6. Mah±dhammasam±d±nasutta½

473. Eva½ me suta½– eka½ samaya½ bhagav± s±vatthiya½ viharati jetavane an±thapiŗ¹ikassa ±r±me. Tatra kho bhagav± bhikkh³ ±mantesi– “bhikkhavo”ti. “Bhadante”ti te bhikkh³ bhagavato paccassosu½. Bhagav± etadavoca– “yebhuyyena, bhikkhave, satt± eva½k±m± eva½chand± eva½adhipp±y±– ‘aho vata aniµµh± akant± aman±p± dhamm± parih±yeyyu½, iµµh± kant± man±p± dhamm± abhiva¹¹heyyun’ti. Tesa½, bhikkhave, satt±na½ eva½k±m±na½ eva½chand±na½ eva½adhipp±y±na½ aniµµh± akant± aman±p± dhamm± abhiva¹¹hanti, iµµh± kant± man±p± dhamm± parih±yanti. Tatra tumhe, bhikkhave, ka½ hetu½ pacceth±”ti? “Bhagava½m³lak± no, bhante, dhamm±, bhagava½nettik±, bhagava½paµisaraŗ±. S±dhu vata, bhante, bhagavantańńeva paµibh±tu etassa bh±sitassa attho; bhagavato sutv± bhikkh³ dh±ressant²”ti. “Tena hi, bhikkhave, suŗ±tha, s±dhuka½ manasi karotha, bh±siss±m²”ti. “Eva½, bhante”ti kho te bhikkh³ bhagavato paccassosu½. Bhagav± etadavoca–
474. “Idha, bhikkhave, assutav± puthujjano, ariy±na½ adass±v² ariyadhammassa akovido ariyadhamme avin²to, sappuris±na½ adass±v² sappurisadhammassa akovido sappurisadhamme avin²to, sevitabbe dhamme na j±n±ti asevitabbe dhamme na j±n±ti, bhajitabbe dhamme na j±n±ti abhajitabbe dhamme na j±n±ti. So sevitabbe dhamme aj±nanto asevitabbe dhamme aj±nanto, bhajitabbe dhamme aj±nanto abhajitabbe dhamme aj±nanto, asevitabbe dhamme sevati sevitabbe dhamme na sevati, abhajitabbe dhamme bhajati bhajitabbe dhamme na bhajati. Tassa asevitabbe dhamme sevato sevitabbe dhamme asevato, abhajitabbe dhamme bhajato bhajitabbe dhamme abhajato aniµµh± akant± aman±p± dhamm± abhiva¹¹hanti, iµµh± kant± man±p± dhamm± parih±yanti. Ta½ kissa hetu? Evańheta½, bhikkhave, hoti yath± ta½ aviddasuno.
“Sutav± ca kho, bhikkhave, ariyas±vako, ariy±na½ dass±v² ariyadhammassa kovido ariyadhamme suvin²to, sappuris±na½ dass±v² sappurisadhammassa kovido sappurisadhamme suvin²to, sevitabbe dhamme j±n±ti asevitabbe dhamme j±n±ti, bhajitabbe dhamme j±n±ti abhajitabbe dhamme j±n±ti. So sevitabbe dhamme j±nanto asevitabbe dhamme j±nanto, bhajitabbe dhamme j±nanto abhajitabbe dhamme j±nanto, asevitabbe dhamme na sevati sevitabbe dhamme sevati, abhajitabbe dhamme na bhajati bhajitabbe dhamme bhajati. Tassa asevitabbe dhamme asevato sevitabbe dhamme sevato, abhajitabbe dhamme abhajato bhajitabbe dhamme bhajato, aniµµh± akant± aman±p± dhamm± parih±yanti, iµµh± kant± man±p± dhamm± abhiva¹¹hanti. Ta½ kissa hetu? Evańheta½, bhikkhave, hoti yath± ta½ viddasuno.
