Dhamm±nupassan± n²varaºapabbavaººan±

115. Eva½ so¼asavidhena citt±nupassan±satipaµµh±na½ kathetv± id±ni pañcavidhena dhamm±nupassana½ kathetu½ kathañca, bhikkhaveti-±dim±ha. Apica bhagavat± k±y±nupassan±ya suddhar³papariggaho kathito, vedan±citt±nupassan±hi suddha-ar³papariggaho. Id±ni r³p±r³pamissakapariggaha½ kathetu½ “kathañca, bhikkhave”ti-±dim±ha K±y±nupassan±ya v± r³pakkhandhapariggahova kathito, vedan±nupassan±ya vedan±kkhandhapariggahova, citt±nupassan±ya viññ±ºakkhandhapariggahov±ti id±ni saññ±saªkh±rakkhandhapariggahampi kathetu½ “kathañca, bhikkhave”ti-±dim±ha.
Tattha santanti abhiºhasamud±c±ravasena sa½vijjam±na½. Asantanti asamud±c±ravasena v± pah²natt± v± avijjam±na½. Yath± c±ti yena k±raºena k±macchandassa upp±do hoti. Tañca paj±n±t²ti tañca k±raºa½ paj±n±ti. Imin± nayena sabbapadesu attho veditabbo.
Tattha subhanimitte ayonisomanasik±rena k±macchandassa upp±do hoti. Subhanimitta½ n±ma subhampi subhanimitta½, subh±rammaºampi subhanimitta½. Ayonisomanasik±ro n±ma anup±yamanasik±ro uppathamanasik±ro anicce niccanti v± dukkhe sukhanti v± anattani att±ti v± asubhe subhanti v± manasik±ro, ta½ tattha bahula½ pavattayato k±macchando uppajjati. Ten±ha bhagav±– “atthi, bhikkhave, subhanimitta½, tattha ayonisomanasik±rabahul²k±ro ayam±h±ro anuppannassa v± k±macchandassa upp±d±ya uppannassa v± k±macchandassa bhiyyobh±v±ya vepull±y±”ti (sa½. ni. 5.232).
Asubhanimitte pana yonisomanasik±renassa pah±na½ hoti. Asubhanimitta½ n±ma asubhampi asubh±rammaºampi. Yonisomanasik±ro n±ma up±yamanasik±ro pathamanasik±ro anicce aniccanti v± dukkhe dukkhanti v± anattani anatt±ti v± asubhe asubhanti v± manasik±ro, ta½ tattha bahula½ pavattayato k±macchando pah²yati. Ten±ha bhagav±– “atthi, bhikkhave, asubhanimitta½, tattha yonisomanasik±rabahul²k±ro, ayaman±h±ro anuppannassa v± k±macchandassa anupp±d±ya uppannassa v± k±macchandassa pah±n±y±”ti (sa½. ni. 5.232).
Apica cha dhamm± k±macchandassa pah±n±ya sa½vattanti asubhanimittassa uggaho asubhabh±van±nuyogo indriyesu guttadv±rat± bhojane mattaññut± kaly±ºamittat± sapp±yakath±ti. Dasavidhañhi asubhanimitta½ uggaºhantass±pi k±macchando pah²yati, bh±ventass±pi, indriyesu pihitadv±rass±pi, catunna½ pañcanna½ ±lop±na½ ok±se sati udaka½ pivitv± y±panas²lat±ya bhojane mattaññunopi. Teneta½ vutta½–
“Catt±ro pañca ±lope, abhutv± udaka½ pive;
ala½ ph±suvih±r±ya, pahitattassa bhikkhuno”ti. (Therag±. 983).
Asubhakammikatissattherasadise asubhabh±van±rate kaly±ºamitte sevantass±pi k±macchando pah²yati, µh±nanisajj±d²su dasa-asubhanissitasapp±yakath±yapi pah²yati. Tena vutta½ “cha dhamm± k±macchandassa pah±n±ya sa½vattant²”ti. Imehi pana chahi dhammehi pah²nassa k±macchandassa arahattamaggena ±yati½ anupp±do hot²ti paj±n±ti.
