Obh±setv±ti vatth±laªk±rasar²rasamuµµhit±ya ±bh±ya pharitv±, candim± viya ca s³riyo viya ca ekobh±sa½ ekapajjota½ karitv±ti attho. Ekamanta½ aµµh±s²ti ekasmi½ ante, ekasmi½ ok±se aµµh±si. Etadavoc±ti eta½ “bhikkhu bhikkh³”ti-±divacanamavoca. Kasm± pan±ya½ avanditv± samaºavoh±reneva kathet²ti? Samaºasaññ±samud±c±reneva. Eva½ kirassa ahosi– “aya½ antar± k±m±vacare vasi. Aha½ pana asmi tato k±lato paµµh±ya brahmac±r²”ti samaºasaññ±vassa samud±carati, tasm± avanditv± samaºavoh±reneva katheti. Pubbasah±yo kireso devaputto therassa. Kuto paµµh±y±ti? Kassapasamm±sambuddhak±lato paµµh±ya. Yo hi pubbayoge ±gatesu pañcasu sah±yesu anuthero catutthadivase an±g±m² ahos²ti vutto, aya½ so. Tad± kira tesu saªghattherassa arahatteneva saddhi½ abhiññ± ±gami½su. So, “mayha½ kicca½ matthaka½ pattan”ti veh±sa½ uppatitv± anotattadahe mukha½ dhovitv± uttarakuruto piº¹ap±ta½ ±d±ya ±gantv±, “ima½, ±vuso, piº¹ap±ta½ bhuñjitv± appamatt± samaºadhamma½ karoth±”ti ±ha. Itare ±ha½su– “na, ±vuso, amh±ka½ eva½ katik± atthi– ‘yo paµhama½ visesa½ nibbattetv± piº¹ap±ta½ ±harati, ten±bhata½ bhuñjitv± sesehi samaºadhammo k±tabbo’ti. Tumhe attano upanissayena kicca½ matthaka½ p±payittha. Mayampi sace no upanissayo bhavissati, kicca½ matthaka½ p±pess±ma. Papañco esa amh±ka½, gacchatha tumhe”ti. So yath±ph±suka½ gantv± ±yupariyos±ne parinibb±yi.
Punadivase anuthero an±g±miphala½ sacchak±si, tassa abhiññ±yo ±gami½su. Sopi tatheva piº¹ap±ta½ ±haritv± tehi paµikkhitto yath±ph±suka½ gantv± ±yupariyos±ne suddh±v±se nibbatti. So suddh±v±se µhatv± te sah±ye olokento, eko tad±va parinibbuto, eko adhun± bhagavato santike ariyabh³mi½ patto, eko l±bhasakk±ra½ niss±ya, “aha½ arah±”ti citta½ upp±detv± supp±rakapaµµane vasat²ti disv± ta½ upasaªkamitv±, “na tva½ arah±, na arahattamagga½ paµipanno, gaccha bhagavanta½ upasaªkamitv± dhamma½ suº±h²”ti uyyojesi. Sopi antaraghare bhagavanta½ ov±da½ y±citv±, “tasm± tiha te b±hiya eva½ sikkhitabba½ diµµhe diµµhamatta½ hot³”ti (ud±. 10) bhagavat± sa½khittena ovadito ariyabh³mi½ samp±puºi.
Tato añño eko atthi, so kuhinti olokento andhavane sekkhapaµipada½ p³rayam±no viharat²ti disv± cintesi– “sah±yakassa santike gamiss±m²ti, gacchantena pana tucchahatthena agantv± kiñci paºº±k±ra½ gahetv± gantu½ vaµµati, sah±yo kho pana me nir±miso pabbatamatthake vasanto may± ±k±se µhatv± dinna½ piº¹ap±tampi aparibhuñjitv± samaºadhamma½ ak±si, id±ni ±misapaºº±k±ra½ ki½ gaºhissati? Dhammapaºº±k±ra½ gahetv± gamiss±m²”ti brahmaloke µhitova ratan±va¼i½ ganthento viya pannarasa pañhe vibhajitv± ta½ dhammapaºº±k±ra½ ±d±ya ±gantv± sah±yassa avid³re µhatv± attano samaºasaññ±samud±c±ravasena ta½ anabhiv±detv±va, “bhikkhu bhikkh³”ti ±lapitv± aya½ vammikoti-±dim±ha. Tattha turit±lapanavasena bhikkhu bhikkh³ti ±me¹ita½ veditabba½. Yath± v± ekaneva tilakena nal±µa½ na sobhati, ta½ pariv±retv± aññesupi dinnesu phullitamaº¹ita½ viya sobhati, eva½ ekeneva padena vacana½ na sobhati pariv±rikapadena saddhi½ phullitamaº¹ita½ viya sobhat²ti ta½ pariv±rikapadavasena vacana½ phullitamaº¹ita½ viya karontopi evam±ha.
