Bojjhaªgapabbavaººan±

118. Bujjhanakasattass±ti kilesanidd±ya paµibujjhanakasattassa, ariyasacc±na½ v± paµivijjhanakasattassa. Aªges³ti k±raºesu, avayavesu v±. Udayabbayañ±ºupp±dato paµµh±ya sambodhipaµipad±ya½ µhito n±ma hot²ti ±ha “±raddhavipassakato paµµh±ya yog±vacaroti sambodh²”ti.
“Satisambojjhaªgaµµh±n²y±”ti padassa attho “vicikicchaµµh±n²y±”ti ettha vuttanayena veditabbo. Tanti yonisomanasik±ra½. Tatth±ti satiya½. Nipph±detabbe ceta½ bhumma½.
Sati ca sampajaññañca satisampajañña½ (d². ni. µ². 2.385; sa½. ni. µ². 2.5.232; a. ni. µ². 1.1.418). Atha v± satipadh±na½ abhikkant±dis±tthakabh±vapariggaºhanañ±ºa½ satisampajañña½. Ta½ sabbattha satok±ribh±v±vahatt± satisambojjhaªgassa upp±d±ya hoti. Yath± paccan²kadhamm±na½ pah±na½ anur³padhammasevan± ca anuppann±na½ kusal±na½ dhamm±na½ upp±d±ya hoti, eva½ satirahitapuggalavivajjhan±, satok±r²puggalasevan±, tattha ca yuttapayuttat± satisambojjhaªgassa upp±d±ya hot²ti imamattha½ dasseti “satisampajaññan”ti-±din±.
Dhamm±na½, dhammesu v± vicayo dhammavicayo, so eva sambojjhaªgo, tassa dhammavicayasambojjhaªgassa. “Kusal±kusal± dhamm±”ti-±d²su ya½ vattabba½, ta½ heµµh± vuttameva. Tattha yonisomanasik±rabahul²k±roti kusal±d²su ta½ta½sabh±varasalakkhaº±dikassa y±th±vato avabujjhanavasena uppanno ñ±ºasampayuttacittupp±do. So hi avipar²tamanasik±rat±ya “yonisomanasik±ro”ti vutto, tad±bhogat±ya ±vajjan±pi taggatik±va, tassa abhiºhapavattana½ bahul²k±ro. Bhiyyobh±v±y±ti punappunabh±v±ya. Vepull±y±ti vipulabh±v±ya. P±rip³riy±ti paribr³han±ya.
Paripucchakat±ti pariyog±hetv± pucchakabh±vo. ¾cariye payirup±sitv± pañcapi nik±ye saha aµµhakath±ya pariyog±hetv± ya½ ya½ tattha gaºµhiµµh±nabh³ta½, ta½ ta½ “ida½ bhante katha½, imassa ko attho”ti khandh±yatan±di-attha½ pucchantassa dhammavicayasambojjhaªgo uppajjati. Ten±ha “khandhadh±tu…pe… bahulat±”ti.
Vatthuvisadakiriy±ti ettha cittacetasik±na½ pavattiµµh±nabh±vato sar²ra½, tappaµibaddh±ni c²var±d²ni ca idha “vatth³n²”ti adhippet±ni. T±ni yath± cittassa sukh±vah±ni honti, tath± karaºa½ tesa½ visadabh±vakaraºa½. Tena vutta½ “ajjhattikab±hir±nan”ti-±di. Ussannadosanti v±t±di-ussannadosa½. Sedamalamakkhitanti sedena ceva jallik±saªkh±tena sar²ramalena ca makkhita½. Ca-saddena aññampi sar²rassa p²¼±vaha½ saªgaºh±ti. Sen±sana½ v±ti -saddena patt±d²na½ saªgaho daµµhabbo. Avisade sati, visayabh³te v±. Katha½ bh±vanamanuyuttassa t±ni visayo? Antarantar± pavattanakacittupp±davaseneva½ vutta½. Te hi cittupp±d± cittekaggat±ya aparisuddhabh±v±ya sa½vattanti. Cittacetasikesu nissay±dipaccayabh³tesu. ѱºamp²ti pi-saddo sampiº¹anattho. Tena na kevala½ ta½ vatthuyeva, atha kho tasmi½ aparisuddhe ñ±ºampi aparisuddha½ hot²ti nissay±parisuddhiy± ta½nissit±parisuddhi viya visayassa aparisuddhat±ya visay²na½ aparisuddhi½ dasseti.
Samabh±vakaraºanti kiccato an³n±dhikabh±vakaraºa½. Yath±paccaya½ saddheyyavatthusmi½ adhimokkhakiccassa paµutarabh±vena paññ±ya avisadat±ya v²riy±d²nañca sithilat±din± saddhindriya½ balava½ hoti. Ten±ha “itar±ni mand±n²”ti. Tatoti tasm± saddhindriyassa balavabh±vato itaresañca mandatt±. Kosajjapakkhe patitu½ adatv± sampayuttadhamm±na½ paggaºhana½ anubalappad±na½ paggaho, paggahova kicca½ paggahakicca½. “K±tu½ na sakkot²”ti ±netv± sambandhitabba½. ¾rammaºa½ upagantv± µh±na½, anissajjana½ v± upaµµh±na½. Vikkhepapaµipakkho, yena v± sampayutt± avikkhitt± honti, so avikkhepo. R³pagata½ viya cakkhun± yena y±th±vato visayasabh±va½ passati, ta½ dassanakicca½ k±tu½ na sakkoti balavat± saddhindriyena abhibh³tatt±. Sahaj±tadhammesu indaµµha½ k±rent±na½ sahapavattam±n±na½ dhamm±na½ ekarasat±vaseneva atthasiddhi, na aññath±.
