8. Madhupiº¹ikasuttavaººan±

199. Eva½ me sutanti madhupiº¹ikasutta½. Tattha mah±vananti himavantena saddhi½ ek±baddha½ aropima½ j±tivana½, na yath± ves±liya½ ropit±ropitamissaka½. Div±vih±r±y±ti div± paµisall±natth±ya. Beluvalaµµhik±y±ti taruºabeluvarukkhassa. Daº¹ap±º²ti na jar±dubbalat±ya daº¹ahattho. Ayañhi taruºo paµhamavaye µhito, daº¹acittat±ya pana suvaººadaº¹a½ gahetv± vicarati, tasm± daº¹ap±º²ti vutto. Jaªgh±vih±ranti jaªgh±kilamathavinodanattha½ jaªgh±c±ra½. Anucaªkamam±no anuvicaram±noti ±r±madassana-vanadassana-pabbatadassan±d²na½ atth±ya ito cito ca vicaram±no. Adhiccanikkhamano kiresa kad±ci deva nikkhamitv± eva½ vicarati. Daº¹amolubbh±ti daº¹a½ olumbhitv± gop±lakad±rako viya daº¹a½ purato µhapetv± daº¹amatthake dve hatthe patiµµh±petv± piµµhip±ºi½ hanukena upp²¼etv± ekamanta½ aµµh±si.
200. Ki½v±d²ti ki½diµµhiko. Kimakkh±y²ti ki½ katheti. Aya½ r±j± bhagavanta½ avanditv± paµisanth±ramattakameva katv± pañha½ pucchati. Tampi na aññ±tuk±mat±ya, acitt²k±rena pucchati. Kasm±? Devadattassa pakkhiko kiresa. Devadatto attano santika½ ±gaccham±ne tath±gate bhindati. So kira eva½ vadeti “samaºo gotamo amh±ka½ kulena saddhi½ ver², na no kulassa vuddhi½ icchati. Bhagin²pi me cakkavattiparibhog±, ta½ pah±ya ‘nassates±’ti nikkhamitv± pabbaji. Bh±gineyyopi me cakkavattib²janti ñatv± amh±ka½ kulassa va¹¹hiy± atussanto ‘nassatetan’ti tampi daharak±leyeva pabb±jesi. Aha½ pana tena vin± vattitu½ asakkonto anupabbajito. Eva½ pabbajitampi ma½ pabbajitadivasato paµµh±ya na ujukehi akkh²hi oloketi. Parisamajjhe bh±santopi mah±pharasun± paharanto viya ±p±yiko devadattoti-±d²ni bh±sat²”ti. Eva½ ayampi r±j± devadattena bhinno, tasm± evamak±si.
Atha bhagav± yath± aya½ r±j± may± pañhe pucchite na kathet²ti vattu½ na labhati, yath± ca bh±sitassa attha½ na j±n±ti, evamassa kathess±m²ti tass±nucchavika½ kathento yath±v±d² khoti-±dim±ha.
Tattha na kenaci loke viggayha tiµµhat²ti loke kenaci saddhi½ vigg±hikakatha½ na karoti na vivadati. Tath±gato hi lokena saddhi½ na vivadati; loko pana tath±gatena saddhi½ aniccanti vutte niccanti vadam±no, dukkha½, anatt±, asubhanti vutte subhanti vadam±no vivadati. Tenev±ha “n±ha½, bhikkhave, lokena vivad±mi, lokova kho, bhikkhave, may± vivadati, tath± na, bhikkhave, dhammav±d² kenaci lokasmi½ vivadati, adhammav±d²va kho, bhikkhave, vivadat²”ti (sa½. ni. 3.94). Yath±ti yena k±raºena. K±meh²ti vatthuk±mehipi kilesak±mehipi. Ta½ br±hmaºanti ta½ kh²º±sava½ br±hmaºa½. Akatha½kathinti nibbicikiccha½. Chinnakukkuccanti vippaµis±rakukkuccassa ceva hatthap±dakukkuccassa ca chinnatt± chinnakukkucca½. Bhav±bhaveti punappunabbhave, h²napaº²te v± bhave, paº²to hi bhavo vuddhippatto abhavoti vuccati. Saññ±ti kilesasaññ±. Kiles±yeva v± idha saññ±n±mena vutt±, tasm± yena k±raºena k±mehi visa½yutta½ viharanta½ ta½ loke ninn±v±di½ kh²º±savabr±hmaºa½ kilesasaññ± n±nusenti, tañca k±raºa½ aha½ vad±m²ti ayamettha attho. Iti bhagav± attano kh²º±savabh±va½ d²peti. Nill±¼etv±ti n²haritv± k²¼±petv±. Tivis±khanti tis±kha½. Nal±µikanti valibhaªga½ nal±µe tisso r±jiyo dassento valibhaªga½ vuµµh±petv±ti attho. Daº¹amolubbh±ti daº¹a½ upp²¼etv±. “Daº¹am±lubbh±”tipi p±µho, gahetv± pakk±m²ti attho.
