C±rik±divaººan±

254. Yath±bhirantanti yath±-ajjh±saya½ viharitv±. Buddh±nañhi ekasmi½ µh±ne vasant±na½ ch±y³dak±divipatti½ v± apph±sukasen±sana½ v±, manuss±na½ assaddh±dibh±va½ v± ±gamma anabhirati n±ma natthi. Tesa½ sampattiy± “idha ph±su vihar±m±”ti abhiramitv± ciravih±ropi natthi. Yattha pana tath±gate viharante satt± saraºesu v± patiµµhahanti, s²l±ni v± sam±diyanti, pabbajanti v±, tato sot±pattimagg±d²na½ v± pana tesa½ upanissayo hoti. Tattha buddh± satte t±su sampatt²su patiµµh±pana-ajjh±sayena vasanti; t±sa½ abh±ve pakkamanti. Tena vutta½– “yath±-ajjh±saya½ viharitv±”ti. C±rika½ caram±noti addh±nagamana½ gacchanto. C±rik± ca n±mes± bhagavato duvidh± hoti turitac±rik± ca, aturitac±rik± ca.
Tattha d³repi bodhaneyyapuggala½ disv± tassa bodhanatth±ya sahas± gamana½ turitac±rik± n±ma. S± mah±kassapapaccuggaman±d²su daµµhabb±. Bhagav± hi mah±kassapa½ paccuggacchanto muhuttena tig±vuta½ magga½ agam±si, ±¼avakassatth±ya ti½sayojana½, tath± aªgulim±lassa Pukkus±tissa pana pañcacatt±l²sayojana½, mah±kappinassa v²sayojanasata½, khadiravaniyassatth±ya satta yojanasat±ni agam±si; dhammasen±patino saddhivih±rikassa vanav±s²tissas±maºerassa tig±vut±dhika½ v²sayojanasata½.
Ekadivasa½ kira thero, “tissas±maºerassa santika½, bhante, gacch±m²”ti ±ha. Bhagav±, “ahampi gamiss±m²”ti vatv± ±yasmanta½ ±nanda½ ±mantesi– “±nanda, v²satisahass±na½ cha¼abhiññ±na½ ±rocehi– ‘bhagav± vanav±s²tissas±maºerassa santika½ gamissat²”’ti. Tato dutiyadivase v²satisahassakh²º±savaparivuto ±k±se uppatitv± v²sayojanasatamatthake tassa gocarag±madv±re otaritv± c²vara½ p±rupi. Kammanta½ gaccham±n± manuss± disv±, “satth±, bho, ±gato, m± kammanta½ agamitth±”ti vatv± ±san±ni paññapetv± y±gu½ datv± p±navatta½ karont±, “kuhi½, bhante, bhagav± gacchat²”ti daharabhikkh³ pucchi½su. Up±sak±, na bhagav± aññattha gacchati, idheva tissas±maºerassa dassanatth±ya ±gatoti Te “amh±ka½ kira kul³pakattherassa dassanatth±ya satth± ±gato, no vata no thero oramattako”ti somanassaj±t± ahesu½.
Atha bhagavato bhattakiccapariyos±ne s±maºero g±ma½ piº¹±ya caritv± “up±sak± mah± bhikkhusaªgho”ti pucchi. Athassa te, “satth±, bhante, ±gato”ti ±rocesu½, so bhagavanta½ upasaªkamitv± piº¹ap±tena ±pucchi. Satth± tassa patta½ hatthena gahetv±, “ala½, tissa, niµµhita½ bhattakiccan”ti ±ha. Tato upajjh±ya½ ±pucchitv± attano patt±sane nis²ditv± bhattakiccamak±si. Athassa bhattakiccapariyos±ne satth± maªgala½ vatv± nikkhamitv± g±madv±re µhatv±, “kataro te, tissa, vasanaµµh±na½ gamanamaggo”ti ±ha. “Aya½ bhagav±”ti. Magga½ desayam±no purato y±hi tiss±ti. Bhagav± kira sadevakassa lokassa maggadesako sam±nopi “sakalatig±vute magge s±maºera½ daµµhu½ lacch±m²”ti ta½ maggadesakamak±si.
