So bhagav±ti (a. ni. µ². 2.3.64) yo “tath±gato arahan”ti-±din± kittitaguºo, so bhagav±. Ima½ lokanti nayida½ mah±janassa sammukh±matta½ loka½ sandh±ya vutta½, atha kho anavasesa½ pariy±d±y±ti dassetu½ “sadevakan”ti-±di vutta½. Ten±ha “id±ni vattabba½ nidasset²”ti. Paj±tatt±ti yath±saka½ kammakilesehi nibbattatt±. Pañcak±m±vacaradevaggahaºa½ p±risesañ±yena itaresa½ padantarehi saªgahitatt±. Sadevakanti ca avayavena viggaho samud±yo sam±sattho. Chaµµhak±m±vacaradevaggahaºa½ pacc±sattiñ±yena. Tattha hi so j±to tanniv±s² ca. Brahmak±yik±dibrahmaggahaºanti etth±pi eseva nayo. Paccatthikapacc±mittasamaºabr±hmaºaggahaºanti nidassanamattameta½ apaccatthik±na½ asamit±b±hitap±p±nañca samaºabr±hmaº±na½ sassamaºabr±hmaºivacanena gahitatt±. K±ma½ “sadevakan”ti-±divisesan±na½ vasena sattavisayo loka-saddoti viññ±yati tulyayogavisayatt± tesa½, “salomako sapakkhako”ti-±d²su pana atulyayogepi aya½ sam±so labbhat²ti byabhic±radassanato paj±gahaºanti ±ha “paj±vacanena sattalokaggahaºan”ti.
Ar³pino satt± attano ±neñjavih±rena viharant± “dibbant²ti dev±”ti ima½ nibbacana½ labhant²ti ±ha “sadevakaggahaºena ar³p±vacaradevaloko gahito”ti. Tenev±ha “±k±s±nañc±yatan³pag±na½ dev±na½ sahabyatan”ti (a. ni. 3.117). Sam±rakaggahaºena chak±m±vacaradevaloko gahito tassa savisesa½ m±rassa vase vattanato. R³p² brahmaloko gahito ar³p²brahmalokassa visu½ gahitatt±. Catuparisavasen±ti khattiy±dicatuparisavasena. Itar± pana catasso paris± sam±rak±diggahaºena gahit± ev±ti. Avasesasabbasattaloko n±gagaru¼±dibhedo.
Ett±vat± bh±gaso loka½ gahetv± yojana½ dassetv± id±ni tena tena visesena abh±gasova loka½ gahetv± yojana½ dassetu½ “apicetth±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha ukkaµµhaparicchedatoti ukka½sagabhivij±nanena. Pañcasu hi gat²su devalokova seµµho. Tatth±pi ar³pino “d³rasamuss±ritakilesadukkhat±ya, santapaº²ta-±neñjavih±rasamaªgit±ya, ativiya d²gh±yukat±y±”ti evam±d²hi visesehi ativiya itarehi ukkaµµh±. Brahm± mah±nubh±voti-±di½ dasasahassiya½ mah±brahmuno vasena vadati. “Ukkaµµhaparicchedato”ti hi vutta½. Anuttaranti seµµha½ navalokuttara½. Bh±v±nukkamo bh±vavasena paresa½ ajjh±sayavasena “sadevakan”ti-±d²na½ pad±na½ anukkamo. T²h±k±reh²ti devam±rabrahmasahitat±saªkh±tehi t²hi pak±rehi. T²su pades³ti “sadevakan”ti-±d²su t²su padesu. Tena ten±k±ren±ti sadevakatt±din± tena tena pak±rena. Tedh±tukameva pariy±dinnanti por±º± pan±h³ti yojan±.