201. Aññataroti n±mena ap±kaµo eko bhikkhu. So kira anusandhikusalo, bhagavat± yath± daº¹ap±º² na j±n±ti, tath± may± kathitanti vutte kinti nu kho bhagavat± aviññeyya½ katv± pañho kathitoti anusandhi½ gahetv± dasabala½ y±citv± ima½ pañha½ bhikkhusaªghassa p±kaµa½ kariss±m²ti uµµh±y±san± eka½sa½ uttar±saªga½ karitv± dasanakhasamujjala½ añjali½ paggayha ki½v±d² pana, bhante bhagav±ti-±dim±ha.
Yatonid±nanti bh±vanapu½saka½ eta½, yena k±raºena yasmi½ k±raºe sat²ti attho. Papañcasaññ±saªkh±ti ettha saªkh±ti koµµh±so. Papañcasaññ±ti taºh±m±nadiµµhipapañcasampayutt± saññ± saññ±n±mena v± papañc±yeva vutt±. Tasm± papañcakoµµh±s±ti ayamettha attho. Samud±carant²ti pavattanti. Ettha ce natthi abhinanditabbanti yasmi½ dv±das±yatanasaªkh±te k±raºe sati papañcasaññ±saªkh± samud±caranti, ettha ek±yatanampi ce abhinanditabba½ abhivaditabba½ ajjhositabba½ natth²ti attho. Tattha abhininditabbanti aha½ mamanti abhinanditabba½. Abhivaditabbanti aha½ mam±ti vattabba½. Ajjhositabbanti ajjhositv± gilitv± pariniµµhapetv± gahetabbayutta½. Etenettha taºh±d²na½yeva appavatti½ katheti. Esevantoti aya½ abhinandan±d²na½ natthibh±vova r±g±nusay±d²na½ anto. Eseva nayo sabbattha.
Daº¹±d±n±d²su pana y±ya cetan±ya daº¹a½ ±diyati, s± daº¹±d±na½. Y±ya sattha½ ±diyati par±masati, s± satth±d±na½. Matthakappatta½ kalaha½. N±n±g±hamatta½ viggaha½. N±n±v±damatta½ viv±da½. Tuva½ tuvanti eva½ pavatta½ tuva½ tuva½. Piyasuññakaraºa½ pesuñña½. Ayath±sabh±va½ mus±v±da½ karoti, s± mus±v±doti veditabb±. Ettheteti ettha dv±dasasu ±yatanesu ete kiles±. Kiles± hi uppajjam±n±pi dv±das±yatan±ni niss±ya uppajjanti, nirujjham±n±pi dv±dasasu ±yatanesuyeva nirujjhanti. Eva½ yatthuppann±, tattheva niruddh± honti. Sv±yamattho samudayasaccapañhena d²petabbo–
“S± kho panes± taºh± kattha uppajjam±n± uppajjati, kattha nivisam±n± nivisat²”ti vatv±– “ya½ loke piyar³pa½ s±tar³pa½, etthes± taºh± uppajjam±n± uppajjati, ettha nivisam±n± nivisati. Kiñca loke piyar³pa½ s±tar³pa½? Cakkhu loke piyar³pa½ s±tar³pan”ti-±din± (vibha. 203) nayena dv±dasasuyeva ±yatanesu tass± uppatti ca nirodho ca vutto. Yatheva ca taºh± dv±dasasu ±yatanesu uppajjitv± nibb±na½ ±gamma niruddh±pi ±yatanesu puna samud±c±rassa abh±vato ±yatanesuyeva niruddh±ti vutt±, evamimepi p±pak± akusal± dhamm± ±yatanesu nirujjhant²ti veditabb±. Atha v± yv±ya½ abhinandan±d²na½ abh±vova r±g±nusay±d²na½ antoti vutto. Etthete r±g±nusay±d²na½ antoti laddhavoh±re nibb±ne p±pak± akusal± dhamm± aparises± nirujjhanti. Yañhi yattha natthi, ta½ tattha niruddha½ n±ma hoti, sv±yamattho nirodhapañhena d²petabbo. Vuttañheta½ “dutiya½ jh±na½ sam±pannassa vitakkavic±r± vac²saªkh±r± paµippassaddh± hont²”ti-±di (paµi. ma. 1.83).
