Bhagav± hi katthaci aniccavasena anattatta½ dasseti, katthaci dukkhavasena, katthaci ubhayavasena. “Cakkhu att±ti yo vadeyya, ta½ na upapajjati, cakkhussa upp±dopi vayopi pańń±yati. Yassa kho pana upp±dopi vayopi pańń±yati, att± me uppajjati ca veti c±ti iccassa evam±gata½ hoti, tasm± ta½ na upapajjati cakkhu att±ti yo vadeyya, iti cakkhu anatt±”ti (ma. ni. 3.422) imasmińhi chachakkasutte aniccavasena anattata½ dasseti. “R³pańca hida½, bhikkhave att± abhavissa, nayida½ r³pa½ ±b±dh±ya sa½vatteyya, labbhetha ca r³pe ‘eva½ me r³pa½ hotu, eva½ me r³pa½ m± ahos²’ti. Yasm± ca kho, bhikkhave, r³pa½ anatt±, tasm± r³pa½ ±b±dh±ya sa½vattati, na ca labbhati r³pe ‘eva½ me r³pa½ hotu, eva½ me r³pa½ m± ahos²”’ti (mah±va. 20; sa½. ni. 3.59) imasmi½ anattalakkhaŗasutte dukkhavasena anattata½ dasseti. “R³pa½, bhikkhave, anicca½, yadanicca½ ta½ dukkha½, ya½ dukkha½ tadanatt±, yadanatt± ta½ ‘neta½ mama, nesohamasmi, na meso att±’ti evameta½ yath±bh³ta½ sammappańń±ya daµµhabban”ti (sa½. ni. 3.76) imasmi½ arahattasutte ubhayavasena anattata½ dasseti. Kasm±? Anicca½ dukkhańca p±kaµa½. Anatt±ti na p±kaµa½.
Paribhogabh±jan±d²su hi bhinnesu aho aniccanti vadanti, aho anatt±ti vatt± n±ma natthi. Sar²re gaŗ¹api¼ak±d²su v± uµµhit±su kaŗµakena v± viddh± aho dukkhanti vadanti, aho anatt±ti pana vatt± n±ma natthi. Kasm±? Idańhi anattalakkhaŗa½ n±ma avibh³ta½ duddasa½ duppańń±pana½. Tena ta½ bhagav± aniccavasena v± dukkhavasena v± ubhayavasena v± dasseti. Tayida½ imasmimpi teparivaµµe aniccadukkhavaseneva dassita½. Vedan±d²supi eseva nayo.
Tasm± tiha, bhikkhaveti, bhikkhave, yasm± etarahi ańńad±pi r³pa½ anicca½ dukkha½ anatt±, tasm±ti attho. Ya½kińci r³panti-±d²ni visuddhimagge khandhaniddese vitth±rit±neva.
245. Nibbindat²ti ukkaŗµhati. Ettha ca nibbid±ti vuµµh±nag±min²vipassan± adhippet±. Vuµµh±nag±min²vipassan±ya hi bah³ni n±m±ni. Es± hi katthaci sańńagganti vutt±. Katthaci dhammaµµhitiń±ŗanti. Katthaci p±risuddhipadh±niyaŖganti. Katthaci paµipad±ń±ŗadassanavisuddh²ti Katthaci tammayat±pariy±d±nanti. Katthaci t²hi n±mehi. Katthaci dv²h²ti.
