9. Samm±diµµhisutta½

89. Eva½ me suta½– eka½ samaya½ bhagav± s±vatthiya½ viharati jetavane an±thapiŗ¹ikassa ±r±me. Tatra kho ±yasm± s±riputto bhikkh³ ±mantesi– “±vuso bhikkhave”ti. “¾vuso”ti kho te bhikkh³ ±yasmato s±riputtassa paccassosu½. ¾yasm± s±riputto etadavoca–
“‘Samm±diµµhi [samm±diµµh² (s². sy±.)] samm±diµµh²’ti, ±vuso, vuccati. Kitt±vat± nu kho, ±vuso, ariyas±vako samm±diµµhi hoti, ujugat±ssa diµµhi, dhamme aveccappas±dena samann±gato, ±gato ima½ saddhamman”ti?
“D³ratopi kho maya½, ±vuso, ±gaccheyy±ma ±yasmato s±riputtassa santike etassa bh±sitassa atthamańń±tu½. S±dhu vat±yasmanta½yeva s±riputta½ paµibh±tu etassa bh±sitassa attho. ¾yasmato s±riputtassa sutv± bhikkh³ dh±ressant²”ti. “Tena hi, ±vuso, suŗ±tha, s±dhuka½ manasi karotha, bh±siss±m²”ti. “Evam±vuso”ti kho te bhikkh³ ±yasmato s±riputtassa paccassosu½. ¾yasm± s±riputto etadavoca–
“Yato kho, ±vuso, ariyas±vako akusalańca paj±n±ti, akusalam³lańca paj±n±ti, kusalańca paj±n±ti, kusalam³lańca paj±n±ti ett±vat±pi kho, ±vuso, ariyas±vako samm±diµµhi hoti, ujugat±ssa diµµhi, dhamme aveccappas±dena samann±gato, ±gato ima½ saddhamma½. Katama½ pan±vuso, akusala½, katama½ akusalam³la½, katama½ kusala½, katama½ kusalam³la½? P±ŗ±tip±to kho, ±vuso, akusala½, adinn±d±na½ akusala½, k±mesumicch±c±ro akusala½, mus±v±do akusala½, pisuŗ± v±c± [pisuŗav±c± (ka.)] akusala½, pharus± v±c± [pharusav±c± (ka.)] akusala½, samphappal±po akusala½, abhijjh± akusala½, by±p±do akusala½, micch±diµµhi akusala½– ida½ vuccat±vuso akusala½. Katamańc±vuso, akusalam³la½? Lobho akusalam³la½, doso akusalam³la½, moho akusalam³la½– ida½ vuccat±vuso, akusalam³la½.
“Katamańc±vuso kusala½? P±ŗ±tip±t± veramaŗ² kusala½, adinn±d±n± veramaŗ² kusala½, k±mesumicch±c±r± veramaŗ² kusala½, mus±v±d± veramaŗ² kusala½, pisuŗ±ya v±c±ya veramaŗ² kusala½, pharus±ya v±c±ya veramaŗ² kusala½, samphappal±p± veramaŗ² kusala½, anabhijjh± kusala½, aby±p±do kusala½, samm±diµµhi kusala½– ida½ vuccat±vuso, kusala½. Katamańc±vuso, kusalam³la½? Alobho kusalam³la½, adoso kusalam³la½, amoho kusalam³la½– ida½ vuccat±vuso, kusalam³la½.
“Yato kho, ±vuso, ariyas±vako eva½ akusala½ paj±n±ti, eva½ akusalam³la½ paj±n±ti, eva½ kusala½ paj±n±ti, eva½ kusalam³la½ paj±n±ti, so sabbaso r±g±nusaya½ pah±ya, paµigh±nusaya½ paµivinodetv±, ‘asm²’ti diµµhim±n±nusaya½ sam³hanitv±, avijja½ pah±ya vijja½ upp±detv±, diµµhevadhamme dukkhassantakaro hoti– ett±vat±pi kho, ±vuso, ariyas±vako samm±diµµhi hoti, ujugat±ssa diµµhi, dhamme aveccappas±dena samann±gato, ±gato ima½ saddhamman”ti.
