2. Alagadd³pamasutta½

234. Eva½ me suta½– eka½ samaya½ bhagav± s±vatthiya½ viharati jetavane an±thapiŗ¹ikassa ±r±me. Tena kho pana samayena ariµµhassa n±ma bhikkhuno gaddhab±dhipubbassa [gandhab±dhipubbassa (ka.)] evar³pa½ p±paka½ diµµhigata½ uppanna½ hoti– “tath±ha½ bhagavat± dhamma½ desita½ ±j±n±mi yath± yeme antar±yik± dhamm± vutt± bhagavat± te paµisevato n±la½ antar±y±y±”ti. Assosu½ kho sambahul± bhikkh³– “ariµµhassa kira n±ma bhikkhuno gaddhab±dhipubbassa evar³pa½ p±paka½ diµµhigata½ uppanna½– ‘tath±ha½ bhagavat± dhamma½ desita½ ±j±n±mi yath± yeme antar±yik± dhamm± vutt± bhagavat± te paµisevato n±la½ antar±y±y±”’ti. Atha kho te bhikkh³ yena ariµµho bhikkhu gaddhab±dhipubbo tenupasaŖkami½su; upasaŖkamitv± ariµµha½ bhikkhu½ gaddhab±dhipubba½ etadavocu½– “sacca½ kira te, ±vuso ariµµha, evar³pa½ p±paka½ diµµhigata½ uppanna½– ‘tath±ha½ bhagavat± dhamma½ desita½ ±j±n±mi yath± yeme antar±yik± dhamm± vutt± bhagavat± te paµisevato n±la½ antar±y±y±”’ti. “Eva½by±kho [eva½ kho (?) Bhagavato sammukh±yevassa “eva½by±kho”ti] aha½, ±vuso, bhagavat± dhamma½ desita½ ±j±n±mi yath± yeme antar±yik± dhamm± vutt± bhagavat± te paµisevato n±la½ antar±y±y±”ti.
Atha kho tepi bhikkh³ ariµµha½ bhikkhu½ gaddhab±dhipubba½ etasm± p±pak± diµµhigat± vivecetuk±m± samanuyuńjanti samanug±hanti [samanugg±hanti (sy±.)] samanubh±santi– “m± heva½, ±vuso ariµµha, avaca, m± bhagavanta½ abbh±cikkhi; na hi s±dhu bhagavato abbhakkh±na½ [abbh±cikkhana½ (ka.)], na hi bhagav± eva½ vadeyya. Anekapariy±yen±vuso ariµµha, antar±yik± dhamm± antar±yik± vutt± bhagavat±, alańca pana te paµisevato antar±y±ya. Appass±d± k±m± vutt± bhagavat± bahudukkh± bahup±y±s±,±d²navo ettha bhiyyo. AµµhikaŖkal³pam± k±m± vutt± bhagavat±…pe… ma½sapes³pam± k±m± vutt± bhagavat±… tiŗukk³pam± k±m± vutt± bhagavat±… aŖg±rak±s³pam± k±m± vutt± bhagavat±… supinak³pam± k±m± vutt± bhagavat±… y±citak³pam± k±m± vutt± bhagavat±… rukkhaphal³pam± k±m± vutt± bhagavat±… asis³n³pam± k±m± vutt± bhagavat±… sattis³l³pam± k±m± vutt± bhagavat±… sappasir³pam± k±m± vutt± bhagavat± bahudukkh± bahup±y±s±, ±d²navo ettha bhiyyo”ti. Evampi kho ariµµho bhikkhu gaddhab±dhipubbo tehi bhikkh³hi samanuyuńjiyam±no samanug±hiyam±no [samanugg±hiyam±no (sy±. vinayepi)] samanubh±siyam±no tadeva [tatheva ta½ (vinaye)] p±paka½ diµµhigata½ th±mas± par±m±s± abhinivissa voharati– “eva½by±kho aha½, ±vuso, bhagavat± dhamma½ desita½ ±j±n±mi yath± yeme antar±yik± dhamm± vutt± bhagavat± te paµisevato n±la½ antar±y±y±”ti.
