Dhamm±nupassan±vaººan±

N²varaºapabbavaººan±

115. Pah±tabb±didhammavibh±gadassanavasena pañcadh± dhamm±nupassan± niddiµµh±ti ayamattho p±¼ito eva viññ±yat²ti tamattha½ ulliªgento “pañcavidhena dhamm±nupassana½ kathetun”ti vutta½. Yadi eva½ kasm± n²varaº±divaseneva niddiµµhanti? Veneyyajjh±sayato. Yesañhi veneyy±na½ pah±tabbadhammesu paµhama½ n²varaº±ni vibh±gena vattabb±ni, tesa½ vasenettha bhagavat± paµhama½ n²varaºesu dhamm±nupassan± kathit±. Tath± hi k±y±nupassan±pi samathapubbaªgam± desit±, tato pariññeyyesu khandhesu ±yatanesu, bh±vetabbesu bojjhaªgesu pariññey±divibh±gesu saccesu ca uttar± desan± desit±, tasm± cettha samathabh±van±pi y±vadeva vipassanattha½ icchit±, vipassan±padh±n± vipassan±bahul± ca satipaµµh±nadesan±ti tass± vipassan±bhinivesavibh±gena desitabh±va½ vibh±vento “apic±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha khandh±yatanadukkhasaccavasena missakapariggahakathana½ daµµhabba½. Saññ±saªkh±rakkhandhapariggahamp²ti pi-saddena sakalapañcup±d±nakkhandhapariggaha½ sampiº¹eti itaresa½ tadantogadhatt±. “Kaºhasukk±na½ yugandhat± natth²”ti paj±nanak±le abh±v± “abhiºhasamud±c±ravasen±”ti vutta½. Yath±ti yen±k±rena. So pana “k±macchandassa upp±do hot²”ti vuttatt± k±macchandassa k±raº±k±rova, atthato k±raºamev±ti ±ha “yena k±raºen±”ti. Ca-saddo vakkham±natthasamuccayattho.
Tatth±ti “yath± c±”ti-±din± vuttapade. Subhamp²ti k±macchandopi. So hi attano gahaº±k±rena “subhan”ti vuccati, ten±k±rena pavattanakassa aññassa k±macchandassa nimittatt± “subhanimittan”ti ca. Iµµha½, iµµh±k±rena v± gayham±na½ r³p±di subh±rammaºa½. ¾kaªkhitassa hitasukhassa anup±yabh³to manasik±ro anup±yamanasik±ro. Tanti ayonisomanasik±ra½. Tatth±ti nipph±detabbe ±rammaºabh³te ca duvidhepi subhanimitte. ¾h±roti paccayo.
Asubhamp²ti asubhajjh±nampi uttarapadalopena. Ta½ pana dasasu aviññ±ºak±subhesu, kes±d²su ca pavatta½ daµµhabba½. Kes±d²su hi saññ± asubhasaññ±ti girim±nandasutte (a. ni. 10.60) vutt±ti. Ettha ca catubbidhassa ayonisomanasik±rassa yonisomanasik±rassa ca gahaºa½ niravasesadassanattha½ katanti daµµhabba½. Tesu pana asubhe “subhan”ti, “asubhan”ti ca manasik±ro idh±dhippeto, tadanuk³latt± v± itarep²ti.
Ek±dasasu (a. ni. µ². 1.1.16) asubhesu paµik³l±k±rassa uggaºhana½, yath± v± tattha uggahanimitta½ uppajjati, tath± paµipatti asubhanimittassa uggaho. Upac±rappan±vah±ya asubhabh±van±ya anuyuñjana½ asubhabh±van±nuyogo. Bhojane mattaññuno thinamiddh±bhibhav±bh±v± ot±ra½ alabham±no k±macchando pah²yat²ti vadanti. Bhojananissita½ pana ±h±re paµik³lasañña½, tabbipariº±massa, tad±dh±rassa, tassa ca udariyabh³tassa asubhat±dassana½, k±yassa ±h±raµµhitikat±dassanañca yo sammadeva j±n±ti, so visesato bhojane mattaññ³ n±ma, tassa ca k±macchando pah²yateva. Asubhakammikatissatthero dantaµµhidass±v². Abhidhammapariy±yena (dha. sa. 1159, 1503) sabbopi lobho k±macchandan²varaºanti ±ha “arahattamaggen±”ti.
