3. Mah±vedallasutta½

449. Eva½ me suta½– eka½ samaya½ bhagav± s±vatthiya½ viharati jetavane an±thapiº¹ikassa ±r±me. Atha kho ±yasm± mah±koµµhiko s±yanhasamaya½ paµisall±n± vuµµhito yen±yasm± s±riputto tenupasaªkami; upasaªkamitv± ±yasmat± s±riputtena saddhi½ sammodi. Sammodan²ya½ katha½ s±raº²ya½ v²tis±retv± ekamanta½ nis²di. Ekamanta½ nisinno kho ±yasm± mah±koµµhiko ±yasmanta½ s±riputta½ etadavoca
“‘Duppañño duppañño’ti, ±vuso, vuccati. Kitt±vat± nu kho, ±vuso, duppaññoti vuccat²”ti?
“‘Nappaj±n±ti nappaj±n±t²’ti kho, ±vuso, tasm± duppaññoti vuccati.
“Kiñca nappaj±n±ti? ‘Ida½ dukkhan’ti nappaj±n±ti, ‘aya½ dukkhasamudayo’ti nappaj±n±ti, ‘aya½ dukkhanirodho’ti nappaj±n±ti, ‘aya½ dukkhanirodhag±min² paµipad±’ti nappaj±n±ti. ‘Nappaj±n±ti nappaj±n±t²’ti kho, ±vuso, tasm± duppaññoti vuccat²”ti.
“‘S±dh±vuso’ti kho ±yasm± mah±koµµhiko ±yasmato s±riputtassa bh±sita½ abhinanditv± anumoditv± ±yasmanta½ s±riputta½ uttari½ pañha½ apucchi–
“‘Paññav± paññav±’ti, ±vuso, vuccati. Kitt±vat± nu kho, ±vuso, paññav±ti vuccat²”ti?
“‘Paj±n±ti paj±n±t²’ti kho, ±vuso, tasm± paññav±ti vuccati.
“Kiñca paj±n±ti? ‘Ida½ dukkhan’ti paj±n±ti, ‘aya½ dukkhasamudayo’ti paj±n±ti, ‘aya½ dukkhanirodho’ti paj±n±ti, ‘aya½ dukkhanirodhag±min² paµipad±’ti paj±n±ti. ‘Paj±n±ti paj±n±t²’ti kho, ±vuso, tasm± paññav±ti vuccat²”ti.
“‘Viññ±ºa½ viññ±ºan’ti, ±vuso, vuccati. Kitt±vat± nu kho, ±vuso, viññ±ºanti vuccat²”ti?
“‘Vij±n±ti vij±n±t²’ti kho, ±vuso, tasm± viññ±ºanti vuccati.
“Kiñca vij±n±ti? Sukhantipi vij±n±ti, dukkhantipi vij±n±ti, adukkhamasukhantipi vij±n±ti. ‘Vij±n±ti vij±n±t²’ti kho, ±vuso, tasm± viññ±ºanti vuccat²”ti.
“Y± c±vuso, paññ± yañca viññ±ºa½– ime dhamm± sa½saµµh± ud±hu visa½saµµh±? Labbh± ca panimesa½ dhamm±na½ vinibbhujitv± [vinibbhujjitv± vinibbhujjitv± (ka.)] vinibbhujitv± n±n±karaºa½ paññ±petun”ti? “Y± c±vuso, paññ± yañca viññ±ºa½– ime dhamm± sa½saµµh±, no visa½saµµh±. Na ca labbh± imesa½ dhamm±na½ vinibbhujitv± vinibbhujitv± n±n±karaºa½ paññ±petu½. Ya½ h±vuso [yañc±vuso (sy±. ka½. ka.)], paj±n±ti ta½ vij±n±ti, ya½ vij±n±ti ta½ paj±n±ti. Tasm± ime dhamm± sa½saµµh±, no visa½saµµh±. Na ca labbh± imesa½ dhamm±na½ vinibbhujitv± vinibbhujitv± n±n±karaºa½ paññ±petun”ti.