Abhiññ±ti ya-k±ralopen±ya½ niddeso, abhij±nitv±ti ayamettha atthoti ±ha “abhiññ±ya, adhikena ñ±ºena ñatv±”ti. Anum±n±dipaµikkhepoti anum±na-upam±na-atth±patti-±dipaµikkhepo ekappam±ºatt±. Sabbattha appaµihatañ±º±c±rat±ya hi sabbapaccakkh± buddh± bhagavanto. Anuttara½ vivekasukhanti phalasam±pattisukha½. Tena v²timiss±pi kad±ci bhagavato dhammadesan± hot²ti ±ha “hitv±p²”ti. Bhagav± hi dhamma½ desento yasmi½ khaºe paris± s±dhuk±ra½ v± deti, yath±suta½ v± dhamma½ paccavekkhati, ta½ khaºa½ pubbabh±gena paricchinditv± phalasam±patti½ sam±pajjati, yath±paricchedañca sam±pattito vuµµh±ya µhitaµµh±nato paµµh±ya dhamma½ deseti.
Desak±yattena ±º±dividhin± atisajjana½ pabodhana½ desan±ti s± pariyattidhammavasena veditabb±ti ±ha “desan±ya t±va catuppadik±yapi g±th±y±”ti-±di. S±sitabbapuggalagatena yath±par±dh±dis±sitabbabh±vena anus±sana½ tadaªgavinay±divasena vinayana½ s±sananti ta½ paµipattidhammavasena veditabbanti ±ha “s²lasam±dhivipassan±”ti-±di. Kusal±nanti maggakusal±na½, kusal±nanti v± anavajj±na½. Tena phaladhamm±nampi saªgaho siddho hoti. ¾dibh±vo s²ladiµµh²na½ tamm³lakatt± uttarimanussadhamm±na½. Tasmi½ tasmi½ atthe kath±vadhisaddappabandho g±th±vasena suttavasena ca vavatthito pariyattidhammo, yo idheva “desan±”ti vutto. Tassa pana attho visesena s²l±di ev±ti ±ha “bhagav± hi dhamma½ desento…pe… nibb±na½ dasset²”ti. Tattha s²la½ dassetv±ti s²laggahaºena sasambh±ra½ s²la½ gahita½. Tath± maggaggahaºena sasambh±ro maggoti tadubhayena anavasesato pariyatti-attha½ pariy±diyati. Ten±ti s²l±didassanena. Atthavasena hi idha desan±ya ±dikaly±º±dibh±vo adhippeto. Kathikasaºµhit²ti kathikassa saºµh±na½ kathanavasena samavaµµh±na½.
Na so s±ttha½ deseti niyy±natthavirahato tass± desan±ya. Ekabyañjan±diyutt± v±ti sithil±dibhedesu byañjanesu ekappak±reneva, dvippak±reneva v± byañjanena yutt± v± dami¼abh±s± viya. Sabbattha niroµµha½ katv± vattabbat±ya sabbaniroµµhabyañjan± v± kir±tabh±s± viya. Sabbattheva vissajjan²yayuttat±ya sabbavissaµµhabyañjan± v± yavanabh±s± viya. Sabbattheva s±nus±rat±ya sabbaniggahitabyañjan± v± p±rasik±dimilakkhabh±s± viya. Sabb±pes± ekadesabyañjanavaseneva pavattiy± aparipuººabyañjan±ti katv± “abyañjan±”ti vutt±. Amakkhetv±ti apalicchetv± avin±setv±, ah±petv±ti v± attho.
Bhagav± yamattha½ ñ±petu½ ekag±thampi ekav±kyampi deseti, tamattha½ t±ya desan±ya sabbaso paripuººameva katv± deseti, eva½ sabbatth±ti ±ha “ekadesan±pi aparipuºº± natth²”ti. Ullumpanasabh±vasaºµhiten±ti sa½kilesapakkhato vaµµadukkhato ca uddharaºasabh±v±vaµµhitena cittena. Tasm±ti yasm± sikkh±ttayasaªgaha½ sakala½ s±sana½ idha “brahmacariyan”ti adhippeta½, tasm±. Brahmacariyanti imin± sam±n±dhikaraº±ni sabbapad±ni yojetv± attha½ dassento “so dhamma½ deseti…pe… pak±set²ti evamettha attho daµµhabbo”ti ±ha.
