Dassan±pah±tabba-±savavaŗŗan±

17. Id±ni t±ni pad±ni anupubbato by±k±tuk±mo “katame ca, bhikkhave, ±sav± dassan± pah±tabb±”ti puccha½ katv± m³lapariy±yavaŗŗan±ya½ vuttanayeneva “idha, bhikkhave, assutav± puthujjano”ti puggal±dhiµµh±na½ desana½ ±rabhi. Tattha manasikaraŗ²ye dhamme nappaj±n±t²ti ±vajjitabbe samann±haritabbe dhamme na paj±n±ti. Amanasikaraŗ²yeti tabbipar²te. Esa nayo sesapadesupi. Yasm± pana ime dhamm± manasikaraŗ²y±, ime amanasikaraŗ²y±ti dhammato niyamo natthi, ±k±rato pana atthi. Yen± ±k±rena manasikariyam±n± akusaluppattipadaµµh±n± honti, ten±k±rena na manasik±tabb±. Yena kusaluppattipadaµµh±n± honti, ten±k±rena manasik±tabb±. Tasm± “ya’ssa, bhikkhave, dhamme manasikaroto anuppanno v± k±m±savo”ti-±dim±ha.
Tattha ya’ss±ti ye assa assutavato puthujjanassa. Manasikarototi ±vajjayato samann±harantassa. Anuppanno v± k±m±savoti ettha samuccayattho v±saddo, na vikappattho. Tasm± yath± “y±vat±, bhikkhave, satt± apad± v± dvipad± v±…pe… tath±gato tesa½ aggamakkh±yat²”ti (itivu. 90) vutte apad± ca dvipad± c±ti attho, yath± ca “bh³t±na½ v± satt±na½ µhitiy± sambhaves²na½ v± anuggah±y±”ti (ma. ni. 1.402) vutte bh³t±nańca sambhaves²nańc±ti attho, yath± ca “aggito v± udakato v± mithubhedato v±”ti (ud±. 76) vutte aggito ca udakato ca mithubhedato c±ti attho, evamidh±pi anuppanno ca k±m±savo uppajjati, uppanno ca k±m±savo pava¹¹hat²ti attho daµµhabbo. Eva½ sesesu.
Ettha ca k±m±savoti pańcak±maguŗiko r±go. Bhav±savoti rup±r³pabhave chandar±go, jh±nanikanti ca sassatucchedadiµµhisahagat±. Eva½ diµµh±savopi bhav±save eva samodh±na½ gacchati. Avijj±savoti cat³su saccesu ańń±ŗa½. Tattha k±maguŗe ass±dato manasikaroto anuppanno ca k±m±savo uppajjati, uppanno ca pava¹¹hati. Mahaggatadhamme ass±dato manasikaroto anuppanno ca bhav±savo uppajjati, uppanno ca pava¹¹hati. T²su bh³m²su dhamme catuvipall±sapadaµµh±nabh±vena manasikaroto anuppanno ca avijj±savo uppajjati, uppanno ca pava¹¹hat²ti veditabbo. Vuttanayapaccan²kato sukkapakkho vitth±retabbo.
Kasm± pana tayo eva ±sav± idha vutt±ti. Vimokkhapaµipakkhato. Appaŗihitavimokkhapaµipakkho hi k±m±savo,. Animittasuńńatavimokkhapaµipakkh± itare. Tasm± ime tayo ±save upp±dent± tiŗŗa½ vimokkh±na½ abh±gino honti, anupp±dent± bh±ginoti etamattha½ dassentena tayo eva vutt±ti veditabb±. Diµµh±savopi v± ettha vutto yev±ti vaŗŗitameta½.
Tassa amanasikaraŗ²y±na½ dhamm±na½ manasik±r±ti manasik±rahetu, yasm± te dhamme manasi karoti, tasm±ti vutta½ hoti. Esa nayo dutiyapadepi. “Anuppann± ceva ±sav± uppajjanti, uppann± ca ±sav± pava¹¹hant²”ti heµµh± vutta-±sav±na½yeva abhedato nigamanameta½.
18. Ett±vat± yo aya½ puggal±dhiµµh±n±ya desan±ya dassan± pah±tabbe ±save niddisitu½ assutav± puthujjano vutto, so yasm± “ayoniso, bhikkhave, manasikaroto anuppann± ceva ±sav± uppajjant²”ti eva½ s±mańńato vutt±na½ ayoniso manasik±rapaccay±na½ k±m±sav±d²nampi adhiµµh±na½, tasm± tepi ±save teneva puggalena dassetv± id±ni dassan± pah±tabbe ±save dassento so eva½ ayoniso manasi karoti, ahosi½ nu kho ahanti-±dim±ha. Vicikicch±s²sena cettha diµµh±savampi dassetu½ ima½ desana½ ±rabhi.
