6. Cetokhilasuttavaººan±

185. Ceto tehi khilayati thaddhabh±va½ ±pajjat²ti cetokhil±. Ten±ha “cittassa thaddhabh±v±”ti. Yasm± tehi uppannehi citta½ ukl±p²j±ta½ µh±na½ viya amanuñña½ khetta½ viya ca kh±ºukanicita½ amahapphala½ hoti. Tena vutta½ “kacavarabh±v± kh±ºukabh±v±”ti. “Cittass±”ti ±netv± sambandhitabba½. Citta½ bandhitv±ti taºh±pavattibh±vato kusalac±rassa avasaracajanavasena citta½ baddha½ viya samorodhetv±. Ten±ha “muµµhiya½ katv± viya gaºhant²”ti. Saddatthato pana ceto vir³pa½ nibandh²yati sa½yam²yati eteh²ti cetaso vinibandh± yassa catubbidha½ s²la½ akhaº¹±dibh±vappattiy± suparisuddha½ visesabh±giyatt± appakasireneva maggaphal±vaha½ mah±saªgharakkhitattherassa viya, so t±disena s²lena imasmi½ dhammavinaye vuddhi½ ±pajjissat²ti ±ha “s²lena vuddhin”ti. Yassa pana ariyamaggo uppajjanto vir³¼ham³lo viya p±dapo suppatiµµhito, so s±sane vir³¼hi½ ±pannoti ±ha “maggena vir³¼hin”ti. Yo sabbaso kilesanibb±nappatto, so arah± s²l±didhammakkhandhap±rip³riy± sativepullappatto hot²ti ±ha “nibb±nena vepullan”ti. Dutiyavikappe attho vuttanay±nus±rena veditabbo.
Buddh±na½ dhammak±yo viya r³pak±yopi anaññas±dh±raºat±ya anuttaraguº±dhiµµh±nat±ya ca apaccakkhak±r²na½ sa½sayavatthu hotiyev±ti “sar²re v± guºe v± kaªkhat²”ti vutta½. Tattha yath± mah±purisalakkhaºena anubyañjan±dayo r³pak±yaguº± gahit± eva honti avin±bh±vatoti “dvatti½savaralakkhaºappaµimaº¹ita”micceva vutta½, eva½ an±varaºañ±ºena sabbepi anant±parimeyyabhed± dhammak±yaguº± gahit± eva hont²ti sabbaññutaññ±ºaggahaºameva kata½ n±nantariyabh±vatoti daµµhabba½. Kaªkhah²ti “aho vata te guº± na bhaveyyu½, bhaveyyu½ v±”ti patthanupp±danavasena kaªkhati. Purimo hi vipar²tajjh±sayo, itaro yath±bh³tañ±ºajjh±sayo. Vicinantoti vicayabh³t±ya paññ±ya te vivecetuk±mo tadabh±vato kiccha½ dukkha½ ±pajjati, kicchappatti ca tattha nicchetu½ asamatthat±yev±ti ±ha “vinicchetu½ na sakkot²”ti. Vigat± cikicch±ti vicikicch±. Adhimokkha½ na paµilabhat²ti “evametan”ti okappanavasena guºesu vinicchaya½ n±dhigacchati. Otaritv±ti ñ±ºena anupavisitv±. Pas²ditunti “pasannar³padhammak±yaguºehi bhagav±”ti pas²ditu½. An±vilo ak±lusso hotu½ na sakkoti. “Kaªkhat²”ti imin± dubbal± vimati vutt±, “vicikicchat²”ti imin± majjhim±, “n±dhimuccat²”ti imin± balavat², “na sampas²dat²”ti imin± tividh±yapi vimatiy± vasena uppannacittak±lussiya½ vuttanti daµµhabba½.