90. “S±dh±vuso”ti kho te bhikkh³ ±yasmato s±riputtassa bh±sita½ abhinanditv± anumoditv± ±yasmanta½ s±riputta½ uttari [uttari½ (s². sy±. p².)] pańha½ apucchu½ [apucchi½su (sy±.)]– “siy± pan±vuso, ańńopi pariy±yo yath± ariyas±vako samm±diµµhi hoti, ujugat±ssa diµµhi, dhamme aveccappas±dena samann±gato, ±gato ima½ saddhamman”ti?
“Siy±, ±vuso. Yato kho, ±vuso, ariyas±vako ±h±rańca paj±n±ti, ±h±rasamudayańca paj±n±ti, ±h±ranirodhańca paj±n±ti, ±h±ranirodhag±mini½ paµipadańca paj±n±ti– ett±vat±pi kho, ±vuso, ariyas±vako samm±diµµhi hoti, ujugat±ssa diµµhi, dhamme aveccappas±dena samann±gato, ±gato ima½ saddhamma½. Katamo pan±vuso, ±h±ro, katamo ±h±rasamudayo, katamo ±h±ranirodho, katam± ±h±ranirodhag±min² paµipad±? Catt±rome, ±vuso, ±h±r± bh³t±na½ v± satt±na½ µhitiy±, sambhaves²na½ v± anuggah±ya. Katame catt±ro? Kaba¼²k±ro ±h±ro o¼±riko v± sukhumo v±, phasso dutiyo, manosańcetan± tatiy±, vińń±ŗa½ catuttha½. Taŗh±samuday± ±h±rasamudayo, taŗh±nirodh± ±h±ranirodho, ayameva ariyo aµµhaŖgiko maggo ±h±ranirodhag±min² paµipad±, seyyathida½– samm±diµµhi samm±saŖkappo samm±v±c± samm±kammanto samm±-±j²vo samm±v±y±mo samm±sati samm±sam±dhi’.
“Yato kho, ±vuso, ariyas±vako eva½ ±h±ra½ paj±n±ti, eva½ ±h±rasamudaya½ paj±n±ti, eva½ ±h±ranirodha½ paj±n±ti, eva½ ±h±ranirodhag±mini½ paµipada½ paj±n±ti, so sabbaso r±g±nusaya½ pah±ya, paµigh±nusaya½ paµivinodetv±, ‘asm²’ti diµµhim±n±nusaya½ sam³hanitv±, avijja½ pah±ya vijja½ upp±detv±, diµµhevadhamme dukkhassantakaro hoti– ett±vat±pi kho, ±vuso, ariyas±vako samm±diµµhi hoti, ujugat±ssa diµµhi, dhamme aveccappas±dena samann±gato, ±gato ima½ saddhamman”ti.
91. “S±dh±vuso”ti kho te bhikkh³ ±yasmato s±riputtassa bh±sita½ abhinanditv± anumoditv± ±yasmanta½ s±riputta½ uttari pańha½ apucchu½– “siy± pan±vuso, ańńopi pariy±yo yath± ariyas±vako samm±diµµhi hoti, ujugat±ssa diµµhi, dhamme aveccappas±dena samann±gato, ±gato ima½ saddhamman”ti?
