Vedan±nupassan±vaŗŗan±

113. Eva½ bhagav± cuddasavidhena k±y±nupassan±satipaµµh±na½ kathetv± id±ni navavidhena vedan±nupassana½ kathetu½ kathańca, bhikkhaveti-±dim±ha. Tattha sukha½ vedananti k±yika½ v± cetasika½ v± sukha½ vedana½ vedayam±no “aha½ sukha½ vedana½ veday±m²”ti paj±n±t²ti attho. Tattha k±ma½ utt±naseyyak±pi d±rak± thańńapivan±dik±le sukha½ vedayam±n± “sukha½ veday±m±”ti paj±nanti, na paneta½ evar³pa½ j±nana½ sandh±ya vutta½. Evar³pa½ j±nana½ hi satt³paladdhi½ na jahati, sattasańńa½ na uggh±µeti, kammaµµh±na½ v± satipaµµh±nabh±van± v± na hoti. Imassa pana bhikkhuno j±nana½ satt³paladdhi½ jahati sattasańńa½ uggh±µeti, kammaµµh±na½ ceva satipaµµh±nabh±van± ca hoti. Idańhi “ko vedayati, kassa vedan±, ki½ k±raŗ± vedan±”ti eva½ sampaj±navediyana½ sandh±ya vutta½.
Tattha ko vedayat²ti na koci satto v± puggalo v± vedayati. Kassa vedan±ti na kassaci sattassa v± puggalassa v± vedan±. Ki½ k±raŗ± vedan±ti vatthu-±rammaŗ±va panassa vedan±. Tasm± esa eva½ paj±n±ti– “ta½ ta½ sukh±d²na½ vatthu½ ±rammaŗa½ katv± vedan±va vedayati. Ta½ pana vedan±pavatti½ up±d±ya ‘aha½ veday±m²’ti voh±ramatta½ hot²”ti. Eva½ vedan±va vatthu½ ±rammaŗa½ katv± vedan±va vedayat²ti sallakkhento esa “sukha½ vedana½ veday±m²”ti paj±n±t²ti veditabbo. Cittalapabbate ańńataro thero viya. Thero kira aph±sukak±le balavavedan±ya nitthunanto apar±para½ parivattati. Tameko daharo ±ha “katara½ vo, bhante, µh±na½ rujjat²”ti. ¾vuso, p±µiyekka½ rujjanaµµh±na½ n±ma natthi, vatthu½ ±rammaŗa½ katv± vedan±va vedayat²ti. Eva½ j±nanak±lato paµµh±ya adhiv±setu½ vaµµati no, bhanteti. Adhiv±semi ±vusoti. Adhiv±san±, bhante, seyy±ti. Thero adhiv±sesi. Tato v±to y±va haday± ph±lesi, mańcake ant±ni r±sikat±ni ahesu½. Thero daharassa dassesi “vaµµat±vuso, ettak± adhiv±san±”ti. Daharo tuŗh² ahosi. Thero v²riyasamata½ yojetv± saha paµisambhid±hi arahatta½ p±puŗitv± samas²s² hutv± parinibb±yi.
Yath± ca sukha½, eva½ dukkha½…pe… nir±misa½ adukkhamasukha½ vedana½ vedayam±no “nir±misa½ adukkhamasukha½ vedana½ veday±m²”ti paj±n±ti. Iti bhagav± r³pakammaµµh±na½ kathetv± ar³pakammaµµh±na½ kathento vedan±vasena kathesi. Duvidhańhi kammaµµh±na½ r³pakammaµµh±nańca ar³pakammaµµh±nańca. R³papariggaho ar³papariggahotipi etadeva vuccati. Tattha bhagav± r³pakammaµµh±na½ kathento saŖkhepamanasik±ravasena v± vitth±ramanasik±ravasena v± catudh±tuvavatth±na½ kathesi. Tadubhayampi sabb±k±rato visuddhimagge dassitameva.
Ar³pakammaµµh±na½ pana kathento yebhuyyena vedan±vasena katheti. Tividho hi ar³pakammaµµh±ne abhiniveso phassavasena vedan±vasena cittavasen±ti. Katha½? Ekaccassa hi sa½khittena v± vitth±rena v± pariggahite r³pakammaµµh±ne tasmi½ ±rammaŗe cittacetasik±na½ paµham±bhinip±to ta½ ±rammaŗa½ phusanto uppajjam±no phasso p±kaµo hoti. Ekaccassa ta½ ±rammaŗa½ anubhavant² uppajjam±n± vedan± p±kaµ± hoti. Ekaccassa ta½ ±rammaŗa½ pariggahetv± vij±nanta½ uppajjam±na½ vińń±ŗa½ p±kaµa½ hoti. Tattha yassa phasso p±kaµo hoti, sopi “na kevala½ phassova uppajjati, tena saddhi½ tadeva ±rammaŗa½ anubhavam±n± vedan±pi uppajjati, sańj±nanam±n± sańń±pi, cetayam±n± cetan±pi, vij±nanam±na½ vińń±ŗampi uppajjat²”ti phassapańcamakeyeva pariggaŗh±ti. Yassa vedan± p±kaµ± hoti. So “na kevala½ vedan±va uppajjati, t±ya saddhi½ tadev±rammaŗa½ phusam±no phassopi uppajjati, sańj±nanam±n± sańń±pi, cetayam±n± cetan±pi, vij±nanam±na½ vińń±ŗampi uppajjat²”ti phassapańcamakeyeva pariggaŗh±ti. Yassa vińń±ŗa½ p±kaµa½ hoti, so “na kevala½ vińń±ŗameva uppajjati, tena saddhi½ tadev±rammaŗa½ phusam±no phassopi uppajjati, anubhavam±n± vedan±pi, sańj±nanam±n± sańń±pi, cetayam±n± cetan±pi uppajjat²”ti phassapańcamakeyeva pariggaŗh±ti.
