3. Vammikasuttavaººan±

249. Piyavacananti piyasamud±c±ro. Viññuj±tik± hi para½ piyena samud±carant± “bhavan”ti v±, “dev±na½ piyo”ti v±, “±yasm±”ti v± samud±caranti, tasm± sammukh± sambodhanavasena “±vuso”ti, tirokkha½ “±yasm±”ti ayampi samud±c±ro. Mah±kassapa-uruvelakassap±dayo aññepi kassapan±mak± atth²ti “katarassa kassapass±”ti pucchanti. Raññ±ti kosalaraññ±. “Sañj±ni½s³”ti saªkhepato vuttamattha½ vivaritu½ “aya½ pan±”ti-±di ±raddha½. Ass±ti kum±rakassapassa, “sañj±ni½s³”ti vuttasañj±nanassa v±. Puññ±ni karontoti kappasatasahassa½ devesu ca manussesu ca nibbattitv± d±n±d²ni puññ±ni bh±vento. Osakkanteti parih±yam±ne. Paµhamanti kum±rik±k±le. Satth± up±litthera½ paµicch±pesi ta½ adhikaraºa½ vinayakammenevass± bhikkhuniy± pabbajj±ya arogabh±va½.
Paññattivibh±van±ti “andhavanan”tveva paññ±yam±nassa vibh±van±. Ol²yat²ti saªkucati saºika½ vattati. Bh±ºakoti sarabh±ºako. Ya½ atthi, ta½ gahetv±ti id±ni pariyesitabbaµµh±na½ natthi, yath±gata½ pana ya½ atthi, ta½ gahetv±. Balavaguºeti adhimattaguºe. Kassapabhagavato k±le niru¼hasamaññ±vasena vacanasantatiy± avicchedena ca imasmimpi buddhupp±de ta½ “andhavanan”tveva paññ±yittha, upar³pariva¹¹ham±n±ya pathaviy± upari rukkhagacch±d²su sañj±yantesup²ti. Sekkhapaµipadanti sekkhabh±v±vaha½ visuddhipaµipatti½.
Aññatara-saddo ap±kaµe viya p±kaµepi vattati eka-saddena sam±natthatt±ti dassetu½ “abhij±n±t²”ti-±di vutta½. Bhayabheravadassitampi abhikkanta-saddassa atthuddh±ra½ idha dassento eva½ heµµh± tattha tattha kat± atthasa½vaººan± parato tasmi½ tasmi½ suttapadese yath±raha½ vattabb±ti nayadassana½ karoti. Kañcanasannibhattacat± suvaººavaººaggahaºena gahit±ti adhipp±yen±ha “chaviyan”ti. Chavigat± pana vaººadh±tu eva “suvaººavaººo”ti ettha vaººaggahaºena gahit±ti apare. Vaºº²yati kitt²yati ugghosananti vaººo, thuti. Vaºº²yati asaªkarato vavatthap²yat²ti vaººo, kulavaggo. Vaºº²yati phala½ etena yath±sabh±vato vibh±v²yat²ti vaººo, k±raºa½. Vaººana½ d²gharass±divasena saºµhahananti vaººo, saºµh±na½. Vaºº²yati aºumahant±divasena pam²yat²ti vaººo, pam±ºa½. Vaººeti vik±ram±pajjam±na½ hadayaªgatabh±va½ pak±set²ti vaººo, r³p±yatana½. Eva½ tena tena pavattinimittena vaººa-saddassa tasmi½ tasmi½ atthe pavatti veditabb±.
Anavasesatta½ sakalat± kevalat±. Kevalakapp±ti ettha keci ²sa½ asamatt± keval± kevalakapp±ti vadanti, eva½ sati anavasesattho eva kevala-saddo siy±. Anatthantarena pana kappa-saddena padava¹¹hana½ katv± keval± eva kevalakapp±. Tath± v± kappan²yatt± paññapetabbatt± kevalakapp±. Yebhuyyat± bahulabh±vo. Aby±missat± vij±tiyena asaªkaro suddhat±. Anatirekat± ta½mattat± vises±bh±vo. Kevalakappanti kevala½ da¼ha½ katv±ti attho. Kevala½ vuccati nibb±na½ sabbasaªkhatavivittatt±. Ten±ha “visa½yog±di-anekattho”ti. Kevala½ etassa adhigata½ atth²ti keval², sacchikatanirodho kh²º±savo.
