3. Mah±dukkhakkhandhasutta½

163. Eva½ me suta½– eka½ samaya½ bhagav± s±vatthiya½ viharati jetavane an±thapiº¹ikassa ±r±me. Atha kho sambahul± bhikkh³ pubbaºhasamaya½ niv±setv± pattac²varam±d±ya s±vatthi½ piº¹±ya p±visi½su. Atha kho tesa½ bhikkh³na½ etadahosi– “atippago kho t±va s±vatthiya½ piº¹±ya caritu½, ya½ n³na maya½ yena aññatitthiy±na½ paribb±jak±na½ ±r±mo tenupasaªkameyy±m±”ti. Atha kho te bhikkh³ yena aññatitthiy±na½ paribb±jak±na½ ±r±mo tenupasaªkami½su; upasaªkamitv± tehi aññatitthiyehi paribb±jakehi saddhi½ sammodi½su; sammodan²ya½ katha½ s±raº²ya½ v²tis±retv± ekamanta½ nis²di½su. Ekamanta½ nisinne kho te bhikkh³ te aññatitthiy± paribb±jak± etadavocu½– “samaºo, ±vuso, gotamo k±m±na½ pariñña½ paññapeti, mayampi k±m±na½ pariñña½ paññapema; samaºo, ±vuso, gotamo r³p±na½ pariñña½ paññapeti, mayampi r³p±na½ pariñña½ paññapema; samaºo, ±vuso, gotamo vedan±na½ pariñña½ paññapeti, mayampi vedan±na½ pariñña½ paññapema; idha no, ±vuso, ko viseso, ko adhippay±so, ki½ n±n±karaºa½ samaºassa v± gotamassa amh±ka½ v±– yadida½ dhammadesan±ya v± dhammadesana½, anus±saniy± v± anus±sanin”ti? Atha kho te bhikkh³ tesa½ aññatitthiy±na½ paribb±jak±na½ bh±sita½ neva abhinandi½su, nappaµikkosi½su; anabhinanditv± appaµikkositv± uµµh±y±san± pakkami½su– “bhagavato santike etassa bh±sitassa attha½ ±j±niss±m±”ti.
164. Atha kho te bhikkh³ s±vatthiya½ piº¹±ya caritv± pacch±bhatta½ piº¹ap±tapaµikkant± yena bhagav± tenupasaªkami½su; upasaªkamitv± bhagavanta½ abhiv±detv± ekamanta½ nis²di½su. Ekamanta½ nisinn± kho te bhikkh³ bhagavanta½ etadavocu½– “idha maya½, bhante, pubbaºhasamaya½ niv±setv± pattac²varam±d±ya s±vatthi½ piº¹±ya p±visimha. Tesa½ no, bhante, amh±ka½ etadahosi– ‘atippago kho t±va s±vatthiya½ piº¹±ya caritu½, ya½ n³na maya½ yena aññatitthiy±na½ paribb±jak±na½ ±r±mo tenupasaªkameyy±m±’ti. Atha kho maya½, bhante, yena aññatitthiy±na½ paribb±jak±na½ ±r±mo tenupasaªkamimha; upasaªkamitv± tehi aññatitthiyehi paribb±jakehi saddhi½ sammodimha; sammodan²ya½ katha½ s±raº²ya½ v²tis±retv± ekamanta½ nis²dimha. Ekamanta½ nisinne kho amhe, bhante, te aññatitthiy± paribb±jak± etadavocu½– ‘samaºo, ±vuso, gotamo k±m±na½ pariñña½ paññapeti, mayampi k±m±na½ pariñña½ paññapema Samaºo, ±vuso, gotamo r³p±na½ pariñña½ paññapeti, mayampi r³p±na½ pariñña½ paññapema. Samaºo, ±vuso, gotamo vedan±na½ pariñña½ paññapeti, mayampi vedan±na½ pariñña½ paññapema. Idha no, ±vuso, ko viseso, ko adhippay±so, ki½ n±n±karaºa½ samaºassa v± gotamassa amh±ka½ v±, yadida½ dhammadesan±ya v± dhammadesana½ anus±saniy± v± anus±sanin’ti. Atha kho maya½, bhante, tesa½ aññatitthiy±na½ paribb±jak±na½ bh±sita½ neva abhinandimha, nappaµikkosimha; anabhinanditv± appaµikkositv± uµµh±y±san± pakkamimha– ‘bhagavato santike etassa bh±sitassa attha½ ±j±niss±m±”’ti.
