2. S²han±davaggo

1. C³¼as²han±dasuttavaººan±

139. Suttadesan±vatthusaªkh±tassa atthassa uppatti aµµhuppatti, s± tassa atth²ti aµµhuppattikoti vuttov±yamattho. L±bhasakk±rapaccay±ti l±bhasakk±ranimitta½, bhagavato saªghassa ca uppannal±bhasakk±rahetu, attano v± l±bhasakk±rupp±danahetu. Titthiyaparideviteti titthiy±na½ “ki½ bho samaºoyeva gotamo samaºo”ti-±din± vippalapanimitta½. “Mah±l±bhasakk±ro uppajj²”ti vatv± samantap±s±dikattha½ tassa uppattik±raºa½ dassento “catuppam±ºiko h²”ti-±dim±ha. Catt±ri pam±º±ni catuppam±º±ni, catuppam±º±ni etassa atth²ti catuppam±ºiko. Lokoyeva saªgamma sam±gamma vasanaµµhena lokasanniv±so, sattak±yoti attho. Pamin±ti u¼±rat±divisesa½ eten±ti pam±ºa½ (a. ni. µ². 2.4.65) r³pa½ r³pak±yo pam±ºa½ etass±ti r³pappam±ºo. Tato eva r³pe pasannoti r³pappasanno. Sesapadesupi eseva nayo Ghosoti pavattathutighoso (a. ni. µ². 2.4.65). L³khanti paccayal³khat±. Dhammoti s²l±dayo guºadhamm± adhippet±.
Tesa½ puggal±na½. ¾rohanti uccata½. S± ca kho tasmi½ tasmi½ k±le pam±ºayutt± daµµhabb±. Pariº±hanti n±tikisan±tith³lat±vasena mitapariº±ha½. Saºµh±nanti tesa½ tesa½ aªgapaccaªg±na½ susaºµhitata½. P±rip³rinti sabbesa½ sar²r±vayav±na½ paripuººata½ avekallata½. Tattha pam±ºa½ gahetv±ti tasmi½ r³pe r³pasampattiya½ pam±ºabh±va½ up±d±ya. Pas±da½ janet²ti adhimokkha½ upp±deti.
Paravaººan±y±ti “amuko ediso ca ediso c±”ti yasaguºavacanena. Parathoman±y±ti sammukh±va parassa sil±ghupp±danena abhitthavanena. Parapasa½san±y±ti parammukh± parassa guºasa½kittanena. Paravaººah±rik±y±ti paramparavaººah±rik±ya parampar±ya parassa kittisadd³pasa½h±rena. Tatth±ti tasmi½ thutighose.
C²varal³khanti th³lajiººabahutunnakat±di½ c²varassa l³khabh±va½. Pattal³khanti anekaganthik±hat±di½ pattassa l³khabh±va½. Vividha½ v± dukkarak±rikanti dhutaªgasevan±divasena pavatta½ n±n±vidha½ dukkaracariya½.
S²la½ v± passitv±ti s²lap±rip³rivasena visuddha½ k±yavac²sucarita½ ñ±ºacakkhun± passitv±. Jh±n±di-adhigamasiddha½ sam±dhi½ v±. Vipassan±bhiññ±saªkh±ta½ pañña½ v±.
Bhagavato sar²ra½ disv±ti sambandho. R³pappam±ºopi samm±sambuddheyeva pas²dati aparimitak±lasamupacitapuññ±nubh±vanipphann±ya sabbaso anavajj±ya sabb±k±raparipuºº±vayav±ya r³pak±yasampattiy± samantap±s±dikatt±, yass± rucirabh±vo visuddhe vigataval±hake deve puººam±siya½ paripuººakal±bh±gamaº¹ala½ candamaº¹ala½ abhibhavitv± atirocati, pabhassarabh±vo saradasamaya½ sa½vaddhitadiguºatejakiraºaj±lasamujjala½ s³riyamaº¹ala½ abhibhavati, sommakiraºarasasamujjalabh±vehi tadubhayehi abhibhuyya vattam±na½ ekasmi½ khaºe dasasahassilokadh±tu½ vijjotanasamattha½ mah±brahmuno pabh±samudaya½ abhivihacca bh±sate tapate virocati ca.
