4. Mah±yamakavaggo

1. C³¼agosiªgasutta½

325. Eva½ me suta½– eka½ samaya½ bhagav± n±tike [n±dike (s². sy±. p².), ñ±tike (ka.)] viharati giñjak±vasathe. Tena kho pana samayena ±yasm± ca anuruddho ±yasm± ca nandiyo ±yasm± ca kimilo [kimbilo (s². p². ka.)] gosiªgas±lavanad±ye viharanti. Atha kho bhagav± s±yanhasamaya½ paµisall±n± vuµµhito yena gosiªgas±lavanad±yo tenupasaªkami. Addas± kho d±yap±lo bhagavanta½ d³ratova ±gacchanta½. Disv±na bhagavanta½ etadavoca– “m±, samaºa, eta½ d±ya½ p±visi. Santettha tayo kulaputt± attak±mar³p± viharanti. M± tesa½ aph±sumak±s²”ti.
Assosi kho ±yasm± anuruddho d±yap±lassa bhagavat± saddhi½ mantayam±nassa. Sutv±na d±yap±la½ etadavoca– “m±, ±vuso d±yap±la, bhagavanta½ v±resi. Satth± no bhagav± anuppatto”ti. Atha kho ±yasm± anuruddho yen±yasm± ca nandiyo ±yasm± ca kimilo tenupasaªkami; upasaªkamitv± ±yasmantañca nandiya½ ±yasmantañca kimila½ etadavoca– “abhikkamath±yasmanto, abhikkamath±yasmanto, satth± no bhagav± anuppatto”ti. Atha kho ±yasm± ca anuruddho ±yasm± ca nandiyo ±yasm± ca kimilo bhagavanta½ paccuggantv±– eko bhagavato pattac²vara½ paµiggahesi, eko ±sana½ paññapesi, eko p±dodaka½ upaµµh±pesi. Nis²di bhagav± paññatte ±sane. Nisajja kho bhagav± p±de pakkh±lesi. Tepi kho ±yasmanto bhagavanta½ abhiv±detv± ekamanta½ nis²di½su. Ekamanta½ nisinna½ kho ±yasmanta½ anuruddha½ bhagav± etadavoca–
326. “Kacci vo, anuruddh±, khaman²ya½, kacci y±pan²ya½, kacci piº¹akena na kilamath±”ti “Khaman²ya½, bhagav±, y±pan²ya½, bhagav±; na ca maya½, bhante, piº¹akena kilam±m±”ti. “Kacci pana vo, anuruddh±, samagg± sammodam±n± avivadam±n± kh²rodak²bh³t± aññamañña½ piyacakkh³hi sampassant± viharath±”ti? “Taggha maya½ bhante, samagg± sammodam±n± avivadam±n± kh²rodak²bh³t± aññamañña½ piyacakkh³hi sampassant± vihar±m±”ti. “Yath± katha½ pana tumhe, anuruddh±, samagg± sammodam±n± avivadam±n± kh²rodak²bh³t± aññamañña½ piyacakkh³hi sampassant± viharath±”ti? “Idha mayha½, bhante, eva½ hoti– ‘l±bh± vata me, suladdha½ vata me, yoha½ evar³pehi sabrahmac±r²hi saddhi½ vihar±m²’ti. Tassa mayha½, bhante, imesu ±yasmantesu metta½ k±yakamma½ paccupaµµhita½ ±vi ceva raho ca; metta½ vac²kamma½ paccupaµµhita½ ±vi ceva raho ca; metta½ manokamma½ paccupaµµhita½ ±vi ceva raho ca. Tassa mayha½, bhante, eva½ hoti– ‘ya½n³n±ha½ saka½ citta½ nikkhipitv± imesa½yeva ±yasmant±na½ cittassa vasena vatteyyan’ti. So kho aha½, bhante, saka½ citta½ nikkhipitv± imesa½yeva ±yasmant±na½ cittassa vasena vatt±mi. N±n± hi kho no, bhante, k±y± ekañca pana maññe cittan”ti.