Tattha poµµhap±dasutte t±va “sańń± kho, poµµhap±da, paµhama½ uppajjati, pacch± ń±ŗan”ti (d². ni. 1.416) eva½ sańńagganti vutt±. Susimasutte “pubbe kho, susima, dhammaµµhitiń±ŗa½ pacch± nibb±ne ń±ŗan”ti (sa½. ni. 2.70) eva½ dhammaµµhitiń±ŗanti vutt±. Dasuttarasutte “paµipad±ń±ŗadassanavisuddhipadh±niyaŖgan”ti (d². ni. 3.359) eva½ p±risuddhipad±niyaŖganti vutt±. Rathavin²te “ki½ nu kho, ±vuso, paµipad±ń±ŗadassanavisuddhattha½ bhagavati brahmacariya½ vussat²”ti (ma. ni. 1.257) eva½ paµipad±ń±ŗadassanavisuddh²ti vutt±. Sa¼±yatanavibhaŖge “atammayata½, bhikkhave, niss±ya atammayata½ ±gamma y±ya½ upekkh± n±natt± n±nattasit±, ta½ abhinivajjetv± y±ya½ upekkh± ekatt± ekattasit±, ta½ niss±ya ta½ ±gamma evametiss± pah±na½ hoti, evametiss± samatikkamo hot²”ti (d². ni. 3.310) eva½ tammayat±pariy±d±nanti vutt±. Paµisambhid±magge “y± ca muńcitukamyat±, y± ca paµisaŖkh±nupassan±, y± ca saŖkh±rupekkh±, ime dhamm± ekatth± byańjanameva n±nan”ti (paµi. ma. 1.54) eva½ t²hi n±mehi vutt±. Paµµh±ne “anuloma½ gotrabhussa anantarapaccayena paccayo, anuloma½ vod±nassa anantarapaccayena paccayo”ti (paµµh±. 1.1.417) eva½ dv²hi n±mehi vutt±. Imasmi½ pana alagaddasutte nibbindat²ti nibbid±n±mena ±gat±.
Nibbid± virajjat²ti ettha vir±goti maggo vir±g± vimuccat²ti ettha vir±gena maggena vimuccat²ti phala½ kathita½. Vimuttasmi½ vimuttamiti ń±ŗa½ hot²ti idha paccavekkhaŗ± kathit±.
Eva½ vimuttacitta½ mah±kh²ŗ±sava½ dassetv± id±ni tassa yath±bh³tehi pańcahi k±raŗehi n±ma½ gaŗhanto aya½ vuccati, bhikkhaveti-±dim±ha. Avijj±ti vaµµam³lik± avijj±. Ayańhi durukkhipanaµµhena palighoti vuccati. Tenesa tassa ukkhittatt± ukkhittapalighoti vutto. T±l±vatthukat±ti s²sacchinnat±lo viya kat±, sam³la½ v± t±la½ uddharitv± t±lassa vatthu viya kat±, yath± tasmi½ vatthusmi½ puna so t±lo na pańń±yati, eva½ puna apańńattibh±va½ n²t±ti attho. Ponobbhavikoti punabbhavad±yako. J±tisa½s±roti-±d²su j±yanavasena ceva sa½saraŗavasena ca eva½ laddhan±m±na½ punabbhavakhandh±na½ paccayo kamm±bhisaŖkh±ro. So hi punappuna½ uppattikaraŗavasena parikkhipitv± µhitatt± parikkh±ti vuccati, tenesa tass± sa½kiŗŗatt± vikiŗŗatt± sa½kiŗŗaparikkhoti vutto. Taŗh±ti vaµµam³lik± taŗh±. Ayańhi gambh²r±nugataµµhena esik±ti vuccati. Tenesa tass± abb³¼hatt± luńcitv± cha¹¹itatt± abb³¼hesikoti vutto. Orambh±giy±n²ti ora½ bhajanak±ni k±mabhave upapattipaccay±ni. Et±ni hi kav±µa½ viya nagaradv±ra½ citta½ pidahitv± µhitatt± agga¼±ti vuccanti. Tenesa tesa½ nir±katatt± bhinnatt± niragga¼oti vutto. Ariyoti nikkileso parisuddho. Pannaddhajoti patitam±naddhajo. Pannabh±roti khandhabh±rakilesabh±ra-abhisaŖkh±rabh±rapańck±maguŗabh±r± pann± orohit± ass±ti pannabh±ro. Apica idha m±nabh±rasseva oropitatt± pannabh±roti adhippeto. Visa½yuttoti cat³hi yogehi sabbakilesehi ca visa½yutto. Idha pana m±nasa½yogeneva visa½yuttatt± visa½yuttoti adhippeto. Asmim±noti r³pe asm²ti m±no, vedan±ya… sańń±ya… saŖkh±resu… vińń±ŗe asm²ti m±no.