¾tapp±y±ti-±dito tapati santapati kileseti ±tappa½, ±rambhadh±tu, tadatth±ya. Anuyog±y±ti yath± sa½kilesadhamm±na½ avasaro na hoti, eva½ anu anu yuñjana½ anuyogo, nikkamadh±tu, tadatth±ya. Ten±ha “punappuna½ yog±y±”ti. S±tacc±y±ti yath± upar³pari vises±dhigamo hoti, tath± satatassa nirantarapavattassa anuyogassa bh±vo s±tacca½, parakkamadh±tu, tadatth±ya. Padh±n±y±ti santameva½ tividhadh±tusa½va¹¹hit±nubh±va½ sabbakilesaviddha½sanasamattha½ padh±nasaªkh±ta½ v²riya½, tadatth±ya. Ettha ca ±tapp±ya citta½ na namati yath±vuttakaªkh±vasena, pageva anuyog±di-atthanti dassetu½ catt±ripi pad±ni gahit±ni, anavasesavisesadassanattha½ v±. Keci pana “±tappavevacan±neva anuyog±dipad±n²”ti vadanti. Ett±vat± bhagav± satthari kaªkh±ya cittassa thaddhakacavarakh±ºukabh±vena akusalabh±v±di-±p±danato cetokhilabh±va½ dasseti. Sesesupi eseva nayo.
Sikkh±ggahaºena paµipattisaddhammassa gahitatt± vutta½ “pariyattidhamme ca paµivedhadhamme c±”ti. Pariyattidhamme yattha kaªkh±ya sambhavo, ta½ dassetu½ “catur±s²ti dhammakkhandhasahass±n²”ti-±di vutta½. Tayida½ nidassanamatta½ daµµhabba½ parampar±ya paµivedh±vahabh±v±divasenapi ekacc±na½ tattha sa½sayuppattito. Yath± ca paµivedhe kaªkh± vutt±, eva½ adhigamadhammepi pavattat²ti veditabb±. Tath± hi ekacce “kasiº±dibh±van±ya jh±n±ni ijjhant²”ti vadanti. “Kasiºanissando ±rupp±ti, mett±dinissando catutthabrahmavih±ro”ti evam±din± kaªkhatiyev±ti. Ettha ca navalokuttaresu paññattiya½yeva kaªkh±pavatti veditabb± asa½kilesikatt± lokuttaradhamm±na½.
Evar³panti edisa½ suppaµipatti-ujuppaµipatti-ñ±yappaµipatti-s±m²cippaµipatti-saªkh±ta½ samm±paµipada½. Adhis²lasikkh±dayo lokuttaradhammassa anudhammabh³t± veditabb±. Evañhi maggaphalasikkh±hi im±sa½ viseso siddho hoti. Tath± hi vutta½ “sikkh±ggahaºena paµipattisaddhammassa gahitatt±”ti. Ettha ca yath± vicikicch± vatthuttayassa sikkh±ya ca guºesu anadhimuccana-asampas²danavasena appaµipattibh±vato cittassa thaddhabh±vo ±sappanaparisappanavasena pavattiy± kacavarakh±ºukabh±vo ca, eva½ sabrahmac±r²su ±gh±tacaº¹ikk±divasena cittassa thaddhabh±vo ca upahananavirujjhan±divasena kacavarakh±ºukabh±vo ca veditabbo. Ariyasaªghavisay± vicikicch±, puggalavisay± k±ci natth²ti saªghavisay±va gahit±, s±sanikavasena c±ya½ cetokhiladesan±ti sabrahmac±r²visayova kopo gahito.
186. Yath± vatthuk±mo, eva½ kilesak±mopi ass±dan²yo ev±ti “kilesak±mep²”ti vutta½. Ten±ha bhagav± “r³pataºh± loke piyar³pa½ s±tar³pa½, etthes± taºh± uppajjam±n± uppajjati, ettha nivisam±n± nivisat²”ti-±di (d². ni. 2.400; ma. ni. 1.133; vibha. 203). K±maniddese (mah±ni. 1) sabbepi tebh³mak± dhamm± k±man²yaµµhena “k±m±”ti vutt±, balavak±mar±gavatthubh³t±yevettha k±maggahaºena gahit±ti. Vinibaddhavatthubh±vena yath± visu½ attano k±yo gahito, tath± paresa½ tath±r³p± r³padhamm± sam³haµµhen±ti ±ha “r³peti bahiddh±r³pe”ti. Yath± hi pañcak±maguºiko r±go jh±n±divises±dhigamassa vinibaddh±ya sa½vattati, eva½ attano k±ye apekkh± bahiddh± ca sakaparikkh±rañ±timitt±d²su apekkh±ti. Keci panettha “r³peti r³pajjh±ne”ti-±din± papañcenti. Tadayutta½ jh±n±dhigamavinibaddh±na½ s²lassa ca sa½kilesabh³t±na½ cetovinibaddhabh±vena gahitatt±.
