6. P±sar±sisuttavaººan±

272. S±dhumayanti ettha s±dhu-saddo ±y±canattho, na “s±dh±vuso”ti-±d²su (sa½. ni. 1.246; su. ni. 182) viya abhinandan±di-atthoti ±ha “±y±cant±”ti. Ten±ha p±¼iya½ “labheyy±m±”ti-±di vutta½. Na sakkonti, kasm±? Buddh± hi gar³ honti, paramagar³ uttama½ g±ravaµµh±na½, na yath± tath± upasaªkaman²y±. Ten±ha “ekac±riko s²ho”ti-±di.
“P±kaµakiriy±y±”ti saªkhepena vutta½ vivaritu½ “ya½ h²”ti-±di vutta½. Bhagav± sabbak±la½ kimevamak±s²ti? Na sabbak±lamevamak±si. Yad± pana ak±si, ta½ dassetu½ “bhagav± paµhamabodhiyan”ti-±di vutta½. Manussattabh±veti imin± purisattabh±va½ ulliªgeti. Dhanaparicc±go kato n±ma natthi bhagavato dharam±nak±leti adhipp±yo.
M±l±kacavaranti mil±tam±l±kacavara½. Rajojalla½ na upalimpati acchatarachavibh±vato. Vuttañheta½ “sukhumatt± chaviy± k±ye rajojalla½ na limpat²”ti. Yadi eva½ kasm± bhagav± nah±yat²ti ±ha “utuggahaºatthan”ti.
Vih±roti jetavanavih±ro. V²sati-usabha½ g±vutassa catuttho bh±goti vadanti. Kad±c²ti kasmiñci buddhupp±de. Acalamev±ti aparivattameva anaññabh±vato, mañc±na½ pana appamahantat±hi p±d±na½ patiµµhitaµµh±nassa h±niva¹¹hiyo hontiyeva.
Yantan±¼ik±hi paripuººasuvaººarasadh±r±hi. Nh±navattanti “pabbajitena n±ma eva½ nh±yitabban”ti nah±nac±ritta½ dassetv±. Yasm± bhagavato sar²ra½ sudhantac±m²karasam±navaººa½ suparisodhitapav±¼arucirakaracaraº±vara½ suvisuddhan²laratan±va¼isadisakesatanuruha½, tasm± taha½ taha½ vinissataj±tihiªgulakaras³pasobhita½ upari mahaggharatan±va¼isañch±dita½ jaªgamamiva kanakagirisikhara½ virocittha. Tasmiñca samaye dasabalassa sar²rato nikkhamitv± chabbaººarasmiyo samantato as²tihatthappam±ºe padese ±dh±vant² vidh±vant² ratan±va¼iratanad±ma-ratanacuººa-vippakiººa½ viya, pas±ritaratanacittakañcanapaµµamiva, ±siñcam±nal±kh±rasadh±r±-citamiva ukk±satanip±tasam±kulamiva, nirantara½ vippakiººa-kaºik±ra-kiªkiºika-pupphamiva, v±yuvegasamuddhata-cinapiµµhacuººa-rañjitamiva, indadhanu-vijjulat±-vit±nasanthatamiva, gaganatala½ ta½ µh±na½ pavanañca samm± pharanti. Tena vutta½ “vaººabh³mi n±mes±”ti-±di. Atthanti upameyyattha½. Upam±yoti “²diso ca hot²”ti yath±raha½ tadanucchavik± upam±. K±raº±n²ti upamupameyyasambandhavibh±van±ni k±raº±ni. P³retv±ti vaººana½ paripuººa½ katv±. Th±mo veditabbo “atitthe pakkhando”ti avattabbatt±.
273. Kaººik±ti sar²ragatabindukat±ni maº¹al±ni. Parikkh±rabhaº¹anti uttar±saªga½ saªgh±µiñca sandh±ya vadati. Ki½ pan±ya½ nayo buddh±nampi sar²re hot²ti? Na hoti, vattadassanattha½ paneta½ katanti dassetu½ “buddh±na½ pan±”ti-±di vutta½. Gamanavasena k±yass±bhin²haraºa½ gaman±bhih±ro. Yath±dhipp±y±vattana½ adhipp±yakopana½.
Aññatar±ya p±ramiy±ti nekkhammap±ramiy±. V²riyap±ramiy±ti apare. Mah±bhinikkhamanass±ti mahantassa carimabhave abhinikkhamanassa. Tañhi mahanta½ bhogakkhandha½ mahantañca ñ±tiparivaµµa½ mahantañca cakkavattisiri½ pajahitv± sadevakassa lokassa sam±rakassa ca acinteyy±parimeyyabhedassa mahato atth±ya hit±ya sukh±ya pavattatt± mahan²yat±ya ca mahanta½ abhinikkhamananti vuccati.
