Saññ±-attakath±vaººan±

417. “G±mas³karo”ti imin± vanas³karamapaneti. Evañhi upam±vacana½ s³papanna½ hot²ti. Desan±ya saºhabh±vena s±rambhamakkha-iss±dimalavisodhanato sutamayañ±ºa½ nh±pita½ viya, sukhumabh±vena anuvilitta½ viya, tilakkhaºabbh±hatat±ya kuº¹al±dy±laªk±ravibh³sita½ viya ca hoti. Tadanupavisato ñ±ºassa, tath±bh±v± ta½samaªgino ca puggalassa tath±bh±v±patti, nirodhakath±ya nivedanañcassa sirisayane pavesanasadisanti ±ha “saºhasukhuma…pe… ±r±pitop²”ti. Tatth±ti tissa½ nirodhakath±ya½. Mandabuddhit±ya sukha½ na vindanto alabhanto, aj±nanto v±. Malavid³sitat±ya g³thaµµh±nasadisa½. Attano laddhinti attadiµµhi½. Anumati½ gahetv±ti anuñña½ gahetv± “ediso me att±”ti anuj±n±petv±, attano laddhiya½ patiµµh±petv±ti vutta½ hoti.
P±¼iya½ ka½ pan±ti o¼±riko, manomayo, ar³p²ti tiººa½ attav±d±na½ vasena tividhesu att±nesu katara½ att±na½ pacces²ti attho. “Desan±ya sukusalo”ti imin± “avassa½ me bhagav± laddhi½ viddha½sessat²”ti tassa manasik±ra½ dasseti. Pariharantoti viddha½sanato apanento, ar³p² att±ti attano laddhi½ nig³hantoti adhipp±yo. P±¼iya½ “o¼±rika½ kho”ti-±dimhi paribb±jakavacane ayamadhipp±yo– yasm± catusantatir³pappabandha½ ekattavasena gahetv± r³p²bh±vato “o¼±riko att±”ti pacceti attav±d², annap±nopaµµh±natañcassa parikappetv± “sassato”ti maññati, r³p²bh±vato eva ca saññ±ya aññatta½ ñ±y±gatameva, ya½ vedav±dino “annamayo, p±namayo”ti ca dvidh± voharanti, tasm± paribb±jako ta½ attav±dimata½ att±na½ sandh±ya “o¼±rika½ kho”ti-±dim±h±ti.
“O¼±riko ca hi te poµµhap±da att± abhaviss±”ti-±dimhi bhagavato vacane c±yamadhipp±yo– yadi att± r³p² bhaveyya, eva½ sati r³pa½ att± siy±, na ca saññ² saññ±ya ar³pabh±vato, r³padhamm±nañca asañj±nanasabh±vatt±. R³p² ca sam±no yadi tava matena nicco, saññ± ca apar±para½ pavattanato tattha tattha bhijjat²ti bhedasabbh±vato anicc± evampi “aññ± saññ±, añño att±”ti saññ±ya abh±vato acetanova att± hoti, tasm± esa att± na kammassa k±rako, na ca phalassa upabhuñjanakoti ±pannamev±ti ima½ dosa½ dassento bhagav± “o¼±riko c±”ti-±dim±h±ti. Tatth±ti “r³p² att±”ti v±de. Pacc±gacchatoti sesakiriy±pekkh±ya kammattheyeva upayogavacana½, pacc±gacchatoti ca pacc±gacchantassa, j±nantassa, paµicca v±dena pavattass±ti v± attho. “Aññ± ca saññ± uppajjati, aññ± ca saññ± nirujjhant²”ti kasm± vutta½, nanu upp±dapubbako nirodho, na ca uppanna½ anirujjhanaka½ n±ma atth²ti codana½ sodhetu½ “catunna½ khandh±nan”ti-±di vutta½. Satipi nesa½ ek±lambaºavatthukabh±ve upp±danirodh±dhik±ratt± ekupp±danirodhabh±vova vutto. Apar±paranti poªkh±nupoªkha.