Kappa-saddo pan±ya½ sa-upasaggo anupasaggo c±ti adhipp±yena okappan²yapade labbham±na½ okappasaddamatta½ nidasseti, aññath± kappa-saddassa atthuddh±re okappan²yapada½ anidassanameva siy±. Samaºakappeh²ti vinayasiddhehi samaºavoh±rehi. Niccakappanti niccak±la½. Paññatt²ti n±ma½. N±mañheta½ tassa ±yasmato, yadida½ kappoti. Kappitakesamass³ti kattarik±ya cheditakesamassu. Dvaªgulakappoti majjhanhikavel±ya v²tikkant±ya dvaªgulat±vikappo. Lesoti apadeso. Anavasesa½ pharitu½ samatthassapi obh±sassa kenaci k±raºena ekadesapharaºampi siy±, aya½ pana sabbasova phar²ti dassetu½ samantattho kappa-saddo gahitoti ±ha “anavasesa½ samantato”ti.
Samaºasaññ±samud±c±ren±ti “aha½ samaºo”ti eva½ uppannasaññ±samuµµhitena samud±c±rena, tannimittena v± tabboh±rena. Pubbayogeti pubbayogakath±ya½. Papañco es±ti eso tumhesu ±gatesu yath±pavatto paµisanth±ro kath±samud±c±ro ca amh±ka½ papañco. Ettakampi akatv± samaºadhammameva karom±ti adhipp±yo.
Ariyabh³mi½ pattoti an±g±miphala½ adhigato. Pakkus±tikulaputta½ sandh±ya vadati. Vibhajitv±ti vibh±ga½ katv±. Turit±lapanavasen±ti turita½ ±lapanavasena. Tena dullabho aya½ samaºo, tasm± s²ghamassa pañho kathetabbo, imin± ca s²gha½ gantv± satth± pucchitabboti turita½ ±lap²ti dasseti. “Yath± v±”ti-±din± pana vacan±laªk±ravasena dvikkhattu½ ±lapati. Evam±h±ti “bhikkhu bhikkh³”ti eva½ dvikkhattu½ avoca.
Vammikapariy±yena karajak±ya½ paccakkha½ katv± dassent² devat± “aya½ vammiko”ti ±ha. T±ya pana bh±vatthassa abh±sitatt± saddatthameva dassento “purato µhita½…pe… ayanti ±h±”ti avoca. Sesesupi eseva nayo. Maº¹³kanti thalamaº¹³ka½. So hi uddhum±yik±ti vuccati, na udakamaº¹³ko. Tassa niv±sato v±to m± kho b±dhayitth±ti “upariv±tato apagamm±”ti vutta½. Katha½ pan±ya½ devat± imin± n²h±rena ime pañhe therassa ±cikkh²ti? Keci t±va ±hu– yath±sutamattha½ upam±bh±vena gahetv± attano paµibh±nena upameyyattha½ manas± cintetv± ta½ bhagav±va imassa ±cikkhissati. S± ca desan± atth±ya hit±ya sukh±ya hot²ti “aya½ vammiko”ti-±din± upam±vaseneva pannarasa pañhe therassa ±cikkhi. Kassapasamm±sambuddhak±le kira b±r±ºasiya½ eko seµµhi a¹¹ho mahaddhano mahanta½ nidh±na½ nidahitv± paligh±di-±k±r±ni k±nicipi laªg±ni tattha µhapesi. So maraºak±le attano sah±yassa br±hmaºassa ±rocesi– “imasmi½ µh±ne may± nidh±na½ nidahita½, ta½ mama puttassa viññuta½ pattassa dasset²”ti vatv± k±lamak±si. Br±hmaºo sah±yakaputtassa viññuta½ pattak±le ta½ µh±na½ dassesi. So nikhanitv± sabbapacch± n±ga½ passi, n±go attano putta½ disv± “sukheneva dhana½ gaºhat³”ti apagacchi. Sv±yamattho tad± loke p±kaµo j±to. Aya½ pana devat± tad± b±r±ºasiya½ gahapatikule nibbattitv± viññuta½ patto satthari parinibbute ura½ datv± s±sane pabbajito pañcahi sah±yakabhikkh³hi saddhi½ samaºadhammamak±si. Ye sandh±ya vutta½ “pañca bhikkh³ nisseºi½ bandhitv±”ti-±di. Tena vutta½ “yath±sutamattha½ upam±bh±vena gahetv±”ti-±di. Apare pana “devat± attano paµibh±nena ime pañhe eva½ abhisaªkharitv± therassa ±cikkh²”ti vadanti. Devaputte nissakka½ devaputtapañhatt± tassa atthassa.
