5. C³¼ayamakavaggo

1. S±leyyakasutta½

439. Eva½ me suta½– eka½ samaya½ bhagav± kosalesu c±rika½ caram±no mahat± bhikkhusaªghena saddhi½ yena s±l± n±ma kosal±na½ br±hmaºag±mo tadavasari. Assosu½ kho s±leyyak± br±hmaºagahapatik±– “samaºo khalu, bho, gotamo sakyaputto sakyakul± pabbajito kosalesu c±rika½ caram±no mahat± bhikkhusaªghena saddhi½ s±la½ anuppatto. Ta½ kho pana bhavanta½ gotama½ eva½ kaly±ºo kittisaddo abbhuggato– ‘itipi so bhagav± araha½ samm±sambuddho vijj±caraºasampanno sugato lokavid³ anuttaro purisadammas±rathi satth± devamanuss±na½ buddho bhagav±. So ima½ loka½ sadevaka½ sam±raka½ sabrahmaka½ sassamaºabr±hmaºi½ paja½ sadevamanussa½ saya½ abhiññ± sacchikatv± pavedeti. So dhamma½ deseti ±dikaly±ºa½ majjhekaly±ºa½ pariyos±nakaly±ºa½ s±ttha½ sabyañjana½; kevalaparipuººa½ parisuddha½ brahmacariya½ pak±seti’. S±dhu kho pana tath±r³p±na½ arahata½ dassana½ hot²”ti.
Atha kho s±leyyak± br±hmaºagahapatik± yena bhagav± tenupasaªkami½su; upasaªkamitv± appekacce bhagavanta½ abhiv±detv± ekamanta½ nis²di½su; appekacce bhagavat± saddhi½ sammodi½su, sammodan²ya½ katha½ s±raº²ya½ v²tis±retv± ekamanta½ nis²di½su; appekacce yena bhagav± tenañjali½ paº±metv± ekamanta½ nis²di½su; appekacce bhagavato santike n±magotta½ s±vetv± ekamanta½ nis²di½su; appekacce tuºh²bh³t± ekamanta½ nis²di½su. Ekamanta½ nisinn± kho s±leyyak± br±hmaºagahapatik± bhagavanta½ etadavocu½– “ko nu kho, bho gotama, hetu, ko paccayo, yena midhekacce satt± k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± ap±ya½ duggati½ vinip±ta½ niraya½ upapajjanti Ko pana, bho gotama, hetu, ko paccayo, yena midhekacce satt± k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± sugati½ sagga½ loka½ upapajjant²”ti?
“Adhammacariy±visamacariy±hetu kho, gahapatayo, evamidhekacce satt± k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± ap±ya½ duggati½ vinip±ta½ niraya½ upapajjanti. Dhammacariy±samacariy±hetu kho, gahapatayo, evamidhekacce satt± k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± sugati½ sagga½ loka½ upapajjant²”ti
“Na kho maya½ imassa bhoto gotamassa sa½khittena bh±sitassa, vitth±rena attha½ avibhattassa, vitth±rena attha½ ±j±n±ma. S±dhu no bhava½ gotamo tath± dhamma½ desetu, yath± maya½ imassa bhoto gotamassa sa½khittena bh±sitassa, vitth±rena attha½ avibhattassa, vitth±rena attha½ ±j±neyy±m±”ti. “Tena hi, gahapatayo, suº±tha, s±dhuka½ manasi karotha, bh±siss±m²”ti. “Eva½, bho”ti kho s±leyyak± br±hmaºagahapatik± bhagavato paccassosu½. Bhagav± etadavoca–
440. “Tividha½ kho, gahapatayo, k±yena adhammacariy±visamacariy± hoti, catubbidha½ v±c±ya adhammacariy±visamacariy± hoti, tividha½ manas± adhammacariy±visamacariy± hoti.
“Kathañca, gahapatayo, tividha½ k±yena adhammacariy±visamacariy± hoti? Idha, gahapatayo, ekacco p±º±tip±t² hoti, luddo [luddo d±ruºo (ka.) µ²k± oloketabb±] lohitap±ºi hatappahate niviµµho aday±panno p±ºabh³tesu [sabbap±ºabh³tesu (sy±. ka½. ka.)].
“Adinn±d±y² kho pana hoti. Ya½ ta½ parassa paravitt³pakaraºa½, g±magata½ v± araññagata½ v±, ta½ adinna½ theyyasaªkh±ta½ ±d±t± hoti.
