Dukkarak±rik±disuddhivaººan±

155. “Abhij±n±mi kho pan±ha½, s±riputta, caturaªgasamann±gatan”ti ida½ kasm± ±raddha½? P±µiyekka½ anusandhivasena ±raddha½. Aya½ kira sunakkhatto dukkarak±rik±ya suddhi hot²ti eva½ laddhiko. Athassa bhagav± may± ekasmi½ attabh±ve µhatv± caturaªgasamann±gata½ dukkara½ kata½, dukkarak±rako n±ma may± sadiso natthi. Dukkarak±rena suddhiy± sati ahameva suddho bhaveyyanti dassetu½ ima½ desana½ ±rabhi. Apica aya½ sunakkhatto dukkarak±rik±ya pasanno, so cassa pasannabh±vo, “addas± kho, bhaggava, sunakkhatto licchaviputto acela½ korakkhattiya½ catukkuº¹ika½ cham±nikiººa½ bhakkhasa½ mukhena kh±danta½ mukhena bhuñjanta½. Disv±nassa etadahosi ‘s±dhu r³po vata, bho, aya½ samaºo catukkuº¹iko cham±nikiººa½ bhakkhasa½ mukheneva kh±dati, mukheneva bhuñjat²”’ti evam±din± p±thikasutte (d². ni. 3.7) ±gatanayena veditabbo.
Atha bhagav± aya½ dukkarak±rik±ya pasanno, may± ca etasmi½ attabh±ve µhatv± caturaªgasamann±gata½ dukkara½ kata½, dukkarak±re pas²danten±pi anena mayi pas²ditabba½ siy±, sopissa pas±do mayi natth²ti dassento ima½ desana½ ±rabhi.
Tatra brahmacariyanti d±nampi veyy±vaccampi sikkh±padampi brahmavih±r±pi dhammadesan±pi methunaviratipi sad±rasantosopi uposathopi ariyamaggopi sakalas±sanampi ajjh±sayopi v²riyampi vuccati.
“Ki½ te vata½ ki½ pana brahmacariya½,
kissa suciººassa aya½ vip±ko;
iddh² jut² balav²riy³papatti,
idañca te n±ga mah±vim±na½.
Ahañca bhariy± ca manussaloke,
saddh± ubho d±napat² ahumh±;
op±nabh³ta½ me ghara½ tad±si,
santappit± samaºabr±hmaº± ca.
Ta½ me vata½ ta½ pana brahmacariya½,
tassa suciººassa aya½ vip±ko;
iddh² jut² balav²riy³papatti,
idañca me dh²ra mah±vim±nan”ti. (J±. 2.22.1592, 1593, 1595)–

Imasmiñhi puººakaj±take d±na½ brahmacariyanti vutta½.

“Kena p±ºi k±madado, kena p±ºi madhussavo;
kena te brahmacariyena, puñña½ p±ºimhi ijjhati.
Tena p±ºi k±madado, tena p±ºi madhussavo;
tena me brahmacariyena, puñña½ p±ºimhi ijjhat²”ti. (Pe va. 275)–

Imasmi½ aªkurapetavatthusmi½ veyy±vacca½ brahmacariyanti vutta½. “Eva½ kho ta½, bhikkhave, tittiriya½ n±ma brahmacariya½ ahos²”ti (c³¼ava. 311) imasmi½ tittiraj±take pañcasikkh±pada½ brahmacariyanti vutta½. “Ta½ kho pana me pañcasikha brahmacariya½ neva nibbid±ya na vir±g±ya na nirodh±ya, y±vadeva brahmalok³papattiy±”ti (d². ni. 2.329) imasmi½ mah±govindasutte brahmavih±r± brahmacariyanti vutta½. “Ekasmi½ brahmacariyasmi½, sahassa½ maccuh±yinan”ti (sa½. ni. 1.184) ettha dhammadesan± brahmacariyanti vutt±. “Pare abrahmac±r² bhavissanti, mayamettha brahmac±r² bhaviss±m±”ti (ma. ni. 1.83) sallekhasutte methunavirati brahmacariyanti vutt±.

