3. Vammikasuttavaººan±

249. Eva½ me sutanti vammikasutta½. Tattha ±yasm±ti piyavacanameta½. Kum±rakassapoti tassa n±ma½. Kum±rak±le pabbajitatt± pana bhagavat±, “kassapa½ pakkosatha, ida½ phala½ v± kh±dan²ya½ v± kassapassa deth±”ti vutte, katarassa kassapass±ti kum±rakassapass±ti eva½ gahitan±matt± tato paµµh±ya vu¹¹hak±lepi “kum±rakassapo” tveva vuccati. Apica raññ± pos±vanikaputtatt±pi ta½ “kum±rakassapo”ti sañj±ni½su. Aya½ panassa pubbayogato paµµh±ya ±vibh±vakath±–
Thero kira padumuttarassa bhagavato k±le seµµhiputto ahosi. Athekadivasa½ bhagavanta½ citrakathi½ eka½ attano s±vaka½ µh±nantare µhapenta½ disv± bhagavato satt±ha½ d±na½ datv±, “ahampi bhagav± an±gate ekassa buddhassa aya½ thero viya citrakath² s±vako bhaveyyan”ti patthana½ katv± puññ±ni karonto kassapassa bhagavato s±sane pabbajitv± visesa½ nibbattetu½ n±sakkhi.
Tad± kira parinibbutassa bhagavato s±sane osakkante pañca bhikkh³ nisseºi½ bandhitv± pabbata½ abhiruyha samaºadhamma½ aka½su. Saªghatthero tatiyadivase arahatta½ patto. Anuthero catutthadivase an±g±m² ahosi. Itare tayo visesa½ nibbattetu½ asakkont± devaloke nibbatti½su. Tesa½ eka½ buddhantara½ devesu ca manussesu ca sampatti½ anubhont±na½ eko takkasil±ya½ r±jakule nibbattitv± pukkus±ti n±ma r±j± hutv± bhagavanta½ uddissa pabbajitv± r±jagaha½ gacchanto kumbhak±ras±l±ya½ bhagavato dhammadesana½ sutv± an±g±miphala½ patto. Eko ekasmi½ samuddapaµµane kulaghare nibbattitv± n±va½ ±ruyha bhinnan±vo d±ruc²r±ni niv±setv± l±bhasampatti½ patto, “aha½ arah±”ti citta½ upp±detv±, “na tva½ arah±, gaccha satth±ra½ pañha½ pucch±”ti atthak±m±ya devat±ya codito tath± katv± arahattaphala½ patto.
Eko r±jagahe ekiss± kulad±rik±ya kucchimhi uppanno. S± ca paµhama½ m±t±pitaro y±citv± pabbajja½ alabham±n± kulaghara½ gat± gabbhasaºµhitampi aj±nant² s±mika½ ±r±dhetv± tena anuññ±t± bhikkhun²su pabbajit±. Tass± gabbhininimitta½ disv± bhikkhuniyo devadatta½ pucchi½su, so “assamaº²”ti ±ha. Dasabala½ pucchi½su, satth± up±litthera½ paµicch±pesi. Thero s±vatthinagarav±s²ni kul±ni vis±khañca up±sika½ pakkos±petv± sodhento,– “pure laddho gabbho, pabbajj± arog±”ti ±ha. Satth± “suvinicchita½ adhikaraºan”ti therassa s±dhuk±ra½ ad±si. S± bhikkhun² suvaººabimbasadisa½ putta½ vij±yi, ta½ gahetv± r±j± pasenadi kosalo pos±pesi. “Kassapo”ti cassa n±ma½ katv± aparabh±ge alaªkaritv± satthu santika½ netv± pabb±jesi. Iti rañño pos±vanikaputtatt±pi ta½ “kum±rakassapo”ti sañj±ni½s³ti.