Satipi aªgaparicc±g±d²na½ d±nap±ramibh±ve paricc±gavisesabh±vadassanatthañceva sudukkarabh±vadassanatthañca aªgaparicc±g±diggahaºa½, tatth±pi ca aªgaparicc±gato visu½ nayanaparicc±gaggahaºa½, paricc±gabh±vas±maññepi rajjaparicc±gato puttad±raparicc±gaggahaºañca kata½. ¾din± nayen±ti ±di-saddena pubbayogapubbacariy±dihetusampattiy±, “itipi so bhagav±”ti-±din± (d². ni. 1.157, 255) vutt±ya phalasampattiy±, “so dhamma½ deset²”ti-±din± (d². ni. 1.255) vutt±ya sattupak±rakiriy±ya ca saªgaho daµµhabbo. Samm±sambuddheyeva pas²dati yath±vuttaguº±na½ anaññas±dh±raºabh±vato acchariyabbhutabh±vato ca. Sesesupi eseva nayo.
“C²varal³kha½ disv±”ti vatv± ta½ dassetu½ “sace bhagav±”ti-±di vutta½. S±ºapa½suk³lac²varen±ti mataka¼evara½ paliveµhetv± cha¹¹itena tumbamatte kim² papphoµetv± gahitena s±ºapa½suk³lac²varena. Bh±riyanti garuka½, dukkaranti attho. Vadhuyuvat²majjhimitthivasena, b±layobbanapur±ºavasena v± tividhan±µakat±. Hareºuy³sa½ maº¹alakal±yaraso. “Y±pessati n±m±”ti n±ma-sadda½ ±netv± sambandho. N±ma-saddayogena hi an±gatak±lassa viya payogo, y±peti icceva attho. App±ºakanti nirass±sa½ nirodhitass±sapass±sa½.
Sam±dhiguºanti s±dh±raºato vuttamattha½ vivarati jh±n±diggahaºena. M±nadabbanimmadanena nibbisevanabh±v±p±danampi damanamev±ti vutta½ “p±thikaputtadaman±d²n²”ti. ¾di-saddena saccak±¼avakabakadaman±d²na½ saªgaho. B±verunti eva½n±maka½ visaya½. Sarasampannoti aµµhaªgasamann±gatena sarena samann±gato. Tena brahmassarat±karav²kabh±ºit±dassanena lakkhaºah±ranayena avasesalakkhaºap±rip³ri½ viya tadavin±bh±vato buddh±na½ desan±vil±sañca vibh±veti.
Hatappabh±ti buddh±nubh±vena vigatatej±. K±¼apakkh³pameti satt±na½ by±mohandhak±r±bhibhavena k±¼apakkharatt³pame. S³riyeti s³riye udayitv± obh±senteti adhipp±yo.
Siªgh±µaketi tikoºaracch±ya½. Catukketi sandhiya½. Paridevant²ti anutthunanavasena vippalapanti. Sok±dhikakato hi vac²pal±po paridevo. Loke uppajjam±neyeva uppann±ti attano diµµhiv±dassa pur±tanabh±va½ d²penti.
