3. Mah±dukkhakkhandhasuttavaººan±

163. Tato paranti tiººa½ jan±na½ upari saªgho catuvaggakaraº²y±dikammehi paµikammappattatt±. G±ma½ gatoti vuccati g±ma½ uddissa gatatt±, eva½ s±vatthi½ pavisitu½ vih±rato nikkhant± “pavisi½s³”ti vutt±. Pariññanti pah±napariñña½. S± hi samatikkamo, na itar±. R³pavedan±sup²ti “r³p±na½ pariñña½, vedan±na½ pariññan”ti etth±pi. K±ma½ sabbesa½ titthiy±na½ k±m±dipariññ±paññ±panahetubh³to samayo natthi, yesa½ pana atthi, te up±d±ya “sakasamaya½ j±nant±”ti vutta½. “Yato yato kho bho aya½ bhikkhu vivicceva k±mehi…pe… paµhama½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharati, ett±vat± kho bho k±m±na½ pariññ± hot²”ti eva½ sar³pato paµhamajjh±na½ vibh±vetu½ asakkont±pi kevala½ accantappah±nasaññ±ya k±m±na½ pariñña½ paññapeyyu½ paµhamajjh±na½ vadam±n±. Ta½ kissa hetu? T±disassa ±gam±dhigamass±bh±vato. R³pavedan±pariññ±supi eseva nayo. Vucceth±ti vucceyya. Dutiyapadep²ti “anus±saniy± v± anus±sanin”ti eva½ vuttav±kyepi. Te kira bhikkh³.
165. Na ceva samp±yissant²ti na ceva sammadeva pak±rehi gamessanti ñ±pessanti. Ten±ha “samp±detv± kathetu½ na sakkhissant²”ti. Yasm± avisaye pañho pucchito hoti, tasm± ±pajjissant²ti yojan±. Sadevaketi ar³padevaggahaºa½. Te hi lokiyadevehi d²gh±yukat±din± ukkaµµh±. Sam±raketi k±m±vacaradevaggahaºa½. Sabrahmaketi r³p±vacarabrahmaggahaºa½. Sassamaºabr±hmaºiy±ti ettha samaºaggahaºena pabbajite, br±hmaºaggahaºena j±tibr±hmaºe, puna devaggahaºena sammutideve, manussaggahaºena avasiµµhamanussak±ya½ pariy±diyati. Lokapaj±ggahaºena pana payojana½ aµµhakath±ya½ dassitameva. Aññath± ±r±dhana½ n±ma natth²ti imin± k±mar³pavedan±su ass±d±d²na½ y±th±vato avabodho eva ito b±hirak±na½ natthi, kuto pavedan±ti dasseti.
166. Citt±r±dhananti y±th±vapavedanena paresa½ cittassa paritosana½. Bandhanaµµhena guº±ti k±mar±gasa½yojanassa paccayabh±vena vatthuk±mesupi bandhanaµµho vutto, koµµh±saµµho v± guºaµµho daµµhabbo. Tarayant²ti taram±n± yanti gacchanti. At²t±dibhinnapaµham±divay± eva cittat± r±sibh±vena vayoguº±ti gahit±ti ±ha “r±saµµho guºaµµho”ti. Cakkhuviññeyy±ti v± cakkhuviññ±ºata½dv±rikaviññ±ºehi vij±nitabb±. Sotaviññeyy±ti-±d²supi eseva nayo. Iµµh±rammaºabh³t±ti sabh±veneva iµµh±rammaºaj±tik±, iµµh±rammaºabh±va½ v± patt±. Kaman²y±ti k±metabb±. Manava¹¹hanak±ti manohar±. Etena parikappanatopi iµµhabh±va½ gaºh±ti. Piyaj±tik±ti piy±yitabbasabh±v±. K±m³pasa½hit±ti k±mar±gena upecca sandh±niy± sambaddh± (a. ni. µ². 3.6.63) k±tabb±ti ±ha “±rammaºa½ katv±”ti.
