2. Alagadd³pamasuttavaŗŗan±

234. Eva½ me sutanti alagadd³pamasutta½. Tattha gaddhe b±dhayi½s³ti gaddhab±dhino, gaddhab±dhino pubbapuris± ass±ti gaddhab±dhipubbo, tassa gaddhab±dhipubbassa, gijjhagh±takakulappasutass±ti attho. Saggamokkh±na½ antar±ya½ karont²ti antar±yik±. Te kammakilesavip±ka-upav±da-±ŗ±v²tikkamavasena pańcavidh±. Tattha pańc±nantariyadhamm± kammantar±yik± n±ma. Tath± bhikkhun²d³sakakamma½, ta½ pana mokkhasseva antar±ya½ karoti, na saggassa. Niyatamicch±diµµhidhamm± kilesantar±yik± n±ma. Paŗ¹akatiracch±nagata-ubhatobyańjanak±na½ paµisandhidhamm± vip±kantar±yik± n±ma. Ariy³pav±dadhamm± upav±dantar±yik± n±ma, te pana y±va ariye na kham±penti, t±vadeva, na tato para½. Sańcicca v²tikkant± satta ±pattikkhandh± ±ŗ±v²tikkamantar±yik± n±ma. Tepi y±va bhikkhubh±va½ v± paµij±n±ti, na vuµµh±ti v±, na deseti v±, t±vadeva, na tato para½.
Tatr±ya½ bhikkhu bahussuto dhammakathiko sesantar±yike j±n±ti, vinaye pana akovidatt± paŗŗattiv²tikkamantar±yike na j±n±ti, tasm± rahogato eva½ cintesi– ime ±g±rik± pańca k±maguŗe paribhuńjant± sot±pann±pi sakad±g±minopi an±g±minopi honti. Bhikkh³pi man±pik±ni cakkhuvińńeyy±ni r³p±ni passanti…pe… k±yavińńeyye phoµµhabbe phusanti, muduk±ni attharaŗap±vuraŗ±d²ni paribhuńjanti, eta½ sabba½ vaµµati. Kasm± itth²na½yeva r³pasaddagandharasaphoµµhabb± na vaµµanti? Etepi vaµµant²ti. Eva½ rasena rasa½ sa½sandetv± sacchandar±gaparibhogańca nicchandar±gaparibhogańca eka½ katv± th³lav±kehi saddhi½ atisukhumasutta½ upanento viya, s±sapena saddhi½ sineru½ upasa½haranto viya, p±paka½ diµµhigata½ upp±detv±, “ki½ bhagavat± mah±samudda½ bandhantena viya mahat± uss±hena paµhamap±r±jika½ pańńatta½, natthi ettha doso”ti sabbańńutańń±ŗena saddhi½ paµivirujjhanto ves±rajjań±ŗa½ paµib±hanto ariyamagge kh±ŗukaŗµak±d²ni pakkhipanto methunadhamme doso natth²ti jinassa ±ŗ±cakke pah±ra½ ad±si. Ten±ha– “tath±ha½ bhagavat± dhamma½ desita½ ±j±n±m²”ti-±di.
Eva½ by± khoti eva½ viya kho. Samanuyuńjant²ti-±d²su ki½ laddhiko tva½, laddhi½ vadeh²ti puccham±n± samanuyuńjanti n±ma. Diµµhi½ patiµµh±pent± samanugg±hanti n±ma. Kena k±raŗena eva½ vadas²ti k±raŗa½ pucchant± samanubh±santi n±ma. AµµhikaŖkal³pam±ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 2.42-48) aµµhikaŖkal³pam± appass±daµµhena. Ma½sapes³pam± bahus±dh±raŗaµµhena. Tiŗukk³pam± anudahanaµµhena. AŖg±rak±s³pam± mah±bhit±panaµµhena. Supinak³pam± ittarapaccupaµµh±naµµhena. Y±citak³pam± t±vak±likaµµhena. Rukkhaphal³pam± sabbaŖgapaccaŖgapalibhańjanaµµhena. Asis³n³pam± adhikuµµanaµµhena. Sattis³l³pam± vinivijjhanaµµhena. Sappasir³pam± s±saŖkasappaµibhayaµµhena. Th±mas±ti diµµhith±mena. Par±m±s±ti diµµhipar±m±sena. Abhinivissa voharat²ti adhiµµhahitv± voharati d²peti v±.