475. “Catt±rim±ni, bhikkhave, dhammasam±d±n±ni. Katam±ni catt±ri? Atthi, bhikkhave, dhammasam±d±na½ paccuppannadukkhańceva ±yatińca dukkhavip±ka½; atthi, bhikkhave, dhammasam±d±na½ paccuppannasukha½ ±yati½ dukkhavip±ka½; atthi, bhikkhave, dhammasam±d±na½ paccuppannadukkha½ ±yati½ sukhavip±ka½; atthi, bhikkhave, dhammasam±d±na½ paccuppannasukhańceva ±yatińca sukhavip±ka½.
476. “Tatra, bhikkhave, yamida½ [yadida½ (s².)] dhammasam±d±na½ paccuppannadukkhańceva ±yatińca dukkhavip±ka½, ta½ avidv± avijj±gato yath±bh³ta½ nappaj±n±ti– ‘ida½ kho dhammasam±d±na½ paccuppannadukkhańceva ±yatińca dukkhavip±kan’ti. Ta½ avidv± avijj±gato yath±bh³ta½ appaj±nanto ta½ sevati, ta½ na parivajjeti. Tassa ta½ sevato, ta½ aparivajjayato, aniµµh± akant± aman±p± dhamm± abhiva¹¹hanti, iµµh± kant± man±p± dhamm± parih±yanti. Ta½ kissa hetu? Evańheta½, bhikkhave, hoti yath± ta½ aviddasuno.
“Tatra, bhikkhave, yamida½ dhammasam±d±na½ paccuppannasukha½ ±yati½ dukkhavip±ka½ ta½ avidv± avijj±gato yath±bh³ta½ nappaj±n±ti– ‘ida½ kho dhammasam±d±na½ paccuppannasukha½ ±yati½ dukkhavip±kan’ti. Ta½ avidv± avijj±gato yath±bh³ta½ appaj±nanto ta½ sevati, ta½ na parivajjeti. Tassa ta½ sevato, ta½ aparivajjayato, aniµµh± akant± aman±p± dhamm± abhiva¹¹hanti, iµµh± kant± man±p± dhamm± parih±yanti. Ta½ kissa hetu? Evańheta½, bhikkhave, hoti yath± ta½ aviddasuno.
“Tatra bhikkhave, yamida½ dhammasam±d±na½ paccuppannadukkha½ ±yati½ sukhavip±ka½, ta½ avidv± avijj±gato yath±bh³ta½ nappaj±n±ti– ‘ida½ kho dhammasam±d±na½ paccuppannadukkha½ ±yati½ sukhavip±kan’ti. Ta½ avidv± avijj±gato yath±bh³ta½ appaj±nanto ta½ na sevati, ta½ parivajjeti. Tassa ta½ asevato, ta½ parivajjayato, aniµµh± akant± aman±p± dhamm± abhiva¹¹hanti, iµµh± kant± man±p± dhamm± parih±yanti. Ta½ kissa hetu? Evańheta½, bhikkhave, hoti yath± ta½ aviddasuno.
“Tatra, bhikkhave, yamida½ dhammasam±d±na½ paccuppannasukhańceva ±yatińca sukhavip±ka½, ta½ avidv± avijj±gato yath±bh³ta½ nappaj±n±ti– ‘ida½ kho dhammasam±d±na½ paccuppannasukhańceva ±yatińca sukhavip±kan’ti. Ta½ avidv± avijj±gato yath±bh³ta½ appaj±nanto ta½ na sevati, ta½ parivajjeti. Tassa ta½ asevato, ta½ parivajjayato, aniµµh± akant± aman±p± dhamm± abhiva¹¹hanti, iµµh± kant± man±p± dhamm± parih±yanti. Ta½ kissa hetu? Evańheta½, bhikkhave, hoti yath± ta½ aviddasuno.
477. “Tatra, bhikkhave, yamida½ dhammasam±d±na½ paccuppannadukkhańceva ±yatińca dukkhavip±ka½ ta½ vidv± vijj±gato yath±bh³ta½ paj±n±ti– ‘ida½ kho dhammasam±d±na½ paccuppannadukkhańceva ±yatińca dukkhavip±kan’ti. Ta½ vidv± vijj±gato yath±bh³ta½ paj±nanto ta½ na sevati, ta½ parivajjeti. Tassa ta½ asevato, ta½ parivajjayato, aniµµh± akant± aman±p± dhamm± parih±yanti, iµµh± kant± man±p± dhamm± abhiva¹¹hanti. Ta½ kissa hetu? Evańheta½, bhikkhave, hoti yath± ta½ viddasuno.