“K±mesumicch±c±r² kho pana hoti. Y± t± m±turakkhit± piturakkhit± m±t±piturakkhit± bh±turakkhit± bhaginirakkhit± ñ±tirakkhit± gottarakkhit± dhammarakkhit± sass±mik± saparidaº¹± antamaso m±l±gu¼aparikkhitt±pi, tath±r³p±su c±ritta½ ±pajjit± hoti. Eva½ kho, gahapatayo, tividha½ k±yena adhammacariy±visamacariy± hoti.
“Kathañca gahapatayo, catubbidha½ v±c±ya adhammacariy±visamacariy± hoti? Idha, gahapatayo, ekacco mus±v±d² hoti. Sabh±gato v± paris±gato v±, ñ±timajjhagato v± p³gamajjhagato v± r±jakulamajjhagato v±, abhin²to sakkhipuµµho– ‘ehambho purisa, ya½ j±n±si ta½ vadeh²’ti so aj±na½ v± ±ha– ‘j±n±m²’ti, j±na½ v± ±ha– ‘na j±n±m²’ti, apassa½ v± ±ha– ‘pass±m²’ti, passa½ v± ±ha– ‘na pass±m²’ti [so ±ha aj±na½ v± aha½ j±n±m²ti j±na½ v± aha½ na j±n±m²ti apassa½ v± aha½ pass±m²ti passa½ v± aha½ na pass±m²ti (ka.)]. Iti attahetu v± parahetu v± ±misakiñcikkhahetu v± sampaj±namus± bh±sit± hoti.
“Pisuºav±co kho pana hoti. Ito sutv± amutra akkh±t± imesa½ bhed±ya, amutra v± sutv± imesa½ akkh±t± am³sa½ bhed±ya. Iti samagg±na½ v± bhett± [bhedak± (ka.), bhedet± (sy±. ka½.), tadaµµhakath±ya½ pana bhett±ti dissati], bhinn±na½ v± anuppad±t±, vagg±r±mo vaggarato vagganand² vaggakaraºi½ v±ca½ bh±sit± hoti.
“Pharusav±co kho pana hoti. Y± s± v±c± aº¹ak± [kaº¹ak± (ka.)] kakkas± parakaµuk± par±bhisajjan² kodhas±mant± asam±dhisa½vattanik± tath±r³pi½ v±ca½ bh±sit± hoti.
“Samphappal±p² kho pana hoti. Ak±lav±d² abh³tav±d² anatthav±d² adhammav±d² avinayav±d². Anidh±navati½ v±ca½ bh±sit± hoti ak±lena anapadesa½ apariyantavati½ anatthasa½hita½. Eva½ kho, gahapatayo, catubbidha½ v±c±ya adhammacariy±visamacariy± hoti.
“Kathañca, gahapatayo, tividha½ manas± adhammacariy±visamacariy± hoti? Idha, gahapatayo, ekacco abhijjh±lu hoti, ya½ ta½ parassa paravitt³pakaraºa½ ta½ abhijjh±t± hoti– ‘aho vata ya½ parassa ta½ mamass±”’ti!
“By±pannacitto kho pana hoti paduµµhamanasaªkappo– ‘ime satt± haññantu v± vajjhantu v± ucchijjantu v± vinassantu v± m± v± ahesu”n’ti [m± v± ahesu½ iti v±ti (s². p². ka.)].
“Micch±diµµhiko kho pana hoti vipar²tadassano– ‘natthi dinna½ natthi yiµµha½ natthi huta½, natthi sukatadukkaµ±na½ kamm±na½ phala½ vip±ko, natthi aya½ loko natthi paro loko, natthi m±t± natthi pit±, natthi satt± opap±tik± natthi loke samaºabr±hmaº± sammaggat± samm±paµipann± ye imañca loka½ parañca loka½ saya½ abhiññ± sacchikatv± pavedent²’ti. Eva½ kho, gahapatayo, tividha½ manas± adhammacariy±visamacariy± hoti.
“Eva½ adhammacariy±visamacariy±hetu kho, gahapatayo, evamidhekacce satt± k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± ap±ya½ duggati½ vinip±ta½ niraya½ upapajjanti.
441. “Tividha½ kho, gahapatayo, k±yena dhammacariy±samacariy± hoti, catubbidha½ v±c±ya dhammacariy±samacariy± hoti, tividha½ manas± dhammacariy±samacariy± hoti.
“Kathañca, gahapatayo, tividha½ k±yena dhammacariy±samacariy± hoti? Idha, gahapatayo, ekacco p±º±tip±ta½ pah±ya p±º±tip±t± paµivirato hoti, nihitadaº¹o nihitasattho lajj² day±panno sabbap±ºabh³tahit±nukamp² viharati.