202. Satthu ceva sa½vaººitoti satth±r± ca pasa½sito. Viññ³nanti idampi karaºatthe s±mivacana½, paº¹itehi sabrahmac±r²hi ca sambh±vitoti attho. Pahot²ti sakkoti.
203. Atikkammeva m³la½ atikkamma khandhanti s±ro n±ma m³le v± khandhe v± bhaveyya, tampi atikkamitv±ti attho. Eva½sampadanti eva½sampattika½, ²disanti attho. Atisitv±ti atikkamitv±. J±na½ j±n±t²ti j±nitabbameva j±n±ti. Passa½ passat²ti passitabbameva passati. Yath± v± ekacco vipar²ta½ gaºhanto j±nantopi na j±n±ti, passantopi na passati, na eva½ bhagav±. Bhagav± pana j±nanto j±n±tiyeva, passanto passatiyeva. Sv±ya½ dassanapariº±yakaµµhena cakkhubh³to. Viditakaraºaµµhena ñ±ºabh³to. Avipar²tasabh±vaµµhena pariyattidhammappavattanato v± hadayena cintetv± v±c±ya nicch±ritadhammamayoti dhammabh³to. Seµµhaµµhena brahmabh³to. Atha v± cakkhu viya bh³toti cakkhubh³toti evametesu padesu attho veditabbo. Sv±ya½ dhammassa vattanato vatt±. Pavatt±panato pavatt±. Attha½ n²haritv± dassanasamatthat±ya atthassa ninnet±. Amat±dhigam±ya paµipatti½ dad±t²ti amatassa d±t±. Agaru½ katv±ti punappuna½ ±y±c±pentopi hi garu½ karoti n±ma, attano s±vakap±ram²ñ±ºe µhatv± siner³p±dato v±luka½ uddharam±no viya dubbiññeyya½ katv± kathentopi garu½ karotiyeva n±ma. Eva½ akatv± amhe punappuna½ ay±c±petv± suviññeyyampi no katv± katheh²ti vutta½ hoti.
204. Ya½ kho no ±vusoti ettha kiñc±pi “ya½ kho vo”ti vattabba½ siy±, te pana bhikkh³ attan± saddhi½ saªgaºhanto “ya½ kho no”ti ±ha. Yasm± v± uddesova tesa½ uddiµµhova. Bhagav± pana therass±pi tesampi bhagav±va. Tasm± bhagav±ti pada½ sandh±yapi evam±ha, ya½ kho amh±ka½ bhagav± tumh±ka½ sa½khittena uddesa½ uddisitv±ti attho.
Cakkhuñc±vusoti-±d²su ayamattho, ±vuso, nissayabh±vena cakkhupas±dañca ±rammaºabh±vena catusamuµµh±nikar³pe ca paµicca cakkhuviññ±ºa½ n±ma uppajjati. Tiººa½ saªgati phassoti tesa½ tiººa½ saªgatiy± phasso n±ma uppajjati. Ta½ phassa½ paµicca sahaj±t±divasena phassapaccay± vedan± uppajjati. T±ya vedan±ya ya½ ±rammaºa½ vedeti, tadeva saññ± sañj±n±ti, ya½ saññ± sañj±n±ti, tadeva ±rammaºa½ vitakko vitakketi. Ya½ vitakko vitakketi, tadev±rammaºa½ papañco papañceti. Tatonid±nanti etehi cakkhur³p±d²hi k±raºehi. Purisa½ papañcasaññ±saªkh± samud±carant²ti ta½ apariññ±tak±raºa½ purisa½ papañcakoµµh±s± abhibhavanti, tassa pavattant²ti attho. Tattha phassavedan±saññ± cakkhuviññ±ºena sahaj±t± honti. Vitakko cakkhuviññ±º±nantar±d²su savitakkacittesu daµµhabbo. Papañcasaªkh± javanena sahaj±t± honti. Yadi eva½ kasm± at²t±n±gataggahaºa½ katanti? Tath± uppajjanato. Yatheva hi etarahi cakkhudv±riko papañco cakkhuñca r³pe ca phassavedan±saññ±vitakke ca paµicca uppanno, evameva½ at²t±n±gatesupi cakkhuviññeyyesu r³pesu tassuppatti½ dassento evam±ha.
