Uµµheh²ti v± dhammadesan±ya appossukkat±saªkh±tasaªkoc±pattito kil±subh±vato uµµhaha.
283. Garuµµh±niya½ payirup±sitv± garutara½ payojana½ uddissa abhipatthan± ajjhesan±, s±pi atthato y±can±va hot²ti ±ha “ajjhesananti y±canan”ti. Padesavisaya½ ñ±ºadassana½ ahutv± buddh±na½yeva ±veºikabh±vato ida½ ñ±ºadvaya½ “buddhacakkh³”ti vuccat²ti ±ha “imesañhi dvinna½ ñ±º±na½ buddhacakkh³ti n±man”ti. Tiººa½ maggañ±º±nanti heµµhim±na½ tiººa½ maggañ±º±na½ “dhammacakkh³”ti n±ma½ catusaccadhammadassanamattabh±vato. Yato t±ni ñ±º±ni vijj³pamabh±vena vutt±ni, aggamaggañ±ºa½ pana ñ±ºakiccassa sikh±ppattiy± na dassanamatta½ hot²ti “dhammacakkh³”ti na vuccati, tato ta½ vajir³pamabh±vena vutta½. Vuttanayen±ti “apparajakkh±”ti ettha vuttanayena. Yasm± mandakiles± “apparajakkh±”ti vutt±, tasm± bahalakiles± “mah±rajakkh±”ti veditabb±. Paµipakkhavidhamanasamatthat±ya tikkh±ni s³r±ni visad±ni, vuttavipariy±yena mud³ni. Saddh±dayo ±k±r±ti saddahan±dippak±re vadati. Sundar±ti kaly±º±. Sammohavinodaniya½ (vibha. aµµha. 814) pana “yesa½ ±say±dayo koµµh±s± sundar±, te sv±k±r±, vipar²t± dv±k±r±”ti vutta½, ta½ im±ya atthavaººan±ya aññadatthu sa½sandati samet²ti daµµhabba½. K±raºa½ n±ma paccay±k±ro, sacc±ni v±.
Aya½ panettha p±¼²ti ettha apparajakkh±dipad±na½ atthavibh±vane aya½ tassatthassa vibh±van² p±¼i. Saddh±d²na½ vimuttiparip±cakadhamm±na½ balavabh±vo tappaµipakkh±na½ p±padhamm±na½ dubbalabh±veneva hoti, tesañca balavabh±vo saddh±d²na½ dubbalabh±ven±ti vimuttiparip±cakadhamm±na½ atthit±natthit±vasena apparajakkhamah±rajakkhat±dayo p±¼iya½ vibhajitv± dassit±. Khandh±dayo eva lujjanapalujjanaµµhena loko. Sampattibhavabh³to loko sampattibhavaloko, sugatisaªkh±to upapattibhavo. Sampatti sambhavati eten±ti sampattisambhavaloko. Sugatisa½vattaniyo kammabhavo. Duggati saªkh±ta-upapattibhavaduggati sa½vattaniyakammabhav± vipattibhavalokavipattisambhavalok±.
Puna ekakaduk±divasena loka½ vibhajitv± dassetu½ “eko loko”ti-±di vutta½. ¾h±r±dayo viya hi ±h±raµµhitik± saªkh±r± lujjanapalujjanaµµhena lokoti. Ettha eko loko sabbe satt± ±h±raµµhitik±ti y±ya½ puggal±dhiµµh±n±ya kath±ya sabbasaªkh±r±na½ paccay±yattavutti, t±ya sabbe saªkh±r± ekova loko ekavidho pak±rantarassa abh±vato. Dve lok±ti-±d²supi imin± nayena attho veditabbo. N±maggahaºena cettha nibb±nassa aggahaºa½ tassa alokasabh±vatt±. Nanu ca ±h±raµµhitik±ti ettha paccay±yattavuttit±ya maggaphal±nampi lokat± ±pajjat²ti? N±pajjati pariññeyy±na½ dukkhasaccadhamm±na½ idha “loko”ti adhippetatt±. Atha v± na lujjati na palujjat²ti yo gahito tath± na hoti, so lokoti ta½-gahaºarahit±na½ lokuttar±na½ natthi lokat±. Up±d±n±na½ ±rammaºabh³t± khandh± up±d±nakkhandh±. Das±yatan±n²ti dasa r³p±yatan±ni. Sesamettha suviññeyyameva.