Purimoti “katam±ya nu kath±ya sannisinn± bhavath±”ti eva½ vutta-attho. K± ca pana voti ettha ca-saddo byatireke. Tena yath±pucchit±ya kath±ya vakkham±na½ vippakatabh±va½ joteti. Pana-saddo vacan±laªk±re. Y±ya hi kath±ya te bhikkh³ sannisinn±, s± eva antar±kath±bh³t± vippakat± visesena puna pucch²yati. Aññ±ti antar±-saddassa attham±ha. Aññattho hi aya½ antar±-saddo “bh³mantara½ (dha. sa. aµµha. nid±nakath±) samayantaran”ti-±d²su viya, antar±ti v± vemajjheti attho. Dasakath±vatthunissit±ti “ki½ s²la½ n±ma, kathañca p³retabba½, k±ni cassa sa½kilesavod±n±n²”ti-±din± appicch±dinissit± s²l±dinissit± ca kath±. Ariyoti niddoso. Atha v± atthak±mehi araº²yoti ariyo, ariy±na½ ayanti v± ariyoti. Bh±van±manasik±ravasena tuºh² bhavanti, na ekaccab±hirakapabbajit± viya m³gabbatasam±d±nena. Dutiyajjh±nampi ariyo tuºh²bh±vo vac²saªkh±rapah±nato. M³lakammaµµh±nanti p±rih±riya kammaµµh±nampi. Jh±nanti dutiyajjh±na½.
274. “Sannipatit±na½ vo, bhikkhave, dvayan”ti (ma. ni. 1.273; ud±. 12, 28, 29) aµµhuppattivasena desan± pavatt±ti tass± uparidesan±ya sambandha½ dassetu½ “dvem±, bhikkhave, pariyesan±ti ko anusandh²”ti anusandhi½ pucchati. Aya½ tumh±ka½ pariyesan±ti y± mah±bhinikkhamanapaµibaddh± dhamm² kath±, s± tumh±ka½ dhammapariyesan± dhammavic±raº± ariyapariyesan± n±ma. Ap±yamagganti anatth±vaha½ magga½. Uddes±nukkama½ bhinditv±ti uddes±nupubbi½ laªghitv±. Dhamma-saddo “amosadhamma½ nibb±nan”ti-±d²su viya pakatipariy±yo. J±yanasabh±voti j±yanapakatikoti attho. Sesapadesupi eseva nayo.
Sabbatth±ti yath± “puttabhariyan”ti dvandasam±savasena ekatta½, esa nayo sabbattha “d±sid±san”ti-±d²su sabbapadesu. Parato vik±ra½ an±pajjitv± sabbad± j±tar³pameva hot²ti j±tar³pa½, suvaººa½. Dhavalasabh±vat±ya rañj²yat²ti rajata½, r³piya½. Idha pana suvaººa½ µhapetv± ya½ kiñci upabhogaparibhog±raha½ rajata½teva gahita½. Upadh²yati ettha dukkhanti upadhayo. Cut²saªkh±ta½ maraºanti ekabhavapariy±panna½ khandhanirodhasaªkh±ta½ maraºam±ha. Khaºikanirodho pana khaºe khaºe. Ten±ha “satt±na½ viy±”ti. Sa½kilissat²ti d³savisena viya att±na½ d³sissati. Ten±ha bhagav±– “pañcime, bhikkhave, j±tar³passa upakkiles± ayo lohan”ti-±di (a. ni. 5.23). Mala½ gahetv±ti yehi sahayogato malina½ hoti, tesa½ malinabh±vapaccay±na½ vasena mala½ gahetv±. J²raºato jar±dhammav±re j±tar³pa½ gahitanti yojan±. Ye pana j±tidhammav±repi j±tar³pa½ na paµhanti, tesa½ itaresa½ viya j²raºadhammav±re sar³pato an±gatampi upadhiggahaºena gahitamev±ti daµµhabba½. Pariggahe µhit±na½ pana vasena vuccam±ne ap±kaµ±nampi j±tijar±maraº±na½ vasena yojan± labbhateva. J±tar³pas²sena cettha sabbassapi anindriyabaddhassa gahaºa½ daµµhabba½, puttabhariy±diggahaºena viya mitt±macc±diggahaºa½.
275. Ariyehi pariyesan±, ariy±na½ pariyesan±ti v± ariyapariyesan±ti sam±sadvaya½ dasseti “aya½, bhikkhave”ti-±din±.
276. M³lato paµµh±y±ti ya½ mah±bhinikkhamanassa m³labh±vesu-±d²navadassana½, tato paµµh±ya. Yasm± te bhikkh³ tattha mah±bhinikkhamanakath±ya sannisinn±, s± ca nesa½ antar±kath± vippakat±, tasm± bhagav± tesa½ m³lato paµµh±ya mah±bhinikkhamanakatha½ kathetu½ ±rabhi. Ahampi pubbeti visesavacana½ aparipakkañ±ºena saya½ carimabhave t²su p±s±desu tividhan±µakapariv±rassa dibbasampattisadis±ya mah±sampattiy± anubhavana½, abhinikkhamitv± padh±napadahanavasena attakilamath±nuyogañca sandh±y±ha. Anariyapariyesana½ pariyesinti etth±pi eseva nayo. Pañcavaggiy±p²ti yath±saka½ gihibhoga½ anuyutt± ta½ pah±ya pabbajitv± attakilamath±nuyoge µhit± satthu dhammacakkapavattanadesan±ya (sa½. ni. 5.1081; mah±va. 13; paµi. ma. 2.30) tampi pah±ya ariyapariyesana½ pariyesi½s³ti.