Y±vadatthanti y±va attheti abhikaªkhati, t±va. Ten±ha “yattaka½ icchati, tattakan”ti. Nti y±vadattha½ udarap³ra½ bhutta½. Avadehanato p³raºato. Seyyasukhanti seyya½ paµicca uppajjanakasukha½. Passasukhanti pass±na½ samparivattanena uppajjanakasukha½. Nidd±sukhanti nidd±yanena uppajjanakasukha½.
S²len±ti-±di patthan±k±radassana½. Vatasam±d±nanti dhutaªg±divat±nuµµh±na½. Tapoti v²riy±rambho. So hi kiles±na½ tapanaµµhena niggaºhanaµµhena tapacaraºanti vutta½.
189. Chanda½ niss±y±ti chanda½ dhura½, chanda½ jeµµhaka½, chanda½ pubbaªgama½ katv± pavattivasena chanda½ niss±ya. Jeµµhakaµµhena padh±nabh³t±, padh±nabh±va½ v± patt±ti padh±nabh³t±. Tehi dhammeh²ti chandanissayena pavattasam±dhin± ceva “padh±nasaªkh±ro”ti vuttav²riyena ca. Upetanti sampayutta½. Ijjhanaµµhena iddhi, nipphatti-atthena paµil±bhaµµhena c±ti attho, tass± iddhiy± p±da½ p±daka½ padaµµh±nabh³ta½. Atha v± ijjhanti t±ya iddh± vuddh± ukka½sagat± hont²ti iddhi, s±va uparivises±na½ adhiµµh±nabh±vato p±do. Ten±ha “iddhibh³ta½ v± p±danti iddhip±dan”ti. Sesesup²ti v²riyiddhip±d±d²supi. Ass±ti iddhip±dassa. Attho d²pitoti d²panattha½ kata½, tasm± visuddhimaggasa½vaººan±ya½ (visuddhi. mah±µ². 2.369) tassa atthavic±ro gahetabbo. Iddhip±d±na½ sam±dhipadh±natt± vutta½ “vikkhambhanappah±na½ kathitan”ti. Tesa½ tesa½ kusaladhamm±na½ anuppann±na½ upp±danakiriy±ya uppann±na½ paribr³hanakiriy±ya ussahanato usso¼h², th±mappatt± parakkamadh±tu. S± pana catunna½ iddhip±d±na½ visesapaccayabh³t± te up±d±ya “pañcam²”ti vutt±, s± ca yasm± samathavipassan±bh±van±su tattha ca-±dimajjhapariyos±nesu s±dhetabba½ v²riya½, tasm± ±ha “usso¼h²ti sabbattha kattabbav²riya½ dasset²”ti. Pubbabh±giyasamathavipassan±s±dhana½ pah±tabbadhammavibh±gena bhinditv± ±ha “pañca cetokhilappah±n±ni pañca vinibandhappah±n±n²”ti. Bhabboti yutto arahati nipphattiy±. ѱºen±ti maggañ±ºena. Kilesabhed±y±ti kiles±na½ samucchindan±ya. Khemass±ti anupaddavassa.