“Siy±, ±vuso. Yato kho, ±vuso, ariyas±vako dukkhańca paj±n±ti, dukkhasamudayańca paj±n±ti, dukkhanirodhańca paj±n±ti, dukkhanirodhag±mini½ paµipadańca paj±n±ti– ett±vat±pi kho, ±vuso, ariyas±vako samm±diµµhi hoti, ujugat±ssa diµµhi, dhamme aveccappas±dena samann±gato, ±gato ima½ saddhamma½. Katama½ pan±vuso, dukkha½, katamo dukkhasamudayo, katamo dukkhanirodho, katam± dukkhanirodhag±min² paµipad±? J±tipi dukkh±, jar±pi dukkh±, maraŗampi dukkha½, sokaparidevadukkhadomanassup±y±s±pi dukkh±, appiyehi sampayogopi dukkho, piyehi vippayogopi dukkho, yampiccha½ na labhati tampi dukkha½, sa½khittena pańcup±d±nakkhandh± [pańcup±d±nakkhandh±pi (ka.)] dukkh±– ida½ vuccat±vuso, dukkha½. Katamo c±vuso, dukkhasamudayo? Y±ya½ taŗh± ponobbhavik± nand²r±gasahagat± [ponobhavik± (s². p².)] tatratatr±bhinandin² [nandir±gasahagat± (s². p².)], seyyathida½, k±mataŗh± bhavataŗh± vibhavataŗh±– aya½ vuccat±vuso, dukkhasamudayo. Katamo c±vuso, dukkhanirodho? Yo tass±yeva taŗh±ya asesavir±ganirodho c±go paµinissaggo mutti an±layo– aya½ vuccat±vuso, dukkhanirodho. Katam± c±vuso, dukkhanirodhag±min² paµipad±? Ayameva ariyo aµµhaŖgiko maggo, seyyathida½, samm±diµµhi…pe… samm±sam±dhi– aya½ vuccat±vuso, dukkhanirodhag±min² paµipad±.
“Yato kho, ±vuso, ariyas±vako eva½ dukkha½ paj±n±ti, eva½ dukkhasamudaya½ paj±n±ti, eva½ dukkhanirodha½ paj±n±ti, eva½ dukkhanirodhag±mini½ paµipada½ paj±n±ti, so sabbaso r±g±nusaya½ pah±ya, paµigh±nusaya½ paµivinodetv±, ‘asm²’ti diµµhim±n±nusaya½ sam³hanitv±, avijja½ pah±ya vijja½ upp±detv±, diµµhevadhamme dukkhassantakaro hoti– ett±vat±pi kho, ±vuso, ariyas±vako samm±diµµhi hoti, ujugat±ssa diµµhi, dhamme aveccappas±dena samann±gato, ±gato ima½ saddhamman”ti.
92. “S±dh±vuso”ti kho te bhikkh³ ±yasmato s±riputtassa bh±sita½ abhinanditv± anumoditv± ±yasmanta½ s±riputta½ uttari pańha½ apucchu½– “siy± pan±vuso, ańńopi pariy±yo yath± ariyas±vako samm±diµµhi hoti, ujugat±ssa diµµhi, dhamme aveccappas±dena samann±gato, ±gato ima½ saddhamman”ti?
“Siy±, ±vuso. Yato kho, ±vuso, ariyas±vako jar±maraŗańca paj±n±ti, jar±maraŗasamudayańca paj±n±ti, jar±maraŗanirodhańca paj±n±ti, jar±maraŗanirodhag±mini½ paµipadańca paj±n±ti– ett±vat±pi kho, ±vuso, ariyas±vako samm±diµµhi hoti, ujugat±ssa diµµhi, dhamme aveccappas±dena samann±gato, ±gato ima½ saddhamma½. Katama½ pan±vuso, jar±maraŗa½, katamo jar±maraŗasamudayo, katamo jar±maraŗanirodho, katam± jar±maraŗanirodhag±min² paµipad±? Y± tesa½ tesa½ satt±na½ tamhi tamhi sattanik±ye jar± j²raŗat± khaŗ¹icca½ p±licca½ valittacat± ±yuno sa½h±ni indriy±na½ parip±ko– aya½ vuccat±vuso, jar±. Katamańc±vuso, maraŗa½? Y± [ya½ (p². ka.), satipaµµh±nasuttepi] tesa½ tesa½ satt±na½ tamh± tamh± sattanik±y± cuti cavanat± bhedo antaradh±na½ maccu maraŗa½ k±la½kiriy± khandh±na½ bhedo, ka¼evarassa nikkhepo, j²vitindriyassupacchedo– ida½ vuccat±vuso, maraŗa½. Iti ayańca jar± idańca maraŗa½– ida½ vuccat±vuso, jar±maraŗa½. J±tisamuday± jar±maraŗasamudayo, j±tinirodh± jar±maraŗanirodho, ayameva ariyo aµµhaŖgiko maggo jar±maraŗanirodhag±min² paµipad±, seyyathida½– samm±diµµhi…pe… samm±sam±dhi.
