10. Vitakkasaºµh±nasuttavaººan±

216. Dasakusalakammapathavasen±ti ida½ nidassanamatta½ daµµhabba½ vaµµap±dakasam±patticittassapi idha adhicittabh±vena anicchitatt±. Ten±ha “vipassan±p±daka-aµµhasam±patticittan”ti. Atha v± anuttarimanussadhammasaªgahitameva kevala½ “pakaticittan”ti vattabbanti dassento “dasakusalakammapathavasena uppanna½ citta½ cittamev±”ti vatv± yadettha adhicittanti adhippeta½, ta½ tadeva dassento “vipassan±p±daka-aµµhasam±patticittan”ti ±ha. Itarassa panettha vidhi na paµisedhet²ti daµµhabba½. Vipassan±ya sampayutta½ adhicittanti keci. Anuyutten±ti anuppannassa upp±danavasena, uppannassa paribr³hanavasena anu anu yuttena. M³lakammaµµh±nanti p±rih±riyakammaµµh±na½. Gahetv± viharantoti bh±vana½ anuyuñjanto. Bh±van±ya appana½ appattopi adhicittamanuyuttoyeva tadatthepi ta½saddavoh±rato.
Yehi phala½ n±ma yath± uppajjanaµµh±ne pakappiyam±na½ viya hoti, t±ni nimitt±ni. Ten±ha “k±raº±n²”ti. K±lena k±lanti ettha k±len±ti bhummatthe karaºavacananti ±ha “samaye samaye”ti. Nanu ca…pe… nirantara½ manasi k±tabbanti kasm± vutta½, nanu ca bh±van±ya v²thipaµipannatt± abbudan²haraºavidhi½ dassentena bhagavat± “pañca nimitt±ni k±lena k±la½ manasi k±tabb±n²”ti aya½ desan± ±raddh±ti? “Adhicittamanuyutten±”ti vuttatt± avicchedavasena bh±van±ya yuttappayutto adhicittamanuyutto n±m±ti codakassa adhipp±yo. Itaro bh±vana½ anuyuñjantassa-±dikammikassa kad±ci bh±vanupakkiles± uppajjeyyu½, tato cittassa visodhanatth±ya yath±k±la½ im±ni nimitt±ni manasi k±tabb±n²ti “k±lena k±lan”ti satth± avoc±ti dassento “p±¼iyañh²”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha im±n²ti im±ni p±¼iya½ ±gat±ni pañca nimitt±ni. Abbudanti upaddava½.
Chandasahagat± r±gasampayutt±ti taºh±chandasahagat± k±mar±gasampayutt±. Iµµh±niµµha-asamapekkhites³ti iµµhesu piyesu, aniµµhesu appiyesu, asama½ asamm± pekkhitesu. Asamapekkhananti gehassita-aññ±ºupekkh±vasena ±rammaºassa ayoniso gahaºa½. Ya½ sandh±ya vutta½– “cakkhun± r³pa½ disv± upekkh± b±lassa m³¼hassa puthujjanass±”ti-±di (ma. ni. 3.308). Te parivitakk±. Tato nimittato aññanti tato chand³pasa½hit±di-akusalavitakkuppattik±raºato añña½ nava½ nimitta½. “Manasikaroto”ti hi vutta½, tasm± ±rammaºa½, t±diso purimuppanno cittappavatti-±k±ro v± nimitta½. Kusalanissita½ nimittanti kusalacittappavattik±raºa½ manasi k±tabba½ citte µhapetabba½, bh±van±vasena cintetabba½, cittasant±ne v± saªkamitabba½. Asubhañhi asubhanimittanti. Saªkh±resu uppanne chand³pasa½hite vitakketi ±netv± sambandhitabba½. Eva½ “dos³pasañhite”ti-±d²su yath±raha½ ta½ ta½ pada½ ±netv± sambandhitabba½. Yattha katthac²ti “sattesu saªkh±res³”ti yattha katthaci. Pañcadhamm³panissayoti pañcavidho dhamm³pasa½hito upanissayo.
Eva½ “chand³pasañhite”ti-±din± saªkhepato vuttamattha½ vitth±rato dassetu½ “imassa hatth± v± sobhan±”ti-±di ±raddha½. Tattha “asubhato upasa½haritabban”ti vatv± upasa½haraº±k±rassa dassana½ “kimhi s±rattos²”ti. Chavir±gen±ti chavir±gat±ya k±¼as±m±divaººanibh±ya. Kupha¼ap³ritoti pakkehi kuºapaphalehi puººo. “Kaliphalap³rito”ti v± p±µho.
