244. Attani v± sat²ti yassa attano santakabh±vena kiñci attaniyanti vucceyya, tasmi½ attani sati, so eva pana att± paramatthato natth²ti adhipp±yo. Sakk± hi vattu½ b±hirakaparikappito att± “paramattho”ti? Siy± khandhapañcaka½ ñeyyasabh±vatt± yath± ta½ ghaµo, yadi pana tadañña½ n±ma kiñci abhavissa, na ta½ niyamato vipar²ta½ siy±ti? Na ca so paramatthato atthi pam±ºehi anupalabbham±natt± turaªgamavis±ºa½ viy±ti. Attaniye v± parikkh±re sat²ti “ida½ n±ma attano santakan”ti tassa kiñcanabh±vena nicchite kismiñci vatthusmi½ sati. Attano idanti hi attaniyanti. Ahanti sat²ti “aha½ n±m±yan”ti aha½k±ravatthubh³te paramatthato niddh±ritasar³pe kismiñci sati tassa santakabh±vena mam±ti kiñci gahetu½ yutta½ bhaveyya. Mam±ti sati “ahan”ti etth±pi eseva nayo. Iti paramatthato attano anupalabbham±natt± attaniya½ kiñci paramatthato natthev±ti sabbasaªkh±r±na½ anattat±ya anattaniyata½, anattaniyat±ya ca anattakata½ dasseti. Bh³tatoti bh³tatthato. Tathatoti tathasabh±vato. Thiratoti µhitasabh±vato nibbik±rato.
Yasm± hutv± na hot²ti yasm± pubbe asanta½ paccayasamav±yena hutv± uppajjitv± puna bhaªgupagamena na hoti, tasm± na niccanti anicca½, adhuvanti attho. Tato eva upp±davayavattitoti uppajjanavasena nirujjhanavasena ca pavattanato. Sabh±vavigamo idha vipariº±mo, khaºikat± t±vak±likat±, niccasabh±v±bh±vo eva niccapaµikkhepo. Aniccadhamm± hi teneva attano aniccabh±vena atthato niccata½ paµikkhipanti n±ma. Tath± hi vutta½ “na niccanti aniccan”ti. Upp±dajar±bhaªgavasena r³passa nirantarab±dhat±ti paµip²¼an±k±renassa dukkhat±. Sant±po dukkhadukkhat±divasena sant±pana½ paridahana½, tato evassa dussahat±ya dukkhamat±. Tissanna½ dukkhat±na½ sa½s±radukkhassa ca adhiµµh±nat±ya dukkhavatthukat±. Sukhasabh±v±bh±vo eva sukhapaµikkhepo. Vipariº±madhammanti jar±ya maraºena ca vipariºamanasabh±va½. Yasm± ida½ r³pa½ paccayasamav±yena upp±da½, upp±d±nantara½ jara½ patv± avassameva bhijjati, bhinnañca bhinnameva, n±ssa kassaci saªkamoti bhavantar±nupagamanasaªkh±tena saªkam±bh±vena vipariº±madhammata½ p±kaµa½ k±tu½ “bhavasaªkanti upagamanasabh±van”ti vutta½. Pakatibh±vavijahana½ sabh±vavigamo nirujjhanameva. Nti anicca½ dukkha½ vipariº±madhamma½ r³pa½. Imin±ti “no heta½, bhante”ti r³passa taºh±digg±h±na½ vatthubh±vapaµikkhepena. R³pañhi uppanna½ µhiti½ m± p±puº±tu, µhitippatta½ m± j²ratu, jarappatta½ m± bhijjatu, udayabbayehi m± kilamiyat³ti na ettha kassaci vas²bh±vo atthi, sv±yamassa avasavattanaµµho anattat±sallakkhaºassa k±raºa½ hot²ti ±ha “avasavattan±k±rena r³pa½, bhante, anatt±ti paµij±nant²”ti. Niv±sik±rakavedaka-adhiµµh±yakavirahena tato suññat± suññaµµho, s±mibh³tassa kassaci abh±vo ass±mikaµµho, yath±vuttavasavattibh±v±bh±vo anissaraµµho, paraparikappita-attasabh±v±bh±vo eva attapaµikkhepaµµho.
