8. Kosambiyasutta½

491. Eva½ me suta½– eka½ samaya½ bhagav± kosambiya½ viharati ghosit±r±me. Tena kho pana samayena kosambiya½ bhikkh³ bhaŗ¹anaj±t± kalahaj±t± viv±d±pann± ańńamańńa½ mukhasatt²hi vitudant± viharanti. Te na ceva ańńamańńa½ sańń±penti na ca sańńatti½ upenti, na ca ańńamańńa½ nijjh±penti, na ca nijjhatti½ upenti. Atha kho ańńataro bhikkhu yena bhagav± tenupasaŖkami; upasaŖkamitv± bhagavanta½ abhiv±detv± ekamanta½ nis²di. Ekamanta½ nisinno kho so bhikkhu bhagavanta½ etadavoca– “idha, bhante, kosambiya½ bhikkh³ bhaŗ¹anaj±t± kalahaj±t± viv±d±pann± ańńamańńa½ mukhasatt²hi vitudant± viharanti, te na ceva ańńamańńa½ sańń±penti, na ca sańńatti½ upenti, na ca ańńamańńa½ nijjh±penti, na ca nijjhatti½ upent²”ti.
Atha kho bhagav± ańńatara½ bhikkhu½ ±mantesi– “ehi tva½, bhikkhu, mama vacanena te bhikkh³ ±mantehi– ‘satth± vo ±yasmante ±mantet²”’ti. “Eva½ bhante”ti kho so bhikkhu bhagavato paµissutv± yena te bhikkh³ tenupasaŖkami; upasaŖkamitv± te bhikkh³ etadavoca– “satth± ±yasmante ±mantet²”ti. “Evam±vuso”ti kho te bhikkh³ tassa bhikkhuno paµissutv± yena bhagav± tenupasaŖkami½su; upasaŖkamitv± bhagavanta½ abhiv±detv± ekamanta½ nis²di½su. Ekamanta½ nisinne kho te bhikkh³ bhagav± etadavoca– “sacca½ kira tumhe, bhikkhave, bhaŗ¹anaj±t± kalahaj±t± viv±d±pann± ańńamańńa½ mukhasatt²hi vitudant± viharatha, te na ceva ańńamańńa½ sańń±petha, na ca sańńatti½ upetha, na ca ańńamańńa½ nijjh±petha, na ca nijjhatti½ upeth±”ti? “Eva½, bhante”. “Ta½ ki½ mańńatha, bhikkhave, yasmi½ tumhe samaye bhaŗ¹anaj±t± kalahaj±t± viv±d±pann± ańńamańńa½ mukhasatt²hi vitudant± viharatha, api nu tumh±ka½ tasmi½ samaye metta½ k±yakamma½ paccupaµµhita½ hoti sabrahmac±r²su ±vi ceva raho ca, metta½ vac²kamma½…pe… metta½ manokamma½ paccupaµµhita½ hoti sabrahmac±r²su ±vi ceva raho c±”ti? “No heta½, bhante”. “Iti kira, bhikkhave, yasmi½ tumhe samaye bhaŗ¹anaj±t± kalahaj±t± viv±d±pann± ańńamańńa½ mukhasatt²hi vitudant± viharatha, neva tumh±ka½ tasmi½ samaye metta½ k±yakamma½ paccupaµµhita½ hoti sabrahmac±r²su ±vi ceva raho ca, na metta½ vac²kamma½…pe… na metta½ manokamma½ paccupaµµhita½ hoti sabrahmac±r²su ±vi ceva raho ca. Atha kińcarahi tumhe, moghapuris±, ki½ j±nant± ki½ passant± bhaŗ¹anaj±t± kalahaj±t± viv±d±pann± ańńamańńa½ mukhasatt²hi vitudant± viharatha, te na ceva ańńamańńa½ sańń±petha, na ca sańńatti½ upetha, na ca ańńamańńa½ nijjh±petha, na ca nijjhatti½ upetha Tańhi tumh±ka½, moghapuris±, bhavissati d²gharatta½ ahit±ya dukkh±y±”ti.
492. Atha kho bhagav± bhikkh³ ±mantesi– “chayime, bhikkhave, dhamm± s±raŗ²y± piyakaraŗ± garukaraŗ± saŖgah±ya aviv±d±ya s±maggiy± ek²bh±v±ya sa½vattanti. Katame cha? Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhuno metta½ k±yakamma½ paccupaµµhita½ hoti sabrahmac±r²su ±vi ceva raho ca. Ayampi dhammo s±raŗ²yo piyakaraŗo garukaraŗo saŖgah±ya aviv±d±ya s±maggiy± ek²bh±v±ya sa½vattati.