“Mayañca bhariy± n±tikkam±ma,
amhe ca bhariy± n±tikkamanti;
aññatra t±hi brahmacariya½ car±ma,
tasm± hi amha½ dahar± na m²yare”ti. (J±. 1.10.97)–

Mah±dhammap±laj±take sad±rasantoso brahmacariyanti vutto.

“H²nena brahmacariyena, khattiye upapajjati;
majjhimena ca devatta½, uttamena visujjhat²”ti. (J±. 1.8.75)–

Eva½ nimij±take attadamanavasena kato aµµhaªgiko uposatho brahmacariyanti vutto. “Ida½ kho pana me, pañcasikha, brahmacariya½ ekantanibbid±ya vir±g±ya…pe… ayameva ariyo aµµhaªgiko maggo”ti (d². ni. 2.329) mah±govindasuttasmiññeva ariyamaggo brahmacariyanti vutto. “Tayida½ brahmacariya½ iddhañceva ph²tañca vitth±rika½ b±hujañña½ puthubh³ta½ y±va devamanussehi suppak±sitan”ti (d². ni. 3.174) p±s±dikasutte sikkhattayasaªgaha½ s±sana½ brahmacariyanti vutta½.

“Api ataram±n±na½, phal±s±va samijjhati;
vipakkabrahmacariyosmi, eva½ j±n±hi g±maº²”ti. (J±. 1.1.8)–

Ettha ajjh±sayo brahmacariyanti vutto. Idha pana v²riya½ brahmacariyanti adhippeta½. V²riyabrahmacariyassa hi idameva sutta½. Tadeta½ ekasmi½ attabh±ve catubbidhassa dukkarassa katatt± caturaªgasamann±gatanti vutta½.