235. Yato kho te bhikkh³ti yad± te bhikkh³. Eva½ by± kho aha½, bhante, bhagavat±ti ida½ esa attano ajjh±sayena natth²ti vattuk±mopi bhagavato ±nubh±vena sampaµicchati, buddh±na½ kira sammukh± dve kath± kathetu½ samattho n±ma natthi.
236. Kassa kho n±ma tva½ moghapuris±ti tva½ moghapurisa kassa khattiyassa v± br±hmaŗassa v± vessassa v± suddassa v± gahaµµhassa v± pabbajitassa v± devassa v± manussassa v± may± eva½ dhamma½ desita½ ±j±n±si. Atha kho bhagav± bhikkh³ ±mantes²ti aya½ p±µiyekko anusandhi. Ariµµho kira cintesi– “bhagav± ma½ moghapurisoti vadati, na kho pana moghapuris±ti vuttamattakena maggaphal±na½ upanissayo na hoti. Upasenampi hi vaŖgantaputta½, ‘atilahu½ kho tva½, moghapurisa, b±hull±ya ±vatto’ti (mah±va. 75) bhagav± moghapurisav±dena ovadi. Thero aparabh±ge ghaµento v±yamanto cha abhińń± sacch±k±si. Ahampi tath±r³pa½ v²riya½ paggaŗhitv± maggaphal±ni nibbattess±m²”ti. Athassa bhagav± bandhan± pavuttassa paŗ¹upal±sassa viya aviru¼hibh±va½ dassento ima½ desana½ ±rabhi.
Usm²katop²ti bhikkhave, tumhe kinti mańńatha, aya½ ariµµho eva½laddhiko sabbańńutańń±ŗena paµivirujjhitv± ves±rajjań±ŗa½ paµib±hitv± tath±gatassa ±ŗ±cakke pah±ra½ dadam±no api nu imasmi½ dhammavinaye usm²katopi? Yath± nibbutepi mahante aggikkhandhe khajjupanakamatt±pi aggipapaµik± hotiyeva, ya½ niss±ya puna mah±-aggikkhandho bhaveyya. Ki½ nu kho eva½ imassa appamattik±pi ń±ŗusm± atthi, ya½ niss±ya v±yamanto maggaphal±ni nibbatteyy±ti? No heta½, bhanteti, bhante, eva½laddhikassa kuto evar³p± ń±ŗusm±ti? Maggaphal±na½ paccayasamatth±ya ń±ŗusm±ya usm²katabh±va½ paµikkhipant± vadanti. MaŖkubh³toti nittejabh³to. Pattakkhandhoti patitakkhandho. Appaµibh±noti kińci paµibh±na½ apassanto bhinnapaµibh±no evar³pampi n±ma niyy±nikas±sana½ labhitv± aviru¼hidhammo kiramhi samuggh±titapaccayo j±toti attano abhabbata½ paccavekkhanto p±daŖguµµhakena bh³mi½ khaŗam±no nis²di.
Pańń±yissasi khoti ayampi p±µiyekko anusandhi. Ariµµho kira cintesi– “bhagav± mayha½ maggaphal±na½ upanissayo pacchinnoti vadati, na kho pana buddh± sa-upanissay±na½yeva dhamma½ desenti, anupanissay±nampi desenti, aha½ satthu santik± sugatov±da½ labhitv± attano sampatt³paga½ kusala½ kariss±m²”ti. Athassa bhagav± ov±da½ paµipassambhento “pańń±yissas²”ti-±dim±ha. Tassattho, tva½yeva, moghapurisa, imin± p±pakena diµµhigatena niray±d²su pańń±yissasi, mama santik± tuyha½ sugatov±do n±ma natthi, na me tay± attho, idh±ha½ bhikkh³ paµipucchiss±m²ti.