235. Yato kho te bhikkh³ n±sakkhi½su ariµµha½ bhikkhu½ gaddhab±dhipubba½ etasm± p±pak± diµµhigat± vivecetu½, atha kho te bhikkh³ yena bhagav± tenupasaŖkami½su; upasaŖkamitv± bhagavanta½ abhiv±detv± ekamanta½ nis²di½su. Ekamanta½ nisinn± kho te bhikkh³ bhagavanta½ etadavocu½– “ariµµhassa n±ma, bhante, bhikkhuno gaddhab±dhipubbassa evar³pa½ p±paka½ diµµhigata½ uppanna½– ‘tath±ha½ bhagavat± dhamma½ desita½ ±j±n±mi yath± yeme antar±yik± dhamm± vutt± bhagavat± te paµisevato n±la½ antar±y±y±’ti. Assumha kho maya½, bhante– ‘ariµµhassa kira n±ma bhikkhuno gaddhab±dhipubbassa evar³pa½ p±paka½ diµµhigata½ uppanna½– tath±ha½ bhagavat± dhamma½ desita½ ±j±n±mi yath± yeme antar±yik± dhamm± vutt± bhagavat± te paµisevato n±la½ antar±y±y±’ti. Atha kho maya½, bhante, yena ariµµho bhikkhu gaddhab±dhipubbo tenupasaŖkamimha; upasaŖkamitv± ariµµha½ bhikkhu½ gaddhab±dhipubba½ etadavocumha– ‘sacca½ kira te, ±vuso ariµµha, evar³pa½ p±paka½ diµµhigata½ uppanna½– tath±ha½ bhagavat± dhamma½ desita½ ±j±n±mi yath± yeme antar±yik± dhamm± vutt± bhagavat± te paµisevato n±la½ antar±y±y±’ti?
“Eva½ vutte, bhante, ariµµho bhikkhu gaddhab±dhipubbo amhe etadavoca– ‘eva½by±kho aha½, ±vuso, bhagavat± dhamma½ desita½ ±j±n±mi yath± yeme antar±yik± dhamm± vutt± bhagavat± te paµisevato n±la½ antar±y±y±’ti. Atha kho maya½, bhante, ariµµha½ bhikkhu½ gaddhab±dhipubba½ etasm± p±pak± diµµhigat± vivecetuk±m± samanuyuńjimha samanug±himha samanubh±simha ‘m± heva½, ±vuso ariµµha, avaca, m± bhagavanta½ abbh±cikkhi; na hi s±dhu bhagavato abbhakkh±na½ na hi bhagav± eva½ vadeyya. Anekapariy±yen±vuso ariµµha, antar±yik± dhamm± antar±yik± vutt± bhagavat±, alańca pana te paµisevato antar±y±ya. Appass±d± k±m± vutt± bhagavat± bahudukkh± bahup±y±s±, ±d²navo ettha bhiyyo. AµµhikaŖkal³pam± k±m± vutt± bhagavat±…pe… sappasir³pam± k±m± vutt± bhagavat± bahudukkh± bahup±y±s±, ±d²navo ettha bhiyyo’ti. Evampi kho, bhante, ariµµho bhikkhu gaddhab±dhipubbo amhehi samanuyuńjiyam±no samanug±hiyam±no samanubh±siyam±no tadeva p±paka½ diµµhigata½ th±mas± par±m±s± abhinivissa voharati– ‘eva½by±kho aha½, ±vuso, bhagavat± dhamma½ desita½ ±j±n±mi yath± yeme antar±yik± dhamm± vutt± bhagavat± te paµisevato n±la½ antar±y±y±’ti. Yato kho maya½, bhante, n±sakkhimha ariµµha½ bhikkhu½ gaddhab±dhipubba½ etasm± p±pak± diµµhigat± vivecetu½, atha maya½ etamattha½ bhagavato ±rocem±”ti.