“Yato kho, ±vuso, ariyas±vako eva½ jar±maraŗa½ paj±n±ti, eva½ jar±maraŗasamuda½ paj±n±ti, eva½ jar±maraŗanirodha½ paj±n±ti, eva½ jar±maraŗanirodhag±mini½ paµipada½ paj±n±ti, so sabbaso r±g±nusaya½ pah±ya…pe… dukkhassantakaro hoti– ett±vat±pi kho, ±vuso, ariyas±vako samm±diµµhi hoti, ujugat±ssa diµµhi, dhamme aveccappas±dena samann±gato, ±gato ima½ saddhamman”ti.
93. “S±dh±vuso”ti kho…pe… apucchu½– siy± pan±vuso…pe… “siy±, ±vuso. Yato kho, ±vuso, ariyas±vako j±tińca paj±n±ti, j±tisamudayańca paj±n±ti, j±tinirodhańca paj±n±ti, j±tinirodhag±mini½ paµipadańca paj±n±ti– ett±vat±pi kho, ±vuso, ariyas±vako samm±diµµhi hoti, ujugat±ssa diµµhi, dhamme aveccappas±dena samann±gato, ±gato ima½ saddhamma½. Katam± pan±vuso, j±ti, katamo j±tisamudayo, katamo j±tinirodho, katam± j±tinirodhag±min² paµipad±? Y± tesa½ tesa½ satt±na½ tamhi tamhi sattanik±ye j±ti sańj±ti okkanti abhinibbatti khandh±na½ p±tubh±vo, ±yatan±na½ paµil±bho– aya½ vuccat±vuso, j±ti. Bhavasamuday± j±tisamudayo, bhavanirodh± j±tinirodho, ayameva ariyo aµµhaŖgiko maggo j±tinirodhag±min² paµipad±, seyyathida½– samm±diµµhi…pe… samm±sam±dhi.
“Yato kho, ±vuso, ariyas±vako eva½ j±ti½ paj±n±ti, eva½ j±tisamudaya½ paj±n±ti, eva½ j±tinirodha½ paj±n±ti, eva½ j±tinirodhag±mini½ paµipada½ paj±n±ti, so sabbaso r±g±nusaya½ pah±ya…pe… dukkhassantakaro hoti– ett±vat±pi kho, ±vuso, ariyas±vako samm±diµµhi hoti, ujugat±ssa diµµhi, dhamme aveccappas±dena samann±gato, ±gato ima½ saddhamman”ti.
94. “S±dh±vuso”ti kho…pe… apucchu½– siy± pan±vuso…pe… “siy±, ±vuso. Yato kho, ±vuso, ariyas±vako bhavańca paj±n±ti, bhavasamudayańca paj±n±ti, bhavanirodhańca paj±n±ti, bhavanirodhag±mini½ paµipadańca paj±n±ti– ett±vat±pi kho, ±vuso, ariyas±vako samm±diµµhi hoti, ujugat±ssa diµµhi, dhamme aveccappas±dena samann±gato, ±gato ima½ saddhamma½. Katamo pan±vuso, bhavo, katamo bhavasamudayo, katamo bhavanirodho, katam± bhavanirodhag±min² paµipad±? Tayome, ±vuso, bhav±– k±mabhavo, r³pabhavo, ar³pabhavo. Up±d±nasamuday± bhavasamudayo, up±d±nanirodh± bhavanirodho, ayameva ariyo aµµhaŖgiko maggo bhavanirodhag±min² paµipad±, seyyathida½– samm±diµµhi…pe… samm±sam±dhi.