3. Mah±gop±lakasutta½

346. Eva½ me suta½– eka½ samaya½ bhagav± s±vatthiya½ viharati jetavane an±thapiº¹ikassa ±r±me. Tatra kho bhagav± bhikkh³ ±mantesi– “bhikkhavo”ti. “Bhadante”ti te bhikkh³ bhagavato paccassosu½. Bhagav± etadavoca–
“Ek±dasahi, bhikkhave, aªgehi samann±gato gop±lako abhabbo gogaºa½ pariharitu½ ph±ti½ k±tu½ [ph±tikattu½ (s². p².), ph±tik±tu½ (sy±. ka½.)]. Katamehi ek±dasahi? Idha, bhikkhave, gop±lako na r³paññ³ hoti, na lakkhaºakusalo hoti, na ±s±µika½ h±ret± [s±µet± (s². sy±. ka½. p².)] hoti, na vaºa½ paµicch±det± hoti, na dh³ma½ katt± hoti, na tittha½ j±n±ti, na p²ta½ j±n±ti, na v²thi½ j±n±ti, na gocarakusalo hoti anavasesadoh² ca hoti. Ye te usabh± gopitaro gopariº±yak± te na atirekap³j±ya p³jet± hoti. Imehi kho, bhikkhave, ek±dasahi aªgehi samann±gato gop±lako abhabbo gogaºa½ pariharitu½ ph±ti½ k±tu½. Evameva kho, bhikkhave, ek±dasahi dhammehi samann±gato bhikkhu abhabbo imasmi½ dhammavinaye vuddhi½ vir³¼hi½ vepulla½ ±pajjitu½. Katamehi ek±dasahi? Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu na r³paññ³ hoti, na lakkhaºakusalo hoti, na ±s±µika½ h±ret± hoti, na vaºa½ paµicch±det± hoti, na dh³ma½ katt± hoti, na tittha½ j±n±ti, na p²ta½ j±n±ti, na v²thi½ j±n±ti, na gocarakusalo hoti, anavasesadoh² ca hoti. Ye te bhikkh³ ther± rattaññ³ cirapabbajit± saªghapitaro saªghapariº±yak± te na atirekap³j±ya p³jet± hoti.
347. “Kathañca, bhikkhave, bhikkhu na r³paññ³ hoti? Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu ya½ kiñci r³pa½ sabba½ r³pa½ ‘catt±ri mah±bh³t±ni, catunnañca mah±bh³t±na½ up±d±yar³pan’ti yath±bh³ta½ nappaj±n±ti. Eva½ kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu na r³paññ³ hoti.
“Kathañca, bhikkhave, bhikkhu na lakkhaºakusalo hoti? Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu ‘kammalakkhaºo b±lo, kammalakkhaºo paº¹ito’ti yath±bh³ta½ nappaj±n±ti. Eva½ kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu na lakkhaºakusalo hoti.
“Kathañca, bhikkhave, bhikkhu na ±s±µika½ h±ret± hoti? Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu uppanna½ k±mavitakka½ adhiv±seti, nappajahati na vinodeti na byant² karoti na anabh±va½ gameti. Uppanna½ by±p±davitakka½…pe… uppanna½ vihi½s±vitakka½…pe… uppannuppanne p±pake akusale dhamme adhiv±seti, nappajahati na vinodeti na byant² karoti na anabh±va½ gameti. Eva½ kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu na ±s±µika½ h±ret± hoti.
“Kathañca, bhikkhave, bhikkhu na vaºa½ paµicch±det± hoti? Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu cakkhun± r³pa½ disv± nimittagg±h² hoti anubyañjanagg±h². Yatv±dhikaraºamena½ cakkhundriya½ asa½vuta½ viharanta½ abhijjh±domanass± p±pak± akusal± dhamm± anv±ssaveyyu½, tassa sa½var±ya na paµipajjati, na rakkhati cakkhundriya½, cakkhundriye na sa½vara½ ±pajjati. Sotena sadda½ sutv±…pe… gh±nena gandha½ gh±yitv±…pe… jivh±ya rasa½ s±yitv±…pe… k±yena phoµµhabba½ phusitv±…pe… manas± dhamma½ viññ±ya nimittagg±h² hoti anubyañjanagg±h². Yatv±dhikaraºamena½ manindriya½ asa½vuta½ viharanta½ abhijjh±domanass± p±pak± akusal± dhamm± anv±ssaveyyu½, tassa sa½var±ya na paµipajjati, na rakkhati manindriya½, manindriye na sa½vara½ ±pajjati. Eva½ kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu na vaºa½ paµicch±det± hoti.
“Kathañca, bhikkhave, bhikkhu na dh³ma½ katt± hoti? Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu yath±suta½ yath±pariyatta½ dhamma½ na vitth±rena paresa½ deset± hoti. Eva½ kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu na dh³ma½ katt± hoti.
