8. Mah±hatthipadopamasuttavaººan±

300. Jaªgal±nanti ettha yo nipicchalena amuduko nirudakat±ya thaddhal³khabh³mippadeso, so “jaªgalo”ti vuccati. Tabbahulat±ya pana idha sabbo bh³mippadeso jaªgalo, tasmi½ jaªgale j±t±, bhav±ti v± jaªgal±, tesa½ jaªgal±na½. Evañhi nad²car±nampi hatth²na½ saªgaho kato hoti. Samodh±tabb±na½ viya hi samodh±yak±nampi jaªgalaggahaºena gahetabbato. Pathav²talac±r²nanti imin± jalac±rino na nivatteti adissam±nap±datt±. P±º±nanti s±dh±raºavacanampi “padaj±t±n²”ti saddantarasannidh±nena visesaniviµµhameva hot²ti ±ha “sap±dakap±º±nan”ti. “Muttagatan”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 2.119; a. ni. 9.11) gata-saddo anatthantaro viya, j±ta-saddo anatthantaroti ±ha “padaj±t±n²ti pad±n²”ti. Samodh±nanti samavarodha½, antogama½ v±. Mahantatten±ti vipulabh±vena.
Kusal± dhamm±ti anavajjasukhavip±k± dhamm±, na anavajjamattadhamm±. Kusalattike ±gatanayena hi idha kusal± dhamm± gahetabb±, na b±hitikasutte ±gatanayena. Catubbidho saªgahoti kasm± vutta½, nanu ekavidhovettha saªgaho adhippetoti? Na, attha½ aggahetv± aniddh±ritatthassa saddasseva gahitatt±. Saªgaha-saddo t±va attano atthavasena catubbidhoti ayañhettha attho. Atthopi v± aniddh±ritaviseso s±maññena gahetabbata½ patto “saªgaha½ gacchat²”ti ettha saªgaha-saddena vacan²yata½ gatoti na koci doso, niddh±rite visese tassa ekavidhat± siy±, na tato pubbeti. Saj±tisaªgahoti sam±naj±tiy±, sam±naj±tik±na½ v± saªgaho. Dh±tukath±vaººan±ya½ pana “j±tisaªgaho”icceva vutta½, ta½ j±ti-saddassa s±pekkhasaddatt± j±tiy± saªgahoti vutte attano j±tiy±ti viññ±yati sambandh±rahassa aññassa avuttatt±ti katv± vutta½. Idha pana r³pakaº¹avaººan±ya½ (dha. sa. aµµha. 594) viya p±kaµa½ katv± dassetu½ “saj±tisaªgaho”icceva vutta½. Sañj±yanti etth±ti sañj±ti, sañj±tiy± saªgaho sañj±tisaªgaho, sañj±tidesavasena saªgahoti attho. “Sabbe rathik±”ti vutte sabbe rathayodh± rathena yujjhanakiriy±ya ekasaªgahoti. “Sabbe dhanuggah±”ti vutte sabbe iss±s± dhanun± vijjhanakiriy±ya ekasaªgahoti ±ha “eva½ kiriyavasena saªgaho”ti. R³pakkhandhena saªgahitanti r³pakkhandhena ekasaªgaha½ r³pakkhandhoteva gaºita½, gahaºa½ gatanti attho.