Yasm± aniccalakkhaºena viya dukkhalakkhaºa½, tadubhayena anattalakkhaºa½ suviññ±paya½, na kevala½, tasm± tadubhayenettha anattalakkhaºavibh±vana½ katanti dassento “bhagav± h²”ti±dim±ha. Tattha aniccavasen±ti aniccat±vasena. Dukkhavasen±ti dukkhat±vasena. Na upapajjat²ti na yujjati. Tameva ayujjam±nata½ dassetu½ “cakkhussa upp±dop²”ti-±di vutta½. Yasm± attav±d² att±na½ nicca½ paññapeti, cakkhu½ pana anicca½, tasm± cakkhu viya att±pi anicco ±panno. Ten±ha “yassa kho pan±”ti-±di. Tattha vet²ti vigacchati nirujjhati. Iti cakkhu anatt±ti cakkhussa udayabbayavantat±ya aniccat±, attano ca attav±din± aniccat±ya anicchitatt± cakkhu anatt±.
K±ma½ anattalakkhaºasutte (sa½. ni. 3.59; mah±va. 20)– “yasm± ca kho, bhikkhave, r³pa½ anatt±, tasm± r³pa½ ±b±dh±ya sa½vattat²”ti r³passa anattat±ya dukkhat± vibh±vit± viya dissati, tath±pi “yasm± r³pa½ ±b±dh±ya sa½vattati, tasm± anatt±”ti p±kaµat±ya s±b±dhat±ya r³passa attas±r±bh±vo vibh±vito, tato eva ca “na labbhati r³pe eva½ me r³pa½ hotu, eva½ me r³pa½ m± ahos²”ti r³pe kassaci anissarat±, tassa ca avasavattan±k±ro dassitoti ±ha “dukkhavasena anattata½ dasset²”ti. Yadanicca½ ta½ dukkhanti ya½ vatthu anicca½, ta½ dukkha½ udayabbayapaµip²¼itatt±, ya½ pana nicca½ tadabh±vato, ta½ sukha½ yath± ta½ nibb±nanti adhipp±yo. Ya½ tanti k±raºaniddesov±ya½, yasm± r³pa½ anicca½, ta½ tasm±ti attho. Ya½ dukkha½ tadanatt±ti ettha vuttanayeneva attho veditabbo. Aniccanti imin± ghaµ±di viya paccayuppannatt± r³pa½ aniccanti imamattha½ dasseti. Imin±va nayena “anatt±”ti vattu½ labbham±nepi “anatt±”ti vatt± n±ma natthi. Eva½ dukkhanti vadant²ti etth±pi yath±raha½ vattabba½ “akkhis³l±divik±rappattak±le viya paccayuppannatt± dukkha½ r³pan”ti-±din±. Duddasa½ duppaññ±pana½. Tath± hi sarabhaªg±dayopi satth±ro n±ddasa½su, kuto paññ±pan±. Tayida½ anattalakkhaºa½.
Tasm±tih±ti-±din± tiyaddhagatar³pa½ lakkhaºattaya½ ±ropetv± vuttanti ±ha “etarahi aññad±p²”ti. Ta½ pana y±disa½ t±disampi tath± vuttanti ajjhatt±divisesopi vattabbo. Pi-saddena v± tass±pi saªgaho daµµhabbo.
245. Ukkaºµhat²ti n±bhiramati. Aññattha “nibbid±”ti balavavipassan± vuccati, s±nulom± pana saªkh±rupekkh± “vuµµh±nag±min²”ti, s± idha katha½ nibbid± n±ma j±t±ti ±ha “vuµµh±nag±minivipassan±ya h²”ti-±di. Imin± sikh±pattanibbedat±ya vuµµh±nag±min² idha nibbid±n±mena vutt±ti dasseti.