165. “Eva½v±dino, bhikkhave, aññatitthiy± paribb±jak± evamassu vacan²y±– ‘ko pan±vuso, k±m±na½ ass±do, ko ±d²navo, ki½ nissaraºa½? Ko r³p±na½ ass±do, ko ±d²navo, ki½ nissaraºa½? Ko vedan±na½ ass±do, ko ±d²navo, ki½ nissaraºan’ti? Eva½ puµµh±, bhikkhave, aññatitthiy± paribb±jak± na ceva samp±yissanti, uttariñca vigh±ta½ ±pajjissanti. Ta½ kissa hetu? Yath± ta½, bhikkhave, avisayasmi½. N±ha½ ta½, bhikkhave, pass±mi sadevake loke sam±rake sabrahmake sassamaºabr±hmaºiy± paj±ya sadevamanuss±ya yo imesa½ pañh±na½ veyy±karaºena citta½ ±r±dheyya, aññatra tath±gatena v± tath±gatas±vakena v±, ito v± pana sutv±.
166. “Ko ca, bhikkhave, k±m±na½ ass±do? Pañcime, bhikkhave, k±maguº±. Katame pañca? Cakkhuviññeyy± r³p± iµµh± kant± man±p± piyar³p± k±m³pasa½hit± rajan²y±, sotaviññeyy± sadd±…pe… gh±naviññeyy± gandh± jivh±viññeyy± ras±… k±yaviññeyy± phoµµhabb± iµµh± kant± man±p± piyar³p± k±m³pasa½hit± rajan²y±– ime kho, bhikkhave, pañca k±maguº±. Ya½ kho, bhikkhave, ime pañca k±maguºe paµicca uppajjati sukha½ somanassa½– aya½ k±m±na½ ass±do.
167. “Ko ca, bhikkhave, k±m±na½ ±d²navo? Idha, bhikkhave, kulaputto yena sippaµµh±nena j²vika½ kappeti– yadi mudd±ya yadi gaºan±ya yadi saªkh±nena [saªkh±ya (ka.)] yadi kasiy± yadi vaºijj±ya yadi gorakkhena yadi issatthena yadi r±japorisena yadi sippaññatarena– s²tassa purakkhato uºhassa purakkhato ¹a½samakasav±t±tapasar²½sapasamphassehi rissam±no [²rayam±no (ka.), samphassam±no (c³¼ani. khaggavis±ºasutta 136)] khuppip±s±ya m²yam±no; ayampi, bhikkhave, k±m±na½ ±d²navo sandiµµhiko, dukkhakkhandho k±mahetu k±manid±na½ k±m±dhikaraºa½ k±m±nameva hetu.
“Tassa ce, bhikkhave, kulaputtassa eva½ uµµhahato ghaµato v±yamato te bhog± n±bhinipphajjanti. So socati kilamati paridevati uratt±¼i½ kandati, sammoha½ ±pajjati– ‘mogha½ vata me uµµh±na½, aphalo vata me v±y±mo’ti. Ayampi, bhikkhave, k±m±na½ ±d²navo sandiµµhiko dukkhakkhandho k±mahetu k±manid±na½ k±m±dhikaraºa½ k±m±nameva hetu.
“Tassa ce, bhikkhave, kulaputtassa eva½ uµµhahato ghaµato v±yamato te bhog± abhinipphajjanti. So tesa½ bhog±na½ ±rakkh±dhikaraºa½ dukkha½ domanassa½ paµisa½vedeti– ‘kinti me bhoge neva r±j±no hareyyu½, na cor± hareyyu½, na aggi daheyya, na udaka½ vaheyya [v±heyya (ka.)], na appiy± d±y±d± hareyyun’ti. Tassa eva½ ±rakkhato gopayato te bhoge r±j±no v± haranti, cor± v± haranti, aggi v± dahati, udaka½ v± vahati, appiy± v± d±y±d± haranti. So socati kilamati paridevati uratt±¼i½ kandati, sammoha½ ±pajjati– ‘yampi me ahosi tampi no natth²’ti. Ayampi, bhikkhave, k±m±na½ ±d²navo sandiµµhiko, dukkhakkhandho k±mahetu k±manid±na½ k±m±dhikaraºa½ k±m±nameva hetu.
