Samm± s²han±da½ nadath±ti ettha samm±ti hetun± nayena k±raŗena. S²han±danti seµµhan±da½ abh²tan±da½ appaµin±da½. Imesańhi catunna½ samaŗ±na½ idheva atthit±ya aya½ n±do seµµhan±do n±ma hoti uttaman±do. “Ime samaŗ± idheva atth²”ti vadantassa ańńato bhaya½ v± ±saŖk± v± natth²ti abh²tan±do n±ma hoti. “Amh±kampi s±sane ime samaŗ± atth²”ti p³raŗ±d²su ekass±pi uµµhahitv± vattu½ asamatthat±ya aya½ n±do appaµin±do n±ma hoti. Tena vutta½ “s²han±danti seµµhan±da½ abh²tan±da½ appaµin±dan”ti.
140. Żh±na½ kho paneta½ vijjat²ti ida½ kho pana k±raŗa½ vijjati. Ya½ ańńatitthiy±ti yena k±raŗena ańńatitthiy±. Ettha ca tittha½ j±nitabba½, titthakaro j±nitabbo titthiy± j±nitabb±, titthiyas±vak± j±nitabb±. Tittha½n±ma dv±saµµhi diµµhiyo. Ettha hi satt± taranti uppalavanti ummujjanimujja½ karonti, tasm± titthanti vuccanti. T±sa½ diµµh²na½ upp±det± titthakaro n±ma. Tassa laddhi½ gahetv± pabbajit± titthiy± n±ma. Tesa½ paccayad±yak± titthiyas±vak±ti veditabb±. Paribb±jak±ti gihibandhana½ pah±ya pabbajj³pagat±. Ass±soti avassayo patiµµh± upatthambho. Balanti th±mo. Yena tumheti yena ass±sena v± balena v± eva½ vadetha.
Atthi kho no, ±vuso, tena bhagavat± j±nat± passat± arahat± samm±sambuddhen±ti ettha aya½ saŖkhepattho– yo so bhagav± samati½sa p±ramiyo p³retv± sabbakilese bhańjitv± anuttara½ samm±sambodhi½ abhisambuddho, tena bhagavat± tesa½ tesa½ satt±na½ ±say±nusaya½ j±nat±, hatthatale µhapita½ ±malaka½ viya sabba½ ńeyyadhamma½ passat±. Apica pubbeniv±s±d²hi j±nat±, dibbena cakkhun± passat±. T²hi vijj±hi chahi v± pana abhińń±hi j±nat±, sabbattha appaµihatena samantacakkhun± passat±. Sabbadhammaj±nanasamatth±ya pańń±ya j±nat±, sabbasatt±na½ cakkhuvisay±t²t±ni tirokuµµ±digat±ni v±pi r³p±ni ativisuddhena ma½sacakkhun± passat±. Attahitas±dhik±ya sam±dhipadaµµh±n±ya paµivedhapańń±ya j±nat±, parahitas±dhik±ya karuŗ±padaµµh±n±ya desan±pańń±ya passat±. Ar²na½ hatatt± paccay±d²na½ arahatt± ca arahat±, samm± s±mańca sacc±na½ buddhatt± samm±sambuddhena. Antar±yikadhamme v± j±nat±, niyy±nikadhamme passat±. Kiles±r²na½ hatatt± arahat±, samm± s±ma½ sabbadhamm±na½ buddhatt± samm±sambuddhen±ti, eva½ catuves±rajjavasena cat³hi ±k±rehi thomitena catt±ro dhamm± akkh±t±, ye maya½ attani sampassam±n± eva½ vadema, na r±jar±jamah±matt±d²na½ upatthambha½ k±yabalanti.
