Evańca pana vatv± vedehisi aj±nitv± may± katanti gandh±risi½ kham±pesi. Te ubhopi tapa½ caritv± brahmaloka½ agama½su. Eva½ tath±gatassa bodhisattak±lepi d²gharatta½ ±j²vaµµhamakas²la½ parisuddha½ ahosi.
Uttajjh±panno ayam±yasm± bhikkhu yasapattoti ayam±yasm± amh±ka½ satth± bhikkhu ńatta½ pańń±tabh±va½ p±kaµabh±va½ ajjh±panno nu kho, sayańca pariv±rasampatti½ patto nu kho noti. Tena cassa pańń±tajjh±pannabh±vena yasasannissitabh±vena ca ki½ ekacce ±d²nav± sandissanti ud±hu noti eva½ samannesant³ti dasseti. Na t±va, bhikkhaveti, bhikkhave, y±va bhikkhu na r±jar±jamah±matt±d²su abhińń±tabh±va½ v± pariv±rasampatti½ v± ±panno hoti, t±va ekacce m±n±tim±n±dayo ±d²nav± na sa½vijjanti upasant³pasanto viya sot±panno viya sakad±g±m² viya ca viharati. Ariyo nu kho puthujjano nu khotipi ń±tu½ na sakk± hoti.
Yato ca kho, bhikkhaveti yad± pana idhekacco bhikkhu ń±to hoti pariv±rasampanno v±, tad± tiŗhena siŖgena gogaŗa½ vijjhanto duµµhagoŗo viya, migasaŖgha½ abhimaddam±no d²pi viya ca ańńe bhikkh³ tattha tattha vijjhanto ag±ravo asabh±gavutti aggap±dena bh³mi½ phusanto viya carati. Ekacco pana kulaputto yath± yath± ń±to hoti yasass², tath± tath± phalabh±rabharito viya s±li suµµhutara½ onamati, r±jar±jamah±matt±d²su upasaŖkamantesu akińcanabh±va½ paccavekkhitv± samaŗasańńa½ upaµµhapetv± chinnavis±ŗa-usabho viya, caŗ¹±lad±rako viya ca sorato niv±to n²cacitto hutv± bhikkhusaŖghassa ceva sadevakassa ca lokassa, hit±ya sukh±ya paµipajjati. Evar³pa½ paµipatti½ sandh±ya “n±ssa idhekacce ±d²nav±”ti ±ha.
Tath±gato pana aµµhasu lokadhammesu t±d², so hi l±bhepi t±d², al±bhepi t±d², yasepi t±d², ayasepi t±d², pasa½s±yapi t±d², nind±yapi t±d², sukhepi t±d², dukkhepi t±d², tasm± sabb±k±rena n±ssa idhekacce ±d²nav± sa½vijjanti. Abhay³paratoti abhayo hutv± uparato, accant³parato satat³paratoti attho. Na v± bhayena uparatotipi abhay³parato. Catt±ri hi bhay±ni kilesabhaya½ vaµµabhaya½ duggatibhaya½ upav±dabhayanti. Puthujjano cat³hipi bhayehi bh±yati. Sekkh± t²hi, tesańhi duggatibhaya½ pah²na½, iti satta sekkh± bhay³parat±, kh²ŗ±savo abhay³parato n±ma, tassa hi ekampi bhaya½ natthi. Ki½ parav±dabhaya½ natth²ti? Natthi. Par±nuddaya½ pana paµicca, “m±disa½ kh²ŗ±sava½ paµicca satt± m± nassant³”ti upav±da½ rakkhati. M³luppalav±pivih±rav±s² yasatthero viya.