Vivaµµajjh±sayassa adhippetatt± tassa ca sabba½ tebh³makakamma½ garahitabba½ vajjitabbañca hutv± upaµµh±t²ti vutta½ “sabbe abhisaªkh±r± vajja½, sabbe bhavag±mikamm± vajjan”ti. Apparajakkhamah±rajakkh±d²su pañcasu dukesu ekekasmi½ dasa dasa katv± “paññ±s±ya ±k±rehi im±ni pañcindriy±ni j±n±t²”ti vutta½. Atha v± anvayato byatirekato ca saddh±d²na½ indriy±na½ paropariyatta½ j±n±t²ti katv± tath± vutta½. Ettha ca apparajakkh±dibhabb±divasena ±vajjentassa bhagavato te satt± puñjapuñj±va hutv± upaµµhahanti, na ekek±.
Uppal±ni ettha sant²ti uppalin², gacchopi jal±sayopi, idha pana jal±sayo adhippetoti ±ha “uppalavane”ti. Y±ni udakassa anto nimugg±neva hutv± pusanti va¹¹hanti, t±ni antonimuggapos²ni. D²pit±n²ti aµµhakath±ya½ pak±sit±ni, idheva v± “aññ±nip²”ti-±din± bh±sit±ni.
Ugghaµitaññ³ti ugghaµita½ n±ma ñ±ºugghaµana½, ñ±ºe ugghaµitamatte eva j±n±t²ti attho. Vipañcita½ vitth±ritameva attha½ j±n±t²ti vipañcitaññ³. Uddes±d²hi netabboti neyyo. Saha ud±haµavel±y±ti ud±h±re ud±haµamatteyeva. Dhamm±bhisamayoti catusaccadhammassa ñ±ºena saddhi½ abhisamayo. Aya½ vuccat²ti aya½ “catt±ro satipaµµh±n±”ti-±din± nayena sa½khittena m±tik±ya µhapiyam±n±ya desan±nus±rena ñ±ºa½ pesetv± arahatta½ gaºhitu½ samattho puggalo “ugghaµitaññ³”ti vuccati. Aya½ vuccat²ti aya½ sa½khittena m±tika½ µhapetv± vitth±rena atthe vibhajiyam±ne arahatta½ p±puºitu½ samattho puggalo “vipañcitaññ³”ti vuccati. Uddesatoti uddesahetu, uddisantassa, uddis±pentassa v±ti attho. Paripucchatoti attha½ paripucchantassa. Anupubbena dhamm±bhisamayo hot²ti anukkamena arahattappatti hoti. Na t±ya j±tiy± dhamm±bhisamayo hot²ti tena attabh±vena magga½ v± phala½ v± antamaso jh±na½ v± vipassana½ v± nibbattetu½ na sakkoti. Aya½ vuccati puggalo padaparamoti aya½ puggalo byañjanapadameva parama½ ass±ti padaparamoti vuccati.
Kamm±varaºen±ti (vibha. aµµha. 826) pañcavidhena ±nantariyakammena. Vip±k±varaºen±ti ahetukapaµisandhiy±. Yasm± pana duhetuk±nampi ariyamaggapaµivedho natthi, tasm± duhetuk± paµisandhipi “vip±k±varaºamev±”ti veditabb±. Kiles±varaºen±ti niyatamicch±diµµhiy±. Assaddh±ti buddh±d²su saddh±rahit±. Acchandik±ti kattukamyat±kusalacchandarahit±. Uttarakuruk± manuss± acchandikaµµh±na½ paviµµh±. Duppaññ±ti bhavaªgapaññ±ya parih²n±. Bhavaªgapaññ±ya pana paripuºº±yapi yassa bhavaªga½ lokuttarassa paccayo na hoti, sopi duppañño eva n±ma. Abhabb± niy±ma½ okkamitu½ kusalesu dhammesu sammattanti kusalesu dhammesu sammattaniy±masaªkh±ta½ magga½ okkamitu½ adhigantu½ abhabb±. Na kamm±varaºen±ti-±d²ni vuttavipariy±yena veditabb±ni.