Tassattho, yassa te imin± vuttanayena ±sav± uppajjanti, so puthujjano, yo c±ya½ “assutav±”ti-±din± nayena vutto, so puthujjano eva½ ayoniso anup±yena uppathena manasi karoti. Katha½? Ahosi½ nu kho…pe…so kuhi½ g±m² bhavissat²ti. Ki½ vutta½ hoti, so eva½ ayoniso manasi karoti, yath±ssa “aha½ ahosi½ nu kho”ti-±din± nayena vutt± so¼asavidh±pi vicikicch± uppajjat²ti.
Tattha ahosi½ nu kho nanu khoti sassat±k±rańca adhiccasamuppatti-±k±rańca niss±ya at²te attano vijjam±nata½ avijjam±natańca kaŖkhati. Ki½ k±raŗanti na vattabba½. Ummattako viya hi b±laputhujjano yath± v± tath± v± pavattati. Apica ayoniso manasik±royevettha k±raŗa½. Eva½ ayoniso manasik±rassa pana ki½ k±raŗanti. Sveva puthujjanabh±vo ariy±na½ adassan±d²ni v±. Nanu ca puthujjanopi yoniso manasi karot²ti. Ko v± evam±ha na manasi karot²ti. Na pana tattha puthujjanabh±vo k±raŗa½ saddhammassavanakaly±ŗamitt±d²ni tattha k±raŗ±ni. Na hi macchama½s±d²ni attano attano pakatiy± sugandh±ni, abhisaŖkh±rapaccay± pana sugandh±nipi honti.
Ki½ nu kho ahosinti j±tiliŖg³papattiyo niss±ya khattiyo nu kho ahosi½, br±hmaŗavessasuddagahaµµhapabbajitadevamanuss±na½ ańńataroti kaŖkhati.
Katha½ nu khoti saŗµh±n±k±ra½ niss±ya d²gho nu kho ahosi½, rassa-od±takaŗhappam±ŗika-appam±ŗik±d²na½ ańńataroti kaŖkhati. Keci pana issaranimm±n±di½ niss±ya kena nu kho k±raŗena ahosinti hetuto kaŖkhat²ti vadanti.
Ki½ hutv± ki½ ahosinti j±ti-±d²ni niss±ya khattiyo hutv± nu kho br±hmaŗo ahosi½…pe… devo hutv± manussoti attano parampara½ kaŖkhati. Sabbattheva pana addh±nanti k±l±dhivacanameta½.
Bhaviss±mi nu kho nanu khoti sassat±k±rańca ucched±k±rańca niss±ya an±gate attano vijjam±nata½ avijjam±natańca kaŖkhati. Sesamettha vuttanayameva.
Etarahi v± paccuppannamaddh±nanti id±ni v± paµisandhi½ ±di½ katv± cutipariyanta½ sabbampi vattam±nak±la½ gahetv±. Ajjhatta½ katha½kath² hot²ti attano khandhesu vicikiccho hoti. Aha½ nu khosm²ti attano atthibh±va½ kaŖkhati. Yutta½ panetanti? Yutta½ ayuttanti k± ettha cint±. Apicettha ida½ vatthumpi ud±haranti. C³¼am±t±ya kira putto muŗ¹o, mah±m±t±ya putto amuŗ¹o, ta½ putta½ muŗ¹esu½. So uµµh±ya aha½ nu kho c³¼am±t±ya puttoti cintesi. Eva½ aha½ nu khosm²ti kaŖkh± hoti.
No nu khosm²ti attano natthibh±va½ kaŖkhati. Tatr±pi ida½ vatthu– eko kira macche gaŗhanto udake ciraµµh±nena s²tibh³ta½ attano ³ru½ macchoti cintetv± pahari. Aparo sus±napasse khetta½ rakkhanto bh²to saŖkuµito sayi. So paµibujjhitv± attano jaŗŗuk±ni dve yakkh±ti cintetv± pahari. Eva½ no nu khosm²ti kaŖkhati.
Ki½ nu khosm²ti khattiyova sam±no attano khattiyabh±va½ kaŖkhati. Esa nayo sesesu. Devo pana sam±no devabh±va½ aj±nanto n±ma natthi. Sopi pana “aha½ r³p² nu kho ar³p² nu kho”ti-±din± nayena kaŖkhati. Khattiy±dayo kasm± na j±nant²ti ce. Apaccakkh± tesa½ tattha tattha kule uppatti. Gahaµµh±pi ca potthalik±dayo pabbajitasańńino. Pabbajit±pi “kuppa½ nu kho me kamman”ti-±din± nayena gahaµµhasańńino. Manuss±pi ca r±j±no viya attani devasańńino honti.