Aya½ vammikoti purato µhito vammiko n±ma natthi, desan±vasena pana purato µhita½ dassento viya ayanti ±ha. Laªginti sattha½ ±d±ya khaºanto paligha½ addasa. Ukkhipa laªgi½ abhikkhaºa sumedh±ti t±ta, paº¹ita, laªg² n±ma ratti½ dh³m±yati div± pajjalati. Ukkhipeta para½ parato khaº±ti. Eva½ sabbapadesu attho daµµhabbo. Uddhum±yikanti maº¹³ka½. Caªkav±ranti kh±rapariss±vana½. Kummanti kacchapa½. Asis³nanti ma½sacchedaka½ asiñceva adhikuµµanañca. Ma½sapesinti nisadapotappam±ºa½ allama½sapiº¹a½. N±ganti sumanapupphakal±pasadisa½ mah±phaºa½ tividhasovatthikaparikkhitta½ ahin±ga½ addasa. M± n±ga½ ghaµµes²ti daº¹akakoµiy± v± vallikoµiy± v± pa½sucuººa½ v± pana khipam±no m± n±ga½ ghaµµayi. Namo karohi n±gass±ti upariv±tato apagamma suddhavattha½ niv±setv± n±gassa namakk±ra½ karohi. N±gena adhisayita½ dhana½ n±ma y±va sattam± kulaparivaµµ± kh±dato na kh²yati, n±go te adhisayita½ dhana½ dassati, tasm± namo karohi n±gass±ti. Ito v± pana sutv±ti yath± dukkhakkhandhe itoti s±sane nissaka½, na tath± idha. Idha pana devaputte nissakka½, tasm± ito v± pan±ti mama v± pana santik± sutv±ti ayamettha attho.
251. C±tummah±bh³tikass±ti catumah±bh³tamayassa. K±yasseta½ adhivacananti sar²rassa n±ma½. Yatheva hi b±hirako vammiko, vamat²ti vantakoti vantussayoti vantasinehasambandhoti cat³hi k±raºehi vammikoti vuccati. So hi ahimaªgusa-und³ragharago¼ik±dayo n±nappak±re p±ºake vamat²ti vammiko. Upacik±hi vantakoti vammiko. Upacik±hi vamitv± mukhatuº¹akena ukkhittapa½sucuººena kaµippam±ºenapi porisappam±ºenapi ussitoti vammiko. Upacik±hi vantakhe¼asinehena ±baddhat±ya sattasatt±ha½ deve vassantepi na vippakiriyati, nid±ghepi tato pa½sumuµµhi½ gahetv± tasmi½ muµµhin± p²¼iyam±ne sineho nikkhamati, eva½ vantasinehena sambaddhoti vammiko. Evamaya½ k±yopi, “akkhimh± akkhig³thako”ti-±din± nayena n±nappak±raka½ asucikalimala½ vamat²ti vammiko. Buddhapaccekabuddhakh²º±sav± imasmi½ attabh±ve nikantipariy±d±nena attabh±va½ cha¹¹etv± gat±ti ariyehi vantakotipi vammiko. Yehi c±ya½ t²hi aµµhisatehi ussito nh±rusambaddho ma½s±valepano allacammapariyonaddho chavirañjito satte vañceti, ta½ sabba½ ariyehi vantamev±ti vantussayotipi vammiko. “Taºh± janeti purisa½, cittamassa vidh±vat²”ti (sa½. ni. 1.55) eva½ taºh±ya janitatt± ariyehi vanteneva taºh±sinehena sambaddho ayanti vantasinehena sambaddhotipi vammiko. Yath± ca vammikassa anto n±nappak±r± p±ºak± tattheva j±yanti, ucc±rapass±va½ karonti, gil±n± sayanti, mat± patanti. Iti so tesa½ s³tighara½ vaccakuµi gil±nas±l± sus±nañca hoti. Eva½ khattiyamah±s±l±d²nampi k±yo aya½ gopitarakkhito maº¹itappas±dhito mah±nubh±v±na½ k±yoti acintetv± chavinissit± p±º± cammanissit± p±º± ma½sanissit± p±º± nh±runissit± p±º± aµµhinissit± p±º± aµµhimiñjanissit± p±º±ti eva½ kulagaºan±ya as²timatt±ni kimikulasahass±ni antok±yasmi½yeva j±yanti, ucc±rapass±va½ karonti, gelaññena ±turit±ni sayanti, mat±ni patanti, iti ayampi tesa½ p±º±na½ s³tighara½ vaccakuµi gil±nas±l± sus±nañca hot²ti “vammiko” tveva saªkha½ gato. Ten±ha bhagav±– “vammikoti kho, bhikkhu, imassa c±tumah±bh³tikassa k±yasseta½ adhivacanan”ti.
