Vedan±nupassan±vaººan±

113. Sukha½ vedananti ettha sukhayat²ti sukh±, sampayuttadhamme k±yañca laddhass±de karot²ti attho. Suµµhu v± kh±dati, khanati v± k±yika½ cetasikañca ±b±dhanti sukh±. Sukara½ ok±sad±na½ etiss±ti sukh±ti apare. Vedayati ±rammaºarasa½ anubhavat²ti vedan±. Vedayam±noti anubhavam±no. K±manti-±d²su ya½ vattabba½, ta½ iriy±pathapabbe vuttameva. Sampaj±nassa vediyana½ sampaj±navediyana½.
“Voh±ramatta½ hot²”ti etena “sukha½ vedana½ vedayam±no sukha½ vedana½ veday±m²”ti ida½ voh±ramattanti dasseti. Vatthu-±rammaº±ti r³p±di-±rammaº±. R³p±di-±rammaºañhi vedan±ya pavattiµµh±nat±ya “vatth³”ti adhippeta½. Ass±ti bhaveyya. Dhammavinimuttassa aññassa kattu abh±vato dhammasseva kattubh±va½ dassento “vedan±va vedayat²”ti ±ha. Nitthunantoti. Balavato vedan±vegassa nirodhane ±d²nava½ disv± tassa avasarad±navasena nitthunanto. V²riyasamata½ yojetv±ti adhiv±sanav²riyassa adhimattatt± tassa h±panavasena sam±dhin± samarasat±p±danena v²riyasamata½ yojetv±. Saha paµisambhid±h²ti lokuttarapaµisambhid±hi saha. Lokiy±nampi v± sati uppattik±le tattha samatthata½ sandh±y±ha “saha paµisambhid±h²”ti. Samas²s²ti v±rasamas²s² hutv±, paccavekkhaºav±rassa anantarav±re parinibb±y²ti attho.
Yath± ca sukha½, eva½ dukkhanti yath± “sukha½ vedayat²”ti-±din± sampaj±navediyana½ sandh±ya vutta½, eva½ dukkhampi. Tattha dukkhayat²ti dukkh±, sampayuttadhamme k±yañca p²¼eti vib±dhat²ti attho. Duµµhu½ v± kh±dati, khanati v± k±yika½ cetasikañca s±tanti dukkh±. Dukkara½ ok±sad±na½ etiss±ti dukkh±ti apare. Ar³pakammaµµh±nanti ar³papariggaha½, ar³padhammamukhena vipassan±bhinivesanti attho. R³pakammaµµh±nena pana samath±bhinivesopi saªgayhati, vipassan±bhiniveso pana idh±dhippetoti dassento ±ha. “R³papariggaho ar³papariggahotipi etadeva vuccat²”ti. Catudh±tuvavatth±na½ kathes²ti etth±pi “yebhuyyen±”ti pada½ ±netv± sambandhitabba½. Tadubhayanti catudh±tuvavatth±nassa saªkhepavitth±radvayam±ha. Saªkhepamanasik±ravasena mah±satipaµµh±ne, vitth±ramanasik±ravasena r±hulov±da- (ma. ni. 2.115-117) dh±tuvibhaªg±d²su (vibha. 174-175).
Yebhuyyaggahaºena tadaññadhammavasenapi ar³pakammaµµh±nakath±ya atthit± d²pit±ti ta½ vibh±gena dassetu½ “tividho h²”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha abhinivesoti anuppaveso, ±rambhoti attho. ¾rambhe eva hi aya½ vibh±go, sammasana½ pana anavasesatova dhamme pariggahetv± vattati. Pariggahite r³pakammaµµh±neti ida½ r³pamukhena vipassan±bhinivesa½ sandh±ya vutta½, ar³pamukhena pana vipassan±bhiniveso yebh³yyena samathay±nikassa icchitabbo, so ca paµhama½ jh±naªg±ni pariggahetv± tato para½ sesadhamme pariggaºh±ti. Paµham±bhinip±toti sabbe cetasik± citt±yatt± cittakiriyabh±vena vuccant²ti phasso cittassa paµham±bhinip±to vutto, uppannaphasso puggalo, cittacetasikar±si v± ±rammaºena phuµµho phassasahaj±t±ya vedan±ya ta½samak±lameva vedeti, phasso pana obh±sassa viya pad²po vedan±d²na½ paccayaviseso hot²ti purimak±lo viya vuccati, y± tassa ±rammaº±bhiniropanalakkhaºat± vuccati. Phusantoti ±rammaºassa phusan±k±rena. Ayañhi ar³padhammat± ekadesena anall²yam±nopi r³pa½ viya cakkhu, saddo viya ca sota½ citta½ ±rammaºañca phusanto viya saªghaµµento viya ca pavattati. Tath±hesa “saªghaµµanaraso”ti vuccati.