Nibb±nassa dv±ra½ pavisanamaggo. Vivaritv± µhapito mah±karuº³panissayena sayambhuñ±ºena adhigatatt±. Saddha½ pamuñcant³ti attano saddha½ pavesentu, saddahan±k±ra½ upaµµhapent³ti attho. Sukhena akicchena pavattan²yat±ya suppavattita½. Na bh±si½ na bh±siss±m²ti cintesi½.
284. Dhamma½ desess±m²ti eva½ pavattitadhammadesan±paµisa½yuttassa vitakkassa sattamasatt±hato para½ aµµhamasatt±heyeva uppannatt± vutta½ “aµµhame satt±he”ti. Na itarasatt±h±ni viya paµiniyatakiccalakkhitassa aµµhamasatt±hassa n±ma pavattitassa sabbh±v±.
Vivaµanti devat±viggahena vivaµa-aªgapaccaªganidd±ya jan±na½ p±kaµa½ vippak±ranti attho. “Buddhatta½ anadhigantv± na pacc±gamiss±m²”ti uppannavitakk±tisayahetukena pathav²parivattanacetiya½ n±ma dassetv±. S±kiyakoliyamallarajjavasena t²ºi rajj±ni. Rukkham³leti nigrodham³le. Vatv± pakk±mi, pakkamantiy± cass± mah±satto ±k±ra½ dassesi suvaººath±laggahaº±ya, s± “tumh±ka½ ta½ pariccattamev±”ti pakk±mi.
Div±vih±ra½ katv±ti n±n±sam±pattiyo sam±pajjanena div±vih±ra½ viharitv±. “K±ma½ taco ca nh±ru ca, aµµhi ca avasissatu, upasussatu sar²re ma½salohitan”ti-±din± sutte (ma. ni. 2.184; sa½. ni. 2.237; a. ni. 2.5; 8.13; mah±ni. 17, 196) ±gatanayena caturaªgav²riya½ adhiµµhahitv±.
Navayojananti ubbedhato vutta½, puthulato dv±dasayojan±, d²ghato y±va cakkav±¼± ±yat±ti vadanti. Ajjhottharanto upasaªkamitv±– “uµµhehi so, siddhattha, aha½ imassa pallaªkassa anucchaviko”ti vatv± tattha sakkhi½ ot±rento attano parisa½ niddisi. Ekappah±reneva– “ayameva anucchaviko, ayameva anucchaviko”ti kol±halamak±si, ta½ sutv± mah±satto…pe… hattha½ pas±reti. Ya½ sandh±ya vutta½–
“Acetan±ya½ pathav², aviññ±ya sukha½ dukha½;
s±pi d±nabal± mayha½, sattakkhattu½ pakampath±”ti. (Cariy±. 1.124).
Pubbeniv±sañ±ºa½ visodhetv±ti ±netv± sambandho s²h±valokanañ±yena. Vaµµavivaµµa½ sammasitv±ti catusaccamanasik±ra½ sandh±y±ha. Imassa pallaªkassa atth±y±ti pallaªkas²sena adhigatavisesa½ dasseti. Tattha hi sikh±ppattavimuttisukha½ avijahanto antarantar± ca paµiccasamupp±daªga½ manasikaronto ekapallaªkena nis²di. Ekacc±nanti y± adhigatamagg± sacchikatanirodh± ekadesena ca buddhaguºe j±nanti, t± µhapetv± tadaññesa½ devat±na½. Aññepi buddhattakar±ti vis±kh±puººamato paµµh±ya rattindiva½ eva½ niccasam±hitabh±vahetuk±na½ buddhaguº±na½ upari aññepi buddhattas±dhak±, “aya½ buddho”ti buddhabh±vassa paresa½ vibh±van± dhamm± ki½ nu kho atth²ti yojan±.
Animiseh²ti dhammap²tivipph±ravasena pas±davikasitaniccalat±ya nimesarahitehi. Ratanacaªkameti devat±hi m±pite ratanamayacaªkame. Ratanabh³t±na½ sattanna½ pakaraº±na½ tattha ca anantanayassa dhammaratanassa sammasanena ta½ µh±na½ ratanagharacetiya½ n±ma j±tantipi vadanti. Evanti vakkham±n±k±rena. Chabbaºº±na½ rasm²na½ dantehi nikkhamanato chaddantan±gakula½ viy±ti nidassana½ vutta½.