Paµighanimitte ayonisomanasik±rena pana by±p±dassa upp±do hoti. Tattha paµighampi paµighanimitta½, paµigh±rammaºampi paµighanimitta½. Ayonisomanasik±ro sabbattha ekalakkhaºova. Ta½ tasmi½ nimitte bahula½ pavattayato by±p±do uppajjati. Ten±ha bhagav±– “atthi, bhikkhave, paµighanimitta½, tattha ayonisomanasik±rabahul²k±ro, ayam±h±ro anuppannassa v± by±p±dassa upp±d±ya uppannassa v± by±p±dassa bhiyyobh±v±ya vepull±y±”ti (sa½. ni. 5.232).
Mett±ya pana cetovimuttiy± yonisomanasik±renassa pah±na½ hoti. Tattha tattha “mett±”ti vutte appan±pi upac±ropi vaµµati. “Cetovimutt²”ti appan±va. Yonisomanasik±ro vuttalakkhaºova. Ta½ tattha bahula½ pavattayato by±p±do pah²yati. Ten±ha bhagav±– “atthi, bhikkhave, mett± cetovimutti, tattha yonisomanasik±rabahul²k±ro, ayaman±h±ro anuppannassa v± by±p±dassa anupp±d±ya uppannassa v± by±p±dassa pah±n±y±”ti (sa½. ni. 5.232).
Apica cha dhamm± by±p±dassa pah±n±ya sa½vattanti mett±nimittassa uggaho mett±bh±van±nuyogo kammassakat±paccavekkhaº± paµisaªkh±nabahut± kaly±ºamittat± sapp±yakath±ti. Odhisaka-anodhisakadis±pharaº±nañhi aññataravasena metta½ uggaºhantass±pi by±p±do pah²yati, odhiso anodhiso dis±pharaºavasena metta½ bh±ventass±pi. “Tva½ etassa kuddho ki½ karissasi, kimassa s²l±d²ni n±setu½ sakkhissasi, nanu tva½ attano kammena ±gantv± attano kammeneva gamissasi, parassa kujjhana½ n±ma v²taccitaªg±ra-tatta-ayasal±ka-g³th±d²ni gahetv± para½ paharituk±mat±sadisa½ hoti. Esopi tava kuddho ki½ karissati, ki½ te s²l±d²ni vin±setu½ sakkhissati, esa attano kammeneva ±gantv± attano kammena gamissati, appaµicchitapaheºaka½ viya paµiv±ta½ khittarajomuµµhi viya ca etassevesa kodho matthake patissat²”ti eva½ attano ca parassa ca kammassakata½ paccavekkhatopi, ubhayakammassakata½ paccavekkhitv± paµisaªkh±ne µhitass±pi, assaguttattherasadise mett±bh±van±rate kaly±ºamitte sevantass±pi by±p±do pah²yati. Ýh±nanisajj±d²su mett±nissitasapp±yakath±yapi pah²yati. Tena vutta½ “cha dhamm± by±p±dassa pah±n±ya sa½vattant²”ti. Imehi pana chahi dhammehi pah²nassa by±p±dassa an±g±mimaggena ±yati½ anupp±do hot²ti paj±n±ti.
Arati±d²su ayonisomanasik±rena thinamiddhassa upp±do hoti. Arati n±ma ukkaºµhit±. Tand² n±ma k±y±lasiyat±. Vijambhit± n±ma k±yavin±man±. Bhattasammado n±ma bhattamucch± bhattapari¼±ho. Cetaso l²natta½ n±ma cittassa l²n±k±ro. Imesu arati-±d²su ayonisomanasik±ra½ bahula½ pavattayato thinamiddha½ uppajjati. Ten±ha– “atthi, bhikkhave, arati tand² vijambhit± bhattasammado cetaso l²natta½, tattha ayonisomanasik±rabahul²k±ro, ayam±h±ro anuppannassa v± thinamiddhassa upp±d±ya uppannassa v± thinamiddhassa bhiyyobh±v±ya vepull±y±”ti (sa½. ni. 5.232).