236. Atha kho bhagav± ańńatara½ bhikkhu½ ±mantesi– “ehi tva½, bhikkhu, mama vacanena ariµµha½ bhikkhu½ gaddhab±dhipubba½ ±mantehi– ‘satth± ta½, ±vuso ariµµha, ±mantet²”’ti. “Eva½ bhante”ti kho so bhikkhu bhagavato paµissutv±, yena ariµµho bhikkhu gaddhab±dhipubbo tenupasaŖkami; upasaŖkamitv± ariµµha½ bhikkhu½ gaddhab±dhipubba½ etadavoca– “satth± ta½, ±vuso ariµµha, ±mantet²”ti. “Evam±vuso”ti kho ariµµho bhikkhu gaddhab±dhipubbo tassa bhikkhuno paµissutv± yena bhagav± tenupasaŖkami; upasaŖkamitv± bhagavanta½ abhiv±detv± ekamanta½ nis²di. Ekamanta½ nisinna½ kho ariµµha½ bhikkhu½ gaddhab±dhipubba½ bhagav± etadavoca– “sacca½ kira te, ariµµha, evar³pa½ p±paka½ diµµhigata½ uppanna½– ‘tath±ha½ bhagavat± dhamma½ desita½ ±j±n±mi yath± yeme antar±yik± dhamm± vutt± bhagavat± te paµisevato n±la½ antar±y±y±”’ti?
“Eva½by±kho aha½, bhante, bhagavat± dhamma½ desita½ ±j±n±mi– ‘yath± yeme antar±yik± dhamm± vutt± bhagavat± te paµisevato n±la½ antar±y±y±”’ti. “Kassa kho n±ma tva½, moghapurisa, may± eva½ dhamma½ desita½ ±j±n±si? Nanu may±, moghapurisa, anekapariy±yena antar±yik± dhamm± antar±yik± vutt±? Alańca pana te paµisevato antar±y±ya. Appass±d± k±m± vutt± may±, bahudukkh± bahup±y±s±, ±d²navo ettha bhiyyo. AµµhikaŖkal³pam± k±m± vutt± may±… ma½sapes³pam± k±m± vutt± may±… tiŗukk³pam± k±m± vutt± may±… aŖg±rak±s³pam± k±m± vutt± may±… supinak³pam± k±m± vutt± may±… y±citak³pam± k±m± vutt± may±… rukkhaphal³pam± k±m± vutt± may±… asis³n³pam± k±m± vutt± may±… sattis³l³pam± k±m± vutt± may±… sappasir³pam± k±m± vutt± may±, bahudukkh± bahup±y±s±, ±d²navo ettha bhiyyo. Atha ca pana tva½, moghapurisa, attan± duggahitena amhe ceva abbh±cikkhasi, att±nańca khanasi, bahuńca apuńńa½ pasavasi. Tańhi te, moghapurisa, bhavissati d²gharatta½ ahit±ya dukkh±y±”ti.
Atha kho bhagav± bhikkh³ ±mantesi– “ta½ ki½ mańńatha, bhikkhave, api n±ya½ ariµµho bhikkhu gaddhab±dhipubbo usm²katopi imasmi½ dhammavinaye”ti? “Kińhi [ki½ti (ka.)] siy±, bhante; no heta½, bhante”ti. Eva½ vutte, ariµµho bhikkhu gaddhab±dhipubbo tuŗh²bh³to maŖkubh³to pattakkhandho adhomukho pajjh±yanto appaµibh±no nis²di. Atha kho bhagav± ariµµha½ bhikkhu½ gaddhab±dhipubba½ tuŗh²bh³ta½ maŖkubh³ta½ pattakkhandha½ adhomukha½ pajjh±yanta½ appaµibh±na½ viditv± ariµµha½ bhikkhu½ gaddhab±dhipubba½ etadavoca– “pańń±yissasi kho tva½, moghapurisa, etena sakena p±pakena diµµhigatena. Idh±ha½ bhikkh³ paµipucchiss±m²”ti.