418-420. P±¼iya½ manomayanti jh±namanaso vasena manomaya½. Yo hi b±hirapaccayanirapekkho, so manas±va nibbattoti manomayo. R³paloke nibbattasar²ra½ sandh±ya vadati. Ya½ vedav±dino “±nandamayo viññ±ºamayo”ti ca dvidh± voharanti. Tatr±p²ti “manomayo att±”ti v±depi. Dose dinneti “aññ±va saññ± bhavissat²”ti-±din± dose dinne attano laddhi½yeva vadanto “ar³pi½ kho”ti-±dim±h±ti sambandho. Idh±pi purimav±de vuttanayena “yadi att± manomayo sabbaªgapaccaªg² ah²nindriyo bhaveyya, eva½ sati r³pa½ att± siy±, na ca saññ² saññ±ya ar³pabh±vato”ti-±di sabba½ dosadassana½ veditabba½. Tamatthañhi dassento bhagav± “manomayo ca hi te poµµhap±d±”ti-±dimavoca. Kasm± pan±ya½ paribb±jako paµhama½ o¼±rika½ att±na½ paµij±nitv± ta½ laddhi½ vissajjetv± puna manomaya½ att±na½ paµij±n±ti? Tampi vissajjitv± puna ar³pi½ att±na½ paµij±n±t²ti? K±mañcettha k±raºa½ “tato so ar³p² att±ti eva½laddhiko sam±nopi…pe… ±dim±h±”ti heµµh± vuttameva, tath±pi ime titthiy± n±ma anavaµµhitacitt± thusar±simhi nikh±takh±ºuko viya cañcal±ti k±raºantarampi dassetu½ “yath± n±m±”ti-±di vutta½. Saññ± nappatiµµh±t²ti ±rammaºe sañj±nanavasena saññ± na patiµµh±ti, ±rammaºe sañña½ na karot²ti vutta½ hoti. Saññ±patiµµh±nak±leti etth±pi aya½ nayo.
Tatr±p²ti “ar³p² att±”ti v±depi. Saññ±y±ti pakatisaññ±ya, eva½ bhadantadhammap±lattherena (d². ni. µ². 1.418-420) vutta½. Aññasmi½ titth±yatane upp±danirodhanti hi sambandho. Tena vedik±na½ matena n±nakkhaºe uppann±ya n±n±rammaº±ya saññ±ya upp±danirodhamicchat²ti dasseti. Keci pana “±cariyasaññ±y±”ti paµhanti, tadayutta½ atthassa viruddhatt±, therena ca anuddhaµatt±. Apar±para½ pavatt±ya saññ±ya upp±davayadassanato upp±danirodha½ icchati. Tath±pi “saññ± saññ±”ti pavattasamañña½ “att±”ti gahetv± tassa aviccheda½ parikappento sassata½ maññati. Ten±ha “att±na½ pana sassata½ maññat²”ti. Tasm±ti apar±para½ pavattasaññ±ya n±mamattena sassata½ maññanato. Saññ±ya upp±danirodhamatte aµµhatv± taduttari sassatagg±hassa gahaºato dosa½ dasset²ti adhipp±yo. Tathev±ti yath± “r³p² att±, manomayo att±”ti ca v±dadvaye attano asaññat±, evañcassa “acetanat±”ti-±didosappasaªgo dunniv±ro tatheva imasmi½ v±dep²ti attho. Micch±dassanen±ti attadiµµhisaªkh±tena micch±bhinivesena. Abhibh³tatt±ti an±dik±labh±vitabh±vena ajjhotthaµatt±, niv±ritañ±ºac±ratt±ti vutta½ hoti. Yena santatighanena, sam³haghanena ca vañcito b±lo pabandhavasena pavattam±na½ dhammasam³ha½ micch±g±havasena “att±”ti ca “nicco”ti ca abhinivissa voharati, ta½ ekattasaññita½ santatighana½, sam³haghanañca vinibhujja y±th±vato j±nana½ ghanavinibbhogo, so ca sabbena sabba½ titthiy±na½ natthi. Tasm± ayampi paribb±jako t±disassa ñ±ºaparip±kassa abh±vato vuccam±nampi n±natta½ n±ññ±s²ti ±ha “ta½ n±natta½ aj±nanto”ti. Saññ± n±m±ya½ n±n±rammaº± n±n±kkhaºe uppajjati, veti c±ti vedik±na½ mata½. Saññ±ya upp±danirodha½ passantopi saññ±maya½ saññ±bh³ta½ att±na½ parikappetv± yath±vuttaghanavinibbhog±bh±vato niccameva katv± diµµhimaññan±ya maññati. Tath±bh³tassa ca tassa saºhasukhumaparamagambh²radhammat± na ñ±yatev±ti ida½ k±raºa½ passantena bhagavat± “dujj±na½ kho”ti-±di vuttanti dassento “athassa bhagav±”ti-±dim±ha.
