Tatiyav±re subhanimittanti r±gaµµh±niya½ iµµh±rammaºa½. Manasi karissat²ti tasmi½ vipannassati ta½ nimitta½ ±vajjissati. Tassa subhanimittassa manasik±r±ti tassa puggalassa subhanimittamanasik±rak±raº±. Anuddha½sessat²ti hi½sissati adhibhavissati. R±go hi uppajjanto kusalav±ra½ pacchinditv± sayameva akusalajavana½ hutv± tiµµhanto kusalacitta½ anuddha½set²ti veditabbo. Sesa½ vuttanay±nus±reneva gahetabba½.
Opammasa½sandan± panettha eva½ veditabb±– parisuddhaka½sap±tisadiso pakatiy± appakileso anaªgaºapuggalo. Parisuddhaka½sap±tiy± naparibhuñjana½ ±di½ katv± raj±pathe nikkhepo viya tassa puggalassa pabbajja½ labham±nass±ti ito para½ sabba½ paµhamav±rasadisameva.
Catutthav±re subhanimitta½ na manasi karissat²ti tasmi½ sativirah±bh±vato ta½ nimitta½ n±vajjissati, sesa½ dutiyav±r±nus±rena veditabba½. “Aya½ kho, ±vuso”ti-±di “ko nu kho, ±vuso”ti-±dimhi vuttanayameva.
60. Id±ni ta½ aªgaºa½ n±nappak±rato p±kaµa½ k±r±petuk±men±yasmat± mah±moggall±nena “aªgaºa½ aªgaºan”ti-±din± nayena puµµho ta½ by±karonto p±pak±na½ kho eta½, ±vusoti-±dim±ha. Tattha icch±vacar±nanti icch±ya avacar±na½, icch±vasena otiºº±na½ pavatt±na½ n±nappak±r±na½ kopa-appaccay±nanti attho. Ya½ idhekaccass±ti yena idhekaccassa eva½ icch± uppajjeyya, ta½ µh±na½ ta½ k±raºa½ vijjati atthi, upalabbhat²ti vutta½ hoti. ¾panno assanti ±panno bhaveyya½. Na ca ma½ bhikkh³ j±neyyunti bhikkh³ ca ma½ na j±neyyu½. Ki½ panettha µh±na½, l±bhatthikat±. L±bhatthiko hi bhikkhu pakatiy±pi ca katapuñño manussehi sakkato garukato eva½ cinteti “±patti½ ±panna½ bhikkhu½ ther± ñatv± majjhim±na½ ±rocenti, te navak±na½, navak± vih±re vigh±s±d±d²na½, te ov±da½ ±gat±na½ bhikkhun²na½, eva½ kamena catasso paris± j±nanti. Evamassa l±bhantar±yo hoti. Aho vat±ha½ ±pattiñca vata ±panno assa½, na ca ma½ bhikkh³ j±neyyun”ti.
Ya½ ta½ bhikkhu½ bhikkh³ j±neyyunti yena k±raºena ta½ bhikkhu½ aññe bhikkh³ j±neyyu½, ta½ k±raºa½ vijjati kho pana atthiyeva, no natthi. Ther± hi ñatv± majjhim±na½ ±rocenti. Eva½ so pubbe vuttanayena cat³su paris±su p±kaµo hoti. Eva½ p±kaµo ca ayas±bhibh³to g±masatampi pavisitv± umm±rasatesu µh±nesu uñchitv± yath±dhotena pattena nikkhamati. Tato j±nanti ma½ bhikkh³ ±patti½ ±pannoti tehi camhi eva½ n±sitoti cintetv±, iti so kupito hoti appat²to so imin± k±raºena kupito ceva hoti kodh±bhibh³to appat²to ca domanass±bhibh³to.
