7. C³¼ahatthipadopamasuttavaººan±

288. Setapariv±roti setapaµicchado, setavaºº±laªk±roti attho. Pubbe pana “set±laªk±r±”ti ass±laªk±ro gahito, idha cakkapañjarakubbar±dirath±vayavesu k±tabb±laªk±ro. Eva½ vutten±ti eva½ “set±ya sudan”ti-±din± pak±rena sa½yuttamah±vagge (sa½. ni. 5.4) vuttena. N±timah± yuddhamaº¹ale sañc±rasukhattha½. Yodho s±rath²ti dvinna½, paharaºad±yakena saddhi½ tiººa½ v±.
Nagara½ padakkhiºa½ karoti nagarasobhanattha½. Ida½ kira tassa br±hmaºassa j±ºussoºiµµh±nantara½ j±tisiddha½ parampar±gata½ c±ritta½. Ten±ha “ito ettakehi divaseh²”ti-±di. C±rittavasena nagarav±sinopi tath± tath± paµipajjanti. Puññav±dimaªgalakathane niyutt± m±ªgalik±. Suvatthipattan±ya sovatthik±. ¾di-saddena vand²-±d²na½ saªgaho. Yasasirisampattiy±ti yasasampattiy± sirisampattiy± ca, pariv±rasampattiy± ceva vibhavasobh±sampattiy± c±ti attho.
Nagar±bhimukho p±y±si attano bhikkh±c±ravel±ya. Paº¹ito maññeti ettha maññeti ida½ “maññat²”ti imin± sam±nattha½ nip±tapada½. Tassa iti-sadda½ ±netv± attha½ dassento “paº¹itoti maññat²”ti ±ha. Anumatipucch±vasena ceta½ vutta½. Tenev±ha “ud±hu no”ti. “Ta½ ki½ maññati bhava½ vacch±yano samaºassa gotamassa paññ±veyyattiyan”ti hi vuttamevattha½ puna gaºhanto “paº¹ito maññe”ti ±ha. Tasm± vutta½ “bhava½ vacch±yano, samaºa½ gotama½ paº¹itoti maññati, ud±hu no”ti, yath± te khameyya, tath± na½ katheh²ti adhipp±yo.
Aha½ ko n±ma, mama avisayo esoti dasseti. Ko c±ti hetunissakke paccattavacananti ±ha “kuto c±”ti. Tath± c±ha “kena k±raºena j±niss±m²”ti, yena k±raºena samaºassa gotamassa paññ±veyyattiya½ j±neyya½, ta½ k±raºa½ mayi natth²ti adhipp±yo. Buddhoyeva bhaveyya, abuddhassa sabbath± buddhañ±º±nubh±va½ j±nitu½ na sakk±ti. Vuttañheta½– “appamattaka½ kho paneta½, bhikkhave, oramattaka½ s²lamattaka½, yena puthujjano tath±gatassa vaººa½ vadam±no vadeyya (d². ni. 1.7), atthi, bhikkhave, aññeva dhamm± gambh²r± duddas± duranubodh± …pe… yehi tath±gatassa yath±bhucca½ vaººa½ samm± vadam±no vadeyy±”ti (d². ni. 1.28) ca. Etth±ti “sopi n³nassa t±disov±”ti etasmi½ pade. Pasattha pasatthoti pasatthehi attano guºeheva so pasattho, na tassa kittin±, pasa½s±sabh±veneva p±sa½soti attho. Ten±ha “sabbaguº±nan”ti-±di. Maºiratananti cakkavattino maºiratana½. Sadevake loke p±sa½s±nampi p±sa½soti dassetu½ “pasatthehi v±”ti dutiyavikappo gahito.
Araº²yato attho, so eva vasat²ti vasoti atthavaso, tassa tassa payogassa ±nisa½sabh³ta½ phalanti ±ha “atthavasanti atth±nisa½san”ti. Attho v± vuttalakkhaºo vaso etass±ti atthavaso, k±raºa½. N±gavanav±sikoti hatthin±g±na½ vicaraºavane tesa½ gahaºattha½ vasanako. Anuggahitasippoti asikkhitahatthisippo ±yatavitthatassa padamattassa dassanena “mah± vata, bho n±go”ti niµµh±gamanato. Parato pana bhagavat± vuttaµµh±ne. Uggahitasippo puriso n±gavanikoti ±gato ±yatavitthatassa padassa uccassa ca nisevitassa byabhic±rabh±va½ ñatv± tattakena niµµha½ agantv± mah±hatthi½ disv±va niµµh±gamanato. ѱºa½ pajjati etth±ti ñ±ºapad±ni, khattiyapaº¹it±d²na½ dhammavinaye vin²tatt± vinayehi adhigatajjh±n±d²ni. T±ni hi tath±gatagandhahatthino desan±ñ±ºena akkantaµµh±n±ni. Catt±r²ti pana vineyy±na½ idha khattiyapaº¹it±divasena catubbidh±na½yeva gahitatt±.
