Dhammagarubh±vavaººan±

Vassa½vuµµh±ti tem±sa½ vassa½vuµµh± pav±ritapav±raº± hutv±. Bhagav± etadavoc±ti “kacci, bhikkhave, khaman²yan”ti-±d²hi vacanehi ±gantukapaµisanth±ra½ katv± eta½, “ko nu kho, bhikkhave”ti-±divacanamavoca. Te kira bhikkhu,– “kacci, bhikkhave, khaman²ya½ kacci y±pan²ya½, kaccittha appakilamathena addh±na½ ±gat±, na ca piº¹akena kilamittha, kuto ca tumhe, bhikkhave, ±gacchath±”ti paµisanth±ravasena pucchit±– “bhagav± s±kiyajanapade kapilavatth±h±rato j±tibh³mito ±gacch±m±”ti ±ha½su. Atha bhagav± neva suddhodanamah±r±jassa, na sakkodanassa, na sukkodanassa, na dhotodanassa, na amitodanassa, na amitt±ya deviy±, na mah±paj±patiy±, na sakalassa s±kiyamaº¹alassa ±rogya½ pucchi. Atha kho attan± ca dasakath±vatthul±bhi½ parañca tattha sam±dapet±ra½ paµipattisampanna½ bhikkhu½ pucchanto ida½– “ko nu kho, bhikkhave”ti-±divacana½ avoca.
Kasm± pana bhagav± suddhodan±d²na½ ±rogya½ apucchitv± evar³pa½ bhikkhumeva pucchati? Piyat±ya. Buddh±nañhi paµipannak± bhikkh³ bhikkhuniyo up±sak± up±sik±yo ca piy± honti man±p±. Ki½ k±raº±? Dhammagarut±ya. Dhammagaruno hi tath±gat±, so ca nesa½ dhammagarubh±vo, “dukkha½ kho ag±ravo viharati, appatisso”ti (a. ni. 4.21) imin± ajap±lanigrodham³le uppannajjh±sayena veditabbo. Dhammagarut±yeva hi bhagav± mah±kassapattherassa abhinikkhamanadivase paccuggamana½ karonto tig±vuta½ magga½ agam±si. Atirekatiyojanasata½ magga½ gantv± gaªg±t²re dhamma½ desetv± mah±kappina½ saparisa½ arahatte patiµµhapesi. Ekasmi½ pacch±bhatte pañcacatt±l²sayojana½ magga½ gantv± kumbhak±rassa nivesane tiy±maratti½ dhammakatha½ katv± pukkus±tikulaputta½ an±g±miphale patiµµhapesi. V²sayojanasata½ gantv± vanav±sis±maºerassa anuggaha½ ak±si. Saµµhiyojanamagga½ gantv± khadiravaniyattherassa dhamma½ desesi. Anuruddhatthero p±c²nava½sad±ye nisinno mah±purisavitakka½ vitakket²ti ñatv± tattha ±k±sena gantv± therassa purato oruyha s±dhuk±ramad±si. Koµikaººasoºattherassa ekagandhakuµiya½ sen±sana½ paññap±petv± pacc³sak±le dhammadesana½ ajjhesitv± sarabhaññapariyos±ne s±dhuk±ramad±si. Tig±vuta½ magga½ gantv± tiººa½ kulaputt±na½ vasanaµµh±ne gosiªgas±lavane s±maggiras±nisa½sa½ kathesi. Kassapopi bhagav±– “an±g±miphale patiµµhito ariyas±vako ayan”ti viss±sa½ upp±detv± ghaµik±rassa kumbhak±rassa nivesana½ gantv± sahatth± ±misa½ gahetv± paribhuñji.
Amh±ka½yeva bhagav± upakaµµh±ya vass³pan±yik±ya jetavanato bhikkhusaªghaparivuto c±rika½ nikkhami. Kosalamah±r±ja-an±thapiº¹ik±dayo nivattetu½ n±sakkhi½su. An±thapiº¹iko ghara½ ±gantv± domanassappatto nis²di. Atha na½ puºº± n±ma d±s² domanassappattosi s±m²ti ±ha. “¾ma je, satth±ra½ nivattetu½ n±sakkhi½, atha me ima½ tem±sa½ dhamma½ v± sotu½, yath±dhipp±ya½ v± d±na½ d±tu½ na labhiss±m²”ti cint± uppann±ti. Ahampi s±mi satth±ra½ nivattess±m²ti. Sace nivattetu½ sakkosi, bhujiss±yeva tvanti. S± gantv± dasabalassa p±dam³le nipajjitv± “nivattatha bhagav±”ti ±ha. Puººe tva½ parapaµibaddhaj²vik± ki½ me karissas²ti. Bhagav± mayha½ deyyadhammo natth²ti tumhepi j±n±tha, tumh±ka½ nivattanapaccay± pan±ha½ t²su saraºesu pañcasu s²lesu patiµµhahiss±m²ti. Bhagav± s±dhu s±dhu puººeti s±dhuk±ra½ katv± nivattetv± jetavanameva paviµµho. Aya½ kath± p±kaµ± ahosi. Seµµhi sutv± puºº±ya kira bhagav± nivattitoti ta½ bhujissa½ katv± dh²tuµµh±ne µhapesi. S± pabbajja½ y±citv± pabbaji, pabbajitv± vipassana½ ±rabhi. Athass± satth± ±raddhavipassakabh±va½ ñatv± ima½ obh±sag±tha½ vissajjesi–
“Puººe p³resi saddhamma½, cando pannaraso yath±;
paripuºº±ya paññ±ya, dukkhassanta½ karissas²”ti. (Ther²g±. 3).