“So anupubbena saññagga½ phusat²”ti (d². ni. 1.414, 415) vatv± “saññ± kho poµµhap±da paµhama½ uppajjati, pacch± ñ±ºan”ti (d². ni. 1.416) vuttatt± saññagganti vutt± lokiy±su pah±nasaññ±su sikh±pattabh±vato. Dhammaµµhitiñ±ºanti vutt± idappaccayat±dassanassa matthakappatt²ti katv±. Tato parañhi asaªkhat±rammaºa½ ñ±ºa½ hoti. Ten±ha– “pubbe kho susima dhammaµµhitiñ±ºa½, pacch± nibb±ne ñ±ºan”ti (sa½. ni. 2.70). P±risuddhipadh±niyaªganti vutt± magg±dhigamassa paripanthabh³tasabbasa½kilesavisuddhi padh±nikassa yogino, padh±nabh±van±ya v± j±ta½ aªganti katv±. Paµipad±ñ±ºadassanavisuddh²ti vutt± paramukka½sagatapaµipad±ñ±ºadassanavisuddhibh±vato. Atammayatanti ettha tammayat± n±ma taºh±, k±mataºh±d²su t±ya t±ya nibbattatt± tammaya½ n±ma tebh³mikappavatta½, tassa bh±voti katv±. Tass± taºh±ya pariy±d±nato vuµµh±nag±minivipassan± atammayat±ti vuccati. Niss±y±ti ta½ atammayata½ paccaya½ katv±. ¾gamm±ti tasseva vevacana½. N±natt±ti n±n±sabh±v± bah³ anekappak±r±. N±nattasit±ti n±n±rammaºanissit± r³p±divisay±. Ekatt±ti ekasabh±v±. Ekattasit±ti eka½yeva ±rammaºa½ nissit±. Ta½ niss±y±ti ta½ ekattasita½ upekkha½ paccaya½ katv±. Etiss±ti etiss± upekkh±ya. Pah±na½ hot²ti aññ±ºupekkhato pabhuti sabba½ upekkha½ pajahitv± µhitassa “atammayat±”ti vutt±ya vuµµh±nag±minivipassan±ya ar³p±vacarasam±patti-upekkh±ya vipassanupekkh±ya ca pah±na½ hot²ti pariy±d±nanti vutt±ti. Sabbasaªkh±ragatassa muñcitukamyat±paµisaªkh±nassa sikh±pattabh±vato vuµµh±nag±min² muñcitukamyat± paµisaªkh±nanti ca vutt±. Mudumajjh±divasena pavatti-±k±ramatta½, atthato ekatth± muñcitukamyat±dayo, byañjanameva n±na½. Dv²hi n±meh²ti gotrabhu, vod±nanti imehi dv²hi n±mehi.
Vir±goti maggo, accantameva virajjati eten±ti vir±go, tena. Maggena hetubh³tena. Vimuccat²ti paµippassaddhivimuttivasena vimuccati. Ten±ha “phala½ kathitan”ti.
Mah±kh²º±savoti pasa½s±vacana½ yath± “mah±r±j±”ti. Tath± hi ta½ pasa½santo satth± “aya½ vuccati, bhikkhave, bhikkhu ukkhittapaligho itip²”ti-±dim±h±ti. Tadattha½ vivaritu½ “id±ni tass±”ti-±di vutta½. Yath±bh³teh²ti y±th±vato bh³tehi. Durukkhipanaµµhen±ti pacurajanehi ukkhipitu½ asakkuºeyyabh±vena. Nibb±nanagarappavese vibandhanena paligho viy±ti palighoti vuccati. Matthakacchinno t±lo pattaphal±d²na½ anaªgato t±l±vatthu asive “siv±”ti samaññ± viya. Ten±ha “s²sacchinnat±lo viya kat±”ti. Punabbhavassa karaºas²lo, punabbhava½ v± phala½ arahat²ti ponobhaviko. Eva½bh³to pana punabbhava½ deti n±m±ti ±ha “punabbhavad±yako”ti. Punabbhavakhandh±na½ paccayoti imin± j±tisa½s±roti phal³pac±rena k±raºa½ vuttanti dasseti. Parikkh±ti vuccati sant±nassa parikkhipanato. Sa½kiººatt±ti sabbaso kiººatt± vin±sitatt±. Gabbh²r±nugataµµhen±ti gambh²ra½ anupaviµµhaµµhena. Luñcitv±ti uddharitv±. Et±n²ti k±mar±gasaññojan±d²ni. Agga¼±ti vuccanti avadh±raºaµµhena. Aggamaggena patito m±naddhajo etass±ti patitam±naddhajo. Itarabh±roropanassa purimapadehi pak±sitatt± “m±nabh±rasseva oropitatt± pannabh±roti adhippeto”ti vutta½. M±nasa½yogeneva visa½yuttatt±ti etth±pi eseva nayo. Pañcapi khandhe avisesato asm²ti gahetv± pavattam±no “asmim±no”ti adhippetoti vutta½ “r³pe asm²ti m±no”ti-±di.