Tapass² suda½ hom²ti sudanti nip±tamatta½, tapanissitako hom²ti attho. Paramatapass²ti paramo tapass², tapanissitak±na½ uttamo. L³kho suda½ hom²ti l³kho homi. Jegucch²ti p±pajegucchiko. Pavivitto suda½ hom²ti pavivitto aha½ homi. Tatr±ssu me ida½, s±riputt±ti tatra caturaªge brahmacariye ida½ mama tapassit±ya hoti, tapanissitakabh±ve mayha½ ida½ acelak±ditapassitakatta½ hot²ti dasseti.
Tattha acelakoti niccelo naggo. Mutt±c±roti visaµµh±c±ro, ucc±rakamm±d²su lokiyakulaputt±c±rena virahito, µhitakova ucc±ra½ karomi, pass±va½ karomi, kh±d±mi bhuñj±mi ca. Hatth±palekhanoti hatthe piº¹amhi µhite jivh±ya hattha½ apalikh±mi, ucc±ra½ v± katv± hatthasmiññeva daº¹akasaññ² hutv± hatthena apalikh±m²ti dasseti. Te kira daº¹aka½ sattoti paññapenti, tasm± tesa½ paµipada½ p³rento evamak±si. Bhikkh±gahaºattha½ ehi bhaddanteti vutto na et²ti na ehibhaddantiko. Tena hi tiµµha bhaddanteti vuttopi na tiµµhat²ti na tiµµhabhaddantiko. Tadubhayampi titthiy± eva½ etassa vacana½ kata½ bhavissat²ti na karonti. Ahampi eva½ ak±sinti dasseti. Abhihaµanti puretara½ gahetv± ±haµa½ bhikkha½. Uddissakatanti ida½ tumhe uddissa katanti eva½ ±rocitabhikkha½. Na nimantananti asuka½ n±ma kula½ v± v²thi½ v± g±ma½ v± paviseyy±th±ti eva½ nimantitabhikkhampi na s±diy±mi na gaºh±mi.
Na kumbhimukh±ti kumbhito uddharitv± diyyam±na½ bhikkha½ na gaºh±mi. Na ka¼opimukh±ti ka¼op²ti ukkhali v± pacchi v±. Tatopi na gaºh±mi. Kasm±? Kumbhika¼opiyo ma½ niss±ya kaµacchun± pah±ra½ labhant²ti. Na e¼akamantaranti umm±ra½ antara½ katv± diyyam±na½ na gaºh±mi. Kasm±? Aya½ ma½ niss±ya antarakaraºa½ labhat²ti. Daº¹amusalesupi eseva nayo. Na dvinnanti dv²su bhuñjam±nesu ekasmi½ uµµh±ya dente na gaºh±mi. Kasm±? Kaba¼antar±yo hot²ti. Na gabbhiniy±ti-±d²su pana gabbhiniy± kucchiya½ d±rako kilamati, p±yantiy± d±rakassa kh²rantar±yo hoti, purisantaragat±ya rati-antar±yo hot²ti na gaºh±mi. Na sa½kitt²s³ti sa½kittetv± katabhattesu. Dubbhikkhasamaye kira acelakas±vak± acelak±na½ atth±ya tato tato taº¹ul±d²ni sam±dapetv± bhatta½ pacanti. Ukkaµµh±celako tatopi na paµiggaºh±ti.
Na yattha s±ti yattha sunakho piº¹a½ labhiss±m²ti upaµµhito hoti, tattha tassa adatv± ±haµa½ na gaºh±mi. Kasm±? Etassa piº¹antar±yo hot²ti. Saº¹asaº¹ac±rin²ti sam³hasam³hac±rin², sace hi acelaka½ disv± imassa bhikkha½ dass±m±ti m±nusak± bhattageha½ pavisanti. Tesu ca pavisantesu ka¼opimukh±d²su nil²n± makkhik± uppatitv± saº¹asaº¹± caranti. Tato ±haµa½ bhikkha½ na gaºh±mi. Kasm±? Ma½ niss±ya makkhik±na½ gocarantar±yo j±toti, ahampi tath± ak±si½. Na thusodakanti sabbasassasambh±rehi kata½ loºasov²raka½. Ettha ca sur±p±nameva s±vajja½, aya½ pana sabbesupi s±vajjasaññ².