Heµµh± lohap±s±dappam±ºoti navabh³makassa sabbapaµhamassa lohap±s±dassa heµµh± lohap±s±dappam±ºo. Khandhakaµµhakath±ya½ (mah±va. aµµha. 5) pana tattha “bhaº¹±g±ragabbhappam±ºan”ti vutta½.
Paccaggheti abhinave. Pacceka½ mahagghat±ya paccaggheti keci, ta½ na sundara½. Na hi buddh± bhagavanto mahaggha½ paµiggaºhanti paribhuñjanti v±. Piº¹ap±tanti ettha manthañca madhupiº¹ikañca sandh±ya vadati. Aya½ vitakkoti– “kassa nu kho aha½ paµhama½ dhamma½ deseyyan”ti aya½ parivitakko.
Paº¹iccen±ti sam±pattipaµil±bhasa½siddhena adhigamab±husaccasaªkh±tena paº¹itabh±vena. Veyyattiyen±ti sam±pattipaµil±bhapaccayena p±rih±riyapaññ±saªkh±tena byattabh±vena. Medh±v²ti tihetukapaµisandhipaññ±saªkh±t±ya ta½ta½itikattabbat±paññ±saªkh±t±ya ca medh±ya samann±gatoti evampettha attho daµµhabbo. Mah±j±niyoti mah±parih±niko. ¾gamanap±d±pi natth²ti ida½ paµhama½ vattabba½, ath±ha½ tattha gaccheyya½, gantv± desiyam±na½ dhammampissa sotu½ sotapas±dopi natth²ti yojan±. Ki½ pana bhagavat± attano buddh±nubh±vena te dhamma½ ñ±petu½ na sakk±ti? ¾ma, na sakk±. Na hi parato ghosa½ antarena s±vak±na½ dhamm±bhisamayo sambhavati, aññath± itarapaccayarahitassapi dhamm±bhisamayena bhavitabba½, na ca ta½ atthi. Vuttañheta½– “dveme, bhikkhave, paccay± samm±diµµhiy± upp±d±ya parato ca ghoso ajjhattañca yonisomanasik±ro”ti (a. ni. 2.127). P±¼iya½ r±masseva sam±pattil±bhit± ±gat±, na udakassa, ta½ tassa bodhisattena sam±gatak±lavasena vutta½ So hi pubbepi tattha yuttappayutto viharanto mah±purisena khippaññeva sam±patt²na½ nibbattitabh±va½ sutv± sa½vegaj±to mah±satte tato nibbijja pakkante ghaµento v±yamanto nacirasseva aµµha sam±pattiyo nibbattesi. Tena vutta½ “nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatane nibbattoti addas±”ti. Ete aµµha br±hmaº±ti sambandho. Cha¼aªgav±ti cha¼aªgaviduno. Mantanti mantapada½. “Nijjh±yitv±”ti vacanaseso, mantetv±ti attho. Viy±kari½s³ti kathesu½.
Yath±mantapadanti lakkhaºamantasaªkh±tavedavacan±nur³pa½. Gat±ti paµipann±. “Dveva gatiyo bhavanti anaññ±”ti (d². ni. 2.33; 3.199-200; ma. ni. 2.384, 398) vuttaniy±mena nicchinitu½ asakkont± br±hmaº± vuttameva paµipajji½su, na mah±purisassa buddhabh±vappatti½ pacc±s²si½su. Ime pana koº¹aññ±dayo pañca “eka½sato buddho bhavissat²”ti j±tanicchayatt± mantapada½ atikkant±. Puººapattanti tuµµhid±na½. Nibbitakk±ti nibbikapp±, na dvedh± takk±.