167. Sañña½ µhapetv±ti “imasmi½ aªgulik±dipabbe gahite sata½ hoti, imasmi½ sahassan”ti-±din± saññ±ºa½ katv± gaºan±. Acchiddagaºan±ti “eka½ dve”ti-±din± navantavidhin± nirantaragaºan±. Piº¹agaºan±ti saªkalanapaµupp±dan±din± piº¹itv± gaºan±. Ten±ha “khetta½ oloketv±”ti-±di. Kasana½ kas²ti kasiggahaºena sabbo kasipaµibaddho j²vik³p±yo gahitoti ±ha “kas²ti kasikamman”ti. Jaªghavaºijj±ti jaªghasatthavasena vaºijja½ ±ha, thalavaºijj±ti sakaµasatthavasena. ¾di-saddena n±v±paº±divasena voh±ra½. Vaºippathoti vaºijamaggo, d±naggahaºavasena sa½voh±roti attho. Us³na½ asanakamma½ issatta½, dhanusippena j²vik±, idha pana issatta½ viy±ti issatta½, sabba-±vudhaj²vik±ti ±ha “±vudha½ gahetv± upaµµh±nakamman”ti. Porohicc±maccakamm±di r±jakamma½. ¾di-saddena rathasippakhattavijj±sipp±di-vutt±vasesa½ mah±sippa½ khuddakasippañca saªgaºh±ti. S²tassa purakkhatoti s²tassa purato kato. Yo hi s²tak±le j²vik±hetu s²talapadesa½ pakkhandati, so v±¼amig±d²hi viya s²tena parip±tiyam±no tena purato kato viya hoti. Ten±ha “s²tena b±dhiyam±no”ti. Uºhassa purakkhatoti etth±pi eseva nayo. Saritv±ti sa½sappitv±. Ghaµµiyam±noti hi½siyam±no b±dhiyam±no. ¾b±dhana½ ±b±dho, p²¼±ti attho. K±mahetunti v± bh±vanapu½sakaniddeso yath± “visama½ candimas³riy± parivattant²”ti (a. ni. 4.70). Tath± sesapadadvayepi. Tenev±ha “k±m±nameva het³”ti. K±m±na½ het³ti ettha purimapad±vadh±raºamayutta½ tadaññapaccayapaµikkhep±pattito, tath± uttarapad±vadh±raºa½ k±m±na½ kad±ci ahetubh±vassapi sambhavato, tasm± “uppajjatiyev±”ti vutta½.
Uµµhahatoti imin± uµµh±nav²riya½ vuttanti ±ha “±j²vasamuµµh±pakav²riyen±”ti. Ta½ v²riyanti ±j²vikasamuµµh±pakav²riya½. Pubben±para½ ghaµentass±ti ±rambhato paµµh±ya nirantara½ pavattentassa. Citte uppannabalavasokena socat²ti cittasant±pena anto nijjh±yati. K±ye uppannadukkhen±ti tasseva sokassa vasena k±ye uppannadukkhena. Sokuddesena ta½ ta½ vippalapento v± paridevati. Ura½ t±¼etv±ti vakkhappadesa½ paharitv±. “Moghan”ti-±di paridevan±k±radassanañceva sammoh±pajjan±k±radassanañca. Meti vatv± puna noti puthuvacana½ attano ubhayath±pi voharitabbato, by±m³¼havacana½ v± sokavasena.
168. Idha k±maggahaºena visesato vatthuk±m± gahit±ti k±m±diggahaºa½ kata½, n±nantariyat±ya pana kilesak±mopi gahito eva. Asicammanti ettha cammaggahaºena na kevala½ cammamayassa, cammaparisibbitasseva v± gahaºa½, atha kho sabbassapi ±vudhab±dhakassa gahaºanti dassento “kheµakaphalak±d²n²”ti ±ha. ¾di-saddena sar±disaªgaho. Dhanukal±pa½ sannayhitv±ti dhanuñceva khurappat³ºiñca sannayhitv±, dhanudaº¹assa jiy±ya tath±bh±vakaraº±dipi (a. ni. µ². 3.5.76) dhanuno sannayhananti. Dvinna½ sen±na½ by³hasa½vidh±nena v± ubhatoby³¼ha½. Vijjotalantes³ti nisitap²taphalat±ya vijjotanavasena parivattam±nesu.
P±k±rasam²p±tisaªkh±rat±ya p±k±rap±d± upak±riyo, y± “udd±p±”ti vuccanti. Satadanten±ti anekasatadantakena, yassa tikhiºadant±ni anekasat±ni m³l±ni honti. Atibh±rat±ya dasav²samatt±pi jan± ukkhipitu½ na sakkonti, yantavasena pana ukkhipitv± bandhitv± µhapenti. Ten±ha “aµµhadant±k±ren±”ti-±di. Omaddant²ti oµµhapenti.
169. Sandhimpi chindanti corik±ya j²vituk±m±. Nillopanti nissesavilopa½, eka½ paritta½ g±ma½ pariv±retv± tattha kiñcipi gayh³paga½ asesetv± karamaraggahaºa½. Ten±ha “mah±vilopan”ti. Panthaduhanakamma½ aµavimagge µhatv± addhik±na½ vilumpana½. Pah±ras±dhanattha½ (a. ni. µ². 2.2.1) daº¹appah±rassa sukhasiddhi-attha½. Kañjito nibbatta½ kañjiya½, ±ran±la½. Ya½ “bilaªgan”tipi vuccati, ta½ yattha siñcati, s± kañjiya-ukkhalik±. Bilaªgath±likasadisakaraºa½ bilaªgath±liya½. S²sakap±la½ upp±µetv±ti ayogu¼apavesanappam±ºa½ chidda½ katv±. Saªkhamuº¹akammak±raºanti saªkha½ viya muº¹akammak±raºa½.