Nagaradv±rassa parissayapaµib±hanatthañceva sobhanatthañca ubhosu passesu esikatthambhe nikhaºitv± µhapent²ti ±ha “nagaradv±re uss±pite esikatthambhe”ti. P±k±raviddha½saneneva parikkh±ya bh³misamakaraºa½ hot²ti ±ha “p±k±ra½ bhindanto parikkha½ sa½kiritv±”ti. Evanti-±di upam±sa½sandana½. Santo sa½vijjam±no k±yo dhammasam³hoti sakk±yo, up±d±nakkhandhapañcaka½. Dvatti½sa kammak±raº± dukkhakkhandhe ±gat±. Akkhirogas²sarog±dayo aµµhanavuti rog±. R±jabhay±d²ni pañcav²sati mah±bhay±ni.
246. Anadhigaman²yaviññ±ºatanti “ida½ n±ma niss±ya imin± n±ma ±k±rena pavattat²”ti eva½ duviññeyyacittata½. Anvesanti paccatte ekavacananti ±ha “anvesanto”ti. Sattopi tath±gatoti vuccati “tath±gato para½ maraº±”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 1.65) viya. Satto hi yatheko kammakilesehi itthatta½ ±gato, tath± aparopi ±gatoti “tath±gato”ti vuccati. Uttamapuggaloti bhagavanta½ sandh±ya vadati. Kh²º±savop²ti yo koci kh²º±savopi “tath±gato”ti adhippeto. Sopi hi yatheko cat³su satipaµµh±nesu s³paµµhitacitto satta bojjhaªge yath±bh³ta½ bh±vetv± anuttara½ arahatta½ ±gato adhigato, tath± aparopi ±gatoti “tath±gato”ti vuccati. Asa½vijjam±noti paramatthato anupalabbhan²yo. Avindeyyoti na vinditabbo, duviññeyyoti attho.
Tath±gato satto puggaloti na paññapemi paramatthato sattasseva abh±vatoti adhipp±yo. Ki½ paññapess±mi paññatti-up±d±nassapi dharam±nakassa abh±vato. “Anupp±do khema½, anuppatti kheman”ti-±din± asaªkhat±ya dh±tuy± pakkhandhanavasena pavatta½ aggaphalasam±patti-attha½ vipassan±citta½ v±.
Tucch±ti karaºe nissakkavacananti ±ha “tucchaken±”ti. Vinayat²ti vinayo, so eva venayiko. Tath± manti tath±bh³ta½ ma½. Paramatthato vijjam±nassa hi sattassa abh±va½ vadanto sattavin±sapaññ±pako ca n±ma siy±, aha½ pana paramatthato avijjam±na½ ta½ “natth²”ti vad±mi. Yath± ca loko voharati, tatheva ta½ vohar±mi, tath±bh³ta½ ma½ ye samaºabr±hmaº± “venayiko samaºo gotamo”ti vadant± asat± tucch± mus± abh³tena abbh±cikkhant²ti yojan±. Appaµisandhikassa kh²º±savassa carimacitta½ nirup±d±nato anup±d±no viya j±tavedo parinibbuta½ ida½ n±ma nissitanti na paññ±yat²ti vadanto kimett±vat± ucchedav±d² bhaveyya, n±ha½ kad±cipi atthi, n±pi koci atth²ti vad±mi. Eva½ sante ki½ niss±ya te moghapuris± sato sattassa n±ma uccheda½ vin±sa½ vibhava½ paññapet²ti vadant± asat±…pe… abbh±cikkhant²ti ayamettha adhipp±yo.