¾yasm±pi kho nandiyo…pe… ±yasm±pi kho kimilo bhagavanta½ etadavoca– “mayhampi, bhante, eva½ hoti– ‘l±bh± vata me, suladdha½ vata me, yoha½ evar³pehi sabrahmac±r²hi saddhi½ vihar±m²’ti. Tassa mayha½, bhante, imesu ±yasmantesu metta½ k±yakamma½ paccupaµµhita½ ±vi ceva raho ca, metta½ vac²kamma½ paccupaµµhita½ ±vi ceva raho ca, metta½ manokamma½ paccupaµµhita½ ±vi ceva raho ca. Tassa mayha½, bhante, eva½ hoti– ‘ya½n³n±ha½ saka½ citta½ nikkhipitv± imesa½yeva ±yasmant±na½ cittassa vasena vatteyyan’ti. So kho aha½, bhante, saka½ citta½ nikkhipitv± imesa½yeva ±yasmant±na½ cittassa vasena vatt±mi. N±n± hi kho no, bhante, k±y± ekañca pana maññe cittanti.
“Eva½ kho maya½, bhante, samagg± sammodam±n± avivadam±n± kh²rodak²bh³t± aññamañña½ piyacakkh³hi sampassant± vihar±m±”ti.
327. “S±dhu s±dhu, anuruddh±! Kacci pana vo, anuruddh±, appamatt± ±t±pino pahitatt± viharath±”ti? “Taggha maya½, bhante, appamatt± ±t±pino pahitatt± vihar±m±”ti. “Yath± katha½ pana tumhe, anuruddh±, appamatt± ±t±pino pahitatt± viharath±”ti? “Idha, bhante, amh±ka½ yo paµhama½ g±mato piº¹±ya paµikkamati so ±san±ni paññapeti, p±n²ya½ paribhojan²ya½ upaµµh±peti, avakk±rap±ti½ upaµµh±peti. Yo pacch± g±mato piº¹±ya paµikkamati, sace hoti bhutt±vaseso sace ±kaªkhati bhuñjati, no ce ±kaªkhati appaharite v± cha¹¹eti, app±ºake v± udake opil±peti. So ±san±ni paµis±meti, p±n²ya½ paribhojan²ya½ paµis±meti, avakk±rap±ti½ paµis±meti, bhattagga½ sammajjati. Yo passati p±n²yaghaµa½ v± paribhojan²yaghaµa½ v± vaccaghaµa½ v± ritta½ tuccha½ so upaµµh±peti. Sacassa hoti avisayha½, hatthavik±rena dutiya½ ±mantetv± hatthavilaªghakena upaµµh±pema, na tveva maya½, bhante, tappaccay± v±ca½ bhind±ma. Pañc±hika½ kho pana maya½, bhante, sabbarattika½ dhammiy± kath±ya sannis²d±ma. Eva½ kho maya½, bhante, appamatt± ±t±pino pahitatt± vihar±m±”ti.
328. “S±dhu s±dhu, anuruddh±! Atthi pana vo, anuruddh±, eva½ appamatt±na½ ±t±p²na½ pahitatt±na½ viharant±na½ uttarimanussadhamm± alamariyañ±ºadassanaviseso adhigato ph±suvih±ro”ti? “Kiñhi no siy±, bhante! Idha maya½, bhante, y±vadeva ±kaªkh±ma vivicceva k±mehi vivicca akusalehi dhammehi savitakka½ savic±ra½ vivekaja½ p²tisukha½ paµhama½ jh±na½ upasampajja vihar±ma. Aya½ kho no, bhante, amh±ka½ appamatt±na½ ±t±p²na½ pahitatt±na½ viharant±na½ uttarimanussadhamm± alamariyañ±ºadassanaviseso adhigato ph±suvih±ro”ti.
