3. Mah±dukkhakkhandhasuttavaŗŗan±

163. Eva½ me sutanti mah±dukkhakkhandhasutta½. Tattha vinayapariy±yena tayo jan± sambahul±ti vuccanti, tato para½ saŖgho. Suttantapariy±yena tayo tayo eva, tato uddha½ sambahul±ti vuccanti. Idha suttantapariy±yena sambahul±ti veditabb±. Piŗ¹±ya p±visi½s³ti paviµµh±, te pana na t±va paviµµh±, pavisiss±m±ti nikkhantatt± pana pavisi½s³ti vutt±. Yath± g±ma½ gamiss±m²ti nikkhantapuriso ta½ g±ma½ appattopi “kuhi½ itthann±mo”ti vutte “g±ma½ gato”ti vuccati, eva½. Paribb±jak±na½ ±r±moti jetavanato avid³re ańńatitthiy±na½ paribb±jak±na½ ±r±mo atthi, ta½ sandh±ya evam±ha½su. Samaŗo, ±vusoti, ±vuso, tumh±ka½ satth± samaŗo gotamo. K±m±na½ parińńanti k±m±na½ pah±na½ samatikkama½ pańńapeti. R³pavedan±supi eseva nayo.
Tattha titthiy± sakasamaya½ j±nant± k±m±na½ parińńa½ pańńapeyyu½ paµhamajjh±na½ vadam±n±, r³p±na½ parińńa½ pańńapeyyu½ ar³pabhava½ vadam±n±, vedan±na½ parińńa½ pańńapeyyu½ asańńabhava½ vadam±n±. Te pana “ida½ n±ma paµhamajjh±na½ aya½ r³pabhavo aya½ ar³pabhavo”tipi na j±nanti. Te pańńapetu½ asakkont±pi kevala½ “pańńapema pańńapem±”ti vadanti. Tath±gato k±m±na½ parińńa½ an±g±mimaggena pańńapeti, r³pavedan±na½ arahattamaggena Te eva½ mahante visese vijjam±nepi idha no, ±vuso, ko vivesoti-±dim±ha½su.
Tattha idh±ti imasmi½ pańń±pane. Dhammadesan±ya v± dhammadesananti yadida½ samaŗassa v± gotamassa dhammadesan±ya saddhi½ amh±ka½ dhammadesana½, amh±ka½ v± dhammadesan±ya saddhi½ samaŗassa gotamassa dhammadesana½ ±rabbha n±n±karaŗa½ vuccetha, ta½ kinn±m±ti vadanti. Dutiyapadepi eseva nayo Iti vemajjhe bhinnasuvaŗŗa½ viya s±sanena saddhi½ attano laddhivacanamattena samadhura½ µhapayi½su. Neva abhinandi½s³ti evametanti na sampaµicchi½su. Nappaµikkosi½s³ti nayida½ evanti nappaµisedhesu½. Kasm±? Te kira titthiy± n±ma andhasadis±, j±nitv± v± aj±nitv± v± katheyyunti n±bhinandi½su, parińńanti vacanena ²saka½ s±sanagandho atth²ti nappaµikkosi½su. Janapadav±sino v± te sakasamayaparasamayesu na suµµhu kusal±tipi ubhaya½ n±ka½su.
165. Na ceva samp±yissant²ti samp±detv± kathetu½ na sakkhissanti. Uttarińca vigh±tanti asamp±yanato uttarimpi dukkha½ ±pajjissanti. Samp±detv± kathetu½ asakkont±na½ n±ma hi dukkha½ uppajjati. Yath± ta½, bhikkhave, avisayasminti ettha yath±ti k±raŗavacana½, tanti nip±tamatta½. Yasm± avisaye pańho pucchito hot²ti attho. Sadevaketi saha devehi sadevake. Sam±rak±d²supi eseva nayo. Eva½ t²ŗi µh±n±ni loke pakkhipitv± dve paj±y±ti pańcahipi sattalokameva pariy±diyitv± etasmi½ sadevak±dibhede loke ta½ deva½ v± manussa½ v± na pass±m²ti d²peti. Ito v± pana sutv±ti ito v± pana mama s±sanato sutv± atath±gatopi atath±gatas±vakopi ±r±dheyya paritoseyya. Ańńath± ±r±dhana½ n±ma natth²ti dasseti.