251. Cat³hi mah±bh³tehi nibbattoti c±tumah±bh³tiko. Ten±ha “catumah±bh³tamayass±”ti. Vamati uggiranto viya hot²ti attho. Vantakoti uccha¹¹ako. Vantussayoti upacik±hi vantassa mattik±piº¹assa ussayabh³to. Vantasinehasambaddhoti vantena khe¼asinehena sampiº¹ito. Asucikalimala½ vamat²ti ettha mukh±d²hi p±ºak±na½ niggamanato p±ºake vamat²ti ayampi attho labbhateva. Ariyehi vantakoti k±yabh±vas±maññena vutta½. Dukkhasaccapariññ±ya v± sabbassapi tebh³makadhammaj±tassa pariññ±tatt± sabbopi k±yo ariyehi chandar±gappah±nena vanto eva. Ta½ sabbanti yehi t²hi aµµhisatehi ussito, yehi nh±r³hi sambaddho, yehi ma½sehi avalitto, yena allacammena pariyonaddho, y±ya chaviy± rañjito, ta½ aµµhi-±disabba½ accantameva jigucchitv± virattat±yavantameva. “Yath± c±”ti-±din± vattabbopamatopi vammiko viya vammikoti imamattha½ dasseti.
Sambhavati etasm±ti sambhavo, m±t±pettiko sambhavo etass±ti m±t±pettikasambhavo. Tassa. Upaciyati eten±ti upacayo’ odanakumm±sa½ upacayo etass±ti odanakumm±s³pacayo. Tassa. Adhuvasabh±vat±ya aniccadhammassa, sedag³tha-pitta-semh±di-dh±tukkhobha-garubh±vaduggandh±na½ vinodan±ya ucch±detabbadhammassa, parito samb±hanena parimadditabbadhammassa, khaºe khaºe bhijjanasabh±vat±ya bhedanadhammassa, tato eva vikiraºasabh±vat±ya viddha½sanadhammass±ti dhamma-saddo pacceka½ yojetabbo. Tanuvilepanen±ti k±y±valepanena ucch±danavilepanena. Aªgapaccaªg±b±dhavinodanatth±y±ti t±disasamuµµh±na-sar²ravik±ravigam±ya. Yasm± sukkasoºita½ ±h±ro, ucch±dana½ parimaddanañca yath±raha½ upp±dassa, vu¹¹hiy± ca paccayo, tasm± ±ha “m±t±pettika…pe… kathito”ti. Ucc±vacabh±voti yath±raha½ yojetabbo– odanakumm±s³pacaya-ucch±danaparimaddanaggahaºehi uccabh±vo, va¹¹h². M±t±pettikasambhavaggahaºena samudayo. Itarehi avacabh±vo, parih±ni, atthaªgamo pak±sito. Aªgapaccaªg±na½ saºµhapanampi hi vaµµapaccayatt± vaµµanti.