Satthari pas±doti “itipi so bhagav±”ti-±din± nayena buddhaguŗe anussarant±na½ uppannappas±do. Dhamme pas±doti “sv±kkh±to bhagavat± dhammo”ti-±din± nayena dhammaguŗe anussarant±na½ uppannappas±do. S²lesu parip³rak±rit±ti ariyakantesu s²lesu parip³rak±rit±. Ariyakantas²l±ni n±ma pańcas²l±ni. T±ni hi bhavantaragatopi ariyas±vako attano ariyas±vakabh±va½ aj±nantopi na v²tikkamati. Sacepi hi na½ koci vadeyya– “ima½ sakala½ cakkavattirajja½ sampaµicchitv± khuddakamakkhika½ j²vit± voropeh²”ti, aµµh±nameta½, ya½ so tassa vacana½ kareyya. Eva½ ariy±na½ s²l±ni kant±ni piy±ni man±p±ni. T±ni sandh±ya vutta½ “s²lesu parip³rak±rit±”ti.
Sahadhammik± kho pan±ti bhikkhu bhikkhun² sikkham±n± s±maŗero s±maŗer² up±sako up±sik±ti ete satta sahadhammac±rino. Etesu hi bhikkhu bhikkh³hi saddhi½ sahadhamma½ carati sam±nasikkhat±ya. Tath± bhikkhun² bhikkhun²hi…pe… up±sik± up±sik±hi, sot±panno sot±pannehi, sakad±g±m²…pe… an±g±m²hi sahadhamma½ carati. Tasm± sabbepete sahadhammik±ti vuccanti. Apicettha ariyas±vak±yeva adhippet±. Tesańhi bhavantarepi maggadassanamhi viv±do natthi, tasm± te accanta½ ekadhammac±rit±ya sahadhammik±. Imin±, “suppaµipanno bhagavato s±vakasaŖgho”ti-±din± nayena saŖgha½ anussarant±na½ uppannappas±do kathito. Ett±vat± catt±ri sot±pannassa aŖg±ni kathit±ni honti.
Ime kho no, ±vusoti, ±vuso, ime catt±ro dhamm± tena bhagavat± amh±ka½ ass±so ceva balańc±ti akkh±t±, ye maya½ attani sampassam±n± eva½ vadema.
141. Yo amh±ka½ satth±ti imin± p³raŗakassap±dike cha satth±ro apadissanti. Yath± pana id±ni s±sane ±cariyupajjh±y±d²su “amh±ka½ ±cariyo, amh±ka½ upajjh±yo”ti gehasitapema½ hoti. Evar³pa½ pema½ sandh±ya “satthari pas±do”ti vadanti. Thero pan±ha– “yasm± satth± n±ma na ekassa, na dvinna½ hoti, sadevakassa lokassa ekova satth±, tasm± titthiy± ‘amh±ka½ satth±’ ti ekapadeneva satth±ra½ visu½ katv± imin±va padena viruddh± par±jit±”ti. Dhamme pas±doti ida½ pana yath± id±ni s±sane “amh±ka½ d²ghanik±yo amh±ka½ majjhimanik±yo”ti mam±yanti, eva½ attano attano pariyattidhamme gehasitapema½ sandh±ya vadanti. S²les³ti ajas²lagos²lameŗ¹akas²lakukkuras²l±d²su. Idha no ±vusoti ettha idh±ti pas±da½ sandh±ya vadanti. Ko adhippay±soti ko adhikappayogo. Yadidanti yamida½ tumh±kańceva amh±kańca n±n±karaŗa½ vadeyy±tha. Ta½ ki½ n±ma? Tumh±kampi hi cat³su µh±nesu pas±do, amh±kampi. Nanu etasmi½ pas±de tumhe ca amhe ca dvedh± bhinnasuvaŗŗa½ viya ekasadis±ti v±c±ya samadhur± hutv± aµµha½su.