237. Atha kho bhagav±ti ayampi p±µiyekko anusandhi. Imasmińhi µh±ne bhagav± parisa½ sodheti, ariµµha½ gaŗato niss±reti. Sace hi parisagat±na½ kassaci eva½ bhaveyya– “aya½ ariµµho bhagavat± akathita½ kathetu½ ki½ sakkhissati, kacci nu kho parisamajjhe bhagavat± kath±ya sam±raddh±ya sahas± kathitan”ti. Eva½ kathita½ pana na ariµµhova suŗ±ti, ańńenapi suta½ bhavissati. Ath±pissa siy± “yath± satth± ariµµha½ niggaŗh±ti, mampi eva½ niggaŗheyy±ti sutv±pi tuŗh²bh±va½ ±pajjeyy±”ti. “Ta½ sabba½ na karissant²”ti. May±pi na kathita½, ańńena sutampi natth²ti “tumhepime, bhikkhave”ti-±din± paris±ya laddhi½ sodheti. Paris±ya pana laddhisodhaneneva ariµµho gaŗato niss±rito n±ma hoti.
Id±ni ariµµhassa laddhi½ pak±sento so vata, bhikkhaveti-±dim±ha. Tattha ańńatreva k±meh²ti-±d²su yo so, bhikkhave, bhikkhu “te paµisevato n±la½ antar±y±y±”ti eva½laddhiko, so vata kilesak±mehi ceva kilesak±masampayuttehi sańń±vitakkehi ca ańńatra, ete dhamme pah±ya, vin± etehi dhammehi, vatthuk±me paµisevissati, methunasam±c±ra½ sam±carissat²ti neta½ µh±na½ vijjati. Ida½ k±raŗa½ n±ma natthi, aµµh±nameta½ anavak±soti.
238. Eva½ bhagav± aya½ ariµµho yath± n±ma rajako sugandh±nipi duggandh±nipi jiŗŗ±nipi nav±nipi suddh±nipi asuddh±nipi vatth±ni ekato bhaŗ¹ika½ karoti, evameva bhikkh³na½ nicchandar±gapaŗ²tac²var±diparibhogańca anibaddhas²l±na½ gahaµµh±na½ antar±yakara½ sacchandar±gaparibhogańca nibaddhas²l±na½ bhikkh³na½ ±varaŗakara½ sacchandar±gaparibhogańca sabba½ ekasadisa½ karot²ti ariµµhassa laddhi½ pak±setv± id±ni duggahit±ya pariyattiy± dosa½ dassento idha, bhikkhave, ekacceti-±dim±ha. Tattha pariy±puŗant²ti uggaŗhanti. Suttanti-±d²su ubhatovibhaŖganiddesakhandhakapariv±r±, suttanip±te maŖgalasuttaratanasuttan±lakasu-±tuvaµµakasutt±ni, ańńampi ca suttan±maka½ tath±gatavacana½ suttanti veditabba½. Sabbampi sag±thaka½ sutta½ geyyanti veditabba½, visesena sa½yuttake sakalopi sag±th±vaggo. Sakala½ abhidhammapiµaka½, nigg±thaka½ sutta½, yańca ańńampi aµµhahi aŖgehi asaŖgahita½ buddhavacana½, ta½ veyy±karaŗanti veditabba½. Dhammapada½, therag±th±, therig±th±, suttanip±te nosuttan±mik± suddhikag±th± ca g±th±ti veditabb±. Somanassań±ŗamayikag±th±paµisa½yutt± dve-as²tisuttant± ud±nanti veditabb±. “Vuttańheta½ bhagavat±”ti-±dinayappavatt± (itivu. 1,2) dasuttarasatasuttant± itivuttakanti veditabb±. Apaŗŗakaj±tak±d²ni paŗŗ±s±dhik±ni pańcaj±takasat±ni j±takanti veditabb±ni. “Catt±rome, bhikkhave, acchariy± abbhut± dhamm± ±nande”ti-±dinayappavatt± (a. ni. 4.129) sabbepi acchariya-abbhutadhammappaµisa½yutt± suttant± abbhutadhammanti veditabb±. C³¼avedallamah±vedallasamm±diµµhisakkapańhasaŖkh±rabh±janiyamah±puŗŗamasutt±dayo sabbepi vedańca tuµµhińca laddh± laddh± pucchitasuttant± vedallanti veditabb±.