“Y± c±vuso, paññ± yañca viññ±ºa½– imesa½ dhamm±na½ sa½saµµh±na½ no visa½saµµh±na½ ki½ n±n±karaºan”ti? “Y± c±vuso, paññ± yañca viññ±ºa½– imesa½ dhamm±na½ sa½saµµh±na½ no visa½saµµh±na½ paññ± bh±vetabb±, viññ±ºa½ pariññeyya½. Ida½ nesa½ n±n±karaºan”ti.
450. “‘Vedan± vedan±’ti, ±vuso, vuccati. Kitt±vat± nu kho, ±vuso vedan±ti vuccat²”ti?
“‘Vedeti vedet²’ti kho, ±vuso, tasm± vedan±ti vuccati.
“Kiñca vedeti? Sukhampi vedeti, dukkhampi vedeti, adukkhamasukhampi vedeti. ‘Vedeti vedet²’ti kho, ±vuso, tasm± vedan±ti vuccat²”ti.
“‘Saññ± saññ±’ti, ±vuso, vuccati. Kitt±vat± nu kho, ±vuso, saññ±ti vuccat²”ti?
“‘Sañj±n±ti sañj±n±t²’ti kho, ±vuso, tasm± saññ±ti vuccati.
“Kiñca sañj±n±ti? N²lakampi sañj±n±ti, p²takampi sañj±n±ti, lohitakampi sañj±n±ti, od±tampi sañj±n±ti. ‘Sañj±n±ti sañj±n±t²’ti kho, ±vuso, tasm± saññ±ti vuccat²”ti.
“Y± c±vuso, vedan± y± ca saññ± yañca viññ±ºa½– ime dhamm± sa½saµµh± ud±hu visa½saµµh±? Labbh± ca panimesa½ dhamm±na½ vinibbhujitv± vinibbhujitv± n±n±karaºa½ paññ±petun”ti? “Y± c±vuso, vedan± y± ca saññ± yañca viññ±ºa½– ime dhamm± sa½saµµh±, no visa½saµµh±. Na ca labbh± imesa½ dhamm±na½ vinibbhujitv± vinibbhujitv± n±n±karaºa½ paññ±petu½. Ya½ h±vuso [yañc±vuso (sy±. ka½. ka.)], vedeti ta½ sañj±n±ti, ya½ sañj±n±ti ta½ vij±n±ti. Tasm± ime dhamm± sa½saµµh± no visa½saµµh±. Na ca labbh± imesa½ dhamm±na½ vinibbhujitv± vinibbhujitv± n±n±karaºa½ paññ±petun”ti.
451. “Nissaµµhena h±vuso [nissaµµhena pan±vuso (?)], Pañcahi indriyehi parisuddhena manoviññ±ºena ki½ neyyan”ti?
“Nissaµµhena ±vuso, pañcahi indriyehi parisuddhena manoviññ±ºena ‘ananto ±k±so’ti ±k±s±nañc±yatana½ neyya½, ‘ananta½ viññ±ºan’ti viññ±ºañc±yatana½ neyya½, ‘natthi kiñc²’ti ±kiñcaññ±yatana½ neyyan”ti.
“Neyya½ pan±vuso, dhamma½ kena paj±n±t²”ti?
“Neyya½ kho, ±vuso, dhamma½ paññ±cakkhun± paj±n±t²”ti.
“Paññ± pan±vuso, kimatthiy±”ti?
“Paññ± kho, ±vuso, abhiññatth± pariññatth± pah±natth±”ti.
452. “Kati pan±vuso, paccay± samm±diµµhiy± upp±d±y±”ti?
“Dve kho, ±vuso, paccay± samm±diµµhiy± upp±d±ya– parato ca ghoso, yoniso ca manasik±ro. Ime kho, ±vuso, dve paccay± samm±diµµhiy± upp±d±y±”ti.