Thero kira m³luppalav±pig±ma½ piŗ¹±ya p±visi. Athassa upaµµh±kakuladv±ra½ pattassa patta½ gahetv± thaŗ¹ilap²µhaka½ niss±ya ±sana½ pańńapesu½. Amaccadh²t±pi ta½yeva p²µhaka½ niss±ya paratobh±ge n²catara½ ±sana½ pańń±petv± nis²di. Eko nev±siko bhikkhu pacch± piŗ¹±ya paviµµho dv±re µhatv±va olokento thero amaccadh²tar± saddhi½ ekamańce nisinnoti sallakkhetv±, “aya½ pa½suk³liko vih±reva upasant³pasanto viya viharati, antog±me pana upaµµh±yik±hi saddhi½ ekamańce nis²dat²”ti cintetv±, “ki½ nu kho may± duddiµµhan”ti punappuna½ oloketv± tath±sańń²va hutv± pakk±mi. Theropi bhattakicca½ katv± vih±ra½ gantv± vasanaµµh±na½ pavisitv± dv±ra½ pidh±ya nis²di. Nev±sikopi katabhattakicco vih±ra½ gantv±, “ta½ pa½suk³lika½ niggaŗhitv± vih±r± nikka¹¹hiss±m²”ti asańńatan²h±rena therassa vasanaµµh±na½ gantv± paribhogaghaµato uluŖkena udaka½ gahetv± mah±sadda½ karonto p±de dhovi. Thero, “ko nu kho aya½ asańńatac±riko”ti ±vajjanto sabba½ ńatv±, “aya½ mayi mana½ padosetv± ap±y³pago m± ahos²”ti veh±sa½ abbhuggantv± kaŗŗik±maŗ¹alasam²pe pallaŖkena nis²di. Nev±siko duµµh±k±rena ghaµika½ ukkhipitv± dv±ra½ vivaritv± anto paviµµho thera½ apassanto, “heµµh±mańca½ paviµµho bhavissat²”ti oloketv± tatth±pi apassanto nikkhamitu½ ±rabhi. Thero ukk±si. Itaro uddha½ olokento disv± adhiv±setu½ asakkonto evam±ha– “patir³pa½ te, ±vuso, pa½suk³lika eva½ ±nubh±vasampannassa upaµµh±yik±ya saddhi½ ekamańce nis²ditun”ti. Pabbajit± n±ma, bhante, m±tug±mena saddhi½ na ekamańce nis²danti, tumhehi pana duddiµµhametanti. Eva½ kh²ŗ±sav± par±nudday±ya upav±da½ rakkhanti.
Khay± r±gass±ti r±gassa khayeneva. V²tar±gatt± k±me na paµisevati, na paµisaŖkh±ya v±retv±ti. Tańceti eva½ tath±gatassa kilesappah±na½ ńatv± tattha tattha µhitanisinnak±l±d²supi catuparisamajjhe alaŖkatadhamm±sane nis²ditv±pi itipi satth± v²tar±go v²tadoso v²tamoho vantakileso pah²namalo abbh± muttapuŗŗacando viya suparisuddhoti eva½ tath±gatassa kilesappah±ne vaŗŗa½ kathayam±na½ ta½ v²ma½saka½ bhikkhu½ pare eva½ puccheyyu½ ceti attho.
¾k±r±ti k±raŗ±ni. Anvay±ti anubuddhiyo. SaŖghe v± viharantoti appekad± aparicchinnagaŗanassa bhikkhusaŖghassa majjhe viharanto. Eko v± viharantoti icch±maha½, bhikkhave a¹¹ham±sa½ paµisall²yitunti, tem±sa½ paµisall²yitunti eva½ paµisall±ne ceva p±lileyyakavanasaŗ¹e ca ekako viharanto. Sugat±ti suµµhugat± suppaµipann± k±rak± yuttapayutt±. Evar³p±pi hi ekacce bhikkh³ atthi. Duggat±ti duµµhugat± duppaµipann± k±yada¼hibahul± vissaµµhakammaµµh±n±. Evar³p±pi ekacce atthi. Gaŗamanus±sant²ti gaŗabandhanena baddh± gaŗ±r±m± gaŗabahulik± hutv± gaŗa½ pariharanti. Evar³p±pi ekacce atthi. Tesa½ paµipakkhabh³t± gaŗato nissaµ± visa½saµµh± vippamuttavih±rinopi atthi.
