“Ubho p±d±ni bhinditv±, sańńapess±mi vo aha½;
aµµiy±mi har±y±mi, sar±gamaraŗa½ aha½.
Ev±ha½ cintayitv±na, yath±bh³ta½ vipassisa½;
sampatte aruŗuggamhi, arahattamap±puŗin”ti.
Aparepi ti½sa bhikkh³ bhagavato santike kammaµµh±na½ gahetv± arańńavih±re vassa½ upagantv± “±vuso, tiy±maratti½ samaŗadhammova k±tabbo, na ańńamańńassa santika½ ±gantabban”ti vatv± vihari½su. Tesa½ samaŗadhamma½ katv± pacc³sasamaye pacal±yant±na½ eko byaggho ±gantv± ekeka½ bhikkhu½ gahetv± gacchati. Na koci “ma½ byaggho gaŗh²”ti v±campi nicch±resi. Eva½ pańcasu dasasu bhikkh³su kh±ditesu uposathadivase “itare, ±vuso, kuhin”ti pucchitv± ńatv± ca “id±ni gahitena, gahitomh²ti vattabban”ti vatv± vihari½su.
Atha ańńatara½ daharabhikkhu½ purimanayeneva byaggho gaŗhi. So “byaggho, bhante”ti ±ha. Bhikkh³ kattaradaŗ¹e ca ukk±yo ca gahetv± mocess±m±ti anubandhi½su. Byaggho bhikkh³na½ agati½ chinnataµaµµh±na½ ±ruyha ta½ bhikkhu½ p±daŖguµµhakato paµµh±ya kh±ditu½ ±rabhi. Itarepi “id±ni sappurisa, amhehi kattabba½ natthi, bhikkh³na½ viseso n±ma evar³pe µh±ne pańń±yat²”ti ±ha½su. So byagghamukhe nipannova ta½ vedana½ vikkhambhetv± vipassana½ va¹¹hento y±va gopphak± kh±ditasamaye sot±panno hutv±, y±va jaŗŗuk± kh±ditasamaye sakad±g±m², y±va n±bhiy± kh±ditasamaye an±g±m² hutv±, hadayar³pe akh±diteyeva saha paµisambhid±hi arahatta½ patv± ima½ ud±na½ ud±nesi–
“S²lav± vatasampanno, pańńav± susam±hito;
muhutta½ pam±damanv±ya, byagghenoruddham±naso.
Pańjarasmi½ gahetv±na, sil±ya upar²kato;
k±ma½ kh±datu ma½ byaggho, bhakkho k±yo amitt±na½;
paµiladdhe kammaµµh±ne, maraŗa½ hehiti bhaddakan”ti.
Aparopi p²tamallatthero n±ma gihik±le t²su rajjesu paµ±ka½ gahetv± tambapaŗŗid²pa½ ±gamma r±j±na½ disv± rańń± kat±nuggaho ekadivasa½ kilańjak±paŗas±ladv±rena gacchanto “r³pa½, bhikkhave, na tumh±ka½, ta½ pajahatha, ta½ vo pah²na½ d²gharatta½ hit±ya sukh±ya bhavissat²”ti (sa½. ni. 3.33-34) natumh±kavagga½ sutv± cintesi “neva kira r³pa½ attano, na vedan±”ti. So ta½yeva aŖkusa½ katv± nikkhamitv± mah±vih±ra½ gantv± pabbajja½ y±citv± pabbajito upasampanno dvem±tik± paguŗa½ katv± ti½sa bhikkh³ gahetv± gabalav±liya-aŖgaŗa½ gantv± samaŗadhammamak±si. P±desu avahantesu jaŗŗukehi caŖkamati. Tamena½ ratti½ eko migaluddako migoti mańńam±no sattiy± pahari. Satti vinivijjhitv± gat±. So ta½ satti½ har±petv± pah±ramukh±ni tiŗavaµµiy± p³r±petv± p±s±ŗapiµµhiya½ att±na½ nis²d±petv± ok±sa½ k±retv± vipassana½ va¹¹hetv± saha paµisambhid±hi arahatta½ patv± ukk±sitasaddena ±gat±na½ bhikkh³na½ by±karitv± ima½ ud±na½ ud±nesi–
“Bh±sita½ buddhaseµµhassa, sabbalokaggav±dino;
na tumh±kamida½ r³pa½, ta½ jaheyy±tha bhikkhavo.