¾rambhadh±tu-±d²su pana yonisomanasik±renassa pah±na½ hoti. ¾rambhadh±tu n±ma paµham±rambhav²riya½. Nikkamadh±tu n±ma kosajjato nikkhantat±ya tato balavatara½. Parakkamadh±tu n±ma para½ para½ µh±na½ akkamanato tatopi balavatara½. Imasmi½ tippabhede v²riye yonisomanasik±ra½ bahula½ pavattayato thinamiddha½ pah²yati. Ten±ha– “atthi, bhikkhave, ±rambhadh±tu nikkamadh±tu parakkamadh±tu, tattha yonisomanasik±rabahul²k±ro, ayam±h±ro anuppannassa v± thinamiddhassa anupp±d±ya uppannassa v± thinamiddhassa pah±n±y±”ti (sa½. ni. 5.232).
Apica cha dhamm± thinamiddhassa pah±n±ya sa½vattanti, atibhojane nimittagg±ho iriy±pathasamparivattanat± ±lokasaññ±manasik±ro abbhok±sav±so kaly±ºamittat± sapp±yakath±ti. ¾harahatthakatatravaµµaka-ala½s±µakak±kam±sakabhuttavamitakabhojana½ bhuñjitv± rattiµµh±ne div±µµh±ne nisinnassa hi samaºadhamma½ karoto thinamiddha½ mah±hatth² viya ottharanta½ ±gacchati. Catupañca-±lopa-ok±sa½ pana µhapetv± p±n²ya½ pivitv± y±panas²lassa bhikkhuno ta½ na hot²ti eva½ atibhojane nimitta½ gaºhantass±pi thinamiddha½ pah²yati. Yasmi½ iriy±pathe thinamiddha½ okkamati, tato añña½ parivattentass±pi, ratti½ cand±lokad²p±loka-ukk±loke div± s³riy±loka½ manasikarontass±pi, abbhok±se vasantass±pi, mah±kassapattherasadise pah²nathinamiddhe kaly±ºamitte sevantass±pi thinamiddha½ pah²yati. Ýh±nanisajj±d²su dhutaªganissitasapp±yakath±yapi pah²yati. Tena vutta½ “cha dhamm± thinamiddhassa pah±n±ya sa½vattant²”ti Imehi pana chahi dhammehi pah²nassa thinamiddhassa arahattamaggena ±yati½ anupp±do hot²ti paj±n±ti.
Cetaso av³pasame ayonisomanasik±rena uddhaccakukkuccassa upp±do hoti. Av³pasamo n±ma av³pasant±k±ro. Uddhaccakukkuccameveta½ atthato. Tattha ayonisomanasik±ra½ bahula½ pavattayato uddhaccakukkucca½ uppajjati. Ten±ha “atthi, bhikkhave, cetaso av³pasamo, tattha ayonisomanasik±rabahul²k±ro, ayam±h±ro anuppannassa v± uddhaccakukkuccassa upp±d±ya uppannassa v± uddhaccakukkuccassa bhiyyobh±v±ya vepull±y±”ti (sa½. ni. 5.232).
Sam±dhisaªkh±te pana cetaso v³pasame yonisomanasik±renassa pah±na½ hoti. Ten±ha– “atthi, bhikkhave, cetaso v³pasamo, tattha yonisomanasik±rabahul²k±ro, ayam±h±ro anuppannassa v± uddhaccakukkuccassa anupp±d±ya uppannassa v± uddhaccakukkuccassa pah±n±y±”ti (sa½. ni. 5.232).