“Tatra, bhikkhave, yamida½ dhammasam±d±na½ paccuppannasukha½ ±yati½ dukkhavip±ka½ ta½ vidv± vijj±gato yath±bh³ta½ paj±n±ti– ‘ida½ kho dhammasam±d±na½ paccuppannasukha½ ±yati½ dukkhavip±kan’ti. Ta½ vidv± vijj±gato yath±bh³ta½ paj±nanto ta½ na sevati, ta½ parivajjeti. Tassa ta½ asevato, ta½ parivajjayato aniµµh± akant± aman±p± dhamm± parih±yanti, iµµh± kant± man±p± dhamm± abhiva¹¹hanti. Ta½ kissa hetu? Evańheta½, bhikkhave, hoti yath± ta½ viddasuno.
“Tatra bhikkhave, yamida½ dhammasam±d±na½ paccuppannadukkha½ ±yati½ sukhavip±ka½ ta½ vidv± vijj±gato yath±bh³ta½ paj±n±ti– ‘ida½ kho dhammasam±d±na½ paccuppannadukkha½ ±yati½ sukhavip±kan’ti. Ta½ vidv± vijj±gato yath±bh³ta½ paj±nanto ta½ sevati, ta½ na parivajjeti. Tassa ta½ sevato, ta½ aparivajjayato, aniµµh± akant± aman±p± dhamm± parih±yanti, iµµh± kant± man±p± dhamm± abhiva¹¹hanti. Ta½ kissa hetu? Evańheta½, bhikkhave, hoti yath± ta½ viddasuno.
“Tatra, bhikkhave, yamida½ dhammasam±d±na½ paccuppannasukhańceva ±yatińca sukhavip±ka½ ta½ vidv± vijj±gato yath±bh³ta½ paj±n±ti– ‘ida½ kho dhammasam±d±na½ paccuppannasukhańceva ±yatińca sukhavip±kan’ti. Ta½ vidv± vijj±gato yath±bh³ta½ paj±nanto ta½ sevati, ta½ na parivajjeti. Tassa ta½ sevato, ta½ aparivajjayato, aniµµh± akant± aman±p± dhamm± parih±yanti, iµµh± kant± man±p± dhamm± abhiva¹¹hanti. Ta½ kissa hetu? Evańheta½, bhikkhave, hoti yath± ta½ viddasuno.
478. “Katamańca bhikkhave, dhammasam±d±na½ paccuppannadukkhańceva ±yatińca dukkhavip±ka½? Idha, bhikkhave, ekacco sah±pi dukkhena sah±pi domanassena p±ŗ±tip±t² hoti, p±ŗ±tip±tapaccay± ca dukkha½ domanassa½ paµisa½vedeti; sah±pi dukkhena sah±pi domanassena adinn±d±y² hoti, adinn±d±napaccay± ca dukkha½ domanassa½ paµisa½vedeti; sah±pi dukkhena sah±pi domanassena k±mesu micch±c±r² hoti, k±mesu micch±c±rapaccay± ca dukkha½ domanassa½ paµisa½vedeti; sah±pi dukkhena sah±pi domanassena mus±v±d² hoti, mus±v±dapaccay± ca dukkha½ domanassa½ paµisa½vedeti; sah±pi dukkhena sah±pi domanassena pisuŗav±co hoti, pisuŗav±c±paccay± ca dukkha½ domanassa½ paµisa½vedeti; sah±pi dukkhena sah±pi domanassena pharusav±co hoti, pharusav±c±paccay± ca dukkha½ domanassa½ paµisa½vedeti; sah±pi dukkhena sah±pi domanassena samphappal±p² hoti, samphappal±papaccay± ca dukkha½ domanassa½ paµisa½vedeti; sah±pi dukkhena sah±pi domanassena abhijjh±lu hoti, abhijjh±paccay± ca dukkha½ domanassa½ paµisa½vedeti; sah±pi dukkhena sah±pi domanassena by±pannacitto hoti, by±p±dapaccay± ca dukkha½ domanassa½ paµisa½vedeti; sah±pi dukkhena sah±pi domanassena micch±diµµhi hoti, micch±diµµhipaccay± ca dukkha½ domanassa½ paµisa½vedeti. So k±yassa bhed± para½ maraŗ± ap±ya½ duggati½ vinip±ta½ niraya½ upapajjati. Ida½ vuccati, bhikkhave, dhammasam±d±na½ paccuppannadukkhańceva ±yatińca dukkhavip±ka½.