Anicc± vata saŖkh±r±, upp±davayadhammino;
uppajjitv± nirujjhanti, tesa½ v³pasamo sukho”ti.
Atha na½ bhikkh³ ±ha½su “sace, bhante, samm±sambuddho arogo abhaviss±, addh± te muddhamatthake hattha½ pas±retv± s²sa½ par±maseyy±”ti. Ett±vat± aya½ maggo tissatther±d²na½ viya dukkhassa atthaŖgam±ya sa½vattati.
Sakko pana dev±namindo attano pańcavidha½ pubbanimitta½ disv± maraŗabhayasantajjito domanassaj±to bhagavanta½ upasaŖkamitv± pańha½ pucchi. So upekkh±pańhavissajjan±vas±ne as²tisahass±hi devat±hi saddhi½ sot±pattiphale patiµµh±si. S± cassa upapatti puna p±katik±va ahosi.
Subrahm±pi devaputto acchar±sahassapariv±ro saggasampatti½ anubhoti, tattha pańcasat± acchar±yo rukkhato pupph±ni ocinantiyo cavitv± niraye upapann±. So “ki½ im± cir±yant²”ti upadh±rento t±sa½ niraye nibbattabh±va½ disv± “kittaka½ nu kho mama ±y³”ti upaparikkhanto attanopi ±yuparikkhaya½ viditv± tattheva niraye nibbattanabh±va½ disv± bh²to ativiya domanassaj±to hutv± “ima½ me domanassa½ satth± vinayissati na ańńo”ti avases± pańcasat± acchar±yo gahetv± bhagavanta½ upasaŖkamitv± pańha½ pucchi–
“Nicca½ utrastamida½ citta½, nicca½ ubbiggida½ mano;
anuppannesu kicchesu, atho uppatitesu ca;
sace atthi anutrasta½, ta½ me akkh±hi pucchito”ti. (Sa½. ni. 1.98).
Tato na½ bhagav± ±ha–
“N±ńńatra bojjh± tapas±, n±ńńatrindriyasa½var±;
n±ńńatra sabbanissagg±, sotthi½ pass±mi p±ŗinan”ti. (Sa½. ni. 1.98).
So desan±pariyos±ne pańcahi acchar±satehi saddhi½ sot±pattiphale patiµµh±ya ta½ sampatti½ th±vara½ katv± devalokameva agam±s²ti Evamaya½ maggo bh±vito sakk±d²na½ viya domanassassa atthaŖgam±ya sa½vattat²ti veditabbo.
ѱyassa adhigam±y±ti ń±yo vuccati ariyo aµµhaŖgiko maggo, tassa adhigam±ya, pattiy±ti vutta½ hoti. Ayańhi pubbabh±ge lokiyo satipaµµh±namaggo bh±vito lokuttarassa maggassa adhigam±ya sa½vattati. Ten±ha “ń±yassa adhigam±y±”ti. Nibb±nassa sacchikiriy±y±ti taŗh±v±navirahitatt± nibb±nanti laddhan±massa amatassa sacchikiriy±ya, attapaccakkhat±y±ti vutta½ hoti. Ayańhi maggo bh±vito anupubbena nibb±nasacchikiriya½ s±dheti. Ten±ha “nibb±nassa sacchikiriy±y±”ti.