Diya¹¹hameva sacca½ bhajati maggasaccadukkhasaccekadesabh±vato. Saccekadesantogadhampi saccantogadhameva hot²ti ±ha “sacc±na½ antogadhatt±”ti. Id±ni tamattha½ s±sanato ca lokato ca upama½ ±ha ritv± d²petu½ “yath± h²”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha s±dhikamida½, bhikkhave, diya¹¹hasikkh±padasatanti ida½ yasmi½ k±le ta½ sutta½ desita½, tad± paññattasikkh±padavasena vutta½, tato para½ pana s±dhik±ni dvesat±ni sikkh±pad±n²ti. Sikkh±na½ antogadhatt± adhis²lasikkh±ya. Ettha ca “s²la½ sikkhantopi tisso sikkh± sikkhat²”ti visamoya½ upaññ±so. Tattha hi yo pah±tabba½ pajahati, sa½varitabbato sa½vara½ ±pajjati, ayamassa adhis²lasikkh±. Yo tattha cetaso avikkhepo, ayamassa adhicittasikkh±. Y± tattha v²ma½s±, ayamassa adhipaññ±sikkh±. Iti so kulaputto sar³pato labbham±n± eva tisso sikkh± sikkhat²ti d²pito, na sikkh±na½ antogadhat±mattena. Ten±ha aµµhakath±ya½ “yo tath±bh³tassa sa½varo, ayamettha adhis²lasikkh±, yo tath±bh³tassa sam±dhi, ayamettha adhicittasikkh±, y± tath±bh³tassa paññ±, aya½ adhipaññ±sikkh±. Im± tisso sikkh± tasmi½ ±rammaºe t±ya satiy± tena manasik±rena sikkhati ±sevati bh±veti bahul²karot²”ti. Idha pana sacc±na½ antogadhatt± sacca-sadd±bhidheyyat±mattena cat³su saccesu gaºanantogadh± hont²ti? Na, tatth±pi hi nippariy±yato adhis²lasikkh±va labbhati, itar± pariy±yatoti katv± “sikkh±na½ antogadhatt±”ti vutta½.
Cat³su ariyasaccesu saªgaha½ gacchant²ti ca tato amuccitv± tasseva antogadhata½ sandh±ya vutta½. Evañca katv± “yath± ca ekassa hatthipadass±”ti-±din± dassit± hatthipadopam± samatthit± daµµhabb±. Ekasmimpi dv²supi t²supi saccesu gaºana½ gat± dhamm±ti ida½ na kusalattikavaseneva veditabba½, atha kho tikadukesu yath±raha½ labbham±napadavasena veditabba½. Tattha ekasmi½ sacce gaºana½ gato dhammo asaªkhatadhammo daµµhabbo, dv²su saccesu gaºana½ gat± kusal± dhamm±, tath± akusal± dhamm±, aby±kat± ca dhamm±, t²su saccesu gaºana½ gat± saªkhat± dhamm±, eva½ aññesampi tikadukapad±na½ vasena ayamattho yath±raha½ vibhajitv± vattabbo. Ten±ha “ekasmimpi…pe… gat±va hont²”ti. Ekadeso hi samud±yantogadhatt± viseso viya s±maññena sam³hena saªgaha½ labhati. Ten±ha “sacc±na½ antogadhatt±”ti. Desan±nukkamoti ariyasacc±ni uddisitv± dukkhasaccaniddesavasena pañcanna½ up±d±nakkhandh±na½ vibhajana½. Tattha ca r³pakkhandhaniddesavasena-±dito ajjhattik±ya pathav²dh±tuy± vibhajananti. Aya½ imiss± desan±ya anukkamo.
301. Ta½ paneta½ upam±hi vibh±vetu½ “yath± h²”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha suj±tanti sundara½, susaºµhita½ supariºatañc±ti adhipp±yo. Pesiyoti vil²ve. Mudubh±vato kucchibh±ga½ ±d±ya. Itare ca catt±ro koµµh±seti pañcadh± bhinnakoµµh±sesu itare ca catt±ro koµµh±se. Itare ca tayo koµµh±seti-±dito catudh± bhinnakoµµh±sesu itare ca tayo koµµh±se.
R±japutt³pam±y±ti rañño jeµµhaputta-upam±ya. Nti pi¼andhana½. Ure v±y±majanita-ariyaj±tiy± oraso. Mukhato j±toti mukhato niggatadhammadesan±ya j±to, buddh±na½ v± dhammak±yassa mukhabh³ta-ariyadhammato j±to. Tato eva dhammajo dhammanimmito. Satthu dhammad±y±dasseva gahitatt± dhammad±y±do. Ten±ha “no ±misad±y±do”ti. Nti “bhagavato putto”ti-±divacana½. Mah±paññat±diguºehi s±tisaya½ anupubbabh±ve µhitatt± samm± yath±bh³ta½ vadam±no vattu½ sakkonto vadeyya.