Mah±bodhimaº¹amh²ti bodhimaº¹aggahaºena sattasatt±ham±ha. Tena dhammacakkapavattanato (sa½. ni. 5.1081; mah±va. 13; paµi. ma. 2.30) pubbe vutta½ tantidesana½ vadati Catusaccameva paññapem²ti etena saccavimutt± satthudesan± natth²ti dasseti. Ettha ca– “pubbe ceva etarahi ca dukkhañceva paññapemi dukkhassa ca nirodhan”ti vadanto bhagav± n±ha½ kad±cipi “att± ucchijjati, vinassat²”ti v±, “att± n±ma koci atth²”ti v± vad±mi. Eva½ sante ki½ niss±ya te moghapuris± “sato sattassa uccheda½ vin±sa½ vibhava½ paññapet²”ti asat± tucchena abbh±cikkhant²ti dasseti. Pareti am±mak±, mama ov±dassa abh±janabh³t±ti atthoti ±ha “sacc±ni…pe… asamatthapuggal±”ti. Adhipp±yen±ti imin± tesa½ adhipp±yamatta½, rosanavihesan±ni pana tath±gatassa ±k±sassa vilikhana½ viya na sambhavantiyev±ti dasseti. ¾hanati cittanti ±gh±to. Appat²t± honti eten±ti appaccayo. Citta½ na abhir±dhayat²ti anabhiraddhi. Atuµµh²ti tuµµhipaµipakkho tath±pavatto cittupp±do, kodho eva v±.
Pareti aññe ekacce. ¾nandanti pamodanti eten±ti ±nando, p²tiy± eveta½ adhivacana½. Sobhanamanat± somanassa½, cetasikasukhasseta½ adhivacana½. Uppilati purim±vatth±ya bhijjati visesa½ ±pajjat²ti uppila½, tadeva uppil±vita½, tassa bh±vo uppil±vitatta½. Y±ya uppann±ya k±yacitta½ v±tap³ritabhatt± viya uddhum±yan±k±rappatta½ hoti, tass± gehassit±ya odaggiyap²tiy± eta½ adhivacana½. Sacc±ni paµivijjhitu½ asamatth±ti dukkhameva uppajjati nirujjhati ca, na añño satto n±ma atth²ti eva½ j±nitu½ asamatth± “att± n±ma atth²”ti eva½diµµhino appah²navipall±s±. Uttama½ pas±dan²yaµµh±na½ tath±gatampi akkosanti, kimaªga½ pana bhikkh³ti adhipp±yo.
247. Anattaniyepi khandhapañcake micch±g±havasena attaniyasaññ±ya pavattassa chandar±gassa pah±na½. Amh±ka½ neva att±ti yasm± r³pavedan±diyeva attagg±havatthu tabbinimuttassa lobhaneyyassa abh±vato. Eta½ tiºakaµµhas±kh±pal±sa½ na amh±ka½ r³pa½, na viññ±ºa½, tasm± amh±ka½ neva att±ti yojan±. Ajjhattikassa vatthuno neva att±ti paµikkhittatt± b±hiravatthu attaniyabh±vena paµikkhitta½ hot²ti ±ha “amh±ka½ c²var±diparikkh±ropi na hot²”ti. Khandhapañcaka½yev±ti b±hiravatthu½ nidassana½ katv± khandhapañcaka½yeva na tumh±kanti pajah±peti. Na upp±µetv± kanda½ viya. Na luñcitv± v± kese viy±ti. Imin± r³p±d²na½ n±mamukhena pah±na½ icchanti. Ulliªgitamattha½ chandar±gavinayena pajah±pet²ti sar³pato dasseti.
248. “Ta½ ki½ maññatha, bhikkhave, r³pa½ nicca½ v±”ti-±di desan± tiparivaµµa½. Y±va ima½ µh±nanti “eva½ sv±kkh±to”ti y±v±ya½ p±¼ipadeso. Suviññeyyabh±vena akkh±tatt±pi sv±kkh±toti ±ha “sukathitatt± eva utt±no vivaµo pak±sito”ti. Tiriya½ vid±raºena chinna½, d²ghaso ph±lanena bhinna½, tato eva tattha tattha sibbitagaºµhikatajiººavattha½ pilotik±, tadabh±vato chinnapilotiko, pilotikarahitoti attho. Iriy±patha-saºµhapana-avijjam±najh±na-vipassan±ni chinn±ya avijjam±n±ya paµipattiy± sibbanagaºµhikaraºasadis±ni, t±disa½ idha natth²ti ±ha “na hettha…pe… atth²”ti. Patiµµh±tu½ na labhat²ti pesalehi saddhi½ sa½v±savasenapi patiµµh±tu½ na labhati, vises±dhigamavasena pana vattabbameva natthi.