Yo ceva kho ±vuso, kopo yo ca appaccayo ubhayameta½ aªgaºanti, ±vuso, yo c±ya½ saªkh±rakkhandhasaªgahito kopo, yo ca vedan±kkhandhasaªgahito appaccayo, eta½ ubhaya½ aªgaºanti evamettha attho daµµhabbo. Idañca t±dis±na½ puggal±na½ vasena vutta½. Lobho pana imassa aªgaºassa pubbabh±gavasena, moho sampayogavasen±pi gahitoyeva hoti.
Anuraho manti purimasadisameva bhikkhu½ gahetv± vih±rapaccante sen±sana½ pavesetv± dv±ra½ thaketv± codente icchati. Ýh±na½ kho panetanti eta½ k±raºa½ vijjati, ya½ ta½ bhikkhu½ catuparisamajjhe ±netv± byatt± vin²t± “tay± asukamhi n±ma µh±ne vejjakamma½ katan”ti-±din± nayena codeyyu½. So cat³su paris±su p±kaµo hoti. Eva½ p±kaµo ca ayas±bhibh³toti sabba½ purimasadisameva.
Sappaµipuggaloti sam±no puggalo. Sam±noti s±pattiko. Paµipuggaloti codako. Aya½ s±pattikeneva codana½ icchati, tvampi imañcimañca ±patti½ ±panno, ta½ t±va paµikarohi pacch± ma½ codessas²ti vattu½ sakk±ti maññam±no. Apica j±ti-±d²hipi sam±no puggalo sappaµipuggalo. Ayañhi attano j±tiy± kulena b±husaccena byattat±ya dhutaªgen±ti evam±d²hipi sam±neneva codana½ icchati, t±disena vutta½ n±tidukkha½ hot²ti maññam±no. Appaµipuggaloti ettha ayutto paµipuggalo appaµipuggalo. Imehi ±patt±d²hi asadisatt± paµisattu paµisallo codako bhavitu½ ayuttoti vutta½ hoti. Iti so kupitoti iti so im±ya appaµipuggalacodan±ya eva½ kupito hoti.
Catutthav±re aho vat±ti “aho vata re amh±ka½ paº¹itak±, aho vata re amh±ka½ bahussutak± tevijjak±”ti (d². ni. 1.291) garah±ya½ dissati. “Aho vata ma½ dahara½yeva sam±na½ rajje abhisiñceyyun”ti (mah±va. 57) patthan±ya½. Idha patthan±yameva. Paµipucchitv± paµipucchitv±ti punappuna½ pucchitv±. Aya½ bhikkhu l±bhatthiko bhagavato att±na½ paµipucchitabba½ icchati, tañca kho anumatipucch±ya, no magga½ v± phala½ v± vipassana½ v± antara½ katv±. Ayañhi passati bhagavanta½ s±riputt±dayo mah±there “ta½ ki½ maññasi, s±riputta, moggall±na, kassapa r±hula cakkhu½ nicca½ v± anicca½ v±”ti eva½ parisamajjhe paµipucchitv± paµipucchitv± dhamma½ desenta½, manusse ca “tesa paº¹it± ther± satthu citta½ ±r±dhent²”ti vaººa½ bhaºante, l±bhasakk±rañca upaharante. Tasm± ta½ l±bhasakk±ra½ icchanto eva½ cintetv± nikhaºitv± µhapitakh±ºu viya bhagavato puratova hoti.
Iti so kupitoti atha bhagav± ta½ amanasikaritv±va añña½ thera½ paµipucchitv± dhamma½ deseti tena so kupito hoti bhagavato ca therassa ca. Katha½ bhagavato kuppati? “Aha½ pabbajitak±lato pabhuti gandhakuµipariveºato bahinikkhamana½ na j±n±mi, sabbak±la½ ch±y±va na vijah±mi, ma½ n±ma pucchitv± dhammadesan±mattampi natthi. Ta½muhutta½ diµµhamattakameva thera½ pucchitv± dhamma½ deset²”ti eva½ bhagavato kuppati. Katha½ therassa kuppati? “Aya½ mahallakatthero bhagavato purato kh±ºu viya nis²dati, kad± nu kho ima½ dhammakammik± abhabbaµµh±na½ p±petv± n²harissanti, ayañhi yadi imasmi½ vih±re na bhaveyya, avassa½ bhagav± may± saddhi½ sallapeyy±”ti eva½ therassa kuppati.