M±t±pettikasambhavass±ti m±tito ca pitito ca nibbattena m±t±pettikena sukkasoºitena sambh³tassa. Odanakumm±s³pacayass±ti odanena ceva kumm±sena ca upacitassa va¹¹hitassa. Aniccucch±danaparimaddanabhedanaviddha½sanadhammass±ti ettha aya½ k±yo hutv± abh±vaµµhena aniccadhammo. Duggandhavigh±tatth±ya tanuvilepanena ucch±danadhammo. Aªgapaccaªg±b±dhavinodanatth±ya khuddakasamb±hanena parimaddanadhammo. Daharak±le v± ³r³su say±petv± gabbhav±sena dussaºµhit±na½ tesa½ tesa½ aªg±na½ saºµh±nasamp±danattha½ añchanap²¼an±divasena parimaddanadhammo. Eva½ pariharatopi ca bhedanaviddha½sanadhammo bhijjati ceva vikirati ca, eva½ sabh±voti attho. Tattha m±t±pettikasambhava-odanakumm±s³pacaya-ucch±danaparimaddanapadehi samudayo kathito, aniccabhedaviddha½sanapadehi atthaªgamo. Eva½ sattahipi padehi c±tumah±bh³tikassa k±yassa ucc±vacabh±vo va¹¹hiparih±ni samudayatthaªgamo kathitoti veditabbo.
Div± kammanteti div± kattabbakammante. Dh³m±yan±ti ettha aya½ dh³masaddo kodhe taºh±ya vitakke pañcasu k±maguºesu dhammadesan±ya pakatidh³meti imesu atthesu vattati. “Kodho dh³mo bhasmanimosavajjan”ti (sa½. ni. 1.165) ettha hi kodhe vattati. “Icch±dh³m±yit± satt±”ti ettha taºh±ya. “Tena kho pana samayena aññataro bhikkhu bhagavato avid³re dh³m±yanto nisinno hot²”ti ettha vitakke.
“Paªko ca k±m± palipo ca k±m±,
bhayañca meta½ tim³la½ pavutta½;
rajo ca dh³mo ca may± pak±sit±;
hitv± tuva½ pabbaja brahmadatt±”ti. (J±. 1.6.14)–

Ettha pañcak±maguºesu. “Dh³ma½ katt± hot²”ti (ma. ni. 1.349) ettha dhammadesan±ya. “Dhajo rathassa paññ±ºa½, dh³mo paññ±ºamaggino”ti (sa½. ni. 1.72) ettha pakatidh³me. Idha pan±ya½ vitakke adhippeto. Ten±ha “aya½ ratti½ dh³m±yan±”ti.

Tath±gatasseta½ adhivacananti tath±gato hi sattanna½ dhamm±na½ b±hitatt± br±hmaºo n±ma. Yath±ha– “sattanna½ kho, bhikkhu, dhamm±na½ b±hitatt± br±hmaºo. Katamesa½ sattanna½? R±go b±hito hoti, doso… moho… m±no… sakk±yadiµµhi… vicikicch±… s²labbatapar±m±so b±hito hoti. Imesa½ bhikkhu sattanna½ dhamm±na½ b±hitatt± br±hmaºo”ti (c³¼ani. mettag³m±ºavapucch±niddesa 28). Sumedhoti sundarapañño. Sekkhass±ti ettha sikkhat²ti sekkho. Yath±ha– “sikkhat²ti kho, bhikkhu, tasm± sekkhoti vuccati. Kiñca sikkhati? Adhis²lampi sikkhati, adhicittampi sikkhati, adhipaññampi sikkhat²”ti (a. ni. 3.86).