Apica cha dhamm± uddhaccakukkuccassa pah±n±ya sa½vattanti bahussutat± paripucchakat± vinaye pakataññut± vuddhasevit± kaly±ºamittat± sapp±yakath±ti. B±husaccenapi hi eka½ v± dve v± tayo v± catt±ro v± pañca v± nik±ye p±¼ivasena ca atthavasena ca uggaºhantass±pi uddhaccakukkucca½ pah²yati. Kappiy±kappiyaparipucch±bahulass±pi, vinayapaññattiya½ ciººavasibh±vat±ya pakataññunopi, vuddhe mahallakatthere upasaªkamantass±pi, up±littherasadise vinayadhare kaly±ºamitte sevantass±pi uddhaccakukkucca½ pah²yati. Ýh±nanisajj±d²su kappiy±kappiyanissitasapp±yakath±yapi pah²yati. Tena vutta½– “cha dhamm± uddhaccakukkuccassa pah±n±ya sa½vattant²”ti. Imehi pana chahi dhammehi pah²ne uddhaccakukkucce uddhaccassa arahattamaggena kukkuccassa an±g±mimaggena ±yati½ anupp±do hot²ti paj±n±ti.
Vicikicch±µµh±n²yesu dhammesu ayonisomanasik±rena vicikicch±ya upp±do hoti. Vicikicch±µµh±n²y± dhamm± n±ma punappuna½ vicikicch±ya k±raºatt± vicikicch±va. Tattha ayonisomanasik±ra½ bahula½ pavattayato vicikicch± uppajjati. Ten±ha– “atthi, bhikkhave, vicikicch±µµh±n²y± dhamm± tattha ayonisomanasik±rabahul²k±ro, ayam±h±ro anuppann±ya v± vicikicch±ya upp±d±ya uppann±ya v± vicikicch±ya bhiyyobh±v±ya vepull±y±”ti (sa½. ni. 5.232).
Kusal±d²su dhammesu yonisomanasik±rena panass± pah±na½ hoti. Ten±ha– “atthi, bhikkhave, kusal±kusal± dhamm± s±vajj±navajj± dhamm± sevitabb±sevitabb± dhamm± h²nappaº²t± dhamm± kaºhasukkasappaµibh±g± dhamm±, tattha yonisomanasik±rabahul²k±ro ayam±h±ro anuppann±ya v± vicikicch±ya anupp±d±ya uppann±ya v± vicikicch±ya pah±n±y±”ti (sa½. ni. 5.232).
Apica cha dhamm± vicikicch±ya pah±n±ya sa½vattanti bahussutat± paripucchakat± vinaye pakataññut± adhimokkhabahulat± kaly±ºamittat± sapp±yakath±ti. B±husaccenapi hi eka½ v±…pe… pañca v± nik±ye p±¼ivasena atthavasena ca uggaºhantass±pi vicikicch± pah²yati. T²ºi ratan±ni ±rabbha paripucch±bahulass±pi, vinaye ciººavasibh±vass±pi, t²su ratanesu okappaniyasaddh±saªkh±ta-adhimokkhabahulass±pi, saddh±dhimutte vakkalittherasadise kaly±ºamitte sevantass±pi vicikicch± pah²yati. Ýh±nanisajj±d²su tiººa½ ratan±na½ guºanissitasapp±yakath±yapi pah²yati. Tena vutta½– “cha dhamm± vicikicch±ya pah±n±ya sa½vattant²”ti. Imehi pana chahi dhammehi pah²n±ya vicikicch±ya sot±pattimaggena ±yati½ anupp±do hot²ti paj±n±ti.
Iti ajjhatta½ v±ti eva½ pañcan²varaºapariggahaºena attano v± dhammesu, parassa v± dhammesu, k±lena v± attano, k±lena v± parassa dhammesu dhamm±nupass² viharati. Samudayavay± panettha subhanimitta asubhanimitt±d²su ayonisomanasik±rayonisomanasik±ravasena pañcasu n²varaºesu vuttanayena n²haritabb±. Ito para½ vuttanayameva.
Kevalañhi idha n²varaºaparigg±hik± sati dukkhasaccanti eva½ yojana½ katv± n²varaºaparigg±hakassa bhikkhuno niyy±namukha½ veditabba½. Sesa½ t±disamev±ti.

N²varaºapabbavaººan± niµµhit±.