289. Puggalesu paññ±ya ca nipuºat± paº¹itasamaññ± nipuºatthassa dassanasamatthat±vasenev±ti ±ha “sukhuma-atthantarapaµivijjhanasamatthe”ti. Kata-saddo idha nipphannapariy±yo. Pare pavadanti ettha, eten±ti parappav±do, parasamayo. Parehi pavadana½ parappav±do, vigg±hikakath±ya parav±damaddana½. Tadubhayampi ekato katv± p±¼iya½ vuttanti ±ha “viññ±taparappav±de ceva parehi saddhi½ katav±daparicaye c±”ti, parasamayesu parav±damaddanesu ca nipphanneti attho. V±lavedhir³peti v±lavedhipatir³pe. Ten±ha “v±lavedhidhanuggahasadise”ti. V±lanti anekadh± bhinnassa v±lassa a½susaªkh±ta½ v±la½. Bhindant± viy±ti ghaµ±di½ saviggaha½ muggar±din± bhindant± viya, diµµhigat±ni eka½sato bhindant±ti adhipp±yo. “Attha½ guyha½ paµicchanna½ katv± pucchiss±m±”ti saªkhata½ padapañha½ pucchant²ti dassetu½ “dupadamp²”ti-±di vutta½. Vadanti eten±ti v±do, doso. Pucch²yat²ti pañho, attho. Pucchati eten±ti pañho, saddo. Tadubhaya½ ekato gahetv± ±ha “evar³pe pañhe”ti-±di. “Eva½ puccheyya, eva½ vissajjeyy±”ti ca pucch±vissajjan±na½ sikh±vagamana½ dasseti. Seyyoti uttamo, paramo l±bhoti adhipp±yo.
Eva½ attano v±davidhamanabhayenapi pare bhagavanta½ pañha½ pucchitu½ na visahant²ti vatv± id±ni v±davidhamanena vin±pi na visahanti ev±ti dassetu½ “apic±”ti-±di ±raddha½. Citta½ pas²dati pare attano attabh±vampi vissattha½ niyy±detuk±m± honti odhisakamett±pharaºasadisatt± tassa mett±yanassa. Dassanasampann±ti daµµhabbat±ya sampann± dassan±nuttariyabh±vato, ativiya dassan²y±ti attho.
Saraºagamanavasena s±vak±ti lokiyasaraºagamanena s±vak±, lokuttarasaraºagamanena pana s±vakatta½ parato ±gamissati, tañca pabbajitavasena vuccati, idha gahaµµhavasena, ubhayatth±pi saraºagamanena s±vakatta½ veditabba½. Te hi paralokavajjabhayadass±vino kulaputt±, ±c±rakulaputt±pi t±dis± bhavanti. Thoken±ti imin± “mana½ anass±m±”ti padassattha½ vadati.
290. Ud±har²yati ubbegap²tivasen±ti, tath± v± ud±haraºa½ ud±na½. Ten±ha “ud±h±ra½ ud±har²”ti. Assa dhammass±ti assa paµipattisaddhammapubbakassa paµivedhasaddhammassa. Soti hatthipadopamo hatthipadopamabh±vena vuccam±no dhammo. Ett±vat±ti ettakena paribb±jakena vuttakath±maggamattena. K±ma½ tena vuttakath±maggenapi hatthipadopamabh±vena vuccam±no dhammo paripuººova arahatta½ p±petv± paveditatt±, so ca kho saªkhepato, na vitth±ratoti ±ha “na ett±vat± vitth±rena parip³ro hot²”ti. Yadi yath± vitth±rena hatthipadopamo parip³ro hoti, tath± desan± ±raddh±, atha kasm± kusaloti na vuttoti codan±.
291. ¾y±matop²ti pi-saddena ubbedhenapi rass±ti dasseti. N²cak±y± hi t± honti. Ucc±ti uccak±. Nisevana½, nisevati etth±ti v± nisevita½. Nisevanañcettha kaº¹uyitavinodanattha½ gha½sana½. Ten±ha “khandhappadese gha½sitaµµh±nan”ti. Ucc±ti an²c±, ubbedhavantiyoti attho. K±¼±rik±ti vira¼adant±, visaªgatadant±ti attho. Ten±ha “dant±nan”ti-±di. Ka¼±rat±y±ti vira¼at±ya. ¾rañjit±n²ti rañjit±ni, vilikhit±n²ti attho. Kaºerut±y±ti kuµumalasaºµh±nat±ya. Aya½ v±ti ettha -saddo sa½sayitanicchayattho yath± aññatth±pi “aya½ v± imesa½ samaºabr±hmaº±na½ sabbab±lo sabbam³¼ho”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 1.181).