So attano vasanaµµh±na½ gantv± bhagavato vattamak±si. Atha na½ bhagav±, “kataro te, tissa, caªkamo”ti pucchitv± tattha gantv± s±maºerassa nis²danap±s±ºe nis²ditv±, “tissa, imasmi½ µh±ne sukha½ vasas²”ti pucchi. So ±ha– “±ma, bhante, imasmi½ me µh±ne vasantassa s²habyagghahatthimigamor±d²na½ sadda½ suºato araññasaññ± uppajjati, t±ya sukha½ vas±m²”ti. Atha na½ bhagav±, “tissa, bhikkhusaªgha½ sannip±tehi, buddhad±yajja½ te dass±m²”ti vatv± sannipatite bhikkhusaªghe upasamp±detv± attano vasanaµµh±nameva agam±s²ti. Aya½ turitac±rik± n±ma.
Ya½ pana g±manigamapaµip±µiy± devasika½ yojana¹¹hayojanavasena piº¹ap±tacariy±d²hi loka½ anuggaºhantassa gamana½, aya½ aturitac±rik± n±ma. Ima½ pana c±rika½ caranto bhagav± mah±maº¹ala½ majjhimamaº¹ala½ antimamaº¹alanti imesa½ tiººa½ maº¹al±na½ aññatarasmi½ carati. Tattha mah±maº¹ala½ navayojanasatika½, majjhimamaº¹ala½ chayojanasatika½, antimamaº¹ala½ tiyojanasatika½. Yad± mah±maº¹ale c±rika½ carituk±mo hoti, mah±pav±raº±ya pav±retv± p±µipadadivase mah±bhikkhusaªghapariv±ro nikkhamati. Samant± yojanasata½ ekakol±hala½ ahosi, purima½ purima½ ±gat± nimantetu½ labhanti; itaresu dv²su maº¹alesu sakk±ro mah±maº¹ale osarati. Tatra bhagav± tesu tesu g±manigamesu ek±ha½ dv²ha½ vasanto mah±jana½ ±misapaµiggahena anuggaºhanto dhammad±nena cassa vivaµµ³panissita½ kusala½ va¹¹hento navahi m±sehi c±rika½ pariyos±peti.
Sace pana antovasse bhikkh³na½ samathavipassan± taruº± hoti, mah±pav±raº±ya apav±retv± pav±raº±saªgaha½ datv± kattikapuººam±ya pav±retv± migasirassa paµhamadivase mah±bhikkhusaªghapariv±ro nikkhamitv± majjhimamaº¹ala½ osarati. Aññenapi k±raºena majjhimamaº¹ale c±rika½ carituk±mo catum±sa½ vasitv±va nikkhamati. Vuttanayeneva itaresu dv²su maº¹alesu sakk±ro majjhimamaº¹ale osarati. Bhagav± purimanayeneva loka½ anuggaºhanto aµµhahi m±sehi c±rika½ pariyos±peti.
Sace pana catum±sa½ vuµµhavassass±pi bhagavato veneyyasatt± aparipakkindriy± honti, tesa½ indriyaparip±ka½ ±gamayam±no aparampi eka½ m±sa½ v± dviticatum±sa½ v± tattheva vasitv± mah±bhikkhusaªghapariv±ro nikkhamati. Vuttanayeneva itaresu dv²su maº¹alesu sakk±ro antomaº¹ale osarati. Bhagav± purimanayeneva loka½ anuggaºhanto sattahi v± chahi v± pañcahi v± cat³hi v± m±sehi c±rika½ pariyos±peti. Iti imesu t²su maº¹alesu yattha katthaci c±rika½ caranto na c²var±dihetu carati. Atha kho ye duggat± b±l± jiºº± by±dhit±, te kad± tath±gata½ ±gantv± passissanti? Mayi pana c±rika½ carante mah±jano tath±gatadassana½ labhissati, tattha keci citt±ni pas±dessanti, keci m±l±d²hi p³jessanti, keci kaµacchubhikkha½ dassanti, keci micch±dassana½ pah±ya samm±diµµhik± bhavissanti, ta½ tesa½ bhavissati d²gharatta½ hit±ya sukh±y±ti eva½ lok±nukamp±ya c±rika½ carati.