166. Id±ni attano tesa½ pańh±na½ veyy±karaŗena citt±r±dhana½ dassento ko ca, bhikkhaveti-±dim±ha. K±maguŗ±ti k±mayitabbaµµhena k±m±. Bandhanaµµhena guŗ±. “Anuj±n±mi, bhikkhave, ahat±na½ vatth±na½ dviguŗa½ saŖgh±µin”ti (mah±va. 348) ettha hi paµalaµµho guŗaµµho. “Accenti k±l± tarayanti rattiyo, vayoguŗ± anupubba½ jahant²”ti (sa½. ni. 1.4) ettha r±saµµho guŗaµµho. “Sataguŗ± dakkhiŗ± p±µikaŖkhitabb±”ti (ma. ni. 3.379) ettha ±nisa½saµµho guŗaµµho. “Anta½ antaguŗa½ (khu. p±. 3 dvatti½s±k±re; d². ni. 2.377) kayir± m±l±guŗe bah³”ti (dha. pa. 53) ettha bandhanaµµho guŗaµµho. Idh±pi eseva adhippeto, tena vutta½ “bandhanaµµhena guŗ±”ti. Cakkhuvińńeyy±ti cakkhuvińń±ŗena passitabb±. Etenup±yena sotavińńeyy±d²supi attho veditabbo. Iµµh±ti pariyiµµh± v± hontu m± v±, iµµh±rammaŗabh³t±ti attho. Kant±ti kaman²y±. Man±p±ti manava¹¹hanak±. Piyar³p±ti piyaj±tik±. K±m³pasa½hit±ti ±rammaŗa½ katv± uppajjam±nena k±mena upasa½hit±. Rajan²y±ti rajjaniy±, r±guppattik±raŗabh³t±ti attho.
167. Yadi mudd±y±ti-±d²su mudd±ti aŖgulipabbesu sańńa½ µhapetv± hatthamudd±. Gaŗan±ti acchiddagaŗan±. SaŖkh±nanti piŗ¹agaŗan±. Y±ya khetta½ oloketv± idha ettak± v²h² bhavissanti rukkha½ oloketv± idha ettak±ni phal±ni bhavissanti, ±k±sa½ oloketv± ime ±k±se sakuŗ± ettak± n±ma bhavissant²ti j±nanti.
Kas²ti kasikamma½. Vaŗijj±ti jaŖghavaŗijjathalavaŗijj±divaŗippatho. Gorakkhanti attano v± paresa½ v± g±vo rakkhitv± pańcagorasavikkayena j²vanakamma½. Issattho vuccati ±vudha½ gahetv± upaµµh±nakamma½. R±japorisanti ±vudhena r±jakamma½ katv± upaµµh±na½. Sippańńataranti gahit±vasesa½ hatthi-assasipp±di. S²tassa purakkhatoti lakkha½ viya sarassa s²tassa purato, s²tena b±dh²yam±noti attho. Uŗhepi eseva nayo. Ža½s±d²su ¹a½s±ti piŖgalamakkhik±. Makas±ti sabbamakkhik±, sar²sap±ti ye keci saritv± gacchanti. Rissam±noti ruppam±no, ghaµµiyam±no. M²yam±noti maram±no. Aya½, bhikkhaveti, bhikkhave, aya½ mudd±d²hi j²vikakappana½ ±gamma s²t±dipaccayo ±b±dho. K±m±na½ ±d²navoti k±mesu upaddavo, upassaggoti attho. Sandiµµhikoti paccakkho s±ma½ passitabbo. Dukkhakkhandhoti dukkhar±si. K±mahet³ti-±d²su paccayaµµhena k±m± assa het³ti k±mahetu. M³laµµhena k±m± nid±namass±ti k±manid±no. LiŖgavipall±sena pana k±manid±nanti vutto. K±raŗaµµhena k±m± adhikaraŗa½ ass±ti k±m±dhikaraŗo. LiŖgavipall±seneva pana k±m±dhikaraŗanti vutto. K±m±nameva het³ti ida½ niyamavacana½, k±mapaccay± uppajjatiyev±ti attho.
Uµµhahatoti ±j²vasamuµµh±pakav²riyena uµµhahantassa. Ghaµatoti ta½ v²riya½ pubben±para½ ghaµentassa. V±yamatoti v±y±ma½ parakkama½ payoga½ karontassa. N±bhinipphajjant²ti na nipphajjanti, hattha½ n±bhiruhanti. Socat²ti citte uppannabalavasokena socati. Kilamat²ti k±ye uppannadukkhena kilamati. Paridevat²ti v±c±ya paridevati. Uratt±¼inti ura½ t±¼etv±. Kandat²ti rodati. Sammoha½ ±pajjat²ti visańń² viya samm³¼ho hoti. Moghanti tuccha½. Aphaloti nipphalo. ¾rakkh±dhikaraŗanti ±rakkhak±raŗ±. Kint²ti kena nu kho up±yena. Yampi meti yampi mayha½ kasikamm±d²ni katv± upp±dita½ dhana½ ahosi. Tampi no natth²ti tampi amh±ka½ id±ni natthi.