“Katihi pan±vuso, aªgehi anuggahit± samm±diµµhi cetovimuttiphal± ca hoti cetovimuttiphal±nisa½s± ca, paññ±vimuttiphal± ca hoti paññ±vimuttiphal±nisa½s± c±”ti?
“Pañcahi kho, ±vuso, aªgehi anuggahit± samm±diµµhi cetovimuttiphal± ca hoti cetovimuttiphal±nisa½s± ca, paññ±vimuttiphal± ca hoti paññ±vimuttiphal±nisa½s± ca. Idh±vuso, samm±diµµhi s²l±nuggahit± ca hoti, sut±nuggahit± ca hoti, s±kacch±nuggahit± ca hoti, samath±nuggahit± ca hoti, vipassan±nuggahit± ca hoti. Imehi kho, ±vuso, pañcahaªgehi anuggahit± samm±diµµhi cetovimuttiphal± ca hoti cetovimuttiphal±nisa½s± ca, paññ±vimuttiphal± ca hoti paññ±vimuttiphal±nisa½s± c±”ti.
453. “Kati pan±vuso, bhav±”ti?
“Tayome, ±vuso, bhav±– k±mabhavo r³pabhavo, ar³pabhavo”ti.
“Katha½ pan±vuso, ±yati½ punabbhav±bhinibbatti hot²”ti?
“Avijj±n²varaº±na½ kho, ±vuso, satt±na½ taºh±sa½yojan±na½ tatratatr±bhinandan±– eva½ ±yati½ punabbhav±bhinibbatti hot²”ti.
“Katha½ pan±vuso, ±yati½ punabbhav±bhinibbatti na hot²”ti?
“Avijj±vir±g± kho, ±vuso, vijjupp±d± taºh±nirodh±– eva½ ±yati½ punabbhav±bhinibbatti na hot²”ti.
454. “Katama½ pan±vuso, paµhama½ jh±nan”ti?
“Idh±vuso, bhikkhu vivicceva k±mehi vivicca akusalehi dhammehi savitakka½ savic±ra½ vivekaja½ p²tisukha½ paµhama½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharati– ida½ vuccati, ±vuso, paµhama½ jh±nan”ti.
“Paµhama½ pan±vuso, jh±na½ kati-aªgikan”ti?
“Paµhama½ kho, ±vuso, jh±na½ pañcaªgika½. Idh±vuso, paµhama½ jh±na½ sam±pannassa bhikkhuno vitakko ca vattati, vic±ro ca p²ti ca sukhañca cittekaggat± ca. Paµhama½ kho, ±vuso, jh±na½ eva½ pañcaªgikan”ti.
“Paµhama½ pan±vuso, jh±na½ kataªgavippah²na½ kataªgasamann±gatan”ti?
“Paµhama½ kho, ±vuso, jh±na½ pañcaªgavippah²na½, pañcaªgasamann±gata½. Idh±vuso, paµhama½ jh±na½ sam±pannassa bhikkhuno k±macchando pah²no hoti, by±p±do pah²no hoti, th²namiddha½ pah²na½ hoti, uddhaccakukkucca½ pah²na½ hoti, vicikicch± pah²n± hoti; vitakko ca vattati, vic±ro ca p²ti ca sukhañca cittekaggat± ca. Paµhama½ kho, ±vuso, jh±na½ eva½ pañcaªgavippah²na½ pañcaªgasamann±gatan”ti.
455. “Pañcim±ni ±vuso, indriy±ni n±n±visay±ni n±n±gocar±ni, na aññamaññassa gocaravisaya½ paccanubhonti, seyyathida½– cakkhundriya½, sotindriya½, gh±nindriya½, jivhindriya½, k±yindriya½. Imesa½ kho, ±vuso, pañcanna½ indriy±na½ n±n±visay±na½ n±n±gocar±na½, na aññamaññassa gocaravisaya½ paccanubhont±na½, ki½ paµisaraºa½, ko ca nesa½ gocaravisaya½ paccanubhot²”ti?