“Adinn±d±na½ pah±ya adinn±d±n± paµivirato hoti. Ya½ ta½ parassa paravitt³pakaraºa½, g±magata½ v± araññagata½ v±, ta½ n±dinna½ theyyasaªkh±ta½ ±d±t± hoti.
“K±mesumicch±c±ra½ pah±ya k±mesumicch±c±r± paµivirato hoti. Y± t± m±turakkhit± piturakkhit± m±t±piturakkhit± bh±turakkhit± bhaginirakkhit± ñ±tirakkhit± gottarakkhit± dhammarakkhit± sass±mik± saparidaº¹± antamaso m±l±gu¼aparikkhitt±pi, tath±r³p±su na c±ritta½ ±pajjit± hoti. Eva½ kho, gahapatayo, tividha½ k±yena dhammacariy±samacariy± hoti.
“Kathañca, gahapatayo, catubbidha½ v±c±ya dhammacariy±samacariy± hoti? Idha, gahapatayo, ekacco mus±v±da½ pah±ya mus±v±d± paµivirato hoti. Sabh±gato v± paris±gato v±, ñ±timajjhagato v± p³gamajjhagato v± r±jakulamajjhagato v±, abhin²to sakkhipuµµho– ‘ehambho purisa, ya½ j±n±si ta½ vadeh²’ti, so aj±na½ v± ±ha– ‘na j±n±m²’ti, j±na½ v± ±ha– ‘j±n±m²’ti, apassa½ v± ±ha– ‘na pass±m²’ti, passa½ v± ±ha ‘pass±m²’ti. Iti attahetu v± parahetu v± ±misakiñcikkhahetu v± na sampaj±namus± bh±sit± hoti.
“Pisuºa½ v±ca½ pah±ya pisuº±ya v±c±ya paµivirato hoti, ito sutv± na amutra akkh±t± imesa½ bhed±ya, amutra v± sutv± na imesa½ akkh±t± am³sa½ bhed±ya. Iti bhinn±na½ v± sandh±t±, sahit±na½ v± anuppad±t±, samagg±r±mo samaggarato samagganand² samaggakaraºi½ v±ca½ bh±sit± hoti.
“Pharusa½ v±ca½ pah±ya pharus±ya v±c±ya paµivirato hoti. Y± s± v±c± nel± kaººasukh± peman²y± hadayaªgam± por² bahujanakant± bahujanaman±p±– tath±r³pi½ v±ca½ bh±sit± hoti.
“Samphappal±pa½ pah±ya samphappal±p± paµivirato hoti. K±lav±d² bh³tav±d² atthav±d² dhammav±d² vinayav±d² nidh±navati½ v±ca½ bh±sit± hoti k±lena s±padesa½ pariyantavati½ atthasa½hita½. Eva½ kho, gahapatayo, catubbidha½ v±c±ya dhammacariy±samacariy± hoti.
“Kathañca, gahapatayo, tividha½ manas± dhammacariy±samacariy± hoti? Idha, gahapatayo, ekacco anabhijjh±lu hoti, ya½ ta½ parassa paravitt³pakaraºa½ ta½ n±bhijjh±t± hoti– ‘aho vata ya½ parassa ta½ mamass±’ti!
“Aby±pannacitto kho pana hoti appaduµµhamanasaªkappo– ‘ime satt± aver± aby±bajjh± an²gh± sukh² att±na½ pariharant³’ti.
“Samm±diµµhiko kho pana hoti avipar²tadassano– ‘atthi dinna½ atthi yiµµha½ atthi huta½, atthi sukatadukkaµ±na½ kamm±na½ phala½ vip±ko, atthi aya½ loko atthi paro loko, atthi m±t± atthi pit±, atthi satt± opap±tik±, atthi loke samaºabr±hmaº± sammaggat± samm±paµipann± ye imañca loka½ parañca loka½ saya½ abhiññ± sacchikatv± pavedent²’ti. Eva½ kho, gahapatayo, tividha½ manas± dhammacariy±samacariy± hoti.
“Eva½ dhammacariy±samacariy±hetu kho, gahapatayo, evamidhekacce satt± k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± sugati½ sagga½ loka½ upapajjanti.
442. “¾kaªkheyya ce, gahapatayo, dhammac±r² samac±r²– ‘aho vat±ha½ k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± khattiyamah±s±l±na½ sahabyata½ upapajjeyyan’ti; µh±na½ kho paneta½ vijjati, ya½ so k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± khattiyamah±s±l±na½ sahabyata½ upapajjeyya. Ta½ kissa hetu? Tath± hi so dhammac±r² samac±r².