Ett±vat± bhagavat± maggena kilese khepetv± nirodhasayanavaragatassa nibb±n±rammaŗa½ phalasam±patti½ appetv± viharato kh²ŗ±savassa k±lo dassito. Yath± hi dve nagar±ni eka½ coranagara½, eka½ khemanagara½. Atha ekassa mah±yodhassa eva½ bhaveyya– “y±vima½ coranagara½ tiµµhati, t±va khemanagara½ bhayato na muccati, coranagara½ anagara½ kariss±m²”ti sann±ha½ katv± khagga½ gahetv± coranagara½ upasaŖkamitv± nagaradv±re uss±pite esikatthambhe khaggena chinditv± sadv±rab±haka½ kav±µa½ chinditv± paligha½ ukkhipitv± p±k±ra½ bhindanto parikkha½ sa½kiritv± nagarasobhanatth±ya ussite dhaje p±tetv± nagara½ aggin± jh±petv± khemanagara½ pavisitv± p±s±da½ abhiruyha ń±tigaŗaparivuto surasabhojana½ bhuńjeyya, eva½ coranagara½ viya sakk±yo, khemanagara½ viya nibb±na½, mah±yodho viya yog±vacaro. Tasseva½ hoti, “y±va sakk±yavaµµa½ vattati, t±va dvatti½sakammak±raŗa-aµµhanavutirogapańcav²satimah±bhayehi parimuccana½ natth²”ti. So mah±yodho viya sann±ha½ s²lasann±ha½ katv±, pańń±khagga½ gahetv± khaggena esikatthambhe viya arahattamaggena taŗhesika½ luńcitv±, so yodho sadv±rab±haka½ nagarakav±µa½ viya pańcorambh±giyasa½yojanagga¼a½ uggh±µetv±, so yodho paligha½ viya, avijj±paligha½ ukkhipitv± so yodho p±k±ra½ bhindanto parikkha½ viya kamm±bhisaŖkh±ra½ bhindanto j±tisa½s±raparikkha½ sa½kiritv±, so yodho nagarasobhanatth±ya uss±pite dhaje viya m±naddhaje p±tetv± sakk±yanagara½ jh±petv±, so yodho khemanagare uparip±s±de surasabhojana½ viya kilesanibb±na½ nagara½ pavisitv± amatanirodh±rammaŗa½ phalasam±pattisukha½ anubhavam±no k±la½ v²tin±meti.
246. Id±ni eva½ vimuttacittassa kh²ŗ±savassa parehi anadhigaman²yavińń±ŗata½ dassento eva½ vimuttacitta½ khoti-±dim±ha. Tattha anvesanti anvesant± gavesant±. Ida½ nissitanti ida½ n±ma nissita½. Tath±gatass±ti ettha sattopi tath±gatoti adhippeto, uttamapuggalo kh²ŗ±savopi. Ananuvijjoti asa½vijjam±no v± avindeyyo v±. Tath±gatoti hi satte gahite asa½vijjam±noti attho vaµµati, kh²ŗ±save gahite avindeyyoti attho vaµµati.
Tattha purimanaye ayamadhipp±yo– bhikkhave, aha½ diµµheva dhamme dharam±naka½yeva kh²ŗ±sava½ tath±gato satto puggaloti na pańńapemi. Appaµisandhika½ pana parinibbuta½ kh²ŗ±sava½ sattoti v± puggaloti v± ki½ pańńapess±mi? Ananuvijjo tath±gato. Na hi paramatthato satto n±ma koci atthi, tassa avijjam±nassa ida½ nissita½ vińń±ŗanti anvesant±pi ki½ adhigacchissanti? Katha½ paµilabhissant²ti attho. Dutiyanaye ayamadhipp±yo– bhikkhave, aha½ diµµheva dhamme dharam±naka½yeva kh²ŗ±sava½ vińń±ŗavasena ind±d²hi avindiya½ vad±mi. Na hi sa-ind± dev± sabrahmak± sapaj±patik± anvesant±pi kh²ŗ±savassa vipassan±citta½ v± maggacitta½ v± phalacitta½ v±, ida½ n±ma ±rammaŗa½ niss±ya vattat²ti j±nitu½ sakkonti. Te appaµisandhikassa parinibbutassa ki½ j±nissant²ti?