Sambh±vanattheti (s±rattha. µ². 1.11; a. ni. µ². 3.7.71) “api n±meva½ siy±”ti vikappanattho sambh±vanattho. Eva½ h²ti eva½ ekameva saªkhya½ avatv± apar±ya saªkhy±ya saddhi½ vacana½ loke siliµµhavacana½ hoti yath± “dve v± t²ºi v± udakaphusit±n²”ti. Samm± adhisayit±n²ti p±d±d²hi attan± nesa½ kiñci upagh±ta½ akarontiy± bahiv±t±diparissayapariharaºattha½ sammadeva upari sayit±ni. Utu½ g±h±pentiy±ti tesa½ allasinehapariy±d±nattha½ attano k±yusm±vasena utu½ gaºh±pentiy±. Ten±ha “usm²kat±n²”ti. Samm± paribh±vit±n²ti sammadeva sabbaso kukkuµav±san±ya v±sit±ni. Ten±ha “kukkuµagandha½ g±h±pit±n²”ti. Ayañca kukkuµagandhaparibh±van± samm±-adhisayanasamm±parisedananipphattiy± “anunipph±d²”ti (s±rattha. µ². 1.11) daµµhabb±. Tehi pana saddhi½yeva ijjhanato vutta½ “tividhakiriy±karaºen±”ti. Kiñc±pi na eva½ “aho vatime”ti-±din± icch± uppajjeyya, k±raºassa pana samp±ditatt± atha kho bhabb±va abhinibbhijjitunti yojan± Kasm± bhabb±ti ±ha “te hi yasm± t±y±”ti-±di. Ettha yath± kap±lassa tanut± ±lokassa anto paññ±yam±nassa k±raºa½, tath± kap±lassa tanut±ya nakhasikh±mukhatuº¹ak±na½ kharat±ya ca allasinehassa pariy±d±na½ k±raºavacananti daµµhabba½, tasm±ti ±lokassa anto paññ±yam±nato, sayañca parip±kagatatt±.
Opammasampaµip±dananti opammatthassa upameyyena sammadeva paµip±dana½. Atthen±ti upameyyatthena. Yath± kukkuµiy± aº¹esu tividhakiriy±ya karaºa½ kukkuµacch±pak±na½ aº¹akosato nikkhamanassa m³lak±raºa½, eva½ bhikkhuno usso¼h²pannaras±ni aªg±ni avijjaº¹akosato nikkhamanassa m³lak±raºanti ±ha “tass± kukkuµiy±…pe… samann±gatabh±vo”ti. Paµicch±danas±maññena avijj±ya aº¹akosasadisat±ya balavavipassan±vasena avijjaº¹akosassa tanubh±vo, vipassan±ñ±ºassa pariº±mak±lo vuµµh±nag±minibh±v±patti, tad± ca s± maggañ±ºagabbha½ dh±rent² viya hot²ti ±ha “gabbhaggahaºak±lo”ti. Abhiññ±pakkheti lokiy±bhiññ±pakkhe. Lokuttar±bhiññ± hi avijjaº¹akosa½ pad±lik±ti. G±th±ya avijjaº¹akosa½ paharat²ti desan±vil±sena vineyyasant±nagata½ avijjaº¹akosa½ ghaµµeti, yath±µh±ne µh±tu½ na deti.
Paµisaªkh±nappah±nanti tadaªgappah±napubbaka½ vikkhambhanappah±na½. Pubbabh±giy± iddhip±d± p±¼iya½ gahit±ti “iddhip±dehi vikkhambhanappah±nan”ti vutta½. “Usso¼hipannarasaªgasamann±gato bhikkhu bhabbo abhinibbid±y±”ti-±divacanato (ma. ni. 1.189) lokuttariddhip±d± pana sambodhaggahaºeneva gahit±. Magge ±gateti usso¼h²pannarasaªgasamann±gatassa bhikkhuno vipassana½ ussukk±payato magge ±gate uppanne, p±¼iya½ v± abhinibbhid±sambodhaggahaºehi magge ±gate. Phale ±gateti etth±pi vuttanayena attho veditabbo. Nibb±nassa pana p±¼iya½ an±gatatt± nissaraºappah±na½ na gahita½. Sesa½ suviññeyyameva.

Cetokhilasuttavaººan±ya l²natthappak±san± samatt±.