“S±dhu s±dhu, anuruddh±! Etassa pana vo, anuruddh±, vih±rassa samatikkam±ya etassa vih±rassa paµippassaddhiy± atthañño uttarimanussadhamm± alamariyañ±ºadassanaviseso adhigato ph±suvih±ro”ti? “Kiñhi no siy±, bhante! Idha maya½, bhante, y±vadeva ±kaªkh±ma vitakkavic±r±na½ v³pasam± ajjhatta½ sampas±dana½ cetaso ekodibh±va½ avitakka½ avic±ra½ sam±dhija½ p²tisukha½ dutiya½ jh±na½ upasampajja vihar±ma. Etassa, bhante, vih±rassa samatikkam±ya etassa vih±rassa paµippassaddhiy± ayamañño uttarimanussadhamm± alamariyañ±ºadassanaviseso adhigato ph±suvih±ro”ti.
“S±dhu s±dhu, anuruddh±! Etassa pana vo, anuruddh±, vih±rassa samatikkam±ya etassa vih±rassa paµippassaddhiy± atthañño uttarimanussadhamm± alamariyañ±ºadassanaviseso adhigato ph±suvih±ro”ti? “Kiñhi no siy±, bhante! Idha maya½, bhante, y±vadeva ±kaªkh±ma p²tiy± ca vir±g± upekkhak± ca vihar±ma, sat± ca sampaj±n±, sukhañca k±yena paµisa½vedema, ya½ ta½ ariy± ±cikkhanti– ‘upekkhako satim± sukhavih±r²’ti tatiya½ jh±na½ upasampajja vihar±ma. Etassa, bhante, vih±rassa samatikkam±ya etassa vih±rassa paµippassaddhiy± ayamañño uttarimanussadhamm± alamariyañ±ºadassanaviseso adhigato ph±suvih±ro”ti.
“S±dhu s±dhu, anuruddh±! Etassa pana vo, anuruddh±, vih±rassa samatikkam±ya etassa vih±rassa paµippassaddhiy± atthañño uttarimanussadhamm± alamariyañ±ºadassanaviseso adhigato ph±suvih±ro”ti “Kiñhi no siy±, bhante! Idha maya½, bhante, y±vadeva ±kaªkh±ma sukhassa ca pah±n± dukkhassa ca pah±n±, pubbeva somanassadomanass±na½ atthaªgam±, adukkhamasukha½ upekkh±satip±risuddhi½ catuttha½ jh±na½ upasampajja vihar±ma. Etassa, bhante, vih±rassa samatikkam±ya etassa vih±rassa paµippassaddhiy± ayamañño uttari manussadhamm± alamariyañ±ºadassanaviseso adhigato ph±suvih±ro”ti.
“S±dhu s±dhu, anuruddh±! Etassa pana vo, anuruddh±, vih±rassa samatikkam±ya etassa vih±rassa paµippassaddhiy± atthañño uttarimanussadhamm± alamariyañ±ºadassanaviseso adhigato ph±suvih±ro”ti? “Kiñhi no siy±, bhante! Idha maya½, bhante, y±vadeva ±kaªkh±ma sabbaso r³pasaññ±na½ samatikkam± paµighasaññ±na½ atthaªgam± n±nattasaññ±na½ amanasik±r± ‘ananto ±k±so’ti ±k±s±nañc±yatana½ upasampajja vihar±ma. Etassa, bhante, vih±rassa samatikkam±ya etassa vih±rassa paµippassaddhiy± ayamañño uttarimanussadhamm± alamariyañ±ºadassanaviseso adhigato ph±suvih±ro”ti.
“S±dhu s±dhu, anuruddh±! Etassa pana vo, anuruddh±, vih±rassa samatikkam±ya etassa vih±rassa paµippassaddhiy± atthañño uttarimanussadhamm± alamariyañ±ºadassanaviseso adhigato ph±suvih±ro”ti? “Kiñhi no siy±, bhante! Idha maya½, bhante, y±vadeva ±kaªkh±ma sabbaso ±k±s±nañc±yatana½ samatikkamma ‘ananta½ viññ±ºan’ti viññ±ºañc±yatana½ upasampajja vihar±ma…pe… sabbaso viññ±ºañc±yatana½ samatikkamma ‘natthi kiñc²’ti ±kiñcaññ±yatana½ upasampajja vihar±ma…pe… sabbaso ±kiñcaññ±yatana½ samatikkamma nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatana½ upasampajja vihar±ma. Etassa, bhante, vih±rassa samatikkam±ya etassa vih±rassa paµippassaddhiy± ayamañño uttarimanussadhamm± alamariyañ±ºadassanaviseso adhigato ph±suvih±ro”ti.