Katha½ nu khosm²ti vuttanayameva. Kevalańcettha abbhantare j²vo n±ma atth²ti gahetv± tassa saŗµh±n±k±ra½ niss±ya d²gho nu khosmi, rassacatura½sacha¼a½sa-aµµha½saso¼asa½s±d²na½ ańńatarappak±roti kaŖkhanto katha½ nu khosm²ti kaŖkhat²ti veditabbo. Sar²rasaŗµh±na½ pana paccuppanna½ aj±nanto n±ma natthi.
Kuto ±gato, so kuhi½ g±m² bhavissat²ti attabh±vassa ±gatigatiµµh±na½ kaŖkhati.
19. Eva½ so¼asappabheda½ vicikiccha½ dassetv± id±ni ya½ imin± vicikicch±s²sena diµµh±sava½ dassetu½ aya½ desan± ±raddh±. Ta½ dassento tassa eva½ ayoniso manasikaroto channa½ diµµh²nanti-±dim±ha. Tattha tassa puggalassa yath± aya½ vicikicch± uppajjati, eva½ ayoniso manasikaroto tasseva savicikicchassa ayoniso manasik±rassa th±magatatt± channa½ diµµh²na½ ańńatar± diµµhi uppajjat²ti vutta½ hoti. Tattha sabbapadesu v±saddo vikappattho, eva½ v± eva½ v± diµµhi uppajjat²ti vutta½ hoti. Atthi me att±ti cettha sassatadiµµhi sabbak±lesu attano atthita½ gaŗh±ti. Saccato thetatoti bh³tato ca thirato ca, “ida½ saccan”ti bh³tato suµµhu da¼habh±ven±ti vutta½ hoti. Natthi me att±ti aya½ pana ucchedadiµµhi, sato sattassa tattha tattha vibhavaggahaŗato. Atha v± purim±pi t²su k±lesu atth²ti gahaŗato sassatadiµµhi, paccuppannameva atth²ti gaŗhanto ucchedadiµµhi. Pacchim±pi at²t±n±gatesu natth²ti gahaŗato bhasmant±hutiyoti gahitadiµµhik±na½ viya, ucchedadiµµhi. At²te eva natth²ti gaŗhanto adhiccasamuppattikasseva sassatadiµµhi.
Attan±va att±na½ sańj±n±m²ti sańń±kkhandhas²sena khandhe att±ti gahetv± sańń±ya avasesakkhandhe sańj±nato imin± attan± ima½ att±na½ sańj±n±m²ti hoti. Attan±va anatt±nanti sańń±kkhandha½yeva att±ti gahetv±, itare catt±ropi anatt±ti gahetv± sańń±ya tesa½ j±nato eva½ hoti Anattan±va att±nanti sańń±kkhandha½ anatt±ti. Itare catt±ro att±ti gahetv± sańń±ya tesa½ j±nato eva½ hoti, sabb±pi sassatucchedadiµµhiyova.
Vado vedeyyoti-±dayo pana sassatadiµµhiy± eva abhinives±k±r±. Tattha vadat²ti vado, vac²kammassa k±rakoti vutta½ hoti. Vedayat²ti vedeyyo, j±n±ti anubhavati c±ti vutta½ hoti. Ki½ vedet²ti, tatra tatra kaly±ŗap±pak±na½ kamm±na½ vip±ka½ paµisa½vedeti. Tatra tatr±ti tesu tesu yonigatiµµhitiniv±sanik±yesu ±rammaŗesu v±. Niccoti upp±davayarahito. Dhuvoti thiro s±rabh³to. Sassatoti sabbak±liko. Avipariŗ±madhammoti attano pakatibh±va½ avijahanadhammo, kakaŗµako viya n±nappak±rata½ n±pajjati. Sassatisamanti candas³riyasamuddamah±pathav²pabbat± lokavoh±rena sassatiyoti vuccanti. Sassat²hi sama½ sassatisama½. Y±va sassatiyo tiµµhanti, t±va tatheva µhassat²ti gaŗhato eva½diµµhi hoti.