Apica cat³hi k±raºehi buddh± bhagavanto c±rika½ caranti– jaªgh±vih±ravasena sar²raph±sukatth±ya, atthuppattik±la½ abhikaªkhanatth±ya, bhikh³na½ sikkh±pada½ paññ±panatth±ya, tattha tattha parip±kagatindriye bodhaneyyasatte bodhanatth±y±ti. Aparehipi cat³hi k±raºehi buddh± bhagavanto c±rika½ caranti– buddha½ saraºa½ gacchissant²ti v±, dhamma½ saraºa½ gacchissant²ti v±, saªgha½ saraºa½ gacchissant²ti v±, mahat± dhammavassena catasso paris± santappess±m²ti v±ti Aparehi pañcahi k±raºehi buddh± bhagavanto c±rika½ caranti p±º±tip±t± viramissant²ti v±, adinn±d±n±… k±mesumicch±c±r±… mus±v±d±… sur±merayamajjapam±daµµh±n± viramissant²ti v±ti. Aparehi aµµhahi k±raºehi buddh± bhagavanto c±rika½ caranti– paµhamajjh±na½ paµilabhissant²ti v±, dutiya½…pe… nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatanasam±patti½ paµilabhissant²ti v±ti. Aparehi aµµhahi k±raºehi buddh± bhagavanto c±rika½ caranti– sot±pattimagga½ adhigamissant²ti v±, sot±pattiphala½…pe… arahattaphala½ sacchikarissant²ti v±ti. Aya½ aturitac±rik±, s± idha adhippet±. S± panes± duvidh± hoti nibaddhac±rik±, anibaddhac±rik± ca. Tattha ya½ ekasseva bodhaneyyasattassa atth±ya gacchati, aya½ nibaddhac±rik± n±ma. Ya½ pana g±manigamanagarapaµip±µivasena carati, aya½ anibaddhac±rik± n±ma. Es± idha adhippet±.
Sen±sana½ sa½s±metv±ti sen±sana½ paµis±metv±. Ta½ pana paµis±mento thero na c³¼apattamah±patta-c³¼ath±lakamah±th±laka-paµµuººac²vara-duk³lac²var±d²na½ bhaº¹ika½ katv± sappitel±d²na½ v± pana ghaµe p³r±petv± gabbhe nidahitv± dv±ra½ pidh±ya kuñcikamuddik±d²ni yoj±pesi. “Sace na hoti bhikkhu v± s±maºero v± ±r±miko v± up±sako v±, cat³su p±s±ºesu mañce mañca½ ±ropetv± p²µhe p²µha½ ±ropetv± c²varava½se v± c²vararajjuy± v± upari puñja½ katv± dv±rav±tap±na½ thaketv± pakkamitabban”ti (c³¼ava. 361) vacanato pana nev±sika½ bhikkhu½ ±pucchanamattakeneva paµis±mesi.
Yena s±vatthi tena c±rika½ pakk±m²ti satthu dassanak±mo hutv± yena dis±bh±gena s±vatthi tena pakk±mi. Pakkamanto ca na suddhodanamah±r±jassa ±roc±petv± sappitelamadhuph±ºit±d²ni g±h±petv± pakkanto. Y³tha½ pah±ya nikkhanto pana mattahatth² viya, asah±yakicco s²ho viya, pattac²varamatta½ ±d±ya ekakova pakk±mi. Kasm± panesa pañcasatehi attano antev±sikehi saddhi½ r±jagaha½ agantv± id±ni nikkhantoti? R±jagaha½ kapilavatthuto d³ra½ saµµhiyojan±ni, s±vatthi pana pañcadasa. Satth± r±jagahato pañcacatt±l²sayojana½ ±gantv± s±vatthiya½ viharati, id±ni ±sanno j±toti sutv± nikkham²ti ak±raºameta½. Buddh±na½ santika½ gacchanto hi esa yojanasahassampi gaccheyya, tad± pana k±yaviveko na sakk± laddhunti. Bah³hi saddhi½ gamanak±le hi ekasmi½ gacch±m±ti vadante eko idheva vas±m±ti vadati. Ekasmi½ vas±m±ti vadante eko gacch±m±ti vadati. Tasm± icchiticchitakkhaºe sam±patti½ appetv± nis²ditu½ v± ph±sukasen±sane k±yaviveka½ laddhu½ v± na sakk± hoti, ekakassa pana ta½ sabba½ sulabha½ hot²ti tad± agantv± id±ni pakk±mi.