Atha nesa½ ta½ samadhurata½ bhindanto bhagav± eva½ v±dinoti-±dim±ha. Tattha ek± niµµh±ti y± tassa pas±dassa pariyos±nabh³t± niµµh±, ki½ s± ek±, ud±hu puth³ti eva½ pucchath±ti vadati. Yasm± pana tasmi½ tasmi½ samaye niµµha½ apańńapento n±ma natthi, br±hmaŗ±nańhi brahmaloko niµµh±, mah±t±pas±na½ ±bhassar±, paribb±jak±na½ subhakiŗh±, ±j²vak±na½ “anantam±naso”ti eva½ parikappito asańń²bhavo Imasmi½ s±sane pana arahatta½ niµµh±. Sabbeva cete arahattameva niµµh±ti vadanti. Diµµhivasena pana brahmalok±d²ni pańńapenti. Tasm± attano attano laddhivasena ekameva niµµha½ pańńapenti, ta½ dassetu½ bhagav± samm± by±karam±n±ti-±dim±ha.
Id±ni bhikkh³nampi ek± niµµh±, titthiy±nampi ek± niµµh±ti dv²su aµµak±rakesu viya µhitesu bhagav± anuyogavatta½ dassento s± pan±vuso, niµµh± sar±gassa, ud±hu v²tar±gass±ti-±dim±ha. Tattha yasm± r±garatt±d²na½ niµµh± n±ma natthi. Yadi siy±, soŗasiŖg±l±d²nampi siy±ti ima½ dosa½ passant±na½ titthiy±na½ “v²tar±gassa ±vuso s± niµµh±”ti-±din± nayena by±karaŗa½ dassita½.
Tattha viddasunoti paŗ¹itassa. Anuruddhapaµiviruddhass±ti r±gena anuruddhassa kodhena paµiviruddhassa. Papańc±r±massa papańcaratinoti ettha ±ramanti etth±ti ±r±mo. Papańco ±r±mo ass±ti papańc±r±mo. Papańce rati ass±ti papańcarati. Papańcoti ca mattapamatt±k±rabh±vena pavatt±na½ taŗh±diµµhim±n±nameta½ adhivacana½. Idha pana taŗh±diµµhiyova adhippet±. Sar±gass±ti-±d²su pańcasu µh±nesu ekova kileso ±gato. Tassa ±k±rato n±natta½ veditabba½. Sar±gass±ti hi vuttaµµh±ne pańcak±maguŗikar±gavasena gahito. Sataŗhass±ti bhavataŗh±vasena. Sa-up±d±nass±ti gahaŗavasena. Anuruddhapaµiviruddhass±ti yuga¼avasena. Papańc±r±mass±ti papańcuppattidassanavasena. Sar±gass±ti v± ettha akusalam³lavasena gahito. Sataŗhass±ti ettha taŗh±paccay± up±d±nadassanavasena. Sesa½ purimasadisameva. Thero pan±ha “kasm± eva½ viddha½setha? Ekoyeva hi aya½ lobho rajjanavasena r±goti vutto. Taŗh±karaŗavasena taŗh±. Gahaŗaµµhena up±d±na½. Yuga¼avasena anurodhapaµivirodho. Papańcuppattidassanaµµhena papańco”ti.
142. Id±ni imesa½ kiles±na½ m³labh³ta½ diµµhiv±da½ dassento dvem±, bhikkhave, diµµhiyoti-±dim±ha.
Tattha bhavadiµµh²ti sassatadiµµhi. Vibhavadiµµh²ti ucchedadiµµhi. Bhavadiµµhi½ all²n±ti taŗh±diµµhivasena sassatadiµµhi½ all²n±. Upagat±ti taŗh±diµµhivaseneva upagat±. Ajjhosit±ti taŗh±diµµhivaseneva anupaviµµh±. Vibhavadiµµhiy± te paµiviruddh±ti te sabbe ucchedav±d²hi saddhi½– “tumhe andhab±l± na j±n±tha, sassato aya½ loko, n±ya½ loko ucchijjat²”ti paµiviruddh± nicca½ kalahabhaŗ¹anapasut± viharanti. Dutiyav±repi eseva nayo.