Vappak±leti vapanak±le. Vapanattha½ b²j±ni n²haraºantena tattha agga½ gahetv± d±na½ b²jaggad±na½ n±ma. L±yanagg±d²supi eseva nayo. Dhaññaphalassa n±tipariºatak±le puthukak±le. L±yaneti sassal±yane. Yath± l³na½ hatthaka½ katv± veºivasena bandhana½ veºikaraºa½. Veºiyo pana purisabh±ravasena bandhana½ kal±po. Khale kal±p±na½ µhapanadivase agga½ gahetv± d±na½ khalagga½. Madditv± v²h²na½ r±sikaraºadivase agga½ gahetv± d±na½ bhaº¹agga½. Koµµh±g±re dhaññassa pakkhipanadivase d±na½ koµµhagga½. Uddharitv±ti khalato dhaññassa uddharitv±. Navanna½ aggad±n±na½ dinnatt±ti ida½ tassa rattaññ³na½ aggabh±vatth±ya kat±bhin²h±r±nur³pa½ pavattitas±vakap±ramiy± ciººante pavattitatt± vutta½. Tiººampi hi bodhisatt±na½ ta½ta½p±ramiy± sikh±ppattak±le pavattita½ puñña½ apuñña½ v± garutaravip±kameva hoti, dhammassa ca sabbapaµhama½ sacchikiriy±ya vin± katha½ rattaññ³na½ aggabh±vasiddh²ti. Bahuk±r± kho ime pañcavaggiy±ti ida½ pana upak±r±nussaraºamattakameva paricayavasena ±¼±rudak±nussaraºa½ viya.
285. Vivareti majjhe. Ten±ha “tig±vutantare µh±ne”ti. Ayojiyam±ne upayogavacana½ na p±puº±ti s±mivacanassa pasaªge antar±-saddayogena upayogavacanassa icchitatt±. Ten±ha “antar±saddena pana yuttatt± upayogavacana½ katan”ti.
Sabba½ tebh³makadhamma½ abhibhavitv± pariññ±bhisamayavasena atikkamitv±. Catubh³makadhamma½ anavasesa½ ñeyya½ sabbaso ñeyy±varaºassa pah²natt± sabbaññutaññ±ºena avedi½. Rajjanadussanamuyhan±din± kilesena. Appah±tabbampi kusal±by±kata½ tappaµibaddhakilesamathanena pah²natt± na hot²ti ±ha “sabba½ tebh³makadhamma½ jahitv± µhito”ti. ¾rammaºatoti ±rammaºakaraºavasena.
Kiñc±pi lokiyadhamm±nampi y±diso lokan±thassa adhigamo, na t±diso adhigamo par³padeso atthi, lokuttaradhamme panassa lesopi natth²ti ±ha “lokuttaradhamme mayha½ ±cariyo n±ma natth²”ti. Paµibh±gapuggaloti s²l±d²hi guºehi paµinidhibh³to puggalo. Sahetun±ti sahadhammena sap±µih²rakat±ya. Nayen±ti abhij±nanat±dividhin±. Catt±ri sacc±n²ti ida½ tabbinimuttassa ñeyyassa abh±vato vutta½. Saya½ buddhoti sayameva sayambhuñ±ºena buddho. Vigatapari¼±hat±ya s²tibh³to. Tato eva nibbuto. ¾hañchanti ±haniss±mi. Veneyy±na½ amat±dhigam±ya ugghosan±di½ katv± satthu dhammadesan± amatadundubh²ti vutt±.
Anantañ±ºo jitakilesoti anantajino. Evampi n±ma bhaveyy±ti eva½vidhe n±ma r³paratane ²disena ñ±ºena bhavitabbanti adhipp±yo. Aya½ hissa pabbajj±ya paccayo j±to, kat±dhik±ro cesa. Tath± hi bhagav± tena sam±gamattha½ padas±va ta½ magga½ paµipajji.
Koµµh±sasampann±ti aªgapaccaªgasaªkh±ta-avayavasampann±. Aµµ²yat²ti aµµo hoti, domanassa½ ±pajjat²ti attho.
Aviha½ upapann±seti avihesu nibbatt±. Vimutt±ti aggaphalavimuttiy± vimutt±. Te hitv± m±nusa½ deha½, dibbayoga½ upajjhagunti te upak± dayo m±nusa½ attabh±va½ jahitv± orambh±giyasa½yojanappah±nena avihesu nibbattamatt±va aggamagg±dhigamena dibbayoga½ uddhambh±giyasa½yojana½ samatikkami½su.