“Puna capara½, bhikkhave, bhikkhuno metta½ vac²kamma½ paccupaµµhita½ hoti sabrahmac±r²su ±vi ceva raho ca. Ayampi dhammo s±raŗ²yo piyakaraŗo garukaraŗo saŖgah±ya aviv±d±ya s±maggiy± ekibh±v±ya sa½vattati.
“Puna capara½, bhikkhave, bhikkhuno metta½ manokamma½ paccupaµµhita½ hoti sabrahmac±r²su ±vi ceva raho ca. Ayampi dhammo s±raŗ²yo piyakaraŗo garukaraŗo saŖgah±ya aviv±d±ya s±maggiy± ek²bh±v±ya sa½vattati.
“Puna capara½, bhikkhave, bhikkhu ye te l±bh± dhammik± dhammaladdh± antamaso pattapariy±pannamattampi, tath±r³pehi l±bhehi appaµivibhattabhog² hoti s²lavantehi sabrahmac±r²hi s±dh±raŗabhog². Ayampi dhammo s±raŗ²yo piyakaraŗo garukaraŗo saŖgah±ya aviv±d±ya s±maggiy± ek²bh±v±ya sa½vattati.
“Puna capara½, bhikkhave, bhikkhu y±ni t±ni s²l±ni akhaŗ¹±ni acchidd±ni asabal±ni akamm±s±ni bhujiss±ni vińńuppasatth±ni apar±maµµh±ni sam±dhisa½vattanik±ni tath±r³pesu s²lesu s²las±mańńagato viharati sabrahmac±r²hi ±vi ceva raho ca. Ayampi dhammo s±raŗ²yo piyakaraŗo garukaraŗo saŖgah±ya aviv±d±ya s±maggiy± ek²bh±v±ya sa½vattati.
“Puna capara½, bhikkhave, bhikkhu y±ya½ diµµhi ariy± niyy±nik± niyy±ti takkarassa samm± dukkhakkhay±ya tath±r³p±ya diµµhiy± diµµhis±mańńagato viharati sabrahmac±r²hi ±vi ceva raho ca. Ayampi dhammo s±raŗ²yo piyakaraŗo garukaraŗo saŖgah±ya aviv±d±ya s±maggiy± ek²bh±v±ya sa½vattati.
“Ime kho, bhikkhave, cha s±raŗ²y± dhamm± piyakaraŗ± garukaraŗ± saŖgah±ya aviv±d±ya s±maggiy± ek²bh±v±ya sa½vattanti. Imesa½ kho, bhikkhave, channa½ s±raŗ²y±na½ dhamm±na½ eta½ agga½ eta½ saŖg±hika½ [saŖg±haka½ (?)] Eta½ saŖgh±µanika½– yadida½ y±ya½ diµµhi ariy± niyy±nik± niyy±ti takkarassa samm± dukkhakkhay±ya. Seyyath±pi, bhikkhave, k³µ±g±rassa eta½ agga½ eta½ saŖg±hika½ eta½ saŖgh±µanika½ yadida½ k³µa½; evameva kho, bhikkhave imesa½ channa½ s±raŗ²y±na½ dhamm±na½ eta½ agga½ eta½ saŖg±hika½ eta½ saŖgh±µanika½ yadida½ y±ya½ diµµhi ariy± niyy±nik± niyy±ti takkarassa samm± dukkhakkhay±ya.