Tattha kińc±pi “satt±na½ visuddhiy±”ti vutte sokasamatikkam±d²ni atthato siddh±neva honti, µhapetv± pana s±sanayuttikovide ańńesa½ na p±kaµ±ni, na ca bhagav± paµhama½ s±sanayuttikovida½ jana½ katv± pacch± dhamma½ deseti. Tena teneva pana suttena ta½ ta½ attha½ ń±peti. Tasm± idha ya½ ya½ attha½ ek±yanamaggo s±dheti, ta½ ta½ p±kaµa½ katv± dassento “sokaparidev±na½ samatikkam±y±”ti-±dim±ha. Yasm± v± y± satt±na½ visuddhi ek±yanamaggena sa½vattati, s± sokaparidev±na½ samatikkamena hoti, sokaparidev±na½ samatikkamo dukkhadomanass±na½ atthaŖgamena, dukkhadomanass±na½ atthaŖgamo ń±yass±dhigamena, ń±yass±dhigamo nibb±nassa sacchikiriy±ya. Tasm± imampi kama½ dassento “satt±na½ visuddhiy±”ti vatv± “sokaparidev±na½ samatikkam±y±”ti-±dim±ha.
Apica vaŗŗabhaŗanameta½ ek±yanamaggassa. Yatheva hi bhagav± “dhamma½ vo, bhikkhave, desess±mi ±dikaly±ŗa½ majjhekaly±ŗa½ pariyos±nakaly±ŗa½ s±ttha½ sabyańjana½ kevalaparipuŗŗa½ parisuddha½ brahmacariya½ pak±sess±mi, yadida½ chachakk±n²”ti (ma. ni. 3.420) chachakkadesan±ya aµµhahi padehi vaŗŗa½ abh±si, yath± ca ariyava½sadesan±ya “catt±rome, bhikkhave, ariyava½s± aggańń± rattańń± va½sańń± por±ŗ± asa½kiŗŗ± asa½kiŗŗapubb± na sa½k²yanti, na sa½k²yissanti, appaµikuµµh± samaŗehi br±hmaŗehi vińń³h²”ti (a. ni. 4.28) navahi padehi vaŗŗa½ abh±si, eva½ imassapi ek±yanamaggassa satt±na½ visuddhiy±ti-±d²hi sattahi padehi vaŗŗa½ abh±si.
Kasm± iti ce? Tesa½ bhikkh³na½ uss±hajananattha½. Vaŗŗabh±sanańhi sutv± te bhikkh³ “aya½ kira maggo hadayasant±pabh³ta½ soka½, v±c±vippal±pabh³ta½ parideva½, k±yika-as±tabh³ta½ dukkha½, cetasika-as±tabh³ta½ domanassanti catt±ro upaddave hanati, visuddhi½ ń±ya½ nibb±nanti tayo visese ±vahat²”ti uss±haj±t± ima½ dhammadesana½ uggahetabba½ pariy±puŗitabba½ dh±retabba½ v±cetabba½, imańca magga½ bh±vetabba½ mańńissanti. Iti tesa½ bhikkh³na½ uss±hajananattha½ vaŗŗa½ abh±si, kambalav±ŗij±dayo kambal±d²na½ vaŗŗa½ viya.
Yath± hi satasahassagghanikapaŗ¹ukambalav±ŗijena kambala½ gaŗhath±ti ugghositepi asukakambaloti na t±va manuss± j±nanti. Kesakambalav±lakambal±dayopi hi duggandh± kharasamphass± kambal±tveva vuccanti. Yad± pana tena gandh±rako rattakambalo sukhumo ujjalo sukhasamphassoti ugghosita½ hoti, tad± ye pahonti, te gaŗhanti. Ye na pahonti, tepi dassanak±m± honti, evameva½ “ek±yano aya½, bhikkhave, maggo”ti vuttepi asukamaggoti na t±va p±kaµo hoti. N±nappak±rak± hi aniyy±namagg±pi magg±tveva vuccanti. “Satt±na½ visuddhiy±”ti-±dimhi pana vutte “aya½ kira maggo catt±ro upaddave hanati, tayo visese ±vahat²”ti uss±haj±t± ima½ dhammadesana½ uggahetabba½ pariy±puŗitabba½ dh±retabba½ v±cetabba½, imańca magga½ bh±vetabba½ mańńissant²ti vaŗŗa½ bh±santo “satt±na½ visuddhiy±”ti-±dim±ha. Yath± ca satasahassagghanikapaŗ¹ukambalav±ŗijopam±, eva½ rattajambunadasuvaŗŗa-udakappas±dakamaŗiratanasuvisuddhamutt±ratanadhotapav±¼±div±ŗij³pam±dayopettha ±haritabb±.