So “ime phassapańcamak± dhamm± ki½ nissit±”ti upadh±rento “vatthu½ nissit±”ti paj±n±ti. Vatthu n±ma karajak±yo, ya½ sandh±ya vutta½ “idańca me vińń±ŗa½ ettha sita½ ettha paµibaddhan”ti (d². ni. 1.234,235; ma. ni. 2.252). So atthato bh³t±ni ceva up±d±r³p±ni ca. Evamettha “vatthu r³pa½, phassapańcamak± n±man”ti n±mar³pamattameva passati. R³pa½ cettha r³pakkhandho, n±ma½ catt±ro ar³pino khandh±ti pańcakkhandhamatta½ hoti. N±mar³pavinimutt± hi pańcakkhandh±, pańcakkhandhavinimuttańca n±mar³pa½ natthi.
So “ime pańcakkhandh± ki½ hetuk±”ti upaparikkhanto “avijj±dihetuk±”ti passati. Tato paccayo ceva paccayuppannańca ida½, ańńo satto v± puggalo v± natthi, suddhasaŖkh±rapuńjamattamev±ti sappaccayan±mar³pavasena tilakkhaŗa½ ±ropetv± vipassan±paµip±µiy± “anicca½ dukkha½ anatt±”ti sammasanto vicarati.
So “ajja ajj±”ti paµivedha½ ±kaŖkham±no tath±r³pe divase utusapp±ya puggalasapp±ya bhojanasapp±ya dhammassavanasapp±ya½ labhitv± ekapallaŖkena nisinno vipassana½ matthaka½ p±petv± arahatte patiµµh±ti. Eva½ imesampi tiŗŗa½ jan±na½ y±va arahatt± kammaµµh±na½ kathita½ hoti.
Idha pana bhagav± ar³pakammaµµh±na½ kathento vedan±vasena kathesi. Phassavasena v± hi vińń±ŗavasena v± kath²yam±na½ na p±kaµa½ hoti, andhak±ra½ viya kh±yati. Vedan±vasena pana p±kaµa½ hoti. Kasm±? Vedan±na½ uppattip±kaµat±ya. Sukhadukkhavedan±nańhi uppatti p±kaµ±. Yad± sukha½ uppajjati, sakalasar²ra½ khobhenta½ maddanta½ pharam±na½ abhisandayam±na½ satadhota½ sappi½ kh±d±payanta½ viya satap±katela½ makkhayam±na½ viya ghaµasahassena pari¼±ha½ nibb±payam±na½ viya “aho sukha½ aho sukhan”ti v±ca½ nicch±rayam±nameva uppajjati. Yad± dukkha½ uppajjati, sakalasar²ra½ khobhenta½ maddanta½ pharam±na½ abhisandayam±na½ tattaph±la½ pavesenta½ viya vil²natambalohena ±sińcanta½ viya sukkhatiŗavanappatimhi arańńe d±ru-ukk±kal±pa½ khipam±na½ viya “aho dukkha½ aho dukkhan”ti vippal±payam±nameva uppajjati. Iti sukhadukkhavedan±na½ uppatti p±kaµ± hoti.
Adukkhamasukh± pana dudd²pan± andhak±r±va avibh³t±. S± sukhadukkh±na½ apagame s±t±s±tappaµikkhepavasena majjhatt±k±rabh³t± adukkhamasukh± vedan±ti nayato gaŗhantassa p±kaµ± hoti. Yath± ki½? Yath± antar± piµµhip±s±ŗa½ ±rohitv± pal±tassa migassa anupatha½ gacchanto migaluddako piµµhip±s±ŗassa orabh±gepi parabh±gepi pada½ disv± majjhe apassantopi “ito ±ru¼ho, ito oru¼ho, majjhe piµµhip±s±ŗe imin± padesena gato bhavissat²”ti nayato j±n±ti, eva½ ±ru¼haµµh±ne pada½ viya hi sukhavedan±ya uppatti p±kaµ± hoti. Oru¼haµµh±ne pada½ viya dukkhavedan±ya uppatti p±kaµ± hoti. “Ito ±ruyha ito oruyha majjhe eva½ gato”ti nayato gahaŗa½ viya sukhadukkh±na½ apagame s±t±s±tappaµikkhepavasena majjhatt±k±rabh³t± adukkhamasukh± vedan±ti nayato gaŗhantassa p±kaµ± hoti. Eva½ bhagav± paµhama½ r³pakammaµµh±na½ kathetv± pacch± ar³pakammaµµh±na½ vedan±vasena nibbattetv±va dassesi.