329. “S±dhu s±dhu, anuruddh±! Etassa pana vo, anuruddh±, vih±rassa samatikkam±ya etassa vih±rassa paµippassaddhiy± atthañño uttarimanussadhamm± alamariyañ±ºadassanaviseso adhigato ph±suvih±ro”ti? “Kiñhi no siy±, bhante! Idha maya½, bhante, y±vadeva ±kaªkh±ma sabbaso nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatana½ samatikkamma saññ±vedayitanirodha½ upasampajja vihar±ma, paññ±ya ca no disv± ±sav± parikkh²º±. Etassa, bhante, vih±rassa samatikkam±ya etassa vih±rassa paµippassaddhiy± ayamañño uttarimanussadhamm± alamariyañ±ºadassanaviseso adhigato ph±suvih±ro. Imamh± ca maya½, bhante, ph±suvih±r± añña½ ph±suvih±ra½ uttaritara½ v± paº²tatara½ v± na samanupass±m±”ti. “S±dhu s±dhu, anuruddh±! Imamh± ph±suvih±r± uttaritaro v± paº²tataro v± ph±suvih±ro natth²”ti.
330. Atha kho bhagav± ±yasmantañca anuruddha½ ±yasmantañca nandiya½ ±yasmantañca kimila½ dhammiy± kath±ya sandassetv± sam±dapetv± samuttejetv± sampaha½setv± uµµh±y±san± pakk±mi. Atha kho ±yasm± ca anuruddho ±yasm± ca nandiyo ±yasm± ca kimilo bhagavanta½ anusa½y±yitv± [anusa½s±vetv± (s².), anus±vetv± (µ²k±)] tato paµinivattitv± ±yasm± ca nandiyo ±yasm± ca kimilo ±yasmanta½ anuruddha½ etadavocu½– “ki½ nu kho maya½ ±yasmato anuruddhassa evam±rocimha– ‘im±sañca im±sañca vih±rasam±patt²na½ maya½ l±bhino’ti, ya½ no ±yasm± anuruddho bhagavato sammukh± y±va ±sav±na½ khay± pak±set²”ti? “Na kho me ±yasmanto evam±rocesu½– ‘im±sañca im±sañca vih±rasam±patt²na½ maya½ l±bhino’ti, api ca me ±yasmant±na½ cetas± ceto paricca vidito– ‘im±sañca im±sañca vih±rasam±patt²na½ ime ±yasmanto l±bhino’ti. Devat±pi me etamattha½ ±rocesu½– ‘im±sañca im±sañca vih±rasam±patt²na½ ime ±yasmanto l±bhino’ti. Tamena½ bhagavat± pañh±bhipuµµhena by±katan”ti.
331. Atha kho d²gho parajano yakkho yena bhagav± tenupasaªkami; upasaªkamitv± bhagavanta½ abhiv±detv± ekamanta½ aµµh±si. Ekamanta½ µhito kho d²gho parajano yakkho bhagavanta½ etadavoca– “l±bh± vata, bhante, vajj²na½, suladdhal±bh± vajjipaj±ya, yattha tath±gato viharati araha½ samm±sambuddho, ime ca tayo kulaputt±– ±yasm± ca anuruddho, ±yasm± ca nandiyo, ±yasm± ca kimilo”ti. D²ghassa parajanassa yakkhassa sadda½ sutv± bhumm± dev± saddamanuss±vesu½– ‘l±bh± vata, bho, vajj²na½, suladdhal±bh± vajjipaj±ya, yattha tath±gato viharati araha½ samm±sambuddho, ime ca tayo kulaputt±– ±yasm± ca anuruddho, ±yasm± ca nandiyo, ±yasm± ca kimilo’ti. Bhumm±na½ dev±na½ sadda½ sutv± c±tumah±r±jik± dev±…pe… t±vati½s± dev±…pe… y±m± dev±…pe… tusit± dev±…pe… nimm±narat² dev±…pe… paranimmitavasavatt² dev±…pe… brahmak±yik± dev± saddamanuss±vesu½– “l±bh± vata, bho, vajj²na½, suladdhal±bh± vajjipaj±ya, yattha tath±gato viharati araha½ samm±sambuddho, ime ca tayo kulaputt±– ±yasm± ca anuruddho, ±yasm± ca nandiyo, ±yasm± ca kimilo”ti. Itiha te ±yasmanto tena khaºena (tena layena) [( ) s². sy±. p². potthakesu natthi] tena muhuttena y±vabrahmalok± vidit± [sa½vidit± (ka.)] ahesu½.