¾rammaºa½ anubhavant²ti issaravat±ya visavit±ya s±mibh±vena ±rammaºarasa½ anubhavant². Phass±d²nañhi sampayuttadhamm±na½ ±rammaºe ekadeseneva pavatti phusan±dimattabh±vato, vedan±ya pana iµµh±k±rasambhog±divasena pavattanato ±rammaºe nippadesato pavatti. Phusan±dibh±vena hi ±rammaºaggahaºa½ ekades±nubhavana½, vedayit±bh±vena gahaºa½ yath±k±ma½ sabb±nubhavana½ evasabh±v±neva t±ni gahaº±n²ti na vedan±ya viya phass±d²nampi yath±saka½ kiccakaraºena s±mibh±v±nubhavana½ codetabba½. Vij±nantanti paricchindanavasena visesato j±nanta½. Viññ±ºañhi minitabbavatthu½ n±¼iy± minanto puriso viya ±rammaºa½ paricchijja vibh±venta½ pavattati, na saññ± viya sañj±nanamatta½ hutv±. Tath± hi anena kad±ci lakkhaºattayavibh±van±pi hoti. Imesa½ pana phass±d²na½ tassa tassa p±kaµabh±vo paccayavisesasiddhassa pubb±bhogassa vasena veditabb±.
Eva½ tassa tasseva p±kaµabh±vepi “sabba½, bhikkhave, abhiññeyyan”ti (sa½. ni. 4.46; paµi. ma. 1.3) “sabbañca kho, bhikkhave, abhij±nan”ti (sa½. ni. 4.26) ca evam±divacanato sabbe sammasanupag± dhamm± pariggahetabb±ti dassento “tattha yass±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha phassapañcamakeyev±ti avadh±raºa½ tadantogadhatt± taggahaºeneva gahitatt± catunna½ ar³pakkhandh±na½. Phassapañcamakaggahaºañhi tassa sabbacittupp±das±dh±raºabh±vato, tattha ca phassacetan±ggahaºena sabbasaªkh±rakkhandhadhammasaªgaho cetan±padh±natt± tesa½. Tath± hi suttantabh±jan²ye saªkh±rakkhandhavibhaªge (vibha. 12) “cakkhusamphassaj± cetan±”ti-±din± cetan±va vibhatt±, itare pana khandh± sar³peneva gahit±.
Vatthu½ nissit±ti ettha vatthu-saddo karajak±yavisayoti kathamida½ viññ±yat²ti ±ha “ya½ sandh±ya vuttan”ti-±di. Kattha pana vutta½? S±maññaphale. Soti karajak±yo. Pañcakkhandhavinimutta½ n±mar³pa½ natth²ti ida½ adhik±ravasena vutta½. Aññath± hi khandhavinimuttampi n±ma½ atthev±ti. Avijj±dihetuk±ti avijj±taºhup±d±n±dihetuk±. Vipassan±paµip±µiy±…pe… vicarat²ti imin± balavavipassana½ vatv± puna tassa ussukk±pana½ vises±dhigamanañca dassento “so”ti-±dim±ha.
Idh±ti imissa½ dutiyasatipaµµh±nadesan±ya½, tass± pana vedan±nupassan±vasena kathetabbatt± bhagav± vedan±vasena kathesi. Yath±vuttesu ca t²su kammaµµh±n±bhinivesesu vedan±vasena kammaµµh±n±bhiniveso sukaro vedan±na½ vibh³tabh±vatoti dassetu½ “phassavasena h²”ti-±di vutta½. Na p±kaµa½ hot²ti ida½ t±dise puggale sandh±ya vutta½, yesa½ ±dito vedan±va vibh³tatar± hutv± upaµµh±ti. Evañhi ya½ vutta½ “phasso p±kaµo hoti, viññ±ºa½ p±kaµa½ hot²”ti, ta½ avirodhita½ hoti. Vedan±na½ uppattip±kaµat±y±ti ca ida½ sukhadukkhavedan±na½ vasena vutta½. T±sañhi pavatti o¼±rik±, na itar±ya. Tadubhayaggahaºamukhena v± gahetabbatt± itar±yapi pavatti viññ³na½ p±kaµ± ev±ti “vedan±nan”ti avisesaggahaºa½ daµµhabba½. Yad± sukha½ uppajjat²ti-±di sukhavedan±ya p±kaµabh±vavibh±vana½. Neva tasmi½ samaye dukkha½ vedana½ vedet²ti tasmi½ sukhavedan±samaªgisamaye neva dukkha½ vedana½ vedeti niruddhatt±, anuppannatt± ca yath±kkama½ at²t±n±gat±na½ paccuppann±ya pana asambhavo vuttoyeva. Sakiccakkhaºamatt±vaµµh±nato anicc±. Sameccasambhuyya paccayehi katatt± saªkhat±. Vatth±rammaº±dipaccaya½ paµicca uppannatt± paµiccasamuppann±. Khayavayapalujjananirujjhanapakatit±ya khayadhamm±…pe… nirodhadhamm±ti daµµhabb±.
Kilesehi ±masitabbato ±misa½ n±ma pañca k±maguº±, ±rammaºakaraºavasena saha ±miseh²ti ±mis±. Ten±ha “pañcak±maguº±misanissit±”ti. Ito paranti “atthi vedan±”ti evam±dip±¼i½ sandh±y±ha “k±y±nupassan±ya½ vuttanayamev±”ti.

Vedan±nupassan±vaººan± niµµhit±.