Akutobhaya½ nibb±na½ nibb±nag±miniñca. R±garaj±d²na½ vigamena vigataraja½ dhamma½ desenta½ sugata½ samm±sambuddha½ bhikkh³na½ parosahassa½ payirup±sat²ti yojan±.
“Sevetha bhajath±”ti vatv± tattha k±raºam±ha “paº¹it± bhikkh³ anugg±hak±”ti. Paº¹it±pi sam±n± na appassut±, atha kho ov±d±nus±san²hi anugg±hak±ti purim± upam± therasseva vasena ud±haµ±, dutiy± pana bhagavato bhikkhusaªghassapi vasena ud±haµ±.
302. Ajjhattik±ti sattasant±napariy±pann±. Ajjhatta½ paccattanti padadvayenapi ta½ta½p±µipuggalikadhamm± vuccant²ti ±ha “ubhayampeta½ niyak±dhivacanamev±”ti. Sasantatipariy±pannat±ya pana att±ti gahetabbabh±v³pagamanavasena att±na½ adhikicca uddissa pavatta½ ajjhatta½, ta½ta½sattasant±napariy±pannat±ya paccatta½. Ten±ha aµµhakath±ya½ (visuddhi. 1.307) “attani pavattatt± ajjhatta½, att±na½ paµicca paµicca pavattatt± paccattan”ti. Kakkha¼anti kathina½. Yasm± ta½ thaddhabh±vena sahaj±t±na½ patiµµh± hoti, tasm± “thaddhan”ti vutta½. Kharigatanti kharasabh±vesu gata½ tappariy±panna½, kharasabh±vamev±ti attho. Yasm± pana kharasabh±va½ pharus±k±rena upaµµh±nato pharus±k±ra½ hoti, tasm± vutta½ “pharusan”ti. Up±dinna½ n±ma sar²raµµhaka½. Tattha ya½ kammasamuµµh±na½, ta½ nippariy±yato “up±dinnan”ti vuccati, itara½ anup±dinna½. Tadubhayampi idha taºh±d²hi ±dinnagahitapar±maµµhavasena up±dinnamev±ti dassetu½ “sar²raµµhakañh²”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha ±dinnanti abhiniviµµha½. Mamanti gahita½. Ahanti par±maµµha½ Dh±tukammaµµh±nikass±ti catudh±tuvavatth±navasena dh±tukammaµµh±na½ pariharantassa. Etth±ti etasmi½ dh±tukammaµµh±ne. T²su koµµh±ses³ti tippak±resu koµµh±sesu. Na hi te tayo catt±ro koµµh±s±.
Vuttappak±r±ti “kes± lom±”ti-±din± vuttappak±r±. N±n±sabh±vatoti satipi kakkha¼abh±vas±maññe sasambh±ravibhattito pana kes±disaªgh±tagatan±n±sabh±vato. ¾layoti apekkh±. Nikant²ti nik±man±. Patthan±ti taºh±patthan±. Pariyuµµh±nanti taºh±pariyuµµh±na½. Gahaºanti k±mup±d±na½. Par±m±soti parato ±masan± micch±bhiniveso. Na balav± ±lay±di. Yadi eva½ kasm± vibhaªge b±hir±pi pathav²dh±tu vitth±reneva vibhatt±ti? Yath±dhammadesanatt± tattha vitth±reneva desan± pavatt±, yath±nulomadesanatt± panettha vuttanayena desan± sa½khitt±.