Asat±ti asantena. Tucch±ti tucchakena. Mus±ti mus±v±dena. Abh³ten±ti ya½ natthi, tena. Abbh±cikkhant²ti abhi-±cikkhanti, abhibhavitv± vadanti. Venayikoti vinayati vin±set²ti vinayo, so eva venayiko, sattavin±sakoti adhipp±yo. Yath± c±ha½ na, bhikkhaveti, bhikkhave, yena v±k±rena aha½ na sattavin±sako. Yath± c±ha½ na vad±m²ti yena v± k±raŗena aha½ sattavin±sa½ na pańńapemi Ida½ vutta½ hoti– yath±ha½ na sattavin±sako, yath± ca na sattavin±sa½ pańńapemi, tath± ma½ te bhonto samaŗabr±hmaŗ± “venayiko samaŗo gotamo”ti vadant± sattavin±sako samaŗo gotamoti ca, “sato sattassa uccheda½ vin±sa½ vibhava½ pańńapet²”ti vadant± sattavin±sa½ pańńapet²ti ca asat± tucch± mus± abh³tena abbh±cikkhant²ti.
Pubbe c±ti pubbe mah±bodhimaŗ¹amhiyeva ca. Etarahi c±ti etarahi dhammadesan±yańca. Dukkhańceva pańńapemi, dukkhassa ca nirodhanti dhammacakka½ appavattetv± bodhimaŗ¹e viharantopi dhammacakkappavattanato paµµh±ya dhamma½ desentopi catusaccameva pańńapem²ti attho. Ettha hi dukkhaggahaŗena tassa m³labh³to samudayo, nirodhaggahaŗena ta½samp±pako maggo gahitova hot²ti veditabbo. Tatra ceti tasmi½ catusaccappak±sane. Pareti sacc±ni ±j±nitu½ paµivijjhitu½ asamatthapuggal±. Akkosant²ti dasahi akkosavatth³hi akkosanti. Paribh±sant²ti v±c±ya paribh±santi. Rosenti vihesent²ti rosess±ma vihesess±m±ti adhipp±yena ghaµµenti dukkh±penti. Tatr±ti tesu akkos±d²su, tesu v± parapuggalesu. ¾gh±toti kopo. Appaccayoti domanassa½. Anabhiraddh²ti atuµµhi.
Tatra ceti catusaccappak±saneyeva. Pareti catusaccappak±sana½ ±j±nitu½ paµivijjhitu½ samatthapuggal±. ¾nandoti ±nandap²ti. Uppil±vitattanti uppil±panap²ti. Tatra ceti catusaccappak±sanamhiyeva. Tatr±ti sakk±r±d²su. Ya½ kho ida½ pubbe parińń±tanti ida½ khandhapańcaka½ pubbe bodhimaŗ¹e t²hi parińń±hi parińń±ta½. Tatthameti tasmi½ khandhapańcake ime. Ki½ vutta½ hoti? Tatr±pi tath±gatassa ime sakk±r± mayi kar²yant²ti v± aha½ ete anubhav±m²ti v± na hoti. Pubbe parińń±takkhandhapańcaka½yeva ete sakk±re anubhot²ti ettakameva hot²ti. Tasm±ti yasm± sacc±ni paµivijjhitu½ asamatth± tath±gatampi akkosanti, tasm±. Sesa½ vuttanayeneva veditabba½.
247. Tasm± tiha bhikkhave, ya½ na tumh±kanti yasm± attaniyepi chandar±gappah±na½ d²gharatta½ hit±ya sukh±ya sa½vattati, tasm± ya½ na tumh±ka½, ta½ pajahath±ti attho. Yath±paccaya½ v± kareyy±ti yath± yath± iccheyya tath± tath± kareyya. Na hi no eta½, bhante, att± v±ti, bhante, eta½ tiŗakaµµhas±kh±pal±sa½ amh±ka½ neva att± na amh±ka½ r³pa½ na vińń±ŗanti vadanti. Attaniya½ v±ti amh±ka½ c²var±diparikkh±ropi na hot²ti attho. Evameva kho, bhikkhave, ya½ na tumh±ka½ ta½ pajahath±ti bhagav±, khandhapańcaka½yeva na tumh±kanti dassetv± pajah±peti, tańca kho na upp±µetv±, luńcitv± v±. Chandar±gavinayena paneta½ pajah±peti.