“Kathañca, bhikkhave, bhikkhu na tittha½ j±n±ti? Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu ye te bhikkh³ bahussut± ±gat±gam± dhammadhar± vinayadhar± m±tik±dhar±, te k±lena k±la½ upasaªkamitv± na paripucchati, na paripañhati– ‘ida½, bhante, katha½? Imassa ko attho’ti? Tassa te ±yasmanto avivaµañceva na vivaranti, anutt±n²katañca na utt±n² karonti, anekavihitesu ca kaªkh±µh±n²yesu dhammesu kaªkha½ na paµivinodenti. Eva½ kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu na tittha½ j±n±ti.
“Kathañca, bhikkhave, bhikkhu na p²ta½ j±n±ti? Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu tath±gatappavedite dhammavinaye desiyam±ne na labhati atthaveda½, na labhati dhammaveda½, na labhati dhamm³pasa½hita½ p±mojja½. Eva½ kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu na p²ta½ j±n±ti.
“Kathañca, bhikkhave, bhikkhu na v²thi½ j±n±ti? Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu ariya½ aµµhaªgika½ magga½ yath±bh³ta½ nappaj±n±ti. Eva½ kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu na v²thi½ j±n±ti.
“Kathañca, bhikkhave, bhikkhu na gocarakusalo hoti? Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu catt±ro satipaµµh±ne yath±bh³ta½ nappaj±n±ti. Eva½ kho, bhikkhave bhikkhu na gocarakusalo hoti.
“Kathañca, bhikkhave, bhikkhu anavasesadoh² hoti? Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu½ saddh± gahapatik± abhihaµµhu½ pav±renti c²varapiº¹ap±tasen±sanagil±nappaccayabhesajjaparikkh±rehi, tatra bhikkhu matta½ na j±n±ti paµiggahaº±ya. Eva½ kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu anavasesadoh² hoti.
“Kathañca, bhikkhave, bhikkhu ye te bhikkh³ ther± rattaññ³ cirapabbajit± saªghapitaro saªghapariº±yak± te na atirekap³j±ya p³jet± hoti Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu ye te bhikkh³ ther± rattaññ³ cirapabbajit± saªghapitaro saªghapariº±yak±, tesu na metta½ k±yakamma½ paccupaµµh±peti ±vi ceva raho ca; na metta½ vac²kamma½ paccupaµµh±peti ±vi ceva raho ca; na metta½ manokamma½ paccupaµµh±peti ±vi ceva raho ca. Eva½ kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu ye te bhikkh³ ther± rattaññ³ cirapabbajit± saªghapitaro saªghapariº±yak± te na atirekap³j±ya p³jet± hoti.
“Imehi kho bhikkhave ek±dasahi dhammehi samann±gato bhikkhu abhabbo imasmi½ dhammavinaye vuddhi½ vir³¼hi½ vepulla½ ±pajjitu½.
348. “Ek±dasahi bhikkhave, aªgehi samann±gato gop±lako bhabbo gogaºa½ pariharitu½ ph±ti½ k±tu½. Katamehi ek±dasahi? Idha, bhikkhave gop±lako r³paññ³ hoti, lakkhaºakusalo hoti, ±s±µika½ h±ret± hoti, vaºa½ paµicch±det± hoti, dh³ma½ katt± hoti, tittha½ j±n±ti, p²ta½ j±n±ti, v²thi½ j±n±ti, gocarakusalo hoti, s±vasesadoh² ca hoti. Ye te usabh± gopitaro gopariº±yak± te atirekap³j±ya p³jet± hoti. Imehi kho, bhikkhave, ek±dasahi aªgehi samann±gato gop±lako bhabbo gogaºa½ pariharitu½ ph±ti½ k±tu½. Evameva kho, bhikkhave, ek±dasahi dhammehi samann±gato bhikkhu bhabbo imasmi½ dhammavinaye vuddhi½ vir³¼hi½ vepulla½ ±pajjitu½. Katamehi ek±dasahi? Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu r³paññ³ hoti, lakkhaºakusalo hoti, ±s±µika½ h±ret± hoti, vaºa½ paµicch±det± hoti, dh³ma½ katt± hoti, tittha½ j±n±ti, p²ta½ j±n±ti, v²thi½ j±n±ti, gocarakusalo hoti, s±vasesadoh² ca hoti. Ye te bhikkh³ ther± rattaññ³ cirapabbajit± saªghapitaro saªghapariº±yak± te atirekap³j±ya p³jet± hoti.
349. “Kathañca, bhikkhave, bhikkhu r³paññ³ hoti? Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu ya½ kiñci r³pa½ sabba½ r³pa½ ‘catt±ri mah±bh³t±ni catunnañca mah±bh³t±na½ up±d±yar³pan’ti yath±bh³ta½ paj±n±ti. Eva½ kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu r³paññ³ hoti.
“Kathañca, bhikkhave, bhikkhu lakkhaºakusalo hoti? Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu kammalakkhaºo b±lo, kammalakkhaºo paº¹itoti yath±bh³ta½ paj±n±ti. Eva½ kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu lakkhaºakusalo hoti.