Ek±g±rikoti yo ekasmiññeva gehe bhikkha½ labhitv± nivattati. Ek±lopikoti yo ekeneva ±lopena y±peti. Dv±g±rik±d²supi eseva nayo. Ekiss±pi dattiy±ti ek±ya dattiy±. Datti n±ma ek± khuddakap±ti hoti, yattha aggabhikkha½ pakkhipitv± µhapenti. Ek±hikanti ekadivasantarika½. Addham±sikanti addham±santarika½. Pariy±yabhattabhojananti v±rabhattabhojana½. Ek±hav±rena dv²hav±rena satt±hav±rena a¹¹ham±sav±ren±ti eva½ divasav±rena ±bhata½ bhattabhojana½.
S±kabhakkhoti allas±kabhakkho. S±m±kabhakkhoti s±m±kataº¹ulabhakkho. N²v±r±d²su n²v±r± n±ma t±va araññe saya½j±tav²hij±ti. Daddulanti cammak±rehi camma½ likhitv± cha¹¹itakasaµa½. Haµa½ vuccati silesopi sev±lopi kaºik±r±dirukkhaniyy±sopi. Kaºanti kuº¹aka½ ¾c±moti bhatta-ukkhalik±ya laggo jh±ma-odano, ta½ cha¹¹itaµµh±ne gahetv± kh±dati. “Odanakañjiyan”tipi vadanti. Piññ±k±dayo p±kaµ± eva. Pavattaphalabhoj²ti patitaphalabhoj².
S±º±n²ti s±ºav±kaco¼±ni. Mas±º±n²ti missakaco¼±ni. Chavaduss±n²ti matasar²rato cha¹¹itavatth±ni. Erakatiº±d²ni v± ganthetv± kataniv±san±ni. Pa½suk³l±n²ti pathaviya½ cha¹¹itanantak±ni. Tirit±n²ti rukkhattacavatth±ni. Ajinanti ajinamigacamma½. Ajinakkhipanti tadeva majjhe ph±lita½. Sakhurakantipi vadanti. Kusac²ranti kusatiºa½ ganthetv± katac²ra½. V±kac²raphalakac²resupi eseva nayo. Kesakambalanti manussakesehi katakambala½. Ya½ sandh±ya vutta½ “y±ni k±nici, bhikkhave, tant±vut±na½ vatth±na½, kesakambalo tesa½ paµikuµµho akkh±yati. Kesakambalo, bhikkhave, s²te s²to, uºhe uºho, dubbaººo duggandho dukkhasamphaso”ti (a. ni. 3.138). V±lakambalanti assav±l±d²hi katakambala½. Ul³kapakkhakanti ul³kapatt±ni ganthetv± kataniv±sana½. Ubbhaµµhakoti uddha½ µhitako. Ukkuµikappadh±namanuyuttoti ukkuµikav²riya½ anuyutto, gacchantopi ukkuµikova hutv± uppatitv± uppatitv± gacchati. Kaºµak±passayikoti ayakaºµake v± pakatikaºµake v± bh³miya½ koµµetv± tattha camma½ attharitv± µh±nacaªkam±d²ni karom²ti dasseti. Seyyanti sayantopi tattheva seyya½ kappemi. S±ya½ tatiyamass±ti s±yatatiyaka½. P±to majjhanhike s±yanti divasassa tikkhattu½ p±pa½ pav±hess±m²ti udakorohan±nuyoga½ anuyutto vihar±m²ti dasseti.
156. Nekavassagaºikanti nekavassagaºasañj±ta½. Rajojallanti rajamala½, ida½ attano rajojallakavatasam±d±nak±la½ sandh±ya vadati. Jegucchisminti p±pajigucchanabh±ve. Y±va udakabindumhip²ti y±va udakathevakepi mama day± paccupaµµhit± hoti, ko pana v±do aññesu sakkharakaµhaladaº¹akav±lik±d²su. Te kira udakabindu½ ca ete ca sakkharakaµhal±dayo khuddakap±º±ti paññapenti. Ten±ha “y±va udakabindumhipi me day± paccupaµµhit± hot²”ti. Udakabindumpi na han±mi na vin±semi, ki½ k±raº±. M±ha½ khuddake p±ºe visamagate saªgh±ta½ ±p±desinti. Ninnathalatiºaggarukkhas±kh±d²su visamaµµh±ne gate udakabindusaªkh±te khuddakap±ºe saªgh±ta½ vadha½ m± ±p±desinti. Etamattha½ “satova abhikkam±m²”ti dasseti. Acelakesu kira bh³mi½ akkantak±lato pabhuti s²lav± n±ma natthi. Bhikkh±c±ra½ gacchant±pi duss²l±va hutv± gacchanti, upaµµh±k±na½ gehe bhuñjant±pi duss²l±va hutv± bhuñjanti. ¾gacchant±pi duss²l±va hutv± ±gacchanti. Yad± pana morapiñchena phalaka½ sammajjitv± s²la½ adhiµµh±ya nis²danti, tad± s²lavant± n±ma honti.