479. “Katamańca, bhikkhave, dhammasam±d±na½ paccuppannasukha½ ±yati½ dukkhavip±ka½? Idha, bhikkhave, ekacco sah±pi sukhena sah±pi somanassena p±ŗ±tip±t² hoti, p±ŗ±tip±tapaccay± ca sukha½ somanassa½ paµisa½vedeti; sah±pi sukhena sah±pi somanassena adinn±d±y² hoti, adinn±d±napaccay± ca sukha½ somanassa½ paµisa½vedeti; sah±pi sukhena sah±pi somanassena k±mesumicch±c±r² hoti, k±mesumicch±c±rapaccay± ca sukha½ somanassa½ paµisa½vedeti; sah±pi sukhena sah±pi somanassena mus±v±d² hoti, mus±v±dapaccay± ca sukha½ somanassa½ paµisa½vedeti; sah±pi sukhena sah±pi somanassena pisuŗav±co hoti, pisuŗav±c±paccay± ca sukha½ somanassa½ paµisa½vedeti; sah±pi sukhena sah±pi somanassena pharusav±co hoti, pharusav±c±paccay± ca sukha½ somanassa½ paµisa½vedeti; sah±pi sukhena sah±pi somanassena samphappal±p² hoti, samphappal±papaccay± ca sukha½ somanassa½ paµisa½vedeti; sah±pi sukhena sah±pi somanassena abhijjh±lu hoti, abhijjh±paccay± ca sukha½ somanassa½ paµisa½vedeti; sah±pi sukhena sah±pi somanassena by±pannacitto hoti, by±p±dapaccay± ca sukha½ somanassa½ paµisa½vedeti; sah±pi sukhena sah±pi somanassena micch±diµµhi hoti, micch±diµµhipaccay± ca sukha½ somanassa½ paµisa½vedeti. So k±yassa bhed± para½ maraŗ± ap±ya½ duggati½ vinip±ta½ niraya½ upapajjati. Ida½ vuccati, bhikkhave, dhammasam±d±na½ paccuppannasukha½ ±yati½ dukkhavip±ka½.
480. “Katamańca, bhikkhave, dhammasam±d±na½ paccuppannadukkha½ ±yati½ sukhavip±ka½? Idha, bhikkhave, ekacco sah±pi dukkhena sah±pi domanassena p±ŗ±tip±t± paµivirato hoti, p±ŗ±tip±t± veramaŗ²paccay± ca dukkha½ domanassa½ paµisa½vedeti sah±pi dukkhena sah±pi domanassena adinn±d±n± paµivirato hoti, adinn±d±n± veramaŗ²paccay± ca dukkha½ domanassa½ paµisa½vedeti; sah±pi dukkhena sah±pi domanassena k±mesumicch±c±r± paµivirato hoti, k±mesumicch±c±r± veramaŗ²paccay± ca dukkha½ domanassa½ paµisa½vedeti; sah±pi dukkhena sah±pi domanassena mus±v±d± paµivirato hoti, mus±v±d± veramaŗ²paccay± ca dukkha½ domanassa½ paµisa½vedeti; sah±pi dukkhena sah±pi domanassena pisuŗ±ya v±c±ya paµivirato hoti pisuŗ±ya v±c±ya veramaŗ²paccay± ca dukkha½ domanassa½ paµisa½vedeti sah±pi dukkhena sah±pi domanassena pharus±ya v±c±ya paµivirato hoti, pharus±ya v±c±ya veramaŗ²paccay± ca dukkha½ domanassa½ paµisa½vedeti; sah±pi dukkhena sah±pi domanassena samphappal±p± paµivirato hoti, samphappal±p± veramaŗ²paccay± ca dukkha½ domanassa½ paµisa½vedeti; sah±pi dukkhena sah±pi domanassena anabhijjh±lu hoti, anabhijjh±paccay± ca dukkha½ domanassa½ paµisa½vedeti; sah±pi dukkhena sah±pi domanassena aby±pannacitto hoti, aby±p±dapaccay± ca dukkha½ domanassa½ paµisa½vedeti; sah±pi dukkhena sah±pi domanassena samm±diµµhi hoti, samm±diµµhipaccay± ca dukkha½ domanassa½ paµisa½vedeti. So k±yassa bhed± para½ maraŗ± sugati½ sagga½ loka½ upapajjati. Ida½ vuccati, bhikkhave, dhammasam±d±na½ paccuppannadukkha½ ±yati½ sukhavip±ka½.