D³rasamuss±ritam±nasseva s±sane samm±paµipatti sambhavati, na m±na j±tikass±ti ±ha “nihatam±natt±”ti. Ussannatt±ti bahulabh±vato. Bhog±rogy±divatthuk± mad± suppaheyy± honti nimittassa anavaµµh±nato’ na tath± kulavijj±mad±ti khattiyabr±hmaºakul²n±na½ pabbajit±nampi j±tivijj± niss±ya m±najappana½ duppajahanti ±ha “yebhuyyena hi…pe… m±na½ karont²”ti Vij±tit±y±ti nih²naj±tit±ya. Patiµµh±tu½ na sakkont²ti suvisuddhi½ katv± s²la½ rakkhitu½ na sakkonti. S²lavasena hi s±sane patiµµh±ti. Patiµµh±tunti v± saccapaµivedhena lokuttar±ya patiµµh±ya patiµµh±tu½. Yebhuyyena hi upanissayasampann± suj±t± eva honti, na dujj±t±.
Parisuddhanti r±g±d²na½ accantameva pah±nad²panato nirupakkilesat±ya sabbaso visuddha½. Saddha½ paµilabhat²ti pothujjanikasaddh±vasena saddahati. Viññuj±tik±nañhi dhammasampattigahaºapubbik± saddh±siddhi dhammapam±ºadhammappasannabh±vato. J±yampatik± vasant²ti k±ma½ “j±yampatik±”ti vutte gharas±mikagharas±minivasena dvinna½yeva gahaºa½ viññ±yati. Yassa pana purisassa anek± paj±patiyo honti, tattha ki½ vattabba½? Ek±yapi t±ya v±so samb±dhoti dassanattha½ “dve”ti vutta½. R±g±din± sakiñcanaµµhena, khettavatthu-±din± sapalibodhaµµhena. R±garaj±d²na½ ±gamanapathat±pi uppajjanaµµh±nat± ev±ti dvepi vaººan± ekatth±, byañjanameva n±na½. Alagganaµµhen±ti asajjanaµµhena appaµibaddhabh±vena. Eva½ akusalakusalappavatt²na½ µh±nabh±vena ghar±v±sapabbajj±na½ samb±dhabbhok±sata½ dassetv± id±ni kusalappavattiy± eva aµµh±naµh±nabh±vena tesa½ ta½ dassetu½ “apic±”ti-±di vutta½.
Saªkhepakath±ti visu½ visu½ paduddh±ra½ akatv± saªkhepato atthavaººan±. Ekampi divasanti ekadivasamattampi. Akhaº¹a½ katv±ti dukkaµamattassapi an±pajjanena akhaº¹ita½ katv±. Kilesamalena amal²nanti taºh±sa½kiles±divasena asa½kiliµµha½ katv±. Paridahitv±ti niv±setv± ceva p±rupitv± ca. Ag±rav±so ag±ra½ uttarapadalopena, tassa va¹¹hi-±vaha½ ag±rassa hita½. Bhogakkhandhoti bhogar±si bhogasamud±yo. ¾bandhanaµµhen±ti “putto natt±”ti-±din± pemavasena sapariccheda½ sambandhanaµµhena. “Amh±kamete”ti ñ±yant²ti ñ±t². Pit±mahapituputt±divasena parivattanaµµhena parivaµµo.
292. S±maññav±c²pi sikkh±-saddo s±j²va-saddasannidh±nato upari vuccam±navises±pekkh±ya ca visesaniviµµhova hot²ti vutta½ “y± bhikkh³na½ adhis²lasaªkh±t± sikkh±”ti. Sikkhitabbaµµhena sikkh±. Saha ±j²vanti etth±ti s±j²vo. Sikkhanabh±ven±ti sikkh±ya s±j²ve ca sikkhanabh±vena. Sikkha½ parip³rentoti s²lasa½vara½ parip³rento. S±j²vañca av²tikkamantoti– “n±mak±yo padak±yo niruttik±yo byañjanak±yo”ti (p±r±. aµµha. 39) vuttasikkh±pada½ bhagavato vacana½ av²tikkamanto hutv±ti attho. Idameva ca dvaya½ “sikkhanan”ti vutta½. Tattha s±j²v±natikkamo sikkh±p±rip³riy± paccayo. Tato hi y±va magg± sikkh±p±rip³r² hot²ti.