“Pañcim±ni, ±vuso, indriy±ni n±n±visay±ni n±n±gocar±ni, na aññamaññassa gocaravisaya½ paccanubhonti, seyyathida½– cakkhundriya½, sotindriya½, gh±nindriya½, jivhindriya½, k±yindriya½. Imesa½ kho, ±vuso, pañcanna½ indriy±na½ n±n±visay±na½ n±n±gocar±na½, na aññamaññassa gocaravisaya½ paccanubhont±na½, mano paµisaraºa½, mano ca nesa½ gocaravisaya½ paccanubhot²”ti.
456. “Pañcim±ni, ±vuso, indriy±ni, seyyathida½– cakkhundriya½, sotindriya½, gh±nindriya½, jivhindriya½, k±yindriya½. Im±ni kho, ±vuso, pañcindriy±ni ki½ paµicca tiµµhant²”ti?
“Pañcim±ni, ±vuso, indriy±ni, seyyathida½– cakkhundriya½, sotindriya½, gh±nindriya½, jivhindriya½, k±yindriya½. Im±ni kho, ±vuso, pañcindriy±ni ±yu½ paµicca tiµµhant²”ti.
“¾yu pan±vuso, ki½ paµicca tiµµhat²”ti?
“¾yu usma½ paµicca tiµµhat²”ti.
“Usm± pan±vuso, ki½ paµicca tiµµhat²”ti?
“Usm± ±yu½ paµicca tiµµhat²”ti.
“Id±neva kho maya½, ±vuso, ±yasmato s±riputtassa bh±sita½ eva½ ±j±n±ma– ‘±yu usma½ paµicca tiµµhat²’ti. Id±neva pana maya½, ±vuso, ±yasmato s±riputtassa bh±sita½ eva½ ±j±n±ma– ‘usm± ±yu½ paµicca tiµµhat²’ti.
“Yath± katha½ pan±vuso, imassa bh±sitassa attho daµµhabbo”ti?
“Tena h±vuso, upama½ te kariss±mi; upam±yapidhekacce viññ³ puris± bh±sitassa attha½ ±j±nanti. Seyyath±pi, ±vuso, telappad²passa jh±yato acci½ paµicca ±bh± paññ±yati, ±bha½ paµicca acci paññ±yati; evameva kho, ±vuso, ±yu usma½ paµicca tiµµhati, usm± ±yu½ paµicca tiµµhat²”ti.
457. “Teva nu kho, ±vuso, ±yusaªkh±r±, te vedaniy± dhamm± ud±hu aññe ±yusaªkh±r± aññe vedaniy± dhamm±”ti? “Na kho ±vuso, teva ±yusaªkh±r± te vedaniy± dhamm±. Te ca h±vuso, ±yusaªkh±r± abhavi½su te vedaniy± dhamm±, na yida½ saññ±vedayitanirodha½ sam±pannassa bhikkhuno vuµµh±na½ paññ±yetha. Yasm± ca kho, ±vuso, aññe ±yusaªkh±r± aññe vedaniy± dhamm±, tasm± saññ±vedayitanirodha½ sam±pannassa bhikkhuno vuµµh±na½ paññ±yat²”ti.
“Yad± nu kho, ±vuso, ima½ k±ya½ kati dhamm± jahanti; ath±ya½ k±yo ujjhito avakkhitto seti, yath± kaµµha½ acetanan”ti?
“Yad± kho, ±vuso, ima½ k±ya½ tayo dhamm± jahanti– ±yu usm± ca viññ±ºa½; ath±ya½ k±yo ujjhito avakkhitto seti, yath± kaµµha½ acetanan”ti.
“Yv±ya½, ±vuso, mato k±laªkato, yo c±ya½ bhikkhu saññ±vedayitanirodha½ sam±panno– imesa½ ki½ n±n±karaºan”ti?