Na kevalańca idheva eva½ dassesi, c³¼ataŗh±saŖkhaye, mah±taŗh±saŖkhaye, c³¼avedalle, mah±vedalle, raµµhap±lasutte, m±gaŗ¹iyasutte, dh±tuvibhaŖge, ±neńjasapp±ye, d²ghanik±yamhi mah±nid±ne, sakkapańhe, mah±satipaµµh±ne, sa½yuttamhi c³¼anid±nasutte, rukkhopame, pariv²ma½sanasutte, sakale vedan±sa½yutteti eva½ anekesu suttesu paµhama½ r³pakammaµµh±na½ kathetv± pacch± ar³pakammaµµh±na½ vedan±vasena nibbattetv± dassesi. Yath± ca tesu, eva½ imasmimpi satipaµµh±nasutte paµhama½ r³pakammaµµh±na½ kathetv± pacch± ar³pakammaµµh±na½ vedan±vasena nibbattetv± dassesi.
Tattha sukha½ vedananti-±d²su aya½ aparopi paj±nanapariy±yo– sukha½ vedana½ veday±m²ti paj±n±t²ti sukhavedan±kkhaŗe dukkh±ya vedan±ya abh±vato sukha½ vedana½ vedayam±no “sukha½ vedana½ veday±m²”ti paj±n±ti. Tena y± pubbe anubh³tapubb± dukkh± vedan±, tass± id±ni abh±vato imiss± ca sukh±ya vedan±ya ito paµhama½ abh±vato vedan± n±ma anicc± adhuv± vipariŗ±madhamm±, itiha tattha sampaj±no hoti.
Vuttampi ceta½ bhagavat±–
“Yasmi½ aggivessana samaye sukha½ vedana½ vedeti, neva tasmi½ samaye dukkha½ vedana½ vedeti, na adukkhamasukha½ vedana½ vedeti, sukha½yeva tasmi½ samaye vedana½ vedeti, yasmi½ aggivessana samaye dukkha½…pe… adukkhamasukha½ vedana½ vedeti, neva tasmi½ samaye sukha½ vedana½ vedeti, na dukkha½ vedana½ vedeti, adukkhamasukhańńeva tasmi½ samaye vedana½ vedeti. Sukh±pi kho aggivessana vedan± anicc± saŖkhat± paµiccasamuppann± khayadhamm± vayadhamm± vir±gadhamm± nirodhadhamm±. Dukkh±pi kho…pe… adukkhamasukh±pi kho aggivessana vedan± anicc±…pe… nirodhadhamm±. Eva½ passa½ aggivessana sutav± ariyas±vako sukh±yapi vedan±ya dukkh±yapi vedan±ya adukkhamasukh±yapi vedan±ya nibbindati, nibbinda½ virajjati, vir±g± vimuccati, vimuttasmi½ vimuttamiti ń±ŗa½ hoti. ‘Kh²ŗ± j±ti, vusita½ brahmacariya½, kata½ karaŗ²ya½, n±para½ itthatt±y±’ti paj±n±t²”ti (ma. ni. 2.205).
S±misa½ v± sukhanti-±d²su s±mis± sukh± n±ma pańcak±maguŗ±misanissit± cha gehasitasomanassavedan±. Nir±mis± sukh± n±ma cha nekkhammasitasomanassavedan±. S±mis± dukkh± n±ma cha gehasitadomanassavedan±. Nir±mis± dukkh± n±ma cha nekkhammasitadomanassavedan±. S±mis± adukkhamasukh± n±ma cha gehasita-upekkh± vedan±. Nir±mis± adukkhamasukh± n±ma cha nekkhammasita-upekkh± vedan±. T±sa½ vibh±go uparipaŗŗ±sake p±¼iya½ ±gatoyeva.
Iti ajjhatta½ v±ti eva½ sukhavedan±dipariggahaŗena attano v± vedan±su, parassa v± vedan±su, k±lena v± attano, k±lena v± parassa vedan±su vedan±nupass² viharati. Samudayavayadhamm±nupass² v±ti ettha pana “avijj±samuday± vedan±samudayo”ti-±d²hi (paµi. ma. 1.50) pańcahi pańcahi ±k±rehi vedan±na½ samudayańca vayańca passanto samudayadhamm±nupass² v± vedan±su viharati, vayadhamm±nupass² v± vedan±su viharati, k±lena samudayadhamm±nupass² v±, k±lena vayadhamm±nupass² v± vedan±su viharat²ti veditabbo. Ito para½ k±y±nupassan±ya½ vuttanayameva.
Kevalańhi idha vedan±parigg±hik± sati dukkhasaccanti eva½ yojana½ katv± vedan±parigg±hakassa bhikkhuno niyy±namukha½ veditabba½. Sesa½ t±disamev±ti.

Vedan±nupassan± niµµhit±.