Sotañc±vusoti-±d²supi eseva nayo. Chaµµhadv±re pana mananti bhavaªgacitta½. Dhammeti tebh³makadhamm±rammaºa½. Manoviññ±ºanti ±vajjana½ v± javana½ v±. ¾vajjane gahite phassavedan±saññ±vitakk± ±vajjanasahaj±t± honti. Papañco javanasahaj±to. Javane gahite sah±vajjanaka½ bhavaªga mano n±ma hoti, tato phass±dayo sabbepi javanena sahaj±t±va. Manodv±re pana yasm± at²t±dibheda½ sabbampi ±rammaºa½ hoti, tasm± at²t±n±gatapaccuppannes³ti ida½ yuttameva.
Id±ni vaµµa½ dassento so vat±vusoti desana½ ±rabhi. Phassapaññatti½ paññapessat²ti phasso n±ma eko dhammo uppajjat²ti eva½ phassapaññatti½ paññapessati, dassessat²ti attho. Esa nayo sabbattha. Eva½ imasmi½ sati ida½ hot²ti dv±das±yatanavasena sakala½ vaµµa½ dassetv± id±ni dv±das±yatanapaµikkhepavasena vivaµµa½ dassento so vat±vuso cakkhusmi½ asat²ti desana½ ±rabhi. Tattha vuttanayeneva attho veditabbo.
Eva½ pañha½ vissajjetv± id±ni s±vakena pañho kathitoti m± nikkaªkh± ahuvattha, aya½ bhagav± sabbaññutañ±ºatula½ gahetv± nisinno, iccham±n± tameva upasaªkamitv± nikkaªkh± hoth±ti uyyojento ±kaªkham±n± ca pan±ti-±dim±ha.
205. Imehi ±k±reh²ti imehi k±raºehi papañcuppattiy± p±µiyekkak±raºehi ceva vaµµavivaµµak±raºehi ca. Imehi padeh²ti imehi akkharasampiº¹anehi. Byañjaneh²ti p±µiyekka-akkharehi. Paº¹itoti paº¹iccena samann±gato. Cat³hi v± k±raºehi paº¹ito dh±tukusalo ±yatanakusalo paccay±k±rakusalo k±raº±k±raºakusaloti. Mah±paññoti mahante atthe mahante dhamme mahant± niruttiyo mahant±ni paµibh±n±ni pariggahaºasamatth±ya mah±paññ±ya samann±gato. Yath± ta½ mah±kacc±nen±ti yath± mah±kacc±nena by±kata½, ta½ sandh±ya tanti vutta½. Yath± mah±kacc±nena by±kata½, ahampi ta½ evameva½ by±kareyyenti attho.
Madhupiº¹ikanti mahanta½ gu¼ap³va½ baddhasattugu¼aka½ v±. Asecanakanti asecitabbaka½. Sappiph±ºitamadhusakkar±d²su ida½ n±mettha manda½ ida½ bahukanti na vattabba½ samayojitarasa½. Cetasoti cintakaj±tiko. Dabbaj±tikoti paº¹itasabh±vo. Ko n±mo ayanti ida½ thero atibhaddako aya½ dhammapariy±yo, dasabalassa sabbaññutaññ±ºenevassa n±ma½ gaºh±pess±m²ti cintetv± ±ha. Tasm±ti yasm± madhupiº¹iko viya madhuro, tasm± madhupiº¹ikapariy±yotveva na½ dh±reh²ti vadati. Sesa½ sabbattha utt±natthamev±ti.

Papañcas³daniy± majjhimanik±yaµµhakath±ya

Madhupiº¹ikasuttavaººan± niµµhit±.