9. Poµµhap±dasuttavaººan±

Poµµhap±daparibb±jakavatthuvaººan±

406. Eva½ mah±s²han±dasutta½ sa½vaººetv± id±ni poµµhap±dasutta½ sa½vaººento yath±nupubba½ sa½vaººanok±sassa pattabh±va½ vibh±vetu½, mah±s²han±dasuttass±nantara½ saªg²tassa suttassa poµµhap±dasuttabh±va½ v± pak±setu½ “eva½ me suta½…pe… s±vatthiyanti poµµhap±dasuttan”ti ±ha. “S±vatthiyan”ti ida½ sam²patthe bhummanti dassetu½ “s±vatthi½ upaniss±y±”ti vutta½, c²var±dipaccayapaµibaddhat±ya upanissaya½ katv±ti attho. Jeto n±ma r±jakum±ro, tena ropitatt± sa½va¹¹hitatt± parip±litatt± jetassa vana½ upavananti attham±ha “jetassa kum±rassa vane”ti. Sudatto n±ma gahapati an±th±na½ piº¹assa d±yakatt± an±thapiº¹iko. Tena jetassa hatthato aµµh±rasahiraññakoµisantharaºena ta½ kiºitv± aµµh±rasahiraññakoµ²heva sen±sana½ k±r±petv± aµµh±rasahiraññakoµ²heva vih±ramaha½ niµµh±petv± eva½ catupaññ±sahiraññakoµiparicc±gena so ±r±mo buddhappamukhassa bhikkhusaªghassa niyy±tito. Ten±ha “an±thapiº¹ikena gahapatin± ±r±mo k±rito”ti. Pupphaphalapallav±diguºasampattiy±, p±ºino niv±saph±sut±din± v± visesena pabbajit± tato tato ±gamma ramanti anukkaºµhit± hutv± nivasanti etth±ti ±r±mo. Atha v± yath±vuttaguºasampattiy± tattha tattha gatepi attano abbhantare ±netv± ramet²ti ±r±mo.
Phoµo yassa p±desu j±toti poµµhap±do. Phoµo poµµhoti hi pariy±yo. Paribb±jako duvidho channaparibb±jako, acchannaparibb±jako ca. Tattha acchannaparibb±jakopi acelako ±j²vakoti duvidho. Tesu acelako sabbena sabba½ naggo, ±j²vako pana upari ekameva vattha½ upakacchakantare pavesetv± pariharati, heµµh± naggo. Aya½ pana duvidhopesa na hot²ti vutta½ “channaparibb±jako”ti, vatthacch±y±ch±danapabbajj³pagatatt± channaparibb±jakasaªkhya½ gatoti attho Br±hmaºamah±s±loti mah±vibhavat±ya mah±s±rata½ patto br±hmaºo. Gaº±cariyoti s±pekkhat±ya sam±so. Samayanti s±maññaniddeso, ekasesaniddeso v±, ta½ ta½ samayanti attho. Pavadant²ti pak±rato vadanti, attan± attan± uggahitaniy±mena yath± tath± samaya½ vadant²ti attho. T±rukkhoti tassa n±ma½. Pabhuti saddena todeyyaj±ºusoº²soºadaº¹ak³µadant±dike saªgaºh±ti, ±disaddena pana channaparibb±jak±dike. Tinduko n±ma k±¼akkhandharukkho. C²ranti panti. Tinduk± c²ra½ ettha sant²ti tindukac²ro. Tath± ek± s±l± etth±ti ekas±lako. Bh³tapubbagatiy± tamattha½ vitth±rato dassento “yasm±”ti-±dim±ha. Iti katv±ti imin± k±raºena. “Tasmin”ti-±din± yath±p±µha½ vibhatyantadassana½.
Anek±k±r±navasesañeyyatthavibh±gato, apar±paruppattito ca bhagavato ñ±ºa½ loke patthaµamiva hot²ti vutta½ “sabbaññutaññ±ºa½ pattharitv±”ti, yato tassa ñ±ºaj±lat± vuccati. Veneyy±na½ tadantogadhabh±vo heµµh± vuttova. Veneyyasattapariggaºhanattha½ samann±h±re kate paµhama½ nesa½ veneyyabh±veneva upaµµh±na½ hoti, atha saraºagaman±divasena kiccanipphatti v²ma½s²yat²ti ±ha “kinnu kho bhavissat²ti upaparikkhanto”ti. Nirodhanti saññ±nirodha½. Nirodh± vuµµh±nanti tato nirodhato vuµµh±na½ saññuppatti½. Sabbabuddh±na½ ñ±ºena sa½sanditv±ti yath± te nirodha½, nirodhato vuµµh±nañca by±kari½su, by±karissanti ca, tath± by±karaºavasena sa½sanditv±. Katip±haccayen±ti dv²hat²haccayena. P±¼iyameva hi imamattha½ vakkhati. Saraºa½ gamissat²ti “saraºa”miti gamissati. “Hatthis±riputtoti hatthis±rino putto”ti (d². ni. µ². 1.406) ±cariyena vutta½. Adhun± pana “citto hatthis±riputto” tveva p±µho dissati, citto n±ma hatth±cariyassa puttoti attho.