¾misesu sandissant²ti ±misagiddh± ±misacakkhuk± catupaccaya-±misatthameva ±hiŗ¹am±n± ±misesu sandissam±nakabhikkh³pi atthi. ¾misena anupalitt± cat³hi paccayehi vinivattam±nas± abbh± muttacandasadis± hutv± viharam±n±pi atthi. N±yam±yasm± ta½ tena avaj±n±t²ti aya½ ±yasm± satth± t±ya t±ya paµipattiy± ta½ ta½ puggala½ n±vaj±n±ti, aya½ paµipanno k±rako, aya½ gaŗato nissaµo visa½saµµho. Aya½ ±misena anupalitto paccayehi vinivattam±naso abbh± mutto candim± viy±ti evamassa gehasitavasena uss±dan±pi natthi. Aya½ duppaµipanno ak±rako k±yada¼hibahulo vissaµµhakammaµµh±no, aya½ gaŗabandhanabaddho, aya½ ±misagiddho lolo ±misacakkhukoti evamassa gehasitavasena apas±dan±pi natth²ti attho. Imin± ki½ kathita½ hoti? Tath±gatassa sattesu t±dibh±vo kathito hoti. Ayańhi–
“Vadhakassa devadattassa, corassaŖgulim±lino;
dhanap±le r±hule ca, sabbesa½ samako mun²”ti. (Mi. pa. 6.6.5).
489. Tatra, bhikkhaveti tesu dv²su v²ma½sakesu. Yo, “ke pan±yasmato ±k±r±”ti pucch±ya½ ±gato gaŗµhiv²ma½sako ca, yo “abhay³parato ayam±yasm±”ti ±gato m³lav²ma½sako ca. Tesu m³lav²ma½sakena tath±gatova uttari paµipucchitabbo. So hi pubbe parasseva kath±ya niµµhaŖgato. Paro ca n±ma j±nitv±pi katheyya aj±nitv±pi. Evamassa kath± bh³t±pi hoti abh³t±pi, tasm± parasseva kath±ya niµµha½ agantv± tato uttari tath±gatova paµipucchitabboti attho.
By±karam±noti ettha yasm± tath±gatassa micch±by±karaŗa½ n±ma natthi, tasm± samm± micch±ti avatv± by±karam±notveva vutta½. Eta½ pathohamasmi eta½ gocaroti esa mayha½ patho esa gocaroti attho. “Et±p±tho”tipi p±µho, tassattho mayha½ ±j²vaµµhamakas²la½ parisuddha½, sv±ha½ tassa parisuddhabh±vena v²ma½sakassa bhikkhuno ń±ŗamukhe et±p±tho, eva½ ±p±tha½ gacch±m²ti vutta½ hoti. No ca tena tammayoti tenapi c±ha½ parisuddhena s²lena na tammayo, na sataŗho, parisuddhas²latt±va nittaŗhohamasm²ti d²peti.
Uttaruttari½ paŗ²tapaŗ²tanti uttaruttari½ ceva paŗ²tatarańca katv± deseti. Kaŗhasukkasappaµibh±ganti kaŗha½ ceva sukkańca, tańca kho sappaµibh±ga½ savipakkha½ katv±, kaŗha½ paµib±hitv± sukkanti sukka½ paµib±hitv± kaŗhanti eva½ sappaµibh±ga½ katv± kaŗhasukka½ deseti. Kaŗha½ desentopi sa-uss±ha½ savip±ka½ deseti, sukka½ desentopi sa-uss±ha½ savip±ka½ deseti. Abhińń±ya idhekacca½ dhamma½ dhammesu niµµha½ gacchat²ti tasmi½ desite dhamme ekacca½ paµivedhadhamma½ abhińń±ya tena paµivedhadhammena desan±dhamme niµµha½ gacchati. Satthari pas²dat²ti eva½ dhamme niµµha½ gantv± bhiyyosomatt±ya samm±sambuddho so bhagav±ti satthari pas²dati. Tena pana bhagavat± yo dhammo akkh±to, sopi sv±kkh±to bhagavat± dhammo niyy±nikatt±. Yv±ssa ta½ dhamma½ paµipanno saŖgho, sopi suppaµipanno vaŖk±didosarahita½ paµipada½ paµipannatt±ti eva½ dhamme saŖghepi pas²dati. Tańceti ta½ eva½ pasanna½ tattha tattha tiŗŗa½ ratan±na½ vaŗŗa½ kathenta½ bhikkhu½.