493. “Kathańca, bhikkhave, y±ya½ diµµhi ariy± niyy±nik± niyy±ti takkarassa samm± dukkhakkhay±ya? Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu arańńagato v± rukkham³lagato v± suńń±g±ragato v± iti paµisańcikkhati– ‘atthi nu kho me ta½ pariyuµµh±na½ ajjhatta½ appah²na½, yen±ha½ pariyuµµh±nena pariyuµµhitacitto yath±bh³ta½ nappaj±neyya½ na passeyyan’ti? Sace, bhikkhave, bhikkhu k±mar±gapariyuµµhito hoti, pariyuµµhitacittova hoti. Sace, bhikkhave, bhikkhu by±p±dapariyuµµhito hoti, pariyuµµhitacittova hoti. Sace, bhikkhave, bhikkhu th²namiddhapariyuµµhito hoti, pariyuµµhitacittova hoti. Sace, bhikkhave, bhikkhu uddhaccakukkuccapariyuµµhito hoti, pariyuµµhitacittova hoti. Sace, bhikkhave, bhikkhu vicikicch±pariyuµµhito hoti, pariyuµµhitacittova hoti. Sace, bhikkhave, bhikkhu idhalokacint±ya pasuto hoti, pariyuµµhitacittova hoti. Sace, bhikkhave, bhikkhu paralokacint±ya pasuto hoti, pariyuµµhitacittova hoti. Sace, bhikkhave, bhikkhu bhaŗ¹anaj±to kalahaj±to viv±d±panno ańńamańńa½ mukhasatt²hi vitudanto viharati, pariyuµµhitacittova hoti So eva½ paj±n±ti– ‘natthi kho me ta½ pariyuµµh±na½ ajjhatta½ appah²na½, yen±ha½ pariyuµµh±nena pariyuµµhitacitto yath±bh³ta½ nappaj±neyya½ na passeyya½. Suppaŗihita½ me m±nasa½ sacc±na½ bodh±y±’ti. Idamassa paµhama½ ń±ŗa½ adhigata½ hoti ariya½ lokuttara½ as±dh±raŗa½ puthujjanehi.
494. “Puna capara½, bhikkhave, ariyas±vako iti paµisańcikkhati– ‘ima½ nu kho aha½ diµµhi½ ±sevanto bh±vento bahul²karonto labh±mi paccatta½ samatha½, labh±mi paccatta½ nibbutin’ti? So eva½ paj±n±ti– ‘ima½ kho aha½ diµµhi½ ±sevanto bh±vento bahul²karonto labh±mi paccatta½ samatha½, labh±mi paccatta½ nibbutin’ti. Idamassa dutiya½ ń±ŗa½ adhigata½ hoti ariya½ lokuttara½ as±dh±raŗa½ puthujjanehi.
495. “Puna capara½, bhikkhave, ariyas±vako iti paµisańcikkhati– ‘yath± r³p±y±ha½ diµµhiy± samann±gato, atthi nu kho ito bahiddh± ańńo samaŗo v± br±hmaŗo v± tath±r³p±ya diµµhiy± samann±gato’ti? So eva½ paj±n±ti– ‘yath±r³p±y±ha½ diµµhiy± samann±gato, natthi ito bahiddh± ańńo samaŗo v± br±hmaŗo v± tath±r³p±ya diµµhiy± samann±gato’ti. Idamassa tatiya½ ń±ŗa½ adhigata½ hoti ariya½ lokuttara½ as±dh±raŗa½ puthujjanehi.
496. “Puna capara½, bhikkhave, ariyas±vako iti paµisańcikkhati– ‘yath±r³p±ya dhammat±ya diµµhisampanno puggalo samann±gato, ahampi tath±r³p±ya dhammat±ya samann±gato’ti. Katha½r³p±ya ca, bhikkhave, dhammat±ya diµµhisampanno puggalo samann±gato? Dhammat± es±, bhikkhave, diµµhisampannassa puggalassa– ‘kińc±pi tath±r³pi½ ±patti½ ±pajjati, yath±r³p±ya ±pattiy± vuµµh±na½ pańń±yati, atha kho na½ khippameva satthari v± vińń³su v± sabrahmac±r²su deseti vivarati utt±n²karoti; desetv± vivaritv± utt±n²katv± ±yati½ sa½vara½ ±pajjati’. Seyyath±pi, bhikkhave, daharo kum±ro mando utt±naseyyako hatthena v± p±dena v± aŖg±ra½ akkamitv± khippameva paµisa½harati; evameva kho, bhikkhave, dhammat± es± diµµhisampannassa puggalassa– ‘kińc±pi tath±r³pi½ ±patti½ ±pajjati yath±r³p±ya ±pattiy± vuµµh±na½ pańń±yati, atha kho na½ khippameva satthari v± vińń³su v± sabrahmac±r²su deseti vivarati utt±n²karoti; desetv± vivaritv± utt±n²katv± ±yati½ sa½vara½ ±pajjati’. So eva½ paj±n±ti– ‘yath±r³p±ya dhammat±ya diµµhisampanno puggalo samann±gato, ahampi tath±r³p±ya dhammat±ya samann±gato’ti. Idamassa catuttha½ ń±ŗa½ adhigata½ hoti ariya½ lokuttara½ as±dh±raŗa½ puthujjanehi.