Tasm±ti vuttamevattha½ k±raºabh±vena pacc±masati. Tanti saddhindriya½. Dhammasabh±vapaccavekkhaºen±ti yassa saddheyyavatthuno u¼±rat±diguºe adhimuccanassa s±tisayappavattiy± saddhindriya½ balava½ j±ta½, tassa paccayapaccayuppannat±divibh±gato y±th±vato v²ma½sanena. Evañhi eva½dhammat±nayena sabh±vasarasato pariggayham±ne savipph±ro adhimokkho na hoti “aya½ imesa½ dhamm±na½ sabh±vo”ti parij±nanavasena paññ±by±p±rassa s±tisayatt±. Dhuriyadhammesu hi yath± saddh±ya balavabh±ve paññ±ya mandabh±vo hoti, eva½ paññ±ya balavabh±ve saddh±ya mandabh±vo hoti. Tena vutta½ “ta½ dhammasabh±vapaccavekkhaºena…pe… h±petabban”ti. Tath± amanasik±ren±ti yen±k±rena bh±vanamanuyuñjantassa saddhindriya½ balava½ j±ta½, ten±k±rena bh±van±ya ananuyuñjanatoti vutta½ hoti. Idha duvidhena saddhindriyassa balavabh±vo attano v± paccayavisesavasena kiccuttariyato v²riy±d²na½ v± mandakiccat±ya. Tattha paµhamavikappe h±panavidhi dassito, dutiyavikappe pana yath± manasikaroto v²riy±d²na½ mandakiccat±ya saddhindriya½ balava½ j±ta½, tath± amanasik±rena, v²riy±d²na½ paµukiccabh±v±vahena manasik±rena saddhindriya½ tehi samarasa½ karontena h±petabba½. Imin± nayena sesindriyesupi h±panavidhi veditabbo.
Vakkalittheravatth³ti so hi ±yasm± saddh±dhimutt±ya kat±dhik±ro satthu r³pak±yadassanapasuto eva hutv± viharanto satth±r± “ki½ te, vakkali, imin± p³tik±yena diµµhena, yo kho, vakkali, dhamma½ passati, so ma½ passat²”ti-±din± (sa½. ni. 3.87) ovaditv± kammaµµh±ne niyojitopi ta½ ananuyuñjanto paº±mito att±na½ vinip±tetu½ pap±taµµh±na½ abhiruhi. Atha na½ satth± yath±nisinnova obh±sagissajjanena atth±na½ dassetv±–
“P±mojjabahulo bhikkhu, pasanno buddhas±sane;
adhigacche pada½ santa½, saªkh±r³pasama½ sukhan”ti. (Dha. pa. 381).
G±tha½ vatv± “ehivakkal²”ti ±ha. So tena amateneva abhisitto haµµhatuµµho hutv± vipassana½ paµµhapesi, saddh±ya pana balavabh±vato vipassan±v²thi½ na otarati. Ta½ ñatv± bhagav± tassa indriyasamattapaµip±dan±ya kammaµµh±na½ sodhetv± ad±si. So satth±r± dinnanayena vipassana½ ussukk±petv± maggapaµip±µiy± arahatta½ p±puºi. Tena vutta½ “vakkalittheravatthu cettha nidassanan”ti.
Itarakiccabhedanti upaµµh±n±dikiccavisesa½. Passaddh±d²ti ±di-saddena sam±dhi-upekkh±sambojjhaªg±na½ saªgaho. H±petabbanti yath± saddhindriyassa balavabh±vo dhammasabh±vapaccavekkhaºena h±yati, eva½ v²riyindriyassa adhimattat± passaddhi-±dibh±van±ya h±yati sam±dhipakkhiyatt± tass±. Tath±hi s± sam±dhindriyassa adhimattata½ kosajjap±tato rakkhant² v²riy±dibh±van± viya v²riyindriyassa adhimattata½ uddhaccap±tato rakkhant² eka½sato h±peti. Tena vutta½ “passaddh±dibh±van±ya h±petabban”ti. Soºattherassa vatth³ti sukhum±lasoºattherassa vatthu. So hi ±yasm±, satthu, santike kammaµµh±na½ gahetv± s²tavane viharanto “mama sar²ra½ sukhum±la½, na ca sakk± sukheneva sukha½ adhigantu½, k±ya½ kilametv±pi samaºadhammo k±tabbo”ti µh±nacaªkamameva adhiµµh±ya padh±namanuyuñjanto p±datalesu phoµesu uµµhitesupi vedana½ ajjhupekkhitv± da¼hav²riya½ karonto acc±raddhav²riyat±ya visesa½ nibbattetu½ n±sakkhi. Satth± tattha gantv± v²º³pamov±dena ovaditv± v²riyasamat±yojanavidhi½ dassento kammaµµh±na½ sodhetv± gijjhak³µa½ gato. Theropi satth±r± dinnanayena v²riyasamata½ yojetv± bh±vento vipassana½ ussukk±petv± arahatte patiµµh±si. Tena vutta½ “soºattherassa vatthu dassetabban”ti. Sesesup²ti satisam±dhipaññindriyesupi.