286. Saºµhapesunti “neva abhiv±detabbo”ti-±din± (mah±va. 12) saºµha½ kiriy±k±ra½ aka½su. Ten±ha “katika½ aka½s³”ti. Padh±natoti pubbe anuµµhitadukkaracaraºato. Pabh±vitanti v±c±samuµµh±na½, vac²nicch±raºanti attho. “Aya½ na kiñci visesa½ adhigamissat²”ti anukkaºµhanattha½. “Maya½ yattha katthaci gamiss±m±”ti m± vitakkayittha. Obh±soti vipassanobh±so. Nimittanti kammaµµh±nanimitta½. Ekapadenev±ti ekavacaneneva. “Anena pubbepi na kiñci micch± vuttapubban”ti sati½ labhitv±. Yath±bh³tav±d²ti uppannag±rav±.
Antovih±reyeva ahosi daharakum±ro viya tehi bhikkh³hi pariharito. Maleti sa½kilese. G±mato bhikkh³hi n²haµa½ upan²ta½ bhatta½ etass±ti n²haµabhatto, tena n²haµabhattena bhagavat±. Ettaka½ kath±magganti– “dvem±, bhikkhave, pariyesan±”ti ±rabhitv± y±va– “natthi d±ni punabbhavo”ti pada½, ettaka½ desan±magga½. K±mañcettha– “tumhepi mamañceva pañcavaggiy±nañca magga½ ±r³¼h±, ariyapariyesan± tumh±ka½ pariyesan±”ti aµµhakath±vacana½. Tena pana– “so kho aha½, bhikkhave, attan± j±tidhammo sam±no…pe… asa½kiliµµha½ anuttara½ yogakkhema½ nibb±na½ ajjhagamanti, atha kho, bhikkhave, pañcavaggiy± bhikkh³ may± eva½ ovadiyam±n±…pe… anuttara½ yogakkhema½ nibb±na½ ajjhagama½su…pe… natthi d±ni punabbhavo”ti imasseva suttapadassa attho vibh±vitoti katv± vutta½ “bhagav± ya½ pubbe avaca tumhepi mamañceva pañcavaggiy±nañca magga½ ±ru¼h±, ariyapariyesan± tumh±ka½ pariyesan±ti. Ima½ ekameva anusandhi½ dassento ±har²”ti.
287. Anag±riy±namp²ti pabbajit±nampi. Pañcak±maguºavasena anariyapariyesan± hoti gadhit±dibh±vena paribhuñjanato. Micch±j²vavasenapi anariyapariyesan± hot²ti tato visesanattha½ “pañcak±maguºavasen±”ti vutta½ sacchandar±gaparibhogassa adhippetatt±. Id±ni cat³su paccayesu k±maguºe niddh±retu½ “tatth±”ti-±di vutta½. Paribhogarasoti paribhogapaccayap²tisomanassa½. Aya½ pana rasasam±nat±vasena gahaºa½ up±d±ya “raso”ti vutto, na sabh±vato. Sabh±vena gahaºa½ up±d±ya p²tisomanassa½ dhamm±rammaºa½ siy±, na ras±rammaºa½. Appaccavekkhaºaparibhogoti paccavekkhaºarahito paribhogo, idamatthita½ aniss±ya gadhit±dibh±vena paribhogoti attho. Gadhit±ti taºh±ya baddh±. Mucchit±ti muccha½ moha½ pam±da½ ±pann±. Ajjhog±¼h±ti adhi-og±¼h±, ta½ ta½ ±rammaºa½ anupavisitv± µhit±. ¾d²nava½ apassant±ti sacchandar±gaparibhoge dosa½ aj±nant±. Apaccavekkhitaparibhogahetu-±d²nava½ nissarati atikkamati eten±ti nissaraºa½, paccavekkhaºañ±ºa½.
P±sar±sinti p±sasamud±ya½. Luddako hi p±sa½ o¹¹ento na eka½yeva, na ca ekasmi½yeva µh±ne o¹¹eti, atha kho ta½ta½mig±na½ ±gamanamagga½ sallakkhetv± tattha tattha o¹¹ento bah³yeva o¹¹eti, tasm± te cittena ekato gahetv± “p±sar±s²”ti vutta½. V±gurassa v± p±sapades±na½ bahubh±vato “p±sar±s²”ti vutta½.

P±sar±sisuttavaººan±ya l²natthappak±san± samatt±.