Purakkhatv± purakkhatv±ti purato purato katv±, sampariv±retv±ti vutta½ hoti. Ayampi l±bhatthikoyeva, ayañhi passati bahussute bhikkh³ mah±pariv±rena g±ma½ pavisante, cetiya½ vandante, tesañca ta½ sampatti½ disv± up±sake pasanne pasann±k±ra½ karonte. Tasm± eva½ icchati. Kupitoti ayampi dv²su µh±nesu kuppati bhikkh³na½ therassa ca. Katha½ bhikkh³na½? “Ime yadeva mayha½ uppajjati c²vara½ v± piº¹ap±to v±, ta½ gahetv± paribhuñjanti, mayha½ pana pattac²vara½ gahetv± piµµhito ±gacchantopi natth²”ti eva½ bhikkh³na½ kuppati. Katha½ therassa? “Eso mahallakatthero tesu tesu µh±nesu sayameva paññ±yati, kud±ssu n±ma na½ dhammakammik± nikka¹¹hissanti, imasmi½ asati avassa½ ma½yeva pariv±ressant²”ti.
Bhattaggeti bhojanaµµh±ne. Agg±sananti saªghatther±sana½. Aggodakanti dakkhiºodaka½. Aggapiº¹anti saªghattherapiº¹a½. Sabbattha v± agganti paº²t±dhivacanameta½. Tattha ahameva labheyyanti icch± n±timah±s±vajj±. Na añño bhikkhu labheyy±ti pana atimah±s±vajj± Ayampi l±bhatthiko p±s±diko hoti c²varadh±raº±d²hi, kad±ci pabbajati, kad±ci vibbhamati. Tena so pubbe laddhapubba½ ±san±di½ pacch± alabhanto eva½ cintesi. Na so bhikkhu labheyy±ti na so bhikkhu ther±na½ agg±san±d²su tadanus±rena majjhim±na½ aññesañca nav±na½ kad±ci ya½ v± ta½ v± sabbanih²na½ ±san±di½ labhati. Kupitoti ayampi dv²su µh±nesu kuppati manuss±nañca ther±nañca. Katha½ manuss±na½? “Ime maªgal±d²su ma½ niss±ya bhikkh³ labhanti, ete, ‘bhante, ettake bhikkh³ gahetv± amh±ka½ anukampa½ karoth±’ti vadanti, id±ni ta½muhutta½ diµµhamattaka½ mahallakatthera½ gahetv± gat±, hotu id±ni, nesa½ kicce uppanne j±niss±m²”ti eva½ manuss±na½ kuppati. Katha½ ther±na½? “Ime n±ma yadi na bhaveyyu½, ma½yeva manuss± nimanteyyun”ti eva½ ther±na½ kuppati.
Anumodeyyanti anumodana½ kareyya½. Ayampi l±bhatthiko ya½ v± ta½ v± khaº¹±numodana½ j±n±ti, “so anumodanaµµh±ne bah³ m±tug±m± ±gacchanti, t± ma½ sañj±nitv± tato pabhuti th±lakabhikkha½ dassant²”ti patthento eva½ cintesi. Ýh±nanti bahussut±na½ anumodan± bh±ro, tena bahussuto anumodeyy±ti vutta½ hoti. Kupitoti ayampi t²su µh±nesu kuppati manuss±na½ therassa dhammakathikassa ca. Katha½ manuss±na½? “Ime pubbe ma½yeva upasaªkamitv± y±canti ‘amh±ka½ n±gatthero amh±ka½ sumanatthero anumodat³’ti, ajja pana n±vocun”ti eva½ manuss±na½ kuppati. Katha½ therassa? “Aya½ saªghatthero ‘tumh±ka½ kulupaka½ n±gatthera½ sumanatthera½ upasaªkamatha, aya½ anumodissat²’ti na bhaºat²”ti eva½ therassa kuppati. Katha½ dhammakathikassa? “Therena vuttamatteyeva pah±ra½ laddhakukkuµo viya turitaturita½ vassati, ima½ n±ma nikka¹¹hant± natthi, imasmiñhi asati ahameva anumodeyyan”ti eva½ dhammakathikassa kuppati.