Andhavaneti eva½n±make vane. Ta½ kira vana½ dvinna½ buddh±na½ k±le avijahitan±ma½ andhavana½tveva paññ±yati. Tatr±ya½ paññattivibh±van±– app±yukabuddh±nañhi sar²radh±tu na ekagghan± hoti. Adhiµµh±n±nubh±vena vippakiriyati. Teneva amh±kampi bhagav±,– “aha½ na ciraµµhitiko, appakehi sattehi aha½ diµµho, yehi na diµµho, teva bahutar±, te me dh±tuyo ±d±ya tattha tattha p³jent± saggapar±yaº± bhavissant²”ti parinibb±nak±le, “attano sar²ra½ vippakiriyat³”ti adhiµµh±si. D²gh±yukabuddh±na½ pana suvaººakkhandho viya ekagghana½ dh±tusar²ra½ tiµµhati.
Kassapass±pi bhagavato tatheva aµµh±si. Tato mah±jan± sannipatitv±, “dh±tuyo ekagghan± na sakk± viyojetu½, ki½ kariss±m±”ti sammantayitv± ekagghanameva cetiya½ kariss±ma, kittaka½ pana hotu tanti ±ha½su. Eke sattayojaniyanti ±ha½su. Eta½ atimahanta½, an±gate jaggitu½ na sakk±, chayojana½ hotu, pañcayojana½… catuyojana½… tiyojana½… dviyojana½… ekayojana½ hot³ti sanniµµh±na½ katv± iµµhak± k²dis± hont³ti b±hirante iµµhak± rattasuvaººamay± ekagghan± satasahassagghanik± hontu, abbhantarimante paññ±sasahassagghanik±. Harit±lamanosil±hi mattik±kicca½ kayiratu, telena udakakiccanti niµµha½ gantv± catt±ri mukh±ni catudh± vibhaji½su. R±j± eka½ mukha½ gaºhi, r±japutto pathavindarakum±ro eka½, amacc±na½ jeµµhako hutv± sen±pati eka½, janapad±na½ jeµµhako hutv± seµµhi eka½.
Tattha dhanasampannat±ya r±j±pi suvaººa½ n²har±petv± attan± gahitamukhe kamma½ ±rabhi, upar±j±pi, sen±patipi. Seµµhin± gahitamukhe pana kamma½ ol²yati. Tato yasorato n±ma eko up±sako tepiµako bh±ºako an±g±m² ariyas±vako, so kamma½ ol²yat²ti ñatv± pañca sakaµasat±ni yoj±petv± janapada½ gantv± “kassapasamm±sambuddho v²sativassasahass±ni µhatv± parinibbuto. Tassa yojanika½ ratanacetiya½ kayirati, yo ya½ d±tu½ ussahati suvaººa½ v± hirañña½ v± sattaratana½ v± harit±la½ v± manosila½ v±, so ta½ det³”ti sam±dapesi. Manuss± attano attano th±mena hiraññasuvaºº±d²ni ada½su. Asakkont± telataº¹ul±d²ni dentiyeva. Up±sako telataº¹ul±d²ni kammak±r±na½ bhattavetanattha½ pahiº±ti, avasesehi suvaººa½ cet±petv± pahiº±ti, eva½ sakalajambud²pa½ acari.
Cetiye kamma½ niµµhitanti cetiyaµµh±nato paººa½ pahiºi½su– “niµµhita½ kamma½ ±cariyo ±gantv± cetiya½ vandat³”ti. Sopi paººa½ pahiºi– “may± sakalajambud²po sam±dapito, ya½ atthi, ta½ gahetv± kamma½ niµµh±pent³”ti. Dvepi paºº±ni antar±magge sam±gami½su. ¾cariyassa paººato pana cetiyaµµh±nato paººa½ paµhamatara½ ±cariyassa hattha½ agam±si. So paººa½ v±cetv± cetiya½ vandiss±m²ti ekakova nikkhami. Antar±magge aµaviya½ pañca corasat±ni uµµhahi½su. Tatrekacce ta½ disv± imin± sakalajambud²pato hiraññasuvaººa½ sampiº¹ita½, nidhikumbh² no pavaµµam±n± ±gat±ti avases±na½ ±rocetv± ta½ aggahesu½. Kasm± t±t±, ma½ gaºhath±ti? Tay± sakalajambud²pato sabba½ hiraññasuvaººa½ sampiº¹ita½, amh±kampi thoka½ thoka½ deh²ti. Ki½ tumhe na j±n±tha, kassapo bhagav± parinibbuto, tassa yojanika½ ratanacetiya½ kayirati, tadatth±ya may± sam±dapita½, no attano atth±ya. Ta½ ta½ laddhaladdhaµµh±nato tattheva pesita½, mayha½ pana nivatthas±µakamatta½ µhapetv± añña½ vitta½ k±kaºikampi natth²ti.