481. “Katamańca, bhikkhave, dhammasam±d±na½ paccuppannasukhańceva ±yatińca sukhavip±ka½? Idha, bhikkhave, ekacco sah±pi sukhena sah±pi somanassena p±ŗ±tip±t± paµivirato hoti, p±ŗ±tip±t± veramaŗ²paccay± ca sukha½ somanassa½ paµisa½vedeti; sah±pi sukhena sah±pi somanassena adinn±d±n± paµivirato hoti, adinn±d±n± veramaŗ²paccay± ca sukha½ somanassa½ paµisa½vedeti; sah±pi sukhena sah±pi somanassena k±mesumicch±c±r± paµivirato hoti, k±mesumicch±c±r± veramaŗ²paccay± ca sukha½ somanassa½ paµisa½vedeti; sah±pi sukhena sah±pi somanassena mus±v±d± paµivirato hoti, mus±v±d± veramaŗ²paccay± ca sukha½ somanassa½ paµisa½vedeti; sah±pi sukhena sah±pi somanassena pisuŗ±ya v±c±ya paµivirato hoti, pisuŗ±ya v±c±ya veramaŗ²paccay± ca sukha½ somanassa½ paµisa½vedeti; sah±pi sukhena sah±pi somanassena pharus±ya v±c±ya paµivirato hoti, pharus±ya v±c±ya veramaŗ²paccay± ca sukha½ somanassa½ paµisa½vedeti; sah±pi sukhena sah±pi somanassena samphappal±p± paµivirato hoti, samphappal±p± veramaŗ²paccay± ca sukha½ somanassa½ paµisa½vedeti; sah±pi sukhena sah±pi somanassena anabhijjh±lu hoti, anabhijjh±paccay± ca sukha½ somanassa½ paµisa½vedeti; sah±pi sukhena sah±pi somanassena aby±pannacitto hoti, aby±p±dapaccay± ca sukha½ somanassa½ paµisa½vedeti; sah±pi sukhena sah±pi somanassena samm±diµµhi hoti, samm±diµµhipaccay± ca sukha½ somanassa½ paµisa½vedeti. So k±yassa bhed± para½ maraŗ± sugati½ sagga½ loka½ upapajjati. Ida½, vuccati, bhikkhave, dhammasam±d±na½ paccuppannasukhańceva ±yatińca sukhavip±ka½. Im±ni kho, bhikkhave, catt±ri dhammasam±d±n±ni.
482. “Seyyath±pi, bhikkhave, tittak±l±bu visena sa½saµµho. Atha puriso ±gaccheyya j²vituk±mo amarituk±mo sukhak±mo dukkhappaµik³lo. Tamena½ eva½ vadeyyu½– ‘ambho purisa, aya½ tittak±l±bu visena sa½saµµho, sace ±kaŖkhasi piva [pipa (s². p².)]. Tassa te pivato [pipato (s². p².)] ceva nacch±dessati vaŗŗenapi gandhenapi rasenapi, pivitv± [p²tv± (s².)] ca pana maraŗa½ v± nigacchasi maraŗamatta½ v± dukkhan’ti. So ta½ appaµisaŖkh±ya piveyya, nappaµinissajjeyya. Tassa ta½ pivato ceva nacch±deyya vaŗŗenapi gandhenapi rasenapi, pivitv± ca pana maraŗa½ v± nigaccheyya maraŗamatta½ v± dukkha½. Tath³pam±ha½, bhikkhave, ima½ dhammasam±d±na½ vad±mi, yamida½ dhammasam±d±na½ paccuppannadukkhańceva ±yatińca dukkhavip±ka½.