Diµµhi±d²su “evametan”ti dassana½ abhinivisana½ diµµhi. Tass± eva pubbabh±gabh³ta½ “evametan”ti nijjh±navasena khamana½ khanti. Tath± rocana½ ruci. “Aññath±yev±”ti-±di tesa½ diµµhi-±d²na½ vibhajja dassana½. Tattha aññath±yev±ti yath± ariyavinaye antadvaya½ anupagamma majjhimapaµipad±vasena dassana½ hoti, tato aññath±yeva. Aññadev±ti ya½ paramatthato vijjati khandh±yatan±di, tassa c±pi aniccat±di, tato aññadeva paramatthato avijjam±na½ attasassat±dika½ tay± khamate ceva ruccate c±ti attho. ¾bhuso yuñjana½ ±yogo. Tena vutta½ “yuttapayuttat±”ti. Paµipattiy±ti paramattacintan±diparibb±jakapaµipattiy±. ¾cariyassa bh±vo ±cariyaka½, yath± tath± ov±d±nus±sana½, tadassatth²ti ±cariyako yath± “saddho”ti ±ha “aññatth±”ti-±di. Aññasmi½ titth±yatane tava ±cariyabh±vo atth²ti yojan±. “Ten±”ti-±di saha yojan±ya yath±v±kya½ dassana½. “Aya½ paramattho, aya½ sammut²”ti imassa vibh±gassa dubbibh±gatt± dujj±na½ eta½ n±natta½. “Yajjeta½ dujj±na½ t±va tiµµhatu, añña½ panattha½ bhagavanta½ pucch±m²”ti cintetv± tath± paµipannata½ dassetu½ “atha paribb±jako”ti-±di vutta½. Añño v± saññ±toti saññ±sabh±vato aññasabh±vo v± att± hot³ti attho. Adhun± pana “aññ± v± saññ±”ti p±µho dissati. Ass±ti attano.
Lok²yati dissati, patiµµhahati v± ettha puññap±pa½, tabbip±ko c±ti loko, att±. So hissa k±rako, vedako c±ti icchito. Diµµhigatanti “sassato att± ca loko c±”ti-±di (d². ni. 1.31; ud±. 55) nayapavatta½ diµµhigata½. Na hesa diµµh±bhiniveso diµµhadhammik±di-atthanissito tadasa½vattanato. Yo hi ta½ sa½vattanako, so “ta½ nissito”ti vattabbata½ labheyya yath± ta½ puññañ±ºasambh±ro. Eteneva nayena na dhammanissitat±pi sa½vaººetabb±. Brahmacariyassa ±di ±dibrahmacariya½, tadeva ±dibrahmacariyaka½ yath± “vinayo eva venayiko”ti (p±r±. aµµha. 8). Ten±ha “sikkhattayasaªkh±tass±”ti-±di. Sabbampi v±kya½ antogadh±vadh±raºa½ tassa avadh±raºaphalatt±ti vutta½ “±dimattan”ti. Tadidha adhis²lasikkh±va. S± hi sikkhattayasaªgahite s±sanabrahmacariye ±dibh³t±, na aññattha viya ±j²vaµµhamak±di ±dibrahmacariyakanti dasseti “adhis²lasikkh±mattan”ti imin±. Nibbindanatth±y±ti ukkaºµhitabh±v±ya. “Abhij±nan±y±ti ñ±tapariññ±vasena abhij±nanatth±ya. Sambujjhanatth±y±ti t²raºapah±napariññ±vasena sambodhanatth±y±”ti vadanti. Apica abhij±nan±y±ti abhiññ±paññ±vasena j±nan±ya. Ta½ pana vaµµassa paccakkhakaraºameva hot²ti ±ha “paccakkhakiriy±y±”ti. Sambujjhanatth±y±ti pariññ±bhisamayavasena paµivedhatth±ya. Diµµh±bhinivesassa sa½s±ravaµµe nibbid±vir±ganirodhupasam±sa½vattana½ vaµµantogadhatt±, tassa vaµµasambandhanato ca. Tath± abhiññ±sambodhanibb±n±sa½vattanañca daµµhabba½.