“Yv±ya½, ±vuso, mato k±laªkato tassa k±yasaªkh±r± niruddh± paµippassaddh± vac²saªkh±r± niruddh± paµippassaddh±, cittasaªkh±r± niruddh± paµippassaddh±, ±yu parikkh²ºo, usm± v³pasant±, indriy±ni paribhinn±ni. Yo c±ya½ bhikkhu saññ±vedayitanirodha½ sam±panno tassapi k±yasaªkh±r± niruddh± paµippassaddh±, vac²saªkh±r± niruddh± paµippassaddh±, cittasaªkh±r± niruddh± paµippassaddh±, ±yu na parikkh²ºo, usm± av³pasant±, indriy±ni vippasann±ni. Yv±ya½, ±vuso, mato k±laªkato, yo c±ya½ bhikkhu saññ±vedayitanirodha½ sam±panno– ida½ nesa½ n±n±karaºan”ti.
458. “Kati pan±vuso, paccay± adukkhamasukh±ya cetovimuttiy± sam±pattiy±”ti?
“Catt±ro kho, ±vuso, paccay± adukkhamasukh±ya cetovimuttiy± sam±pattiy±. Idh±vuso, bhikkhu sukhassa ca pah±n± dukkhassa ca pah±n± pubbeva somanassadomanass±na½ atthaªgam± adukkhamasukha½ upekkh±satip±risuddhi½ catuttha½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharati. Ime kho, ±vuso, catt±ro paccay± adukkhamasukh±ya cetovimuttiy± sam±pattiy±”ti.
“Kati pan±vuso, paccay± animitt±ya cetovimuttiy± sam±pattiy±”ti?
“Dve kho, ±vuso, paccay± animitt±ya cetovimuttiy± sam±pattiy± sabbanimitt±nañca amanasik±ro, animitt±ya ca dh±tuy± manasik±ro. Ime kho, ±vuso, dve paccay± animitt±ya cetovimuttiy± sam±pattiy±”ti.
“Kati pan±vuso, paccay± animitt±ya cetovimuttiy± µhitiy±”ti?
“Tayo kho, ±vuso, paccay± animitt±ya cetovimuttiy± µhitiy± sabbanimitt±nañca amanasik±ro, animitt±ya ca dh±tuy± manasik±ro, pubbe ca abhisaªkh±ro. Ime kho, ±vuso, tayo paccay± animitt±ya cetovimuttiy± µhitiy±”ti.
“Kati pan±vuso, paccay± animitt±ya cetovimuttiy± vuµµh±n±y±”ti?
“Dve kho, ±vuso, paccay± animitt±ya cetovimuttiy± vuµµh±n±ya– sabbanimitt±nañca manasik±ro, animitt±ya ca dh±tuy± amanasik±ro. Ime kho, ±vuso, dve paccay± animitt±ya cetovimuttiy± vuµµh±n±y±”ti.
459. “Y± c±ya½, ±vuso, appam±º± cetovimutti, y± ca ±kiñcaññ± cetovimutti, y± ca suññat± cetovimutti, y± ca animitt± cetovimutti– ime dhamm± n±n±tth± ceva n±n±byañjan± ca ud±hu ekatth± byañjanameva n±nan”ti?
“Y± c±ya½, ±vuso, appam±º± cetovimutti, y± ca ±kiñcaññ± cetovimutti, y± ca suññat± cetovimutti, y± ca animitt± cetovimutti– atthi kho, ±vuso, pariy±yo ya½ pariy±ya½ ±gamma ime dhamm± n±n±tth± ceva n±n±byañjan± ca; atthi ca kho, ±vuso, pariy±yo ya½ pariy±ya½ ±gamma ime dhamm± ekatth±, byañjanameva n±na½”.
“Katamo c±vuso, pariy±yo ya½ pariy±ya½ ±gamma ime dhamm± n±n±tth± ceva n±n±byañjan± ca”?