Ass±mikat±vak±likabh±vavasen±ti ida½ patta½ anukkamena vaººavik±rañceva jiººabh±vañca patv± chidd±vachidda½ bhinna½ v± hutv± kap±laniµµha½ bhavissati. Ida½ c²vara½ anupubbena vaººavik±ra½ jiººatañca upagantv± p±dapuñchanaco¼aka½ hutv± yaµµhikoµiy± cha¹¹an²ya½ bhavissati. Sace pana nesa½ s±miko bhaveyya, na nesa½ eva½ vinassitu½ dadeyy±ti eva½ ass±mikabh±vavasena, “anaddhaniya½ ida½ t±vak±likan”ti eva½ t±vak±likabh±vavasena ca manasikaroto.
¾gh±tavinaya…pe… bh±vetabb±ti– “pañcime, bhikkhave, ±gh±tapaµivinay±. Yattha hi bhikkhuno uppanno ±gh±to sabbaso paµivinetabbo”ti-±din± nayena ±gatassa ±gh±tavinayasuttassa (a. ni. 5.161) ceva kakac³pamov±da(ma. ni. 1.222-233) chav±l±t³pam±d²nañca (itivu. 91) vasena ±gh±ta½ paµivinodetv± mett± bh±vetabb±.
Garusa½v±soti garu½ upaniss±ya v±so. Uddesoti pariyattidhammassa uddis±panañceva uddisanañca. Uddiµµhaparipucchananti yath±-uggahitassa dhammassa atthaparipucch±. Pañca dhamm³paniss±y±ti garusa½v±s±dike pañca dhamme paµicca. Mohadh±t³ti moho.
Upanissitabb±ti upanissayitabb±, ayameva v± p±µho. Yattappaµiyattoti yatto ca g±mappavesan±pucch±karaºesu ussukka½ ±panno sajjito ca hot²ti attho. Athassa moho pah²yat²ti assa bhikkhuno eva½ tattha yuttappayuttassa pacch± so moho vigacchati. Evamp²ti eva½ uddese appamajjanenapi. Puna evamp²ti atthaparipucch±ya kaªkh±vinodanepi. Tesu tesu µh±nesu attho p±kaµo hot²ti suyyam±nassa dhammassa tesu tesu padesu “idha s²la½ kathita½, idha sam±dhi, idha paññ±”ti so so attho vibh³to hoti. Ida½ cakkhur³p±lok±di imassa cakkhuviññ±ºassa k±raºa½, ida½ s±lib²jabh³misalil±di imassa s±li-aªkurassa k±raºa½. Ida½ na k±raºanti tadeva cakkhur³p±lok±di sotaviññ±ºassa, tadeva s±lib²j±di kudrusakaªkurassa na k±raºanti µh±n±µµh±navinicchaye cheko hoti.
¾rammaºes³ti kammaµµh±nesu. Ime vitakk±ti k±mavitakk±dayo. Sabbe kusal± dhamm± sabb±kusalapaµipakkh±ti katv± “pah²yant²”ti vattabbe na sabbe sabbesa½ ujuvipaccan²kabh³t±ti “pah²yanti ev±”ti s±saªka½ vadati. Ten±ha “im±n²”ti-±di.
Kusalanissitanti kusalena nissita½ nissayitabba½. Kusalassa paccayabh³tanti tasseva vevacana½, kusaluppattik±raºa½ yath±vutta-asubhanimitt±dimeva vadati. S±raphalaketi candanamaye s±raphalake. Visam±ºinti visam±k±rena tattha µhita½ ±ºi½. Haneyy±ti pahareyya nikkh±meyya.
217. Aµµoti ±turo, duggandhab±dhat±ya p²¼ito. Dukkhitoti sañj±tadukkho. Imin±pi k±raºen±ti akosallasambh³tat±ya kusalapaµipakkhat±ya gehassitarogena sarogat±ya ca ete akusal± viññugarahitabbat±ya jigucchan²yat±ya ca s±vajj± aniµµhaphalat±ya nirass±dasa½vattaniyat±ya ca dukkhavip±k±ti eva½ tena tena k±raºena akusal±dibh±va½ upaparikkhato.
“¾tura½ asuci½ p³ti½, passa nande samussaya½;
uggharanta½ paggharanta½, b±l±na½ abhinanditan”ti. (Apa. ther² 2.4.157)–