Kodho dh³moti ettha dh³mapariy±yena kodhassa vuttatt± dh³ma-saddo kodhe vattat²ti vutta½ “dh³mo viya dh³mo”ti. Bhasman²ti bhasma½. Mosavajjanti mus±v±do. Dh³mo eva dh³m±yita½. Icch± dh³m±yita½ etiss±ti icch±dh³m±yit±, paj±. Icch±dh³m±yitasaddassa taºh±ya vutti vuttanayo eva. Dh³m±yantoti vitakkasant±pena sa½tappento, vitakkentoti attho. Palipoti dukkaramah±kaddama½. Tim³lanti t²hi m³lehi patiµµhita½ viya acala½ pavattanti vutta½. Rajo ca dh³mo ca may± pak±sit±ti rajasabh±vakaraºaµµhena “rajo”ti ca dh³masabh±vakaraºaµµhena “dh³mo”ti ca may± pak±sit±. Pakatidh³mo viya aggissa kilesaggij±lassa paññ±ºabh±vato. Dhammadesan±dh³mo ñ±ºaggisandh²panassa pubbaªgamabh±vato. Aya½ ratti½ dh³m±yan±ti y± div± kattabbakammante uddissa rattiya½ anuvitakkan±, aya½ ratti½ dh³m±yan±.
Sattanna½ dhamm±nanti ida½ sutte (c³¼ani. mettag³m±ºavapucch±niddesa 28) ±gatanayena vutta½. Suttañca tath± ±r±dhanaveneyyajjh±sayavasena. Tadekaµµhat±ya v± tadaññakiles±na½. Sundarapaññoti ñ±tat²raºapah±napariññ±ya paññ±ya sundarapañño.
Etanti “satthan”ti eta½ adhivacana½ sa½kilesadhamm±na½ sasanato samucchindanato. Nti v²riya½. Paññ±gatikameva paññ±ya hitasseva adhippetatt±. Lokiy±ya paññ±ya ±rambhak±le lokiyav²riya½ gahetabba½, lokuttar±ya paññ±ya pavattikkhaºe lokuttarav²riya½ gahetabbanti yojan±. Atthad²pan±ti upameyyatthad²pan² upam±.
G±matoti attano vasanag±mato. Manteti ±thabbanamante. Te hi br±hmaº± araññe eva v±centi “m± aññe assosun”ti. Tath± ak±s²ti catt±ro koµµh±se ak±si. Evamettha vammikapañhasseva vasena upam± ±gat±, ses±na½ vasena heµµh± vuttanayena veditabb±.
Laªganaµµhena niv±raºaµµhena laªg², paligho. ѱºamukheti vipassan±ñ±ºav²thiya½. Patat²ti pavattati. Kammaµµh±na-uggahaparipucch±vasen±ti catusaccakammaµµh±nassa uggaºhanena tassa atthaparipucch±vasena ceva vipassan±saªkh±ta-atthavinicchaya-paripucch±vasena ca. Sabbaso ñ±tu½ icch± hi paripucch±. Vipassan± ca anicc±dito sabbatebh³makadhamm±na½ ñ±tu½ icchati. Eva½ vipassan±vasena avijj±pah±nam±ha, uparikattabbasabbh±vato na t±va maggavasena.
Valli-antare v±ti -saddo pa½su-antare v± mattikantare v±ti avuttavikappattho. Citt±vilamattakov±ti cittakkhobhamattakova. Aniggahitoti paµisaªkh±nabalena aniv±rito. Mukhavikulana½ mukhasaªkoco. Hanusañcopana½ p±peti antojappan±vatth±ya½. Dis± vilokana½ p±peti yattha b±dhetabbo µhito, ta½dassanattha½ niv±rakapariv±raºattha½. Daº¹asatth±bhinip±tanti daº¹asatth±na½ parassa upari nip±tan±vattha½. Yena kodhena aniggahitena m±t±dika½ agh±tetabba½ uggh±tetv± “ayutta½ vata may± katan”ti att±nampi hanati, ta½ sandh±yeta½ vutta½ “paragh±tanampi attagh±tanampi p±pet²”ti. Yena v± parassa haññam±nassa vasena gh±takopi gh±tana½ p±puº±ti, t±disassa vasen±yamattho veditabbo. Kodhas±maññena heta½ vutta½ “para½ gh±tetv± att±na½ gh±tet²”ti. Paramussadagatoti paramukka½sagato. Da¼ha½ parissayam±vahat±ya kodhova kodh³p±y±so. Ten±ha “balavappatto”ti-±di.