C±rika½ caram±noti ettha kiñc±pi aya½ c±rik± n±ma mah±janasaªgahattha½ buddh±na½yeva labbhati, buddhe up±d±ya pana ru¼h²saddena s±vak±nampi vuccati kilañj±d²hi kata½ b²janampi t±lavaºµa½ viya. Yena bhagav±ti s±vatthiy± avid³re ekasmi½ g±make piº¹±ya caritv± katabhattakicco jetavana½ pavisitv± s±riputtattherassa v± mah±moggall±nattherassa v± vasanaµµh±na½ gantv± p±de dhovitv± makkhetv± p±n²ya½ v± p±naka½ v± pivitv± thoka½ vissamitv± satth±ra½ passiss±m²ti cittampi anupp±detv± ujuka½ gandhakuµipariveºameva agam±si. Therassa hi satth±ra½ daµµhuk±massa aññena bhikkhun± kicca½ natthi. Tasm± r±hula½ v± ±nanda½ v± gahetv± ok±sa½ k±retv± satth±ra½ passiss±m²ti evampi citta½ na upp±desi.
Thero hi sayameva buddhas±sane vallabho rañño saªg±mavijayamah±yodho viya. Yath± hi t±disassa yodhassa r±j±na½ daµµhuk±massa añña½ sevitv± dassanakamma½ n±ma natthi; vallabhat±ya sayameva passati. Eva½ theropi buddhas±sane vallabho, tassa añña½ sevitv± satthudassanakicca½ natth²ti p±de dhovitv± p±dapuñchanamhi puñchitv± yena bhagav± tenupasaªkami. Bhagav±pi “pacc³sak±leyeva mant±ºiputto ±gamissat²”ti addasa. Tasm± gandhakuµi½ pavisitv± s³cighaµika½ adatv±va daratha½ paµippassambhetv± uµµh±ya nis²di. Thero kav±µa½ paº±metv± gandhakuµi½ pavisitv± bhagavanta½ abhiv±detv± ekamanta½ nis²di. Dhammiy± kath±y±ti bhagav± dhammi½ katha½ kathento c³¼agosiªgasutte (ma. ni. 1.325 ±dayo) tiººa½ kulaputt±na½ s±maggiras±nisa½sa½ kathesi; sekkhasutte (ma. ni. 2.22 ±dayo) ±vasath±nisa½sa½, ghaµik±rasutte (ma. ni. 2.282 ±dayo) satipaµil±bhika½ pubbeniv±sappaµisa½yuttakatha½; raµµhap±lasutte (ma. ni. 2.304) catt±ro dhammuddese, selasutte (ma. ni. 2.396 ±dayo) p±nak±nisa½sakatha½ upakkilesasutte (ma. ni. 3.236 ±dayo) bhaguttherassa dhammakatha½ kathento ek²bh±ve ±nisa½sa½ kathesi. Imasmi½ pana rathavin²te ±yasmato puººassa kathento dasakath±vatthunissaya½ anantanaya½ n±ma dassesi puººa, ayampi appicchakath±yeva santosakath±yev±ti. Paµisambhid±pattassa s±vakassa velante µhatv± mah±samudde hatthappas±raºa½ viya ahosi.
Yena andhavananti tad± kira pacch±bhatte jetavana½ ±kiººa½ hoti, bah³ khattiyabr±hmaº±dayo jetavana½ osaranti; rañño cakkavattissa khandh±v±raµµh±na½ viya hoti, na sakk± paviveka½ labhitu½. Andhavana½ pana padh±nagharasadisa½ pavivitta½, tasm± yenandhavana½ tenupasaªkami. Kasm± pana mah±there na addasa? Eva½ kirassa ahosi– “s±yanhasamaye ±gantv± mah±there disv± puna dasabala½ passiss±mi, eva½ mah±ther±na½ eka½ upaµµh±na½ bhavissati, satthu dve bhavissanti, tato satth±ra½ vanditv± mama vasanaµµh±nameva gamiss±m²”ti.