168. Puna capara½, bhikkhave, k±mahet³ti-±din±pi k±raŗa½ dassetv±va ±d²nava½ d²peti. Tattha k±mahet³ti k±mapaccay± r±j±nopi r±j³hi vivadanti. K±manid±nanti bh±vanapu½saka½, k±me nid±na½ katv± vivadant²ti attho. K±m±dhikaraŗantipi bh±vanapu½sakameva, k±me adhikaraŗa½ katv± vivadant²ti attho. K±m±nameva het³ti g±manigamanagarasen±patipurohitaµµh±nantar±d²na½ k±m±nameva hetu vivadant²ti attho. Upakkamant²ti paharanti. Asicammanti asińceva kheµakaphalak±d²ni ca. Dhanukal±pa½ sannayhitv±ti dhanu½ gahetv± sarakal±pa½ sannayhitv±. Ubhatoby³¼anti ubhato r±sibh³ta½. Pakkhandant²ti pavisanti. Us³s³ti kaŗ¹esu. Vijjotalantes³ti viparivattantesu. Te tatth±ti te tasmi½ saŖg±me.
Add±valepan± upak±riyoti cettha manuss± p±k±rap±da½ assakhurasaŗµh±nena iµµhak±hi cinitv± upari sudh±ya limpanti. Eva½ kat± p±k±rap±d± upak±riyoti vuccanti. T± tintena kalalena sitt± add±valepan± n±ma honti. Pakkhandant²ti t±sa½ heµµh± tikhiŗa-ayas³l±d²hi vijjh²yam±n±pi p±k±rassa picchilabh±vena ±rohitu½ asakkont±pi upadh±vantiyeva. Chakaŗak±y±ti kuthitagomayena. Abhivaggen±ti satadantena. Ta½ aµµhadant±k±rena katv± “nagaradv±ra½ bhinditv± pavisiss±m±”ti ±gate uparidv±re µhit± tassa bandhanayott±ni chinditv± tena abhivaggena omaddanti.
169. Sandhimpi chindant²ti gharasandhimpi chindanti. Nillopanti g±me paharitv± mah±vilopa½ karonti. Ek±g±rikanti paŗŗ±samatt±pi saµµhimatt±pi pariv±retv± j²vagg±ha½ gahetv± ±har±penti. Paripanthepi tiµµhant²ti panthad³hanakamma½ karonti. A¹¹hadaŗ¹akeh²ti muggarehi pah±ras±dhanattha½ v± catuhatthadaŗ¹a½ dvedh± chetv± gahitadaŗ¹akehi. BilaŖgath±likanti kańjiya-ukkhalikammak±raŗa½, ta½ karont± s²sakap±la½ upp±µetv± tatta½ ayogu¼a½ saŗ¹±sena gahetv± tattha pakkhipanti, tena matthaluŖga½ pakkuthitv± upari uttarati. SaŖkhamuŗ¹ikanti saŖkhamuŗ¹akammak±raŗa½, ta½ karont± uttaroµµha-ubhatokaŗŗac³¼ikaga¼av±µaparicchedena camma½ chinditv± sabbakese ekato gaŗµhi½ katv± daŗ¹akena vallitv± upp±µenti, saha kesehi camma½ uµµhahati. Tato s²sakaµ±ha½ th³lasakkhar±hi gha½sitv± dhovant± saŖkhavaŗŗa½ karonti.
R±humukhanti r±humukhakammak±raŗa½, ta½ karont± saŖkun± mukha½ vivaritv± antomukhe d²pa½ j±lenti Kaŗŗac³¼ik±hi v± paµµh±ya mukha½ nikh±danena khaŗanti. Lohita½ paggharitv± mukha½ p³reti. Jotim±likanti sakalasar²ra½ telapilotik±ya veµhetv± ±limpanti. Hatthapajjotikanti hatthe telapilotik±ya veµhetv± d²pa½ viya j±lenti. Erakavattikanti erakavattakammak±raŗa½, ta½ karont± g²vato paµµh±ya cammabaddhe kantitv± gopphake µhapenti. Atha na½ yottehi bandhitv± ka¹¹hanti. So attano cammabaddhe akkamitv± akkamitv± patati. C²rakav±sikanti c²rakav±sikakammak±raŗa½, ta½ karont± tatheva cammabaddhe kantitv± kaµiya½ µhapenti. Kaµito paµµh±ya kantitv± gopphakesu µhapenti. Uparimehi heµµhimasar²ra½ c²rakaniv±sananivattha½ viya hoti. Eŗeyyakanti eŗeyyakakammak±raŗa½. Ta½ karont± ubhosu kapparesu ca j±ŗ³su ca ayavalay±ni datv± ayas³l±ni koµµenti. So cat³hi ayas³lehi bh³miya½ patiµµhahati. Atha na½ pariv±retv± aggi½ karonti. “Eŗeyyako jotipariggaho yath±”ti ±gataµµh±nepi idameva vutta½. Ta½ k±lena k±la½ s³l±ni apanetv± cat³hi aµµhikoµ²hiyeva µhapenti. Evar³p± k±raŗ± n±ma natthi.