Vanakammikanti kandam³laphal±phal±d²na½ atth±ya vane vicaranta½. Vanena vananti vanato vana½, esa nayo sabbattha. Sa½pat±m²ti gacch±mi. ¾raññakoti araññe j±tavuddho, ida½ attano ±j²vakak±la½ sandh±ya vadati. Bodhisatto kira p±saº¹apariggaºhaºatth±ya ta½ pabbajja½ pabbaji, niratthakabh±va½ pana ñatv±pi na uppabbajjito, bodhisatt± hi ya½ ya½ µh±na½ upenti, tato anivattitadhamm± honti, pabbajitv± pana m± ma½ koci addas±ti tatova arañña½ paviµµho. Tenev±ha “m± ma½ te addasa½su ahañca m± te addasan”ti.
Goµµh±ti govaj±. Paµµhitag±voti nikkhantag±vo. Tattha catukkuº¹ikoti vananteyeva µhito gop±lak±na½ g±v²hi saddhi½ apagatabh±va½ disv± dve hatthe dve ca jaººuk±ni bh³miya½ µhapetv± eva½ catukkuº¹iko upasaªkamitv±ti attho. T±ni suda½ ±h±rem²ti mahallakavacchak±na½ gomay±ni kasaµ±ni niroj±ni honti, tasm± t±ni vajjetv± y±ni taruºavacchak±na½ kh²rap±neneva va¹¹hant±na½ sa-oj±ni gomay±ni t±ni kucchip³ra½ kh±ditv± puna vanasaº¹ameva pavisati. Ta½ sandh±y±ha “t±ni suda½ ±h±rem²”ti. Y±vak²vañca meti yattaka½ k±la½ mama saka½ muttakar²sa½ aparikkh²ºa½ hoti. Y±va me dv±rava¼añjo pavattittha, t±va tadeva ±h±rem²ti attho. K±le pana gacchante gacchante parikkh²ºama½salohito upacchinnadv±rava¼añjo vacchak±na½ gomay±ni ±h±remi. Mah±vikaµabhojanasminti mahante vikaµabhojane, apakatibhojaneti attho.
157. Tatr±ssuda½, s±riputta, bhi½sanakassa vanasaº¹assa bhi½sanakatasmi½ hot²ti. Tatr±ti purimavacan±pekkhana½. Sudanti padap³raºamatte nip±to. S±riputt±ti ±lapana½. Aya½ panettha atthayojan±– tatr±ti ya½ vutta½ aññatara½ bhi½sanaka½ vanasaº¹anti, tatra yo so bhi½sanako vanasaº¹o vutto, tassa bhi½sanakassa vanasaº¹assa bhi½sanakatasmi½ hoti, bhi½sanakakiriy±ya hot²ti attho. Ki½ hoti? Ida½ hoti, yo koci av²tar±go…pe… lom±ni ha½sant²ti.
Atha v± tatr±ti s±mi-atthe bhumma½. Su iti nip±to. Ki½ su n±ma te bhonto samaºabr±hmaº±ti-±d²su viya. Idanti adhippetamattha½ paccakkha½ viya katv± dassanavacana½. Sudanti su ida½, sandhivasena ik±ralopo veditabbo. Cakkhundriya½ itthindriya½ anaññ±taññass±m²tindriya½ ki½ s³dhavittanti-±d²su viya. Aya½ panettha atthayojan±, tassa, s±riputta, bhi½sanakassa vanasaº¹assa bhi½sanakatasmi½ ida½su hot²ti. Bhi½sanakatasminti bhi½sanakabh±veti attho. Ekassa tak±rassa lopo daµµhabbo. “Bhi½sanakattasmin”tiyeva v± p±µho bhi½sanakat±ya iti v± vattabbe liªgavipall±so kato, nimittatthe ceta½ bhummavacana½. Tasm± eva½ sambandho veditabbo, bhi½sanakabh±ve ida½su hoti, bhi½sanakabh±vanimitta½ bhi½sanakabh±vahetu, bhi½sanakabh±vapaccay± ida½su hoti. Yo koci av²tar±go ta½ vanasaº¹a½ pavisati. Yebhuyyena lom±ni ha½santi bahutar±ni lom±ni ha½santi, uddha½ mukh±ni s³cisadis±ni kaºµakasadis±ni ca hutv± tiµµhanti, app±ni na ha½santi, bahutar±na½ v± satt±na½ ha½santi, appak±na½ atis³rapuris±na½ na ha½sant²ti.