Samudayańc±ti-±d²su dve diµµh²na½ samuday± khaŗikasamudayo paccayasamudayo ca. Khaŗikasamudayo diµµh²na½ nibbatti. Paccayasamudayo aµµha µh±n±ni. Seyyathida½, khandh±pi diµµhiµµh±na½, avijj±pi, phassopi, sańń±pi, vitakkopi, ayonisomanasik±ropi, p±pamittopi, paratoghosopi diµµhiµµh±na½. “Khandh± hetu khandh± paccayo diµµh²na½ up±d±ya samuµµh±naµµhena. Eva½ khandh±pi diµµhiµµh±na½. Avijj±… phasso… sańń±… vitakko… ayonisomanasik±ro… p±pamitto… paratoghoso hetu, paratoghoso paccayo diµµh²na½ up±d±ya samuµµh±naµµhena. Eva½ paratoghosopi diµµhiµµh±na½” (paµi. ma. 1.124). AtthaŖgam±pi dveyeva khaŗikatthaŖgamo paccayatthaŖgamo ca. KhaŗikatthaŖgamo n±ma khayo vayo bhedo paribhedo aniccat± antaradh±na½. PaccayatthaŖgamo n±ma sot±pattimaggo. Sot±pattimaggo hi diµµhiµµh±nasamuggh±toti vutto.
Ass±danti diµµhim³laka½ ±nisa½sa½. Ya½ sandh±ya vutta½– “ya½diµµhiko satth± hoti, ta½diµµhik± s±vak± honti. Ya½diµµhik± satth±ra½ s±vak± sakkaronti, garu½ karonti, m±nenti, p³jenti, labhanti tatonid±na½ c²varapiŗ¹ap±tasen±sanagil±napaccayabhesajjaparikkh±ra½. Aya½, bhikkhave, diµµhiy± diµµhadhammiko ±nisa½so”ti. ¾d²navanti diµµhiggahaŗam³laka½ upaddava½. So vaggulivata½ ukkuµikappadh±na½ kaŗµak±passayat± pańc±tapatappana½ s±nupap±tapatana½ kesamassuluńcana½ appoŗaka½ jh±nanti-±d²na½ vasena½ veditabbo. Nissaraŗanti diµµh²na½ nissaraŗa½ n±ma nibb±na½. Yath±bh³ta½ nappaj±nant²ti ye eta½ sabba½ yath±sabh±va½ na j±nanti. Na parimuccanti dukkhasm±ti sakalavaµµadukkhato na parimuccanti. Imin± etesa½ niµµh± n±ma natth²ti dasseti. Parimuccanti dukkhasm±ti sakalavaµµadukkhato parimuccanti. Imin± etesa½ niµµh± n±ma atth²ti dvinna½ aµµak±rak±na½ aµµa½ chindanto viya s±sanasmi½yeva niµµh±ya atthita½ patiµµhapeti.
143. Id±ni diµµhicchedana½ dassento catt±rim±ni, bhikkhave, up±d±n±n²ti-±dim±ha. Tesa½ vitth±rakath± visuddhimagge vutt±yeva.
Sabbup±d±naparińń±v±d± paµij±nam±n±ti maya½ sabbesa½ up±d±n±na½ parińńa½ samatikkama½ vad±m±ti eva½ paµij±nam±n±. Na samm± sabbup±d±naparińńanti sabbesa½ up±d±n±na½ samatikkama½ samm± na pańńapenti. Keci k±mup±d±namattassa parińńa½ pańńapenti. Keci diµµhup±d±namattassa pańńapenti, keci s²labbatup±d±nass±pi. Attav±dup±d±nassa pana parińńa½ pańńapento n±ma natthi. Tesa½ pana bheda½ dassento k±mup±d±nassa parińńa½ pańńapent²ti-±dim±ha. Tattha sabbepi k±mup±d±nassa parińńa½ pańńapentiyeva, channavuti p±saŗ¹±pi hi “k±m± kho pabbajitena na sevitabb±”ti vatthupaµisevana½ k±ma½ kappat²ti na pańńapenti, akappiyameva katv± pańńapenti. Ye pana sevanti, te theyyena sevanti. Tena vutta½ “k±mup±d±nassa parińńa½ pańńapent²”ti.