Ida½ vuccati, bhikkhave, diµµhigatanti-±d²su. Idanti id±ni vattabbassa paccakkhanidassana½. Diµµhigatasambandhena ca idanti vutta½, na diµµhisambandhena. Ettha ca diµµhiyeva diµµhigata½, g³thagata½ viya. Diµµh²su v± gatamida½ dassana½ dv±saµµhidiµµhi-antogadhatt±tipi diµµhigata½. Diµµhiy± v± gata½ diµµhigata½. Idańhi atthi me att±ti-±di diµµhiy± gamanamattameva, natthettha att± v± nicco v± koc²ti vutta½ hoti. S± c±ya½ diµµhi dunniggamanaµµhena gahana½. Duratikkamaµµhena sappaµibhayaµµhena ca kant±ro, dubbhikkhakant±rav±¼akant±r±dayo viya. Samm±diµµhiy± vinivijjhanaµµhena vilomanaµµhena v± vis³ka½. Kad±ci sassatassa, kad±ci ucchedassa gahaŗato vir³pa½ phanditanti vipphandita½. Bandhanaµµhena sa½yojana½. Ten±ha “diµµhigahana½…pe… diµµhisa½yojanan”ti. Id±nissa tameva bandhanattha½ dassento diµµhisa½yojanasa½yuttoti-±dim±ha. Tass±ya½ saŖkhepattho. Imin± diµµhisa½yojanena sa½yutto puthujjano etehi j±ti-±d²hi na parimuccat²ti. Ki½ v± bahun±, sakalavaµµadukkhatopi na muccat²ti.
20. Eva½ chappabheda½ diµµh±sava½ dassetv± yasm± s²labbatapar±m±so k±m±sav±divacaneneva dassito hoti. K±masukhatthańhi bhavasukhabhavavisuddhi-atthańca avijj±ya abhibh³t± ito bahiddh± samaŗabr±hmaŗ± s²labbat±ni par±masanti, tasm± ta½ adassetv± diµµhiggahaŗena v± tassa gahitatt±pi ta½ adassetv±va id±ni yo puggalo dassan± pah±tabbe ±save pajahati, ta½ dassetv± tesa½ ±sav±na½ pah±na½ dassetu½ pubbe v± ayoniso manasikaroto puthujjanassa tesa½ uppatti½ dassetv± id±ni tabbipar²tassa pah±na½ dassetu½ sutav± ca kho, bhikkhaveti-±dim±ha.
Tassattho, y±va “so ida½ dukkhan”ti ±gacchati, t±va heµµh± vuttanayena ca vuttapaccan²kato ca veditabbo. Paccan²kato ca sabb±k±rena ariyadhammassa akovid±vin²tapaccan²kato aya½ “sutav± ariyas±vako ariyadhammassa kovido ariyadhamme suvin²to”ti veditabbo. Apica kho sikh±pattavipassanato pabhuti y±va gotrabhu, t±va tadanur³pena atthena aya½ ariyas±vakoti veditabbo.
21. “So ida½ dukkhanti yoniso manasi karot²”ti-±d²su pana aya½ atthavibh±van±, so catusaccakammaµµh±niko ariyas±vako taŗh±vajj± tebh³mak± khandh± dukkha½, taŗh± dukkhasamudayo, ubhinna½ appavatti nirodho, nirodhasamp±pako maggoti eva½ pubbeva ±cariyasantike uggahitacatusaccakammaµµh±no aparena samayena vipassan±magga½ sam±ru¼ho sam±no te tebh³make khandhe ida½ dukkhanti yoniso manasi karoti, up±yena pathena samann±harati ceva vipassati ca. Ettha hi y±va sot±pattimaggo, t±va manasik±ras²seneva vipassan± vutt±. Y± pan±ya½ tasseva dukkhassa samuµµh±pik± pabh±vik± taŗh±, aya½ samudayoti yoniso manasi karoti. Yasm± pana dukkhańca samudayo ca ida½ µh±na½ patv± nirujjhanti nappavattanti, tasm± yadida½ nibb±na½ n±ma, aya½ dukkhanirodhoti yoniso manasi karoti. Nirodhasamp±paka½ aµµhaŖgika½ magga½ aya½ dukkhanirodhag±min² paµipad±ti yoniso manasi karoti, up±yena pathena samann±harati ceva vipassati ca.