Ba¼isama½sikanti ubhatomukhehi ba¼isehi paharitv± cammama½sanh±r³ni upp±µenti. Kah±paŗikanti sakalasar²ra½ tiŗh±hi v±s²hi koµito paµµh±ya kah±paŗamatta½ kah±paŗamatta½ p±tent± koµµenti. Kh±r±patacchikanti sar²ra½ tattha tattha ±vudhehi paharitv± kocchehi kh±ra½ gha½santi. Cammasa½sanh±r³ni paggharitv± savanti. AµµhikasaŖkhalik±va tiµµhati. Palighaparivattikanti ekena passena nipajj±petv± kaŗŗacchidde ayas³la½ koµµetv± pathaviy± ek±baddha½ karonti. Atha na½ p±de gahetv± ±vijjhanti. Pal±lap²µhakanti cheko k±raŗiko chavicamma½ acchinditv± nisadapotehi aµµh²ni bhinditv± kesesu gahetv± ukkhipanti. Ma½sar±siyeva hoti, atha na½ keseheva pariyonandhitv± gaŗhanti. Pal±lavaµµi½ viya katv± pana veµhenti. Sunakhehip²ti katipay±ni divas±ni ±h±ra½ adatv± ch±takehi sunakhehi kh±d±penti. Te muhuttena aµµhisaŖkhalikameva karonti. Sampar±yikoti sampar±ye dutiyattabh±ve vip±koti attho.
170. Chandar±gavinayo chandar±gappah±nanti nibb±na½. Nibb±nańhi ±gamma k±mesu chandar±go vin²yati ceva pah²yati ca, tasm± nibb±na½ chandar±gavinayo chandar±gappah±nanti ca vutta½. S±ma½ v± k±me parij±nissant²ti saya½ v± te k±me t²hi parińń±hi parij±nissanti. Tathatt±y±ti tathabh±v±ya. Yath±paµipannoti y±ya paµipad±ya paµipanno.
171. Khattiyakańń± ti-±di aparittena vipulena kusalena gahitapaµisandhika½ vatth±laŖk±r±d²ni labhanaµµh±ne nibbatta½ dassetu½ vutta½. Pannarasavassuddesik±ti pannarasavassavay±. Dutiyapadepi eseva nayo. Vayapadesa½ kasm± gaŗh±ti? Vaŗŗasampattidassanattha½. M±tug±massa hi duggatakule nibbattass±pi etasmi½ k±le thoka½ thoka½ vaŗŗ±yatana½ pas²dati. Puris±na½ pana v²sativassak±le pańcav²sativassak±le pasanna½ hoti. N±tid²gh±ti-±d²hi chadosavirahita½ sar²rasampatti½ d²peti. Vaŗŗanibh±ti vaŗŗoyeva.
Jiŗŗanti jar±jiŗŗa½. Gop±nasivaŖkanti gop±nas² viya vaŖka½. Bhogganti bhagga½, imin±pissa vaŖkabh±vameva d²peti. Daŗ¹apar±yaŗanti daŗ¹apaµisaraŗa½ daŗ¹adutiya½. Pavedham±nanti kampam±na½. ¾turanti jar±tura½. Khaŗ¹adantanti jiŗŗabh±vena khaŗ¹itadanta½. Palitakesanti paŗ¹arakesa½. Vil³nanti luńcitv± gahitakesa½ viya khall±µa½. Khalitasiranti mah±khall±µas²sa½. Valinanti sańj±tavali½. Tilak±hatagattanti setak±¼atilakehi vikiŗŗasar²ra½. ¾b±dhikanti by±dhika½. Dukkhitanti dukkhapatta½.
B±¼hagil±nanti adhimattagil±na½. Sivathik±ya cha¹¹itanti ±makasus±ne p±tita½. Sesamettha satipaµµh±ne vuttameva. Idh±pi nibb±na½yeva chandar±gavinayo.
173. Neva tasmi½ samaye attaby±b±dh±y±ti tasmi½ samaye attanopi dukkhatth±ya na ceteti. Aby±bajjha½yev±ti niddukkhameva
174. Ya½, bhikkhave, vedan± anicc±ti, bhikkhave, yasm± vedan± anicc±, tasm± aya½ anicc±di-±k±rova vedan±ya ±d²navoti attho, nissaraŗa½ vuttappak±ramev±ti.

Papańcas³daniy± majjhimanik±yaµµhakath±ya

Mah±dukkhakkhandhasuttavaŗŗan± niµµhit±.