vin±seyya.
Dubbalamanuss±ti paññ±ya dubbal± aviddasuno manuss±. T±n²ti abhij±ti-±d²su uppannap±µih±riy±ni. C²varagabbhena paµicch±detv±ti c²varasaªkh±te ovarake nig³hitv± viya. Na hi c²varap±rupanamattena buddh±nubh±vo paµicchanno hoti. “M± sudha kocima½ buddh±nubh±va½ aññ±s²”ti pana tath±r³pena iddh±bhisaªkh±rena ta½ ch±detv± gato bhagav± tath± vutto. Ten±ha “aññ±takavesena agam±s²”ti.
Abhikkamath±ti pada½ abhimukhabh±vena vidhimukhena vadat²ti ±ha “ito ±gacchath±”ti. Buddh±na½ k±yo n±ma suvisuddhaj±timaºi viya sobhano, kiñci mala½ apanetabba½ natthi, kimattha½ bhagav± p±de pakkh±les²ti ±ha “buddh±nan”ti-±di.
326. Anuruddh±ti v± ekasesanayena vutta½ vir³pekasesassapi icchitabbatt±, evañca katv± bahuvacananiddesopi samatthito hoti. Iriy±patho khamat²ti sar²rassa lahuµµh±nat±ya catubbidhopi iriy±patho sukhappavattiko. J²vita½ y±pet²ti y±pan±lakkhaºa½ j²vita½ ima½ sar²rayanta½ y±peti sukhena pavatteti. U¼uªkay±gu½ v± kaµacchubhikkha½ v±ti ida½ makaravuttiy± missakabhattena y±pana½ vattanti katv± vutta½. Ten±ha “bhikkh±c±ravatta½ pucchat²”ti.
Aññamañña½ sa½sandat²ti satipi ubhayesa½ kal±p±na½ paramatthato bhede pacurajanehi duviññeyyan±natta½ kh²rodakasammodita½ accantameva sa½saµµha½ viya hutv± tiµµhati. Ten±ha “visu½ na hoti, ekatta½ viya upet²”ti. Piyabh±vad²pan±ni cakkh³ni piyacakkh³ni. Piy±yati, piy±yitabboti v± piyoti. Samaggav±sassa ya½ ekantak±raºa½, ta½ pucchanto bhagav± “yath± katha½ pan±”ti-±dim±h±ti “kathanti k±raºapucch±”ti vutta½. Yo nesa½ mett±sahit±na½yeva kamm±d²na½ aññamaññasmi½ paccupaµµh±n±k±ro, ta½ sandh±ya “kathan”ti pucch±. Tath± hi parato “eva½ kho maya½, bhante”ti-±din± therehi vissajjana½ kathita½.
Mitta½ etassa atth²ti metta½, k±yakamma½. ¾v²ti pak±sa½. Rahoti appak±sa½. Yañhi uddissa metta½ k±yakamma½ paccupaµµhapeti, ta½ tassa sammukh± ce, pak±sa½ hoti, parammukh± ce, appak±sa½. Ten±ha “±vi ceva raho c±ti sammukh± ceva parammukh± c±”ti. Itar±n²ti parammukh± k±yavac²kamm±ni. “Tatth±”ti-±din± saªkhepato vuttamattha½ vivaritu½ “ya½ h²”ti-±di vutta½. Sammajjan±divasena paµijaggitabbayutta½ µh±na½ v±. Tathev±ti yath± sammukh± kate mett±k±yakamme vutta½, tatheva “Kacci khaman²yan”ti evam±dik± kath± sammodan²yakath±. Yath± parehi saddhi½ attano chidda½ na hoti, tath± paµisanth±ravasena pavatt± kath± paµisanth±rakath±. “Aho tad± therena mayha½ dinno ov±do, dinn± anus±san²”ti eva½ k±lantare saritabbayutt±, chas±raº²yapaµisa½yutt± v± kath± s±raº²yakath±. Suttapada½ nikkhipitv± tassa atthaniddesavasena s²l±didhammapaµisa½yutt± kath± dhamm²kath±. Sarena suttassa ucc±raºa½ sarabhañña½. Pañhassa ñ±tu½ icchitassa atthassa pucchana½ pañhapucchana½. Tassa yath±pucchitassa-±disana½ pañhavissajjana½. Eva½ samann±haratoti eva½ manasikaroto, eva½ metta½ upasa½haratoti attho.
Ekato k±tu½ na sakk±, tasm± n±n±. Hitaµµhen±ti attano viya aññamaññassa hitabh±vena. Nirantaraµµhen±ti antar±bh±vena bhed±bh±vena. Aviggahaµµhen±ti avirodhabh±vena. Samaggaµµhen±ti sahitabh±vena. Paribhaº¹a½ katv±ti bahalatanumattik±lepehi limpetv±. C²vara½ v± dhovant²ti attano c²vara½ v± dhovanti. Paribhaº¹a½ v±ti attano paººas±l±ya paribhaº¹a½ v± karonti.
327. Paµiviruddh± ev±ti etth±pi “yebhuyyen±”ti pada½ ±netv± sambandhitabba½. Tesa½ appam±dalakkhaºanti tesa½ appamajjanasabh±va½. Kacci pana vo anuruddh± samagg±ti etth±pi voti nip±tamatta½, paccattavacana½ v±, kacci tumheti evamattho veditabbo. Samuggap±tinti samuggapuµasadisa½ p±ti½.