Attha½ na upaparikkhant²ti atthattha½ k±raŗattha½ na passanti na pariggaŗhanti. Anupaparikkhatanti anupaparikkhant±na½. Na nijjh±na½ khamant²ti na upaµµhahanti na ±p±tha½ ±gacchanti, imasmi½ µh±ne s²la½ sam±dhi vipassan± maggo phala½ vaµµa½ vivaµµa½ kathitanti eva½ j±nitu½ na sakk± hont²ti attho. Te up±rambh±nisa½s± cev±ti te paresa½ v±de dos±ropan±nisa½s± hutv± pariy±puŗant²ti attho. Itiv±dappamokkh±nisa½s± c±ti eva½ v±dapamokkh±nisa½s±, parehi sakav±de dose ±ropite ta½ dosa½ eva½ mocess±m±ti imin±va k±raŗena pariy±puŗant²ti attho. Tańcassa attha½ n±nubhont²ti yassa ca maggassa v± phalassa v± atth±ya kulaputt± dhamma½ pariy±puŗanti, tańcassa dhammassa attha½ ete duggahitagg±hino n±nubhonti. Apica parassa v±de up±rambha½ ±ropetu½ attano v±da½ mocetu½ asakkont±pi tańca attha½ n±nubhontiyeva.
239. Alagaddatthikoti ±sivisa-atthiko. Gadoti hi visassa n±ma½, ta½ tassa ala½ paripuŗŗa½ atth²ti alagaddo. Bhogeti sar²re. Idha pana, bhikkhave, ekacce kulaputt± dhamma½ pariy±puŗant²ti nittharaŗapariyattivasena uggaŗhanti. Tisso hi pariyattiyo alagaddapariyatti nittharaŗapariyatti bhaŗ¹±g±rikapariyatt²ti.
Tattha yo buddhavacana½ uggahetv± eva½ c²var±d²ni v± labhiss±mi, catuparisamajjhe v± ma½ j±nissant²ti l±bhasakk±rahetu pariy±puŗ±ti, tassa s± pariyatti alagaddapariyatti n±ma. Eva½ pariy±puŗato hi buddhavacana½ apariy±puŗitv± niddokkamana½ varatara½.
Yo pana buddhavacana½ uggaŗhitv± s²lassa ±gataµµh±ne s²la½ p³retv± sam±dhissa ±gataµµh±ne sam±dhigabbha½ gaŗh±petv± vipassan±ya ±gataµµh±ne vipassana½ paµµhapetv± maggaphal±na½ ±gataµµh±ne magga½ bh±vess±mi phala½ sacchikariss±m²ti uggaŗh±ti, tassa s± pariyatti nittharaŗapariyatti n±ma hoti.
Kh²ŗ±savassa pana pariyatti bhaŗ¹±g±rikapariyatti n±ma. Tassa hi aparińń±ta½ appah²na½ abh±vita½ asacchikata½ v± natthi. So hi parińń±takkhandho pah²nakileso bh±vitamaggo sacchikataphalo, tasm± buddhavacana½ pariy±puŗanto tantidh±rako paveŗip±lako va½s±nurakkhakova hutv± uggaŗh±ti. Itissa s± pariyatti bhaŗ¹±g±rikapariyatti n±ma hoti.