“Kathañca bhikkhave, bhikkhu ±s±µika½ h±ret± hoti? Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu uppanna½ k±mavitakka½ n±dhiv±seti, pajahati vinodeti byant² karoti anabh±va½ gameti. Uppanna½ by±p±davitakka½…pe… uppanna½ vihi½s±vitakka½…pe… uppannuppanne p±pake akusale dhamme n±dhiv±seti, pajahati vinodeti byant² karoti anabh±va½ gameti. Eva½ kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu ±s±µika½ h±ret± hoti.
“Kathañca, bhikkhave, bhikkhu vaºa½ paµicch±det± hoti? Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu cakkhun± r³pa½ disv± na nimittagg±h² hoti n±nubyañjanagg±h². Yatv±dhikaraºamena½ cakkhundriya½ asa½vuta½ viharanta½ abhijjh±domanass± p±pak± akusal± dhamm± anv±ssaveyyu½ tassa sa½var±ya paµipajjati, rakkhati cakkhundriya½, cakkhundriye sa½vara½ ±pajjati. Sotena sadda½ sutv±…pe… gh±nena gandha½ gh±yitv±…pe… jivh±ya rasa½ s±yitv±…pe… k±yena phoµµhabba½ phusitv±…pe… manas± dhamma½ viññ±ya na nimittagg±h² hoti n±nubyañjanagg±h². Yatv±dhikaraºamena½ manindriya½ asa½vuta½ viharanta½ abhijjh±domanass± p±pak± akusal± dhamm± anv±ssaveyyu½ tassa sa½var±ya paµipajjati, rakkhati manindriya½, manindriye sa½vara½ ±pajjati. Eva½ kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu vaºa½ paµicch±det± hoti.
“Kathañca, bhikkhave, bhikkhu dh³ma½ katt± hoti? Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu yath±suta½ yath±pariyatta½ dhamma½ vitth±rena paresa½ deset± hoti. Eva½ kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu dh³ma½ katt± hoti.
“Kathañca, bhikkhave, bhikkhu tittha½ j±n±ti? Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu ye te bhikkh³ bahussut± ±gat±gam± dhammadhar± vinayadhar± m±tik±dhar± te k±lena k±la½ upasaªkamitv± paripucchati, paripañhati– ‘ida½, bhante, katha½? Imassa ko attho’ti? Tassa te ±yasmanto avivaµañceva vivaranti, anutt±n²katañca utt±n² karonti, anekavihitesu ca kaªkh±µh±n²yesu dhammesu kaªkha½ paµivinodenti. Eva½ kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu tittha½ j±n±ti.
“Kathañca bhikkhave, bhikkhu p²ta½ j±n±ti? Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu tath±gatappavedite dhammavinaye desiyam±ne labhati atthaveda½, labhati dhammaveda½, labhati dhamm³pasa½hita½ p±mojja½. Eva½ kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu p²ta½ j±n±ti.
“Kathañca bhikkhave, bhikkhu v²thi½ j±n±ti? Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu ariya½ aµµhaªgika½ magga½ yath±bh³ta½ paj±n±ti. Eva½ kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu v²thi½ j±n±ti.
“Kathañca, bhikkhave, bhikkhu gocarakusalo hoti? Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu catt±ro satipaµµh±ne yath±bh³ta½ paj±n±ti. Eva½ kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu gocarakusalo hoti.
“Kathañca bhikkhave, bhikkhu s±vasesadoh² hoti? Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu½ saddh± gahapatik± abhihaµµhu½ pav±renti c²varapiº¹ap±tasen±sanagil±nappaccayabhesajjaparikkh±rehi. Tatra bhikkhu matta½ j±n±ti paµiggahaº±ya. Eva½ kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu s±vasesadoh² hoti.
“Kathañca, bhikkhave, bhikkhu ye te bhikkh³ ther± rattaññ³ cirapabbajit± saªghapitaro saªghapariº±yak±, te atirekap³j±ya p³jet± hoti? Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu ye te bhikkh³ ther± rattaññ³ cirapabbajit± saªghapitaro saªghapariº±yak± tesu metta½ k±yakamma½ paccupaµµh±peti ±vi ceva raho ca; metta½ vac²kamma½ paccupaµµh±peti ±vi ceva raho ca; metta½ manokamma½ paccupaµµh±peti ±vi ceva raho ca. Eva½ kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu ye te bhikkh³ ther± rattaññ³ cirapabbajit± saªghapitaro saªghapariº±yak± te atirekap³j±ya p³jet± hoti.
“Imehi kho, bhikkhave, ek±dasahi dhammehi samann±gato bhikkhu bhabbo imasmi½ dhammavinaye vuddhi½ vir³¼hi½ vepulla½ ±pajjitun”ti.
Idamavoca bhagav±. Attaman± te bhikkh³ bhagavato bh±sita½ abhinandunti.

Mah±gop±lakasutta½ niµµhita½ tatiya½.