Paººas±l±ya½ anto bahi ca sammajjanena sodhitaªgaºat± vattapaµipatti. Paµivisamattamev±ti attano y±panapaµivisamattameva. Os±petv±ti pakkhipitv±. Pam±ºamev±ti attano y±panapam±ºameva. Vuttanayena jahitv±ti p±¼iya½ vuttanayena jahitv±.
Hatthena hattha½ sa½sibbant±ti attano hatthena itarassa hattha½ da¼haggahaºavasena bandhant±. Vilaªgheti desantara½ p±peti eten±ti vilaªghako, hattho. Hattho eva vilaªghako hatthavilaªghako, tena hatthavilaªghakena.
Ta½ akhaº¹a½ katv±ti ta½ t²supi divasesu dhammassavana½ pavattanavasena akhaº¹ika½ katv±. Etanti “pañc±hika½ kho pan±”ti-±divacana½. Pañcame pañcame ahani bhavat²ti pañc±hika½. Bhagavat± pucchitena anuruddhattherena. Pam±daµµh±nesuyev±ti aññesa½ pam±daµµh±nesuyeva. “Pam±daµµh±nesuyev±”ti vuttamevattha½ p±kaµatara½ k±tu½ “aññesañh²”ti-±di vutta½. Papañcakaraºaµµh±n±n²ti kath±papañcassa karaºaµµh±n±ni vissaµµhakath±pavattanena kammaµµh±ne pamajjanaµµh±n±ni. Tatth±pi “maya½, bhante, kammaµµh±naviruddha½ na paµipajj±m±”ti sikh±ppatta½ attano appam±dalakkhaºa½ thero dasseti. Ettaka½ µh±na½ muñcitv±ti pana ida½ tad± vih±rasam±patt²na½ va¼añj±bh±vena vutta½.
328. Jh±nassa adhippetatt± “alamariyañ±ºadassanaviseso”icceva vutta½. Attano samm±paµipannat±ya satthu citt±r±dhanattha½ tassa ca vises±dhigamassa satthu paccakkhabh±vato thero “kiñhi no siy±, bhante”ti ±ha. Y±vadev±ti yattaka½ k±la½ eka½ divasabh±ga½ v± sakalaratti½ v± y±va satta v± divase.
329. Samatikkam±y±ti sammadeva atikkaman±ya. Sati hi upari vises±dhigame heµµhimajjh±na½ samatikkanta½ n±ma hoti paµippassaddhi ca. Ten±ha “paµippassaddhiy±”ti. ѱºadassanavisesoti k±raº³pac±rena vuttoti veditabbo. Vedayitasukhatoti vedan±sahitajjh±nasukhato v± phalasukhato v±. Avedayitasukhanti nibb±nasukha½ viya vedan±rahita½ sukha½. Avedayitasukhanti ca nidassanamattameta½, ta½ pana aphassa½ asañña½ acetananti sabbacittacetasikarahitameva. Tato ca satipi r³padhammappavattiya½ tassa acetanatt± sabbaso saªkh±radukkhavirahitat±ya santatar± paº²tatar± ca nirodhasam±patt²ti vuccate. Ten±ha “avedayitasukha½ santatara½ paº²tatara½ hot²”ti. Tena vutta½ “imamh± c±”ti-±di.
330. S±maggiras±nisa½sameva nesa½ bhagav± kathesi ajjh±say±nuk³latt± tassa. Anus±vetv±ti anupagamanavasena sammadeva ±rocetv±. “Anusa½s±vetv±”ti v± p±µho, so evattho. Tato paµinivattitv±ti etarahi bhagavato ekavih±re ajjh±sayoti satthu mana½ gaºhant± “idheva tiµµhath±”ti vissajjitaµµh±nato nivattitv± Pabbajj±d²n²ti ±di-saddena upasampad±-visuddhi-dhutakammaµµh±n±nuyoga-jh±navimokkha-sam±patti-ñ±ºadassana-maggabh±van±-phalasacchikiriy±dike saªgaºh±ti. Adhigantv±p²ti pi-saddena yath±dhigat±nampi. Attano guºakath±ya aµµiyam±n±ti bhagavanta½ niss±ya adhigantv±pi dhamm±dhikaraºa½ satthuvihes±bh±vad²pane bhagavato p±kaµaguº±na½ kath±ya aµµiyam±n±p²ti yojan±. Devat±ti ta½ta½sam±pattil±bhiniyo devat±. Mukha½ me sajjanti mukha½ me kathane samattha½, kathane yogyanti attho.
331. Eva½ ±gatoti eva½ ±µ±n±µiyasutte ±gato. Paliveµhenteti codente. Macchar±yant²ti attano guº±na½ bhagavatopi ±rocana½ asaham±n± macchar±yant²ti so cintet²ti katv± vutta½.
01 Tesa½ l±bh±ti tesa½ vajjir±j³na½ vajjiraµµhav±s²nañca manussatta½, patir³padesav±s±diko, bhagavato tiººañca kulaputt±na½ dassanavandanad±nadhammassavan±dayo l±bh±. Suladdh± l±bh±ti yojan±. Pasannacitta½ anussareyy±ti ta½ kulañheta½ s²l±diguºe citta½ pas±detv± anussareyya. Vutta½ tesa½ “anussaraºamp±ha½, bhikkhave, tesa½ bhikkh³na½ bah³pak±ra½ vad±m²”ti (itivu. 104; sa½. ni. 5.184).

C³¼agosiªgasuttavaººan±ya l²natthappak±san± samatt±.