Paññ±ya adhivacananti lokiyalokuttar±ya paññ±ya eta½ adhivacana½, na ±vudhasatthassa. V²riy±rambhass±ti k±yikacetasikav²riyassa. Ta½ paññ±gatikameva hoti. Lokiy±ya paññ±ya lokiya½, lokuttar±ya paññ±ya lokuttara½. Ettha pan±ya½ atthad²pan±–
Eko kira j±napado br±hmaºo p±tova m±ºavakehi saddhi½ g±mato nikkhamma divasa½ araññe mante v±cetv± s±ya½ g±ma½ ±gacchati. Antar±magge ca eko vammiko atthi. So ratti½ dh³m±yati, div± pajjalati. Br±hmaºo antev±si½ sumedha½ m±ºava½ ±ha– “t±ta, aya½ vammiko ratti½ dh³m±yati, div± pajjalati, vik±ramassa passiss±ma, bhinditv± na½ catt±ro koµµh±se katv± khip±h²”ti. So s±dh³ti kud±la½ gahetv± samehi p±dehi pathaviya½ patiµµh±ya tath± ak±si. Tatra ±cariyabr±hmaºo viya bhagav±. Sumedham±ºavako viya sekkho bhikkhu. Vammiko viya k±yo. “T±ta, aya½ vammiko ratti½ dh³m±yati, div± pajjalati, vik±ramassa passiss±ma, bhinditv± na½ catt±ro koµµh±se katv± khip±h²”ti br±hmaºena vuttak±lo viya, “bhikkhu c±tumah±bh³tika½ k±ya½ catt±ro koµµh±se katv± pariggaºh±h²”ti bhagavat± vuttak±lo. Tassa s±dh³ti kud±la½ gahetv± tath±karaºa½ viya sekkhassa bhikkhuno, “yo v²satiy± koµµh±sesu thaddhabh±vo, aya½ pathav²dh±tu. Yo dv±dasasu koµµh±sesu ±bandhanabh±vo, aya½ ±podh±tu. Yo cat³su koµµh±sesu parip±canabh±vo, aya½ tejodh±tu. Yo chasu koµµh±sesu vitthambhanabh±vo, aya½ v±yodh±t³”ti eva½ catudh±tuvavatth±navasena k±yapariggaho veditabbo.
Laªg²ti kho, bhikkh³ti kasm± bhagav± avijja½ laªg²ti katv± dasses²ti? Yath± hi nagarassa dv±ra½ pidh±ya palighe yojite mah±janassa gamana½ pacchijjati, ye nagarassa anto, te antoyeva honti. Ye bahi, te bahiyeva. Evameva yassa ñ±ºamukhe avijj±laªg² patati, tassa nibb±nasamp±paka½ ñ±ºagamana½ pacchijjati, tasm± avijja½ laªg²ti katv± dassesi. Pajaha avijjanti ettha kammaµµh±na-uggahaparipucch±vasena avijj±pah±na½ kathita½.
Uddhum±yik±ti kho, bhikkh³ti ettha uddhum±yikamaº¹³ko n±ma no mahanto, nakhapiµµhippam±ºo hoti, pur±ºapaººantare v± gacchantare v± valli-antare v± vasati. So daº¹akoµiy± v± vallikoµiy± v± pa½sucuººakena v± ghaµµito ±yamitv± mahanto parimaº¹alo beluvapakkappam±ºo hutv± catt±ro p±de ±k±sagate katv± pacchinnagamano hutv± amittavasa½ y±ti, k±kakulal±dibhattameva hoti. Evameva aya½ kodho paµhama½ uppajjanto citt±vilamattakova hoti. Tasmi½ khaºe aniggahito va¹¹hitv± mukhavikulana½ p±peti. Tad± aniggahito hanusañcopana½ p±peti. Tad± aniggahito pharusav±c±nicch±raºa½ p±peti. Tad± aniggahito dis±vilokana½ p±peti. Tad± aniggahito ±ka¹¹hanaparika¹¹hana½ p±peti. Tad± aniggahito p±ºin± le¹¹udaº¹asatthapar±masana½ p±peti. Tad± aniggahito daº¹asatth±bhinip±ta½ p±peti Tad± aniggahito paragh±tanampi attagh±tanampi p±peti. Vuttampi heta½– “yato aya½ kodho para½ gh±tetv± att±na½ gh±teti, ett±vat±ya½ kodho paramussadagato hoti paramavepullappatto”ti. Tattha yath± uddhum±yik±ya cat³su p±desu ±k±sagatesu gamana½ pacchijjati, uddhum±yik± amittavasa½ gantv± k±k±dibhatta½ hoti, evameva kodhasamaªg²puggalo kammaµµh±na½ gahetv± va¹¹hetu½ na sakkoti, amittavasa½ y±ti, sabbesa½ m±r±na½ yath±k±makaraº²yo hoti. Ten±ha bhagav±– “uddhum±yik±ti kho, bhikkhu, kodh³p±y±sasseta½ adhivacanan”ti. Tattha balavappatto kodhova kodh³p±y±so. Pajaha kodh³p±y±santi ettha paµisaªkh±nappah±na½ kathita½.