“¾kaªkheyya ce, gahapatayo, dhammac±r² samac±r²– ‘aho vat±ha½ k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± br±hmaºamah±s±l±na½…pe… gahapatimah±s±l±na½ sahabyata½ upapajjeyyan’ti; µh±na½ kho paneta½ vijjati, ya½ so k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± gahapatimah±s±l±na½ sahabyata½ upapajjeyya. Ta½ kissa hetu? Tath± hi so dhammac±r² samac±r².
“¾kaªkheyya ce, gahapatayo, dhammac±r² samac±r²– ‘aho vat±ha½ k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± c±tumah±r±jik±na½ dev±na½ sahabyata½ upapajjeyan’ti; µh±na½ kho paneta½ vijjati, ya½ so k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± c±tumah±r±jik±na½ dev±na½ sahabyata½ upapajjeyya. Ta½ kissa hetu? Tath± hi so dhammac±r² samac±r².
“¾kaªkheyya ce, gahapatayo, dhammac±r² samac±r²– ‘aho vat±ha½ k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± t±vati½s±na½ dev±na½…pe… y±m±na½ dev±na½… tusit±na½ dev±na½… nimm±narat²na½ dev±na½… paranimmitavasavatt²na½ dev±na½… brahmak±yik±na½ dev±na½ sahabyata½ upapajjeyyan’ti; µh±na½ kho paneta½ vijjati, ya½ so k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± brahmak±yik±na½ dev±na½ sahabyata½ upapajjeyya. Ta½ kissa hetu? Tath± hi so dhammac±r² samac±r².
“¾kaªkheyya ce, gahapatayo, dhammac±r² samac±r²– ‘aho vat±ha½ k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± ±bh±na½ dev±na½ sahabyata½ upapajjeyyan’ti; µh±na½ kho paneta½ vijjati, ya½ so k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± ±bh±na½ dev±na½ sahabyata½ upapajjeyya. Ta½ kissa hetu? Tath± hi so dhammac±r² samac±r².
“¾kaªkheyya ce, gahapatayo, dhammac±r² samac±r²– ‘aho vat±ha½ k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± paritt±bh±na½ dev±na½…pe… appam±º±bh±na½ dev±na½… ±bhassar±na½ dev±na½… parittasubh±na½ dev±na½… appam±ºasubh±na½ dev±na½… subhakiºh±na½ dev±na½… vehapphal±na½ dev±na½… avih±na½ dev±na½… atapp±na½ dev±na½… sudass±na½ dev±na½… sudass²na½ dev±na½… akaniµµh±na½ dev±na½… ±k±s±nañc±yatan³pag±na½ dev±na½… viññ±ºañc±yatan³pag±na½ dev±na½ ±kiñcaññ±yatan³pag±na½ dev±na½… nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatan³pag±na½ dev±na½ sahabyata½ upapajjeyyan’ti; µh±na½ kho paneta½ vijjati, ya½ so k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatan³pag±na½ dev±na½ sahabyata½ upapajjeyya. Ta½ kissa hetu? Tath± hi so dhammac±r² samac±r².
“¾kaªkheyya ce, gahapatayo, dhammac±r² samac±r²– ‘aho vat±ha½ ±sav±na½ khay± an±sava½ cetovimutti½ paññ±vimutti½ diµµheva dhamme saya½ abhiññ± sacchikatv± upasampajja vihareyyan’ti; µh±na½ kho paneta½ vijjati, ya½ so ±sav±na½ khay± an±sava½ cetovimutti½ paññ±vimutti½ diµµheva dhamme saya½ abhiññ± sacchikatv± upasampajja vihareyya. Ta½ kissa hetu? Tath± hi so dhammac±r² samac±r²”ti.
443. Eva½ vutte, s±leyyak± br±hmaºagahapatik± bhagavanta½ etadavocu½– “abhikkanta½, bho gotama, abhikkanta½, bho gotama! Seyyath±pi, bho gotama, nikkujjita½ v± ukkujjeyya, paµicchanna½ v± vivareyya, m³¼hassa v± magga½ ±cikkheyya, andhak±re v± telapajjota½ dh±reyya, cakkhumanto r³p±ni dakkhant²ti. Evameva½ bhot± gotamena anekapariy±yena dhammo pak±sito. Ete maya½ bhavanta½ gotama½ saraºa½ gacch±ma dhammañca bhikkhusaªghañca. Up±sake no bhava½ gotamo dh±retu ajjatagge p±ºupete [p±ºupeta½ (ka.)] saraºa½ gate”ti.

S±leyyakasutta½ niµµhita½ paµhama½.