Yadidanti nip±to, ye imeti ayamassa attho. Catt±roti gaŗanaparicchedo, tena na tato heµµh± na uddhanti satipaµµh±napariccheda½ d²peti. Satipaµµh±n±ti tayo satipaµµh±n± satigocaropi, tidh± paµipannesu s±vakesu satthuno paµigh±nunayav²tivattat±pi, satipi. “Catunna½ bhikkhave, satipaµµh±n±na½ samudayańca atthaŖgamańca desess±mi, ta½ suŗ±tha…pe…. Ko ca, bhikkhave, k±yassa samudayo? ¾h±rasamuday± k±yasamudayo”ti-±d²su (sa½. ni. 3.408) hi satigocaro satipaµµh±nanti vuccati. Tath± “k±yo paµµh±na½, no sati. Sati paµµh±nańceva sati c±”ti-±d²supi (paµi. ma. 3.35). Tassattho– patiµµh±ti asminti paµµh±na½. K± patiµµh±ti? Sati. Satiy± paµµh±na½ satipaµµh±na½. Padh±naµµh±nanti v± paµµh±na½. Satiy± paµµh±na½ satipaµµh±na½, hatthiµµh±na-assaµµh±n±d²ni viya. “Tayo satipaµµh±n±, yadariyo sevati, yadariyo sevam±no satth± gaŗamanus±situmarahat²”ti (ma. ni. 3.311) etth±pi tidh± paµipannesu s±vakesu satthuno paµigh±nunayav²tivattat± “satipaµµh±nan”ti vutt±. Tassattho– paµµhapetabbato paµµh±na½, pavattayitabbatoti attho. Kena paµµhapetabbatoti? Satiy±. Satiy± paµµh±na½ satipaµµh±nanti. “Catt±ro satipaµµh±n± bh±vit± bahul²kat± satta bojjhaŖge parip³rent²”ti-±d²su (sa½. ni. 5.989) pana satiyeva “satipaµµh±nan”ti vuccati. Tassattho– patiµµh±t²ti paµµh±na½, upaµµh±ti okkantitv± pakkhanditv± pavattat²ti attho. Satiyeva paµµh±na½ satipaµµh±na½. Atha v± saraŗaµµhena sati, upaµµh±naµµhena paµµh±na½. Iti sati ca s± paµµh±nańc±tipi satipaµµh±na½. Idamidha adhippeta½.
Yadi eva½, kasm± “satipaµµh±n±”ti bahuvacana½? Satibahutt±. ¾rammaŗabhedena hi bahuk± et± satiyo. Atha maggoti kasm± ekavacana½? Maggaµµhena ekatt±. Catassopi hi et± satiyo maggaµµhena ekatta½ gacchanti. Vuttańheta½ “maggoti kenaµµhena maggo? Nibb±nagamanaµµhena, nibb±natthikehi maggan²yaµµhena c±”ti. Catassopi cet± aparabh±ge k±y±d²su ±rammaŗesu kicca½ s±dhayam±n± nibb±na½ gacchanti. ¾dito paµµh±ya ca nibb±natthikehi magg²yanti, tasm± catassopi eko maggoti vuccanti Evańca sati vacan±nusandhin± s±nusandhik±va desan± hoti, “m±rasenappamaddana½ vo, bhikkhave, magga½ desess±mi, ta½ suŗ±tha…pe… katamo ca, bhikkhave, m±rasenappamaddano maggo? Yadida½ sattabojjhaŖg±”ti-±d²su (sa½. ni. 5.224) viya hi yath± m±rasenappamaddanoti ca sattabojjhaŖg±ti ca atthato eka½, byańjanamevettha n±na½. Eva½ ek±yanamaggoti ca catt±ro satipaµµh±n±ti ca atthato eka½, byańjanamevettha n±na½. Tasm± maggaµµhena ekatt± ekavacana½, ±rammaŗabhedena satibahutt± bahuvacana½ veditabba½.