248. Eva½ sv±kkh±toti ettha tiparivaµµato paµµh±ya y±va ima½ µh±na½ ±haritumpi vaµµati, paµilomena pemamattakena saggapar±yaŗato paµµh±ya y±va ima½ µh±na½ ±haritumpi vaµµati. Sv±kkh±toti sukathito. Sukathitatt± eva utt±no vivaµo pak±sito. Chinnapilotikoti pilotik± vuccati chinna½ bhinna½ tattha tattha sibbita½ gaŗµhikata½ jiŗŗa½ vattha½, ta½ yassa natthi, aµµhahattha½ v± navahattha½ v± ahatas±µaka½ nivattho, so chinnapilotiko n±ma. Ayampi dhammo t±diso, na hettha kohańń±divasena chinnabhinnasibbitagaŗµhikatabh±vo atthi. Apica kacavaro pilotikoti vuccati. Imasmińca s±sane samaŗakacavara½ n±ma patiµµh±tu½ na labhati. Tenev±ha–
“K±raŗ¹ava½ niddhamatha, kasambuńc±pakassatha;
tato pal±pe v±hetha, assamaŗe samaŗam±nine.
Niddhamitv±na p±picche, p±pa-±c±ragocare;
suddh± suddhehi sa½v±sa½, kappayavho patissat±;
tato samagg± nipak±, dukkhassanta½ karissath±”ti. (Su. ni. 283-285).
Iti samaŗakacavarassa chinnatt±pi aya½ dhammo chinnapilotiko n±ma hoti. Vaµµa½ tesa½ natthi pańń±pan±y±ti tesa½ vaµµa½ apańńattibh±va½ gata½ nippańńattika½ j±ta½. Evar³po mah±kh²ŗ±savo eva½ sv±kkh±te s±saneyeva uppajjati. Yath± ca kh²ŗ±savo, eva½ an±g±mi-±dayopi.
Tattha dhamm±nus±rino saddh±nus±rinoti ime dve sot±pattimaggaµµh± honti. Yath±ha– “katamo ca puggalo dhamm±nus±r²? Yassa puggalassa sot±pattiphalasacchikiriy±ya paµipannassa pańńindriya½ adhimatta½ hoti, pańń±v±hi½ pańń±pubbaŖgama½ ariyamagga½ bh±veti. Aya½ vuccati puggalo dhamm±nus±r². Sot±pattiphalasacchikiriy±ya paµipanno puggalo dhamm±nus±r², phale µhito diµµhippatto. Katamo ca puggalo saddh±nus±r²? Yassa puggalassa sot±pattiphalasacchikiriy±ya paµipannassa saddhindriya½ adhimatta½ hoti, saddh±v±hi½ saddh±pubbaŖgama½ ariyamagga½ bh±veti. Aya½ vuccati puggalo saddh±nus±r². Sot±pattiphalasacchikiriy±ya paµipanno puggalo saddh±nus±r², phale µhito saddh±vimutto”ti (pu. pa. 30). Yesa½ mayi saddh±matta½ pemamattanti imin± yesa½ ańńo ariyadhammo natthi, tath±gate pana saddh±matta½ pemamattameva hoti. Te vipassakapuggal± adhippet±. Vipassakabhikkh³nańhi eva½ vipassana½ paµµhapetv± nisinn±na½ dasabale ek± saddh± eka½ pema½ uppajjati. T±ya saddh±ya tena pemena hatthe gahetv± sagge µhapit± viya honti, niyatagatik± kira ete. Por±ŗakatther± pana evar³pa½ bhikkhu½ c³¼asot±pannoti vadanti. Sesa½ sabbattha utt±natthamev±ti.

Papańcas³daniy± majjhimanik±yaµµhakath±ya

Alagadd³pamasuttavaŗŗan± niµµhit±.