“Idh±vuso, bhikkhu mett±sahagatena cetas± eka½ disa½ pharitv± viharati, tath± dutiya½, tath± tatiya½, tath± catuttha½. Iti uddhamadho tiriya½ sabbadhi sabbattat±ya sabb±vanta½ loka½ mett±sahagatena cetas± vipulena mahaggatena appam±ºena averena aby±bajjhena pharitv± viharati. Karuº±sahagatena cetas±…pe… mudit±sahagatena cetas±… upekkh±sahagatena cetas± eka½ disa½ pharitv± viharati, tath± dutiya½, tath± tatiya½, tath± catuttha½. Iti uddhamadho tiriya½ sabbadhi sabbattat±ya sabb±vanta½ loka½ upekkh±sahagatena cetas± vipulena mahaggatena appam±ºena averena aby±bajjhena pharitv± viharati. Aya½ vuccat±vuso, appam±º± cetovimutti”.
“Katam± c±vuso, ±kiñcaññ± cetovimutti”?
“Idh±vuso, bhikkhu sabbaso viññ±ºañc±yatana½ samatikkamma natthi kiñc²ti ±kiñcaññ±yatana½ upasampajja viharati. Aya½ vuccat±vuso, ±kiñcaññ± cetovimutti”.
“Katam± c±vuso, suññat± cetovimutti”?
“Idh±vuso, bhikkhu araññagato v± rukkham³lagato v± suññ±g±ragato v± iti paµisañcikkhati– ‘suññamida½ attena v± attaniyena v±’ti. Aya½ vuccat±vuso, suññat± cetovimutti”.
“Katam± c±vuso, animitt± cetovimutti”?
“Idh±vuso, bhikkhu sabbanimitt±na½ amanasik±r± animitta½ cetosam±dhi½ upasampajja viharati. Aya½ vuccat±vuso, animitt± cetovimutti. Aya½ kho, ±vuso, pariy±yo ya½ pariy±ya½ ±gamma ime dhamm± n±n±tth± ceva n±n±byañjan± ca”.
“Katamo c±vuso, pariy±yo ya½ pariy±ya½ ±gamma ime dhamm± ekatth± byañjanameva n±na½”?
“R±go kho, ±vuso, pam±ºakaraºo, doso pam±ºakaraºo, moho pam±ºakaraºo. Te kh²º±savassa bhikkhuno pah²n± ucchinnam³l± t±l±vatthukat± anabh±va½kat± ±yati½ anupp±dadhamm±. Y±vat± kho, ±vuso, appam±º± cetovimuttiyo, akupp± t±sa½ cetovimutti aggamakkh±yati. S± kho pan±kupp± cetovimutti suññ± r±gena, suññ± dosena, suññ± mohena. R±go kho, ±vuso, kiñcano, doso kiñcano, moho kiñcano. Te kh²º±savassa bhikkhuno pah²n± ucchinnam³l± t±l±vatthukat± anabh±va½kat± ±yati½ anupp±dadhamm±. Y±vat± kho, ±vuso, ±kiñcaññ± cetovimuttiyo, akupp± t±sa½ cetovimutti aggamakkh±yati. S± kho pan±kupp± cetovimutti suññ± r±gena, suññ± dosena suññ± mohena. R±go kho, ±vuso, nimittakaraºo, doso nimittakaraºo, moho nimittakaraºo. Te kh²º±savassa bhikkhuno pah²n± ucchinnam³l± t±l±vatthukat± anabh±va½kat± ±yati½ anupp±dadhamm±. Y±vat± kho, ±vuso, animitt± cetovimuttiyo, akupp± t±sa½ cetovimutti aggamakkh±yati. S± kho pan±kupp± cetovimutti suññ± r±gena, suññ± dosena, suññ± mohena. Aya½ kho, ±vuso, pariy±yo ya½ pariy±ya½ ±gamma ime dhamm± ekatth± byañjanameva n±nan”ti.
Idamavoc±yasm± s±riputto. Attamano ±yasm± mah±koµµhiko ±yasmato s±riputtassa bh±sita½ abhinand²ti.

Mah±vedallasutta½ niµµhita½ tatiya½.