Dvidh±pathoti ettha, yath± puriso sadhano sabhogo kant±raddh±namaggappaµipanno dvedh±patha½ patv±, “imin± nu kho gantabba½, imin± gantabban”ti nicchetu½ asakkonto tattheva tiµµhati, atha na½ cor± uµµhahitv± anayabyasana½ p±penti, evameva kho m³lakammaµµh±na½ gahetv± nisinno bhikkhu buddh±d²su kaªkh±ya uppann±ya kammaµµh±na½ va¹¹hetu½ na sakkoti, atha na½ kilesam±r±dayo sabbe m±r± anayabyasana½ p±penti, iti vicikicch± dvedh±pathasam± hoti. Ten±ha bhagav±– “dvidh±pathoti kho, bhikkhu, vicikicch±yeta½ adhivacanan”ti. Pajaha vicikicchanti ettha kammaµµh±na-uggahaparipucch±vasena vicikicch±pah±na½ kathita½.
Caªgav±ranti ettha, yath± rajakehi kh±rapariss±vanamhi udake pakkhitte eko udakaghaµo dvepi dasapi v²satipi ghaµasatampi paggharatiyeva, pasaµamattampi udaka½ na tiµµhati, evameva n²varaºasamaªgino puggalassa abbhantare kusaladhammo na tiµµhati. Ten±ha bhagav±– “caªgav±ranti kho, bhikkhu, pañcanneta½ n²varaº±na½ adhivacanan”ti. Pajaha pañcan²varaºeti ettha vikkhambhanatadaªgavasena n²varaºappah±na½ kathita½.
Kummoti ettha, yath± kacchapassa catt±ro p±d± s²santi pañceva aªg±ni honti, evameva sabbepi saªkhat± dhamm± gayham±n± pañceva khandh± bhavanti. Ten±ha bhagav±– “kummoti kho, bhikkhu, pañcanneta½ up±d±nakkhandh±na½ adhivacanan”ti. Pajaha pañcup±d±nakkhandheti ettha pañcasu khandhesu chandar±gappah±na½ kathita½.
Asis³n±ti ettha, yath± s³n±ya upari ma½sa½ µhapetv± asin± koµµenti, evamime satt± vatthuk±matth±ya kilesak±mehi gh±tayam±n± vatthuk±m±na½ upari katv± kilesak±mehi kantit± koµµit± ca honti. Ten±ha bhagav±– “asis³n±ti kho, bhikkhu, pañcanneta½ k±maguº±na½ adhivacanan”ti. Pajaha pañca k±maguºeti ettha pañcasu k±maguºesu chandar±gappah±na½ kathita½.
Ma½sapes²ti kho, bhikkh³ti ettha aya½ ma½sapesi n±ma bahujanapatthit± khattiy±dayo manuss±pi na½ patthenti k±k±dayo tiracch±n±pi. Ime hi satt± avijj±ya sammatt± nandir±ga½ upagamma vaµµa½ va¹¹henti. Yath± v± ma½sapesi µhapitaµhapitaµµh±ne laggati, evamime satt± nandir±gabaddh± vaµµe lagganti, dukkha½ patv±pi na ukkaºµhanti iti nandir±go ma½sapesisadiso hoti. Ten±ha bhagav±– “ma½sapes²ti kho, bhikkhu, nandir±gasseta½ adhivacanan”ti. Pajaha nand²r±ganti ettha catutthamaggena nand²r±gappah±na½ kathita½.
N±goti kho, bhikkhu, kh²º±savasseta½ bhikkhuno adhivacananti ettha yenatthena kh²º±savo n±goti vuccati, so anaªgaºasutte (ma. ni. aµµha. 1.63) pak±sito eva. Namo karohi n±gass±ti kh²º±savassa buddhan±gassa, “buddho so bhagav± bodh±ya dhamma½ deseti, danto so bhagav± damath±ya dhamma½ deseti, santo so bhagav± samath±ya dhamma½ deseti, tiººo so bhagav± taraº±ya dhamma½ deseti, parinibbuto so bhagav± parinibb±n±ya dhamma½ deset²”ti (ma. ni. 1.361) eva½ namakk±ra½ karoh²ti ayamettha attho. Iti ida½ sutta½ therassa kammaµµh±na½ ahosi. Theropi idameva sutta½ kammaµµh±na½ katv± vipassana½ va¹¹hetv± arahatta½ patto. Ayametassa atthoti aya½ etassa pañhassa attho. Iti bhagav± ratanar±simhi maºik³µa½ gaºhanto viya yath±nusandhin±va desana½ niµµhapes²ti.

Papañcas³daniy± majjhimanik±yaµµhakath±ya

Vammikasuttavaººan± niµµhit±.