168. “Puna capara½, bhikkhave, k±mahetu k±manid±na½ k±m±dhikaraºa½ k±m±nameva hetu r±j±nopi r±j³hi vivadanti, khattiy±pi khattiyehi vivadanti br±hmaº±pi br±hmaºehi vivadanti, gahapat²pi gahapat²hi vivadanti, m±t±pi puttena vivadati, puttopi m±tar± vivadati, pit±pi puttena vivadati, puttopi pitar± vivadati, bh±t±pi bh±tar± vivadati, bh±t±pi bhaginiy± vivadati, bhagin²pi bh±tar± vivadati, sah±yopi sah±yena vivadati. Te tattha kalahaviggahaviv±d±pann± aññamañña½ p±º²hipi upakkamanti, le¹¹³hipi upakkamanti, daº¹ehipi upakkamanti, satthehipi upakkamanti. Te tattha maraºampi nigacchanti, maraºamattampi dukkha½ Ayampi, bhikkhave, k±m±na½ ±d²navo sandiµµhiko, dukkhakkhandho k±mahetu k±manid±na½ k±m±dhikaraºa½ k±m±nameva hetu.
“Puna capara½, bhikkhave, k±mahetu k±manid±na½ k±m±dhikaraºa½ k±m±nameva hetu asicamma½ gahetv±, dhanukal±pa½ sannayhitv±, ubhatoby³¼ha½ saªg±ma½ pakkhandanti us³supi khippam±nesu satt²supi khippam±n±su, as²supi vijjotalantesu. Te tattha us³hipi vijjhanti, sattiy±pi vijjhanti, asin±pi s²sa½ chindanti. Te tattha maraºampi nigacchanti, maraºamattampi dukkha½. Ayampi, bhikkhave, k±m±na½ ±d²navo sandiµµhiko, dukkhakkhandho k±mahetu k±manid±na½ k±m±dhikaraºa½ k±m±nameva hetu.
“Puna capara½, bhikkhave, k±mahetu k±manid±na½ k±m±dhikaraºa½ k±m±nameva hetu asicamma½ gahetv±, dhanukal±pa½ sannayhitv±, add±valepan± [aµµ±valepan± (sy±. ka.)] upak±riyo pakkhandanti us³supi khippam±nesu, satt²supi khippam±n±su as²supi vijjotalantesu. Te tattha us³hipi vijjhanti, sattiy±pi vijjhanti, chakaºak±yapi [pakaµµhiy±pi (s².)] osiñcanti, abhivaggenapi omaddanti, asin±pi s²sa½ chindanti. Te tattha maraºampi nigacchanti, maraºamattampi dukkha½. Ayampi, bhikkhave, k±m±na½ ±d²navo sandiµµhiko, dukkhakkhandho k±mahetu k±manid±na½ k±m±dhikaraºa½ k±m±nameva hetu.
169. “Puna capara½, bhikkhave, k±mahetu k±manid±na½ k±m±dhikaraºa½ k±m±nameva hetu sandhimpi chindanti, nillopampi haranti, ek±g±rikampi karonti, paripanthepi tiµµhanti, parad±rampi gacchanti. Tamena½ r±j±no gahetv± vividh± kammak±raº± k±renti– kas±hipi t±¼enti, vettehipi t±¼enti, a¹¹hadaº¹akehipi t±¼enti; hatthampi chindanti, p±dampi chindanti, hatthap±dampi chindanti, kaººampi chindanti, n±sampi chindanti, kaººan±sampi chindanti; bilaªgath±likampi karonti saªkhamuº¹ikampi karonti, r±humukhampi karonti, jotim±likampi karonti, hatthapajjotikampi karonti, erakavattikampi karonti, c²rakav±sikampi karonti, eºeyyakampi karonti, ba¼isama½sikampi karonti, kah±paºikampi karonti, kh±r±patacchikampi karonti, palighaparivattikampi karonti, pal±lap²µhakampi karonti, tattenapi telena osiñcanti, sunakhehipi kh±d±penti, j²vantampi s³le utt±senti, asin±pi s²sa½ chindanti Te tattha maraºampi nigacchanti, maraºamattampi dukkha½. Ayampi, bhikkhave, k±m±na½ ±d²navo sandiµµhiko, dukkhakkhandho k±mahetu k±manid±na½ k±m±dhikaraºa½ k±m±nameva hetu.