Pajahitv±ti sam±d±navasena pariccajitv±. Pah²nak±lato paµµh±ya…pe… viratov±ti etena pah±nassa viratiy± ca sam±nak±lata½ dasseti Yadi eva½ “pah±y±”ti katha½ purimak±laniddesoti? Tath± gahetabbata½ up±d±ya. Dhamm±nañhi paccayapaccayuppannabh±ve apekkhite sahaj±t±nampi paccayapaccayuppannabh±vena gahaºa½ purimapacchimabh±veneva hot²ti gahaºapavatti-±k±ravasena paccayabh³tesu hirottappañ±º±d²su pah±nakiriy±ya purimak±lavoh±ro, paccayuppann±su ca virat²su viramaºakiriy±ya aparak±lavoh±ro ca hot²ti “pah±ya paµivirato hot²”ti vutta½. Pah±y±ti v± sam±d±nak±lavasena vutta½, pacch± v²tikkamitabbavatthusam±yogavasena paµiviratoti. Pah±y±ti v±–
“Nihantv±na tamokhandha½, uditoya½ div±karo;
vaººapabh±ya bh±seti, obh±setv± samuggato”ti ca. (Visuddhi. mah±µ². 2.578)–

Evam±d²su viya sam±nak±lavasena veditabbo. Atha v± p±ºo atip±t²yati eten±ti p±º±tip±to, p±ºagh±tahetubh³to ahirik±nottappadosamohavihi½ s±diko cetan±padh±no sa½kilesadhammo, ta½ sam±d±navasena pah±ya. Tato…pe… viratova hot²ti avadh±raºena tass± viratiy± k±l±divasena apariyantata½ dasseti. Yath± hi aññe sam±dinnaviratik±pi anavaµµhitacittat±ya l±bhaj²vik±dihetu sam±d±na½ bhindanteva, na evamaya½. Aya½ pana pah²nak±lato paµµh±ya orato viratoti. Adinn±d±na½ pah±y±ti-±d²supi imin± nayena attho veditabbo.

Daº¹ana½ daº¹anip±tana½ daº¹o. Muggar±dipaharaºavisesopi idha paharaºavisesoti adhippeto. Ten±ha “µhapetv± daº¹a½ sabbampi avasesa½ upakaraºan”ti. Daº¹anasaªkh±tassa paraviheµhanassa parivajjitabh±vad²panattha½ daº¹asatth±na½ nikkhepavacananti ±ha “par³pagh±tatth±y±”ti-±di. Vihi½sanabh±vatoti vib±dhanabh±vato. Lajj²ti ettha vuttalajj±ya ottappampi vuttanti daµµhabba½. Na hi p±pajigucchanap±putt±sarahita½, p±pabhaya½ v± alajjana½ atthi. Yassa v± dhammagarut±ya dhammassa ca att±dh²natt± att±dhipatibh³t± lajj±kiccak±r², tassa lok±dhipatibh³ta½ ottappa½ kiccakaranti vattabbameva natth²ti “lajj²”icceva vutta½. Daya½ mettacittata½ ±pannoti kasm± vutta½, nanu day±-saddo “aday±panno”ti-±d²su karuº±ya vattat²ti? Saccameta½, aya½ pana day±-saddo anurakkhaºattha½ anton²ta½ katv± pavattam±no mett±ya ca karuº±ya ca pavattat²ti idha mett±ya pavattam±no vutto. Mijjati siniyhat²ti mett±, s± etassa atth²ti metta½, metta½ citta½ etassa atth²ti mettacitto, tassa bh±vo mettacittat±, mett±-icceva attho.