Tatr±ya½ up±yo, abhiniveso n±ma vaµµe hoti, vivaµµe natthi. Tasm± “aya½ atthi imasmi½ k±ye pathav²dh±tu, ±podh±t³”ti-±din± nayena sakasantatiya½ catt±ri bh³t±ni tadanus±rena up±d±r³p±ni ca pariggahetv± aya½ r³pakkhandhoti vavatthapeti. Ta½ vavatth±payato uppanne tad±rammaŗe cittacetasike dhamme ime catt±ro ar³pakkhandh±ti vavatthapeti. Tato ime pańcakkhandh± dukkhanti vavatthapeti. Te pana saŖkhepato n±mańca r³pańc±ti dve bh±g±yeva honti. Idańca n±mar³pa½ sahetu sappaccaya½ uppajjati. Tassa aya½ hetu aya½ paccayoti avijj±bhavataŗh±kamm±h±r±dike hetupaccaye vavatthapeti. Tato tesa½ paccay±nańca paccayuppannadhamm±nańca y±th±vasarasalakkhaŗa½ vavatthapetv± ime dhamm± ahutv± hont²ti aniccalakkhaŗa½ ±ropeti, udayabbayap²¼itatt± dukkh±ti dukkhalakkhaŗa½ ±ropeti. Avasavattanato anatt±ti anattalakkhaŗa½ ±ropeti. Eva½ t²ŗi lakkhaŗ±ni ±ropetv± paµip±µiy± vipassana½ pavattento sot±pattimagga½ p±puŗ±ti.
Tasmi½ khaŗe catt±ri sacc±ni ekapaµivedheneva paµivijjhati, ek±bhisamayena abhisameti. Dukkha½ parińń±paµivedhena paµivijjhati, samudaya½ pah±napaµivedhena, nirodha½ sacchikiriy±paµivedhena, magga½ bh±van±paµivedhena. Dukkhańca parińń±bhisamayena abhisameti…pe… magga½ bh±van±bhisamayena abhisameti, no ca kho ańńamańńena ń±ŗena. Ekań±ŗeneva hi esa nirodha½ ±rammaŗato, ses±ni kiccato paµivijjhati ceva abhisameti ca. Na hissa tasmi½ samaye eva½ hoti– “aha½ dukkha½ parij±n±m²”ti v±…pe… “magga½ bh±vem²”ti v±. Apica khvassa ±rammaŗa½ katv± paµivedhavasena nirodha½ sacchikaroto eva½ ta½ ń±ŗa½ dukkhaparińń±kiccampi samudayapah±nakiccampi maggabh±van±kiccampi karotiyeva. Tasseva½ up±yena yoniso manasikaroto t²ŗi sa½yojan±ni pah²yanti, v²sativatthuk± sakk±yadiµµhi, aµµhavatthuk± vicikicch±, “s²lena suddhi vatena suddh²”ti s²labbat±na½ par±masanato s²labbatapar±m±soti. Tattha cat³su ±savesu sakk±yadiµµhis²labbatapar±m±s± diµµh±savena saŖgahitatt± ±sav± ceva sa½yojan± ca. Vicikicch± sa½yojanameva, na ±savo “Dassan± pah±tabb± ±sav±”ti ettha pariy±pannatt± pana ±sav±ti.
“Ime vuccanti…pe… pah±tabb±”ti ime sakk±yadiµµhi-±dayo dassan± pah±tabb± n±ma ±sav±ti dassento ±ha. Atha v± y± aya½ channa½ diµµh²na½ ańńatar± diµµhi uppajjat²ti eva½ sar³peneva sakk±yadiµµhi vibhatt±. Ta½ sandh±y±ha “ime vuccanti, bhikkhave”ti. S± ca yasm± sahaj±tapah±nekaµµhehi saddhi½ pah²yati. Diµµh±save hi pah²yam±ne ta½sahaj±to cat³su diµµhisampayuttacittesu k±m±savopi avijj±savopi pah²yati Pah±nekaµµho pana cat³su diµµhivippayuttesu n±gasupaŗŗ±disamiddhipatthan±vasena uppajjam±no bhav±savo. Teneva sampayutto avijj±savopi, dv²su domanassacittesu p±ŗ±tip±t±dinibbattako avijj±savopi, tath± vicikicch±cittasampayutto avijj±savop²ti eva½ sabbath±pi avases± tayopi ±sav± pah²yanti. Tasm± bahuvacananiddeso katoti evamettha attho veditabbo. Esa por±ŗ±na½ adhipp±yo.
Dassan± pah±tabb±ti dassana½ n±ma sot±pattimaggo, tena pah±tabb±ti attho. Kasm± sot±pattimaggo dassana½? Paµhama½ nibb±nadassanato. Nanu gotrabhu paµhamatara½ passat²ti? No na passati. Disv± kattabbakicca½ pana na karoti sa½yojan±na½ appah±nato. Tasm± passat²ti na vattabbo. Yattha katthaci r±j±na½ disv±pi paŗŗ±k±ra½ datv± kiccanipphattiy± adiµµhatt± “ajj±pi r±j±na½ na pass±m²”ti vadanto g±mav±s² puriso cettha nidassana½.

Dassan±pah±tabba-±savavaŗŗan± niµµhit±.