“Puna capara½, bhikkhave, k±mahetu k±manid±na½ k±m±dhikaraºa½ k±m±nameva hetu k±yena duccarita½ caranti, v±c±ya duccarita½ caranti, manas± duccarita½ caranti. Te k±yena duccarita½ caritv±, v±c±ya duccarita½ caritv±, manas± duccarita½ caritv±, k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± ap±ya½ duggati½ vinip±ta½ niraya½ upapajjanti. Ayampi, bhikkhave, k±m±na½ ±d²navo sampar±yiko, dukkhakkhandho k±mahetu k±manid±na½ k±m±dhikaraºa½ k±m±nameva hetu.
170. “Kiñca, bhikkhave, k±m±na½ nissaraºa½? Yo kho, bhikkhave, k±mesu chandar±gavinayo chandar±gappah±na½– ida½ k±m±na½ nissaraºa½.
“Ye hi keci, bhikkhave, samaº± v± br±hmaº± v± eva½ k±m±na½ ass±dañca ass±dato ±d²navañca ±d²navato nissaraºañca nissaraºato yath±bh³ta½ nappaj±nanti te vata s±ma½ v± k±me parij±nissanti, para½ v± tathatt±ya sam±dapessanti yath± paµipanno k±me parij±nissat²ti– neta½ µh±na½ vijjati. Ye ca kho keci, bhikkhave, samaº± v± br±hmaº± v± eva½ k±m±na½ ass±dañca ass±dato ±d²navañca ±d²navato nissaraºañca nissaraºato yath±bh³ta½ paj±nanti, te vata s±ma½ v± k±me parij±nissanti para½ v± tathatt±ya sam±dapessantntti yath± paµipanno k±me parij±nissat²ti– µh±nameta½ vijjati.
171. “Ko ca, bhikkhave, r³p±na½ ass±do? Seyyath±pi, bhikkhave, khattiyakaññ± v± br±hmaºakaññ± v± gahapatikaññ± v± pannarasavassuddesik± v± so¼asavassuddesik± v±, n±tid²gh± n±tirass± n±tikis± n±tith³l± n±tik±¼² n±ccod±t± param± s±, bhikkhave, tasmi½ samaye subh± vaººanibh±ti? ‘Eva½, bhante’. Ya½ kho, bhikkhave, subha½ vaººanibha½ paµicca uppajjati sukha½ somanassa½– aya½ r³p±na½ ass±do.
“Ko ca, bhikkhave, r³p±na½ ±d²navo? Idha, bhikkhave, tameva bhagini½ passeyya aparena samayena ±s²tika½ v± n±vutika½ v± vassasatika½ v± j±tiy±, jiººa½ gop±nasivaªka½ bhogga½ daº¹apar±yana½ pavedham±na½ gacchanti½ ±tura½ gatayobbana½ khaº¹adanta½ [khaº¹adanti½ (s². p².)] palitakesa½ [palitakesi½], vil³na½ khalitasira½ valina½ tilak±hatagatta½ [tilak±hatagatti½ (bah³su) aµµhakath± µ²k± oloketabb±]. Ta½ ki½ maññatha, bhikkhave, y± purim± subh± vaººanibh± s± antarahit±, ±d²navo p±tubh³toti? ‘Eva½, bhante’. Ayampi, bhikkhave, r³p±na½ ±d²navo.