Sesapadesup²ti “idha dutiyo samaºo”ti-±d²su sesav±resupi (a. ni. µ². 2.4.241-242) yath± hi “vivicceva k±meh²”ti (p±r±. 11; d². ni. 1.226; sa½. ni. 2.152; a. ni. 4.123) ettha kato niyamo “vivicca akusaleh²”ti (p±r±. 11; d². ni. 1.226; sa½. ni. 2.152; a. ni. 4.123) etth±pi katoyeva hoti s±vadh±raºasseva atthassa icchitabbatt±, evamidh±p²ti. Ten±ha “dutiy±dayop²”ti-±di. S±maññaphal±dhigamavasena nippariy±yato samaºabh±voti tesa½ vasenettha catt±ro samaº± desit±ti tamattha½ suttantarena samatthetu½ “tenev±h±”ti-±di vutta½. Paµipattikkamena desan±kkamena ca sakad±g±mi-±d²na½ dutiy±dit± vutt±ti sot±pannassa paµhamat± avuttasiddh±ti na codit±. Phalaµµhakasamaº±va adhippet± samitap±pasamaºaggahaºato. Kasm± panettha mah±parinibb±ne viya maggaµµh± tadatth±ya paµipann± ca na gahit±ti? Veneyyajjh±sayato. Tattha hi magg±dhigamatth±ya vipassan±pi ito bahiddh± natthi, kuto maggaphal±n²ti dassentena bhagavat± “ñ±yassa dhammassa padesavatt², ito bahiddh± samaºopi natth²”ti vutta½. Idha pana niµµh±nappattameva ta½ta½samaºabh±va½ gaºhantena phalaµµhakasamaº±va gahit± “maggaµµhato phalaµµho savisesa½ dakkhiºeyyo”ti. Sv±yamattho dv²su suttesu desan±bhedeneva viññ±yat²ti.
Ritt±ti vivitt±. Tucch±ti niss±r± paµipannakas±r±bh±vato. Pavadanti eteh²ti pav±d±, diµµhigatik±na½ n±n±diµµhid²pak± samay±ti ±ha “catt±ro sassatav±d±”ti-±di. Tattha ya½ vattabba½, ta½ parato ±gamissati. Teti yath±vuttasamaº±. Etth±ti “parappav±d±”ti vutte b±hirakasamaye.
Yanti yasmi½. Bhummatthe hi ida½ paccattavacana½. ѱyo vuccati saha vipassan±ya ariyamaggo. Tena hi nibb±na½ ñ±yati gammati paµivijjhat²ti. So eva nibb±nasamp±pakahetut±ya dhammoti ±ha “ñ±yassa dhammass±”ti.
Tesa½ parappav±das±san±na½ akhettat± khettat± ca ariyamaggassa abh±vabh±v± suparisuddhassa s²lassa suparisuddh±ya samathavipassan±ya abh±vato s±vato ca. Tadubhayañca durakkh±tasv±kkh±tabh±vahetuka½, so ca asamm±sambuddhasamm±sambuddhapaveditat±y±ti par±jik±ya satthu vipattihetut±ya s±sanassa aniyy±nabh±voti dasseti.
Id±ni yath±vuttamattha½ pariy±yato ca p±¼iy± ca samatthetu½ “ten±ha bhagav±”ti-±din± p±¼i½ dassetv± upam±padesena tattha sutta½ vibh±vento “yasm±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha yasm± ekacc±na½ visesato s²h±na½ purima½ p±dadvaya½ hatthakiccampi karoti, tasm± ±ha “surattahatthap±do”ti. S²hassa kes± n±ma kesar±yatan± khandhalom±. Gocariyahatthikula½ n±ma pakatihatthikula½, ya½ “k±l±vakan”tipi vuccati. Ghoµako n±ma assakha¼uªko. Sineruparibhaº¹e simbalirukkhehi sañch±dito paññ±sayojano daho simbalidaho, ta½ pariv±retv± mahanta½ simbalivana½, ta½ sandh±y±ha “simbalidahavane”ti. Aññatitth±v±sabh³miya½ imesu samaºesu ekacco na uppajjati, ²diso panettha vikappo natthi, sabbena sabba½ na uppajjantev±ti dassento “ekasamaºop²”ti ±ha. Ariyamaggaparikkhateti ariyamagguppattiy± abhisaªkhate, yad± s±sanik±na½ samm±paµipattiy± ariyamaggo dibbati, tad±ti attho.