497. “Puna capara½, bhikkhave, ariyas±vako iti paµisańcikkhati– ‘yath±r³p±ya dhammat±ya diµµhisampanno puggalo samann±gato, ahampi tath±r³p±ya dhammat±ya samann±gato’ti. Katha½r³p±ya ca, bhikkhave, dhammat±ya diµµhisampanno puggalo samann±gato? Dhammat± es±, bhikkhave, diµµhisampannassa puggalassa– ‘kińc±pi y±ni t±ni sabrahmac±r²na½ ucc±vac±ni ki½karaŗ²y±ni tattha ussukka½ ±panno hoti, atha khv±ssa tibb±pekkh± hoti adhis²lasikkh±ya adhicittasikkh±ya adhipańń±sikkh±ya’. Seyyath±pi, bhikkhave, g±v² taruŗavacch± thambańca ±lumpati vacchakańca apacinati; evameva kho, bhikkhave dhammat± es± diµµhisampannassa puggalassa– ‘kińc±pi y±ni t±ni sabrahmac±r²na½ ucc±vac±ni ki½karaŗ²y±ni tattha ussukka½ ±panno hoti, atha khv±ssa tibb±pekkh± hoti adhis²lasikkh±ya adhicittasikkh±ya adhipańń±sikkh±ya’. So eva½ paj±n±ti– ‘yath±r³p±ya dhammat±ya diµµhisampanno puggalo samann±gato, ahampi tath±r³p±ya dhammat±ya samann±gato’ti. Idamassa pańcama½ ń±ŗa½ adhigata½ hoti ariya½ lokuttara½ as±dh±raŗa½ puthujjanehi.
498. “Puna capara½, bhikkhave, ariyas±vako iti paµisańcikkhati– ‘yath±r³p±ya balat±ya diµµhisampanno puggalo samann±gato, ahampi tath±r³p±ya balat±ya samann±gato’ti. Katha½r³p±ya ca, bhikkhave, balat±ya diµµhisampanno puggalo samann±gato? Balat± es±, bhikkhave, diµµhisampannassa puggalassa ya½ tath±gatappavedite dhammavinaye desiyam±ne aµµhi½katv± manasikatv± sabbacetas± [sabbacetaso (s². sy±. ka½. p².), sabba½ cetas± (ka.)] samann±haritv± ohitasoto dhamma½ suŗ±ti. So eva½ paj±n±ti– ‘yath±r³p±ya balat±ya diµµhisampanno puggalo samann±gato, ahampi tath±r³p±ya balat±ya samann±gato’ti. Idamassa chaµµha½ ń±ŗa½ adhigata½ hoti ariya½ lokuttara½ as±dh±raŗa½ puthujjanehi.
499. “Puna capara½, bhikkhave, ariyas±vako iti paµisańcikkhati– ‘yath±r³p±ya balat±ya diµµhisampanno puggalo samann±gato, ahampi tath±r³p±ya balat±ya samann±gato’ti. Katha½r³p±ya ca, bhikkhave, balat±ya diµµhisampanno puggalo samann±gato? Balat± es±, bhikkhave, diµµhisampannassa puggalassa ya½ tath±gatappavedite dhammavinaye desiyam±ne labhati atthaveda½, labhati dhammaveda½, labhati dhamm³pasa½hita½ p±mojja½. So eva½ paj±n±ti– ‘yath±r³p±ya balat±ya diµµhisampanno puggalo samann±gato, ahampi tath±r³p±ya balat±ya samann±gato’ti. Idamassa sattama½ ń±ŗa½ adhigata½ hoti ariya½ lokuttara½ as±dh±raŗa½ puthujjanehi.
500. “Eva½ sattaŖgasamann±gatassa kho, bhikkhave, ariyas±vakassa dhammat± susamanniµµh± hoti sot±pattiphalasacchikiriy±ya. Eva½ sattaŖgasamann±gato kho, bhikkhave, ariyas±vako sot±pattiphalasamann±gato hot²”ti.
Idamavoca bhagav±. Attaman± te bhikkh³ bhagavato bh±sita½ abhinandunti.

Kosambiyasutta½ niµµhita½ aµµhama½.