Yojetv± dasset²ti ekajjha½ katv± dasseti. ti ajjhattik± pathav²dh±tu. Sukhapariggaho hoti “na me so att±”ti. Siddhe hi anattalakkhaºe dukkhalakkhaºa½ aniccalakkhaºañca siddhameva hoti saªkhatadhammesu tadavin±bh±vatoti. Vis³k±yat²ti vis³ka½ vir³pakiriya½ pavatteti. S± pana atthato vipphandanamev±ti ±ha “vipphandat²”ti. Ass±ti ajjhattik±ya pathav²dh±tuy±. Acetan±bh±vo p±kaµo hoti dh±tumattat±ya dassanato. Ta½ ubhayamp²ti ta½ pathav²dh±tudvayampi.
Tato visesataren±ti tato b±hiramah±pathavito visesavantatarena, lahutaren±ti attho. Kuppat²ti luppati. Vil²yam±n±ti pakati-udake loºa½ viya vilaya½ gacchant². Udak±nugat±ti udaka½ anugat± udakagatik±. Ten±ha “udakameva hot²”ti. Abh±vo eva abh±vat±, na bhavat²ti v± abh±vo, tath±sabh±vo dhammo. Tassa bh±vo abh±vat±. Vayo vin±so dhammo sabh±vo etass±ti vayadhammo, tassa bh±vo vayadhammat±, atthato khayo eva. Sesapadesupi eseva nayo. Ten±ha “sabbehipi imehi padehi aniccalakkhaºameva vuttan”ti. Viddha½sanabh±vassa pana paveditabbatt± k±ma½ aniccalakkhaºameva vutta½ sar³pato, itar±nipi atthato vutt±nev±ti dassento ±ha “ya½ pan±”ti-±di.
Matta½ khaºamatta½ tiµµhat²ti mattaµµho, appamattaµµho mattaµµhako, ati-ittarakhaºikoti attho. Ten±ha “parittaµµhitikass±”ti. Ýhitiparittat±y±ti ekacittapavattimattat±µh±nalakkhaºassa itarabh±vena Ekassa cittassa pavattikkhaºamatteneva hi satt±na½ paramatthato j²vanakkhaºo paricchinno. Ten±ha “aya½ h²”ti-±di.
J²vitanti j²vitindriya½. Sukhadukkh±ti sukhadukkh± vedan±. Upekkh±pi hi sukhadukkh±sveva antogadh± iµµh±niµµhabh±vato. Attabh±voti j²vitavedan±viññ±º±ni µhapetv± avasiµµhadhamm± vutt±. Keval±ti attaniccabh±vena avomiss±. Ekacittasam±yutt±ti ekena cittena sahit± ekacittakkhaºik±. Lahuso vattate khaºoti t±ya eva ekakkhaºikat±ya lahuko ati-ittaro j²vit±d²na½ khaºo vattati v²tivattat²ti attho. Idanti g±th±vacana½.
Yasm± satt±na½ j²vita½ ass±sapass±s±na½ apar±parasañcaraºa½ labham±nameva pavattati, na alabham±na½, tasm± ass±sapass±s³panibaddha½. Tath± mah±bh³t±na½ samavuttita½ labham±nameva pavattati. Pathav²dh±tuy± hi ±podh±tu-±d²na½ v± aññatarapakopena balasampannopi puriso patthaddhak±yo v±, atis±r±divasena kilinnap³tik±yo v±, mah±¹±hapareto v±, sañchijjam±nasandhibandhano v± hutv± j²vitakkhaya½ p±puº±ti. Kaba¼²k±r±h±r±na½ yuttak±le labhantasseva j²vita½ pavattati, alabhantassa parikkhaya½ gacchati, viññ±ºe pavattam±neyeva ca j²vita½ pavattati, na tasmi½ appavattam±ne. J²vitanti ettha iti-saddena iriy±path³panibaddhat±s²tuºh³panibaddhat±d²na½ saªgaho. Catunnañhi iriy±path±na½ samavuttita½ labham±nameva j²vita½ pavattati, aññatarassa pana adhimattat±ya ±yusaªkh±r± upacchijjanti, s²tuºh±nampi samavuttita½ labham±nameva pavattati, atis²tena pana ati-uºhena v± abhibh³tassa vipajjat²ti.