Appicchat±divaººan±

Appicchoti icch±virahito ni-iccho nittaºho. Ettha hi byañjana½ s±vasesa½ viya, attho pana niravaseso. Na hi tassa anto aºumatt±pi p±pik± icch± n±ma atthi. Kh²º±savo hesa sabbaso pah²nataºho. Apicettha atricchat± p±picchat± mahicchat± appicchat±ti aya½ bhedo veditabbo.
Tattha sakal±bhe atittassa paral±bhe patthan± atricchat± n±ma. T±ya samann±gatassa ekabh±jena pakkap³vopi attano patte patito na supakko viya khuddako viya ca kh±yati. Sveva parassa patte pakkhitto supakko viya mahanto viya ca kh±yati. Asantaguºasambh±vanat± pana paµiggahaºe ca amattaññut± p±picchat± n±ma, s±, “idhekacco assaddho sam±no saddhoti ma½ jano j±n±t³”ti-±din± nayena abhidhamme ±gat±yeva, t±ya samann±gato puggalo kohaññe patiµµh±ti. Santaguºasambh±van± pana paµiggahaºe ca amattaññut± mahicchat± n±ma. S±pi, “idhekacco saddho sam±no saddhoti ma½ jano j±n±t³ti icchati, s²lav± sam±no s²lav±ti ma½ jano j±n±t³”ti (vibha. 851) imin± nayena ±gat±yeva, t±ya samann±gato puggalo dussantappayo hoti, vij±tam±t±pissa citta½ gahetu½ na sakkoti. Teneta½ vuccati–
“Aggikkhandho samuddo ca, mahiccho c±pi puggalo;
sakaµena paccaya½ detu, tayopete atappay±”ti.
Santaguºanig³hanat± pana paµiggahaºe ca mattaññut± appicchat± n±ma, t±ya samann±gato puggalo attani vijjam±nampi guºa½ paµicch±detuk±mat±ya, “saddho sam±no saddhoti ma½ jano j±n±t³ti na icchati. S²lav±, pavivitto, bahussuto, ±raddhav²riyo, sam±dhisampanno, paññav±, kh²º±savo sam±no kh²º±savoti ma½ jano j±n±t³”ti na icchati, seyyath±pi majjhantikatthero.
Thero kira mah±kh²º±savo ahosi, pattac²vara½ panassa p±damattameva agghati, so asokassa dhammarañño vih±ramahadivase saªghatthero ahosi. Athassa atil³khabh±va½ disv± manuss±, “bhante, thoka½ bahi hoth±”ti ±ha½su. Thero, “m±dise kh²º±save rañño saªgaha½ akaronte añño ko karissat²”ti pathaviya½ nimujjitv± saªghattherassa ukkhittapiº¹a½ gaºhantoyeva ummujji. Eva½ kh²º±savo sam±no, “kh²º±savoti ma½ jano j±n±t³”ti na icchati. Eva½ appiccho pana bhikkhu anuppanna½ l±bha½ upp±deti, uppanna½ l±bha½ th±vara½ karoti, d±yak±na½ citta½ ±r±dheti, yath± yath± hi so attano appicchat±ya appa½ gaºh±ti, tath± tath± tassa vatte pasann± manuss± bah³ denti.
Aparopi catubbidho appiccho– paccaya-appiccho dhutaªga-appiccho pariyatti-appiccho adhigama-appicchoti. Tattha cat³su paccayesu appiccho paccaya-appiccho n±ma, so d±yakassa vasa½ j±n±ti, deyyadhammassa vasa½ j±n±ti, attano th±ma½ j±n±ti. Yadi hi deyyadhammo bahu hoti, d±yako appa½ d±tuk±mo, d±yakassa vasena appa½ gaºh±ti. Deyyadhammo appo, d±yako bahu½ d±tuk±mo, deyyadhammassa vasena appa½ gaºh±ti. Deyyadhammopi bahu, d±yakopi bahu½ d±tuk±mo, attano th±ma½ ñatv± pam±ºeneva gaºh±ti.
Dhutaªgasam±d±nassa attani atthibh±va½ naj±n±petuk±mo dhutaªga-appiccho n±ma. Tassa vibh±vanattha½ im±ni vatth³ni– sos±nikamah±sumanatthero kira saµµhi vass±ni sus±ne vasi, añño ekabhikkhupi na aññ±si, tenev±ha–
“Sus±ne saµµhi vass±ni, abbokiººa½ vas±maha½;
dutiyo ma½ na j±neyya, aho sos±nikuttamo”ti.
Cetiyapabbate dvebh±tiyatther± vasi½su. Tesu kaniµµho upaµµh±kena pesit± ucchukhaº¹ik± gahetv± jeµµhassa santika½ agam±si. Paribhoga½, bhante, karoth±ti. Therassa ca bhattakicca½ katv± mukha½ vikkh±lanak±lo ahosi. So ala½, ±vusoti ±ha. Kacci, bhante, ek±sanikatth±ti. ¾har±vuso, ucchukhaº¹ik±ti paññ±sa vass±ni ek±saniko sam±nopi dhutaªga½ nig³ham±no paribhoga½ katv± mukha½ vikkh±letv± puna dhutaªga½ adhiµµh±ya gato.
Yo pana s±ketakatissatthero viya bahussutabh±va½ j±n±petu½ na icchati, aya½ pariyatti-appiccho n±ma. Thero kira khaºo natth²ti uddesaparipucch±su ok±sa½ akaronto maraºakkhaya½, bhante, labhissath±ti codito gaºa½ vissajjetv± kaºik±rav±likasamuddavih±ra½ gato. Tattha antovassa½ theranavamajjhim±na½ upak±ro hutv± mah±pav±raº±ya uposathadivase dhammakath±ya janata½ khobhetv± gato.
Yo pana sot±pann±d²su aññataro hutv± sot±pann±dibh±va½ j±n±petu½ na icchati, aya½ adhigama-appiccho n±ma, tayo kulaputt± viya ghaµik±rakumbhak±ro viya ca.
¾yasm± pana puººo atricchata½ p±picchata½ mahicchatañca pah±ya sabbaso icch±paµipakkhabh³t±ya alobhasaªkh±t±ya parisuddh±ya appicchat±ya samann±gatatt± appiccho n±ma ahosi. Bhikkh³nampi, “±vuso, atricchat± p±picchat± mahicchat±ti ime dhamm± pah±tabb±”ti tesu ±d²nava½ dassetv± evar³pa½ appicchata½ sam±d±ya vattitabbanti appicchakatha½ kathesi. Tena vutta½ “attan± ca appiccho appicchakathañca bhikkh³na½ katt±”ti.