K±ma½ taºh±pi dukkhasabh±v± eva, tass± pana samudayabh±vena visu½ gahitatt± “taºha½ µhapetv±”ti vutta½. Pabh±vanatoti upp±danato. Dukkha½ pabh±vent²pi taºh± avijj±dipaccayantarasahit± eva pabh±veti, na keval±ti ±ha “sappaccay±”ti. Appavatt²ti appavattinimitta½. Na pavattanti ettha dukkhasamuday±, etasmi½ v± adhigateti hi appavatti. Dukkhanirodha½ nibb±na½ gacchati, tadatthañca s± paµipajjitabb±ti dukkhanirodhag±minipaµipad±. Maggap±tubh±voti maggasamupp±do. Phalasacchikiriy±ti phalass±dhigamavasena paccakkhakaraºa½. Ta½ ±k±ranti ta½ tuºh²bh±vasaªkh±ta½ gamanaliªga ±rocento viya, na pana abhimukha½ ±roceti.
421. Samantato niggaºhanavasena todana½ vijjhana½ sannitodaka½. Manogaº±d²na½ visesanassa napu½sakaliªgena niddiµµhatt± “v±c±ya sannitodaken±”ti vutta½. Ten±ha “vacanapatodaken±”ti. Atha v± “v±c±y±”ti ida½ “sannitodaken±”ti ettha karaºavacana½ daµµhabba½. “Vacanapatodaken±”ti hi vacanena patodaken±ti attho, “v±c±y±”ti v± sambandhe s±mivacana½. V±c±ya sannitodanakiriy±ya sajjhabbharitamaka½s³ti yojetabba½. “Sajjhabbharitan”ti etassa “sa½ adhi abhi aribhan”ti padacchedo, samantato bhusa½ aritanti attho, satamattehi tuttakehi viya vividhehi paribb±jakav±c±todanehi tudi½ s³ti vutta½ hoti. Tath± hi vutta½ “upari vijjhi½s³”ti. Sabh±vato vijjam±nanti paramatthasabh±vato upalabbham±na½, na pakati-±di viya anupalabbham±na½. Tacchanti sacca½. Tathanti avipar²ta½. Atthato vevacanameva ta½ padattaya½. Navalokuttaradhammes³ti visaye bhumma½, te dhamme visaya½ katv±. Ýhitasabh±vanti avaµµhitasabh±va½, tadupp±dakanti attho. Lokuttaradhammaniy±maniyatanti lokuttaradhammasamp±pananiy±mena niyata½. Id±ni pana “lokuttaradhammaniy±matan”ti p±µho, so na por±ºo ±cariyena anuddhaµatt±. Kasm± panes± paµipad± dhammaµµhitat± dhammaniy±mat±ti ±ha “buddh±nañh²”ti-±di. ti paµipad±. Edis±ti “dhammaµµhitatan”ti-±din± vuttappak±r±.