Eke, “evameta½ vissajetha ±cariyan”ti ±ha½su. Eke, “aya½ r±jap³jito amaccap³jito amhesu kañcideva nagarav²thiya½ disv± r±jar±jamah±matt±d²na½ ±rocetv± anayavyasana½ p±puº±peyy±”ti ±ha½su. Up±sako, “t±t±, n±ha½ eva½ kariss±m²”ti ±ha. Tañca kho tesu k±ruññena, na attano j²vitanikantiy±. Atha tesu gahetabbo vissajjetabboti vivadantesu gahetabboti laddhik± eva bahutar± hutv± j²vit± voropayi½su.
Tesa½ balavaguºe ariyas±vake apar±dhena nibbutad²pasikh± viya akkh²ni antaradh±yi½su. Te, “kaha½ bho cakkhu, kaha½ bho cakkh³”ti vippalapant± ekacce ñ±takehi geha½ n²t±. Ekacce noñ±tak± an±th±ti tattheva aµaviya½ rukkham³le paººas±l±ya½ vasi½su. Aµavi½ ±gatamanuss± k±ruññena tesa½ taº¹ula½ v± puµabhatta½ v± paribbaya½ v± denti. D±rupaºº±d²na½ atth±ya gantv± ±gat± manuss± kuhi½ gatatth±ti vutte andhavana½ gatamh±ti vadanti. Eva½ dvinnampi buddh±na½ k±le ta½ vana½ andhavana½tveva paññ±yati. Kassapabuddhak±le paneta½ cha¹¹itajanapade aµavi ahosi. Amh±ka½ bhagavato k±le s±vatthiy± avid³re jetavanassa piµµhibh±ge pavivekak±m±na½ kulaputt±na½ vasanaµµh±na½ padh±naghara½ ahosi, tattha ±yasm± kum±rakassapo tena samayena sekhapaµipada½ p³rayam±no viharati. Tena vutta½ “andhavane viharat²”ti.
Aññatar± devat±ti n±magottavasena ap±kaµ± ek± devat±ti attho. “Abhij±n±ti no, bhante, bhagav± ahuñ±taññatarassa mahesakkhassa sa½khittena taºh±saªkhayavimutti½ bh±sit±”ti (ma. ni. 1.365) ettha pana abhiññ±to sakkopi devar±j± aññataroti vutto. Devat±ti ca ida½ dev±nampi devadh²t±nampi s±dh±raºavacana½. Imasmi½ panatthe devo adhippeto. Abhikkant±ya rattiy±ti ettha abhikkantasaddo khayasundar±bhir³pa-abbhanumodan±d²su dissati. Tattha– “abhikkant±, bhante, ratti, nikkhanto paµhamo y±mo, ciranisinno bhikkhusaªgho, uddisatu, bhante, bhagav± bhikkh³na½ p±timokkhan”ti evam±d²su (a. ni. 8.20) khaye dissati. “Aya½ imesa½ catunna½ puggal±na½ abhikkantataro ca paº²tataro c±”ti (a. ni. 4.100) evam±d²su sundare.