Samatanti saddh±paññ±na½ aññamañña½ an³n±nadhikabh±va½, tath± sam±dhiv²riy±na½. Yath± hi saddh±paññ±na½ visu½ visu½ dhuriyadhammabh³t±na½ kiccato aññamaññ±n±tivattana½ visesato icchitabba½, yato nesa½ samadhurat±ya appan± sampajjati, eva½ sam±dhiv²riy±na½ kosajjuddhaccapakkhik±na½ samarasat±ya sati aññamaññ³patthambhanato sampayuttadhamm±na½ antadvayap±t±bh±vena sammadeva appan± ijjhat²ti. Balavasaddhoti-±di vuttassevatthassa byatirekamukhena samatthana½. Tassattho– yo balavatiy± saddh±ya samann±gato avisadañ±ºo, so mudh±pasanno hoti, na aveccappasanno. Tath± hi so avatthusmi½ pas²dati seyyath±pi titthiyas±vak±. Ker±µikapakkhanti s±µheyyapakkha½ bhajati. Saddh±h²n±ya paññ±ya atidh±vanto “deyyavatthuparicc±gena vin± cittupp±damattenapi d±namaya½ puñña½ hot²”ti-±d²ni parikappeti hetupatir³pakehi vañcito, eva½bh³to ca sukkhatakkaviluttacitto paº¹it±na½ vacana½ n±diyati, saññatti½ na gacchati. Ten±ha “bhesajjasamuµµhito viya rogo atekiccho hot²”ti. Yath± cettha saddh±paññ±na½ aññamañña½ samabh±vo atth±vaho, anatth±vaho visamabh±vo, eva½ sam±dhiv²riy±na½ aññamañña½ avikkhep±vaho samabh±vo, itaro vikkhep±vaho c±ti. Kosajja½ adhibhavati, tena appana½ na p±puº±t²ti adhipp±yo Uddhacca½ adhibhavat²ti etth±pi eseva nayo. Tadubhayanti saddh±paññ±dvaya½ sam±dhiv²riyadvayañca. Sama½ k±tabbanti samarasa½ k±tabba½.
Sam±dhikammikass±ti samathakammaµµh±nikassa. Evanti eva½ sante, saddh±ya thoka½ balavabh±ve sat²ti attho. Saddahantoti “pathav²ti manasik±ramattena katha½ jh±nuppatt²”ti acintetv± “addh± samm±sambuddhena vuttavidhi ijjhissat²”ti saddahanto saddha½ janento. Okappentoti ±rammaºa½ anupavisitv± viya adhimuccanavasena avakappento pakkhandanto. Ekaggat± balavat² vaµµati sam±dhippadh±natt± jh±nassa. Ubhinnanti sam±dhipaññ±na½. Sam±dhikammikassa sam±dhino adhimattat±ya paññ±ya adhimattat±pi icchitabb±ti ±ha “samat±yap²”ti, samabh±venap²ti attho. Appan±ti lokiya-appan±. Tath± hi “hotiyev±”ti s±saªka½ vadati. Lokuttarappan± pana tesa½ samabh±veneva icchit±. Yath±ha “samathavipassana½ yuganaddha½ bh±vet²”ti (a. ni. 4.17; paµi. ma. 2.5). Yadi visesato saddh±paññ±na½ sam±dhiv²riy±nañca samat± icchit±, katha½ sat²ti ±ha “sati pana sabbattha balavat² vaµµat²”ti. Sabbatth±ti l²nuddhaccapakkhikesu pañcasu indriyesu. Uddhaccapakkhikekadese gaºhanto “saddh±v²riyapaññ±nan”ti ±ha. Aññath± p²ti ca gahetabb± siy±. Tath± hi “kosajjapakkhikena sam±dhin±”icceva vutta½, na “passaddhisam±dhi-upekkh±h²”ti. ti sati. Sabbesu r±jakammesu niyutto sabbakammiko. Ten±ti ten± sabbattha icchitabbatthena k±raºena. ¾ha aµµhakath±ya½. Sabbattha niyutt± sabbatthik±, sabbena v± l²nuddhaccapakkhiyena bojjhaªgena atthetabb± sabbatthiy±, sabbatthiy±va sabbatthik±. Cittanti kusalacitta½. Tassa hi sati paµisaraºa½ par±yaºa½ appattassa pattiy± anadhigatassa adhigam±ya. Ten±ha “±rakkhapaccupaµµh±n±”ti-±di.