Paµighampi purimuppanna½ paµighanimitta½ parato uppajjanakapaµighassa k±raºanti katv±. Mejjati hitapharaºavasena siniyhat²ti mitto, tasmi½ mitte bhav±, mittassa v± es±ti mett±, tass± mett±ya.
Mett±yanassa sattesu hitapharaºassa upp±dana½ pavattana½ mett±nimittassa uggaho. Odhisaka-anodhisakadis±pharaº±nanti atta-atipiyasah±yamajjhattaver²vasena odhisakat±, s²m±sambhede kate anodhisakat±, ek±didis±pharaºavasena dis±pharaºat± mett±ya uggahaºe veditabb±. Vih±raracch±g±m±divasena v± odhisakadis±pharaºa½, vih±r±di-uddesarahita½ puratthim±didis±vasena anodhisakadis±pharaºanti eva½ v± dvidh± uggahaºa½ sandh±ya “odhisaka-anodhisakadis±pharaº±nan”ti vutta½. Uggaho ca y±va upac±r± daµµhabbo, uggahit±ya ±sevan± bh±van±. Tattha “sabbe satt±, p±º±, bh³t±, puggal±, attabh±vapariy±pann±”ti etesa½ vasena pañcavidh±, ekekasmi½ “aver± hontu, aby±pajj±, an²gh±, sukh² att±na½ pariharant³”ti catudh± pavattito v²satividh± anodhisakapharaº± mett±, “sabb± itthiyo, puris±, ariy±, anariy±, dev±, manuss±, vinip±tik±”ti sattodhikaraºavasena pavatt± sattavidh± aµµhav²satividh± v±, dasahi dis±hi disodhikaraºavasena pavatt± dasavidh± ca, ekek±ya v± dis±ya satt±di-itth±di-aver±dibhedena as²t±dhikacatusatappabhed± ca odhibhopharaº± veditabb±.
Yena ayonisomanasik±rena arati-±dik±ni uppajjanti, so arati-±d²su ayonisomanasik±ro, tena. Nipph±detabbe hi ida½ bhumma½. Esa nayo ito paresupi. Ukkaºµhit± pantasen±sanesu adhikusalesu dhammesu ca uppajjanabh±variñcan±. K±yavin±man±ti k±yassa vir³pen±k±rena n±man±.
Kusaladhammasampaµipattiy± paµµhapanasabh±vat±ya, tappaµipakkh±na½ visosanasabh±vat±ya ca ±rambhadh±tu-±dito pavattav²riyanti ±ha “paµham±rambhav²riyan”ti. Yasm± paµham±rambhamattassa kosajjavidhamana½ th±magamanañca natthi, tasm± vutta½ “kosajjato nikkhantat±ya tato balavataran”ti. Yasm± pana apar±paruppattiy± laddh±sevana½ upar³parivisesa½ ±vahanta½ ativiya th±magatameva hoti, tasm± vutta½ “para½ para½ µh±na½ akkamanato tatopi balavataran”ti.
Atibhojane nimittagg±hoti atibhojane thinamiddhassa nimittagg±ho, “ettake bhutte thinamiddhassa k±raºa½ hoti, ettake na hot²”ti thinamiddhassa k±raº±k±raºagg±ho hot²ti attho. Div± s³riy±lokanti div± gahitanimitta½ s³riy±loka½ rattiya½ manasikarontassap²ti evamettha attho veditabbo. Dhutaªg±na½ v²riyanissitatt± vutta½ “dhutaªganissitasapp±yakath±yap²”ti.
Kukkuccampi kat±kat±nusocanavasena pavattam±na½ cetaso av³pasam±vahat±ya uddhaccena sam±nalakkhaºamev±ti “av³pasamo n±ma av³pasant±k±ro, uddhaccakukkuccameveta½ atthato”ti vutta½.