Samm±ti suµµhu. Suµµhu nadana½ n±ma hetuyutta½ suµµhu katv± kathananti ±ha “hetun±”ti. So ca hetu avipar²to eva icchitabboti ±ha “nayen±”ti, ñ±yen±ti attho. Eva½bh³to ca so yath±dhippetattha½ karoti s±dhet²ti dassento ±ha “k±raºen±”ti. Yadi tiracch±nas²hassa n±do sabbatiracch±na-ekaccamanuss±manussan±dato seµµhatt± seµµhan±do, kimaªga½ pana tath±gatas²han±doti ±ha “s²han±danti seµµhan±dan”ti. Yadi tiracch±nas²han±dassa seµµhan±dat± nibbhayat±ya appaµisattut±ya icchit±, tath±gatas²han±dasseva ayamattho s±tisayoti ±ha “abh²tan±da½ appaµin±dan”ti. Id±nissa seµµhan±dabh±va½ k±raºena paµip±dento “imesañh²”ti-±dim±ha. Tena “samm±”ti vuttamattha½ samattheti. Tattha atthit±y±ti imin± s²han±dassa uttamatthata½ dasseti. Bh³taµµho hi uttamaµµho. T±ya eva bh³taµµhat±ya abh²tan±dat±ti dassento “ime samaº±…pe… n±ma hot²”ti ±ha. Abh³tañhi vadato kutoci bhaya½ v± ±saªk± v± siy±ti “idhev±”ti niyamassa avipar²tata½ dassento “amh±kampi…pe… appaµin±do n±ma hot²”ti ±ha. Yañhi aññatth±pi atthi, ta½ idhev±ti avadh±retu½ na yuttanti.
140. Khoti avadh±raºe. Tena vijjati ev±ti dasseti. Yanti karaºatthe paccattanti ±ha “yena k±raºen±”ti. Tittha½ n±ma dv±saµµhi diµµhiyo tabbinimuttassa kassaci diµµhivipphanditassa abh±vato. P±ragamanasaªkh±ta½ taraºa½ diµµhigatik±na½ (a. ni. µ². 2.3.62) tattha tattheva apar±para½ ummujjananimujjanavasena pilavananti ±ha “taranti uppalavant²”ti. Upp±det±ti p³raº±diko. Titthe j±t±ti titthiy±, yath±vutta½ v± diµµhigatasaªkh±ta½ tittha½ etesa½ atth²ti titthik±, titthik± eva titthiy±. Assasanti ettha, eten±ti v± ass±so, avassayo.
Pakatatthaniddeso ya½-ta½-saddoti tassa “bhagavat±”ti-±d²hi padehi sam±n±dhikaraºabh±vena vuttassa yena abhisambuddhabh±vena bhagav± pakato satthubh±vena adhigato sup±kaµo ca, ta½ abhisambuddhabh±va½ saddhi½ ±gamanapaµipad±ya atthabh±vena dassento “yo so…pe… abhisambuddho”ti ±ha. Satipi ñ±ºadassanasadd±na½ idha paññ±vevacanabh±ve tena tena visesena nesa½ savisaye visesappavattidassanattha½ (s±rattha. µ². pariv±ra 3.1) as±dh±raºavisesavasena vijj±ttayavasena vijj±bhiññ±n±varaºavasena sabbaññutaññ±ºama½sacakkhuvasena paµivedhadesan±ñ±ºavasena ca te yojetv± dassento “tesa½ tesan”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha ±say±nusaya½ j±nat± ±say±nusayañ±ºena, sabba½ ñeyyadhamma½ passat± sabbaññut±n±varaºañ±ºehi. Pubbeniv±s±d²h²ti pubbeniv±sa-±savakkhayañ±ºehi. Anaññas±dh±raºapuññ±nubh±vanibbatto anuttarañ±º±dhigamaladdhapur±vattako ca bhagavato r³pak±yo atikkammeva dev±na½ dev±nubh±va½ vattat²ti ±ha “sabbasatt±na½…pe… passat±”ti. Paµivedhapaññ±y±ti maggapaññ±ya. T±ya hi sabbaso ñeyyadhammesu sammohassa vidhamitatt± pacch± pavattaj±nana½ tassa j±nana½ viya vuccati.