“Evameta½, d²gha, evameta½, d²gha! Yasm±pi, d²gha, kul± ete tayo kulaputt± ag±rasm± anag±riya½ pabbajit±, tañcepi kula½ ete tayo kulaputte pasannacitta½ anussareyya, tassap±ssa kulassa d²gharatta½ hit±ya sukh±ya. Yasm±pi, d²gha, kulaparivaµµ± ete tayo kulaputt± ag±rasm± anag±riya½ pabbajit±, so cepi kulaparivaµµo ete tayo kulaputte pasannacitto anussareyya, tassap±ssa kulaparivaµµassa d²gharatta½ hit±ya sukh±ya. Yasm±pi, d²gha, g±m± ete tayo kulaputt± ag±rasm± anag±riya½ pabbajit±, so cepi g±mo ete tayo kulaputte pasannacitto anussareyya, tassap±ssa g±massa d²gharatta½ hit±ya sukh±ya. Yasm±pi, d²gha, nigam± ete tayo kulaputt± ag±rasm± anag±riya½ pabbajit±, so cepi nigamo ete tayo kulaputte pasannacitto anussareyya, tassap±ssa nigamassa d²gharatta½ hit±ya sukh±ya. Yasm±pi, d²gha, nagar± ete tayo kulaputt± ag±rasm± anag±riya½ pabbajit±, tañcepi nagara½ ete tayo kulaputte pasannacitta½ anussareyya, tassap±ssa nagarassa d²gharatta½ hit±ya sukh±ya. Yasm±pi, d²gha, janapad± ete tayo kulaputt± ag±rasm± anag±riya½ pabbajit±, so cepi janapado ete tayo kulaputte pasannacitto anussareyya, tassap±ssa janapadassa d²gharatta½ hit±ya sukh±ya. Sabbe cepi, d²gha, khattiy± ete tayo kulaputte pasannacitt± anussareyyu½, sabbes±na½p±ssa khattiy±na½ d²gharatta½ hit±ya sukh±ya. Sabbe cepi, d²gha, br±hmaº±…pe… sabbe cepi, d²gha, vess±…pe… sabbe cepi, d²gha, sudd± ete tayo kulaputte pasannacitt± anussareyyu½, sabbes±na½p±ssa sudd±na½ d²gharatta½ hit±ya sukh±ya. Sadevako cepi, d²gha, loko sam±rako sabrahmako sassamaºabr±hmaº² paj± sadevamanuss± ete tayo kulaputte pasannacitt± anussareyya, sadevakassap±ssa lokassa sam±rakassa sabrahmakassa sassamaºabr±hmaºiy± paj±ya sadevamanuss±ya d²gharatta½ hit±ya sukh±ya. Passa, d²gha, y±va ete tayo kulaputt± bahujanahit±ya paµipann± bahujanasukh±ya lok±nukamp±ya, atth±ya hit±ya sukh±ya devamanuss±nan”ti.
Idamavoca bhagav±. Attamano d²gho parajano yakkho bhagavato bh±sita½ abhinand²ti.

C³¼agosiªgasutta½ niµµhita½ paµhama½.