483. “Seyyath±pi, bhikkhave, ±p±n²yaka½so vaŗŗasampanno gandhasampanno rasasampanno. So ca kho visena sa½saµµho. Atha puriso ±gaccheyya j²vituk±mo amarituk±mo sukhak±mo dukkhappaµik³lo. Tamena½ eva½ vadeyyu½– ‘ambho purisa, aya½ ±p±n²yaka½so vaŗŗasampanno gandhasampanno rasasampanno. So ca kho visena sa½saµµho, sace ±kaŖkhasi piva. Tassa te pivatohi [pivatopi (ka.)] kho ch±dessati vaŗŗenapi gandhenapi rasenapi, pivitv± ca pana maraŗa½ v± nigacchasi maraŗamatta½ v± dukkhan’ti. So ta½ appaµisaŖkh±ya piveyya, nappaµinissajjeyya. Tassa ta½ pivatohi kho ch±deyya vaŗŗenapi gandhenapi rasenapi, pivitv± ca pana maraŗa½ v± nigaccheyya maraŗamatta½ v± dukkha½. Tath³pam±ha½, bhikkhave, ima½ dhammasam±d±na½ vad±mi, yamida½ dhammasam±d±na½ paccuppannasukha½ ±yati½ dukkhavip±ka½.
484. “Seyyath±pi, bhikkhave, p³timutta½ n±n±bhesajjehi sa½saµµha½. Atha puriso ±gaccheyya paŗ¹ukarog². Tamena½ eva½ vadeyyu½– ‘ambho purisa, ida½ p³timutta½ n±n±bhesajjehi sa½saµµha½, sace ±kaŖkhasi piva. Tassa te pivatohi kho nacch±dessati vaŗŗenapi gandhenapi rasenapi, pivitv± ca pana sukh² bhavissas²’ti. So ta½ paµisaŖkh±ya piveyya, nappaµinissajjeyya. Tassa ta½ pivatohi kho nacch±deyya vaŗŗenapi gandhenapi rasenapi, pivitv± ca pana sukh² assa. Tath³pam±ha½, bhikkhave, ima½ dhammasam±d±na½ vad±mi, yamida½ dhammasam±d±na½ paccuppannadukkha½ ±yati½ sukhavip±ka½.
485. “Seyyath±pi, bhikkhave, dadhi ca madhu ca sappi ca ph±ŗitańca ekajjha½ sa½saµµha½. Atha puriso ±gaccheyya lohitapakkhandiko. Tamena½ eva½ vadeyyu½– ‘ambho purisa, ida½ dadhi½ ca madhu½ ca sappi½ ca ph±ŗitańca ekajjha½ sa½saµµha½, sace ±kaŖkhasi piva. Tassa te pivato ceva ch±dessati vaŗŗenapi gandhenapi rasenapi, pivitv± ca pana sukh² bhavissas²’ti. So ta½ paµisaŖkh±ya piveyya, nappaµinissajjeyya. Tassa ta½ pivato ceva ch±deyya vaŗŗenapi gandhenapi rasenapi, pivitv± ca pana sukh² assa. Tath³pam±ha½, bhikkhave, ima½ dhammasam±d±na½ vad±mi, yamida½ dhammasam±d±na½ paccuppannasukhańceva ±yatińca sukhavip±ka½.
486. “Seyyath±pi, bhikkhave, vass±na½ pacchime m±se saradasamaye viddhe vigataval±hake deve ±dicco nabha½ abbhussakkam±no sabba½ ±k±sagata½ tamagata½ abhivihacca bh±sate ca tapate ca virocate ca; evameva kho, bhikkhave, yamida½ dhammasam±d±na½ paccuppannasukhańceva ±yatińca sukhavip±ka½ tadańńe puthusamaŗabr±hmaŗaparappav±de abhivihacca bh±sate ca tapate ca virocate c±”ti.
Idamavoca bhagav±. Attaman± te bhikkh³ bhagavato bh±sita½ abhinandunti.

Mah±dhammasam±d±nasutta½ niµµhita½ chaµµha½.