K±raº¹ava½ niddhamath±ti vipannas²lat±ya kacavarabh³ta½ puggala½ kacavaramiva nirapekkh± apanetha. Kasambuñc±pakassath±ti kasaµabh³tañca na½ khattiy±d²na½ majjhagata½ sambhinna½ paggharitakuµµha½ caº¹±la½ viya apakassatha nikka¹¹hatha. Ki½ k±raºa½? Saªgh±r±mo n±ma s²lavant±na½ kato, na duss²l±na½, yato etadeva. Tato pal±pe v±hetha, assamaºe samaºam±nineti yath± pal±p± antos±rarahit± ataº¹ul± bahi thusena v²hi viya dissanti, eva½ p±pabhikkh³ antos²larahit±pi bahi k±s±v±diparikkh±rena bhikkh³ viya dissanti, tasm± “pal±p±”ti vuccanti, te pal±pe v±hetha odhun±tha vidhamatha. Paramatthato assamaºe vesamattena samaºam±nine eva½ niddhamitv±na…pe… patissat±ti. Tattha kappayavhoti kappetha, karoth±ti vutta½ hoti. Patissat±ti pati pati sat± sampaj±nant± suµµhu paj±nant±. Patissat± v± sappatiss± aññamañña½ sag±rav±. Atheva½ suddh± suddhehi sa½v±sa½ kappent± diµµhis²las±maññena samagg±. Anukkamena parip±kagatapaññat±ya nipak±. Sabbassevimassa dukkhavaµµassa anta½ karissatha, parinibb±na½ p±puºissath±ti attho.
Vaµµa½ tesa½ natthi paññ±pan±ya sabbaso samucchinnavaµµam³lakatt±.
Dhamma½ anussaranti, dhammassa v± anussaraºas²l±ti dhamm±nus±rino. Eva½ saddh±nus±rinopi veditabb±. Paµipannass±ti paµipajjam±nassa, sot±pattimaggaµµhopi adhippeto. Adhimattanti balava½. Paññ±v±h²ti pañña½ v±heti, paññ± v± ima½ puggala½ vahat²ti paññ±v±h²tipi vadanti. Paññ±pubbaªgamanti pañña½ purec±rika½ katv±. Aya½ vuccat²ti aya½ evar³po puggalo paññ±saªkh±tena dhammena sarati anussarat²ti dhamm±nus±r². Saddh±v±h²ti saddha½ v±heti, saddh± v± ima½ puggala½ vahat²ti saddh±v±h²tipi vadanti. Saddh±pubbaªgamanti saddha½ purec±rika½ katv±. Aya½ vuccat²ti aya½ evar³po puggalo saddh±ya sarati anussarat²ti saddh±nus±r². Saddh±mattanti “itipi so bhagav±”ti-±din± buddhasubuddhat±ya saddahanamatta½. Matta-saddena aveccappas±da½ nivatteti. Pemamattanti yath±vuttasaddh±nus±rena uppanna½ tuµµhimatta½. Sinehoti keci. Eva½ vipassana½ paµµhapetv± nisinn±nanti kal±pasammasan±divasena ±raddhavipassan±na½. Ek± saddh±ti vipassan±nus±rena sv±kkh±tadhammat± siddh±, tato eva ek± seµµh± u¼±r± saddh± uppajjati. Eka½ pemanti etth±pi eseva nayo. Sagge µhapit± viya hont²ti tesa½ saddh±pem±na½ saggasa½vattaniyat±ya abyabhic±r²bh±vam±ha. C³¼asot±pannoti vadanti ekadesena sacc±nubodhe µhitatt±. Sesa½ suviññeyyameva.

Alagadd³pamasuttavaººan±ya l²natthappak±san± samatt±.