“Puna capara½, bhikkhave, tameva bhagini½ passeyya ±b±dhika½ dukkhita½ b±¼hagil±na½, sake muttakar²se palipanna½ sem±na½ [seyyam±na½ (ka.)], aññehi vuµµh±piyam±na½, aññehi sa½vesiyam±na½. Ta½ ki½ maññatha, bhikkhave, y± purim± subh± vaººanibh± s± antarahit±, ±d²navo p±tubh³toti? ‘Eva½, bhante’. Ayampi, bhikkhave, r³p±na½ ±d²navo.
172. “Puna capara½, bhikkhave, tameva bhagini½ passeyya sar²ra½ sivathik±ya cha¹¹ita½– ek±hamata½ v± dv²hamata½ v± t²hamata½ v±, uddhum±taka½ vin²laka½ vipubbakaj±ta½. Ta½ ki½ maññatha, bhikkhave, y± purim± subh± vaººanibh± s± antarahit±, ±d²navo p±tubh³toti? ‘Eva½, bhante’. Ayampi, bhikkhave, r³p±na½ ±d²navo.
“Puna capara½, bhikkhave, tameva bhagini½ passeyya sar²ra½ sivathik±ya cha¹¹ita½– k±kehi v± khajjam±na½, kulalehi v± khajjam±na½, gijjhehi v± khajjam±na½, kaªkehi v± khajjam±na½, sunakhehi v± khajjam±na½, byagghehi v± khajjam±na½, d²p²hi v± khajjam±na½, siªg±lehi v± khajjam±na½, vividhehi v± p±ºakaj±tehi khajjam±na½. Ta½ ki½ maññatha, bhikkhave y± purim± subh± vaººanibh± s± antarahit±, ±d²navo p±tubh³toti? ‘Eva½, bhante’. Ayampi, bhikkhave, r³p±na½ ±d²navo.
“Puna capara½, bhikkhave, tameva bhagini½ passeyya sar²ra½ sivathik±ya cha¹¹ita½– aµµhikasaªkhalika½ sama½salohita½ nh±rusambandha½, aµµhikasaªkhalika½ nima½salohitamakkhita½ nh±rusambandha½, aµµhikasaªkhalika½ apagatama½salohita½ nh±rusambandha½, aµµhik±ni apagatasambandh±ni dis±vidis±vikkhitt±ni– aññena hatthaµµhika½, aññena p±daµµhika½, aññena gopphakaµµhika½, aññena jaªghaµµhika½, aññena ³ruµµhika½, aññena kaµiµµhika½, aññena ph±sukaµµhika½, aññena piµµhiµµhika½, aññena khandhaµµhika½, aññena g²vaµµhika½, aññena hanukaµµhika½, aññena dantaµµhika½, aññena s²sakaµ±ha½. Ta½ ki½ maññatha, bhikkhave, y± purim± subh± vaººanibh± s± antarahit±, ±d²navo p±tubh³toti? ‘Eva½, bhante’. Ayampi, bhikkhave, r³p±na½ ±d²navo.
“Puna capara½, bhikkhave, tameva bhagini½ passeyya sar²ra½ sivathik±ya cha¹¹ita½– aµµhik±ni set±ni saªkhavaººapaµibh±g±ni, aµµhik±ni puñjakit±ni terovassik±ni, aµµhik±ni p³t²ni cuººakaj±t±ni. Ta½ ki½ maññatha, bhikkhave, y± purim± subh± vaººanibh± s± antarahit±, ±d²navo p±tubh³toti? ‘Eva½, bhante’. Ayampi, bhikkhave, r³p±na½ ±d²navo.
“Kiñca, bhikkhave, r³p±na½ nissaraºa½? Yo, bhikkhave, r³pesu chandar±gavinayo chandar±gappah±na½– ida½ r³p±na½ nissaraºa½.