¾r±magat±nanti vih±re sannipatit±na½. Ayampi l±bhatthiko ya½ v± ta½ v± khaº¹adhammakatha½ j±n±ti, so passati t±disesu µh±nesu dviyojanatiyojanato sannipatitv± bhikkh³ sabbarattik±ni dhammassavan±ni suºante, tuµµhacitte ca dahare v± s±maºere v± s±dhu s±dh³ti mah±saddena s±dhuk±ra½ dente, tato dutiyadivase antog±magate bhikkh³ up±sak± pucchanti “ke, bhante, dhamma½ kathesun”ti. Te bhaºanti “asuko ca asuko c±”ti. Ta½ sutv± pasann± manuss± dhammakathik±na½ mah±sakk±ra½ karonti. So ta½ iccham±no eva½ cintesi. Ýh±nanti bahussut±na½ vinicchayakusal±na½ dhammadesan± bh±ro, tena bahussuto deseyy±ti vutta½ hoti. Kupitoti catuppadika½ g±thampi vattu½ ok±sa½ alabham±no kupito hoti attano mandabh±vassa “ahañhi mando duppañño kuto labhiss±mi desetun”ti.
Bhikkhun²nanti ov±dattha½ v± uddesattha½ v± paripucchattha½ v± p³j±karaºattha½ v± ±r±ma½ ±gantv± sannipatitabhikkhun²na½. Ayampi l±bhatthiko, tasseva½ hoti im± mah±kul± pabbajit± bhikkhuniyo, t±su kulesu pavisetv± nisinn±su manuss± pucchissanti “kassa santike ov±da½ v± uddesa½ v± paripuccha½ v± gaºhath±”ti. Tato vakkhanti “asuko n±ma ayyo bahussuto, tassa detha karoth±”ti, tenassa eva½ icch± uppajjati. Ýh±nanti ov±d±dayo n±ma bahussut±na½ bh±ro, tena bahussuto deseyy±ti vutta½ hoti. Kupitoti ayampi dv²su µh±nesu kuppati, t±sañca bhikkhun²na½ “im± pubbe ma½ niss±ya uposathappav±raº±d²ni labhanti, t± id±ni ta½muhutta½ diµµhamattakamahallakattherassa santika½ gat±”ti. Dhammakathikassa ca “esa im±sa½ sahas± ov±da½ ad±siyev±”ti.
Up±sak±nanti, ±r±magat±na½ up±sak±na½. Nissaµµhakammant± n±ma mah±-up±sak± honti, te puttabh±tuk±na½ kamma½ niyy±tetv± dhamma½ suºant± vicaranti, aya½ tesa½ desetu½ icchati, ki½ k±raº±? Ime pas²ditv± up±sik±nampi ±rocessanti, tato saddhi½ up±sik±hi mayhameva l±bhasakk±ra½ upaharissant²ti. Ýh±na½ bahussuteneva yojetabba½. Kupitoti ayampi dv²su µh±nesu kuppati, up±sak±nañca “ime aññattha suºanti, amh±ka½ kulupakassa santike suº±m±ti n±gacchanti, hotu id±ni, tesa½ uppanne kicce j±niss±m²”ti dhammakathikassa ca, “ayametesa½ deset²”ti.