Evam±di k±yavicchandan²yakath±d²hi v±. ¾di-saddena–

“Tasseva tena p±piyo, yo kuddha½ paµikujjhati;
kuddha½ appaµikujjhanto, saªg±ma½ jeti dujjayan”ti. (Therag±. 442)–

Evam±di paµighav³pasamanakath±dik±pi saªgaºh±ti.

218. Na saraºa½ asati, ananussaraºa½. Amanasikaraºa½ amanasik±ro. Kammaµµh±na½ gahetv± nis²ditabbanti kammaµµh±namanasik±reneva nis²ditabba½. Uggahito dhammakath±pabandhoti kammaµµh±nassa upak±ro dhammakath±pabandho. Muµµhipotthakoti muµµhippam±ºo p±rih±riyapotthako. Samann±nenten±ti samann±harantena. Ok±so na hoti ±raddhassa pariyos±petabbato. ¾raddhassa antagamana½ an±rambhov±ti therav±do. Tass±ti upajjh±yassa. Pabbh±rasodhana½ k±yakamma½, ±rabhanto eva vitakkaniggaºhanattha½ sa½yuttanik±yasajjh±yana½ vac²kamma½, dassanakiccapubbakammakaraºattha½ tejokasiºaparikammanti t²ºi kamm±ni ±cinoti. Thero tassa ±saya½ kasiºañca savisesa½ j±nitv± “imasmi½ vih±re”ti-±dimavoca. Tenassa yath±dhipp±ya½ sabba½ samp±dita½. Asatipabba½ n±ma asatiy± vitakkaniggahaºavibh±vanato.
219. Vitakkam³labheda½ pabbanti vitakkam³lassa tamm³lassa ca bhedavibh±vana½ vitakkam³labheda½ pabba½. Vitakka½ saªkharot²ti vitakkasaªkh±ro, vitakkapaccayo subhanimitt±d²supi subh±din± ayonisomanasik±ro. So pana vitakkasaªkh±ro sa½tiµµhati etth±ti vitakkasaªkh±rasaºµh±na½, asubhe subhanti-±di saññ±vipall±so. Ten±ha “vitakk±na½ m³lañca m³lam³lañca manasi k±tabban”ti. Vitakk±na½ m³lam³la½ gacchantass±ti upaparikkhanavasena micch±vitakk±na½ m³la½ uppattik±raºa½ ñ±ºagatiy± gacchantassa. Y±th±vato j±nantassa pubbe viya vitakk± abhiºha½ nappavattant²ti ±ha “vitakkac±ro sithilo hot²”ti. Tasmi½ sithil²bh³te matthaka½ gacchanteti vuttanayena vitakkac±ro sithilabh³to, tasmi½ vitakk±na½ m³lagamane anukkamena thirabh±vappattiy± matthaka½ gacchante. Vitakk± sabbaso nirujjhant²ti micch±vitakk± sabbepi gacchanti na samud±caranti, bh±van±p±rip³riy± v± anavases± pah²yanti.
Kaººam³le patitanti sasakassa kaººasam²pe kaººasakkhali½ paharanta½ viya upapatita½. Tassa kira sasakassa heµµh± mah±m³sik±hi khatamah±v±µa½ umaªgasadisa½ ahosi, tenassa p±tena mah±saddo ahosi. Pal±yi½su “pathav² udr²yat²”ti. M³lam³la½ gantv± anuvijjeyyanti “pathav² bhijjat²”ti yatth±ya½ saso uµµhito, tattha gantv± tassa m³lak±raºa½ ya½n³na v²ma½seyya½. Pathaviy± bhijjanaµµh±na½ gate “ko j±n±ti, ki½ bhavissat²”ti saso “na sakkomi s±m²”ti ±ha. ¾dhipaccavato hi y±cana½ saºhamuduka½. Duddubh±yat²ti duddubh±ti sadda½ karoti. Anuravadassanañheta½. Bhaddanteti migar±jassa piyasamud±c±ro, migar±ja, bhadda½ te atth³ti attho. Kimetanti ki½ eta½, ki½ tassa m³lak±raºa½? Duddubhanti idampi tassa anuravadassanameva. Evanti yath± sasakassa mah±pathav²bhedana½ ravan±ya micch±g±hasamuµµh±na½ am³la½, eva½ vitakkac±ropi saññ±vipall±sasamuµµh±no am³lo. Ten±ha “vitakk±nan”ti-±di.
220. Abhidantanti abhibhavanadanta½, uparidantanti attho. Ten±ha “uparidantan”ti. So hi itara½ musala½ viya udukkhala½ visesato kassaci kh±danak±le abhibhuyya vattati. Kusalacitten±ti balavasamm±saªkappasampayuttena. Akusalacittanti k±mavitakk±disahita½ akusalacitta½. Abhiniggaºhitabbanti yath± tassa ±yati½ samud±c±ro na hoti, eva½ abhibhavitv± niggahetabba½, anuppattidhammat± ±p±detabb±ti attho. Ke ca tumhe satipi cirak±labh±van±ya eva½ adubbal± ko c±ha½ mama santike laddhappatiµµhe viya µhitepi id±neva appatiµµhe karonto iti eva½ abhibhavitv±. Ta½ pana abhibhavan±k±ra½ dassento “k±ma½ taco c±”ti-±din± caturaªgasamann±gatav²riyapaggaºhanam±ha. Atthad²pikanti ekantato vitakkaniggaºhanatthajotaka½. Upamanti “seyyath±pi, bhikkhave, balav± puriso”ti-±dika½ upama½.
221. Pariy±d±nabh±jan²yanti ya½ ta½ ±dito “adhicittamanuyuttena bhikkhun± pañca nimitt±ni k±lena k±la½ manasi k±tabb±n²”ti niddiµµha½, tattha tassa nimittassa manasikaraºak±lapariy±d±nassa vasena vibhajana½. Nigamana½ v± eta½, yadida½ “yato kho, bhikkhave”ti-±di. Yath±vuttassa hi atthassa puna vacana½ nigamananti. Tath±paµipannassa v± vas²bh±vavisuddhidassanattha½ “yato kho, bhikkhave”ti-±di vutta½. Satth±cariyoti dhanubbed±cariyo. Yath± hi sasanato asatthampi satthaggahaºeneva saªgayhati, eva½ dhanusippampi dhanubbedapariy±pannamev±ti.
Pariy±yati parivitakket²ti pariy±yo. V±roti ±ha “vitakkav±rapathes³”ti, vitakk±na½ v±rena pavattanamaggesu. Ciººavas²ti ±sevitavas². Paguºavas²ti subh±vitavas². Samm±vitakka½yeva yathicchita½ tath±vitakkanato, itarassa panassa setugh±toyev±ti.

Vitakkasaºµh±nasuttavaººan±ya l²natthappak±san± samatt±.

Niµµhit± ca s²han±davaggavaººan±.