N±gavana½ viy±ti mah±hatthino v±manik±d²nañca padadassanaµµh±nabh³ta½ n±gavana½ viya. ¾dito paµµh±ya y±va n²varaºappah±n± dhammadesan± tath±gatassa b±hiraparibb±jak±d²nañca padadassanabh±vato. ¾dito paµµh±y±ti ca “ta½ suº±h²”ti padato paµµh±ya. Kusalo n±gavaniko viya yog±vacaro pariyesanavasena pam±ºaggahaºato. Matthake µhatv±ti imassa suttassa pariyos±ne µhatv±. Imasmimpi µh±neti “evameva kho br±hmaº±”ti-±din± upameyyassa atthassa upaññ±sanaµµh±nepi.
Sv±yanti (d². ni. µ². 1.190) idha-saddamatta½ gaºh±ti, na yath±visesitabba½ idha-sadda½. Tath± hi vakkhati “katthaci padap³raºamattamev±”ti. Loka½ up±d±ya vuccati loka-saddena sam±n±dhikaraºabh±vena vuttatt±. Sesapadadvaye pana saddantarasannidh±namattena ta½ ta½ up±d±ya vuttat± daµµhabb±. Ok±santi kañci padesa½ indas±laguh±ya adhippetatt±. Padap³raºamattameva ok±s±padisanassapi asambhavato.
Tath±gata-sadd±d²na½ atthaviseso m³lapariy±yaµµhakath±(ma. ni. aµµha. 1.12) visuddhimaggasa½vaººan±su vutto eva. Tath±gatassa sattanik±yantogadhat±ya “idha pana sattaloko adhippeto”ti vatv± tatth±ya½ yasmi½ sattanik±ye, yasmiñca ok±se uppajjati, ta½ dassetu½ “sattaloke uppajjam±nopi c±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha imasmi½yeva cakkav±¼eti imiss± eva lokadh±tuy±. “Aµµh±nameta½, bhikkhave, anavak±so, ya½ ekiss± lokadh±tuy± dve arahanto samm±sambuddho apubba½ acarima½ uppajjeyyun”ti (d². ni. 3.161; ma. ni. 3.129; a. ni. 1.278; netti. 57; mi. pa. 5.1.1) ettha j±tikhettabh³t± dasasahassilokadh±tu “ekiss± lokadh±tuy±”ti vutt±. Idha pana ima½yeva lokadh±tu½ sandh±ya “imasmi½yeva cakkav±¼e”ti vutta½. Tisso hi saªg²tiyo ±ru¼he tepiµake buddhavacane visayakhetta½ ±º±khetta½ j±tikhettanti tividhe khette µhapetv± ima½ cakkav±¼a½ aññasmi½ cakkav±¼e buddh± uppajjant²ti sutta½ natthi, na uppajjant²ti pana atthi. Katha½? “Na me ±cariyo atthi, sadiso me na vijjati (ma. ni. 1.285; 2.341; mah±va. 11; kath±. 405; mi. pa. 4.5.11), ekomhi samm±sambuddho”ti (ma. ni. 1.285; 2.341; kath±. 405; mah±va. 11) evam±d²ni imiss± lokadh±tuy± µhatv± vadantena bhagavat±– “ki½ pan±vuso, s±riputta, atthetarahi añño samaºo v± br±hmaºo v± bhagavat± samasamo sambodhiyanti eva½ puµµh±ha½, bhante, noti vadeyyan”ti vatv± tassa k±raºa½ dassetu½– “aµµh±nameta½ anavak±so, ya½ ekiss± lokadh±tuy± dve arahanto samm±sambuddh±”ti ima½ sutta½ dassentena dhammasen±patin± ca buddh±na½ uppattiµµh±nabh³ta½ ima½ lokadh±tu½ µhapetv± aññattha anuppatti vutt± hot²ti.
Suj±t±y±ti-±din± vuttesu cat³su vikappesu paµhamo vikappo buddhabh±v±ya ±sannatarapaµipattidassanavasena vutto. ¾sannatar±ya hi paµipattiya½ µhito “uppajjat²”ti vuccati upp±dassa ekantikatt±, pageva paµipattiy± matthake µhito. Dutiyo buddhabh±v±vahapabbajjato paµµh±ya ±sannapaµipattidassanavasena, tatiyo buddhakaradhammap±rip³rito paµµh±ya buddhabh±v±ya paµipattidassanavasena. Na hi mah±satt±na½ tusitabhav³papattito paµµh±ya bodhisambh±rasambharaºa½ n±ma atthi. Catuttho buddhakaradhammasam±rambhato paµµh±ya. Bodhiy± niyatabh±v±pattito pabhuti hi viññ³hi “buddho uppajjat²”ti vattu½ sakk± upp±dassa ekantikatt±, yath± pana “tiµµhanti pabbat±, sandanti nadiyo”ti tiµµhanasandanakiriy±na½ avicchedamup±d±ya vattam±napayogo, eva½ upp±datth±ya paµipajjanakiriy±ya avicchedamup±d±ya cat³su vikappesu “uppajjati n±m±”ti vutta½. Sabbapaµhama½ uppannabh±vanti sabbehi upari vuccam±nehi visesehi paµhama½ tath±gatassa uppannat±saªkh±ta½ atthit±visesa½.