R±humukhakammak±raºanti r±humukhagata-s³riyasadisa-kammak±raºa½. Jotim±likanti jotim±lavanta½ kammak±raºa½. Hatthapajjotikanti hatthapajjotanakammak±raºa½. Erakavattakammak±raºanti erakavattasadise sar²rato baddhe upp±µanakammak±raºa½. C²rakav±sikakammak±raºanti sar²rato upp±µitabaddhac²rak±hi niv±s±panakammak±raºa½. Ta½ karont± yath± g²vato paµµh±ya baddhe kantitv± kaµiyameva µhapenti, eva½ gopphakato paµµh±ya kantitv± kaµiyameva µhapenti. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana “kaµito paµµh±ya kantitv± gopphakesu µhapent²”ti vutta½. Eºeyyakakammak±raºanti eº²migasadisakammak±raºa½ Ayavalay±ni datv±ti ayavalay±ni paµimuñcitv±. Ayas³l±ni koµµent²ti kapparajaººukakoµ²su ayas³l±ni pavesenti. Nti ta½ tath±katakammak±raºa½ satta½.
Ba¼isama½sikanti ba¼isehi ma½supp±µanakammak±raºa½. Kah±paºikanti kah±paºamattaso chindanakammak±raºa½. Koµµent²ti chindanti. Kh±r±patacchikanti tacchetv± kh±r±vasiñcanakammak±raºa½. Palighaparivattikanti palighassa viya parivattanakammak±raºa½. Ek±baddha½ karonti ayas³lassa koµµanena. Pal±lap²µhakanti pal±lap²µhassa viya sar²rassa sa½vellanakammak±raºa½. K±raºik±ti gh±tanak±rak±. Pal±lavaµµi½ viya katv±ti yath± pal±lap²µha½ karont± pal±lavaµµi½ katv± sa½vellanavasena na½ (a. ni. µ². 2.2.1) veµhenti, eva½ karont²ti attho. Ch±takeh²ti bubhukkhitehi koleyyakasunakhehi. Balavanto hi te javayogg± s³r± ca honti. Kammavasena sampareti etth±ti sampar±yo, paraloko. Tattha bhavoti sampar±yiko.
170. Chandar±go vin²yati ceva pah²yati ca etth±ti nibb±na½ chandar±gavinayo chandar±gappah±nañc±ti. Ten±ha “nibb±nañh²”ti. Tattha ±gamm±ti ida½ yo chandar±ga½ vineti pajahati, tassa ±rammaºa½ sandh±ya vutta½. T²hi pariññ±h²ti imin± ñ±tat²raºapariññ±hi parij±nissant²ti neta½ µh±na½ vijjati. Ko pana v±do pah±napariññ±y±ti dasseti? Tathabh±v±y±ti parij±nanakabh±v±ya.
171. Aparitten±ti ah²nena. Vipulen±ti mahat±. Yadi vaººasampattidassanattha½, vaººadasaka½ kasm± na gahitanti ±ha “m±tug±massa h²”ti-±di. Bhojanasampad±d²na½ al±bhep²ti dassanattha½ “duggatakule nibbattassap²”ti vutta½. Thoka½ thoka½ vaºº±yatana½ pas²dati ma½sassa paribr³hanato thanama½s±ni va¹¹hanti j±yanti. Vaººeti hadayaªgatabh±va½ pak±sento viya hot²ti vaººo. So eva s±maggopabhog±din± nibh±t²ti nibh±. Ten±ha “vaººanibh±ti vaººoyev±”ti.
Bhogganti ativiya vaªkat±ya bhogga½. T±disa½ pana sar²ra½ bhagga½ viya hot²ti ±ha “bhaggan”ti. Ten±ha “imin±pissa vaªkabh±vameva d²pet²”ti. Dant±na½ chinnabhinnat±ya ekacc±na½ patanena ca khaº¹itadanta½. Kes±na½ setavaººat±ya palitanti ±ha “paº¹arakesan”ti. Kes±na½ mattaso siyane khall±µavoh±roti bahuso siyana½ sandh±y±ha “mah±khall±µas²san”ti. Vassasatikak±le uppajjanatilak±ni sandh±y±ha “tilak±hatagattan”ti. T±ni pana k±nici set±ni honti k±nici k±¼±n²ti ±ha “setak±¼atilakeh²”ti. By±dhikanti sañc±taby±dhi½. B±¼hagil±nanti m±raºanti kagelaññena gil±na½.
173. Tasmi½ samayeti tasmi½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharaºasamaye. Na cetet²ti na abhisandahati. By±b±dhanaµµhena by±b±dho, by±b±dhova by±bajjha½, natthi ettha by±bajjhanti aby±bajjha½, dukkharahita½. Ten±ha “niddukkhamev±”ti.
174. Anicc±di-±k±roti anicc±k±ro dukkh±k±ro vipariº±m±k±ro cal±di-±k±ro ca.

Mah±dukkhakkhandhasuttavaººan±ya l²natthappak±san± samatt±.