277. K±ma½ dahara-saddo “dahara½ kum±ra½ manda½ utt±naseyyakan”ti (ma. ni. 1.496) ettha b±lad±rake ±gato, “bhadrena yobbanena samann±gato”ti pana vakkham±natt± yuv±vatth± idha dahara-saddena vutt±ti ±ha “taruºova sam±no”ti. Paµhamavayena ek³nati½savayatt±. J±tiy± hi y±va tetti½savay± paµhamavayo. An±daratthe s±mivacana½ yath± “devadattassa rudantassa pabbaj²”ti. K±ma½ assumuccana½ rodana½, ta½ assumukh±nanti imin± pak±sita½, ta½ pana vatv± “rudant±nan”ti vacana½ balavasokasamuµµh±na½ ±rodanavatthu½ pak±set²ti ±ha “kanditv± rodam±n±nan”ti. Ki½ kusalanti gavesam±noti kinti sabbaso avajjarahita½ ekanta niyy±nika½ pariyesam±no. Varapadanti vaµµadukkhanissaraºatthikehi ekantena varaº²yaµµhena vara½, pajjitabbaµµhena pada½. Tuªgasar²rat±ya d²gho, piªgalacakkhut±ya piªgaloti d²ghapiªgalo. Dhammoti vinayo, samayoti attho. Sutv±va uggaºhinti tena vuccam±nassa savanamatteneva uggaºhi½ v±cuggata½ ak±si½.
Paµilapanamattaken±ti puna lapanamattakena. J±n±t²ti ñ±ºo, ñ±ºoti v±do ñ±ºav±do, ta½ ñ±ºav±da½. “Vad±m²”ti ±gatatt± aµµhakath±ya½ “j±n±m²”ti uttamapurisavasena attho vutto. Aññepi bah³ti aññepi bah³ mama tath±bh±va½ j±nant± “aya½ ima½ dhamma½ j±n±t²”ti, “akampan²yat±ya thiro”ti v± eva½ vadanti. L±bh²ti aññ±s²ti dhammassa uddisanena mah±paññat±ya “aya½ attan± gatamagga½ pavedeti, na anussutiko”ti aññ±si. Ass±ti bodhisattassa. Etadahos²ti eta½ “na kho ±¼±ro k±l±mo”ti-±di manasi ahosi, cintes²ti attho.
Heµµhimasam±patt²hi vin± uparimasam±patt²na½ samp±danassa asambhavato “satta sam±pattiyo ma½ j±n±pes²”ti ±ha. Payoga½ kareyyanti bh±vana½ anuyuñjeyyanti attho. Evam±h±ti eva½ “aha½, ±vuso”ti-±dim±ha, sattanna½ sam±patt²na½ adhigama½ paccaññ±s²ti attho.
Anus³yakoti anissuk². Tena mah±purise pas±da½ pavedesi. Bodhisattassa t± sam±pattiyo nibbattetv± µhitassa purimaj±tiparicayena ñ±ºassa ca mahantat±ya t±sa½ gati ca abhisampar±yo ca upaµµh±si Tena “vaµµapariy±pann± evet±”ti nicchayo udap±di. Ten±ha “n±ya½ dhammo nibbid±y±”ti-±di. Ekacc±na½ vir±gabh±van±samatikkam±vahopi neva tesampi accant±ya samatikkam±vaho, sayañca vaµµapariy±pannoyeva, tasm± neva vaµµe nibbindanatth±ya, yadaggena na nibbid±ya, tadaggena na virajjanatth±ya, r±g±d²na½ p±padhamm±na½ na nirujjhanatth±ya, na upasamatth±ya, tasm± ta½ abhiññeyyadhamma½ na abhij±nanatth±ya…pe… sa½vattat²ti yojan±.
Y±vadeva ±kiñcaññ±yatanupapattiy±ti sattasu sam±patt²su ukkaµµha½ gahetv± vadati. Uµµh±ya samuµµh±ya acutidhamma½ pariyesitu½ yuttatt± tañca anatikkantaj±tidhammamev±ti mah±satto pajahat²ti ±ha “yañca µh±na½ p±pet²”ti-±di. Tato paµµh±y±ti yad± sam±pattidhammassa gatiñca abhisampar±yañca abbhaññ±si, tato paµµh±ya. Makkhik±vasen±ti bhojanassa makkhik±missat±vasena. Mana½ na upp±deti bhuñjitunti adhipp±yo. Mahantena uss±hen±ti ida½ katip±ha½ tattha bh±van±nuyogamatta½ sandh±ya vutta½, na aññesa½ viya kasiºaparikamm±dikaraºa½. Na hi antimabhavikabodhisatt±na½ sam±pattinibbattane bh±riya½ n±ma. Analaªkaritv±ti anu anu ala½katv± punappuna½ “imin± na kiñci payojanan”ti katv±.