490. Imehi ±k±reh²ti imehi satthuv²ma½sanak±raŗehi. Imehi padeh²ti imehi akkharasampiŗ¹anapadehi. Imehi byańjaneh²ti imehi idha vuttehi akkharehi. Saddh± niviµµh±ti okappan± patiµµhit±. M³laj±t±ti sot±pattimaggavasena sańj±tam³l±. Sot±pattimaggo hi saddh±ya m³la½ n±ma. ¾k±ravat²ti k±raŗa½ pariyesitv± gahitatt± sak±raŗ±. Dassanam³lik±ti sot±pattimaggam³lik±. So hi dassananti vuccati. Da¼h±ti thir±. Asa½h±riy±ti haritu½ na sakk±. Samaŗena v±ti samitap±pasamaŗena v±. Br±hmaŗena v±ti b±hitap±pabr±hmaŗena v±. Devena v±ti upapattidevena v±. M±rena v±ti vasavattim±rena v±, sot±pannassa hi vasavattim±ren±pi saddh± asa½h±riy± hoti s³rambaµµhassa viya.
So kira satthu dhammadesana½ sutv± sot±panno hutv± geha½ ±gato. Atha m±ro dvatti½savaralakkhaŗappaµimaŗ¹ita½ buddhar³pa½ m±petv± tassa gharadv±re µhatv±– “satth± ±gato”ti s±sana½ pahiŗi. S³ro cintesi, “aha½ id±neva satthu santik± dhamma½ sutv± ±gato, ki½ nu kho bhavissat²”ti upasaŖkamitv± satthusańń±ya vanditv± aµµh±si. M±ro ±ha– “ya½ te may±, s³rambaµµha, r³pa½ anicca½…pe… vińń±ŗa½ aniccanti kathita½, ta½ anupadh±retv±va sahas± may± eva½ vutta½. Tasm± tva½ r³pa½ nicca½…pe… vińń±ŗa½ niccanti gaŗh±h²”ti. S³ro cintesi– “aµµh±nameta½, ya½ buddh± anupadh±retv± apaccakkha½ katv± kińci katheyyu½, addh± aya½ mayha½ vib±dhanattha½ m±ro ±gato”ti. Tato na½ tva½ m±roti ±ha. So mus±v±da½ k±tu½ n±sakkhi, ±ma m±rosm²ti paµij±ni. Kasm± ±gatos²ti vutte tava saddh±c±lanatthanti ±ha. Kaŗha p±pima, tva½ t±va ekako tiµµha, t±dis±na½ m±r±na½ satampi sahassampi mama saddha½ c±letu½ asamattha½, maggena ±gat± saddh± n±ma sil±pathaviya½ patiµµhitasineru viya acal± hoti, ki½ tva½ etth±ti acchara½ pahari. So µh±tu½ asakkonto tatthevantaradh±yi. Brahmun± v±ti brahmak±yik±d²su ańńatarabrahmun± v±. Kenaci v± lokasminti ete samaŗ±dayo µhapetv± ańńenapi kenaci v± lokasmi½ haritu½ na sakk±. Dhammasamannesan±ti sabh±vasamannesan±. Dhammat±susamanniµµhoti dhammat±ya susamanniµµho, sabh±veneva suµµhu samannesito hot²ti attho. Sesa½ sabbattha utt±namev±ti.

Papańcas³daniy± majjhimanik±yaµµhakath±ya

V²ma½sakasuttavaŗŗan± niµµhit±.