G±th±pariyos±ne arahatta½ patv± abhiññ±t± s±vik± ahos²ti. Eva½ dhammagaruno tath±gat±.
Nandakatthere upaµµh±nas±l±ya½ dhamma½ desentepi bhagav± anah±tova gantv± tiy±maratti½ µhitakova dhammakatha½ sutv± desan±pariyos±ne s±dhuk±ramad±si. Thero ±gantv± vanditv±, “k±ya vel±ya, bhante, ±gatatth±”ti pucchi. Tay± suttante ±raddhamatteti. Dukkara½ karittha, bhante, buddhasukhum±l± tumheti. Sace tva½, nanda, kappa½ desetu½ sakkuºeyy±si, kappamattamp±ha½ µhitakova suºeyyanti bhagav± avoca. Eva½ dhammagaruno tath±gat±. Tesa½ dhammagarut±ya paµipannak± piy± honti, tasm± paµipannake pucchi. Paµipannako ca n±ma attahit±ya paµipanno no parahit±ya, parahit±ya paµipanno no attahit±ya, no attahit±ya ca paµipanno no parahit±ya ca, attahit±ya ca paµipanno parahit±ya c±ti catubbidho hoti.
Tattha yo saya½ dasanna½ kath±vatth³na½ l±bh² hoti, para½ tattha na ovadati na anus±sati ±yasm± b±kulo viya. Aya½ attahit±ya paµipanno n±ma no parahit±ya paµipanno, evar³pa½ bhikkhu½ bhagav± na pucchati. Kasm±? Na mayha½ s±sanassa va¹¹hipakkhe µhitoti.
Yo pana dasanna½ kath±vatth³na½ al±bh², para½ tehi ovadati tena katavattas±diyanattha½ upanando sakyaputto viya, aya½ parahit±ya paµipanno n±ma no attahit±ya, evar³pampi na pucchati. Kasm±? Assa taºh± mah±pacchi viya appah²n±ti.
Yo attan±pi dasanna½ kath±vatth³na½ al±bh², parampi tehi na ovadati, l±¼ud±y² viya, aya½ neva attahit±ya paµipanno na parahit±ya, evar³pampi na pucchati. Kasm±? Assa anto kiles± pharasuchejj± viya mahant±ti.
Yo pana saya½ dasanna½ kath±vatth³na½ l±bh², parampi tehi ovadati, aya½ attahit±ya ceva parahit±ya ca paµipanno n±ma s±riputtamoggall±namah±kassap±dayo as²timah±ther± viya, evar³pa½ bhikkhu½ pucchati. Kasm±? Mayha½ s±sanassa vu¹¹hipakkhe µhitoti. Idh±pi evar³pameva pucchanto– “ko nu kho, bhikkhave”ti-±dim±ha.
Eva½ bhagavat± puµµh±na½ pana tesa½ bhikkh³na½ bhagav± attano j±tibh³miya½ ubhayahit±ya paµipanna½ dasakath±vatthul±bhi½ bhikkhu½ pucchati, ko nu kho tattha evar³poti na aññamañña½ cintan± v± samantan± v± ahosi. Kasm±? ¾yasm± hi mant±ºiputto tasmi½ janapade ±k±samajjhe µhito cando viya s³riyo viya ca p±kaµo paññ±to. Tasm± te bhikkh³ meghasadda½ sutv± ekajjha½ sannipatitamoraghaµ± viya ghanasajjh±ya½ k±tu½, ±raddhabhikkh³ viya ca attano ±cariya½ puººatthera½ bhagavato ±rocent± therassa ca guºa½ bh±situ½ appahontehi mukhehi ekappah±reneva puººo n±ma, bhante, ±yasm±ti-±dim±ha½su. Tattha puººoti tassa therassa n±ma½. Mant±ºiy± pana so putto, tasm± mant±ºiputtoti vuccati. Sambh±vitoti guºasambh±van±ya sambh±vito.