Surattadupaµµanti rajanena samm± ratta½ diguºa½ antarav±saka½ parivattanavasena niv±setv±. “Yugandharapabbata½ parikkhipitv±”ti ida½ parikappavacana½ “t±diso atthi ce, ta½ viy±”ti. Meghavaººanti rattameghavaººa½, sañjh±pabh±nurañjitameghasaªk±santi attho. Paµhamena cettha saºµh±nasampatti½ dasseti, dutiyena vaººasampatti½. Eka½savaragatanti v±ma½savarappavatta½. Tath± hi suttanip±taµµhakath±ya½ vaªg²sasuttavaººan±ya½ vutta½ “eka½santi ca v±ma½sa½ p±rupitv± µhitasseta½ adhivacana½. Yato yath± v±ma½sa½ p±rupitv± µhita½ hoti, tath± c²vara½ katv±ti evamassattho veditabbo”ti [su. ni. aµµha. nigrodhakappasutta (vaªg²sasutta) vaººan±] tattha etanti “eka½sa½ c²vara½ katv±”ti vacana½. Yatoti yath±vuttavacanassa p±rupitv± µhitasseva adhivacanatt± evamassa attho veditabboti sambandho. Paccagghanti eka½ katv± anadhiµµhitak±le p±µekka½ mahaggha½, paccaggha½ v± abhinava½, abbhuºhe taªkhaºe nibbattanti attho. Purimañcettha atthavikappa½ keci na icchati. Tath± hi ±cariyeneva ud±naµµhakath±ya½ vutta½ “paccaggheti abhinave, pacceka½ mahagghat±ya paccaggheti keci, ta½ na sundara½. Na hi buddh± bhagavanto mahaggha½ paµiggaºhanti, paribhuñjanti c±”ti, idh±pi tena pacchimoyeva atthavikappo gahito. Abhinavat±ya “paccagghan”ti ca ida½ ±dito tath± laddhavoh±rena, anaññaparibhogat±ya ca vutta½, tath± v± satthu adhiµµh±nena ta½ patta½ sabbak±la½ “paccagghan”tveva vuccati. Selamayapattanti muggavaººasil±maya½ catumah±r±jadattiya½ patta½. Ayameva hi bhagavat± niccaparibhutto patto samacittasuttavaººan±d²supi (a. ni. aµµha. 2.2.37) tath± vuttatt±.
407. Attano rucivasena ajjh±sayavasena, na parehi uss±hitoti adhipp±yo. “Atippagabh±vameva disv±”ti ca ida½ bh³takathana½ na t±va bhikkh±caraºavel± sampatt±ti dassanattha½. Bhagav± hi tad± k±lasseva vih±rato nikkhanto “v±san±bh±giy±ya dhammadesan±ya poµµhap±da½ anuggaºhiss±m²”ti. P±¼iya½ atippago khoti ettha “pago”ti ida½ kacc±yanamatena pa-iccupasaggato o-k±raga-k±r±gamane siddha½. Pa-saddoyeva p±to-attha½ vadati. Aññesa½ pana saddavid³na½ matena p±topadamiva nep±tika½. Teneva tattha tattha aµµhakath±su (d². ni. aµµha. 3.1) vutta½ “atippago khoti ativiya p±to”ti. Apica paµhama½ gacchati divasabh±vena pavattat²ti pagoti nibbacana½ imin± dassita½. Duvidho khalusaddo viya hi pagoti saddo n±manip±topasaggavasena tividho. Evañhi idha “atippagabh±vameva disv±”ti vacana½ upapanna½ hoti.
Ya½n³n±ti esa nip±to aññattha sa½sayaparid²pano, idha pana sa½sayapatir³pakaparid²panova. Kasm± “sa½sayaparid²pane”ti vutta½, nanu buddh±na½ sa½sayo natth²ti ±ha “buddh±nañc±”ti-±di. Sa½sayo n±ma natthi bodhim³le eva tassa samuggh±µitatt±. Parivitakkapubbabh±goti adhippetakiccassa pubbabh±ge pavattaparivitakko. Es±ti “kariss±ma, na kariss±m±”ti-±diko esa citt±c±ro sabbabuddh±na½ labbhati sambhavati vic±raºavaseneva pavattanato, na pana sa½sayavasena. Ten±h±ti yenesa sabbabuddh±na½ labbhati, tena bhagav± evam±h±ti imameva p±¼i½ imassa atthassa s±dhaka½ karoti. Aya½ aµµhakath±to aparo nayo– ya½n³n±ti parikappane nip±to. “Upasaªkameyyan”ti kiriy±padena vuccam±noyeva hi attho anena jot²yati. Tasm± aha½ ya½n³na yadi pana upasaªkameyya½ s±dhu vat±ti yojan±. “Yadi pan±”ti idampi tena sam±natthanti vutta½ “yadi pan±hanti attho”ti.