Bahussutassa ganthato atthato ca sutt±d²ni vic±rentassa atthaved±dipaµil±bhasabbh±vato vikkhepo na hoti, yath±vidhipaµipattiy± yath±nur³papaµik±rappavattiy± ca kat±kat±nusocanañca na hot²ti “b±husaccenapi…pe… uddhaccakukkucca½ pah²yat²”ti ±ha. Yadaggena b±husaccena uddhaccakukkucca½ pah²yati, tadaggena paripucchakat±vinayapakataññut±hipi ta½ pah²yat²ti daµµhabba½. Buddhasevit± ca buddhas²lita½ ±vahat²ti cetaso v³pasamakaratt± uddhaccakukkuccapah±nak±r² vutt±. Buddhatta½ pana anapekkhitv± vinayadhar± kukkuccavinodak± kaly±ºamitt± vutt±ti daµµhabb±. Vikkhepo ca bhikkhuno yebhuyyena kukkuccahetuko hot²ti “kappiy±kappiyaparipucch±mahulass±”ti-±din± vinayanayeneva paripucchakat±dayo niddiµµh±. Pah²ne uddhaccakukkucceti niddh±raºe bhumma½. Kukkuccassa domanassasahagatatt± an±g±mimaggena ±yati½ anupp±do vutto.
Tiµµhati pavattati etth±ti µh±n²y±, vicikicch±ya µh±n²y± vicikicch±µµh±n²y±, vicikicch±ya k±raºabh³t± dhamm±. Tiµµhat²ti v± µh±n²y±, vicikicch± µh±n²y± etiss±ti vicikicch±µµh±n²y±, atthato vicikicch± eva. S± hi purimuppann± parato uppajjanakavicikicch±ya sabh±gahetut±ya as±dh±raºa½.
Kusal±kusal±ti kosallasambh³taµµhena kusal±, tappaµipakkhato akusal±. Ye akusal±, te s±vajj± asevitabb± h²n± ca. Ye kusal±, te anavajj± sevitabb± paº²t± ca. Kusal±pi v± h²nehi chand±d²hi ±raddh± h²n±, paº²tehi paº²t±. Kaºh±ti k±¼ak±, cittassa apabhassarabh±vakaraº±. Sukk±ti od±t±, cittassa pabhassarabh±vakaraº±. Kaºh±bhij±tihetuto v± kaºh±, sukk±bhij±tihetuto sukk±. Te eva sappaµibh±g±. Kaºh± hi ujuvipaccan²kat±ya sukkehi sappaµibh±g±, tath± sukk±pi itarehi. Atha v± kaºhasukk± ca sappaµibh±g± ca kaºhasukkasappaµibh±g±. Sukh± hi vedan± dukkh±yavedan±ya sappaµibh±g±, dukkh± ca vedan± sukh±ya vedan±ya sappaµibh±g±ti.
K±ma½ b±husaccaparipucchakat±hi aµµhavatthuk±pi vicikicch± pah²yati, tath±pi ratanattayavicikicch±m³lik± sesavicikicch±ti katv± ±ha “t²ºi ratan±ni ±rabbh±”ti. Ratanattayaguº±vabodhe hi “satthari kaªkhat²”ti (dha. sa. 1008, 1123, 1167, 1241, 1263, 1270; vibha. 915) ±divicikicch±ya asambhavoti. Vinaye pakataññut± “sikkh±ya kaªkhat²”ti (dha. sa. 1008, 1123, 1167, 1241, 1263, 1270; vibha. 915) vutt±ya vicikicch±ya pah±na½ karot²ti ±ha “vinaye ciººavas²bh±vassap²”ti. Okappan²yasaddh±saªkh±ta-adhimokkhabahulass±ti saddheyyavatthuno anupavisanasaddh±saªkh±ta-adhimokkhena adhimuccanabahulassa Adhimuccanañca adhimokkhupp±danamev±ti daµµhabba½. Saddh±ya v± ninnapoºat± adhimutti adhimokkho.
Subhanimitta-asubhanimitt±d²s³ti “subhanimitt±d²su asubhanimitt±d²s³”ti ±di-saddo pacceka½ yojetabbo. Tattha paµhamena ±di-saddena paµighanimitt±d²na½ saªgaho, dutiyena mett±cetovimutti-±d²na½. Sesamettha ya½ vattabba½, ta½ vuttanayamev±ti.

N²varaºapabbavaººan± niµµhit±.