237. Atha kho bhagav± bhikkh³ ±mantesi– “tumhepi me, bhikkhave eva½ dhamma½ desita½ ±j±n±tha yath±ya½ ariµµho bhikkhu gaddhab±dhipubbo attan± duggahitena amhe ceva abbh±cikkhati, att±nańca khanati, bahuńca apuńńa½ pasavat²”ti? “No heta½, bhante. Anekapariy±yena hi no, bhante, antar±yik± dhamm± antar±yik± vutt± bhagavat±; alańca pana te paµisevato antar±y±ya. Appass±d± k±m± vutt± bhagavat± bahudukkh± bahup±y±s±, ±d²navo ettha bhiyyo. AµµhikaŖkal³pam± k±m± vutt± bhagavat±…pe… sappasir³pam± k±m± vutt± bhagavat± bahudukkh± bahup±y±s± ±d²navo ettha bhiyyo”ti. “S±dhu s±dhu, bhikkhave, s±dhu, kho me tumhe, bhikkhave, eva½ dhamma½ desita½ ±j±n±tha. Anekapariy±yena hi kho, bhikkhave, antar±yik± dhamm± vutt± may±, alańca pana te paµisevato antar±y±ya. Appass±d± k±m± vutt± may± bahudukkh± bahup±y±s±, ±d²navo ettha bhiyyo. AµµhikaŖkal³pam± k±m± vutt± may±…pe… sappasir³pam± k±m± vutt± may±, bahudukkh± bahup±y±s±, ±d²navo ettha bhiyyo. Atha ca pan±ya½ ariµµho bhikkhu gaddhab±dhipubbo attan± duggahitena amhe ceva abbh±cikkhati, att±nańca khanati, bahuńca apuńńa½ pasavati. Tańhi tassa moghapurisassa bhavissati d²gharatta½ ahit±ya dukkh±ya. So vata, bhikkhave, ańńatreva k±mehi ańńatra k±masańń±ya ańńatra k±mavitakkehi k±me paµisevissat²ti– neta½ µh±na½ vijjati”.
238. “Idha, bhikkhave, ekacce moghapuris± dhamma½ pariy±puŗanti– sutta½, geyya½, veyy±karaŗa½, g±tha½, ud±na½, itivuttaka½, j±taka½, abbhutadhamma½, vedalla½. Te ta½ dhamma½ pariy±puŗitv± tesa½ dhamm±na½ pańń±ya attha½ na upaparikkhanti. Tesa½ te dhamm± pańń±ya attha½ anupaparikkhata½ na nijjh±na½ khamanti. Te up±rambh±nisa½s± ceva dhamma½ pariy±puŗanti itiv±dappamokkh±nisa½s± ca. Yassa catth±ya dhamma½ pariy±puŗanti tańcassa attha½ n±nubhonti. Tesa½ te dhamm± duggahit± d²gharatta½ ahit±ya dukkh±ya sa½vattanti. Ta½ kissa hetu? Duggahitatt±, bhikkhave, dhamm±na½.
“Seyyath±pi, bhikkhave, puriso alagaddatthiko alagaddagaves² alagaddapariyesana½ caram±no. So passeyya mahanta½ alagadda½. Tamena½ bhoge v± naŖguµµhe v± gaŗheyya. Tassa so alagaddo paµiparivattitv± [paµinivattitv± (sy±. ka.)] hatthe v± b±h±ya v± ańńatarasmi½ v± aŖgapaccaŖge ¹a½seyya [¹aseyya (s². p².)]. So tatonid±na½ maraŗa½ v± nigaccheyya maraŗamatta½ v± dukkha½. Ta½ kissa hetu? Duggahitatt±, bhikkhave, alagaddassa. Evameva kho, bhikkhave, idhekacce moghapuris± dhamma½ pariy±puŗanti– sutta½, geyya½, veyy±karaŗa½, g±tha½, ud±na½, itivuttaka½, j±taka½, abbhutadhamma½, vedalla½. Te ta½ dhamma½ pariy±puŗitv± tesa½ dhamm±na½ pańń±ya attha½ na upaparikkhanti. Tesa½ te dhamm± pańń±ya attha½ anupaparikkhata½ na nijjh±na½ khamanti. Te up±rambh±nisa½s± ceva dhamma½ pariy±puŗanti itiv±dappamokkh±nisa½s± ca. Yassa catth±ya dhamma½ pariy±puŗanti tańcassa attha½ n±nubhonti. Tesa½ te dhamm± duggahit± d²gharatta½ ahit±ya dukkh±ya sa½vattanti. Ta½ kissa hetu? Duggahitatt± bhikkhave dhamm±na½.