“Ko me vandati p±d±ni, iddhiy± yasas± jala½;
abhikkantena vaººena, sabb± obh±saya½ dis±”ti. (Vi. va. 857)–

Evam±d²su abhir³pe. “Abhikkanta½, bho gotam±”ti evam±d²su (p±r±. 15) abbhanumodane. Idha pana khaye. Tena abhikkant±ya rattiy±ti parikkh²º±ya rattiy±ti vutta½ hoti. Tatth±ya½ devaputto majjhimay±masamanantare ±gatoti veditabbo. Abhikkantavaºº±ti idha abhikkantasaddo abhir³pe. Vaººasaddo pana chavi-thuti-kulavaggak±raºa-saºµh±napam±ºar³p±yatan±d²su dissati. Tattha, “suvaººavaººosi bhagav±”ti evam±d²su chaviy±. “Kad± saññ³¼h± pana te gahapati samaºassa gotamassa vaºº±”ti (ma. ni. 2.77) evam±d²su thutiya½. “Catt±rome, bho gotama, vaºº±”ti evam±d²su (d². ni. 3.115) kulavagge. “Atha kena nu vaººena, gandhathenoti vuccat²”ti evam±d²su (sa½. ni. 1.234) k±raºe. “Mahanta½ hatthir±javaººa½ abhinimminitv±”ti evam±d²su (sa½. ni. 1.138) saºµh±ne. “Tayo pattassa vaºº±”ti evam±d²su (p±r±. 602) pam±ºe. “Vaººo gandho raso oj±”ti evam±d²su r³p±yatane. So idha chaviya½ daµµhabbo. Tena abhikkantavaºº±ti abhir³pachavi-iµµhavaºº±, man±pavaºº±ti vutta½ hoti. Devat± hi manussaloka½ ±gaccham±n± pakativaººa½ pakati-iddhi½ pajahitv± o¼±rika½ attabh±va½ katv± atirekavaººa½ atireka-iddhi½ m±petv± naµasamajj±d²ni gacchant± manuss± viya abhisaªkhatena k±yena ±gacchanti. Ayampi devaputto tatheva ±gato. Tena vutta½ “abhikkantavaºº±”ti.

Kevalakappanti ettha kevalasaddo anavasesa-yebh³yya-aby±miss±natirekada¼hattha-visa½yog±di-anekattho. Tath± hissa, “kevalaparipuººa½ parisuddha½ brahmacariyan”ti (p±r±. 1) evam±d²su anavasesattamattho. “Kevalakapp± ca aªgamagadh± pah³ta½ kh±dan²ya½ bhojan²ya½ ±d±ya upasaªkamissant²”ti evam±d²su yebhuyyat±. “Kevalassa dukkhakkhandhassa samudayo hot²”ti (vibha. 225) evam±d²su aby±missat±. “Kevala½ saddh±mattaka½ n³na ayam±yasm±”ti (mah±va. 244) evam±d²su anatirekat±. “¾yasmato anuruddhassa b±hiyo n±ma saddhivih±riko kevalakappa½ saªghabhed±ya µhito”ti (a. ni. 4.243) evam±d²su da¼hatthat± “Keval² vusitav± uttamapurisoti vuccat²”ti (sa½. ni. 3.57) evam±d²su visa½yogo. Idha panassa anavasesattamatthoti adhippeto.
Kappasaddo pan±ya½ abhisaddahana-voh±ra-k±la-paññatti- chedana-vikappa-lesa-samantabh±v±di-anekattho. Tath± hissa, “okappaniyameta½ bhoto gotamassa, yath± ta½ arahato samm±sambuddhass±”ti (ma. ni. 1.387) evam±d²su abhisaddahanamattho. “Anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, pañcahi samaºakappehi phala½ paribhuñjitun”ti (c³¼ava. 250) evam±d²su voh±ro. “Yena suda½ niccakappa½ vihar±m²”ti evam±d²su (ma. ni. 1.387) k±lo. “Icc±yasm± kappo”ti (sa½. ni. 3.124) evam±d²su paññatti. “Alaªkat± kappitakesamass³”ti (sa½. ni. 4.365) evam±d²su chedana½. “Kappati dvaªgulakappo”ti (c³¼ava. 446) evam±d²su vikappo. “Atthi kappo nipajjitun”ti (a. ni. 8.80) evam±d²su leso. “Kevalakappa½ ve¼uvana½ obh±setv±”ti (sa½. ni. 1.94) evam±d²su samantabh±vo. Idha panassa samantabh±vo attho adhippeto. Tasm± kevalakappa½ andhavananti ettha anavasesa½ samantato andhavananti evamattho daµµhabbo.