“Ye hi keci, bhikkhave, samaº± v± br±hmaº± v± eva½ r³p±na½ ass±dañca ass±dato ±d²navañca ±d²navato nissaraºañca nissaraºato yath±bh³ta½ nappaj±nanti te vata s±ma½ v± r³pe parij±nissanti, para½ v± tathatt±ya sam±dapessanti yath± paµipanno r³pe parij±nissat²ti– neta½ µh±na½ vijjati. Ye ca kho keci, bhikkhave, samaº± v± br±hmaº± v± eva½ r³p±na½ ass±dañca ass±dato ±d²navañca ±d²navato nissaraºañca nissaraºato yath±bh³ta½ paj±nanti te vata s±ma½ v± r³pe parij±nissanti para½ v± tathatt±ya sam±dapessanti yath± paµipanno r³pe parij±nissat²ti µh±nameta½ vijjati.
173. “Ko ca, bhikkhave, vedan±na½ ass±do? Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu vivicceva k±mehi vivicca akusalehi dhammehi savitakka½ savic±ra½ vivekaja½ p²tisukha½ paµhama½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharati. Yasmi½ samaye, bhikkhave, bhikkhu vivicceva k±mehi vivicca akusalehi dhammehi savitakka½ savic±ra½ vivekaja½ p²tisukha½ paµhama½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharati, neva tasmi½ samaye attaby±b±dh±yapi ceteti, na paraby±b±dh±yapi ceteti, na ubhayaby±b±dh±yapi ceteti aby±bajjha½yeva tasmi½ samaye vedana½ vedeti. Aby±bajjhaparam±ha½, bhikkhave, vedan±na½ ass±da½ vad±mi.
“Puna capara½, bhikkhave, bhikkhu vitakkavic±r±na½ v³pasam± ajjhatta½ sampas±dana½ cetaso ekodibh±va½ avitakka½ avic±ra½ sam±dhija½ p²tisukha½ dutiya½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharati…pe… yasmi½ samaye, bhikkhave, bhikkhu p²tiy± ca vir±g±, upekkhako ca viharati, sato ca sampaj±no sukhañca k±yena paµisa½vedeti ya½ ta½ ariy± ±cikkhanti– ‘upekkhako satim± sukhavih±r²’ti tatiya½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharati…pe… yasmi½ samaye, bhikkhave, bhikkhu sukhassa ca pah±n± dukkhassa ca pah±n± pubbeva somanassadomanass±na½ atthaªgam± adukkhamasukha½ upekkh±satip±risuddhi½ catuttha½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharati, neva tasmi½ samaye attaby±b±dh±yapi ceteti, na paraby±b±dh±yapi ceteti, na ubhayaby±b±dh±yapi ceteti; aby±bajjha½yeva tasmi½ samaye vedana½ vedeti. Aby±bajjhaparam±ha½, bhikkhave, vedan±na½ ass±da½ vad±mi.
174. “Ko ca, bhikkhave, vedan±na½ ±d²navo? Ya½, bhikkhave, vedan± anicc± dukkh± vipariº±madhamm±– aya½ vedan±na½ ±d²navo.
“Kiñca, bhikkhave, vedan±na½ nissaraºa½? Yo, bhikkhave, vedan±su chandar±gavinayo, chandar±gappah±na½– ida½ vedan±na½ nissaraºa½.
“Ye hi keci, bhikkhave, samaº± v± br±hmaº± v± eva½ vedan±na½ ass±dañca ass±dato ±d²navañca ±d²navato nissaraºañca nissaraºato yath±bh³ta½ nappaj±nanti, te vata s±ma½ v± vedana½ parij±nissanti, para½ v± tathatt±ya sam±dapessanti yath± paµipanno vedana½ parij±nissat²ti– neta½ µh±na½ vijjati. Ye ca kho keci, bhikkhave, samaº± v± br±hmaº± v± eva½ vedan±na½ ass±dañca ass±dato ±d²navañca ±d²navato nissaraºañca nissaraºato yath±bh³ta½ paj±nanti te vata s±ma½ v± vedana½ parij±nissanti, para½ v± tathatt±ya sam±dapessanti yath± paµipanno vedana½ parij±nissat²ti– µh±nameta½ vijjat²”ti.
Idamavoca bhagav±. Attaman± te bhikkh³ bhagavato bh±sita½ abhinandunti.

Mah±dukkhakkhandhasutta½ niµµhita½ tatiya½.