408. Ass±ti paribb±jakaparis±ya. Uddha½gamanavasen±ti unnatabahulat±ya uggantv± uggantv± pavattanavasena. Dis±su patthaµavasen±ti vipulabh±vena bh³taparampar±ya sabbadis±su pattharaºavasena. Ettha ca p±¼iya½ yath± unnatap±yo saddo unn±do, eva½ vipulabh±vena upar³pari pavattopi unn±doyev±ti tadubhaya½ ekajjha½ katv± “unn±diniy±”ti vutta½, puna tadubhayameva vibh±ga½ katv± “ucc±saddamah±sadd±y±”ti. Ato p±¼inay±nur³pameva attha½ vivarat²ti daµµhabba½. Id±ni paribb±jakaparis±ya ucc±saddamah±saddat±k±raºa½, tassa ca pavatti-±k±ra½ dassento “tesañh²”ti-±dim±ha. B±l±tapeti abhinavuggatas³riy±tape. K±mass±do n±ma k±maguºass±do. Bhavass±do n±ma k±mar±g±disahagato bhavesu ass±do.
S³riyuggamane khajjopanamiva nippabhata½ sandh±ya vutta½ “khajjopanak³pam± j±t±”ti. L±bhasakk±ropi no parih²noti attho b±veruj±takena (j±. 1.4.154) d²petabbo. Parisadosoti paris±ya pavattadoso.
409. Saºµhapes²ti saññamanavasena sammadeva µhapesi. Saºµhapanañcettha tiracch±nakath±ya aññamaññasmi½ ag±ravassa caj±panavasena ±c±rasikkh±pana½ yath±vuttadosassa nig³hanañca hot²ti ±ha “sikkh±pes²”ti-±di. Nanti parisa½. Appasaddanti nissadda½ ucc±saddamah±sadd±bh±va½. “Eko nis²dat²”ti-±di atth±pattidassana½. Vuddhinti l±bhaguºavuddhi½. Patthayam±noti patthayanahetu. M±nante hi lakkhaºe, hetumhi ca icchanti saddavid³. Id±ni tamattha½ vitth±retu½ “paribb±jak± kir±”ti-±di ±raddha½. Aparaddhanti aparajjhita½. Nappamajjant²ti pam±da½ na ±pajjanti, na ag±rava½ karont²ti vutta½ hoti.
410. No ±gate ±nandoti amh±ka½ bhagavati ±gate ±nando p²ti hoti. “Cirassa½ kho bhante bhagav± ima½ pariy±yamak±s²”ti vacana½ pubbepi tattha ±gatapubbatt± vuttavacanamiva hot²ti codana½ samuµµh±petv± pariharanto “kasm± ±h±”ti-±dim±ha. Piyasamud±c±r±ti piy±l±p±. Tasm±ti tath± piyasamud±c±rassa pavattanato. Na kevala½ ayameva, atha kho aññepi pabbajit± yebhuyyena bhagavato apaciti½ karontev±ti tadaññesampi b±hullakammena tadattha½ s±dhetu½ “bhagavantañh²”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha k±raºam±ha “ucc±kul²nat±y±”ti mah±sammatar±jato paµµh±ya asambhinnakhattiyakulat±y±ti attho. Tath± hi soºadaº¹ena vutta½ “samaºo khalu bho gotamo ucc±kul± pabbajito asambhinnakhattiyakul±”ti, (d². ni. 1.304) tena s±sane appasann±nampi kulag±ravena bhagavati apaciti½ dasseti. Etasmi½ antare k± n±ma kath±ti yath±vuttaparicchedabbhantare k²dis± n±ma kath±. Vippakat±ti ±raddh± hutv± apariyosit±. “K± kath± vippakat±”ti pana vadanto atthato tass± pariyos±pana½ paµij±n±ti n±ma. K± kath±ti ca avisesacodan±, tasm± yass± tass± sabbass±pi kath±ya pariyos±pana½ paµiññ±ta½ hoti, tañca paµij±nana½ padesaññuno avisa½yanti ±ha “y±va…pe… sabbaññupav±raºa½ pav±res²”ti. Es±ti paribb±jakaparis±ya kathit± r±jakath±dik±. Niss±r±ti niratthakabh±vena s±rarahit±.