Dvedh±pathasam± hoti appaµipattihetubh±vato.
Kusaladhammo na tiµµhati n²varaºehi niv±ritaparamatt±. Samathapubbaªgama½ vipassana½ bh±vayato paµhama½ samathena n²varaºavikkhambhana½ hoti, vipassan± pana tadaªgavaseneva t±ni n²harat²ti vutta½ “vikkhambhanatadaªgavasen±”ti.
“Kummova aªg±ni sake kap±le”ti-±d²su (sa½. ni. 1.17) kummassa aªgabh±vena visesato p±das²s±ni eva vuccant²ti ±ha “pañceva aªg±ni hont²”ti. Vipassan±c±rassa vuccam±natt± adhik±rato sammasan²y±nameva dhamm±na½ idha gahaºanti “sabbepi saªkhat± dhamm±”ti visesa½ katv±va vutta½. Ten±ha bhagav± “pañcanneta½ up±d±nakkhandh±na½ adhivacanan”ti.
Sunanti koµµanti etth±ti s³n±, adhikuµµananti ±ha “s³n±ya upar²”ti. Asin±ti ma½sakantanena. Gh±tiyam±n±ti haññam±n± vib±dhiyam±n±. Vatthuk±m±na½ upari katv±ti vatthuk±mesu µhapetv± te acc±dh±na½ katv±. Kantit±ti chindit±. Koµµit±ti bilaso vibhajit±. Chandar±gappah±nanti chandar±gassa vikkhambhanappah±na½.
Sammatt±ti mucchit± samm³¼h±. Nand²r±ga½ upagamma vaµµa½ va¹¹hent²ti samm³¼hatt± eva-±d²nava½ apassant± nand²r±gassa ±rammaºa½ upagantv± ta½ paribr³henti. Nand²r±gabaddh±ti nand²r±ge laggatt± tena baddh±. Vaµµe laggant²ti tebh³make vaµµe sajjanti. Tattha sajjatt± eva dukkha½ patv±pi na ukkaºµhanti na nibbindanti. Idha anavasesappah±na½ adhippetanti ±ha “catutthamaggena nand²r±gappah±na½ kathitan”ti.
Anaªgaºasutte (ma. ni. aµµha. 1.63) pak±sito eva “chand±d²hi na gacchant²”ti-±din±. “Buddho so bhagav±”ti-±di “namo karoh²”ti (ma. ni. 1.249, 251) vuttanamakk±rassa karaº±k±radassana½. Bodh±y±ti catusaccasambodh±ya. Tath± damathasamathataraºaparinibb±n±ni ariyamaggavasena veditabb±ni. Samathaparinibb±n±ni pana anup±disesavasenapi yojetabb±ni. Kammaµµh±na½ ahos²ti vipassan±kammaµµh±na½ ahosi. Etassa pañhass±ti etassa pannarasamassa pañhassa attho. Eva½ itaresupi vattabba½ vipassan±kammaµµh±na½ kh²º±savaguºehi matthaka½ p±pento yath±nusandhin±va desana½ niµµhapesi, na pucchit±nusandhin±ti adhipp±yo. Nanu ca pucch±vasen±ya½ desan± ±raddh±ti? Sacca½ ±raddh±, eva½ pana “pucch±vasiko nikkhepo”ti vattabba½, na “pucch±nusandhivasena niµµhapit±”ti. Antarapucch±vasena desan±ya aparivattitatt± ±rambh±nur³pameva pana desan± niµµhapit±.

Vammikasuttavaººan±ya l²natthappak±san± samatt±.