Antaraµµhak±ti m±gham±sassa avas±ne catasso, phagguºam±sassa ±dimhi catassoti eva½ ubhinna½ antare aµµharatti. Abbhok±seti mah±satto himap±tasamaye ratti½ abbhok±se viharati, athassa lomak³pesu ±vutamutt± viya himabind³ni tiµµhanti, sar²ra½ setaduk³lap±ruta½ viya hoti. Div± vanasaº¹eti div± himabind³su s³riy±tapasamphassena vigatesu ass±sopi bhaveyya, aya½ pana s³riye uggacchanteyeva vanasaº¹a½ pavisati, tatr±pissa s³riy±tapena paggharanta½ hima½ sar²reyeva patati. Div± abbhok±se vihar±mi ratti½ vanasaº¹eti gimhak±le kiresa div± abbhok±se vih±si, tenassa kacchehi sedadh±r± mucci½su, ratti½ ass±so bhaveyya, aya½ pana s³riye attha½ gacchanteyeva vanasaº¹a½ pavisati. Athassa div± gahita-usme vanasaº¹e aªg±rak±suya½ pakkhitto viya attabh±vo paridayhittha. Anacchariy±ti anu-acchariy±. Paµibh±s²ti upaµµh±si.
Sotattoti div± ±tapena ratti½ vana-usm±ya sutatto. Sosinnoti ratti½ himena div± himodakena suµµhu tinto. Bhi½sanaketi bhayajanake. Naggoti niccelo. Niv±sanap±rupane hi sati s²ta½ v± uºha½ v± na atib±dheyya, tampi me natth²ti dasseti. Na caggim±sinoti aggimpi na upagato. Esan±pasutoti suddhi-esanatth±ya pasuto, payutto. Mun²ti, tad± att±na½ mun²ti katv± katheti.
Chavaµµhik±n²ti upa¹¹hada¹¹h±ni aµµh²ni. Upadh±y±ti yath± s²s³padh±nañca p±d³padh±nañca paññ±yati, eva½ santharitv± tattha seyya½ kappem²ti dasseti. G±maº¹al±ti gop±lad±rak±. Te kira bodhisattassa santika½ gantv±, sumedha, tva½ imasmi½ µh±ne kasm± nisinno, katheh²ti vadanti. Bodhisatto adhomukho nis²dati, na katheti. Atha na½ te akathetu½ na dass±m±ti pariv±retv± oµµhubhanti sar²re khe¼a½ p±tenti. Bodhisatto evampi na katheti. Atha na½ tva½ na kathes²ti omuttenti pass±vamassa upari vissajjenti. Bodhisatto evampi na kathetiyeva. Tato na½ kathehi katheh²ti pa½sukena okiranti. Bodhisatto evampi na kathetiyeva. Athassa na kathes²ti daº¹akasal±k± gahetv± kaººasotesu pavesenti. Bodhisatto dukkh± tibb± kaµuk± vedan± adhiv±sento kassaci kiñci na kariss±m²ti matako viya acchati. Ten±ha “na kho pan±ha½, s±riputta, abhij±n±mi tesu p±paka½ citta½ upp±det±”ti. Na may± tesu p±paka½ cittampi upp±ditanti attho. Upekkh±vih±rasmi½ hot²ti upekkh±vih±ro hoti. Vih±ro eva hi vih±rasminti vutto. Teneva ca “ida½su me”ti etth±pi aya½su meti eva½ attho veditabbo. Imin± nayena aññ±nipi evar³p±ni pad±ni veditabb±ni. Imin± ito ekanavutikappe p³rita½ upekkh±vih±ra½ dasseti. Ya½ sandh±y±ha–
“Sukhapatto na rajj±mi, dukkhe na homi dummano;
sabbattha tulito homi, es± me upekkh±p±ram²”ti.

Dukkarak±rik±disuddhivaººan± niµµhit±.